keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

income inequality

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340208/health-care-on-equal-terms-assessing-horizontal-equity-in-health-care-use-in-northern-sweden
#1
Miguel San Sebastián, Paola A Mosquera, Nawi Ng, Per E Gustafsson
The Swedish health care system has successively moved toward increased market-orientation, which has raised concerns as to whether Sweden still offers health on equal terms. To explore this issue, this study aimed (i) to assess if the principles of horizontal equity (equal access for equal need regardless of socio-economic factors) are met in Northern Sweden 2006-14; and (ii) to explore the contribution of different factors to the inequalities in access along the same period. Data came from cross sectional surveys known in 2006, 2010 and 2014 targeting 16-84-year-old residents in the four northern-most counties in Sweden...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339514/social-inequalities-in-self-rated-health-in-ukraine-in-2007-the-role-of-psychosocial-material-and-behavioural-factors
#2
Loretta G Platts, Christopher J Gerry
Despite Ukraine's large population, few studies have examined social inequalities in health. This study describes Ukrainian educational inequalities in self-rated health and assesses how far psychosocial, material and behavioural factors account for the education gradient in health. Data were analyzed from the 2007 wave of the Ukrainian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey. Education was categorized as: lower secondary or less, upper secondary and tertiary. In logistic regressions of 5451 complete cases, stratified by gender, declaring less than average health was regressed on education, before and after adjusting for psychosocial, material and behavioural factors...
October 20, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334657/investigating-the-poverty-obesity-paradox-in-europe
#3
Luca Salmasi, Martina Celidoni
This paper investigates the effect of income- and wealth-based poverty on the probability of being obese for the elderly in Europe by analysing data drawn from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement (SHARE) and the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). We use early-life economic conditions and regional circumstances as instruments for poverty later in life to account for endogeneity issues. After controlling for a large set of covariates at the individual, household, regional and country level, the results show that poverty significantly increases the probability of being obese and the Body Mass Index (BMI), for men and women...
March 9, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332465/the-challenge-of-middle-income-countries-to-development-assistance-for-health-recipients-funders-both-or-neither
#4
Trygve Ottersen, Suerie Moon, John-Arne Røttingen
Recent developments have transformed the role and characteristics of middle-income countries (MICs). Many stakeholders now question the appropriate role of MICs in the system of development assistance for health (DAH), and key funders have already recast their approach to these countries. The pressing question is whether MICs should be recipients, funders, both or neither. The answer has deep implications for individual countries and their citizens, and for the DAH system as a whole. We clarify the fundamental issues involved and emphasise a special feature of many MICs: mid-level gross national income per capita (GNIpc) combined with substantial health needs and large inequalities...
April 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332464/distributing-development-assistance-for-health-simulating-the-implications-of-11-criteria
#5
Trygve Ottersen, Suerie Moon, John-Arne Røttingen
After years of unprecedented growth in development assistance for health (DAH), the DAH system is challenged on several fronts: by the economic downturn and stagnation of DAH, by the epidemiological transition and increase in non-communicable diseases and by the economic transition and rise of the middle-income countries. Central to any potent response is a fair and effective allocation of DAH across countries. A myriad of criteria has been proposed or is currently used, but there have been no comprehensive assessment of their distributional implications...
April 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332462/development-assistance-for-health-what-criteria-do-multi-and-bilateral-funders-use
#6
Trygve Ottersen, Aparna Kamath, Suerie Moon, Lene Martinsen, John-Arne Røttingen
After years of unprecedented growth in development assistance for health (DAH), the system is challenged on several fronts: by the economic downturn and stagnation of DAH, by the epidemiological transition and increase in non-communicable diseases, and by the economic transition and rise of the middle-income countries. This raises questions about which countries should receive DAH and how much, and, fundamentally, what criteria that promote fair and effective allocation. Yet, no broad comparative assessment exists of the criteria used today...
April 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332460/framing-the-tax-and-health-nexus-a-neglected-aspect-of-public-health-concern
#7
David Mccoy, Simukai Chigudu, Taavi Tillmann
Previous studies have described various associations between tax policy and health. Here we propose a unifying conceptual framework of 'Five R's' to stimulate awareness about the importance of tax to health improvement. First, tax can improve representation and democratic accountability, and help make governments more responsive to the needs of its citizens. Second, tax can create a revenue stream for a universal pool of public finance for health care and other public services. Third, progressive taxation when combined with appropriate public spending can help redistribute wealth and income and mitigate social and health inequalities...
