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Adolescent + idiopathic + scoliosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210027/klapp-method-effect-on-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-adolescents-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Diego De Sousa Dantas, Sanderson José Costa De Assis, Marina Pegoraro Baroni, Johnnatas Mikael Lopes, Enio Walker Azevedo Cacho, Roberta De Oliveira Cacho, Silvana Alves Pereira
[Purpose] To estimate the effect of Klapp method on idiopathic scoliosis in school students. [Subjects and Methods] A single-blind randomized clinical trial with 22 students randomly divided into intervention group (n=12) and inactive control group (n=10). Exercise protocol consisted of Klapp method, 20 sessions, three times a week for intervention group, and inactivity for control group. Dorsal muscle strength was measured by dynamometer; body asymmetries and gibbosity angles were measured by biophotogrammetry...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207671/a-silver-medal-winner-at-the-13th-world-wu-shu-championship-2015-17-months-after-selective-thoracic-fusion-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-case-report
#2
Chris Yin Wei Chan, Izzuddin Aziz, Fong Wei Chai, Mun Keong Kwan
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: To report the successful rehabilitation and the training progress of an elite high performance martial art exponent after selective thoracic fusion for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Posterior spinal fusion for AIS will result in loss of spinal flexibility. The process of rehabilitation after posterior spinal fusion for AIS remains controversial and there are few reports of return to elite sports performance after posterior spinal fusion for AIS...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207619/iliac-crest-regeneration-a-retrospective-study-of-14-years-of-follow-up
#3
Anastasios Christodoulou, Achilleas Boutsiadis, Evangellos Christodoulou, Petros Antonarakos, Panagiotis Givissis, Ippokratis Hatzokos
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study analysis. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the healing process of the ilium after being used as a bone graft donor site in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Iliac crest bone grafts have been proven to be the most reliable means for solid fusion in spine surgery. Nevertheless, few reports in the literature describe the ability of the iliac crest to regenerate...
March 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207617/is-brace-treatment-appropriate-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-refusing-surgery-with-cobb-angle-between-40-and-50-degrees
#4
Zezhang Zhu, Leilei Xu, Long Jiang, Xu Sun, Jun Qiao, Bang-Ping Qian, Saihu Mao, Yong Qiu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study to determine whether brace treatment is appropriate for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with Cobb angle between 40 and 50 degrees who utterly refuse surgery. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether it is possible to halt the curve progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients with Cobb angle between 40 and 50 degrees through bracing, and to identify factors that could influence the effectiveness of brace treatment in such patients...
March 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202300/multiple-concave-rib-head-resection-improved-correction-rate-of-posterior-spine-fusion-in-treatment-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#5
Takashi Namikawa, Hiroshi Taneichi, Satoshi Inami, Hiroshi Moridaira, Daisaku Takeuchi, Yo Shiba, Yutaka Nohara
BACKGROUND: Hybrid constructs have been widely used to surgically correct thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). To enhance the correction obtained with hybrid constructs, we perform concave rib head resection and convex costovertebral release as posterior release procedures. The objective of the study was to evaluate coronal and sagittal curve correction in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated with hybrid constructs combined with concave rib head resection and convex transverse process resection as posterior release procedures...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198779/genetic-variant-of-gpr126-gene-is-functionally-associated-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-chinese-population
#6
Xiaodong Qin, Leilei Xu, Chao Xia, Weiguo Zhu, Weixiang Sun, Zhen Liu, Yong Qiu, Zezhang Zhu
STUDY DESIGN: A genetic association study of GPR126 gene with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in the Chinese population. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether rs9403380, rs6570507 and rs7774095 of GPR126 gene are susceptible locus of AIS and to further determine the functional variants regulating gene expression in tissues of AIS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies have identified several new susceptibility locus for AIS in GPR126 gene...
February 14, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196030/physical-activities-and-lifestyle-factors-related-to-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#7
Kota Watanabe, Takehiro Michikawa, Ikuho Yonezawa, Masashi Takaso, Shohei Minami, Shigeru Soshi, Takashi Tsuji, Eijiro Okada, Katsumi Abe, Masamichi Takahashi, Keiko Asakura, Yuji Nishiwaki, Morio Matsumoto
BACKGROUND: In addition to genetic factors, environmental and lifestyle factors are thought to play an important role in the onset of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). This cross-sectional study was conducted to explore lifestyle factors related to AIS. METHODS: This study included 2,759 Japanese female junior high school students who planned a secondary screening after an initial moiré topography screening indicated possible scoliosis. The students and their mothers, or guardians, were asked to fill out a questionnaire consisting of 38 questions about demographic factors, lifestyle-related factors, social factors, household environment, participation in sports, health status, and factors related to the mother's pregnancy and delivery...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190379/the-turkish-version-of-the-brace-questionnaire-in-brace-treated-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis
#8
Gözde Gür, Yavuz Yakut, Theo Grivas
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the effects of brace treatment on quality of life in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is important. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Brace Questionnaire. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study, evaluation of reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Brace Questionnaire. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients undergoing brace treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (median age: 14...
