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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775833/community-social-capital-and-inequality-in-depressive-symptoms-among-older-japanese-adults-a-multilevel-study
#1
Maho Haseda, Naoki Kondo, Daisuke Takagi, Katsunori Kondo
Although studies have suggested that community social capital contributes to narrow income-based inequality in depression, the impacts may depend on its components. Our multilevel cross-sectional analysis of data from 42,208 men and 45,448 women aged 65 years or older living in 565 school districts in Japan found that higher community-level civic participation (i.e., average levels of group participation in the community) was positively associated with the prevalence of depressive symptoms among the low-income groups, independent of individual levels of group participation...
May 15, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770728/disability-pathways-preceding-death-in-england-by-socio-economic-status
#2
Cecilia Potente, Christiaan Monden
The role of socio-economic status (SES) in the last years of life is an under-researched aspect of health inequalities. This study examines disability patterns preceding death using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. We use repeated measures latent class analysis to identify the most common pathways preceding death in terms of walking ability and limitations in activities of daily living. Three pathways emerge: one characterized by consistently low disability; a second by a constant high level of functional limitations; and a third by medium impairment...
May 17, 2018: Population Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769135/health-inequalities-between-employed-and-unemployed-in-northern-sweden-a-decomposition-analysis-of-social-determinants-for-mental-health
#3
Anna Brydsten, Anne Hammarström, Miguel San Sebastian
BACKGROUND: Even though population health is strongly influenced by employment and working conditions, public health research has to a lesser extent explored the social determinants of health inequalities between people in different positions on the labour market, and whether these social determinants vary across the life course. This study analyses mental health inequalities between unemployed and employed in three age groups (youth, adulthood and mid-life), and identifies the extent to which social determinants explain the mental health gap between employed and unemployed in northern Sweden...
May 16, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768587/-access-to-prenatal-care-and-quality-of-care-in-the-family-health-strategy-infrastructure-care-and-management
#4
Wilderi Sidney Gonçalves Guimarães, Rosana Cristina Pereira Parente, Thayanne Louzada Ferreira Guimarães, Luiza Garnelo
This study focuses on access to prenatal care and quality of care in the Family Health Strategy in Brazil as a whole and in the North region, through evaluation of infrastructure characteristics in the health units, management, and supply of care provided by the teams, from the perspective of regional and state inequalities. A cross-sectional evaluative and normative study was performed, drawing on the external evaluation component of the second round of the Program for Improvement of Access and Quality of Primary Care, in 2013-2014...
May 10, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765936/parental-socioeconomic-status-and-weight-faltering-in-infants-in-japan
#5
Yuko Kachi, Takeo Fujiwara, Yui Yamaoka, Tsuguhiko Kato
Background: Previous studies in the UK and Denmark found no significant association between low socioeconomic status (SES) and weight faltering. However, to our knowledge, there are no studies from other developed countries. We examined the association between parental SES and weight faltering in infants up to 1.5 years of age, and investigated whether the inequalities changed between 2001 and 2010 in Japan. Methods: We used data from two Japanese population-based birth cohorts started in 2001 ( n = 34,594) and 2010 ( n = 21,189)...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764278/eating-well-living-well-and-weight-management-a-co-produced-semi-qualitative-study-of-barriers-and-facilitators-experienced-by-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#6
A J Doherty, S P Jones, U Chauhan, Jme Gibson
Adults with intellectual disabilities in England experience health inequalities. They are more likely than their non-disabled peers to be obese and at risk of serious medical conditions such as heart disease, stroke and type 2 diabetes. This semi-qualitative study engaged adults with intellectual disabilities in a co-production process to explore their perceived barriers and facilitators to eating well, living well and weight management. Nineteen participants with intellectual disabilities took part in four focus groups and one wider group discussion...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763786/born-equal-the-distribution-of-government-medicare-spending-for-children
#7
Kim M Dalziel, Li Huang, Harriet Hiscock, Philip M Clarke
Providing equitable care is an objective of many national healthcare systems. Using the birth cohort of the nationally representative Longitudinal Study of Australian Children linked with the Medicare Benefits Scheme billing data who were recruited in 2004 at ages 0-1 years and assessed biennially for six waves, we assessed the distribution of out-of-hospital government Medicare spending by household income. 4853 children followed over 11 years were included in the study. Distributions of major spending components including general practitioner and specialist care were assessed using concentration indices...
