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Noise pollution

Nina Rautio, Svetlana Filatova, Heli Lehtiniemi, Jouko Miettunen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The notion that environment affects mental health has a long history; in this systematic review, we aimed to study whether the living environment is related to depressive mood. METHODS: We searched databases of PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science for population-based original studies prior to October 2016. We included studies that measured depressive symptoms or depression and had measures of urbanization, population density, aesthetics of living environment, house/built environment, green areas, walkability, noise, air pollution or services...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Saeid Golbidi, Huige Li, Ismail Laher
SIGNIFICANCE: Modern technologies have eased our lives but these conveniences can impact our lifestyles in destructive ways. Noise pollution, mental stresses, and smoking (as a stress-relieving solution) are some environmental hazards which affect our well-being and health care budgets. Scrutinizing their pathophysiology could lead to solutions to reduce their harmful effects. Recent advances: Oxidative stress plays an important role in initiating local and systemic inflammation following noise pollution, mental stress, and smoking...
December 6, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Rachel B Smith, Daniela Fecht, John Gulliver, Sean D Beevers, David Dajnak, Marta Blangiardo, Rebecca E Ghosh, Anna L Hansell, Frank J Kelly, H Ross Anderson, Mireille B Toledano
Objective To investigate the relation between exposure to both air and noise pollution from road traffic and birth weight outcomes.Design Retrospective population based cohort study.Setting Greater London and surrounding counties up to the M25 motorway (2317 km2), UK, from 2006 to 2010.Participants 540 365 singleton term live births.Main outcome measures Term low birth weight (LBW), small for gestational age (SGA) at term, and term birth weight.Results Average air pollutant exposures across pregnancy were 41 μg/m3 nitrogen dioxide (NO2), 73 μg/m3 nitrogen oxides (NOx), 14 μg/m3 particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter <2...
December 5, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Rose Meleady, Dominic Abrams, Julie Van de Vyver, Tim Hopthrow, Lynsey Mahmood, Abigail Player, Ruth Lamont, Ana C Leite
By leaving their engines idling for long periods, drivers contribute unnecessarily to air pollution, waste fuel, and produce noise and fumes that harm the environment. Railway level crossings are sites where many cars idle, many times a day. In this research, testing two psychological theories of influence, we examine the potential to encourage drivers to switch off their ignition while waiting at rail crossings. Two field studies presented different signs at a busy rail crossing site with a 2-min average wait...
December 2017: Environment and Behavior
Mingming Liu, Lijun Dong, Mingli Lin, Songhai Li
Ship noise pollution has raised considerable concerns among regulatory agencies and cetacean researchers worldwide. There is an urgent need to quantify ship noise in coastal areas and assess its potential biological impacts. In this study, underwater broadband noise from commercial ships in a critical habitat of Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins was recorded and analyzed. Data analysis indicated that the ship noise caused by the investigated commercial ships with an average length of 134 ± 81 m, traveling at 18...
November 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Ikenna C Eze, Medea Imboden, Maria Foraster, Emmanuel Schaffner, Ashish Kumar, Danielle Vienneau, Harris Héritier, Franziska Rudzik, Laurie Thiesse, Reto Pieren, Arnold von Eckardstein, Christian Schindler, Mark Brink, Jean-Marc Wunderli, Christian Cajochen, Martin Röösli, Nicole Probst-Hensch
Traffic noise has been linked to diabetes, with limited understanding of its mechanisms. We hypothesize that night-time road traffic noise (RTN) may impair glucose homeostasis through circadian rhythm disturbances. We prospectively investigated the relationship between residential night-time RTN and subsequent eight-year change in glycosylated hemoglobin (ΔHbA1c) in 3350 participants of the Swiss Cohort Study on Air Pollution and Lung and Heart Diseases in Adults (SAPALDIA), adjusting for diabetes risk factors and air pollution levels...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Duc V Le, Thuong Nguyen, Hans Scholten, Paul J M Havinga
Energy consumption is a critical performance and user experience metric when developing mobile sensing applications, especially with the significantly growing number of sensing applications in recent years. As proposed a decade ago when mobile applications were still not popular and most mobile operating systems were single-tasking, conventional sensing paradigms such as opportunistic sensing and participatory sensing do not explore the relationship among concurrent applications for energy-intensive tasks. In this paper, inspired by social relationships among living creatures in nature, we propose a symbiotic sensing paradigm that can conserve energy, while maintaining equivalent performance to existing paradigms...
