keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Metal plant biotic stress

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103776/small-and-hungry-micrornas-in-micronutrient-homeostasis-of-plants
#1
Prashanti Patel, Karuna Yadav, Thumballi Ramabhatta Ganapathi
MicroRNAs are emerging players in plant development and response to stresses, both biotic and abiotic such as micronutrient deficiency. These small RNAs regulate cognate downstream targets either by transcript cleavage or translational inhibition. Micronutrient deficiencies lead to poor quality and yield of crops and impaired human health. Over the years several microRNAs have been identified which regulate expression of genes controlling uptake, mobilization and homeostasis of macronutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur to ensure sufficiency without toxicity...
January 17, 2017: MicroRNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052509/spatially-dependent-biotic-and-abiotic-factors-drive-survivorship-and-physical-structure-of-green-roof-vegetation
#2
Jason M Aloisio, Matthew I Palmer, Mario A Giampieri, Amy R Tuininga, James D Lewis
Plant survivorship depends on biotic and abiotic factors that vary at local and regional scales. This survivorship, in turn, has cascading effects on community composition and the physical structure of vegetation. Survivorship of native plant species is variable among populations planted in environmentally stressful habitats like urban roofs, but the degree to which factors at different spatial scales affect survivorship in urban systems is not well understood. We evaluated the effects of biotic and abiotic factors on survivorship, composition, and physical structure of two native perennial species assemblages, one characterized by a mixture of C4 grasses and forbs (Hempstead Plains, HP) and one characterized by a mixture of C3 grasses and forbs (Rocky Summit, RS), that were initially sown at equal ratios of growth forms (5:1:4; grass, N-fixing forb and non-N-fixing forb) in replicate 2-m(2) plots planted on 10 roofs in New York City (New York, USA)...
January 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28010046/development-of-transgenic-crops-based-on-photo-biotechnology
#3
REVIEW
Markkandan Ganesan, Hyo-Yeon Lee, Jeong-Il Kim, Pill-Soon Song
The phenotypes associated with plant photomorphogenesis such as the suppressed shade avoidance response and de-etiolation offer the potential for significant enhancement of crop yields. Of many light signal transducers and transcription factors involved in the photomorphogenic responses of plants, this review focuses on the transgenic overexpression of the photoreceptor genes at the uppermost stream of the signaling events, particularly phytochromes, crytochromes and phototropins as the transgenes for the genetic engineering of crops with improved harvest yields...
December 23, 2016: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931000/thorium-impact-on-tobacco-root-transcriptome
#4
Kateřina Mazari, Přemysl Landa, Sylva Přerostová, Karel Müller, Radomíra Vaňková, Petr Soudek, Tomáš Vaněk
Thorium is natural actinide metal with potential use in nuclear energetics. Contamination by thorium, originated from mining activities or spills, represents environmental risk due to its radioactivity and chemical toxicity. A promising approach for cleaning of contaminated areas is phytoremediation, which need to be based, however, on detail understanding of the thorium effects on plants. In this study we investigated transcriptomic response of tobacco roots exposed to 200μM thorium for one week. Thorium application resulted in up-regulation of 152 and down-regulation of 100 genes (p-value <0...
