keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fracture + pediatric + review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633789/displaced-salter-harris-type-i-distal-fibula-fractures-two-case-reports-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Jeremy Korsh, Stephen Adolfsen
Salter-Harris type I (SH-I) fractures of the distal fibula are commonly encountered in pediatric orthopedics. We describe 2 unique cases of adolescents with completely displaced SH-I distal fibula fractures that were treated operatively. In the first case, a closed reduction attempt failed and the patient required open reduction and internal fixation of the distal fibula and syndesmosis. The syndesmotic ligaments were avulsed from the distal fibular metaphysis. In the second case, closed reduction of the distal fibula fracture was partially successful, but anatomic reduction could not be achieved without open reduction...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632657/role-of-computed-tomography-in-the-classification-of-pediatric-pelvic-fractures-revisited
#2
Melissa A Bent, William L Hennrikus, Johan E Latorre, Douglas G Armstrong, Brian Shaw, Kerwyn C Jones, Lee S Segal
OBJECTIVES: To determine the need for computerized tomography (CT) scans in the assessment of pediatric pelvic fractures. DESIGN: Retrospective Chart Review. SETTING: Level-1 Pediatric Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Thirty pediatric trauma patients with pelvic fractures who have obtained both a radiograph and CT scan. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Fleiss Kappa coefficient to compare interreliability...
July 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625198/determining-the-clinical-significance-of-errors-in-pediatric-radiograph-interpretation-between-emergency-physicians-and-radiologists
#3
Jonathan Taves, Steve Skitch, Rahim Valani
OBJECTIVES: Emergency physicians (EPs) interpret plain radiographs for management and disposition of patients. Radiologists subsequently conduct their own interpretations, which may differ. The purposes of this study were to review the rate and nature of discrepancies between radiographs interpreted by EPs and those of radiologists in the pediatric emergency department, and to determine their clinical significance. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of discrepant radiology reports from a single-site pediatric emergency department from October 2012 to December 2014...
June 19, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620868/osteoporosis-in-children-with-chronic-illnesses-diagnosis-monitoring-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Monica Grover, Laura K Bachrach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Osteoporosis is an under-recognized complication of chronic illness in childhood. This review will summarize recent literature addressing the risk factors, evaluation, and treatment for early bone fragility. RECENT FINDINGS: Criteria for the diagnosis of pediatric osteoporosis include the presence of low trauma vertebral fractures alone or the combination of low bone mineral density and several long bone fractures. Monitoring for bone health may include screening for vertebral fractures that are common but often asymptomatic...
June 15, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619746/informal-regionalization-of-pediatric-fracture-care-in-the-greater-toronto-area-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#5
Daniel Pincus, Steven Morrison, Martin F Gargan, Mark W Camp
BACKGROUND: Operative management of pediatric fractures is an expected competency in the specialty of Orthopedic Surgery. However, specialized pediatric centres may be providing care for increasing numbers of patients with fractures previously treated at community hospitals. The primary objective of this study was to examine trends in presentation of children with fractures to a specialized pediatric centre. METHODS: We performed a detailed chart review to examine trends in presentation of children aged 14 years or less with supracondylar humerus or femur fractures to a specialized pediatric centre (Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto) from anywhere in the Greater Toronto Area between Apr...
June 14, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607872/vascularized-fibula-based-physis-transfer-a-follow-up-study-of-longitudinal-bone-growth-and-complications
#6
Ronnie L Shammas, Yash J Avashia, Alfredo E Farjat, Anthony A Catanzano, L Scott Levin, William C Eward, Brian E Brigman, Detlev Erdmann
BACKGROUND: The vascularized free fibula epiphyseal transfer provides an option for the preservation of limb lengthening after resection of the proximal humerus in pediatric sarcoma patients. The purpose of this study was to provide a long-term follow-up of longitudinal growth patterns and outcomes after free fibula epiphyseal transfer in upper extremity reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective review of 4 patients who underwent free fibula epiphyseal transfer after oncologic resection of the proximal humerus for osteosarcoma was performed...