April 2017: Health Economics, Policy, and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330335/income-gaps-in-self-rated-poor-health-and-its-association-with-life-expectancy-in-245-districts-of-south-korea
#8
Ikhan Kim, Jinwook Bahk, Sung-Cheol Yun, Young-Ho Khang
Objectives: This study was conducted to examine income gaps in self-rated poor health at the district level of South Korea and to present geographical correlations among self-rated poor health, life expectancy, and their income gaps. Methods: We analyzed 1,578,189 subjects derived from the Community Health Survey data of South Korea collected between 2008 and 2014. The age-standardized prevalences of self-rated poor health and their income gaps were calculated. Prior results on life expectancy and its income gaps were used also...
March 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325242/radiation-oncology-in-india-challenges-and-opportunities
#9
REVIEW
Surbhi Grover, Shivakumar Gudi, Ajeet Kumar Gandhi, Priya M Puri, Adam C Olson, Danielle Rodin, Onyi Balogun, Preet K Dhillon, Daya Nand Sharma, Goura Kishor Rath, Shyam Kishore Shrivastava, Akila N Viswanathan, Umesh Mahantshetty
Rising cancer incidence and mortality in India emphasize the need to address the increasing burden of this disease and the stark inequities in access to radiotherapy and other essential medical treatments. State-of-the-art technology is available within the private sector and a few hospitals in the public sector, but 75% of patients in the public sector in India do not have access to timely radiotherapy. This inequity in access to radiotherapy in the public sector is amplified in rural areas, where most of India׳s population lives...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323854/the-unfinished-health-agenda-neonatal-mortality-in-cambodia
#10
Rathmony Hong, Pauline Yongeun Ahn, Frank Wieringa, Tung Rathavy, Ludovic Gauthier, Rathavuth Hong, Arnaud Laillou, Judit Van Geystelen, Jacques Berger, Etienne Poirot
BACKGROUND: Reduction of neonatal and under-five mortality rates remains a primary target in the achievement of universal health goals, as evident in renewed investments of Sustainable Development Goals. Various studies attribute declines in mortality to the combined effects of improvements in health care practices and changes in socio-economic factors. Since the early nineties, Cambodia has managed to evolve from a country devastated by war to a nation soon to enter the group of middle income countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323604/why-it-s-unjust-to-expect-location-specific-language-specific-or-population-specific-service-from-students-with-underrepresented-minority-or-low-income-backgrounds
#11
Barret Michalec, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Jon C Tilburt, Frederic W Hafferty
In this case we meet Amanda, a medical student of Native and Latin American ethnicity who receives financial aid. Her friends are surprised by her interest in an elite residency program. They suggest, rather, that with her language skills, ethnic background, and interest in social justice, she has a responsibility to work with underserved patient populations. In our commentary, we consider issues raised by the case and explore Amanda's friends' underlying expectations and assumptions that perpetuate the very inequities that the resolution of the case purports to address...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316905/the-global-burden-of-child-burn-injuries-in-light-of-country-level-economic-development-and-income-inequality
#12
Mathilde Sengoelge, Ziad El-Khatib, Lucie Laflamme
Child burn mortality differs widely between regions and is closely related to material deprivation, but reports on their global distribution are few. Investigating their country level distribution in light of economic level and income inequality will help assess the potential for macro-level improvements. We extracted data for child burn mortality from the Global Burden of Disease study 2013 and combined data into 1-14 years to calculate rates at country, region and income levels. We also compiled potential lives saved...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315179/decrements-in-health-related-quality-of-life-associated-with-gender-nonconformity-among-u-s-adolescents-and-young-adults
#13
Allegra R Gordon, Nancy Krieger, Cassandra A Okechukwu, Sebastien Haneuse, Mihail Samnaliev, Brittany M Charlton, S Bryn Austin
PURPOSE: Gender nonconformity, that is, transgressing conventionally "masculine" vs. "feminine" characteristics, is often stigmatized. Stigmatization and discrimination are social stressors that raise risk of adverse mental and physical health outcomes and may drive health inequities. However, little is known about the relationship between such social stressors and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This paper aimed to examine associations between perceived gender nonconformity and HRQOL in a cohort of U...
March 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315158/childhood-family-structure-and-intergenerational-income-mobility-in-the-united-states
#14
Deirdre Bloome
The declining prevalence of two-parent families helped increase income inequality over recent decades. Does family structure also condition how economic (dis)advantages pass from parents to children? If so, shifts in the organization of family life may contribute to enduring inequality between groups defined by childhood family structure. Using National Longitudinal Survey of Youth data, I combine parametric and nonparametric methods to reveal how family structure moderates intergenerational income mobility in the United States...
