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High frequency stimulation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028647/change-in-engagement-in-cognitive-activity-and-risk-for-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-a-cohort-of-older-adults-the-monongahela-youghiogheny-healthy-aging-team-myhat-study
#1
Tiffany F Hughes, Zhaowen Sun, Chung-Chou H Chang, Mary Ganguli
Engagement in cognitively stimulating activities is gaining prominence as a potential strategy to maintain cognitive functioning in old age. In a population-based cohort of individuals aged 65+ years, we examined patterns of change in frequency of engagement in total cognitive activity (TCA), higher cognitive activity (HCA), and frequent cognitive activity (FCA) based on the Florida Cognitive Activities Scale over an average of 3.62 years, and whether these patterns were associated with incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI) during this same period...
October 12, 2017: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027915/a-combination-of-immune-checkpoint-inhibition-with-metronomic-chemotherapy-as-a-way-of-targeting-therapy-resistant-cancer-cells
#2
REVIEW
Irina Kareva
Therapeutic resistance remains a major obstacle in treating many cancers, particularly in advanced stages. It is likely that cytotoxic lymphocytes (CTLs) have the potential to eliminate therapy-resistant cancer cells. However, their effectiveness may be limited either by the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment, or by immune cell death induced by cytotoxic treatments. High-frequency low-dose (also known as metronomic) chemotherapy can help improve the activity of CTLs by providing sufficient stimulation for cytotoxic immune cells without excessive depletion...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026808/low-frequency-ultrasound-debridement-in-chronic-wound-healing-a-systematic-review-of-current-evidence
#3
Ying-Ju Ruby Chang, Julie Perry, Karen Cross
Chronic wounds are painful and debilitating to patients, pose a clinical challenge to physicians, and impose financial burden on the health-care system. New treatment options are therefore highly sought after. Ultrasound debridement is a promising technology that functions to disperse bacterial biofilms and stimulate wound healing. In this review, we focus on low-frequency ultrasound (20-60 kHz) and summarize the findings of 25 recent studies examining ultrasound efficacy. Ultrasound debridement appears to be most effective when used 3 times a week and has the potential to decrease exudate and slough, decrease patient pain, disperse biofilms, and increase healing in wounds of various etiology...
February 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026048/spinal-cord-stimulation-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-a-review-of-current-evidence-and-practice
#4
S Sc Wong, C W Chan, C W Cheung
Spinal cord stimulation provides analgesia through electrical stimulation of the dorsal column of the spinal cord via electrode leads placed into the epidural space. In traditional tonic stimulation, a painful sensation is replaced with paraesthesia. Spinal cord stimulation is effective in reducing neuropathic pain, enhancing function, and improving quality of life in different chronic pain conditions. Currently, there is most evidence to support its use for failed back surgery syndrome when multidisciplinary conventional management is unsuccessful...
October 2017: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025322/auditory-and-cognitive-development-in-a-partially-deaf-child-with-bilateral-electro-acoustic-stimulation-a-case-study
#5
Josef Seebacher, Franz Muigg, Natalie Fischer, Viktor Weichbold, Kurt Stephan, Patrick Zorowka, Harald R Bliem, Joachim Schmutzhard
OBJECTIVE: To study the long-term evolution of speech and intelligence in a child with partial deafness and normal hearing in the low frequencies after sequentially receiving cochlear implants in both ears. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. STUDY SAMPLE: Male child aged 6 years was followed over a time period of four years. RESULTS: The paediatric patient had normal hearing up to 1 kHz and profound hearing loss at all higher frequencies symmetrical in both ears...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023305/insights-into-the-therapeutic-effect-of-responsive-neurostimulation-assessed-with-scalp-eeg-recording-a-case-report
#6
Maria Jose Bruzzone, Naoum Issa, Sandra Rose, Peter Warnke, Vernon L Towle, James X Tao, Shasha Wu
The responsive neurostimulation system (RNS) is the first closed-loop neurostimulator approved as an adjunctive treatment for adults with medically refractory focal epilepsy from no more than two seizure foci. In addition to its therapeutic effect, it provides chronic intracranial EEG recordings, with limited storage capacity. Long-term monitoring with scalp EEG recordings can provide additional information regarding seizure patterns, the efficacy of RNS stimulation in aborting individual seizures, and the net effect of RNS on seizure control...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021752/potential-impact-of-geomagnetic-field-in-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-neurodegenerative-diseases
#7
Kwon-Seok Chae, Yong-Hwan Kim
Throughout the long history of various therapeutic trials of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), some TMS protocols have been reported to be clearly effective in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. Despite promising results from repetitive TMS (rTMS) using low frequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs) for neurodegenerative diseases, the low reproducibility has hampered the clinical applications of rTMS. Here, based on the notion of radical pair mechanism explaining magnetoreception in living organisms, we propose a new perspective that rTMS with controlled geomagnetic field (rTMS-GMF) can be an efficient and reproducible therapeutic approach for neurodegenerative diseases...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021744/posterior-thalamic-nucleus-modulation-of-tactile-stimuli-processing-in-rat-motor-and-primary-somatosensory-cortices
#8
Diana Casas-Torremocha, Francisco Clascá, Ángel Núñez
Rodents move rhythmically their facial whiskers and compute differences between signals predicted and those resulting from the movement to infer information about objects near their head. These computations are carried out by a large network of forebrain structures that includes the thalamus and the primary somatosensory (S1BF) and motor (M1wk) cortices. Spatially and temporally precise mechanorreceptive whisker information reaches the S1BF cortex via the ventroposterior medial thalamic nucleus (VPM). Other whisker-related information may reach both M1wk and S1BF via the axons from the posterior thalamic nucleus (Po)...