May 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603569/pediatric-acl-injuries-a-review-of-current-concepts
#7
Vikas Trivedi, Panna Mishra, Deepankar Verma
BACKGROUND: The number of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries reported in skeletally immature athletes has increased over the past 2 decades. The reasons for this increased rate include the growing number of children and adolescents participating in competitive sports vigorous sports training at an earlier age and greater rate of diagnosis because of increased awareness and greater use of advanced medical imaging. There is a growing need for a consensus and evidence based approach for management of these injuries to frame a dedicated age specific treatment strategy...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603567/current-concepts-in-paediatric-femoral-shaft-fractures
#8
Rakesh John, Siddhartha Sharma, Gopinathan Nirmal Raj, Jujhar Singh, Varsha C, Arjun Rhh, Ankit Khurana
Pediatric femoral shaft fractures account for less than 2% of all fractures in children. However, these are the most common pediatric fractures necessitating hospitalization and are associated with prolonged hospital stay, prolonged immobilization and impose a significant burden on the healthcare system as well as caregivers. In this paper, the authors present a comprehensive review of epidemiology, aetiology, classification and managemement options of pediatric femoral shaft fractures.
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582319/osteoporosis-in-childhood
#9
Francesco Vierucci, Giuseppe Saggese, Rolando Cimaz
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to highlight recent findings in prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of pediatric osteoporosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Several genes are involved in bone mass acquisition, and various monogenic bone disorders characterized by reduced bone mineral density and increased bone fragility have been recently described. Moreover, many chronic diseases and/or their treatment have been associated with impaired bone mass acquisition. Pediatric osteoporosis should be adequately suspected and properly diagnosed in children at risk of fractures...
June 2, 2017: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577782/orthobiologics-in-pediatric-sports-medicine
#10
REVIEW
Christopher C Bray, Clark M Walker, David D Spence
Orthobiologics are biological substances that allow injured muscles, tendons, ligaments, and bone to heal more quickly. They are found naturally in the body; at higher concentrations they can aid in the healing process. These substances include autograft bone, allograft bone, demineralized bone matrix, bone morphogenic proteins, growth factors, stem cells, plasma-rich protein, and ceramic grafts. Their use in sports medicine has exploded in efforts to increase graft incorporation, stimulate healing, and get athletes back to sport with problems including anterior cruciate ligament ruptures, tendon ruptures, cartilage injuries, and fractures...
July 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567150/cortical-fenestration-for-megaprosthesis-stem-revision
#11
Vincent Y Ng, Philip Louie, Stephanie Punt, Ernest U Conrad Iii
BACKGROUND: The most common modes of failure for megaprostheses are aseptic loosening followed by periprosthetic infection and stem fracture. Surgical technique for bone and implant exposure is controversial and may influence the success of revision and the need for additional future revisions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of cortical fenestration for megaprosthesis revision, particularly for stem fracture. METHODS: From 1985-2014, 196 adult and pediatric patients underwent limb salvage with a distal femoral or proximal tibial megaprosthesis (109 cemented, 87 pressfit)...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554184/vertebral-artery-dissection-in-a-bouncy-castle-injury-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Valeria Ripa, Timur M Urakov, Sarah C Jernigan
There is an increased rate of injuries associated with activities on bouncy castles. The purpose of this article was to describe the case of a 6-year-old boy who sustained a brain infarct as a consequence of a left posterior inferior cerebellar artery dissection due to improper landing in a bouncy castle and who required a suboccipital craniotomy. The second goal was to outline the literature review regarding cervical trauma related to trampoline or bouncy castle accidents in pediatric populations. Based on the described case and reviewed studies, bouncy castle or any other activity resulting in hyperflexion or hyperextension of the neck should be carefully evaluated for cervical spine fractures and vascular injuries...
