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Annonacin AND Paw Paw

G X Zhao, M J Rieser, Y H Hui, L R Miesbauer, D L Smith, J L McLaughlin
In continuing our research with cytotoxic and pesticidal components from the stem bark of the North American paw paw, Asimina triloba, the novel cytotoxic monotetrahydrofuran Annonaceous acetogenins, cis- and trans-annonacin-A-one, cis- and trans-gigantetrocinone and cis-isoannonacin, in addition to the known compounds, trans-isoannonacin and squamolone, have been identified. Brine shrimp lethality testing was used to direct the fractionation. The structures were elucidated by spectral analysis and/or chemical synthesis...
July 1993: Phytochemistry
Q Ye, L Zeng, Y Zhang, G X Zhao, J L McLaughlin, M H Woo, D R Evert
Longicin [1] and (2,4-cis and trans)-goniothalamicinone [2], two new monotetrahydrofuran Annonaceous acetogenins, have been isolated from the leaves and twigs of Asimina longifolia (the long leaf paw paw) by the use of the brine shrimp lethality test for bioactivity-directed fractionation. The structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic and chemical methods. Compound 1 was converted to its ketolactone isomer, (2,4-cis and trans)-longicinone [3], to aid the stereochemical elucidation of 1. Compounds 1-3 showed selective and potent cytotoxicities to certain human tumor cell lines, with the potency of 1 against pancreatic carcinoma (PaCa-2) over one million times that of adriamycin...
September 1995: Journal of Natural Products
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