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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778493/retrograde-ureteral-catheterization-a-possible-new-treatment-for-renal-fungal-balls-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#1
Cheng-Wei Chen, Chyong-Hsin Hsu, Jin-Cherng Sheu, Hsin Chi, Jui-Hsing Chang, Chun-Chen Lin, Jeng-Daw Tsai
Invasive candidiasis is a serious pathogen of late-onset sepsis in very-low-birth- weight (VLBW) infants. Kidney is the most common organ involved and it causes morbidity and mortality, especially when fungal balls are formed. We report a 34-day-old female infant (28 weeks, 1152 gm) with systemic fungal infection complicated obstructive uropathy. On sonography, the fungal balls filled the entire pelvis without hydronephrosis. Percutaneous nephrostomy was not feasible. In addition to systemic antifungals, we successfully performed cystoscopy-assisted retrograde ureteral catheterization (RUC) to decompress the pelvis, which also provided a route for local amphotericin B irrigation to achieve therapeutic concentration without nephrotoxicity...
May 17, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723752/prenatal-lead-cadmium-and-mercury-exposure-and-associations-with-motor-skills-at-age-7-years-in-a-uk-observational-birth-cohort
#2
Caroline M Taylor, Alan M Emond, Raghu Lingam, Jean Golding
BACKGROUND: Lead and mercury are freely transferred across the placenta, while cadmium tends to accumulate in the placenta. Each contributes to adverse neurological outcomes for the child. Although prenatal heavy metal exposure has been linked with an array of neurodevelopmental outcomes in childhood, its association with the development of motor skills in children has not been robustly studied. AIMS/OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between prenatal exposure to lead, cadmium and mercury, measured as maternal blood concentrations during pregnancy, and motor skills, measured as subtests of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (Movement ABC) at age 7 years in a large sample of mother-child pairs enrolled in a UK observational birth cohort study (Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, ALSPAC)...
April 30, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682542/gut-microbial-changes-interactions-and-their-implications-on-human-lifecycle-an-ageing-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Ravichandra Vemuri, Rohit Gundamaraju, Madhur D Shastri, Shakti Dhar Shukla, Krishnakumar Kalpurath, Madeleine Ball, Stephen Tristram, Esaki M Shankar, Kiran Ahuja, Rajaraman Eri
Gut microbiota is established during birth and evolves with age, mostly maintaining the commensal relationship with the host. A growing body of clinical evidence suggests an intricate relationship between the gut microbiota and the immune system. With ageing, the gut microbiota develops significant imbalances in the major phyla such as the anaerobic Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes as well as a diverse range of facultative organisms, resulting in impaired immune responses. Antimicrobial therapy is commonly used for the treatment of infections; however, this may also result in the loss of normal gut flora...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512230/non-pharmacological-interventions-during-childbirth-for-pain-relief-anxiety-and-neuroendocrine-stress-parameters-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Angelita José Henrique, Maria Cristina Gabrielloni, Patricia Rodney, Márcia Barbieri
AIM: This study aimed to investigate the effect of warm shower hydrotherapy and perineal exercises with a ball on pain, anxiety, and neuroendocrine stress parameters during childbirth. METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted with 128 women during childbirth, admitted for hospital birth in São Paulo, Brazil, from June 2013 to February 2014. The participants were randomly assigned into one of the following intervention groups: received warm shower hydrotherapy (GA); performed perineal exercises with a ball (GB); and combined intervention group, which received warm shower hydrotherapy and perineal exercises with a ball (GC) (n = 39)...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496780/food-consumption-increases-cell-proliferation-in-the-python-brain
#5
Stacy S Habroun, Andrew A Schaffner, Emily N Taylor, Christine R Strand
Pythons are model organisms for investigating physiological responses to food intake. While systemic growth in response to food consumption is well documented, what occurs in the brain is currently unexplored. In this study, male ball pythons ( Python regius ) were used to test the hypothesis that food consumption stimulates cell proliferation in the brain. We used 5-bromo-12'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) as a cell-birth marker to quantify and compare cell proliferation in the brain of fasted snakes and those at 2 and 6 days after a meal...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355921/newborns-are-sensitive-to-the-correspondence-between-auditory-pitch-and-visuospatial-elevation
#6
Peter Walker, James Gavin Bremner, Marco Lunghi, Sarah Dolscheid, Beatrice D Barba, Francesca Simion
Amodal (redundant) and arbitrary cross-sensory feature associations involve the context-insensitive mapping of absolute feature values across sensory domains. Cross-sensory associations of a different kind, known as correspondences, involve the context-sensitive mapping of relative feature values. Are such correspondences in place at birth (like amodal associations), or are they learned from subsequently experiencing relevant feature co-occurrences in the world (like arbitrary associations)? To decide between these two possibilities, human newborns (median age = 44 hr) watched animations in which two balls alternately rose and fell together in space...
