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Pollution and diabet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095285/urine-levels-of-phthalate-metabolites-and-bisphenol-a-in-relation-to-main-metabolic-syndrome-components-dyslipidemia-hypertension-and-type-2-diabetes-a-pilot-study
#1
Roman Piecha, Štěpán Svačina, Marek Malý, Karel Vrbík, Zdenka Lacinová, Martin Haluzík, Jana Pavloušková, Adam Vavrouš, Dagmar Matějková, Dana Müllerová, Miloš Mráz, Martin Matoulek
AIM: Human exposure to organic pollutants (some of them also called endocrine disruptors) can be associated with adverse metabolic health outcomes including type 2 diabetes. The goal of this study was to compare the urine levels of bisphenol A and phthalate metabolites in subgroups of patients with metabolic syndrome composed of patients with and without three important components of metabolic syndrome (hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes). METHODS: We have investigated 24 hr urine samples of 168 patients with metabolic syndrome from the Metabolic Outpatient Department of General University Hospital in Prague...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076319/impact-of-nutrition-on-pollutant-toxicity-an-update-with-new-insights-into-epigenetic-regulation
#2
Jessie B Hoffman, Michael C Petriello, Bernhard Hennig
Exposure to environmental pollutants is a global health problem and is associated with the development of many chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes and metabolic syndrome. There is a growing body of evidence that nutrition can both positively and negatively modulate the toxic effects of pollutant exposure. Diets high in proinflammatory fats, such as linoleic acid, can exacerbate pollutant toxicity, whereas diets rich in bioactive and anti-inflammatory food components, including omega-3 fatty acids and polyphenols, can attenuate toxicant-associated inflammation...
January 11, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063597/living-near-major-roads-and-the-incidence-of-dementia-parkinson-s-disease-and-multiple-sclerosis-a-population-based-cohort-study
#3
Hong Chen, Jeffrey C Kwong, Ray Copes, Karen Tu, Paul J Villeneuve, Aaron van Donkelaar, Perry Hystad, Randall V Martin, Brian J Murray, Barry Jessiman, Andrew S Wilton, Alexander Kopp, Richard T Burnett
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that living near major roads might adversely affect cognition. However, little is known about its relationship with the incidence of dementia, Parkinson's disease, and multiple sclerosis. We aimed to investigate the association between residential proximity to major roadways and the incidence of these three neurological diseases in Ontario, Canada. METHODS: In this population-based cohort study, we assembled two population-based cohorts including all adults aged 20-50 years (about 4·4 million; multiple sclerosis cohort) and all adults aged 55-85 years (about 2·2 million; dementia or Parkinson's disease cohort) who resided in Ontario, Canada on April 1, 2001...
January 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054921/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-air-pollutants-on-diabetic-wounds
#4
Young Suk Choi, Il-Hoon Sung, Ji Yun Lim, A Hyun Kyun, Eui Dong Yeo, Sun Geun Lee, Young Koo Lee
BACKGROUND: Although air pollution containing fine dust particles is gaining attention worldwide, little is known about the effects of such pollutants on diabetic wounds. Air pollutants from diesel exhaust particles (DEPs) cause inflammation, resulting in an increased expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemo- kines, which attract monocytes and T cells to the sites of inflamma- tion. The authors evaluated the effects of air pollutants on diabetic wounds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fibroblast cells were derived from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats...
December 29, 2016: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025522/residential-proximity-to-major-roadways-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-analysis
#5
Zhiqing Zhao, Faying Lin, Bennett Wang, Yihai Cao, Xu Hou, Yangang Wang
Research indicates that higher levels of traffic-related pollution exposure increase the risk of diabetes, but the association between road proximity and diabetes risk remains unclear. To assess and quantify the association between residential proximity to major roadways and type 2 diabetes, a systematic review and meta-analysis was performed. Embase, Medline, and Web of Science were searched for eligible studies. Using a random-effects meta-analysis, the summary relative risks (RRs) were calculated. Bayesian meta-analysis was also performed...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025108/di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-could-disrupt-the-insulin-signaling-pathway-in-liver-of-sd-rats-and-l02-cells-via-ppar%C3%AE
#6
Wang Zhang, Xin-Yue Shen, Wen-Wen Zhang, Hao Chen, Wei-Ping Xu, Wei Wei
Di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate (DEHP), a ubiquitous industrial pollutant in our daily life, has been reported to cause adverse effects on glucose homeostasis and insulin sensitivity in epidemiological studies previously. Recently, it has been reported to be an endocrine disrupter and ligand to peroxisome proliferator activated receptor, which could influence the homeostasis of liver metabolic systems and contribute to the development of type-2 diabetes. However, the potential mechanisms are not known yet. This study was designed to solve these problems with male SD rats and normal human hepatocyte line, L02 cells, exposed to DEHP for toxicological experiments...
