keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Particulate matter and fertility

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620855/physicochemical-characteristics-mutagenicity-and-genotoxicity-of-airborne-particles-under-industrial-and-rural-influences-in-northern-lebanon
#1
Pamela N Melki, Frédéric Ledoux, Samer Aouad, Sylvain Billet, Bilal El Khoury, Yann Landkocz, Roula M Abdel-Massih, Dominique Courcot
In this work, the main objectives were to assess the mutagenic and genotoxic effects of fine particulate matter collected in an industrial influenced site in comparison with a non-industrial influenced one (rural site) and to relate the particulate matter (PM) composition to the observed genotoxic effects. At the industrial influenced site, higher concentrations of phosphates, trace metals, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in particles could be related to the contributions of quarries, fertilizer producer, cement plants, and tires burning...
June 15, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584201/ovarian-damages-produced-by-aerosolized-fine-particulate-matter-pm2-5-pollution-in-mice-possible-protective-medications-and-mechanisms
#2
Hui-Fang Gai, Jian-Xiong An, Xiao-Yan Qian, Yong-Jie Wei, John P Williams, Guo-Lan Gao
BACKGROUND: Ambient aerosol fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with male reproductive toxicity in experiments and may have adverse effects in the female. However, studies evaluating the protective effects and precise mechanisms of aspirin, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, or ozone against toxic effects of PM2.5are sparse. This study was conducted to investigate the possible protective effects and mechanisms of aspirin, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, or ozone on fertility in female mice treated with PM2...
June 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535484/biomonitoring-of-genotoxicity-of-industrial-fertilizer-pollutants-in-aiolopus-thalassinus-orthoptera-acrididae-using-alkaline-comet-assay
#3
Eman A Abdelfattah, Maria Augustyniak, Hesham A Yousef
Phosphate fertilizer industry is considered as one of the main sources of environmental pollutants. Besides solid waste products, e.g. phosphates, sulphates, and heavy metals, also atmospheric pollutants, such as hydrofluoric acid fumes (HF), sulphur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NO2), and particulate matter with diameter up to 10 μm (PM10) can be dangerous. Genotoxic effect of these pollutants was monitored by assessing the DNA damage using alkaline comet assay on cells from brain, thoracic muscles and gut of Aiolopus thalassinus collected at three sites (A-C) located at 1, 3, and 6 km away from Abu-Zaabal Company for Fertilizers and Chemical Industries...
May 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448928/potential-environmental-impact-of-bioethanol-production-chain-from-fiber-sorghum-to-be-used-in-passenger-cars
#4
Annachiara Forte, Amalia Zucaro, Massimo Fagnano, Angelo Fierro
A life cycle assessment (LCA) was applied to assess the environmental load of a prospective local bioethanol (EtOH) production system in Southern Italy by using lignocellulosic Fiber sorghum (FS) feedstock. A two steps analysis was carried out considering: (i) a "cradle-to-farm gate" LCA to investigate thoroughly the FS cultivation on hilly marginal land and (ii) a "cradle-to-wheels" system boundary encompassing the environmental pressure of the whole EtOH supply-use chain. Primary data related to lignocellulosic biomass production were combined with experimental feedstock conversion processes through advanced second generation technology...
November 15, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318692/characterization-and-source-identification-of-nitrogen-in-a-riverine-system-of-monsoon-climate-region-china
#5
Jie Yuan, Siyue Li, Xi Han, Qiuyang Chen, Xiaoli Cheng, Quanfa Zhang
There are increasing concerns in nitrogen (N) pollution worldwide, especially in aquatic ecosystems, and thus quantifying its sources in waterways is critical for pollution prevention and control. In this study, we investigated the spatio-temporal variabilities of inorganic N concentration (i.e., NO3(-), NH4(+)) and total dissolved N (TDN) and identified their sources in waters and suspended matters using an isotopical approach in the Jinshui River, a river with a length of 87km in the monsoon-climate region of China...
