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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531133/urban-rural-disparities-in-energy-intake-and-contribution-of-fat-and-animal-source-foods-in-chinese-children-aged-4-17-years
#1
Ji Zhang, Dantong Wang, Alison L Eldridge, Feifei Huang, Yifei Ouyang, Huijun Wang, Bing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Excessive energy intake and poor food choices are major health concerns associated with overweight and obesity risk. This study aims to explore disparities in energy intake and the contributions from fat and animal source foods among Chinese school-aged children and adolescents in different communities based on urbanization levels. DESIGN: Three consecutive 24 h recalls were used to assess dietary intake. Subjects' height and weight were measured using standard equipment...
May 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530040/adolescents-with-hiv-and-transition-to-adult-care-in-the-caribbean-central-america-and-south-america-eastern-europe-and-asia-and-pacific-regions
#2
Heather Bailey, Maria Letícia Santos Cruz, Wipaporn Natalie Songtaweesin, Thanyawee Puthanakit
INTRODUCTION: The HIV epidemics in the Caribbean, Central America and South America (CCASA), Eastern Europe (EE) and Asia and Pacific (AP) regions are diverse epidemics affecting different key populations in predominantly middle-income countries. This narrative review describes the populations of HIV-positive youth approaching adolescence and adulthood in CCASA, EE and AP, what is known of their outcomes in paediatric and adult care to date, ongoing research efforts and future research priorities...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528170/disparities-in-digital-reporting-of-illness-a-demographic-and-socioeconomic-assessment
#3
Samuel Henly, Gaurav Tuli, Sheryl Kluberg, Jared B Hawkins, Quynh Nguyen, Aranka Anema, Adyasha Maharana, John S Brownstein, Elaine O Nsoesie
Although digital reports of disease are currently used by public health officials for disease surveillance and decision making, little is known about environmental factors and compositional characteristics that may influence reporting patterns. The objective of this study is to quantify the association between climate, demographic and socio-economic factors on digital reporting of disease at the US county level. We reference approximately 1.5 million foodservice business reviews between 2004 and 2014, and use census data, machine learning methods and regression models to assess whether digital reporting of disease is associated with climate, socio-economic and demographic factors...
May 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527104/low-income-as-a-multiplicative-risk-factor-for-oral-pain-and-dental-problems-among-u-s-veteran-smokers
#4
Terrell A Hicks, Sarah M Wilson, Shaun P Thomas, Paul A Dennis, Julia M Neal, Patrick S Calhoun
PURPOSE: Compared to the United States (U.S.) general population, military veterans are at an increased risk of experiencing dental problems. This study documented associations between cigarette use and measures of dental/oral concern in a population of U.S. veterans who served in Iraq and Afghanistan. METHOD: A cross-sectional analysis of survey data from the Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans Health and Needs Study, a study of U...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527093/income-disparities-in-healthcare-use-remain-after-controlling-for-healthcare-need-evidence-from-swedish-register-data-on-psoriasis-and-psoriatic-arthritis
#5
Sofia Löfvendahl, Anna Jöud, Ingemar F Petersson, Elke Theander, Åke Svensson, Katarina Steen Carlsson
We used a southern Swedish cohort of psoriasis (PSO) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients and population-based referents (N = 57,800) to investigate the influence of socioeconomic and demographic factors on the probability of healthcare use and on healthcare costs when controlling for need as measured by PSO/PsA and common additional morbidities such as diabetes, depression and myocardial infarction. People with PSO/PsA were identified by ICD-10 codes in the Skåne Healthcare Register 1998-2007. Resource use and costs for years 2008-2011 were retrieved from the Skåne Healthcare Register and the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register, and socioeconomic data were retrieved from Statistics Sweden...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521177/how-community-level-social-and-economic-developments-have-changed-the-patterns-of-substance-use-in-a-transition-economy
#6
Xiaozhao Y Yang
Most social changes take place at the community level before indirectly affecting individuals. Although the contextual effect is far-reaching, few studies have investigated the important questions of: how do community-level developments affect drinking and smoking, and how do they change the existing gender and income patterns of drinking and smoking, particularly in transition economies? In this study, I used a Chinese panel dataset between 1991 and 2011 to reveal the moderating effects of community developments...
