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Noise pollution

G Notarbartolo di Sciara
Despite being a small part of the world's oceans, the Mediterranean Sea hosts a diverse marine mammal fauna, with a total of 28 different species known to occur, or to have occurred, in the region. Species currently recognised as regular in the Mediterranean-the Mediterranean monk seal (Monachus monachus) and 11 cetaceans (fin whale, Balaenoptera physalus; sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus; Cuvier's beaked whale, Ziphius cavirostris; short-beaked common dolphin, Delphinus delphis; long-finned pilot whale, Globicephala melas; Risso's dolphin, Grampus griseus; killer whale, Orcinus orca; striped dolphin, Stenella coeruleoalba; rough-toothed dolphin, Steno bredanensis; common bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus; harbour porpoise, Phocoena phocoena relicta) have adapted well to the region's environmental conditions, but their coexistence with humans is problematic...
2016: Advances in Marine Biology
Rocío Carmona, Cristina Linares, Cristina Ortiz, Blanca Vázquez, Julio Díaz
BACKGROUND: Although the effects of noise on population morbidity and mortality have been observed both in the short and long term, the morbidity and mortality indicators used to date have not enabled information on such health effects to be accessed in real time. At an international level, there are relatively few studies, mostly recent, which have considered an alternative indicator, such as the demand for medical attention provided by emergency services, taking into account environmental factors other than noise...
October 19, 2016: Environmental Research
Jinbo Zuo, Hao Xia, Shuo Liu, Yanyou Qiao
Noise mapping is an effective method of visualizing and accessing noise pollution. In this paper, a noise-mapping method based on smartphones to effectively and easily measure environmental noise is proposed. By using this method, a noise map of an entire area can be created using limited measurement data. To achieve the measurement with certain precision, a set of methods was designed to calibrate the smartphones. Measuring noise with mobile phones is different from the traditional static observations. The users may be moving at any time...
October 13, 2016: Sensors
Peter James, Jaime E Hart, Rachel F Banay, Francine Laden, Lisa B Signorello
INTRODUCTION: Urban environments are associated with a higher risk of adverse mental health outcomes; however, it is unclear which specific components of the urban environment drive these associations. METHODS: Using data collected in 2002-2009 from 73,225 low-income, racially diverse individuals across the Southeastern U.S., analyses evaluated the cross-sectional relationship between a walkability index and depression. Walkability was calculated from population density, street connectivity, and destination count in the 1,200-meter area around participants' homes, and depression was measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale for depression symptomatology and questionnaire responses regarding doctor-diagnosed depression and antidepressant use...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Jaana I Halonen, Hakim-Moulay Dehbi, Anna L Hansell, John Gulliver, Daniela Fecht, Marta Blangiardo, Frank J Kelly, Nish Chaturvedi, Mika Kivimäki, Cathryn Tonne
BACKGROUND: Road traffic noise has been linked to increased risk of stroke, for which hypertension and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) are risk factors. A link between traffic noise and hypertension has been established, but there are few studies on blood pressure and no studies on cIMT. OBJECTIVES: To examine cross-sectional associations for long-term exposure to night-time noise with cIMT, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and hypertension...
October 3, 2016: Environment International
Jessica L Yorzinski, Fredrick S Hermann
Natural environments are increasingly exposed to high levels of noise pollution. Noise pollution can alter the behavior of animals but we know little about its effects on antipredator behavior. We therefore investigated the impact of noise pollution on vigilance behavior and roost selection in an avian species, peafowl (Pavo cristatus), that inhabits urban environments. Captive peahens were exposed to noise pollution at night and their vigilance levels and roost selections were monitored. The vigilance levels of peahens were unaffected by exposure to noise pollution within trials...
2016: PeerJ
Yi Zeng, Jia-Qiang Ren, Ai-Guo Shen, Ji-Ming Hu
Field and pretreatment-free detection of heavy metal ions in organic polluted water is important but still challenging in current water pollution emergency response system. Here we report a Poly adenine-DNA-mediated approach for rationally designed alkyne-coded surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) test kit, enabling rapid and simultaneous detection of Hg2+ and Ag+ by portable spectrometer, impervious to organic interferences. Due to the formation of thymine (T)-Hg2+-T and cytosine (C)-Ag+-C, highly recognizable SERS signals are rapidly detected when two different alkynes labeled gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are induced to undergo controllable bridging upon the additive of low volume targets...
October 3, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Wilma Zijlema, Yutong Cai, Dany Doiron, Stéphane Mbatchou, Isabel Fortier, John Gulliver, Kees de Hoogh, David Morley, Susan Hodgson, Paul Elliott, Timothy Key, Havard Kongsgard, Kristian Hveem, Amadou Gaye, Paul Burton, Anna Hansell, Ronald Stolk, Judith Rosmalen
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to road traffic noise may increase blood pressure and heart rate. It is unclear to what extent exposure to air pollution may influence this relationship. We investigated associations between noise, blood pressure and heart rate, with harmonized data from three European cohorts, while taking into account exposure to air pollution. METHODS: Road traffic noise exposure was assessed using a European noise model based on the Common Noise Assessment Methods in Europe framework (CNOSSOS-EU)...
