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Gynaecological pathology

N Peyron, E Jacquemier, M Charlot, M Devouassoux, D Raudrant, F Golfier, P Rousset
OBJECTIVES: To describe MRI features of accessory cavitated uterine mass (ACUM) with surgical correlations. METHODS: Eleven young women with an ACUM at pathology underwent preoperative pelvic MRI. Two experienced radiologists retrospectively analysed MR images in consensus to determine the lesion location within the uterus, its size, morphology (shape and boundaries), and structure reporting the signal and enhancement of its different parts compared to myometrium...
August 29, 2018: European Radiology
Yun Ye, Jian-Jun Wang, Su-Liang Li, Sheng-Yu Wang, Fa-Hong Jing
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that B7-H4 expression is significantly increased in ovarian cancer. However, the role of B7-H4 expression in ovarian cancer remains unclear, and some studies reporting conflicting results. A systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis were conducted to assess the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognostic significance of B7-H4 in ovarian cancer. METHODS: Eligible studies were searched in the PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases...
August 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Erik Kudela, Jozef Visnovsky, Tomas Balharek, Anna Farkasova, Pavol Zubor, Lukas Plank, Jan Danko
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and correlate the amplification of chromosomal regions 3q26 and 5p15 in different cytological and histological subgroups of patients and to compare the sensitivity and specificity of amplification tests with cytology, colposcopy and HPV status. METHODS: The work was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in cooperation with the Institute of Pathological Anatomy, JFM CU in Martin and UNM during years 2013-2016...
August 2018: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
Jing Wang, Xiao Lv, Feixue Xu, Min Wei, Cuiping Liu, Yongxiu Yang
Endometrial carcinoma is the most common gynecological malignancy. The pathological factors triggering this disease are largely unknown. Although the role of guanine nucleotide-binding protein subunit α (GNA) 11 (GNA11) in melanoma has been described, the involvement of GNA14 in endometrial carcinoma remains to be determined. Here, we found that GNA14 expression was increased in endometrial carcinoma tissues compared with simple hyperplasia tissues. Based on lentivirus-mediated knockdown assay, we showed that GNA14 silencing significantly suppressed the proliferation of both HEC-1-A and Ishikawa cells...
October 31, 2018: Bioscience Reports
David Cibula, Richard Pötter, François Planchamp, Elisabeth Avall-Lundqvist, Daniela Fischerova, Christine Haie-Meder, Christhardt Köhler, Fabio Landoni, Sigurd Lax, Jacob Christian Lindegaard, Umesh Mahantshetty, Patrice Mathevet, W Glenn McCluggage, Mary McCormack, Raj Naik, Remi Nout, Sandro Pignata, Jordi Ponce, Denis Querleu, Francesco Raspagliesi, Alexandros Rodolakis, Karl Tamussino, Pauline Wimberger, Maria Rosaria Raspollini
Regrettably, the author metadata used for the previous correction (doi: ) contained an error in the tagging of W. Glenn McCluggage's name; this has been corrected. No further adjustments have been made to the Correction, or the original Guideline paper (doi: ).
July 25, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Jeanna M McCuaig, Tracy L Stockley, Patricia Shaw, Michael Fung-Kee-Fung, Alon D Altman, James Bentley, Marcus Q Bernardini, Beatrice Cormier, Hal Hirte, Katharina Kieser, Andree MacMillan, Wendy S Meschino, Karen Panabaker, Renee Perrier, Diane Provencher, Kasmintan A Schrader, Kimberly Serfas, Eva Tomiak, Nora Wong, Sean S Young, Walter Henri Gotlieb, Paul Hoskins, Raymond H Kim
The landscape of genetic testing in ovarian cancer patients has changed dramatically in recent years. The therapeutic benefits of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors in treatment of BRCA1/2 -related ovarian cancers has resulted in an increased demand and urgency for genetic testing results, while technological developments have led to widespread use of multi-gene cancer panels and development of tumour testing protocols. Traditional genetic counselling models are no longer sustainable and must evolve to match the rapid evolution of genetic testing technologies and developments in personalized medicine...
