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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538868/comparative-analysis-of-death-by-suicide-in-brazil-and-in-the-united-states-descriptive-cross-sectional-time-series-study
#1
Alexander Abuabara, Allan Abuabara, Carin Albino Luçolli Tonchuk
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization recognizes suicide as a public health priority. Increased knowledge of suicide risk factors is needed in order to be able to adopt effective prevention strategies. The aim of this study was to analyze and compare the association between the Gini coefficient (which is used to measure inequality) and suicide death rates over a 14-year period (2000-2013) in Brazil and in the United States (US). The hypothesis put forward was that reduction of income inequality is accompanied by reduction of suicide rates...
March 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534061/educational-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-across-us-states-and-european-countries
#2
Patrick Präg, S V Subramanian
OBJECTIVES: The US shows a distinct health disadvantage when compared to other high-income nations. A potential lever to reduce this disadvantage is to improve the health situation of lower socioeconomic groups. Our objective is to explore how the considerable within-US variation in health inequalities compares to the health inequalities across other Western countries. METHODS: Representative survey data from 44 European countries and the US federal states were obtained from the fourth wave of the European Values Study (EVS) and the 2008 wave of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533104/seasonal-influenza-vaccine-uptake-among-people-with-disabilities-a-nationwide-population-study-of-disparities-by-type-of-disability-and-socioeconomic-status-in-france
#3
Aurélie Bocquier, Lisa Fressard, Alain Paraponaris, Bérengère Davin, Pierre Verger
People with disabilities use various preventive health services less frequently than others, notably because of a lower socioeconomic status (SES). We examined variations of seasonal influenza vaccine uptake according to type/severity of disability and SES. We analyzed (in 2016) data from the 2008 French national cross-sectional survey on health and disability (n=12,396 adults living in the community and belonging to target groups for seasonal influenza vaccination). We defined seasonal influenza vaccine uptake during the 2007-2008 season by the self-reporting of a flu shot between September 2007 and March 2008...
May 19, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529226/self-perceived-income-sufficiency-and-self-reported-income-level-among-a-health-inequity-population
#4
Yelena N Tarasenko, Nancy E Schoenberg
This study presents a dynamic approach to collecting income information. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 2,022 residents of historically underserved Appalachian Kentucky, an ideal location due to pervasive low income and our ability to control for potential confounders such as race/ethnicity and residential heterogeneity. In unadjusted analyses, nearly half of the sample indicated they struggled to meet their needs; 43% said they made just enough to get by; and 10% indicated they had more than they needed to live well...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528770/ethnic-variation-in-self-rated-health-mortality-association-results-from-a-17-year-follow-up-study-in-estonia
#5
Rainer Reile, Mall Leinsalu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Previous research has highlighted the role of self-rated health (SRH) as an important predictor of mortality. With substantial ethnic differences in SRH and mortality reported in Estonia, this study aims to examine the ethnic variation in SRH-mortality association in this setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The baseline data come from the nationally representative 1996 Estonian Health Interview Survey. Individual records of 3983 respondents in the 25-79 age group were linked with mortality data with 17 years follow-up time...
May 2, 2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523939/prevalence-of-psychological-distress-how-do-australia-and-canada-compare
#6
Joanne C Enticott, Elizabeth Lin, Frances Shawyer, Grant Russell, Brett Inder, Scott Patten, Graham Meadows
OBJECTIVE: To compare equivalent population-level mental health indicators in Canada and Australia, and articulate recommendations to support equitable mental health services. These are two somewhat similar resource-rich countries characterized by extensive non-metropolitan and rural regions as well as significant areas of socioeconomic deprivation. METHODS: A cross-national epidemiology and equity study: primary outcome was Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) in recent national surveys...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521753/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-neonatal-and-postneonatal-mortality-evidence-from-rural-iran-1998-2013
#7
Alireza Khajavi, Farhad Pishgar, Mina Dehghani, Shohreh Naderimagham
BACKGROUND: Over the past three decades, interventions have been implemented to reduce childhood mortality in Iran. Despite declines in overall mortality rates, inequalities in mortality across socioeconomic groups have remained unchanged. In this study, we assessed inequalities in infant mortality in rural regions of Iran. METHODS: We obtained data from the Iranian vital registration system, which includes data on 5,626,158 live births, 79,457 neonatal deaths, and 36,397 postneonatal deaths in rural areas of Iran over the course of a 16-year period, which was then divided into 4 four-year intervals...
