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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640685/understanding-and-improving-arterial-roads-to-support-public-health-and-transportation-goals
#1
Carolyn McAndrews, Keshia M Pollack, David Berrigan, Andrew L Dannenberg, Ed J Christopher
Arterials are types of roads designed to carry high volumes of motorized traffic. They are an integral part of transportation systems worldwide and exposure to them is ubiquitous, especially in urban areas. Arterials provide access to diverse commercial and cultural resources, which can positively influence community health by supporting social cohesion as well as economic and cultural opportunities. They can negatively influence health via safety issues, noise, air pollution, and lack of economic development...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632198/community-response-to-multiple-sound-sources-integrating-acoustic-and-contextual-approaches-in-the-analysis
#2
Peter Lercher, Bert De Coensel, Luc Dekonink, Dick Botteldooren
Sufficient data refer to the relevant prevalence of sound exposure by mixed traffic sources in many nations. Furthermore, consideration of the potential effects of combined sound exposure is required in legal procedures such as environmental health impact assessments. Nevertheless, current practice still uses single exposure response functions. It is silently assumed that those standard exposure-response curves accommodate also for mixed exposures-although some evidence from experimental and field studies casts doubt on this practice...
June 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605887/perceived-environmental-pollution-and-its-impact-on-health-in-china-japan-and-south-korea
#3
Akiko Kamimura, Bianca Armenta, Maziar Nourian, Nushean Assasnik, Kimiya Nourian, Alla Chernenko
Objectives: Environmental pollution is a significant global issue. Both objective (scientifically measured) environmental pollution and perceived levels of pollution are important predictors of self-reported health. The purpose of this study was to compare the associations between perceived environmental pollution and health in China, Japan, and South Korea. Methods: Data were obtained from the East Asian Social Survey and the Cross-National Survey Data Sets: Health and Society in East Asia, 2010 (n=7938; China, n=3866; Japan, n=2496; South Korea, n=1576)...
2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592667/motorboat-noise-impacts-parental-behaviour-and-offspring-survival-in-a-reef-fish
#4
Sophie L Nedelec, Andrew N Radford, Leanne Pearl, Brendan Nedelec, Mark I McCormick, Mark G Meekan, Stephen D Simpson
Anthropogenic noise is a pollutant of international concern, with mounting evidence of disturbance and impacts on animal behaviour and physiology. However, empirical studies measuring survival consequences are rare. We use a field experiment to investigate how repeated motorboat-noise playback affects parental behaviour and offspring survival in the spiny chromis (Acanthochromis polyacanthus), a brooding coral reef fish. Repeated observations were made for 12 days at 38 natural nests with broods of young. Exposure to motorboat-noise playback compared to ambient-sound playback increased defensive acts, and reduced both feeding and offspring interactions by brood-guarding males...
June 14, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591667/exposure-to-residential-road-traffic-noise-prior-to-conception-and-time-to-pregnancy
#5
Jeppe Schultz Christensen, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Matthias Ketzel, Cecilia Høst Ramlau-Hansen, Bodil Hammer Bech, Jørn Olsen, Mette Sørensen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between residential road traffic noise and fecundity estimated by time to pregnancy (TTP). DESIGN: We identified 65,201 mothers from the Danish National Birth Cohort with self-reported information on TTP collected through computer assisted telephone interviews. Road traffic noise was modelled at all historical addresses and expressed as time-weighted means for periods corresponding to individual TTP. Associations were analyzed using logistic regression for analyses of dichotomous outcomes and ordinal logistic regression for TTP in four categories, adjusting for maternal age at conception, disposable household income, education and air pollution (NOx)...
June 4, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584270/ambient-anthropogenic-noise-but-not-light-is-associated-with-the-ecophysiology-of-free-living-songbird-nestlings
#6
Thomas Raap, Rianne Pinxten, Giulia Casasole, Nina Dehnhard, Marcel Eens
Urbanization is associated with dramatic increases in noise and light pollution, which affect animal behaviour, physiology and fitness. However, few studies have examined these stressors simultaneously. Moreover, effects of urbanization during early-life may be detrimental but are largely unknown. In developing great tits (Parus major), a frequently-used model species, we determined important indicators of immunity and physiological condition: plasma haptoglobin (Hp) and nitric oxide (NOx) concentration. We also determined fledging mass, an indicator for current health and survival...
June 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575405/long-term-exposure-to-road-traffic-noise-ambient-air-pollution-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-the-hunt-and-lifelines-cohorts
#7
Yutong Cai, Anna L Hansell, Marta Blangiardo, Paul R Burton, Kees de Hoogh, Dany Doiron, Isabel Fortier, John Gulliver, Kristian Hveem, Stéphane Mbatchou, David W Morley, Ronald P Stolk, Wilma L Zijlema, Paul Elliott, Susan Hodgson
Aims: Blood biochemistry may provide information on associations between road traffic noise, air pollution, and cardiovascular disease risk. We evaluated this in two large European cohorts (HUNT3, Lifelines). Methods and results: Road traffic noise exposure was modelled for 2009 using a simplified version of the Common Noise Assessment Methods in Europe (CNOSSOS-EU). Annual ambient air pollution (PM10, NO2) at residence was estimated for 2007 using a Land Use Regression model...