May 15, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515191/socially-disparate-trends-in-lifespan-variation-a-trend-study-on-income-and-mortality-based-on-nationwide-danish-register-data
#7
Henrik Brønnum-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Social inequality trends in life expectancy are not informative as to changes in social disparity in the age-at-death distribution. The purpose of the study was to investigate social differentials in trends and patterns of adult mortality in Denmark. METHODS: Register data on income and mortality from 1986 to 2014 were used to investigate trends in life expectancy, life disparity and the threshold age that separates 'premature' and 'late' deaths. Mortality compression was quantified and compared between income quartiles...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515114/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-disparities-in-the-united-states
#8
Audrey L Blewer, Said A Ibrahim, Marion Leary, David Dutwin, Bryan McNally, Monique L Anderson, Laurie J Morrison, Tom P Aufderheide, Mohamud Daya, Ahamed H Idris, Clifton W Callaway, Peter J Kudenchuk, Gary M Vilke, Benjamin S Abella
BACKGROUND: Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with increased survival from cardiac arrest, yet bystander CPR rates are low in many communities. The overall prevalence of CPR training in the United States and associated individual-level disparities are unknown. We sought to measure the national prevalence of CPR training and hypothesized that older age and lower socioeconomic status would be independently associated with a lower likelihood of CPR training. METHODS AND RESULTS: We administered a cross-sectional telephone survey to a nationally representative adult sample...
May 17, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511682/inequities-in-coverage-of-smokefree-space-policies-within-the-united-states
#9
Christopher Lowrie, Amber L Pearson, George Thomson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found extensive geographic and demographic differences in tobacco use. These differences have been found to be reduced by effective public policies, including banning smoking in public spaces. Smokefree indoor and outdoor spaces reduce secondhand smoke exposure and denormalize smoking. METHODS: We evaluated regional and demographic differences in the proportion of the population covered by smokefree policies enacted in the United States prior to 2014, for both adults and children...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495106/israel-health-and-beyond
#10
REVIEW
Karl Skorecki, Richard Horton
The principle that global human identity and dignity supersede other values is a broadly accepted conviction that guides practice and policies in the realm of human health in most of the world. An assessment of the level of success that Israel has achieved in health, in the face of formidable challenges, including rapid population growth, diverse and often divided ethnic affiliations, and existential security threats, leads us to propose that extension of this principle of global human identity and dignity, together with the objective of a decent society, as overriding values beyond health to other domains of human endeavour within Israel and in its relations with neighbouring peoples, represents an entirely achievable imperative...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492762/equity-in-out-of-pocket-payment-in-chile
#11
Alicia Lorena Núñez Mondaca, Chunhuei Chi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the distribution of financial burden in Chile, with a focus on the burden and progressivity of out-of-pocket payment. METHODS: Based on the principle of ability to pay, we explore factors that contribute to inequities in the health system finance and issues about the burden of out-of-pocket payment, as well as the progressivity and redistributive effect of out-of-pocket payment in Chile. Our analysis is based on data from the 2006 National Survey on Satisfaction and Out-of-Pocket Payments...
May 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491205/food-insecurity-among-american-indians-and-alaska-natives-a-national-profile-using-the-current-population-survey-food-security-supplement
#12
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Kimberly R Huyser, Jimmy Valdes, Vanessa Watts Simonds
Food insecurity increases the risk for obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and cancer-conditions highly prevalent among American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). Using the Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement, we analyzed the food insecurity trends of AI/ANs compared to other racial and ethnic groups in the United States from 2000 to 2010. From 2000 to 2010, 25% of AI/ANs remained consistently food insecure and AI/ANs were twice as likely to be food insecure compared to whites. Urban AI/ANs were more likely to experience food insecurity than rural AI/ANs...
2017: Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486522/impact-of-geographic-accessibility-on-utilization-of-the-annual-health-check-ups-by-income-level-in-japan-a-multilevel-analysis
#13
Misuzu Fujita, Yasunori Sato, Kengo Nagashima, Sho Takahashi, Akira Hata
Although both geographic accessibility and socioeconomic status have been indicated as being important factors for the utilization of health care services, their combined effect has not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to reveal whether an income-dependent difference in the impact of geographic accessibility on the utilization of government-led annual health check-ups exists. Existing data collected and provided by Chiba City Hall were employed and analyzed as a retrospective cohort study. The subjects were 166,966 beneficiaries of National Health Insurance in Chiba City, Japan, aged 40 to 74 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486206/ethnic-group-socioeconomic-status-as-an-indicator-of-community-level-disadvantage-a-study-of-overweight-obesity-in-asian-american-adolescents
#14
Won Kim Cook, Winston Tseng, Christina Tam, Iyanrick John, Camillia Lui
Asian American children and adolescents are an under-investigated subpopulation in obesity research. Informed by a wide socioeconomic diversity among Asian American ethnic groups, this study explored ethnic-group socioeconomic status (SES) as an indicator of community-level disadvantage that may influence overweight/obesity in Asian American adolescents. We hypothesized that ethnic-group SES was inversely associated with overweight/obesity in Asian American adolescents. Multiple logistic regression models were fitted using a sample of 1525 Asian American adolescents ages 12-17 from pooled 2007-2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) data...
