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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882051/burned-bodies-post-mortem-computed-tomography-an-essential-tool-for-modern-forensic-medicine
#1
REVIEW
J-B Coty, C Nedelcu, S Yahya, V Dupont, C Rougé-Maillart, M Verschoore, C Ridereau Zins, C Aubé
Currently, post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) has become an accessible and contemporary tool for forensic investigations. In the case of burn victims, it provides specific semiologies requiring a prudent understanding to differentiate between the normal post-mortem changes from heat-related changes. The aim of this pictorial essay is to provide to the radiologist the keys to establish complete and focused reports in cases of PMCT of burn victims. Thus, the radiologist must discern all the contextual divergences with the forensic history, and must be able to report all the relevant elements to answer to the forensic pathologist the following questions: Are there tomographic features that could help to identify the victim? Is there evidence of remains of biological fluids in liquid form available for toxicological analysis and DNA sampling? Is there another obvious cause of death than heat-related lesions, especially metallic foreign bodies of ballistic origin? Finally, what are the characteristic burn-related injuries seen on the corpse that should be sought during the autopsy? TEACHING POINTS: • CT is highly useful to find features permitting the identification of a severely burned body...
June 7, 2018: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755064/john-robert-seeley-i-natural-religion-i-and-the-victorian-conflict-between-science-and-religion
#2
Ian Hesketh
This essay examines the publishing and reception of J. R. Seeley's Natural Religion (1882), a book that sought to bring about a reconciliation between science and religion. While Natural Religion has long been overlooked, it is argued that its reception gives us insight into changing views about the relationship between science and religion in the late Victorian period. The essay also explores how the reception of the book was conditioned by its bibliographic lineage as it was signed not by Seeley, but "by the Author of Ecce Homo...
2018: Journal of the History of Ideas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682106/nitric-oxide-from-good-to-bad
#3
REVIEW
Paul M Vanhoutte
This essay summarizes a lecture presented on October 19th, 2017, during the 58th Annual Meeting of the Japanese College of Angiology in Nagoya, Japan. The lecture summarizes several instances where the absence of relaxations of isolated blood vessels in response to endothelium-dependent vasodilator agonists, which cause activation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and consequent production of endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) and stimulation of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) in underlying vascular smooth muscle, or hypoxia are curtailed or reversed to endothelium-dependent contractions...
March 25, 2018: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617488/-school-feeding-and-the-establishment-of-school-identities-from-meals-for-the-poor-to-the-right-to-food
#4
Edleuza Oliveira Silva, Lígia Amparo-Santos, Micheli Dantas Soares
This essay aims to analyze school feeding as a practice contributing to the establishment of school identities. The point of departure is a nonsystematic review of publications on school feeding and identities in Brazil's public schools. The discussion begins with the persistence of paternalistic discourses and practices that reduce school feeding to food for the poor, observed in the studies. The meanings in this paternalistic approach suggest that it appears to function as a power mechanism to brand the schoolchildren with an identify of poverty and inferiority...
March 29, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547814/exploring-the-paradox-a-cross-sectional-study-of-academic-dishonesty-among-australian-nursing-students
#5
Melanie Birks, John Smithson, Janene Antney, Lin Zhao, Camilla Burkot
BACKGROUND: Universities' responsibility to ensure academic integrity is frustrated by software and communication tools that facilitate content reuse coupled with a growing international essay writing economy. A wide range of behaviours constitute academic dishonesty and while a complex phenomenon to examine, existing evidence suggests that there is sufficient proliferation (both in volume and variety) of these behaviours among Australian university students to warrant concern. This proliferation presents faculty and staff with new challenges in ensuring academic integrity...
June 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276198/the-fashioning-of-fashionable-diseases-in-the-eighteenth-century
#6
David E Shuttleton
This essay considers why the eighteenth century has particular significance for anyone concerned with the cultural forces necessary to render a disease fashionable. A brief overview of a pervasive cult of sensibility addresses the role of popular medical writing, imaginative literature, and spas in circulating a romanticized model of nervous disorders as signs of intellectual and moral superiority. Attention is drawn to the ambiguity in the term "fashionable" implying "popular," but also something that might be contrived; to what extent were Georgian fashionable diseases merely cultural constructs? Here the medicalization of masturbation suggests a limit-case...
2017: Literature and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190119/when-the-plus-sign-is-a-negative-challenging-and-reinforcing-embodied-stigmas-through-outliers-and-counter-narratives
#7
Alexandra Lippert
When individuals become aware of their stigma, they attempt to manage their identity through discourses that both challenge and reinforce power. Identity management is fraught with tensions between the desire to fit normative social constructions and counter the same discourse. This essay explores identity management in the midst of the embodied stigmas concerning unplanned pregnancy during college and raising a biracial son. In doing so, this essay points to the difference between outlier narratives and counter-narratives...