May 18, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520949/socio-economic-inequalities-in-access-to-maternal-and-child-healthcare-in-nigeria-changes-over-time-and-decomposition-analysis
#8
Oludamilola Adeyanju, Sandy Tubeuf, Tim Ensor
This article examines socioeconomic inequalities in maternal and child health care in Nigeria over an 18-year period. Studies demonstrate that maternal and child mortality is much higher amongst the poor in low-income countries, with access to health care concentrated among the wealthiest. Evidence suggests that in Nigeria inequalities in access to quality services continue to persist. We use data from two rounds of the Nigerian Demographic and Heath Survey (NDHS) conducted in 1990 and 2008 and measure inequalities in maternal and child health care variables across socioeconomic status using concentration curves and indices...
May 17, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516263/-social-inequalities-in-the-prevalence-of-chronic-back-pain-among-adults-in-germany
#9
Benjamin Kuntz, Jens Hoebel, Judith Fuchs, Hanne Neuhauser, Thomas Lampert
BACKGROUND: Back pain is a common cause for health care utilization and inability to work and associated with corresponding costs. The aim of the study was to investigate socioeconomic inequalities in chronic back pain in the adult general population. METHODS: The analyses were based on pooled data of three waves (2009, 2010, 2012) of the nationwide German Health Update (GEDA) study carried out by the Robert Koch Institute (n = 62,606 aged 18 years and older)...
May 17, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515191/socially-disparate-trends-in-lifespan-variation-a-trend-study-on-income-and-mortality-based-on-nationwide-danish-register-data
#10
Henrik Brønnum-Hansen
BACKGROUND: Social inequality trends in life expectancy are not informative as to changes in social disparity in the age-at-death distribution. The purpose of the study was to investigate social differentials in trends and patterns of adult mortality in Denmark. METHODS: Register data on income and mortality from 1986 to 2014 were used to investigate trends in life expectancy, life disparity and the threshold age that separates 'premature' and 'late' deaths. Mortality compression was quantified and compared between income quartiles...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515188/trends-in-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-five-major-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-korean-population-a-cross-sectional-study-using-data-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2001-2014
#11
Yoon Jung Kim, Ji Sung Lee, Juri Park, Dong Seop Choi, Doo Man Kim, Kee-Hyoung Lee, Ho Yeon Kim, Sin Gon Kim, Juneyoung Lee
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends in socioeconomic inequalities in major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among the Korean population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A nationally representative population survey database. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 42 725 Koreans, aged 25-64 years, who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) II (2001) to VI (2013-2014). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Trends in socioeconomic inequalities in five major CVD risk factors (smoking, obesity, diabetes, hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia)...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513761/socioeconomic-determinants-of-access-to-health-services-among-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#12
Ana Paula Santana Coelho Almeida, Bruno Pereira Nunes, Suele Manjourany Silva Duro, Luiz Augusto Facchini
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the association between the socioeconomic characteristics and the access to or use of health services among older adults. METHODS: This is a systematic review of the literature. The search has been carried out in the databases PubMed, LILACS and Web of Science, without restriction of dates and languages; however we have included only articles published in Portuguese, English, and Spanish. The inclusion criteria were: observational design, socioeconomic factors as variables of interest in the analysis of the access to or use of health services among older adults, representative sample of the target population, adjustment for confounding factors, and no selection bias...
May 15, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511682/inequities-in-coverage-of-smokefree-space-policies-within-the-united-states
#13
Christopher Lowrie, Amber L Pearson, George Thomson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found extensive geographic and demographic differences in tobacco use. These differences have been found to be reduced by effective public policies, including banning smoking in public spaces. Smokefree indoor and outdoor spaces reduce secondhand smoke exposure and denormalize smoking. METHODS: We evaluated regional and demographic differences in the proportion of the population covered by smokefree policies enacted in the United States prior to 2014, for both adults and children...