February 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187071/genetic-polymorphism-of-lbx1-is-associated-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-northern-chinese-han-population
#9
Sen Liu, Nan Wu, Yuzhi Zuo, Yangzhong Zhou, Jiaqi Liu, Zhenlei Liu, Weisheng Chen, Gang Liu, Yixin Chen, Jia Chen, Mao Lin, Yanxue Zhao, Yue Ming, Tangmi Yuan, Xiao Li, Zenan Xia, Xu Yang, Yufen Ma, Jianguo Zhang, Jianxiong Shen, Shugang Li, Yipeng Wang, Hong Zhao, Keyi Yu, Yu Zhao, Xisheng Weng, Guixing Qiu, Zhihong Wu
STUDY DESIGN: A case-control association study was performed to investigate the relationship between LBX1 and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in Northern Chinese Han population. OBJECTIVE: To explore the prevalence and functional importance of LBX1 polymorphisms in AIS patients within the Northern Chinese Han population. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: AIS is the most common subtype of idiopathic scoliosis. Genetic factors such as LBX1 polymorphisms have been recently proved to be associated with AIS in some populations...
February 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186473/minimally-invasive-scoliosis-surgery-assisted-by-o-arm-navigation-for-lenke-type-5c-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-comparison-with-standard-open-approach-spinal-instrumentation
#10
Weiguo Zhu, Weixiang Sun, Leilei Xu, Xu Sun, Zhen Liu, Yong Qiu, Zezhang Zhu
OBJECTIVE Recently, minimally invasive scoliosis surgery (MISS) was introduced for the correction of adult scoliosis. Multiple benefits including a good deformity correction rate and fewer complications have been demonstrated. However, few studies have reported on the use of MISS for the management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). The purpose of this study was to investigate the outcome of posterior MISS assisted by O-arm navigation for the correction of Lenke Type 5C AIS. METHODS The authors searched a database for all patients with AIS who had been treated with either MISS or PSF between November 2012 and January 2014...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180978/3d-rod-shape-changes-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-instrumentation-how-much-does-it-impact-correction
#11
Franck Le Navéaux, Carl-Eric Aubin, Stefan Parent, Peter O Newton, Hubert Labelle
PURPOSE: Flattening of rods is known to reduce the correction capability of the instrumentation, but has not been studied in 3D. The aim is to evaluate the rods shape 3D changes during and immediately after instrumentation, and its effect on 3D correction. METHODS: The 5.5 mm CoCr rods of 35 right thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients were measured from rod tracings prior to insertion, and reconstructed in 3D from bi-planar radiographs taken intra-operatively after the correction maneuvers and 1 week post-operatively...
February 8, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177174/a-case-controlled-comparison-of-postoperative-analgesic-dosing-between-girls-with-rett-syndrome-and-girls-with-and-without-developmental-disability-undergoing-spinal-fusion-surgery
#12
Chantel C Barney, Alyssa M Merbler, Kelsey Quest, Breanne J Byiers, George L Wilcox, Scott Schwantes, Samuel A Roiko, Timothy Feyma, Arthur Beisang, Frank J Symons
BACKGROUND: Rett syndrome is associated with severe motor and communicative impairment making optimal postoperative pain management a challenge. There are case reports documenting reduced postoperative analgesic requirement in Rett syndrome. AIM: The goal of this preliminary investigation was to compare postoperative analgesic management among a sample of girls with Rett syndrome compared to girls with and without developmental disability undergoing spinal fusion surgery...
February 8, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175405/128%C3%A2-application-of-cortical-bone-trajectory-instrumentation-for-juvenile-and-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#13
Vishal J Patel, Sohum K Desai, Ken Maynard, Randall Zain Allison, Thomas Frank, Daniel Branch, Aaron Mohanty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169958/cardiorespiratory-function-does-not-improve-two-years-after-posterior-surgical-correction-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#14
Alejandro Lorente, Carlos Barrios, Jesús Burgos, Eduardo Hevia, Luis Fernández-Pineda, Rafael Lorente, Bárbara Rosa, Cristina Pérez-Encinas
STUDY DESIGN: A prospective evaluation of cardiorespiratory function following spinal fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cardiopulmonary function during exercise in patients with severe AIS, before and two years after undergoing a posterior spinal fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: After surgical correction of scoliosis, a greater cardiorespiratory adaptation to exercise would be expected from correction of the rib cage associated with the spine deformity...