March 2018: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289579/sequential-application-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-reduces-the-severity-of-labour-pain-delays-use-of-pharmacological-analgesia-and-improves-some-obstetric-outcomes-a-randomised-trial
#7
Rubneide Barreto Silva Gallo, Licia Santos Santana, Alessandra Cristina Marcolin, Geraldo Duarte, Silvana Maria Quintana
QUESTION: Among women in labour, does sequential application of non-pharmacological interventions relieve labour pain, shorten labour, and delay pharmacological analgesia use? DESIGN: Randomised trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding, and intention-to-treat analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty women admitted in labour at the end of a low-risk pregnancy. INTERVENTION: Participants in the experimental group received three interventions for up to 40minutes each in particular stages of labour: exercise on a Swiss ball at 4 to 5cm of cervical dilation; lumbosacral massage at 5 to 6cm dilation; and a warm shower at >7cm dilation...
January 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234596/exploring-the-multiple-hit-hypothesis-of-preterm-white-matter-damage-using-diffusion-mri
#8
Madeleine L Barnett, Nora Tusor, Gareth Ball, Andrew Chew, Shona Falconer, Paul Aljabar, Jessica A Kimpton, Nigel Kennea, Mary Rutherford, A David Edwards, Serena J Counsell
Background: Preterm infants are at high risk of diffuse white matter injury and adverse neurodevelopmental outcome. The multiple hit hypothesis suggests that the risk of white matter injury increases with cumulative exposure to multiple perinatal risk factors. Our aim was to test this hypothesis in a large cohort of preterm infants using diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI). Methods: We studied 491 infants (52% male) without focal destructive brain lesions born at < 34 weeks, who underwent structural and dMRI at a specialist Neonatal Imaging Centre...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229843/machine-learning-shows-association-between-genetic-variability-in-pparg-and-cerebral-connectivity-in-preterm-infants
#9
Michelle L Krishnan, Zi Wang, Paul Aljabar, Gareth Ball, Ghazala Mirza, Alka Saxena, Serena J Counsell, Joseph V Hajnal, Giovanni Montana, A David Edwards
Preterm infants show abnormal structural and functional brain development, and have a high risk of long-term neurocognitive problems. The molecular and cellular mechanisms involved are poorly understood, but novel methods now make it possible to address them by examining the relationship between common genetic variability and brain endophenotype. We addressed the hypothesis that variability in the Peroxisome Proliferator Activated Receptor (PPAR) pathway would be related to brain development. We employed machine learning in an unsupervised, unbiased, combined analysis of whole-brain diffusion tractography together with genomewide, single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based genotypes from a cohort of 272 preterm infants, using Sparse Reduced Rank Regression (sRRR) and correcting for ethnicity and age at birth and imaging...