November 30, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802515/alcohol-in-the-city-wherever-and-whenever
#8
Xisca Sureda, Víctor Carreño, Albert Espelt, Joan R Villalbí, Jamie Pearce, Manuel Franco
Alcohol urban environment has been associated with individual alcohol behaviors. We are constantly exposed to a wide variety of alcohol products, its marketing and promotion and signs of alcohol consumption that may influence alcohol-drinking behaviors. In this photo-essay, we include photographs that visually explain the exposure to alcohol in the urban streetscape of Madrid. These photographs show the pervasiveness of alcohol products in this city, which can be found everywhere at any time.
March 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677101/non-perforated-peptic-ulcer-disease-multidetector-ct-findings-complications-and-differential-diagnosis
#9
REVIEW
Massimo Tonolini, Anna Maria Ierardi, Elena Bracchi, Paolo Magistrelli, Adriana Vella, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Despite availability of effective therapies, peptic ulcer disease (PUD) remains a major global disease, resulting from a combination of persistent Helicobacter pylori infection and widespread use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Albeit endoscopy definitely represents the mainstay diagnostic technique, patients presenting to emergency departments with unexplained abdominal pain generally undergo multidetector CT as an initial investigation. Although superficial ulcers generally remain inconspicuous, careful multiplanar CT interpretation may allow to detect deep ulcers, secondary mural and extraluminal signs of peptic gastroduodenitis, thereby allowing timely endoscopic verification and appropriate treatment...
October 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616787/subtle-radiographic-signs-of-hamate-body-fracture-a-diagnosis-not-to-miss-in-the-emergency-department
#10
Nathan D Cecava, Mary F Finn, Liem T Mansfield
Hamate fractures are estimated to represent 1.7% of all carpal fractures and can occur at the hamulus (hook) or hamate body depending on mechanism of injury. Fractures of the hamate body can be exceedingly difficult to identify on standard wrist and hand radiographs in the emergency department. If the diagnosis is missed in the emergency department, orthopedic referral is often delayed. This can result in lasting functional disability for the patient, as these fractures have a propensity to destabilize the fourth and fifth carpometacarpal (CMC) joints...
December 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470978/sonography-of-dermatologic-emergencies
#11
Ximena Wortsman
Dermatologic conditions may be the subjects of potential emergency consultations, and the knowledge of their sonographic appearance can facilitate an early diagnosis and management. In this pictorial essay, the sonographic dermatologic anatomy, technique, and conditions that can be supported by a prompt sonographic diagnosis are reviewed. The sonographic signs that may help diagnose these entities are discussed with a practical approach.
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428656/what-radiologists-should-know-about-tomographic-evaluation-of-acute-diverticulitis-of-the-colon
#12
Aline de Araújo Naves, Giuseppe D'Ippolito, Luis Ronan Marquez Ferreira Souza, Sílvia Portela Borges, Glênio Moraes Fernandes
Acute diverticulitis of the colon is a common indication for computed tomography, and its diagnosis and complications are essential to determining the proper treatment and establishing the prognosis. The adaptation of the surgical classification for computed tomography has allowed the extent of intestinal inflammation to be established, the computed tomography findings correlating with the indication for treatment. In addition, computed tomography has proven able to distinguish among the main differential diagnoses of diverticulitis...
March 2017: Radiologia Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392592/conscience-in-the-public-square-the-pivoting-positions-of-the-usccb-and-aclu-around-the-religious-freedom-restoration-act
#13
Luke A Gatta
The debate on the meaning of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) is rapidly developing. Taking three snapshots in the bill's history (in 1993 at its origin, in 2014 during Burwell v. Hobby Lobby, and in 2015 after Obergefell v. Hodges), this essay evaluates the stances taken on the RFRA by the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and the US Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB). Although the ACLU initially supported the bill, it now campaigns against it. In contrast the USCCB, once hesitant to endorse the RFRA, fervently defends it today...
November 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389790/multidetector-ct-urography-in-urogenital-tuberculosis-use-of-reformatted-images-for-the-assessment-of-the-radiological-findings-a-pictorial-essay
#14
REVIEW
Caterina Gaudiano, Marina Tadolini, Fiorenza Busato, Elisa Vanino, Simone Pucci, Beniamino Corcioni, Rita Golfieri
Urogenital tuberculosis (UGTB) is the most common form of extrapulmonary TB and is responsible for a destructive inflammation of the renal parenchyma and urinary tract often leading to the loss of kidney function. For these reasons, the early diagnosis of this disease, once considered disappeared in developed countries, is very important to establish a prompt and efficient treatment. However, the subtle and non-specific symptoms, often represented by recurrent and persistent lower urinary tract symptoms, can confound and delay the diagnosis...
