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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749556/global-spotlights-are-papers-selected-by-editors-published-in-peer-reviewed-journals-that-may-be-more-regionally-specific-or-appearing-in-languages-other-than-english
#1
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749539/indigenous-health-program-evaluation-design-and-methods-in-australia-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#2
Kamalini Lokuge, Katherine Thurber, Bianca Calabria, Meg Davis, Kathryn McMahon, Lauren Sartor, Raymond Lovett, Jill Guthrie, Emily Banks
OBJECTIVE: Indigenous Australians experience a disproportionately higher burden of disease compared to non-Indigenous Australians. High-quality evaluation of Indigenous health programs is required to inform health and health services improvement. We aimed to quantify methodological and other characteristics of Australian Indigenous health program evaluations published in the peer-reviewed literature. METHODS: Systematic review of peer-reviewed literature (November 2009-2014) on Indigenous health program evaluation...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748763/induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-technology-a-paradigm-shift-in-medical-science-for-drug-screening-and-disease-modeling
#3
Meera Nair, Sardul Singh Sandhu, Anil Kumar Sharma
BACKGROUND: Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell (IPSC) Technology is the most advanced research as it offers an attractive alternative for establishing patient-specific IPSCs to recapitulate phenotypes of not only monogenic diseases (viz. Thalassaemia, Sickle cell anemia, Haemophilia, Tay-Sachs disease), but also late-onset polygenic diseases (viz. Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia). Over the hindsight, numerous studies of the past and current scientists have led to the production, maturation and understanding of induced pluripotent stem cell technology and its use in basic and clinical research...
July 27, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747935/exploratory-study-of-the-clinical-characteristics-of-adolescent-girls-with-a-history-of-physical-or-sexual-abuse-consulting-in-a-mood-disorder-clinic
#4
Amelie LeBoeuf, Jean-Jacques Breton, Claude Berthiaume, Bogdan Balan, Christophe Huynh, Jean-Marc Guile, Réal Labelle
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical characteristics of adolescent girls consulting in a mood disorder clinic with a history of physical or sexual abuse. METHOD: A retrospective review was conducted of the charts of 55 adolescent girls consulting in a mood disorder clinic. An analysis grid was used to gather data on demographics, personal antecedents, symptoms and diagnoses. Girls with a history of physical or sexual abuse were compared with girls without such a history...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745950/declaring-conflict-of-interest-current-state-of-affairs-in-the-ophthalmic-literature
#5
Jamie Lea Schaefer, Noemie Aubert Bonn, Geert Craenen
CONTEXT: The importance of transparency with financial ties in biomedical research is widely recognized, and most peer-reviewed journals require declarations of Conflicts of Interest (COI). Nonetheless, variability in the consistency of declarations of COI has been sparsely assessed. OBJECTIVES: To assess consistency and rates of COI declarations in the ophthalmic literature and the effectiveness of journal COI policies. METHODS: We analyzed consistency and completeness of declaration of COI in the ophthalmic literature and compared the levels of completeness to specific journal requirements...
July 26, 2017: Accountability in Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745570/soft-tissue-tumor-immunohistochemistry-update-illustrative-examples-of-diagnostic-pearls-to-avoid-pitfalls
#6
Shi Wei, Evita Henderson-Jackson, Xiaohua Qian, Marilyn M Bui
CONTEXT: - Current 2013 World Health Organization classification of tumors of soft tissue arranges these tumors into 12 groups according to their histogenesis. Tumor behavior is classified as benign, intermediate (locally aggressive), intermediate (rarely metastasizing), and malignant. In our practice, a general approach to reaching a definitive diagnosis of soft tissue tumors is to first evaluate clinicoradiologic, histomorphologic, and cytomorphologic features of the tumor to generate some pertinent differential diagnoses...
