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Gastrointestinal lymphoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463935/a20-tnfaip3-alterations-in-primary-intestinal-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma
#1
Masayoshi Fujii, Katsuyoshi Takata, Shih-Sung Chuang, Tomoko Miyata-Takata, Midori Ando, Yasuharu Sato, Tadashi Yoshino
The gastrointestinal (GI) tract is the most frequently involved site of extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphomas, and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common subtype occurring in the GI tract. TNFAIP3 (A20) genetic alterations were reported to be involved in DLBCL's pathogenesis and a portion of GI-DLBCL cases harbor this alteration. However, the frequency and clinicopathological relations focusing on small and large intestinal DLBCL are unclear. Here, we examined A20 deletion and protein expression and analyzed the clinicopathological features of 52 cases of primary intestinal DLBCL...
February 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459809/primary-adenosquamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-pancreas-the-use-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-to-establish-a-definitive-cytologic-diagnosis
#2
Diogo Turiani Hourneaux De Moura, Martin Coronel, Danielle Azevedo Chacon, Ryan Tanigawa, Dalton M Chaves, Sérgio E Matuguma, Marcos E Lera Dos Santos, José Jukemura, Eduardo Guimarâes Hourneaux De Moura
Pancreatic cancer is the second most common malignancy of the gastrointestinal tract in the US, and adenocarcinoma has been identified as the most common type of pancreatic cancer. Different types of pancreatic cancers have been classified: adenocarcinoma, ductal adenosquamous carcinoma, solid pseudopapillary tumors, endocrine neoplasms, acinar cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, cystic tumors, primary lymphoma of the pancreas, and metastatic lesions of the pancreas. Adenosquamous carcinoma is extremely rare, behave in a very aggressive way and is responsible for the 1 to 4% of the pancreatic exocrine neoplastic lesions...
October 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456618/an-unusual-presentation-of-adult-t-cell-leukemia-lymphoma
#3
Mohammed Tag-Adeen, Keiichi Hashiguchi, Yuko Akazawa, Ken Ohnita, Sawayama Yasushi, Niino Daisuke, Kazuhiko Nakao
Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma (ATL) is a rare disease, related to human T-lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1) and presented mainly in adulthood by generalised lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, skin lesions and hypercalcaemia, with rare gastrointestinal and/or oral manifestations. We reported this case to raise awareness and demonstrate the therapeutic challenges of this rare disease. A 49-year-old Japanese female presented with skin papules on both forearms, painful mouth ulcers and multiple neck swellings since early February 2017...
2018: Ecancermedicalscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434133/mantle-cell-lymphoma-with-a-single-protruding-lesion-as-the-cause-of-intussusception
#4
Katsunori Matsueda, Tatsuya Toyokawa, Masahiro Sakata, Isao Fujita, Jouichiro Horii
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a malignant lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract that mostly presents as multiple lymphomatous polyposis (MLP); however, MLP with intussusception is rarely reported in MCL. Furthermore, a single protruding lesion with intussusception has never been reported in primary small intestinal MCL. A 70-year-old man presented with pain in the right lower abdomen. Computed tomography and colonoscopy revealed ileocecal intussusception. Ileocecal resection was performed. Histology and immunohistochemistry of the resected specimen showed MCL with a single protruding lesion...
February 9, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424776/a-prospective-study-of-serum-microbial-translocation-biomarkers-and-risk-of-aids-related-non-hodgkin-lymphoma
#5
Marta Epeldegui, Larry Magpantay, Yu Guo, Gordana Halec, William G Cumberland, Priscilla K Yen, Bernard Macatangay, Joseph B Margolick, Anne F Rositch, Steven Wolinsky, Otoniel Martinez-Maza, Shehnaz K Hussain
: Chronic immune activation is a harbinger of AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma (AIDS-NHL), yet the underlying basis is unclear. Microbial translocation, the passage of microbial components from the gastrointestinal tract into the systemic circulation, is a source of systemic immune activation in HIV infection and may be an important contributor to the chronic B-cell activation and subsequent AIDS-NHL development. We measured biomarkers of microbial translocation including bacterial receptors/antibodies, intestinal barrier proteins, and macrophage activation-associated cytokines/chemokines, in serum from 200 HIV-infected men from the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study prior to their AIDS-NHL diagnosis (mean = 3...