2017: Frontiers in Neural Circuits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021375/maternal-high-fiber-diet-during-pregnancy-and-lactation-influences-regulatory-t-cell-differentiation-in-offspring-in-mice
#9
Akihito Nakajima, Naoko Kaga, Yumiko Nakanishi, Hiroshi Ohno, Junki Miyamoto, Ikuo Kimura, Shohei Hori, Takashi Sasaki, Keiichi Hiramatsu, Ko Okumura, Sachiko Miyake, Sonoko Habu, Sumio Watanabe
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), the end products of dietary fiber, influence the immune system. Moreover, during pregnancy the maternal microbiome has a great impact on the development of the offspring's immune system. However, the exact mechanisms by which maternal SCFAs during pregnancy and lactation influence the immune system of offspring are not fully understood. We investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying regulatory T cell (Treg) differentiation in offspring regulated by a maternal high fiber diet (HFD)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020054/a-novel-approach-for-automatic-visualization-and-activation-detection-of-evoked-potentials-induced-by-epidural-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Samineh Mesbah, Claudia A Angeli, Robert S Keynton, Ayman El-Baz, Susan J Harkema
Voluntary movements and the standing of spinal cord injured patients have been facilitated using lumbosacral spinal cord epidural stimulation (scES). Identifying the appropriate stimulation parameters (intensity, frequency and anode/cathode assignment) is an arduous task and requires extensive mapping of the spinal cord using evoked potentials. Effective visualization and detection of muscle evoked potentials induced by scES from the recorded electromyography (EMG) signals is critical to identify the optimal configurations and the effects of specific scES parameters on muscle activation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018625/hearing-assessment-during-deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-central-nucleus-of-the-inferior-colliculus-and-dentate-cerebellar-nucleus-in-rat
#11
Jasper V Smit, Ali Jahanshahi, Marcus L F Janssen, Robert J Stokroos, Yasin Temel
BACKGROUND: Recently it has been shown in animal studies that deep brain stimulation (DBS) of auditory structures was able to reduce tinnitus-like behavior. However, the question arises whether hearing might be impaired when interfering in auditory-related network loops with DBS. METHODS: The auditory brainstem response (ABR) was measured in rats during high frequency stimulation (HFS) and low frequency stimulation (LFS) in the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (CIC, n = 5) or dentate cerebellar nucleus (DCBN, n = 5)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018452/kv1-3-channel-blockade-modulates-the-effector-function-of-b-cells-in-granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis
#12
Judith Land, Lucas L Lintermans, Coen A Stegeman, Ernesto J Muñoz-Elías, Eric J Tarcha, Shawn P Iadonato, Peter Heeringa, Abraham Rutgers, Wayel H Abdulahad
B cells are central to the pathogenesis of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), exhibiting both (auto)antibody-dependent and -independent properties. Class-switched memory B cells in particular are a major source of pathogenic autoantibodies. These cells are characterized by high expression levels of Kv1.3 potassium channels, which may offer therapeutic potential for Kv1.3 blockade. In this study, we investigated the effect of the highly potent Kv1.3 blocker ShK-186 on B cell properties in GPA in vitro. Circulating B cell subsets were determined from 33 GPA patients and 17 healthy controls (HCs)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017814/pituitary-adenylate-cyclase-activating-polypeptide-induces-long-term-transcription-dependent-plasticity-and-remodeling-at-autonomic-synapses
#13
Eric R Starr, Joseph F Margiotta
Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a multifunctional neuropeptide, widely expressed in the nervous system (Vaudry et al., 2009; Starr and Margiotta, 2016). At neuronal synapses where transmission is mediated by nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChRs) transient PACAP exposure increases the frequency and amplitude (FS and AS) of spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs) within minutes. This short-term (ST) plasticity requires high-affinity PACAP receptor (PAC1R) signaling via adenylate cyclase (AC), cyclic AMP (cAMP), Protein kinase A (PKA) and obligatory nAChR-dependent stimulation of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis to retrogradely increase presynaptic ACh release (Pugh et al...