May 30, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548996/distal-junctional-failure-following-pediatric-spinal-fusion
#13
Lorena V Floccari, Alvin W Su, Amy L McIntosh, Karl Rathjen, William J Shaughnessy, A Noelle Larson
BACKGROUND: Adjacent segment pathology is a known complication after spinal fusion, but little has been reported on junctional failure. A series of adolescent patients presented with acute distal junctional failure (DJF). We sought to determine any common features of these patients to develop a prevention strategy. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of pediatric patients who developed DJF after instrumented spinal fusion performed at 2 institutions from 1999 to 2013...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520680/acute-pediatric-monteggia-fractures-a-conservative-approach-to-stabilization
#14
Ian Foran, Vidyadhar V Upasani, Charles D Wallace, Elise Britt, Tracey P Bastrom, James D Bomar, Andrew T Pennock
BACKGROUND: In 2015, a multicenter study group proposed a treatment algorithm for pediatric Monteggia fractures based upon the ulnar fracture pattern. This strategy recommends surgical stabilization for all complete ulna fractures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether an initial nonoperative approach to pediatric Monteggia fractures resulted in poorer outcomes and a higher rate of complications. METHODS: This institutional review board approved retrospective study evaluated all Monteggia fractures presenting to a level 1 pediatric trauma center between 2008 and 2014...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513527/management-of-pediatric-mandibular-fracture-using-orthodontic-vacuum-formed-thermoplastic-splint-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
O O Sanu, Aos Ayodele, M O Akeredolu
Fractures of the mandible are relatively less frequent in children when compared to adults. The anatomic features of children are protected. Children have a higher adaptation to maxillofacial fractures compared to adults. Treatment principles of mandibular fractures in children differ from that of adults due to concerns regarding mandibular growth and the developing dentition. A case of a 6-year-old boy with fractured mandibular symphysis managed by closed reduction using a vacuum formed thermoplastic splint and circummandibular wiring is presented...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496390/mandible-fractures
#16
REVIEW
Brent B Pickrell, Arman T Serebrakian, Renata S Maricevich
Mandible fractures account for a significant portion of maxillofacial injuries and the evaluation, diagnosis, and management of these fractures remain challenging despite improved imaging technology and fixation techniques. Understanding appropriate surgical management can prevent complications such as malocclusion, pain, and revision procedures. Depending on the type and location of the fractures, various open and closed surgical reduction techniques can be utilized. In this article, the authors review the diagnostic evaluation, treatment options, and common complications of mandible fractures...
May 2017: Seminars in Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488618/pediatric-thoracolumbar-spinal-injuries-the-etiology-and-clinical-spectrum-of-an-uncommon-entity-in-childhood
#17
R A Babu, Arivazhagan Arimappamagan, Nupur Pruthi, Dhananjaya I Bhat, H R Arvinda, B Indira Devi, Sampath Somanna
BACKGROUND: Pediatric thoracolumbar (TL) spinal injuries are uncommon entities with an incidence of 5-34% of all pediatric spinal injuries. There is a scarcity of studies done on the pediatric population in the developing countries like India. This study aims to review our experience with TL spine injuries in children over a 12-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the epidemiology, risk factors, mechanisms, patterns of injury and management of pediatric TL injuries in our population...
May 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473090/acr-appropriateness-criteria-%C3%A2-suspected-physical-abuse-child
#18
Sandra L Wootton-Gorges, Bruno P Soares, Adina L Alazraki, Sudha A Anupindi, Jeffrey P Blount, Timothy N Booth, Molly E Dempsey, Richard A Falcone, Laura L Hayes, Abhaya V Kulkarni, Sonia Partap, Cynthia K Rigsby, Maura E Ryan, Nabile M Safdar, Andrew T Trout, Roger F Widmann, Boaz K Karmazyn, Susan Palasis
The youngest children, particularly in the first year of life, are the most vulnerable to physical abuse. Skeletal survey is the universal screening examination in children 24 months of age and younger. Fractures occur in over half of abused children. Rib fractures may be the only abnormality in about 30%. A repeat limited skeletal survey after 2 weeks can detect additional fractures and can provide fracture dating information. The type and extent of additional imaging for pediatric patients being evaluated for suspected physical abuse depends on the age of the child, the presence of neurologic signs and symptoms, evidence of thoracic or abdominopelvic injuries, and social considerations...
May 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471915/incidence-of-delayed-diagnosis-of-orthopaedic-injury-in-pediatric-trauma-patients
#19
Jeremy D Podolnick, Daniel S Donovan, Alfred W Atanda
TITLE: Incidence of delayed diagnosis of orthopaedic injury in pediatric trauma patients OBJECTIVE:: Determine the incidence of the delayed diagnosis of orthopaedic injuries in pediatric trauma patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective analysis. SETTING: Level I pediatric trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: All patients with an orthopaedic consultation following a trauma activation with a diagnosis of fracture, dislocation, traumatic arthrotomy, neurovascular injury, amputation, and tendon or ligament injury requiring intervention...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468138/use-of-resorbable-fixation-system-in-pediatric-facial-fractures
#20
Frankie K Wong, Saleigh Adams, Donald A Hudson, Wayne Ozaki
INTRODUCTION: Resorbable fixation system (RFS) is an alternative to titanium in open reduction and internal fixation of pediatric facial fractures. METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed all medical records in a major metropolitan pediatric hospital in Cape Town, South Africa from September 2010 through May 2014. Inclusion criteria were children under the age of 13 with facial fractures who have undergone open reduction and internal fixation using RFS. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were reviewed...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
keyword
keyword
108779
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"