February 8, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423555/second-malignancies-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#6
REVIEW
Ivetta Danylesko, Avichai Shimoni
Second malignancies are a rare but well-defined late complication after autologous and allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (SCT). Solid malignancies occur in up to 15% of patients 15 years after SCT with myeloablative conditioning, with no plateau in the incidence rates. They are responsible for 5-10% of late deaths after SCT. The incidence is increased with advanced age at SCT. The major risk factors are the use of total body irradiation, which is associated with adenocarcinomas and with chronic graft-versus-host disease which is associated with squamous cell cancers...
February 8, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423158/endoscopic-management-of-duodeno-ileal-fistula-secondary-to-diffuse-b-cell-lymphoma
#7
James A Milburn, John S Leeds, Steven A White
Lymphoma arising in the gastrointestinal tract is relatively common and can affect multiple sites. The development of a gastrointestinal fistula secondary to lymphoma is very rare and has not previously been reported between the duodenum and ileum. This is the first reported care where a fistula secondary to lymphoma has been treated by an endoscopic covered duodenal stent occluding the defect rather than surgical intervention. This strategy permitted early commencement of curative intent chemotherapy which led to tumour shrinkage and fistula closure...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419676/gastrointestinal-involvement-by-mantle-cell-lymphoma-identified-by-biopsy-performed-during-endoscopy-a-case-report
#8
Qin-Fang Zheng, Jin-Ying Li, Liu Qin, Hai-Ming Wei, Lian-Ying Cai, Bing Nong
RATIONALE: Primary gastrointestinal mantle cell lymphoma is rare, and histopathological examination and specific immunohistochemical staining are still the gold standard for diagnosis. Therefore, it is necessary to find a new way to improve positive biopsy rates. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 58-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with epigastric pain, abdominal distension, nausea, and melena. Endoscopy identified submucosal neoplasms and diffuse gastrointestinal tract involvement including the esophagus...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415933/-significance-of-upper-and-lower-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-for-screening-small-intestinal-lesions-in-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#9
Shogo Miura, Hiroyuki Kuroda, Ken Sato, Michiko Yamada, Ryo Itou, Michihiro Ono, Tomoyuki Abe, Shigeyuki Fujii, Masahiro Maeda, Masahiro Yoshida, Wataru Jomen, Masayoshi Kobune, Junji Kato, Miri Fujita
The gastrointestinal tract is a common site for the occurrence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). NHL with gastrointestinal lesions may lead to clinically relevant intestinal complications such as obstruction, perforation, and exsanguination during the course of the disease. Consequently, patients with NHL are often examined by means of upper and lower gastrointestinal endoscopy at the initial visit. There are no clear guidelines regarding which patients should undergo capsule endoscopy (CE) and balloon enteroscopy for detecting small intestinal lesions...
2018: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411246/a-case-of-nodal-malignant-lymphoma-presenting-with-arterial-bleeding-related-to-its-duodenal-penetration
#10
Takakazu Miyake, Tomoya Iida, Yoshiharu Masaki, Kei Onodera, Toshiyuki Kubo, Kentaro Yamashita, Hiroo Yamano, Hiroshi Nakase
A 62-year-old man with a chief complaint of dysphagia visited our hospital. Enhanced computed tomography showed the tumor near the duodenal wall and lymphadenopathy in the left supraclavicular fossa and para-aortic lymph node. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed an ulcer accompanied with a fistula in the anterior wall of duodenal bulb, suggesting that the tumor penetrated into duodenal wall. Biopsy from the lymph node in the left supraclavicular fossa indicated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Although chemotherapy was planned, massive arterial bleeding occurred from the part of duodenal penetration...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407232/t-cell-subsets-play-an-important-role-in-the-determination-of-the-clinical-outcome-of-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#11
REVIEW
Abdollah Jafarzadeh, Tiziana Larussa, Maryam Nemati, Shila Jalapour
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is one of the most prevalent human pathogen and a persistent infection with this bacterium causes common pathologies, such as gastritis or peptic ulcers, and also less common but more serious pathologies, such as gastric cancer or gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. The clinical outcome of gastrointestinal infection sustained by H. pylori is determined by the reciprocal interactions between virulence factors of the bacterium and host factors, including immune response genes...