September 28, 2016: Environmental Research
James F Sallis, Fiona Bull, Ricky Burdett, Lawrence D Frank, Peter Griffiths, Billie Giles-Corti, Mark Stevenson
Land-use and transport policies contribute to worldwide epidemics of injuries and non-communicable diseases through traffic exposure, noise, air pollution, social isolation, low physical activity, and sedentary behaviours. Motorised transport is a major cause of the greenhouse gas emissions that are threatening human health. Urban and transport planning and urban design policies in many cities do not reflect the accumulating evidence that, if policies would take health effects into account, they could benefit a wide range of common health problems...
September 19, 2016: Lancet
Billie Giles-Corti, Anne Vernez-Moudon, Rodrigo Reis, Gavin Turrell, Andrew L Dannenberg, Hannah Badland, Sarah Foster, Melanie Lowe, James F Sallis, Mark Stevenson, Neville Owen
Significant global health challenges are being confronted in the 21st century, prompting calls to rethink approaches to disease prevention. A key part of the solution is city planning that reduces non-communicable diseases and road trauma while also managing rapid urbanisation. This Series of papers considers the health impacts of city planning through transport mode choices. In this, the first paper, we identify eight integrated regional and local interventions that, when combined, encourage walking, cycling, and public transport use, while reducing private motor vehicle use...
September 19, 2016: Lancet
Tao Chen, Jun He, Xiaowei Lu, Jiangfeng She, Zhongqing Guan
The serious air pollution problem has aroused widespread public concerns in China. Nanjing city, as one of the famous cities of China, is faced with the same situation. This research aims to investigate spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and the influence of weather factors on PM2.5 in Nanjing using Spearman-Rank analysis and the Complete Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition with Adaptive Noise (CEEMDAN) method. Hourly PM2.5 observation data and daily meteorological data were collected from 1 April 2013 to 31 December 2015...
2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Marie Pedersen, Thorhallur I Halldorsson, Sjurdur F Olsen, Dorrit Hjortebjerg, Matthias Ketzel, Charlotta Grandström, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Mette Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Road traffic is a majorsource of air pollution and noise. Both exposures have been associated with hypertension in adults, but pregnant womenhave been less studied. METHODS: We examined single and joint effects of ambient air pollution and road traffic noise on preeclampsia and pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders among 72,745 singleton pregnancies (1997-2002) from the Danish National Birth Cohort with complete covariate data and residential address history from conception until liveborn birth...
September 15, 2016: Epidemiology
Davide M Dominoni, Stefan Greif, Erwin Nemeth, Henrik Brumm
Anthropogenic noise is of increasing concern to biologists and medical scientists. Its detrimental effects on human health have been well studied, with the high noise levels from air traffic being of particular concern. However, less is known about the effects of airport noise pollution on signal masking in wild animals. Here, we report a relationship between aircraft noise and two major features of the singing behavior of birds. We found that five of ten songbird species began singing significantly earlier in the morning in the vicinity of a major European airport than their conspecifics at a quieter control site...
September 2016: Ecology and Evolution
Jian Hang, Zhiwen Luo, Xuemei Wang, Lejian He, Baomin Wang, Wei Zhu
Environmental concerns have been raised on the adverse health effects of vehicle emissions in micro-scale traffic-crowded street canyons, especially for pedestrians and residents living in near-road buildings. Viaduct design is sometimes used to improve transportation efficiency but possibly affects urban airflow and the resultant exposure risk, which have been rarely investigated so far. The personal intake fraction (P_IF) is defined as the average fraction of total emissions that is inhaled by each person of a population (1 ppm = 1 × 10(-6)), and the daily carbon monoxide (CO) pollutant exposure (Et) is estimated by multiplying the average concentration of a specific micro-environment within one day...
September 13, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Virginia Arroyo, Julio Díaz, Rocío Carmona, Cristina Ortiz, Cristina Linares
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Low birth weight (<2500 g) (LBW), premature birth (<37 weeks of gestation) (PB), and late foetal death (<24 h of life) (LFD) are causes of perinatal morbi-mortality, with short- and long-term social and economic health impacts. This study sought to identify gestational windows of susceptibility during pregnancy and to analyse and quantify the impact of different air pollutants, noise and temperature on the adverse birth outcomes. METHODS: Time-series study to assess the impact of mean daily PM2...
