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birth ball

Lauren Ball, Shelley Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: The importance of healthy dietary behaviours during pregnancy and after birth is well recognised given the short-term and long-term effects on the health of mothers and infants. Pregnancy is an ideal time to implement health behaviour changes, as women are receptive to health messages at this time. The majority of pregnant women have regular, ongoing contact with general practitioners (GPs), particularly during early pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: This paper provides an overview of the latest evidence regarding the nutrition requirements of women during and after birth, and describes simple ways that GPs can incorporate brief, effective nutrition care into standard consultations...
August 2016: Australian Family Physician
Navid Esfandiari, Megan E Bunnell, Robert F Casper
There are newly recognized challenges presented by the occurrence of mosaicism in the context of trophectoderm (TE) biopsy for pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS) in in vitro fertilization (IVF) embryos. Chromosomal mosaicism, known to be significantly higher in IVF embryos than in later prenatal samples, may contribute to errors in diagnosis. In particular, PGS may result in discarding embryos diagnosed as aneuploid but in which the inner cell mass may be completely or mainly euploid, thus representing a false positive diagnosis...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Erin L Legacki, C J Corbin, B A Ball, M Wynn, S Loux, S D Stanley, A J Conley
Mammalian pregnancies need progestogenic support and birth requires progestin withdrawal. The absence of progesterone in pregnant mares, and the progestogenic bioactivity of 5α-dihydroprogesterone (DHP), led us to reexamine progestin withdrawal at foaling. Systemic pregnane concentrations (DHP, allopregnanolone, pregnenolone, 5α-pregnane-3β, 20α-diol (3β,20αDHP), 20α-hydroxy-5α-dihydroprogesterone (20αDHP)) and progesterone) were monitored in mares for 10days before foaling (n=7) by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry...
October 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Simin Taavoni, Fatemeh Sheikhan, Somayeh Abdolahian, Fatemeh Ghavi
OBJECTIVE: Labor pain and its management is a major concern for childbearing women, their families and health care providers. This study aimed to investigate the effects of two non-pharmacological methods such as birth ball and heat therapy on labor pain relief. MATERIAL & METHODS: This randomized control trial was undertaken on 90 primiparous women aged 18-35 years old who were randomly assigned to two intervention (birth ball and heat) and control groups. The pain score was recorded by using Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) before the intervention and every 30 min in three groups until cervical dilatation reached 8 cm...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Jana Zímová, Pavlína Zímová
Trichotillomania (TTM) is defined by the Diagnostics and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DMS-IV) as hair loss from a patient`s repetitive self-pulling of hair. The disorder is included under anxiety disorders because it shares some obsessive-compulsive features. Patients have the tendency towards feelings of unattractiveness, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem (1,2). It is a major psychiatric problem, but many patients with this disorder first present to a dermatologist. An 11-year-old girl came to our department with a 2-month history of diffuse hair loss on the frontoparietal and parietotemporal area (Figure 1)...
June 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Frances Jackson, Nancy Georgakopoulou, Manuja Kaluarachchi, Michael Kyriakides, Nicholas Andreas, Natalia Przysiezna, Matthew J Hyde, Neena Modi, Jeremy K Nicholson, Anisha Wijeyesekera, Elaine Holmes
Numerous metabolic profiling pipelines have been developed to characterize the composition of human biofluids and tissues, the vast majority of these being for studies in adults. To accommodate limited sample volume and to take into account the compositional differences between adult and infant biofluids, we developed and optimized sample handling and analytical procedures for studying urine from newborns. A robust pipeline for metabolic profiling using NMR spectroscopy was established, encompassing sample collection, preparation, spectroscopic measurement, and computational analysis...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Tine Ringsted, Sune Dupont, Jacob Ramsay, Birthe Møller Jespersen, Klavs Martin Sørensen, Søren Rud Keiding, Søren Balling Engelsen
The supercontinuum laser is a new type of light source, which combines the collimation and intensity of a laser with the broad spectral region of a lamp. Using such a source therefore makes it possible to focus the light onto small sample areas without losing intensity and thus facilitate either rapid or high-intensity measurements. Single seed transmission analysis in the long wavelength (LW) near-infrared (NIR) region is one area that might benefit from a brighter light source such as the supercontinuum laser...