February 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169957/comparison-of-surgical-outcome-of-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-and-young-adult-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-match-pair-analysis-of-160-patients
#15
Feng Zhu, Hongda Bao, Peng Yan, Shunan Liu, Zezhang Zhu, Zhen Liu, Mike Bao, Yong Qiu
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study OBJECTIVE.: To investigate if the surgical outcome of young adults was equivalent to adolescents for surgical correction of thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Despite numerous reports on the satisfactory surgical correction, some AIS patients or families still have the assumption that delay of surgery into young adulthood may be more beneficial. Hence, the strict paired analysis of clinical outcome between AIS and adult idiopathic scoliosis (AdIS) is required, which lacks report in the current literatures...
February 6, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168346/overweight-is-not-predictive-of-bracing-failure-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-results-from-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Fabio Zaina, Sabrina Donzelli, Stefano Negrini
PURPOSE: Overweight was found to be a negative predictor of brace effectiveness for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), with a threefold higher risk of progression than in normal weight patients. The aim of this study is to investigate overweight, as a predictor of brace results in AIS patients. METHODS: Design: retrospective cohort study. POPULATION: 351 AIS patients (306 females), mean age 12.9 ± 1.4, mean Cobb 35.6 ± 11.4°, mean ATR 11 ± 4...
February 6, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164082/semiautomated-3d-spine-reconstruction-from-biplanar-radiographic-images-prediction-of-intervertebral-loading-in-scoliotic-subjects
#17
Tito Bassani, Claudia Ottardi, Francesco Costa, Marco Brayda-Bruno, Hans-Joachim Wilke, Fabio Galbusera
The present study proposes a semiautomatic software approach to reconstruct 3D subject-specific musculoskeletal model of thoracolumbar spine from radiographic digitized images acquired with EOS system. The approach is applied to evaluate the intervertebral loads in 38 standing adolescents with mild idiopathic scoliosis. For each vertebra, a set of landmarks was manually identified on radiographic images. The landmark coordinates were processed to calculate the following vertebral geometrical properties in the 3D space (i) location (ii) dimensions; and (iii) rotations...
2017: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156215/does-higher-screw-density-improve-radiographic-and-clinical-outcomes-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-systematic-review-and-pooled-analysis
#18
Ming Luo, Wengang Wang, Mingkui Shen, Xin Luo, Lei Xia
OBJECTIVE The radiographic and clinical outcomes of low-density (LD) versus high-density (HD) screw constructs in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated with all-pedicle screw constructs are still controversial. A systematic review and pooled analysis were performed to compare radiographic, perioperative, and quality-of-life (QOL) outcomes and complications in patients with moderate AIS treated with LD or HD screw constructs. METHODS The MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched for English-language articles addressing LD versus HD screw constructs in AIS patients treated with all-pedicle screw constructs...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152019/3d-modeling-of-the-spine-using-eos-imaging-system-inter-reader-reproducibility-and-reliability
#19
Johannes Rehm, Thomas Germann, Michael Akbar, Wojciech Pepke, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Marc-André Weber, Daniel Spira
OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively assess the interreader reproducibility and reliability of EOS 3D full spine reconstructions in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: 73 patients with mean age of 17 years and a moderate AIS (median Cobb Angle 18.2°) obtained low-dose standing biplanar radiographs with EOS. Two independent readers performed "full spine" 3D reconstructions of the spine with the "full-spine" method adjusting the bone contour of every thoracic and lumbar vertebra (Th1-L5)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150052/a-histomorphometric-study-of-the-cancellous-spinal-process-bone-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#20
Hironori Tanabe, Yoichi Aota, Naoyuki Nakamura, Tomoyuki Saito
PURPOSE: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity with increased risk of osteopenia of unknown etiology. This study examined the dynamic histomorphometry of AIS patients to gain insight into the underlying pathogenesis of bone metabolism changes in AIS. METHODS: Bone histomorphometry of the spinous process of the 12th thoracic vertebra was analyzed in 33 AIS patients and compared to age-matched normative data. Patients were classified into bone turnover subgroups, based on bone formation rate...
February 1, 2017: European Spine Journal
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