March 17, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303533/urban-health-in-tanzania-questioning-the-urban-advantage
#15
Francis Levira, Gemma Todd
How are health inequalities articulated across urban and rural spaces in Tanzania? This research paper explores the variations, differences, and inequalities, in Tanzania's health outcomes-to question both the idea of an urban advantage in health and the extent of urban-rural inequalities in health. The three research objectives aim to understand: what are the health differences (morbidity and mortality) between Tanzania's urban and rural areas; how are health inequalities articulated within Tanzania's urban and rural areas; and how are health inequalities articulated across age groups for rural-urban Tanzania? By analyzing four national datasets of Tanzania (National Census, Household Budget Survey, Demographic Health Survey, and Health Demographic Surveillance System), this paper reflects on the outcomes of key health indicators across these spaces...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302918/the-heterogeneous-impact-of-a-successful-tobacco-control-campaign-a-case-study-of-mauritius
#16
Hana Ross, Leelmanee Moussa, Tom Harris, Rajive Ajodhea
BACKGROUND: Mauritius has one of the highest smoking prevalences in Africa, contributing to its high burden of non-communicable diseases. Mauritius implemented a series of tobacco control measures from 2009 to 2012, including tobacco tax increases. There is evidence that these policies reduced tobacco consumption, but it is not clear what impact they had across different socioeconomic groups. METHOD: The impact of tobacco control measures on different income groups was analysed by contrasting household tobacco expenditures reported in 2006-2007 and 2012 household expenditure surveys...
March 15, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299821/baby-boomers-in-the-united-states-factors-associated-with-working-longer-and-delaying-retirement
#17
Xiuwen Sue Dong, Xuanwen Wang, Knut Ringen, Rosemary Sokas
OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the self-reported probability of working full-time past age 62 (P62) or age 65 (P65) among four cohorts of Americans born between 1931 and 1959. METHODS: Data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) were analyzed. Respondents in four age cohorts were selected for comparison. Multivariable linear regression models were used to assess cohort differences in P62 and P65 while adjusting for covariates. RESULTS: P62 and P65 increased among boomers despite worsened self-rated health compared to the two preceding cohorts, with 37% and 80% increases among mid-boomers in construction trades...
April 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299492/do-healthcare-tax-credits-help-poor-health-individuals-on-low-incomes
#18
Cinzia Di Novi, Anna Marenzi, Dino Rizzi
In several countries, personal income tax permits tax credits for out-of-pocket healthcare expenditure. Tax credits benefit taxpayers at all income levels by reducing their net tax liability and modify the price of out-of-pocket expenditure. To the extent that consumer demand is price elastic, they may influence the amount of eligible healthcare expenditure for which taxpayers may claim a credit. These effects influence, in turn, income distributions and taxpayers' health status and therefore income-related inequality in health...
March 15, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298223/migration-to-middle-income-countries-and-tuberculosis-global-policies-for-global-economies
#19
Julia Moreira Pescarini, Laura Cunha Rodrigues, M Gabriela M Gomes, Eliseu Alves Waldman
BACKGROUND: International migration to middle-income countries is increasing and its health consequences, in particular increasing transmission rates of tuberculosis (TB), deserve consideration. Migration and TB are a matter of concern in high-income countries and targeted screening of migrants for active and latent TB infection is a main strategy to manage risk and minimize transmission. In this paper, we discuss some aspects of TB control and migration in the context of middle-income countries, together with the prospect of responding with equitable and comprehensive policies...
March 15, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297186/the-new-obstetrical-dilemma-stunting-obesity-and-the-risk-of-obstructed-labour
#20
Jonathan C K Wells
The "obstetrical dilemma" refers to the tight fit between maternal pelvic dimensions and neonatal size at delivery. Most interest traditionally focused on its generic significance for humans, for example our neonatal altriciality and our complex and lengthy birth process. Across contemporary populations, however, the obstetrical dilemma manifests substantial variability, illustrated by differences in the incidence of cephalo-pelvic disproportion, obstructed labour and cesarean section. Beyond accounting for 12% of maternal mortality worldwide, obstructed labour also imposes a huge burden of maternal morbidity, in particular through debilitating birth injuries...
April 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
keyword
keyword
108762
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"