August 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745556/gonorrhoea-in-greenland-incidence-and-previous-preventive-measures-a-review-to-improve-future-strategies
#7
Sine Berntsen, Anders Peder Højer Karlsen, Michael Lynge Pedersen, Gert Mulvad
Gonorrhoea continues to be a significant health challenge in Greenland. The aim of this study was to describe the development of gonorrhoea in Greenland through time including incidence rates and previous measures taken to address the challenge. A systematic literature search in PubMed, Embase and The Cochrane Library was conducted. Furthermore, local archives were searched in the Health Clinic in Nuuk for relevant literature. From the 1940s the incidence of gonorrhoea increased steadily with a steep incline around 1970, possibly as a consequence of changes in living conditions and urbanisation...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745209/thiazole-containing-heterocycles-with-antimalarial-activity
#8
Mukesh Kumar Kumawat
BACKGROUND: Heterocyclic compounds are the main class of medicinally important compounds. Many heterocyclic compounds bearing a five member ring in their structure have a good spectrum of biological activities. Thiazole is an important class of five membered heterocyclic compounds. Thiazole and its derivatives exhibited a broad range of biological activities due to the presence of various reaction posses. Thiazole, heterocyclic nucleus is present in several potent pharmacologically active molecules such as Sulfathiazole (antimicrobial drug), Ritonavir (antiretroviral drug), Tiazofurin (antineoplastic drug) and Abafungin (antifungal drug) etc...
July 25, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745208/thiazole-containing-heterocycles-with-cns-activity
#9
Priyanka Kalal, Divyani Gandhi, Prakash Prajapat, Shikha Agarwal
BACKGROUND: Thiazoles are promising scaffolds in the area of medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry and have accounted to show different pharmacophoric properties. For the last years, thiazole derivatives have focused too much attention to develop different new CNS active agents. It has been broadly used to generate diverse therapeutic agents against various CNS targets. Histamine H3 receptors are seriously involved in the pathophysiology of numerous disorders of the central nervous system...
July 24, 2017: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744768/causal-learning-is-collaborative-examining-explanation-and-exploration-in-social-contexts
#10
Cristine H Legare, David M Sobel, Maureen Callanan
Causal learning in childhood is a dynamic and collaborative process of explanation and exploration within complex physical and social environments. Understanding how children learn causal knowledge requires examining how they update beliefs about the world given novel information and studying the processes by which children learn in collaboration with caregivers, educators, and peers. The objective of this article is to review evidence for how children learn causal knowledge by explaining and exploring in collaboration with others...
July 25, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743692/an-idea-for-enhancing-undergraduate-research-at-rural-primarily-undergraduate-institutions
#11
Donald A Sens, Karen L Cisek, Pat Conway, Van A Doze
This study documents the efforts of the North Dakota (ND) IDeA Networks of Biomedical Research Excellence (INBRE) program to assist in the development of undergraduate research programs at four state-supported primarily undergraduate institutions (PUIs) in ND. The study was initiated in the 2004-2005 academic year and continues to the present. The study shows that gaining initial institutional support for undergraduate research was assisted by providing salary support for faculty involved in undergraduate research...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743690/educational-leadership-benefits-of-stepping-outside-the-classroom
#12
EDITORIAL
Thomas A Pressley
Although most educators have their greatest impact in the classroom, the increased need for diverse learning activities has created new opportunities for leadership. Moreover, many Tenure and Promotion Committees are finding that it is no longer sufficient to consider only lecture hours when evaluating a faculty member's contributions to the teaching mission of an institution. Accordingly, the career path for an educator in a college or professional school is evolving. A newly recruited faculty member may start out with traditional classroom responsibilities, but activities other than lecture, such as flipped classrooms, online resources, and peer-to-peer teaching, may be quickly added to the mix...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743683/cross-sectional-study-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-prevalence-among-smokers-ex-smokers-and-never-smokers-in-almaty-kazakhstan-study-protocol
#13
Almaz Sharman, Baurzhan Zhussupov, Dana Sharman, Assel Stambekova, Sattar Yeraliyev
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is significantly underdiagnosed in Kazakhstan, and there is no previously conducted study on COPD prevalence in the country. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of COPD among individuals aged 40 to 59 years based on results of spirometry before and after bronchodilator, presence of structural changes in the lungs (emphysema, inflammatory changes, and thickening of the walls of the large and small airways) detected by computer tomography, and the symptoms of COPD...