April 25, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762741/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-health-inequality
#8
Andrea E Willson, Kim M Shuey
Objectives: Empirical investigations of cumulative dis/advantage typically treat health inequality as an intra-individual process rooted in early-life conditions and operating within the span of the individual life course, while literature on processes of intergenerational transmission has historically focused on socioeconomic mobility, largely overlooking health. The current study examines the persistence of work disability across generations and multiple explanations for this relationship, including the role of early life disadvantage, childhood health, educational attainment, and social mobility...
May 14, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762708/the-impact-of-cash-transfers-on-social-determinants-of-health-and-health-inequalities-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#9
Ebenezer Owusu-Addo, Andre M N Renzaho, Ben J Smith
Cash transfers (CTs) are now high on the agenda of most governments in low- and middle-income countries. Within the field of health promotion, CTs constitute a healthy public policy initiative as they have the potential to address the social determinants of health (SDoH) and health inequalities. A systematic review was conducted to synthesise the evidence on CTs' impacts on SDoH and health inequalities in sub-Saharan Africa, and to identify the barriers and facilitators of effective CTs. Twenty-one electronic databases and the websites of 14 key organizations were searched in addition to grey literature and hand searching of selected journals for quantitative and qualitative studies on CTs' impacts on SDoH and health outcomes...
June 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761348/deprivation-is-associated-with-worse-physical-and-mental-health-beyond-income-poverty-a-population-based-household-survey-among-chinese-adults
#10
Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Gary Ka-Ki Chung, David Gordon, Samuel Yeung-Shan Wong, Dicken Chan, Maggie Ka-Wai Lau, Vera Mun-Yu Tang, Hung Wong
PURPOSE: In studying health inequality, poverty as measured by income is frequently used; however, this omits the aspects of non-monetary resources and social barriers to achieving improved living standard. Therefore, our study aimed to examine the associations of individual-level deprivation of material and social necessities with general physical and mental health beyond that of income poverty. METHODS: A territory-wide two-stage stratified random sample of 2282 community-dwelling Hong Kong adults was surveyed between 2014 and 2015...
May 14, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753052/fruit-and-vegetable-intake-influence-of-perceived-food-environment-and-self-efficacy
#11
Mariana Carvalho Menezes, Ana Victoria Diez Roux, Aline Cristine Souza Lopes
OBJECTIVE: Identify the effects of food environment and self-efficacy perceptions on fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a representative sample population from a public health service in a Brazilian city. Participants (3414) aged ≥20 years were recruited from 18 Health Academy Program centres via stratified cluster sampling. Perceptions of the food environment were measured by survey; participants indicated how confident they were about FV availability in their food environment...
May 9, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750787/distributional-change-of-women-s-adult-height-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-over-the-past-half-century-an-observational-study-using-cross-sectional-survey-data
#12
Jewel Gausman, Ivan Meija Guevara, S V Subramanian, Fahad Razak
BACKGROUND: Adult height reflects childhood circumstances and is associated with health, longevity, and maternal-fetal outcomes. Mean height is an important population metric, and declines in height have occurred in several low- and middle-income countries, especially in Africa, over the last several decades. This study examines changes at the population level in the distribution of height over time across a broad range of low- and middle-income countries during the past half century...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750241/exploring-privilege-in-the-digital-divide-implications-for-theory-policy-and-practice
#13
Mei Lan Fang, Sarah L Canham, Lupin Battersby, Judith Sixsmith, Mineko Wada, Andrew Sixsmith
Background and Objectives: The digital revolution has resulted in innovative solutions and technologies that can support the well-being, independence, and health of seniors. Yet, the notion of the "digital divide" presents significant inequities in terms of who accesses and benefits from the digital landscape. To better understand the social and structural inequities of the digital divide, a realist synthesis was conducted to inform theoretical understandings of information and communication technologies (ICTs); to understand the practicalities of access and use inequities; to uncover practices that facilitate digital literacy and participation; and to recommend policies to mitigate the digital divide...