September 2018: Journal of Medical Genetics
Nicola Santoni, Angela Ng, Rachel Skews, Omar M Aboumarzouk
Background/Aims/Objectives: Women with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) are commonly referred to urology outpatient clinics. However, there is no clear consensus in existing guidelines as to if, or how, these should be investigated. The primary outcome was to evaluate all available literature to determine the percentage of abnormal findings in non-pregnant women with recurrent simple UTIs. Secondary outcomes were to determine the percentage that were serious, consequential or incidental findings. METHODS: A full literature search was performed of the following databases: MEDLINE; Pubmed; Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials-CENTRAL; and ClinicalTrials...
July 17, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
Jenna Gale, Calvin Thompson, Karine J Lortie, Olga Bougie, Sukhbir S Singh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of same-day discharge after laparoscopic hysterectomy without excluding patients with complex surgical pathology and medical comorbidities. These factors are often considered potential barriers to early discharge, and the literature is lacking prospective trials addressing the feasibility of same-day discharge after laparoscopic hysterectomy in this patient population. METHODS: All women undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy by a member of the minimally invasive gynaecology team at The Ottawa Hospital, a tertiary academic referral centre, from May 2013 to February 2015 were eligible to participate regardless of patient comorbidities or surgical complexity...
July 11, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
A Arjona-Sanchez, J Esquivel, O Glehen, G Passot, K K Turaga, D Labow, S Rufian-Peña, R Morales, K van der Speeten
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery is playing an increasing role in the treatment of patients with gastrointestinal and gynaecological malignancies as the data show reduced morbidity, faster recovery and similar oncological outcome when compared to open procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The American Society of Peritoneal Surface Malignancies (ASPSM) conducted a retrospective study to analyse peritonectomy procedures and HIPEC done via the laparoscopic route...
July 12, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Pushp Lata Sachan, Meenakshi Singh, Munna Lal Patel, Rekha Sachan
Objective: The objective of the study is to evaluate the use of the Pap smear screening method for detection of precancerous lesions. Methods: All women who visited the outpatient gynecology clinic of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at King Georges Medical University, Lucknow, UP, India, over 1 year for different clinical problems were recruited for the study. A total of 1650 women who were sexually active and over 21 years of age were enrolled in the study...
July 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
Laura Nicholls-Dempsey, Carole Kamga-Ngande, Serge Bélisle, Louise Lapensée, Geneviève Roy, Catherine Tremblay, Laurence Simard-Émond
OBJECTIVE: We reviewed the indications for endometrial biopsy at the general gynaecology outpatient clinic of the Université de Montréal Hospital Center and measured their compliance with the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada and other international guidelines. METHODS: Three hundred and seventy-one files of patients who had an endometrial biopsy between January and October 2015 were reviewed. Indication for endometrial biopsy and pathology results were noted...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Isabella Cadena, Victoria P Werth, Pascale Levine, Annie Yang, Andrea Downey, John Curtin, Franco Muggia
Could hydroxychloroquine and quinacrine antimalarial therapy for dermatomyositis later attributed to a paraneoplasic manifestation of an ovarian cancer enhance its subsequent response to chemotherapy? Five months after being diagnosed with dermatomyositis, while somewhat improved with hydroxychloroquine, quinacrine and methotrexate, this 63-year-old woman presented with an advanced intra-abdominal epithelial ovarian cancer documented (but not resected) at laparotomy. Neoadjuvant carboplatin/paclitaxel resulted in remarkable improvement of symptoms, tumour markers and imaging findings leading to thorough cytoreductive surgery at completion of five cycles...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
Haider Jan, Vishalli Ghai
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate techniques of ureterolysis during complex laparoscopic hysterectomy. DESIGN: Technical video demonstrating different approaches to ureterolysis for complex benign pathology during laparoscopic hysterectomy (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Benign gynecology department at a university hospital. INTERVENTION: Performance of ureterolysis during laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign pathology...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Vinotha Thomas, Anitha Thomas, Ajit Sebastian, Rachel Chandy, Abraham Peedicayil
Incidental diagnosis of carcinoma endometrium following hysterectomy requires clinical expertise from a gynecologic oncologist, with regard to subsequent management. We report our experience with completion staging in endometrial cancer, to determine the benefits and risks of completion staging in women with posthysterectomy diagnosis of endometrial cancer. DESIGN: A retrospective case series of 20 women with postoperative diagnosis of endometrial cancer, who had undergone completion staging...