January 30, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395269/global-surveillance-of-trends-in-cancer-survival-2000-14-concord-3-analysis-of-individual-records-for-37%C3%A2-513%C3%A2-025-patients-diagnosed-with-one-of-18-cancers-from-322-population-based-registries-in-71-countries
#12
Claudia Allemani, Tomohiro Matsuda, Veronica Di Carlo, Rhea Harewood, Melissa Matz, Maja Nikšić, Audrey Bonaventure, Mikhail Valkov, Christopher J Johnson, Jacques Estève, Olufemi J Ogunbiyi, Gulnar Azevedo E Silva, Wan-Qing Chen, Sultan Eser, Gerda Engholm, Charles A Stiller, Alain Monnereau, Ryan R Woods, Otto Visser, Gek Hsiang Lim, Joanne Aitken, Hannah K Weir, Michel P Coleman
BACKGROUND: In 2015, the second cycle of the CONCORD programme established global surveillance of cancer survival as a metric of the effectiveness of health systems and to inform global policy on cancer control. CONCORD-3 updates the worldwide surveillance of cancer survival to 2014. METHODS: CONCORD-3 includes individual records for 37·5 million patients diagnosed with cancer during the 15-year period 2000-14. Data were provided by 322 population-based cancer registries in 71 countries and territories, 47 of which provided data with 100% population coverage...
January 30, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394855/-a-case-of-perforation-peritonitis-with-multiple-duodenal-and-intestinal-malignant-lymphomas
#13
Tomoya Hatakeyama, Kazuki Sakai, Atsushi Matsumura, Shiro Ogino, Toshikazu Akami, Shinji Okano, Yuji Ueda, Takeshi Mazak
Malignant lymphomas of the duodenum and small intestine are relatively rare, but are clinically important, as they may result in perforation peritonitis. Here, we report a case of perforation peritonitis caused by multiple duodenal and small intestinal malignant lymphomas. An 84-year-old man was diagnosed with malignant lymphoma of the duodenum. Although chemotherapy was planned, emergency surgery was performed to treat perforation peritonitis. Laparoscopic observation revealed that the perforation was not in the duodenum, but in the ileum...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394679/-bowel-perforation-in-a-patient-with-adult-t-cell-leukemia-lymphoma
#14
Shuhei Ota, Tsuyoshi Sunagawa, Morikazu Shimabukuro, Youjirou Mitsumoto, Akihide Tanimoto
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma(ATLL)can infiltrate throughout various organs and frequently involves the gastrointestinal tract. However, bowel perforation in ATLL patients is rare. Herein, we present a case of ATLL with bowel perforation. A 75-year-old man presented with bowel distension. Computed tomography showed a large mass of the cecum. Edema and stenosis of the ascending colon was seen on colonoscopy, and tumor on the anal side of the stenosis was also found. After admission, the patient complained of abdominal pain with a peritoneal irritation sign...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393912/common-variable-immunodeficiency-and-gastric-malignancies
#15
REVIEW
Patrizia Leone, Angelo Vacca, Franco Dammacco, Vito Racanelli
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is an immunodeficiency disorder with a high incidence of gastrointestinal manifestations and an increased risk of gastric carcinoma and lymphoma. This review discusses the latest advancements into the immunological, clinical and diagnostic aspects of gastric malignancies in patients with CVID. The exact molecular pathways underlying the relationships between CVID and gastric malignancies remain poorly understood. These include genetics, immune dysregulation and chronic infections by Helicobacter pylori ...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392404/-neuroendocrine-neoplasms-of-the-auditory-olfactory-and-visual-sensory-organs
#16
REVIEW
B Sipos
Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are infrequent in sensory organs. There are well-differentiated neuroendocrine neoplasms that should be classified as neuroendocrine tumors, in analogy to their gastrointestinal counterparts, however the nomenclature is inconsistent. The best defined entities are neuroendocrine tumors in the middle ear and ectopic pituitary adenoma in the sphenoid region. Poorly differentiated NENs most often arise in the olfactory organ and nasal cavity that are represented by olfactory neuroblastomas and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas...