May 10, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746489/number-of-remaining-teeth-and-its-association-with-socioeconomic-status-in-south-korean-adults-data-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2012-2013
#14
Yang Hyun Kim, Kyungdo Han, David Vu, Kyung-Hwan Cho, Sang Hwa Lee
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with systemic disease and influences oral and general health. Several studies have found inequalities associated with oral health and SES. We examined the relationship between tooth loss and SES in Korean adults using data from the 2012-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Methods: A total of 7,005 participants were included in this study. Subjects were divided into two groups depending on their total number of natural teeth: <20 and ≥20...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737809/associations-between-socioeconomic-status-and-overweight-among-urban-children-aged-7-12-years-in-chengdu-southwest-china
#15
Junya Zhai, Hongmei Xue, Jiao Luo, Lishi Zhang, Guo Cheng
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Income inequality in China has risen steadily over the past decades. This study explored the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and overweight among urban children aged 7-12 years in Chengdu, a comparatively prosperous metropolis city located in "the West China", the backward, less developed region of China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 2013 among urban children aged 7-12 years old in Chengdu city...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737188/the-color-of-death-race-observed-skin-tone-and-all-cause-mortality-in-the-united-states
#16
Quincy Thomas Stewart, Ryon J Cobb, Verna M Keith
OBJECTIVE: This paper examines how mortality covaries with observed skin tone among blacks and in relation to whites. Additionally, the study analyzes the extent to which social factors such as socioeconomic status affect this relationship. DESIGN: This study uses data from the 1982 General Social Survey (N = 1,689) data linked to the National Death Index until 2008. We use this data to examine the links between race, observed skin tone among blacks, and all-cause mortality...
May 8, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736930/can-cultural-consumption-increase-future-earnings-exploring-the-economic-returns-to-cultural-capital
#17
Aaron Reeves, Robert de Vries
Cultural consumption is often viewed as a form of embodied cultural capital which can be converted into economic rewards (e.g., earnings) because such practices increase the likelihood of moving into more advantaged social positions. However, quantitative evidence supporting this theory remains uncertain because it is often unable to rule out alternative explanations. Cultural consumption appears to influence hiring decisions in some elite firms, in both the US and the UK, but it is unclear whether these processes are applicable to other professional occupations and other labour market processes, such as promotions...
May 7, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727458/access-to-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-infected-children-aged-0-19-years-in-the-international-epidemiology-databases-to-evaluate-aids-iedea-global-cohort-consortium-2004-2015-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Sophie Desmonde, Franck Tanser, Rachel Vreeman, Elom Takassi, Andrew Edmonds, Pagakrong Lumbiganon, Jorge Pinto, Karen Malateste, Catherine McGowan, Azar Kariminia, Marcel Yotebieng, Fatoumata Dicko, Constantin Yiannoutsos, Mwangelwa Mubiana-Mbewe, Kara Wools-Kaloustian, Mary-Ann Davies, Valériane Leroy
INTRODUCTION: Access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a global priority. However, the attrition across the continuum of care for HIV-infected children between their HIV diagnosis and ART initiation is not well known. We analyzed the time from enrollment into HIV care to ART initiation in HIV-infected children within the International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) Global Cohort Consortium. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We included 135,479 HIV-1-infected children, aged 0-19 years and ART-naïve at enrollment, between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2015, in IeDEA cohorts from Central Africa (3 countries; n = 4,948), East Africa (3 countries; n = 22,827), West Africa (7 countries; n = 7,372), Southern Africa (6 countries; n = 93,799), Asia-Pacific (6 countries; n = 4,045), and Latin America (7 countries; n = 2,488)...
May 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726691/chronic-health-disparities-among-refugee-and-immigrant-children-in-canada
#19
Ginny Lane, Marwa Farag, Judy White, Christine Nisbet, Hassan Vatanparast
There are knowledge gaps related to understanding the development of chronic disease risks in children, especially with regards to risk differentials experienced by immigrants and refugees. The Healthy Immigrant Children study employed a mixed-methods cross-sectional study design to characterize the health and nutritional status of 300 immigrant and refugee children aged 3-13 who had been in Canada for less than five years. We collected quantitative data on socio-economic status, food security, physical activity, diet, bone and body composition, and anthropometric measurements...
May 4, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726042/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-use-of-dental-care-services-during-early-childhood-an-epidemiological-survey
#20
João Gabriel Silva Souza, Aline Araújo Sampaio, Bárbara Emanoelle Costa Oliveira, Kimberly Marie Jones, Andréa Maria Eleutério De Barros Lima Martins
BACKGROUND: The use of dental care services contributes to the improvement of children's healthy behaviors, reducing the prevalence of future dental problems. In this way, the purpose of this study was to describe the use of dental care service during early childhood and the possible socioeconomic inequalities in this use. DESIGN: Data from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey (SB Brasil, 2010) were used. Interviews with the children's parents and clinical examinations with the children were conducted in a 5-year-old representative sample...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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