July 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743507/ketamine-for-pain-management-side-effects-potential-adverse-events
#14
Cheryl A Allen, Julius R Ivester
An old anesthetic agent, ketamine is finding new use in lower doses for analgesic purposes. There are concerns stemming from its potential side effects-specifically psychomimetic effects. These side effects are directly related to dose amount. The doses used for analgesic purposes are much lower than those used for anesthesia purposes. A literature review was performed to ascertain potential side effects and/or adverse events when using ketamine for analgesia purposes. The search included CINAHL, PubMed, and Ovid using the search terms "ketamine," "ketamine infusion," "pain," "adverse events," "practice guideline," and "randomized controlled trial...
July 22, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743192/searching-for-evidence-of-an-anti-inflammatory-diet-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-for-pediatric-obesity-interventions-with-a-focus-on-leptin-ghrelin-and-adiponectin
#15
Kimberly A Lewis, Sharon A Brown
PROBLEM: To address the complex phenomenon of pediatric obesity, one must understand the physiological mechanisms regulating energy intake and inflammation. The peptide hormones leptin, ghrelin, and adiponectin are involved in both, but their functions are dysregulated in obesity. The purpose of this systematic review is (1) to characterize studies of nutrition interventions for weight management in children who measure these peptides as outcomes, (2) to assess risk of bias in the studies, and (3) to determine the relationships between these peptides and body mass index (BMI)...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742976/peer-reviewer-acknowledgments
#16
Bart N Green, Editor In Chief
This editorial acknowledges the editorial board and peer reviewers for the journal and discusses the increased dissemination of scholarly work pertaining to chiropractic education and participation.
July 25, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742779/a-novel-method-of-evaluating-key-factors-for-success-in-a-multifaceted-critical-care-fellowship-using-data-envelopment-analysis
#17
Vikram Tiwari, Avinash B Kumar
BACKGROUND: The current system of summative multi-rater evaluations and standardized tests to determine readiness to graduate from critical care fellowships has limitations. We sought to pilot the use of data envelopment analysis (DEA) to assess what aspects of the fellowship program contribute the most to an individual fellow's success. DEA is a nonparametric, operations research technique that uses linear programming to determine the technical efficiency of an entity based on its relative usage of resources in producing the outcome...
July 21, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741908/research-capacity-for-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-latin-america-an-area-for-growth
#18
Diana C Parra, Susan Vorkoper, Harold W Kohl, Benjamin Caballero, Carolina Batis, Alejandra Jauregui, Jessica Mason, Michael Pratt
BACKGROUND: The rise of childhood obesity in Latin America calls for research capacity to understand, monitor and implement strategies, policies and programmes to address it. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess current research capacity in Latin America related to childhood obesity, nutrition and physical activity. METHODS: We conducted a search of peer-reviewed articles on childhood obesity in Latin America with at least one Latin American author from 2010 to May 2015...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741602/journal-of-radiological-protection-now-offers-reviewer-recognition-with-publons
#19
Maggie Simmons
Reviewers for Journal of Radiological Protection (JRP) are now able to track, verify and showcase their peer review contributions. IOP Publishing has partnered with Publons, a free service that enables reviewers to seamlessly have their reviewer records updated in Publons with the click of a button. As of 2017, reviewers for JRP will get the option to have a verified record of each review they do added to their Publons profile. Recognition will be given even if the reviews are anonymous and the manuscript is never published...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741450/a-systematic-review-of-the-impact-of-healthcare-reforms-on-access-to-emergency-department-and-elective-surgery-services-1994-2014
#20
Sandeep Reddy, Peter Jones, Harsha Shanthanna, Raechel Damarell, John Wakerman
This systematic review sought to identify whether health care reforms led to improvement in the emergency department (ED) length of stay (LOS) and elective surgery (ES) access in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom. The review was registered in the PROSPERO database (CRD42015016343), and nine databases were searched for peer-reviewed, English-language reports published between 1994 and 2014. We also searched relevant "grey" literature and websites. Included studies were checked for cited and citing papers...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Health Services: Planning, Administration, Evaluation
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