July 2016: Applied Spectroscopy
A Kouzouna, F J Gilchrist, V Ball, T Kyriacou, J Henderson, A D Pandyan, W Lenney
It has been known for many years that multiple early life factors can adversely affect lung function and future respiratory health. This is the first systematic review to attempt to analyse all these factors simultaneously. We adhered to strict a priori criteria for inclusion and exclusion of studies. The initial search yielded 29,351 citations of which 208 articles were reviewed in full and 25 were included in the review. This included 6 birth cohorts and 19 longitudinal population studies. The 25 studies reported the effect of 74 childhood factors (on their own or in combinations with other factors) on subsequent lung function reported as percent predicted forced expiration in one second (FEV1)...
March 14, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
Rhodri Cusack, Gareth Ball, Christopher D Smyser, Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz
Can babies think? A fundamental challenge for cognitive neuroscience is to answer when brain functions begin and in what form they first emerge. This is challenging with behavioral tasks, as it is difficult to communicate to an infant what a task requires, and motor function is impoverished, making execution of the appropriate response difficult. To circumvent these requirements, neuroimaging provides a complementary route for assessing the emergence of cognition. Starting from the prerequisites of cognitive function and building stepwise, we review when the cortex forms and when it becomes gyrated and regionally differentiated...
April 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Michelle L Krishnan, Zi Wang, Matt Silver, James P Boardman, Gareth Ball, Serena J Counsell, Andrew J Walley, Giovanni Montana, Anthony David Edwards
BACKGROUND: The consequences of preterm birth are a major public health concern with high rates of ensuing multisystem morbidity, and uncertain biological mechanisms. Common genetic variation may mediate vulnerability to the insult of prematurity and provide opportunities to predict and modify risk. OBJECTIVE: To gain novel biological and therapeutic insights from the integrated analysis of magnetic resonance imaging and genetic data, informed by prior knowledge...
July 2016: Brain and Behavior
Muneeb Faiq, Reetika Sharma, Rima Dada, Kuldeep Mohanty, Daman Saluja, Tanuj Dada
Glaucoma is an irreversible form of optic neuropathy in which the optic nerve suffers damage in a characteristic manner with optic nerve cupping and retinal ganglion cell death. Primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) is an idiopathic irreversible childhood blinding disorder which manifests at birth or within the first year of life. PCG presents with a classical triad of symptoms (viz epiphora, photophobia and blepharospasm) though there are many additional symptoms, including large eye ball and hazy cornea. The only anatomical anomaly found in PCG is trabecular meshwork (TM) dysgenesis...
May 2013: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
Christina Marie Tussey, Emily Botsios, Richard D Gerkin, Lesly A Kelly, Juana Gamez, Jennifer Mensik
One strategy for reducing the primary cesarean surgery rate and length of labor is using a peanut-shaped exercise ball for women laboring under epidural analgesia. A randomized, controlled study was conducted to determine whether use of a "peanut ball" decreased length of labor and increased the rate of vaginal birth. Women who used the peanut ball (n = 107) versus those who did not (n = 91) demonstrated shorter first stage labor by 29 min (p = .053) and second stage labor by 11 min (p < .001). The intervention was associated with a significantly lower incidence of cesarean surgery (OR = 0...
2015: Journal of Perinatal Education
Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Tina Lavender, Dorota Jenerowicz, Irina Ryumina, Jean-Francois Stalder, Antonio Torrelo, Michael J Cork
BACKGROUND: European roundtable meeting recommendations on bathing and cleansing of infants were published in 2009; a second meeting was held to update and expand these recommendations in light of new evidence and the continued need to address uncertainty surrounding this aspect of routine care. METHODS: The previous roundtable recommendations concerning infant cleansing, bathing, and use of liquid cleansers were critically reviewed and updated and the quality of evidence was evaluated using the Grading of Recommendation Assessment, Development and Evaluation system...