September 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299234/different-sonographic-faces-of-ectopic-pregnancy
#15
Charu Chanana, Nishant Gupta, Itisha Bansal, Kusum Hooda, Pranav Sharma, Mohit Gupta, Darshan Gandhi, Yogesh Kumar
Vaginal bleeding in the first trimester has wide differential diagnoses, the most common being a normal early intrauterine pregnancy, with other potential causes including spontaneous abortion and ectopic pregnancy. The incidence of ectopic pregnancy is approximately 2% of all reported pregnancies and is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality worldwide. Clinical signs and symptoms of ectopic pregnancy are often nonspecific. History of pelvic pain with bleeding and positive β-human chorionic gonadotropin should raise the possibility of ectopic pregnancy...
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050791/radiological-diagnosis-of-perinephric-pathology-pictorial-essay-2015
#16
REVIEW
Goran Mitreski, Tom Sutherland
The perinephric space, shaped as an inverted cone, sits between the anterior and posterior renal fasciae. It can play host to a variety of clinical conditions encountered daily in the reporting schedule for a radiologist. Lesions may be classified and diagnosed based on their imaging characteristics, location and distribution. A broad range of differential diagnoses can be attributed to pathology sitting within this space, often without clinical signs or symptoms. An understanding of commonly encountered conditions affecting the perinephric space, along with characteristic imaging findings, can illustrate and often narrow the likely diagnosis...
February 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004457/clinical-and-ultrasound-characteristics-of-surgically-removed-adnexal-lesions-with-largest-diameter-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-2-5%C3%A2-cm-a-pictorial-essay
#17
A Di Legge, P Pollastri, R Mancari, M Ludovisi, F Mascilini, D Franchi, D Jurkovic, M E Coccia, D Timmerman, G Scambia, A Testa, L Valentin
OBJECTIVES: To describe the ultrasound characteristics, indications for surgery and histological diagnoses of surgically removed adnexal masses with a largest diameter of ≤ 2.5 cm (very small tumors), to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis of malignancy by subjective assessment of ultrasound images of very small tumors and to present a collection of ultrasound images of surgically removed very small tumors, with emphasis on those causing diagnostic difficulty. METHODS: Information on surgically removed adnexal tumors with a largest diameter of ≤ 2...
November 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833198/a-philosophical-assessment-of-tk-s-autopsy-report-implications-for-the-debate-over-the-brain-death-criteria
#18
Nicanor Pier Giorgio Austriaco
In recent years, there has been increasing evidence that the totally brain-dead patient is able to continue to live and to maintain some integrated functions, albeit with the necessary assistance of mechanical ventilation. Several years ago, the autopsy report of a totally brain-dead patient named TK who was kept on life support for nearly twenty years was published in the Journal of Child Neurology. He remains the individual kept on life support the longest after suffering total brain failure. In this essay, I argue that the clinical data described in the autopsy report demonstrate that TK's long-term survival after total brain failure supports the claim acknowledged by the President's Council on Bioethics that the brain-dead patient retains his bodily integrity...
May 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756294/measuring-interprofessional-competencies-and-attitudes-among-health-professional-students-creating-family-planning-virtual-patient-cases
#19
Eric Wong, Jasmine J Leslie, Judith A Soon, Wendy V Norman
BACKGROUND: The Virtual Interprofessional Patients-Computer-Assisted Reproductive Health Education for Students (VIP-CARES) Project took place during the summers of 2010-2012 for eight weeks each year at the University of British Columbia (UBC). Undergraduate health care students worked collaboratively to develop virtual patient case-based learning modules on the topic of family planning. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in perception towards interprofessional collaboration (IPC) among the participants, before and after the project...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730328/role-of-lower-extremity-run-off-ct-angiography-in-the-evaluation-of-acute-vascular-disease
#20
REVIEW
Yaseen Oweis, Zachary Viets, Anup S Shetty
In the acute care setting, radiologists are frequently asked to assist in the evaluation of patients presenting with signs and symptoms of lower extremity peripheral vascular disease. Non-traumatic peripheral vascular emergencies are most commonly the result of thrombosis, either in a native vessel or within a bypass graft or stent. Arterial emboli, peripheral aneurysm with embolus or thrombosis, and direct arterial trauma are additional, less common causes. Traumatic peripheral vascular emergencies include vessel occlusion, transection, pseudoaneurysms, active extravasation, and arteriovenous fistulas...
April 2017: Abdominal Radiology
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