March 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050057/aggregate-size-distribution-in-a-biochar-amended-tropical-ultisol-under-conventional-hand-hoe-tillage
#6
Bernard Fungo, Johannes Lehmann, Karsten Kalbitz, Margaret Thionģo, Irene Okeyo, Moses Tenywa, Henry Neufeldt
Biochar (or pyrogenic organic matter) is increasingly proposed as a soil amendment for improving fertility, carbon sequestration and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. However, little is known about its effects on aggregation, an important indicator of soil quality and functioning. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of Eucalyptus wood biochar (B, pyrolyzed at 550 °C, at 0 or 2.5 t ha(-1)), green manure (T, from Tithonia diversifolia at 0, 2.5 or 5.0 t ha(-1)) and mineral nitrogen (U, urea, at 0, or 120 kg N ha(-1)) on soil respiration, aggregate size distribution and SOC in these aggregate size fractions in a 2-year field experiment on a low-fertility Ultisol in western Kenya under conventional hand-hoe tillage...
January 2017: Soil & Tillage Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012404/influence-of-air-quality-on-the-results-of-in-vitro-fertilization-attempts-a-retrospective-study
#7
Julie Carré, Nicolas Gatimel, Jessika Moreau, Jean Parinaud, Roger Leandri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of air quality on the results of IVF. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study on 292 patients who have undergone an IVF attempt from April 2012 to December 2015 in our French university hospital. Patients were included in the study if data on the air quality at home and at work were available and if they haven't been gone for more than 4days in a month. Data were recorded during the 3 months before oocyte collection and 1 month after embryo transfer...
March 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576004/ahr2-morpholino-knockdown-reduces-the-toxicity-of-total-particulate-matter-to-zebrafish-embryos
#8
Andrey Massarsky, Audrey J Bone, Wu Dong, David E Hinton, G L Prasad, Richard T Di Giulio
The zebrafish embryo has been proposed as a 'bridge model' to study the effects of cigarette smoke on early development. Previous studies showed that exposure to total particulate matter (TPM) led to adverse effects in developing zebrafish, and suggested that the antioxidant and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) pathways play important roles. This study investigated the roles of these two pathways in mediating TPM toxicity. The study consisted of four experiments. In experiment I, zebrafish embryos were exposed from 6h post fertilization (hpf) until 96hpf to TPM0...
October 15, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433467/human-and-environmental-dangers-posed-by-ongoing-global-tropospheric-aerosolized-particulates-for-weather-modification
#9
J Marvin Herndon
BACKGROUND: U.S. military perception of nuclear warfare led to countless unethical nuclear experiments performed on unsuspecting individuals without their informed consent. As evidenced here, subsequent perception of weather warfare has led to exposing millions of unsuspecting individuals to toxic coal fly ash with no public disclosure, no informed consent, and no health warnings. METHODS: Three methods were used: (1) comparison of eight elements analyzed in rainwater samples, thought to have leached from aerosolized coal fly ash, with corresponding coal fly ash laboratory leachate; (2) comparison of 14 elements analyzed in air filter dust with corresponding elements in coal fly ash; and (3) comparison of 23 elements analyzed in fibrous mesh found after snow melted with corresponding elements in coal fly ash...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293077/heavy-metals-in-river-and-coast-sediments-of-the-jakarta-bay-region-indonesia-geogenic-versus-anthropogenic-sources
#10
Sven Sindern, Martin Tremöhlen, Larissa Dsikowitzky, Lars Gronen, Jan Schwarzbauer, Tuti Hartati Siregar, Farida Ariyani, Hari Eko Irianto
Sediment geochemistry of the Jakarta region, a densely populated tropical coast, is studied - with particular focus on rivers discharging to Jakarta Bay. Weathering volcanics in the river catchment area control the composition of major elements, As, Cr and in part Cu. In contrast, Zn, Ni, Pb and partly Cu are affected by anthropogenic sources, mainly in central Jakarta City. The data reflect a high variability of local emission sources, among which metal processing industries, fertilizers or untreated animal waste may be important...