November 29, 2017: Sensors
Jianhu Zhao, Junxia Meng, Hongmei Zhang, Shiqi Wang
Multibeam echosounder systems (MBES) can record backscatter strengths of gas plumes in the water column (WC) images that may be an indicator of possible occurrence of gas at certain depths. Manual or automatic detection is generally adopted in finding gas plumes, but frequently results in low efficiency and high false detection rates because of WC images that are polluted by noise. To improve the efficiency and reliability of the detection, a comprehensive detection method is proposed in this paper. In the proposed method, the characteristics of WC background noise are first analyzed and given...
November 29, 2017: Sensors
Karen de Jong, M Clara P Amorim, Paulo J Fonseca, Clive J Fox, Katja U Heubel
There are substantial concerns that increasing levels of anthropogenic noise in the oceans may impact aquatic animals. Noise can affect animals physically, physiologically and behaviourally, but one of the most obvious effects is interference with acoustic communication. Acoustic communication often plays a crucial role in reproductive interactions and over 800 species of fish have been found to communicate acoustically. There is very little data on whether noise affects reproduction in aquatic animals, and none in relation to acoustic communication...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Lei Ma, Yu Gao, Tengyu Fu, Liang Cheng, Zhenjie Chen, Manchun Li
When estimating national PM2.5 concentrations, the results of traditional interpolation algorithms are unreliable due to a lack of monitoring sites and heterogeneous spatial distributions. PM2.5 spatial distribution is strongly correlated to elevation, and the information diffusion algorithm has been shown to be highly reliable when dealing with sparse data interpolation issues. Therefore, to overcome the disadvantages of traditional algorithms, we proposed a method combining elevation data with the information diffusion algorithm...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Ghuncha Firdaus
Numerous studies suggest 'social gradient' in health, but it is less clear whether every step up the socio-economic ladder improves health by the same degree. Based on 4326 households, the present study examines the relationship between household income and psychological distress while identifying specific risk factor in different income groups. Overall, 26.5% of sampled households were reported for being distressed. Work pressure (OR 2.0, p < 0.01) and reducing time for family/friends (OR 1.79, p < 0...
November 13, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
Mousumi Goswami, Darrel Singh, Binny Vashist, Sugandha Marwaha
Aim: To analyse sound levels and sound pollution in a Pediatric Dental Clinic and to analyse whether the levels are significant to the extent of being a health hazard. Methods: Noise levels were measured in a Pediatric dental clinic in an institutional setting with a precision noise level meter ((HTC 1350). Recordings were taken at different times of the day, at the centre, chair-side, reception, play area and four corners of the department keeping the microphone at a distance of 6 in...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Ann-Christin Honnen, Michael T Monaghan, Igor Sharakhov
Mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) occur in natural, urban, and peri-urban areas throughout the globe. Although the characteristics of urban and peri-urban habitats differ from those of natural habitats in many ways (e.g., fragmentation, pollution, noise, and light), few studies have examined the population connectivity of mosquitoes in urban areas. To obtain an overview of the species composition, we sampled mosquitoes from 23 sites in and around the city of Berlin, Germany. Of 23 species, five occurred in urban, 10 in peri-urban, and 20 in rural areas...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
Rachel Przeslawski, Zhi Huang, Jade Anderson, Andrew G Carroll, Matthew Edmunds, Lynton Hurt, Stefan Williams
Marine seismic surveys are an important tool to map geology beneath the seafloor and manage petroleum resources, but they are also a source of underwater noise pollution. A mass mortality of scallops in the Bass Strait, Australia occurred a few months after a marine seismic survey in 2010, and fishing groups were concerned about the potential relationship between the two events. The current study used three field-based methods to investigate the potential impact of marine seismic surveys on scallops in the region: 1) dredging and 2) deployment of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) were undertaken to examine the potential response of two species of scallops (Pecten fumatus, Mimachlamys asperrima) before, two months after, and ten months after a 2015 marine seismic survey; and 3) MODIS satellite data revealed patterns of sea surface temperatures from 2006-2016...