February 1, 2018: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391315/a-rare-cause-of-multiple-small-bowel-ulcers-and-strictures-in-a-10-year-old-child
#17
Teera Kijmassuwan, Pornthep Tanpowpong, Sani Molagool, Suporn Treepongkaruna
Enteritis and small bowel ulcers can be caused by inflammatory bowel disease, drug-induced enteritis, cytomegalovirus, tuberculosis, or intestinal lymphoma. Cryptogenic multifocal ulcerous stenosing enteritis (CMUSE) is an uncommon idiopathic cause of ulceration and stricture of the small bowel. CMUSE can occur in adults, but only few pediatric cases have been reported. Inflammatory bowel disease and other causes should be carefully sought first before the diagnosis of CMUSE can be made. Previous reports demonstrated that surgical intervention may be necessary for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes...
January 2018: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390561/gastrointestinal-malignant-neoplasms-disguised-as-pneumatosis-cystoids-intestinalis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Tingting Liu, Shaoheng Zhang, Hua Mao
RATIONALE: Pneumatosis cystoids intestinalis (PCI) is a rare disease in which gas develops in the mucosa or submucosa of the digestive tract. The etiology and pathogenesis of this disease, at present, remain unclear, and gastrointestinal malignant neoplasms may be a potentially important cause. Herein, we report a case of mantle cell lymphoma presenting as PCI as well as present a literature review of cases of suspect PCI that was definitively diagnosed as gastrointestinal neoplasms. In doing so, we highlighted cases of neoplastic pathogenesis that present as PCI...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390503/extramedullary-plasmacytoma-occuring-in-ileocecum-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Danhui Zhang, Dazhong Cao, Duo Shen, Sachin Mulmi Shrestha, Ying Yin
RATIONALE: Gastrointestinal solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP) is rare, just occupies about 5% of all EMPs. The most common site is small intestine followed by stomach. The colorectal incidence is much rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 63-year-old female had an episodic pain around the umbilicus for about one week. The hyperemia and edema in the ileocecal mucosa were found in colonoscopy, and the endoscopy could not cross the ileocecal valve. The pathology specimens showed a high index suspicion of plasmacytoma...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380942/evaluation-of-a-multi-agent-chemotherapy-protocol-combining-lomustine-procarbazine-and-prednisolone-lpp-for-the-treatment-of-relapsed-canine-non-hodgkin-high-grade-lymphomas
#20
J-B Tanis, S L Mason, T W Maddox, L Blackwood, D R Killick, I Amores-Fuster, A Harper, R Finotello
The standard of care treatment for canine lymphoma is multi-agent chemotherapy containing prednisolone, cyclophosphamide, vincristine and an anthracycline such as doxorubicin (CHOP) or epirubicin (CEOP). Lomustine, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (LOPP) has been evaluated as a rescue, with encouraging results; however, resistance to vincristine is likely in patients relapsing on CHOP/CEOP, and this agent may enhance LOPP toxicity without improving efficacy. The aim of this study was to evaluate responses to a modified-LOPP protocol that does not include vincristine (LPP) and is administered on a 21-day cycle...
January 30, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
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