September 30, 2016: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234834/crop-residue-management-and-fertilization-effects-on-soil-organic-matter-and-associated-biological-properties
#11
Bingzi Zhao, Jiabao Zhang, Yueyue Yu, Douglas L Karlen, Xiying Hao
Returning crop residue may result in nutrient reduction in soil in the first few years. A two-year field experiment was conducted to assess whether this negative effect is alleviated by improved crop residue management (CRM). Nine treatments (3 CRM and 3 N fertilizer rates) were used. The CRM treatments were (1) R0: 100 % of the N using mineral fertilizer with no crop residues return; (2) R: crop residue plus mineral fertilizer as for the R0; and (3) Rc: crop residue plus 83 % of the N using mineral and 17 % manure fertilizer...
September 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26974565/biochar-affects-soil-organic-matter-cycling-and-microbial-functions-but-does-not-alter-microbial-community-structure-in-a-paddy-soil
#12
Jing Tian, Jingyuan Wang, Michaela Dippold, Yang Gao, Evgenia Blagodatskaya, Yakov Kuzyakov
The application of biochar (BC) in conjunction with mineral fertilizers is one of the most promising management practices recommended to improve soil quality. However, the interactive mechanisms of BC and mineral fertilizer addition affecting microbial communities and functions associated with soil organic matter (SOM) cycling are poorly understood. We investigated the SOM in physical and chemical fractions, microbial community structure (using phospholipid fatty acid analysis, PLFA) and functions (by analyzing enzymes involved in C and N cycling and Biolog) in a 6-year field experiment with BC and NPK amendment...
June 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939571/dust-rains-deliver-diverse-assemblages-of-microorganisms-to-the-eastern-mediterranean
#13
Ghida Nouhad Itani, Colin Andrew Smith
Dust rains may be particularly effective at delivering microorganisms, yet their biodiversities have been seldom examined. During 2011 and 2012 in Beirut, Lebanon, 16 of 21 collected rainfalls appeared dusty. Trajectory modelling of air mass origins was consistent with North African sources and at least one Southwest Asian source. As much as ~4 g particulate matter, ~20 μg DNA, and 50 million colony forming units were found deposited per square meter during rainfalls each lasting less than one day. Sequencing of 93 bacteria and 25 fungi cultured from rain samples revealed diverse bacterial phyla, both Gram positive and negative, and Ascomycota fungi...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26939392/-long-term-exposure-to-pm2-5-from-automobile-exhaust-results-in-reproductive-dysfunction-in-male-rats
#14
Chao Yan, Xi-ning Cao, Lian-ju Shen, Dong-yao Liu, Jin-pu Peng, Jin-jun Chen, Zhou Yue, Chun-lan Long, Tao Lin, Da-wei He, Xu-liang Li, Guang-hui Wei
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of long-term exposure to particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) from automobile exhaust on the reproductive function of Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. METHODS: Forty-five male SD rats, weighing 80 - 94 g and aged 28 days, were randomly assigned to receive intra-tracheal administration of 0.9% normal saline (control group, n = 15), PM2. 5 at 2 μg per 100 g body weight per day (low-dose PM2.5 group, n = 15), and PM2.5 at 16 μg per 100 g body weight per day (high-dose PM2...
February 2016: Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue, National Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26898121/soil-organic-carbon-dynamics-under-long-term-fertilization-in-a-black-soil-of-china-evidence-from-stable-c-isotopes
#15
Xiaolin Dou, Ping He, Ping Zhu, Wei Zhou
Effects of different fertilizers on organic carbon (C) storage and turnover of soil fractions remains unclear. We combined soil fractionation with isotope analyses to examine soil organic carbon (SOC) dynamics after 25 years of fertilization. Five types of soil samples including the initial level (CK) and four fertilization treatments (inorganic nitrogen fertilizer, N; balanced inorganic fertilizer, NPK; inorganic fertilizer plus farmyard manure, MNPK; inorganic fertilizer plus corn straw residue, SNPK) were separated into four aggregate sizes (>2000 μm, 2000-250 μm, 250-53 μm, and <53 μm), and three density fractions: free light fraction (LF), intra-aggregate particulate organic matter (iPOM), and mineral-associated organic matter (mSOM)...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26799711/modelling-the-transport-of-engineered-metallic-nanoparticles-in-the-river-rhine
#16
A A Markus, J R Parsons, E W M Roex, P de Voogt, R W P M Laane
As engineered nanoparticles of zinc oxide, titanium dioxide and silver, are increasingly used in consumer products, they will most probably enter the natural environment via wastewater, atmospheric deposition and other routes. The aim of this study is to predict the concentrations of these nanoparticles via wastewater emissions in a typical river system by means of a numerical model. The calculations rely on estimates of the use of nanomaterials in consumer products and the removal efficiency in wastewater treatment plants as well as model calculations of the fate and transport of nanoparticles in a riverine system...