March 5, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917181/nitric-oxide-responsive-heavy-metal-associated-gene-athmad1-contributes-to-development-and-disease-resistance-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#5
Q Muhammad Imran, Noreen Falak, Adil Hussain, Bong-Gyu Mun, Arti Sharma, Sang-Uk Lee, Kyung-Min Kim, Byung-Wook Yun
Exposure of plants to different biotic and abiotic stress condition instigates significant change in the cellular redox status; resulting in the elevation of reactive nitrogen species that play signaling role in mediating defense responses. Heavy metal associated (HMA) domain containing genes are required for spatio-temporal transportation of metal ions that bind with various enzymes and co-factors within the cell. To uncover the underlying mechanisms mediated by AtHMA genes, we identified 14 Arabidopsis HMA genes that were differentially expressed in response to nitrosative stress through RNA-seq analysis...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905025/flavonoids-from-heliotropium-subulatum-exudate-and-their-evaluation-for-antioxidant-antineoplastic-and-cytotoxic-activities-ii
#6
Bharat Singh, Pooran M Sahu, Ram A Sharma
The flavonoids are the largest group of phenolic compounds isolated from a wide range of higher plants. These compounds work as antimicrobials, anti-insect agents and protect plants from other types of biotic and abiotic stresses. Various researchers have suggested that flavonoids possessed antioxidant, antineoplastic and cytotoxic activities. The main objective of this study was to test dichloromethane fraction of resinous exudate of Heliotropium subulatum for their antioxidant, antineoplastic and cytotoxic activities, as well as to search new antioxidant and antineoplastic agents for pharmaceutical formulations...
November 30, 2016: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830987/alternative-oxidase-and-plant-stress-tolerance
#7
Bedabrata Saha, Gennadii Borovskii, Sanjib Kumar Panda
Alternative oxidase (AOX) is one of the terminal oxidases of the plant mitochondrial electron transport chain. AOX acts as a means to relax the highly coupled and tensed electron transport process in mitochondria thus providing and maintaining the much needed metabolic homeostasis by directly reducing oxygen to water. In the process AOX also act as facilitator for signaling molecules conveying the metabolic status of mitochondria to the nucleus and thus able to influence nuclear gene expression. Since AOX indirectly, is able to control the synthesis of important signaling molecules like hydrogen peroxide, superoxide, nitric oxide, thus it is also helping in stress signaling...
December 2016: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769905/improved-method-for-effective-screening-of-acc-1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate-deaminase-producing-microorganisms
#8
Chandrashekhar Patil, Rahul Suryawanshi, Sunil Koli, Satish Patil
Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase (ACCD) producing microorganisms support plant growth under a variety of biotic and abiotic stress conditions such as drought, soil salinity, flooding, heavy metal pollution and phyto-pathogen attack. Available screening methods for ACCD give idea only about its primary microbial ACCD activity than the actual potential. In the present investigation, we have simply improved screening method by incorporating pH indicator dyes (phenol red and bromothymol blue) in ACC containing medium...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Microbiological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734509/zinc-hyperaccumulation-substitutes-for-defense-failures-beyond-salicylate-and-jasmonate-signaling-pathways-of-alternaria-brassicicola-attack-in-noccaea-caerulescens
#9
Berta Gallego, Soledad Martos, Catalina Cabot, Juan Barceló, Charlotte Poschenrieder
The hypothesis of metal defense as a substitute for a defective biotic stress signaling system in metal hyperaccumulators was tested using the pathosystem Alternaria brassicicola - Noccaea caerulescens under low (2 μM), medium (12 μM), and high (102 μM) Zn supply. Regardless the Zn supply, N. caerulescens responded to fungal attack with the activation of both HMA4 coding for a Zn transporter, and biotic stress signaling pathways. Salicylate, jasmonate, abscisic acid, and indoleacetic acid concentrations, as well as biotic stress marker genes (PDF1...