May 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
Helen L Ball, Denise Howel, Andy Bryant, Elspeth Best, Charlotte Russell, Martin Ward-Platt
AIM: To explore the link between breastfeeding duration and bed-sharing frequency among women reporting a prenatal intention to breastfeed. METHODS: About 870 participants in a randomised breastfeeding trial, recruited at mid-pregnancy, provided weekly snapshots of breastfeeding and bed-sharing behaviour for 26 weeks following birth. Strength of prenatal breastfeeding intent was recorded at recruitment using Likert-type scales. RESULTS: Outcomes were frequency of bed-sharing at home for at least one hour per week, and time to cessation of breastfeeding...
June 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Sara Wickham
In this column, Sara Wickham takes a sideways look at issues relevant to midwives, students, women and families, inviting us to sit down with a cup of tea and ponder what we think we know. This month's seasonal story tells the tale of Rudolph the red-nosed quantity surveyor, who gets more than he has bargained for when he visits the labour ward in order to weigh the birth balls for a trust health and safety exercise and decides to make tea for the tired midwives....
December 2015: Practising Midwife
Vyacheslav R Karolis, Sean Froudist-Walsh, Philip J Brittain, Jasmin Kroll, Gareth Ball, A David Edwards, Flavio Dell'Acqua, Steven C Williams, Robin M Murray, Chiara Nosarti
The second half of pregnancy is a crucial period for the development of structural brain connectivity, and an abrupt interruption of the typical processes of development during this phase caused by the very preterm birth (<33 weeks of gestation) is likely to result in long-lasting consequences. We used structural and diffusion imaging data to reconstruct the brain structural connectome in very preterm-born adults. We assessed its rich-club organization and modularity as 2 characteristics reflecting the capacity to support global and local information exchange, respectively...
March 2016: Cerebral Cortex
Monique G J T B van Lier, Enrico Lopriore, Frank P H A Vandenbussche, Geert J Streekstra, Maria Siebes, Peter G J Nikkels, Dick Oepkes, Martin J C van Gemert, Jeroen P H M van den Wijngaard
BACKGROUND: Acardiac twinning is a rare anomaly of monochorionic twin pregnancies. Acardiac fetuses lack a functional heart but are passively perfused by arterial blood from their pump co-twin. Although four acardiac morphological types have been classified, the various paths of anatomical and circulatory acardiac twin development, and the potential influence of acardiac size and perfusion flow as possible predictors of pump twin morbidity and mortality are poorly understood. This report presents the first high resolution three-dimensional reconstruction of the vasculature of an acardiac twin by cryomicrotome imaging...
March 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
Barbara Luke, Morton B Brown, Stacey A Missmer, Logan G Spector, Richard E Leach, Melanie Williams, Lori Koch, Yolanda R Smith, Judy E Stern, G David Ball, Maria J Schymura
STUDY QUESTION: How do the assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes of women presenting for ART after cancer diagnosis compare to women without cancer? SUMMARY ANSWER: The likelihood of a live birth after ART among women with prior cancer using autologous oocytes is reduced and varies by cancer diagnosis but is similar to women without cancer when donor oocytes are used. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Premenopausal patients faced with a cancer diagnosis frequently present for fertility preservation...
January 2016: Human Reproduction
Somayeh Makvandi, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Ramin Sadeghi, Leila Karimi
AIM: To critically evaluate the available evidence related to the impact of using a birth ball on labor pain relief. METHODS: The Cochrane library, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE/PubMed and Scopus were searched from their inception to January 2015 using keywords: (Birth* OR Swiss OR Swedish OR balance OR fitness OR gym* OR Pezzi OR sport* OR stability) AND (ball*) AND (labor OR labour OR Obstetric). All available randomized controlled trials involving women using a birth ball for pain relief during labor were considered...
November 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
M J Gosalbes, Y Vallès, N Jiménez-Hernández, C Balle, P Riva, S Miravet-Verde, L E de Vries, S Llop, Y Agersø, S J Sørensen, F Ballester, M P Francino
The gastrointestinal tract (GIT) microbiota has been identified as an important reservoir of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) that can be horizontally transferred to pathogenic species. Maternal GIT microbes can be transmitted to the offspring, and recent work indicates that such transfer starts before birth. We have used culture-independent genetic screenings to explore whether ARGs are already present in the meconium accumulated in the GIT during fetal life and in feces of 1-week-old infants. We have analyzed resistance to β-lactam antibiotics (BLr) and tetracycline (Tcr), screening for a variety of genes conferring each...
February 2016: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
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