May 31, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562070/the-role-of-micrornas-in-environmental-risk-factors-noise-induced-hearing-loss-and-mental-stress
#8
Verónica Miguel, Julia Yue Cui, Lidia Daimiel, Cristina Espinosa-Díez, Carlos Fernandez-Hernando, Terrance J Kavanagh, Santiago Lamas
SIGNIFICANCE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of gene expression and define part of the epigenetic signature. Their influence on every realm of biomedicine is established and progressively increasing. The impact of environment on human health is enormous. Among environmental risk factors impinging on quality of life are those of chemical nature (toxic chemicals, heavy metals, pollutants, pesticides) as well as those related to everyday life such as exposure to noise or mental and psychosocial stress...
May 31, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558263/the-role-of-traffic-noise-on-the-association-between-air-pollution-and-children-s-lung-function
#9
Meredith Franklin, Scott Fruin
Although it has been shown that traffic-related air pollution adversely affects children's lung function, few studies have examined the influence of traffic noise on this association, despite both sharing a common source. Estimates of noise exposure (Ldn, dB), and freeway and non-freeway emission concentrations of oxides of nitrogen (NOx, ppb) were spatially assigned to children in Southern California who were tested for forced vital capacity (FVC, n=1345), forced expiratory volume in 1s, (FEV1, n=1332), and asthma...
August 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545203/influence-of-urban-vegetation-on-air-pollution-and-noise-exposure-a-case-study-in-gothenburg-sweden
#10
Jenny Klingberg, Malin Broberg, Bo Strandberg, Pontus Thorsson, Håkan Pleijel
Air pollution levels (NO2, PAHs, O3) were investigated, before (BLE) and after (ALE) leaf emergence, in the urban landscape of Gothenburg, Sweden. The aims were to study the 1) spatial and temporal variation in pollution levels between urban green areas, 2) effect of urban vegetation on air pollution levels at the same distance from a major emission source (traffic route), 3) improvement of urban air quality in urban parks compared to adjacent sites near traffic, 4) correlation between air pollution and noise in a park...
December 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524090/wind-turbine-diagnosis-under-variable-speed-conditions-using-a-single-sensor-based-on-the-synchrosqueezing-transform-method
#11
Yanjie Guo, Xuefeng Chen, Shibin Wang, Ruobin Sun, Zhibin Zhao
The gearbox is one of the key components in wind turbines. Gearbox fault signals are usually nonstationary and highly contaminated with noise. The presence of amplitude-modulated and frequency-modulated (AM-FM) characteristics compound the difficulty of precise fault diagnosis of wind turbines, therefore, it is crucial to develop an effective fault diagnosis method for such equipment. This paper presents an improved diagnosis method for wind turbines via the combination of synchrosqueezing transform and local mean decomposition...
May 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520848/pattern-fusion-analysis-by-adaptive-alignment-of-multiple-heterogeneous-omics-data
#12
Qianqian Shi, Chuanchao Zhang, Minrui Peng, Xiangtian Yu, Tao Zeng, Juan Liu, Luonan Chen
Motivation: Integrating different omics profiles is a challenging task, which provides a comprehensive way to understand complex diseases in a multi-view manner. One key for such an integration is to extract intrinsic patterns in concordance with data structures, so as to discover consistent information across various data types even with noise pollution. Thus, we proposed a novel framework called "pattern fusion analysis" (PFA), which performs automated information alignment and bias correction, to fuse local sample-patterns (e...
May 18, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499963/neither-artificial-light-at-night-anthropogenic-noise-nor-distance-from-roads-are-associated-with-oxidative-status-of-nestlings-in-an-urban-population-of-songbirds
#13
Giulia Casasole, Thomas Raap, David Costantini, Hamada AbdElgawad, Han Asard, Rianne Pinxten, Marcel Eens
Increasing urbanization is responsible for road-related pollutants and causes an unprecedented increase in light and noise pollution, with potential detrimental effects for individual animals, communities and ecosystems. These stressors rarely act in isolation but studies dissecting the effects of these multiple stressors are lacking. Moreover, studies on urban stressors have mainly focused on adults, while exposure in early-life may be detrimental but is largely ignored. To fill this important knowledge gap, we studied if artificial light at night, anthropogenic noise and road-related pollution (using distance from roads as a proxy) explain variation in oxidative status in great tit nestlings (Parus major) in an urban population...