October 13, 2016: Physiologia Plantarum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623366/silicon-occurrence-uptake-transport-and-mechanisms-of-heavy-metals-minerals-and-salinity-enhanced-tolerance-in-plants-with-future-prospects-a-review
#10
Muhammad Imtiaz, Muhammad Shahid Rizwan, Muhammad Adnan Mushtaq, Muhammad Ashraf, Sher Muhammad Shahzad, Balal Yousaf, Dawood Anser Saeed, Muhammad Rizwan, Muhammad Azher Nawaz, Sajid Mehmood, Shuxin Tu
Recently, heavy metals pollution due to industrialization and urbanization, use of untreated wastewater and unreasonable use of pesticides and fertilizers is increasing rapidly, resulting in major threat to the environment and contaminate soils. Silicon (Si) is the second most abundant element in the earth crust after oxygen. Although it's higher accumulation in plants, yet Si has not been listed as essential nutrient however, considered as beneficial element for growth of plants particularly in stressed environment...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579677/systematic-isolation-and-characterization-of-cadmium-tolerant-genes-in-tobacco-a-cdna-library-construction-and-screening-approach
#11
Mei Zhang, Hui Mo, Wen Sun, Yan Guo, Jing Li
Heavy metal pollution is a major limiting factor that severely affects plant growth worldwide, and the accumulation of heavy metal in the plant may be hazardous to human health. To identify the processes involved in cadmium detoxification, we constructed a cDNA library of tobacco roots acclimated to cadmium (Cd) stress. According to the results of functional screening cDNA library with a yeast Cd-sensitive mutant, ycf1Δ, we obtained a series of candidate genes that were involved in Cd response. Sequence analysis and yeast functional complementation of 24 positive cDNA clones revealed that, in addition to antioxidant genes, genes implicated in abiotic and biotic stress defenses, cellular metabolism, and signal transduction showed Cd detoxification effects in yeast...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27524990/transition-metal-transport-in-plants-and-associated-endosymbionts-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-and-rhizobia
#12
REVIEW
Manuel González-Guerrero, Viviana Escudero, Ángela Saéz, Manuel Tejada-Jiménez
Transition metals such as iron, copper, zinc, or molybdenum are essential nutrients for plants. These elements are involved in almost every biological process, including photosynthesis, tolerance to biotic and abiotic stress, or symbiotic nitrogen fixation. However, plants often grow in soils with limiting metallic oligonutrient bioavailability. Consequently, to ensure the proper metal levels, plants have developed a complex metal uptake and distribution system, that not only involves the plant itself, but also its associated microorganisms...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339311/native-isolate-of-trichoderma-a-biocontrol-agent-with-unique-stress-tolerance-properties
#13
N Mishra, S S Khan, S Krishna Sundari
Species of Trichoderma are widely recognized for their biocontrol abilities, but seldom studied collectively, for their plant growth promotion, abiotic stress tolerance and bioremediation properties. Our study is a concentrated effort to establish the potential of native isolate Trichoderma harzianum KSNM (T103) to tolerate biotic (root pathogens) and abiotic stresses [high salt (100-1000 mM); heavy metal (chromium, nickel and zinc: 1-10 mM); pesticides: malathion (100-600 ppm), carbofuran (100-600 ppb)], along with its ability to support plant growth...
August 2016: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295923/growth-response-modulation-by-putrescine-in-indian-mustard-brassica-juncea-l-under-multiple-stress
#14
Nita Lakra, Pushpa C Tomar, S N Mishra
Plants, in general, are put to various kinds of stress, biotic and abiotic, both natural and manmade. Infestation by insect pests and diseases, and extreme conditions such as salinity, temperature, etc., as well as heavy metal contamination affect their growth performance. Here, we studied the impact of salinity and heavy metal pollution on the growth performance of Indian Mustard Brassica juncea L. and its amelioration by the diamine, putrescine, a known media supplement. We evaluated the putrescine (Put) modulation potential on multiple stress effect in 7-day old Indian mustard...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27212052/molecular-and-physiological-responses-to-titanium-dioxide-and-cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-in-arabidopsis
#15
Laxminath Tumburu, Christian P Andersen, Paul T Rygiewicz, Jay R Reichman
Changes in tissue transcriptomes and productivity of Arabidopsis thaliana were investigated during exposure of plants to 2 widely used engineered metal oxide nanoparticles, titanium dioxide (nano-titania) and cerium dioxide (nano-ceria). Microarray analyses confirmed that exposure to either nanoparticle altered the transcriptomes of rosette leaves and roots, with comparatively larger numbers of differentially expressed genes found under nano-titania exposure. Nano-titania induced more differentially expressed genes in rosette leaves, whereas roots had more differentially expressed genes under nano-ceria exposure...