June 2018: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
Sergey Vladimirovich Moskvin, Oleg Ivanovich Apolikhin
In half of the cases, the infertility of the couple is due to the disorder of the male fertility. The leading factors that cause male infertility are urogenital infections, disorders of the immune system, testicular and prostate pathology, as well as endocrine disorders. Low level laser therapy (LLLT) is a very effective physical therapy method, used in many areas of medicine, including obstetrics and gynaecology, andrology and urology; and it is recommended as an integral part of the complex treatment of infertility...
June 2018: BioMedicine
Maria Rosaria Raspollini, Sigurd F Lax, W Glenn McCluggage
The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO), the European Society for Radiotherapy & Oncology (ESTRO) and the European Society of Pathology (ESP) nominated an international multidisciplinary development group consisting of practicing clinicians who have demonstrated leadership and expertise in cervical cancer to produce evidence-based guidelines regarding all aspects of the management of patients with this disease. Herein, we provide a detailed analysis of the pathological reporting of cervical carcinoma specimens, focusing on practical aspects of specimen sampling and on the core pathological data which are critical for patient management...
July 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
David Cibula, Richard Pötter, François Planchamp, Elisabeth Avall-Lundqvist, Daniela Fischerova, Christine Haie-Meder, Christhardt Köhler, Fabio Landoni, Sigurd Lax, Jacob Christian Lindegaard, Umesh Mahantshetty, Patrice Mathevet, W Glenn McCluggage, Mary McCormack, Raj Naik, Remi Nout, Sandro Pignata, Jordi Ponce, Denis Querleu, Francesco Raspagliesi, Alexandros Rodolakis, Karl Tamussino, Pauline Wimberger, Maria Rosaria Raspollini
Two corrections were made to the above publication following its original online publication on 4th May 2018.
June 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Sandra Turner, Ming-Ka Chan, Judy McKimm, Graham Dickson, Timothy Shaw
Purpose Doctors play a central role in leading improvements to healthcare systems. Leadership knowledge and skills are not inherent, however, and need to be learned. General frameworks for medical leadership guide curriculum development in this area. Explicit discipline-linked competency sets and programmes provide context for learning and likely enhance specialty trainees' capability for leadership at all levels. The aim of this review was to summarise the scholarly literature available around medical specialty-specific competency-based curricula for leadership in the post-graduate training space...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
Kamil Zalewski, Elisa Piovano, Zoia Razumova, Ilker Selcuk, Tanja Nikolova
This is a report from the 20th Meeting of the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO) held in Vienna, Austria on November 4 to 7, 2017. The conference offered state-of-the-art educational sessions and oral and poster abstract presentations. The general sessions throughout the meeting focused not only on prevention, screening, diagnosis, treatment, and translational research but also emerging trends, and current innovations in gynecological cancers were discussed. The ESGO-European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology-European Society of Pathology guidelines on management of cervical cancers were reported for the first time in public...
June 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Michele Vecchio, Andrea Santamato, Fortunato Geneovese, Giulia Malaguarnera, Vito Emanuele Catania, Saverio Latteri
Background: Peripheral neuropathy after surgical treatment is an under recognized potential untoward event. Pelvic surgery may be associated with nerve lesions by essentially three main mechanisms: transection, entrapment and pressure-stretching; the latter is the modality most frequently linked to patient's positioning on the operating room table. Presentation of the case: A 25 years old woman, after undergoing a laparoscopic gynaecologic procedure lasted >3 hours, on postoperative day one presented with numbness over her lateral right leg and dorsum of the foot, right foot drop and gait instability due to compression-stretching of the right superficial peroneal nerve...
April 2018: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
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