October 30, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Ruben Brondeel, Yan Kestens, Basile Chaix
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is widely recognized as one of the leading causes of mortality, and transport accounts for a large part of people's daily physical activity. This study develops a simulation approach to evaluate the impact of the Ile-de-France Urban Mobility Plan (2010-2020) on physical activity, under the hypothesis that the intended transport mode shifts are realized. METHODS: Based on the Global Transport Survey (2010, n = 21,332) and on the RECORD GPS Study (2012-2013, n = 229) from the French capital region of Paris (Ile-de-France), a simulation method was designed and tested...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Ioannis Massas, Dionisios Gasparatos, Dafni Ioannou, Dionisios Kalivas
Emissions from civil airports are similar to those observed in industrial and urban areas. While air pollution and noise levels are regularly monitored and assessed, information on the status of heavy metals in soils close to airport facilities is limited. In this study, we monitored and assessed heavy metal distribution in soils close to Athens International Airport (AIA) in Attica, Greece. Following a grid sampling scenario, topsoil samples were collected from 86 sites at the periphery of AIA and total and available forms of Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, Ni, Cr, Pb, and Ba concentrations were determined in aqua regia and DTPA soil extracts, respectively...
October 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Steve Hankey, Julian D Marshall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Urban form can impact air pollution and public health. We reviewed health-related articles that assessed (1) the relationships among urban form, air pollution, and health as well as (2) aspects of the urban environment (i.e., green space, noise, physical activity) that may modify those relationships. RECENT FINDINGS: Simulation and empirical studies demonstrate an association between compact growth, improved regional air quality, and health. Most studies are cross-sectional and focus on connections between transportation emissions and land use...
December 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Gordana Ristovska, Payam Dadvand
Introduction: Three recent systematic reviews suggested a relationship between noise exposure and adverse birth outcomes. The aim of this review was to evaluate the evidence for the World Health Organization (WHO) noise guidelines and conduct an updated systematic review of environmental noise, specifically aircraft and road traffic noise and birth outcomes, such as preterm birth, low birth weight, being small for gestational age and congenital malformations. Materials and methods: We reviewed again all the papers on environmental noise and birth outcomes included in the previous three systematic reviews and conducted a systematic search on noise and birth outcomes to update previous reviews...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Chunyan Hao, Paul A Helm, David Morse, Eric J Reiner
Organophosphorus flame retardants (OPFRs) started to be used in plastics, electronics and furnishings back in the 1960s and became popular again last decade. They are now widely present in the environment and regarded as "new" emerging organic pollutants. An effective liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) direct injection analysis (DIA) method was developed to monitor OPFR levels in aquatic environment. The removal of sample extraction and concentration steps not only improved operation efficiency, but also reduced the potential contamination commonly observed during the sample preparation process before...
October 10, 2017: Chemosphere
Marie Barba-Vasseur, Nadine Bernard, Sophie Pujol, Paul Sagot, Didier Riethmuller, Gérard Thiriez, Hélène Houot, Jérôme Defrance, Anne-Sophie Mariet, Vinh-Phuc Luu, Alice Barbier, Eric Benzenine, Catherine Quantin, Frédéric Mauny
Background: Preterm birth (PB) is an important predictor of childhood morbidity and educational performance. Beyond the known risk factors, environmental factors, such as air pollution and noise, have been implicated in PB. In urban areas, these pollutants coexist. Very few studies have examined the effects of multi-exposure on the pregnancy duration. The objective of this study was to analyse the relationship between PB and environmental chronic multi-exposure to noise and air pollution in medium-sized cities...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
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