December 26, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138031/mortality-and-pulmonary-outcomes-of-extremely-preterm-infants-exposed-to-antenatal-corticosteroids
#10
Colm P Travers, Waldemar A Carlo, Scott A McDonald, Abhik Das, Edward F Bell, Namasivayam Ambalavanan, Alan H Jobe, Ronald N Goldberg, Carl T D'Angio, Barbara J Stoll, Seetha Shankaran, Abbot R Laptook, Barbara Schmidt, Michele C Walsh, Pablo J Sánchez, M Bethany Ball, Ellen C Hale, Nancy S Newman, Rosemary D Higgins
BACKGROUND: Antenatal corticosteroids are given primarily to induce fetal lung maturation but results from meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials have not shown mortality or pulmonary benefits for extremely preterm infants although these are the infants most at risk of mortality and pulmonary disease. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if exposure to antenatal corticosteroids is associated with a lower rate of death and pulmonary morbidities by 36 weeks' postmenstrual age...
January 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117446/challenging-rules-creating-values-park-s-sweet-spot-theory-driven-central-optimum-nurse-staffing-zone
#11
EDITORIAL
Claire Su-Yeon Park
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096283/positions-during-the-first-stage-and-the-passive-second-stage-of-labor-a-survey-of-french-midwives
#12
Chloé Barasinski, Anne Debost-Legrand, Didier Lémery, Françoise Vendittelli
OBJECTIVE: the objective of our study was to describe the practices reported by French midwives during labor (first stage and passive phase of the second stage). DESIGN: this cross-sectional internet questionnaire surveyed French midwives who attended at least one delivery in 2013. SETTING: this open survey was posted on a website from June 15 through December 1, 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 1496 midwives from 377 maternity units participated in the study...
January 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057584/sixty-years-ago-the-birth-of-the-journal-of-medical-imaging-and-radiation-oncology
#13
EDITORIAL
David Ball
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016505/implementing-a-systematic-approach-to-reduce-cesarean-birth-rates-in-nulliparous-women
#14
Amy D Bell, Saju Joy, Susan Gullo, Robert Higgins, Eleanor Stevenson
OBJECTIVE: To implement a systematic approach to safely reduce nulliparous cesarean birth rates. METHODS: This is a quality improvement project at two rural community hospitals and one urban community hospital in North Carolina. These facilities implemented a systematic approach to reduce nulliparous cesarean birth rates, aligning with recommendations developed by the Council on Patient Safety in Women's Health Care: Patient Safety Bundle on the Safe Reduction of Primary Cesarean Births...
November 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944997/desire-for-parenthood-and-reproductive-health-knowledge-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-and-their-caregivers
#15
Leena Nahata, Nicole M Caltabellotta, Kyle Ball, Sarah H O'Brien, Susan E Creary
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Sickle cell disease (SCD) and hydroxyurea have implications for fertility and reproductive health. The goal of this study was to examine desire for parenthood and reproductive health knowledge among a cohort of adolescent and young adult (AYA) with SCD receiving hydroxyurea and their caregivers at a large pediatric academic center. METHODS: Patients with SCD were approached from September 2016 to July 2017 if they were: (1) 12-20 years old, (2) prescribed hydroxyurea for at least 6 months, (3) proficient in English, and (4) accompanied by a caregiver who was proficient in English and willing to participate...
February 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874660/integrative-genomics-of-microglia-implicates-dlg4-psd95-in-the-white-matter-development-of-preterm-infants
#16
Michelle L Krishnan, Juliette Van Steenwinckel, Anne-Laure Schang, Jun Yan, Johanna Arnadottir, Tifenn Le Charpentier, Zsolt Csaba, Pascal Dournaud, Sara Cipriani, Constance Auvynet, Luigi Titomanlio, Julien Pansiot, Gareth Ball, James P Boardman, Andrew J Walley, Alka Saxena, Ghazala Mirza, Bobbi Fleiss, A David Edwards, Enrico Petretto, Pierre Gressens
Preterm birth places infants in an adverse environment that leads to abnormal brain development and cerebral injury through a poorly understood mechanism known to involve neuroinflammation. In this study, we integrate human and mouse molecular and neuroimaging data to investigate the role of microglia in preterm white matter damage. Using a mouse model where encephalopathy of prematurity is induced by systemic interleukin-1β administration, we undertake gene network analysis of the microglial transcriptomic response to injury, extend this by analysis of protein-protein interactions, transcription factors and human brain gene expression, and translate findings to living infants using imaging genomics...