April 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484140/association-between-income-inequality-and-dental-status-in-japanese-older-adults-analysis-of-data-from-jages2013
#15
Atsushi Tashiro, Jun Aida, Yugo Shobugawa, Yuki Fujiyama, Tatsuo Yamamoto, Reiko Saito, Katsunori Kondo
Objectives Personal income affects dental status in older people. However, the impact of income inequality on dental status at the community level (junior high school district) is unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between dental status and community level income inequity after adjust for individual socio-economic status in Japanese older adults, and to verify the relative income hypothesis, also known as the Wilkinson hypothesis.Methods We used data from the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES) conducted in Niigata city...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483026/influencing-factors-of-stunting-in-children-under-5-years-old-in-jilin-province-2013
#16
Ying Wang, Yonghuan He, Qijun Zhang, Qiuyan Wang, Xinglin Feng
Objective To analyze the influencing factors of stunting in children under 5 years old in Jilin province in 2013,with an attempt to further improve the nutrition status among children. Methods Data on stunting in children under 5 years old in Jilin province were extracted from the National Health Services Survey 2013 in Jilin province. The influencing factors of stunting were analyzed by using univariate analysis and Logistic regression analysis.. Results The stunting prevalence in children under 5 years old was 23...
April 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482828/health-beliefs-illness-perceptions-and-determinants-of-breast-screening-uptake-in-malta-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Danika Marmarà, Vincent Marmarà, Gill Hubbard
BACKGROUND: Women's beliefs and representations of breast cancer (BC) and breast screening (BS) are salient predictors for BS practices. This study utilized the health belief model (HBM) and common-sense model (CSM) of illness self-regulation to explore factors associated with BS uptake in Malta and subsequently, to identify the most important predictors to first screening uptake. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey enrolled Maltese women (n = 404) ages 50 to 60 at the time of their first screening invitation, invited to the National Breast Screening Programme by stratified random sampling, with no personal history of BC...
May 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482797/association-of-cumulative-social-risk-with-mortality-and-adverse-cardiovascular-disease-outcomes
#18
Sebhat Erqou, Justin B Echouffo-Tcheugui, Kevin E Kip, Aryan Aiyer, Steven E Reis
BACKGROUND: Quantifying the cumulative effect of social risk factors on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk can help to better understand the sources of disparities in health outcomes. METHOD AND RESULTS: Data from the Heart Strategies Concentrating on Risk Evaluation (HeartSCORE) study were used to create an index of cumulative social risk (CSR) and quantify its association with incident CVD and all-cause mortality. CSR was defined by assigning a score of 1 for the presence of each of 4 social factors: i) racial minority status (Black race), ii) single living status, iii) low income, and iv) low educational level...
May 8, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482732/relation-of-socioeconomic-status-to-overweight-and-obesity-a-large-population-based-study-of-chinese-adults
#19
Hua Zhang, Hui Xu, Fei Song, Weili Xu, Stephanie Pallard-Borg, Xiuying Qi
BACKGROUND: China has been going through significant changes in social and economical aspects and with great socioeconomic disparity in different regions. However, data on the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and obesity are not available in Tianjin, China. AIM: We aimed to investigate the association between SES and high adiposity among the adult population in Tianjin. SUBJECTS & METHODS: A total of 7351 individuals aged 20-79 were included in this study...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480528/socioeconomic-status-contributes-to-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-among-women-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#20
Elianna T Kaplowitz, Sancia Ferguson, Marta Guerra, Carl A Laskin, Jill P Buyon, Michelle Petri, Michael D Lockshin, Lisa R Sammaritano, D Ware Branch, Joan T Merrill, Patricia Katz, Jane E Salmon
OBJECTIVE: We examined rates of adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) by race/ethnicity among women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), with and without anti-phospholipid antibodies (aPL), and whether socioeconomic status (SES) accounted for differences. METHODS: Data were from PROMISSE, a multi-center study that enrolled 346 patients with SLE and 62 patients with SLE and aPL (50% White, 20% Black, 17% Hispanic, 12% Asian/Pacific Islander). Measures of SES were educational attainment, median community income, and community education...
May 8, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
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