October 7, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016623/time-frequency-analysis-of-olfactory-induced-eeg-power-change
#14
Valentin Alexander Schriever, Pengfei Han, Stefanie Weise, Franziska Hösel, Robert Pellegrino, Thomas Hummel
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to investigate the usefulness of time-frequency analysis (TFA) of olfactory-induced EEG change with a low-cost, portable olfactometer in the clinical investigation of smell function. MATERIALS & METHODS: A total of 78 volunteers participated. The study was composed of three parts where olfactory stimuli were presented using a custom-built olfactometer. Part I was designed to optimize the stimulus as well as the recording conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994794/high-speed-continuous-wave-stimulated-brillouin-scattering-spectrometer-for-material-analysis
#15
Itay Remer, Lear Cohen, Alberto Bilenca
Recent years have witnessed a significant increase in the use of spontaneous Brillouin spectrometers for non-contact analysis of soft matter, such as aqueous solutions and biomaterials, with fast acquisition times. Here, we discuss the assembly and operation of a Brillouin spectrometer that uses stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS) to measure stimulated Brillouin gain (SBG) spectra of water and lipid emulsion-based tissue-like samples in transmission mode with <10 MHz spectral-resolution and <35 MHz Brillouin-shift measurement precision at <100 ms...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993742/development-and-validation-of-the-amphetamine-type-stimulants-motive-questionnaire-in-a-clinical-population
#16
Daniela Thurn, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Jennifer Anna Weber, Jörg Wolstein
Approximately 35.7 million people world-wide use amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS) leading to a high demand for effective treatment. Understanding the motives behind ATS use is a necessary basis for preventive and therapeutic treatment. The objective of this study is to develop the Amphetamine-Type stimulants Motive Questionnaire (AMQ) and to confirm its construct and concurrent validity in respect to the first and the latest month of ATS use based on answers of 233 patients with ATS disorders (74.2% male; mean age: 31...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992304/pherotype-polymorphism-in-streptococcus-pneumoniae-has-no-obvious-effects-on-population-structure-and-recombination
#17
Eric L Miller, Benjamin A Evans, Omar E Cornejo, Ian S Roberts, Daniel E Rozen
Natural transformation in the Gram-positive pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae occurs when cells become "competent," a state that is induced in response to high extracellular concentrations of a secreted peptide signal called competence stimulating peptide (CSP) encoded by the comC locus. Two main CSP signal types (pherotypes) are known to dominate the pherotype diversity across strains. Using 4,089 fully sequenced pneumococcal genomes, we confirm that pneumococcal populations are highly genetically structured and that there is significant variation among diverged populations in pherotype frequencies; most carry only a single pherotype...
October 1, 2017: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991059/analgesia-nociception-index-monitoring-during-supratentorial-craniotomy
#18
Lakshman K Kommula, Sonia Bansal, Ganne S Umamaheswara Rao
BACKGROUND: Objective monitoring of pain during and after surgery has been elusive. Recently, Analgesia Nociception Index (ANI) monitor based on the high frequency component of heart rate variability has been launched into clinical practice. We monitored analgesia during craniotomy using ANI monitor and compared it with cardiovascular parameters and response entropy (RE) of entropy monitor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 21 patients undergoing a craniotomy for a supratentorial lesion, we monitored ANI, heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), state entropy, and RE throughout the surgery...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990927/frequency-dependent-mobilization-of-heterogeneous-pools-of-synaptic-vesicles-shapes-presynaptic-plasticity
#19
Frédéric Doussau, Hartmut Schmidt, Kevin Dorgans, Antoine M Valera, Bernard Poulain, Philippe Isope
The segregation of the readily releasable pool of synaptic vesicles (RRP) in sub-pools that are differentially poised for exocytosis shapes short-term plasticity. However, the frequency-dependent mobilization of these sub-pools is poorly understood. Using slice recordings and modeling of synaptic activity at cerebellar granule cell to Purkinje cell synapses of mice, we describe two sub-pools in the RRP that can be differentially recruited upon ultrafast changes in the stimulation frequency. We show that at low frequency stimulations, a first sub-pool is gradually silenced, leading to full blockage of synaptic transmission...
October 9, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990925/tracking-individual-action-potentials-throughout-mammalian-axonal-arbors
#20
Milos Radivojevic, Felix Franke, Michael Altermatt, Jan Müller, Andreas Hierlemann, Douglas J Bakkum
Axons are neuronal processes specialized for conduction of action potentials (APs). The timing and temporal precision of APs when they reach each of the synapses are fundamentally important for information processing in the brain. Due to small diameters of axons, direct recording of single AP transmission is challenging. Consequently, most knowledge about axonal conductance derives from modeling studies or indirect measurements. We demonstrate a method to noninvasively and directly record individual APs propagating along millimeter-length axonal arbors in cortical cultures with hundreds of microelectrodes at microsecond temporal resolution...
October 9, 2017: ELife
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