September 5, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871782/antibiotic-treatment-preventing-necrotising-enterocolitis-alters-urinary-and-plasma-metabolomes-in-preterm-pigs
#17
Pingping Jiang, Alessia Trimigno, Jan Stanstrup, Bekzod Khakimov, Nanna Viereck, Søren Balling Engelsen, Per Torp Sangild, Lars Ove Dragsted
Necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) is a serious gut inflammatory condition in premature neonates, onset and development of which depend on the gut microbiome. Attenuation of the gut microbiome by antibiotics can reduce NEC incidence and severity. However, how the antibiotics-suppressed gut microbiome affects the whole-body metabolism in NEC-sensitive premature neonates is unknown. In formula-fed preterm pigs, used as a model for preterm infants, plasma and urinary metabolomes were investigated by LC-MS and 1 H NMR, with and without antibiotic treatment immediately after birth...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867988/identification-of-weak-and-gender-specific-effects-in-a-short-3%C3%A2-weeks-intervention-study-using-barley-and-oat-mixed-linkage-%C3%AE-glucan-dietary-supplements-a-human-fecal-metabolome-study-by-gc-ms
#18
Alessia Trimigno, Bekzod Khakimov, Josue Leonardo Castro Mejia, Mette Skau Mikkelsen, Mette Kristensen, Birthe Møller Jespersen, Søren Balling Engelsen
INTRODUCTION: Mixed-linkage (1→3),(1→4)-β-d-glucans (BG) reduce cholesterol level and insulin response in humans. Despite this, their role in human metabolism and a mode of action remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of three structurally different BG on human fecal metabolome in a full cross-over intervention using GC-MS metabolomics. METHODS: Over three weeks of intervention, young healthy adults received food supplemented with BG from oat, two different BG from barley or a non-fiber control in a full cross-over design...
2017: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811511/from-metabolome-to-phenotype-gc-ms-metabolomics-of-developing-mutant-barley-seeds-reveals-effects-of-growth-temperature-and-genotype
#19
Bekzod Khakimov, Morten Arendt Rasmussen, Rubini Maya Kannangara, Birthe Møller Jespersen, Lars Munck, Søren Balling Engelsen
The development of crop varieties tolerant to growth temperature fluctuations and improved nutritional value is crucial due to climate change and global population growth. This study investigated the metabolite patterns of developing barley seed as a function of genotype and growth temperature for ideal vegetable protein production and for augmented β-glucan production. Seeds from three barley lines (Bomi, lys3.a and lys5.f) were sampled eight times during grain filling and analysed for metabolites using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719076/multimodal-image-analysis-of-clinical-influences-on-preterm-brain-development
#20
Gareth Ball, Paul Aljabar, Phumza Nongena, Nigel Kennea, Nuria Gonzalez-Cinca, Shona Falconer, Andrew T M Chew, Nicholas Harper, Julia Wurie, Mary A Rutherford, Serena J Counsell, A David Edwards
OBJECTIVE: Premature birth is associated with numerous complex abnormalities of white and gray matter and a high incidence of long-term neurocognitive impairment. An integrated understanding of these abnormalities and their association with clinical events is lacking. The aim of this study was to identify specific patterns of abnormal cerebral development and their antenatal and postnatal antecedents. METHODS: In a prospective cohort of 449 infants (226 male), we performed a multivariate and data-driven analysis combining multiple imaging modalities...
August 2017: Annals of Neurology
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