January 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27167761/stress-promotes-arabidopsis-piriformospora-indica-interaction
#16
Khabat Vahabi, Sedigheh Karimi Dorcheh, Shamci Monajembashi, Martin Westermann, Michael Reichelt, Daniela Falkenberg, Peter Hemmerich, Irena Sherameti, Ralf Oelmüller
The endophytic fungus Piriformospora indica colonizes Arabidopsis thaliana roots and promotes plant performance, growth and resistance/tolerance against abiotic and biotic stress. Here we demonstrate that the benefits for the plant increase when the two partners are co-cultivated under stress (limited access to nutrient, exposure to heavy metals and salt, light and osmotic stress, pathogen infection). Moreover, physical contact between P. indica and Arabidopsis roots is necessary for optimal growth promotion, and chemical communication cannot replace the physical contact...
May 3, 2016: Plant Signaling & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27148294/silicon-and-the-plant-extracellular-matrix
#17
REVIEW
Gea Guerriero, Jean-Francois Hausman, Sylvain Legay
Silicon (Si) is one of the most abundant elements on earth. Although not considered essential for the growth and development of higher plants, it is nonetheless known to increase vigor and to play protective roles. Its protective effects include for instance alleviation of (a)biotic stress damages and heavy metal toxicity. Si was shown to interact with several components of the plant cell walls in the form of silica (SiO2). In plants SiO2 promotes strengthening of the cell walls and provides increased mechanical support to the aerial parts...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27145635/expression-analysis-of-type-1-and-2-metallothionein-genes-in-rape-brassica-napus-l-during-short-term-stress-using-sqrt-pcr-analysis
#18
Hala M Abdelmigid
With the extent of contamination in water and soil today, possibility of presence of toxic heavy metals in plants in everyday life can not be ruled out. In this context, understanding the influence of exogenenous factors on such plants gains importance. Here, we investigated expression of metallothioneins genes MT1 and MT2 in Rape Brassica napus L. as representatives of MT gene type 1, type 2 (BnMT1 and BnMT2), respectively to explore such influence, if there any. Seedlings of 7-day-old were exposed to various exogenous factors including plant hormones, heavy metals, abiotic and biotic stresses...
March 2016: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27038600/impact-of-silicon-on-indian-mustard-brassica-juncea-l-root-traits-by-regulating-growth-parameters-cellular-antioxidants-and-stress-modulators-under-arsenic-stress
#19
Chandana Pandey, Ehasanullah Khan, Medha Panthri, Rudra Deo Tripathi, Meetu Gupta
Arsenic (As) is an emerging pollutant causing inhibition in growth and development of plants resulting into phytotoxicity. On the other hand, silicon (Si) has been suggested as a modulator in abiotic and biotic stresses that, enhances plant's physiological adaptations in response to several stresses including heavy metal stress. In this study, we used roots of hydroponically grown 14 day old seedlings of Brassica juncea var. Varuna treated with 150 μM As, 1.5 mM Si and both in combination for 96 h duration...
July 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26911444/unraveling-the-role-of-dark-septate-endophyte-dse-colonizing-maize-zea-mays-under-cadmium-stress-physiological-cytological-and-genic-aspects
#20
Jun-ling Wang, Tao Li, Gao-yuan Liu, Joshua M Smith, Zhi-wei Zhao
A growing body of evidence suggests that plant root-associated fungi such as dark septate endophytes (DSE) can help plants overcome many biotic and abiotic stresses, of great interest is DSE-plant metal tolerance and alleviation capabilities on contaminated soils. However, the tolerance and alleviation mechanisms involved have not yet been elucidated. In the current study, the regulation and physiological response of Zea mays to its root-associated DSE, Exophiala pisciphila was analyzed under increased soil Cd stress (0, 10, 50, 100 mg kg(-1))...
February 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
108761
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"