December 23, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011135/hypertension-diabetes-and-lifestyle-in-the-long-term-results-from-a-swiss-population-based-cohort
#7
Diana Walther, Ivan Curjuric, Julia Dratva, Emmanuel Schaffner, Carlos Quinto, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Ikenna C Eze, Luc Burdet, Marco Pons, Margaret W Gerbase, Medea Imboden, Christian Schindler, Nicole Probst-Hensch
Healthy lifestyles are integral in preventing and treating common cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. The aim of this study was to observe smoking habits, alcohol intake, physical activity and body mass index over a 10-year period in a population-based cohort, particularly focusing on participants with hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Included were 4155 participants from the first (2001-2003) and second (2010-2011) follow-ups of the Swiss Cohort Study on Air Pollution and Lung and Heart Disease in Adults (SAPALDIA)...
December 20, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001123/fine-scale-spatial-and-temporal-variation-in-temperature-and-arrhythmia-episodes-in-the-va-normative-aging-study
#8
Antonella Zanobetti, Brent A Coull, Itai Kloog, David Sparrow, Pantel S Vokonas, Diane R Gold, Joel Schwartz
: Many studies have demonstrated that cold and hot temperatures are associated with increased deaths and hospitalization rates; new findings indicate also an association with more specific cardiac risk factors. Most of these existing studies have relied on few weather stations to characterize exposures; few have used residence-specific estimates of temperature, or examined the exposure-response function. We investigated the association of arrhythmia episodes with spatial and temporal variation in temperature...
January 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990700/biomass-fuel-smoke-exposure-was-associated-with-adverse-cardiac-remodeling-and-left-ventricular-dysfunction-in-peru
#9
Melissa S Burroughs Peña, Eric J Velazquez, Jose D Rivera, Fawaz Alenezi, Catherine Wong, Matthew Grigsby, Victor G Davila-Roman, Robert H Gilman, Jaime J Miranda, William Checkley
BACKGROUND: While household air pollution from biomass fuel combustion has been linked to cardiovascular disease, the effects on cardiac structure and function have not been well described. We sought to determine the association between biomass fuel smoke exposure and cardiac structure and function by transthoracic echocardiography. METHODS: We identified a random sample of urban and rural residents living in the high-altitude region of Puno, Peru. Daily biomass fuel use was self-reported...
December 19, 2016: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968831/mortality-as-a-function-of-dust-haze-in-china-a-multi-city-time-series-study
#10
Jun Yang, Maigeng Zhou, Peng Yin, Mengmeng Li, Chun-Quan Ou, Shaohua Gu, Qiyong Liu
BACKGROUND: In recent years, hazardous dust-hazehas become one of the most catastrophic weather events in China. Reliable estimation of the burden of dust-haze on health has implications for implementation of mitigation measures. We did a time-series study to examine the health effects of dust-haze in China. METHODS: A dust-haze day was defined ashaving daily visibility of less than 10 km, no rainfall, and relative humidity of less than 80%. A two-stage analysis was used to assess the effect of dust-haze on city-specific, cause-specific, sex-specific, and age-specific mortality in ten Chinese provincial capitals...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923100/effects-of-air-pollution-exposure-on-glucose-metabolism-in-los-angeles-minority-children
#11
C M Toledo-Corral, T L Alderete, R Habre, K Berhane, F W Lurmann, M J Weigensberg, M I Goran, F D Gilliland
OBJECTIVES: Growing evidence indicates that ambient (AAP: NO2 , PM2.5 and O3 ) and traffic-related air pollutants (TRAP) contribute to metabolic disease risk in adults; however, few studies have examined these relationships in children. METHODS: Metabolic profiling was performed in 429 overweight and obese African-American and Latino youth living in urban Los Angeles, California. This cross-sectional study estimated individual residential air pollution exposure and used linear regression to examine relationships between air pollution and metabolic outcomes...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917590/antichaperone-activity-and-heme-degradation-effect-of-methyl-tert-butyl-ether-mtbe-on-normal-and-diabetic-hemoglobins
#12
Ismaeil Hossein Najdegerami, Parvaneh Maghami, Vahid Sheikh-Hasani, Ghader Hosseinzadeh, Nader Sheibani, Ali A Moosavi-Movahedi
Because of the extensive use of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) as an additive to increase the octane quality of gasoline, the environmental pollution by this compound has increased in recent decades. Environmental release of MTBE may lead to its entry to the blood stream through inhalation or drinking of contaminated water, and its interactions with biological molecules such as proteins. The present study was proposed to comparatively investigate the interactions of MTBE with hemoglobin (Hb) from diabetic and nondiabetic individuals using various spectroscopic methods including UV-visible, fluorescence, chemiluminescence, and circular dichroism...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917198/diabetes-mellitus-among-tuberculosis-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-from-pakistan
#13
Zarfishan Tahir, Mansur-Ud-Din Ahmad, Abdul Majeed Akhtar, Tahir Yaqub, Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq, Hasnain Javed
BACKGROUND: The co-occurrence of diabetes mellitus (DM) and tuberculosis (TB) is largely associated with high frequency of morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of DM among TB patients and describe the socio-demographic and behavioral factors associated with TB-DM co-occurrence. METHODS: We enrolled 500 TB patients from September, 2014 to August 2015 at four major public sector hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan. A questionnaire was used to collect information regarding associated socio-demographic and behavioral factors of the patients...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879970/mortality-hospital-days-and-expenditures-attributable-to-ambient-air-pollution-from-particulate-matter-in-israel
#14
Gary M Ginsberg, Ehud Kaliner, Itamar Grotto
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, ambient air pollution accounts for around 3.7 million deaths annually. Measuring the burden of disease is important not just for advocacy but also is a first step towards carrying out a full cost-utility analysis in order to prioritise technological interventions that are available to reduce air pollution (and subsequent morbidity and mortality) from industrial, power generating and vehicular sources. METHODS: We calculated the average national exposure to particulate matter particles less than 2...