November 2016: Environmental Pollution
Deepak Singh, Amit Kumar, Krishan Kumar, Bupender Singh, Usha Mina, Braj Bihari Singh, Vinod Kumar Jain
Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) is considered to be of great concern due to its adverse impact on the human health nowadays. The presence of different air pollutants along with noise may aggravate the IAQ. The present study attempts to examine IAQ in terms of major criteria air pollutants (O3, NOx=NO+NO2, CO and PM2.5) along with total volatile organic compound (TVOC), individual VOC and noise pollution in indoor and outdoor environment of a Commercial Shopping Complex (CSC) in Delhi. Real time measurements have been carried out for O3, NOx, CO, PM2...
August 27, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Veena D Manwar, Bibhuti B Mandal, Asim K Pal
BACKGROUND: Noise mapping being an established practice in Europe is hardly practiced for noise management in India although it is mandatory in Indian mines as per guidelines of the Directorate General of Mines Safety (DGMS). As a pilot study, noise mapping was conducted in an opencast mine with three different models; one based on the baseline operating conditions in two shifts (Situation A), and two other virtual situations where either production targets were enhanced by extending working hours to three shifts (Situation B) or only by increased mechanization and not changing the duration of work (Situation C)...
July 2016: Noise & Health
Shiliang Jia, Zhenhua Wang, Ning Ding, Y-L Elaine Wong, Xiangfeng Chen, Guangyu Qiu, T-W Dominic Chan
The adsorptive potential of hexagonal boron nitride nanosheets (h-BNNSs) for solid-phase extraction (SPE) of pollutants was investigated for the first time. Seven indicators of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were selected as target analytes. The adsorption of PCBs on the surface of the h-BNNSs in water was simulated by the density functional theory and molecular dynamics. The simulation results indicated that the PCBs are adsorbed on the surface by π-π, hydrophobic, and electrostatic interactions. The PCBs were extracted with an h-BNNS-packed SPE cartridge, and eluted by dichloromethane...
September 14, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Salim Cheriyan, Hayley Mowery, David Ruckle, Mohamed Keheila, Kristene Myklak, Muhannad Alysouf, Chase Atiga, Jacob Khuri, Nazih Khater, Daniel Faaborg, Herbert C Ruckle, D Daniel Baldwin, D Duane Baldwin
OBJECTIVE: Equipment and personnel contribute to the overall noise level in the operating room (OR). This study aims to determine intraoperative noise levels during percutaneous nephrostolithotomy (PCNL) and the effects of this noise upon intraoperative communication. METHODS: A PCNL benchtop model was used to measure intraoperative noise and determine its effect upon communication in three progressively increasing sound environments (baseline ambient noise, ambient noise with PCNL equipment, and ambient noise with both PCNL equipment and music)...
October 2016: Journal of Endourology
Marie Vaugoyeau, Frank Adriaensen, Alexandr Artemyev, Jerzy Bańbura, Emilio Barba, Clotilde Biard, Jacques Blondel, Zihad Bouslama, Jean-Charles Bouvier, Jordi Camprodon, Francesco Cecere, Anne Charmantier, Motti Charter, Mariusz Cichoń, Camillo Cusimano, Dorota Czeszczewik, Virginie Demeyrier, Blandine Doligez, Claire Doutrelant, Anna Dubiec, Marcel Eens, Tapio Eeva, Bruno Faivre, Peter N Ferns, Jukka T Forsman, Eduardo García-Del-Rey, Aya Goldshtein, Anne E Goodenough, Andrew G Gosler, Arnaud Grégoire, Lars Gustafsson, Iga Harnist, Ian R Hartley, Philipp Heeb, Shelley A Hinsley, Paul Isenmann, Staffan Jacob, Rimvydas Juškaitis, Erkki Korpimäki, Indrikis Krams, Toni Laaksonen, Marcel M Lambrechts, Bernard Leclercq, Esa Lehikoinen, Olli Loukola, Arne Lundberg, Mark C Mainwaring, Raivo Mänd, Bruno Massa, Tomasz D Mazgajski, Santiago Merino, Cezary Mitrus, Mikko Mönkkönen, Xavier Morin, Ruedi G Nager, Jan-Åke Nilsson, Sven G Nilsson, Ana C Norte, Markku Orell, Philippe Perret, Christopher M Perrins, Carla S Pimentel, Rianne Pinxten, Heinz Richner, Hugo Robles, Seppo Rytkönen, Juan Carlos Senar, Janne T Seppänen, Luis Pascoal da Silva, Tore Slagsvold, Tapio Solonen, Alberto Sorace, Martyn J Stenning, Piotr Tryjanowski, Mikael von Numers, Wieslaw Walankiewicz, Anders Pape Møller
The increase in size of human populations in urban and agricultural areas has resulted in considerable habitat conversion globally. Such anthropogenic areas have specific environmental characteristics, which influence the physiology, life history, and population dynamics of plants and animals. For example, the date of bud burst is advanced in urban compared to nearby natural areas. In some birds, breeding success is determined by synchrony between timing of breeding and peak food abundance. Pertinently, caterpillars are an important food source for the nestlings of many bird species, and their abundance is influenced by environmental factors such as temperature and date of bud burst...
August 2016: Ecology and Evolution
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