May 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509420/the-magnitude-of-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-oral-health-inequalities-in-brazil-new-zealand-and-australia
#14
Helena S Schuch, Dandara G Haag, Kostas Kapellas, Rui Arantes, Marco A Peres, W M Thomson, Lisa M Jamieson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the magnitude of relative oral health inequalities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous persons from Brazil, New Zealand and Australia. METHODS: Data were from surveys in Brazil (2010), New Zealand (2009) and Australia (2004-06 and 2012). Participants were aged 35-44 years and 65-74 years. Indigenous and non-Indigenous inequalities were estimated by prevalence ratios (PR) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI), adjusting for sex, age and income...
May 16, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501944/sociodemographic-predictors-of-participation-in-colorectal-cancer-screening
#15
Ulrik Deding, Anna Sharon Henig, Ann Salling, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Henrik Bøggild
PURPOSE: Colorectal cancer screening by inviting citizens to complete a test for blood in faeces was initiated in Denmark in 2014. We have examined sociodemographic predictors that influence participation to identify factors that could be targeted to increase compliance. METHODS: National registers were used to link data on invitations for colorectal cancer screening in Denmark from 2014 to 2015. Region of residence, age, gender, immigration status, income, educational level and marital status were identified...
May 13, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501033/the-portuguese-version-of-the-european-deprivation-index-an-instrument-to-study-health-inequalities
#16
Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Alexandra Mayer, Ana Miranda, Maria Fátima Pina
INTRODUCTION: Tackling socioeconomic health inequalities is a big public health challenge and ecological deprivation indexes are essential instruments to monitor and understand them. In Portugal, no standard ecological deprivation index exists, contrasting with other countries. We aimed to describe the construction of the Portuguese version of a transnational deprivation index, European Deprivation Index. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The European Deprivation Index was developed under the Townsend theorization of deprivation...
January 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498342/income-related-inequalities-in-access-to-dental-care-services-in-japan
#17
Akemi Nishide, Misuzu Fujita, Yasunori Sato, Kengo Nagashima, Sho Takahashi, Akira Hata
Background: This study aimed to evaluate whether income-related inequalities in access to dental care services exist in Japan. Methods: The subjects included beneficiaries of the National Health Insurance (NHI) in Chiba City, Japan, who had been enrolled from 1 April 2014 to 31 March 2015. The presence or absence of dental visits and number of days spent on dental care services during the year were calculated using insurance claims submitted. Equivalent household income was calculated using individual income data from 1 January to 31 December 2013, declared for taxation...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497581/what-could-cognitive-capital-mean-for-china-s-children
#18
Douglas J Noble, Kathryn Martin, Lisa Qin, Pia Britto, Margo O'sullivan, Jillian Popkins, Ron Pouwels, Robert W Scherpbier, Rana Flowers
Cognitive capital is an emerging paradigm that captures the criticality of investing in children whilst neural proliferation and development of brain architecture are at their peak. Distinct from financial capital, cognitive capital represents investment in future human potential from interventions in nutrition, health, education, child protection, and social welfare systems that optimize brain development. The return on investment is significant given the plasticity of the developing brain in response to positive stimuli...
May 12, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495112/inequalities-in-non-communicable-diseases-between-the-major-population-groups-in-israel-achievements-and-challenges
#19
REVIEW
Khitam Muhsen, Manfred S Green, Varda Soskolne, Yehuda Neumark
Israel is a high-income country with an advanced health system and universal health-care insurance. Overall, the health status has improved steadily over recent decades. We examined differences in morbidity, mortality, and risk factors for selected non-communicable diseases (NCDs) between subpopulation groups. Between 1975 and 2014, life expectancy in Israel steadily increased and is currently above the average life expectancy for the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. Nevertheless, life expectancy has remained lower among Israeli Arabs than Israeli Jews, and this gap has recently widened...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495106/israel-health-and-beyond
#20
REVIEW
Karl Skorecki, Richard Horton
The principle that global human identity and dignity supersede other values is a broadly accepted conviction that guides practice and policies in the realm of human health in most of the world. An assessment of the level of success that Israel has achieved in health, in the face of formidable challenges, including rapid population growth, diverse and often divided ethnic affiliations, and existential security threats, leads us to propose that extension of this principle of global human identity and dignity, together with the objective of a decent society, as overriding values beyond health to other domains of human endeavour within Israel and in its relations with neighbouring peoples, represents an entirely achievable imperative...
May 5, 2017: Lancet
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