2016: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869965/-new-century-new-challenges-changes-in-the-burden-of-disease-profile-in-brazil-1990-2010
#15
Fatima Marinho, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Elisabeth Barboza França
OBJECTIVE: to describe the burden of disease in Brazil from 1990 to 2010. METHODS: analysis of the estimates of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010 - Years of Life Lost due to premature mortality (YLL), Years Lost due to Disability (YLD), Disability-Adjusted Life Year (DALY=YLL+YLD) and risk factors. RESULTS: there was a decrease in deaths due to diarrhea and an increase in deaths due to diabetes and kidney disease, whilst deaths due to homicides and traffic accidents remained stable; cardiovascular diseases continued to be the leading cause of death despite a 30% reduction; the largest increases in DALY were due to diabetes and musculoskeletal diseases in women and alcohol abuse and low back pain in men; the main risk factors were poor diet and high blood pressure; smoking, domestic pollution and insufficient breastfeeding were found to have reduced...
October 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857245/the-benefits-of-constraining-processed-meat-and-red-meat-consumption-in-new-zealand-a-public-health-perspective
#16
Christine L Cleghorn, Nick Wilson
There is now strong scientific evidence of an increased risk of colorectal cancer with processed meat consumption, some evidence of red meats being associated with colorectal cancer and some evidence of an association between red and processed meat and cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. This is important as these diseases collectively impose substantial health loss for New Zealanders and also large costs on publicly-funded health systems. There are also other indirect health issues involved with meat production including pollution of waterways and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from ruminant agriculture that contribute to climate change...
November 18, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848434/reducing-exposure-to-synthetic-chemicals-can-fight-diabetes
#17
(no author information available yet)
A growing body of evidence suggests that environmental 'pollutants' contribute to metabolic disorders, particularly obesity and diabetes, by disrupting the production and regulation of hormones.
November 9, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835752/chemical-components-of-respirable-particulate-matter-associated-with-emergency-hospital-admissions-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-hong-kong
#18
Shengzhi Sun, Hong Qiu, Kin-Fai Ho, Linwei Tian
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have shown that short-term exposure to particulate matter (PM) mass is associated with diabetes morbidity and mortality, although inconsistencies still exist. Variation of chemical components in PM may have contributed to these inconsistencies. We hypothesize that certain components of respirable particulate matter (PM10), not simply PM10 mass, can exacerbate symptoms or cause acute complications for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: We used a Poisson time-series model to examine the association between 17 chemical components of PM10 and daily emergency hospital admissions for T2DM among residents aged 65years or above from January 1998 to December 2007 in Hong Kong...
December 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806465/association-between-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene-in-the-serum-and-adipose-tissue-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Yadolah Fakhri, Amir Sheikhmohammadi, Abotaleb Bay, Yahya Zandsalimi, Bigard Moradi, Moayed Avazpour, Milad Moloudizargari, Milad Adel, Sayed Mohsen Mohseni, Hassan Keramati
The number of diabetics is growing every day. In addition to the main risk factors of type 2 diabetes (obesity, age and etc.) other environmental risk factors such as persistent organic pollutants are also considered. Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene is one of the persistent organic pollutants which are produced by the pesticide DDT metabolized and its effects of type 2 diabetes are taken into consideration of many investigators. Inconsistency in the results caused to try to achieve a detailed assessment of the effect of dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene on type 2 diabetes by systematic review and meta-analysis...
June 30, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768585/future-of-environmental-research-in-the-age-of-epigenomics-and-exposomics
#20
Nina Holland
Environmental research and public health in the 21st century face serious challenges such as increased air pollution and global warming, widespread use of potentially harmful chemicals including pesticides, plasticizers, and other endocrine disruptors, and radical changes in nutrition and lifestyle typical of modern societies. In particular, exposure to environmental and occupational toxicants may contribute to the occurrence of adverse birth outcomes, neurodevelopmental deficits, and increased risk of cancer and other multifactorial diseases such as diabetes and asthma...
October 21, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
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