March 15, 2016: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26762938/the-size-distribution-of-organic-carbon-in-headwater-streams-in-the-amazon-basin
#17
Joana D'Arc de Paula, Flávio Jesus Luizão, Maria Teresa Fernandez Piedade
Despite the strong representativeness of streams in the Amazon basin, their role in the accumulation of coarse particulate organic carbon (CPOC), fine particulate organic carbon (FPOC), and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in transport, an important energy source in these environments, is poorly known. It is known that the arboreal vegetation in the Amazon basin is influenced by soil fertility and rainfall gradients, but would these gradients promote local differences in organic matter in headwater streams? To answer this question, 14 low-order streams were selected within these gradients along the Amazon basin, with extensions that varied between 4 and 8 km...
June 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26740019/coral-mucus-fuels-the-sponge-loop-in-warm-and-cold-water-coral-reef-ecosystems
#18
Laura Rix, Jasper M de Goeij, Christina E Mueller, Ulrich Struck, Jack J Middelburg, Fleur C van Duyl, Fuad A Al-Horani, Christian Wild, Malik S Naumann, Dick van Oevelen
Shallow warm-water and deep-sea cold-water corals engineer the coral reef framework and fertilize reef communities by releasing coral mucus, a source of reef dissolved organic matter (DOM). By transforming DOM into particulate detritus, sponges play a key role in transferring the energy and nutrients in DOM to higher trophic levels on Caribbean reefs via the so-called sponge loop. Coral mucus may be a major DOM source for the sponge loop, but mucus uptake by sponges has not been demonstrated. Here we used laboratory stable isotope tracer experiments to show the transfer of coral mucus into the bulk tissue and phospholipid fatty acids of the warm-water sponge Mycale fistulifera and cold-water sponge Hymedesmia coriacea, demonstrating a direct trophic link between corals and reef sponges...
January 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26724803/adult-air-pollution-exposure-and-risk-of-infertility-in-the-nurses-health-study-ii
#19
S Mahalingaiah, J E Hart, F Laden, L V Farland, M M Hewlett, J Chavarro, A Aschengrau, S A Missmer
STUDY QUESTION: Is there an association between air pollution exposures and incident infertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Increased exposure to air pollution is associated with an increased incidence of infertility. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Exposures to air pollution have been associated with lower conception and fertility rates. However, the impact of pollution on infertility incidence is unknown. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: Prospective cohort study using data collected from 116 430 female nurses from September 1989 to December 2003 as part of the Nurses' Health Study II cohort...
March 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26717026/seasonal-variations-and-size-distributions-of-water-soluble-ions-of-atmospheric-particulate-matter-at-shigatse-tibetan-plateau
#20
Yongjie Yang, Rui Zhou, Yan Yan, Yue Yu, Junqing Liu, Yi'an Di, Zhenyu Du, Dan Wu
Size-segregated atmospheric particulate matter (PM) samples were collected from July 2012 to September 2013 at Shigatse, high-altitude (3836 m above sea level) site on the south Tibetan Plateau (TP); objectives were to determine the characteristics and size distribution of water-soluble ions (WSIs). Eight major WSIs (Na(+), K(+), Mg(2+), Ca(2+), NH4(+), Cl(-), SO4(2-), and NO3(-)) were detected by ion chromatography. The total concentrations of WSIs were 6370 ± 1916 ng m(-3) in dry season (October - December, January - April), and 5261 ± 769 ng/m(3) during wet phase (May - September)...
February 2016: Chemosphere
keyword
keyword
108743
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"