August 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480868/-working-conditions-and-state-of-health-of-tbilisi-subway-employees
#14
N Khunashvili, Mar Tsimakuridze, L Bakradze, N Khachapuridze, Maya Tsimakuridze
For the purpose of preventive events complex hygienic, clinical-functional, laboratory and biostatic researches are implemented on the basis of Tbilisi Subway. Conditions of work are characterized by complex of unfavorable factors of the working environment and the labor process. Working environment is characterized by combination of unfavorable state of physical factors and air pollution with dust and toxic substances. The levels of noise and vibration refer to the 3.4 class of harmfulness. The content of dust and toxic substances corresponds to 3...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479997/anthropogenic-noise-changes-arthropod-abundances
#15
Jessie P Bunkley, Christopher J W McClure, Akito Y Kawahara, Clinton D Francis, Jesse R Barber
Anthropogenic noise is a widespread and growing form of sensory pollution associated with the expansion of human infrastructure. One specific source of constant and intense noise is that produced by compressors used for the extraction and transportation of natural gas. Terrestrial arthropods play a central role in many ecosystems, and given that numerous species rely upon airborne sounds and substrate-borne vibrations in their life histories, we predicted that increased background sound levels or the presence of compressor noise would influence their distributions...
May 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479566/perspectives-about-personalization-for-mhealth-solutions-against-noise-pollution
#16
Sara Kepplinger, Judith Liebetrau, Tobias Clauss, Peter Pharow
Noise harms the environmental quality and can have negative effect on health and wellbeing. Providing silent areas and periods of rest is one way to improve the perceived environmental quality. However, realization is not easy in the day to day life. The usage of mHealth solutions which can provide information about the sound of a certain area and the respective effect on humans could be supportive. As the perception of sound is highly subjective, the prediction of the perceived acoustic environments is very difficult...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473587/noise-pollution-is-pervasive-in-u-s-protected-areas
#17
Rachel T Buxton, Megan F McKenna, Daniel Mennitt, Kurt Fristrup, Kevin Crooks, Lisa Angeloni, George Wittemyer
Anthropogenic noise threatens ecological systems, including the cultural and biodiversity resources in protected areas. Using continental-scale sound models, we found that anthropogenic noise doubled background sound levels in 63% of U.S. protected area units and caused a 10-fold or greater increase in 21%, surpassing levels known to interfere with human visitor experience and disrupt wildlife behavior, fitness, and community composition. Elevated noise was also found in critical habitats of endangered species, with 14% experiencing a 10-fold increase in sound levels...
May 5, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464684/perceptions-and-effects-of-the-acoustic-environment-in-quiet-residential-areas
#18
Guillermo Rey Gozalo, Juan Miguel Barrigón Morillas
Many cities have historical areas clearly distinguished from the rest because of the architecture, urban planning, and functionality. In many cases, these aspects give one the possibility of finding a characteristic acoustic environment and also developing quiet areas. Through an examination of sound levels and surveys, the perception of residents and passers-by concerning the acoustic environment of the old town of Cáceres and its relation with the characteristics of the urban environment were analysed. In addition, the perception and the effects of noise pollution of low intensity were studied...
April 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443933/high-performance-schottky-heterojunction-photodetector-with-directly-grown-graphene-nanowalls-as-electrodes
#19
Jun Shen, Xiangzhi Liu, Xuefen Song, Xinming Li, Jun Wang, Quan Zhou, Shi Luo, Wenlin Feng, Xingzhan Wei, Shirong Lu, Shuanglong Feng, Chunlei Du, Yuefeng Wang, Haofei Shi, Dapeng Wei
Schottky heterojunctions based on graphene-silicon structures are promising for high-performance photodetectors. However, existing fabrication processes adopt transferred graphene as electrodes, limiting process compatibility and generating pollution because of the metal catalyst. In this report, photodetectors are fabricated using directly grown graphene nanowalls (GNWs) as electrodes. Due to the metal-free growth process, GNWs-Si heterojunctions with an ultralow measured current noise of 3.1 fA Hz(-1/2) are obtained, and the as-prepared photodetectors demonstrate specific detectivities of 5...
May 11, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440286/size-and-shape-variations-of-the-bony-components-of-sperm-whale-cochleae
#20
Joseph G Schnitzler, Bruno Frédérich, Sven Früchtnicht, Tobias Schaffeld, Johannes Baltzer, Andreas Ruser, Ursula Siebert
Several mass strandings of sperm whales occurred in the North Sea during January and February 2016. Twelve animals were necropsied and sampled around 48 h after their discovery on German coasts of Schleswig Holstein. The present study aims to explore the morphological variation of the primary sensory organ of sperm whales, the left and right auditory system, using high-resolution computerised tomography imaging. We performed a quantitative analysis of size and shape of cochleae using landmark-based geometric morphometrics to reveal inter-individual anatomical variations...
April 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
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