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Medial branch block

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255260/lumbar-radiofrequency-rhizotomy-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-increases-the-diagnosis-of-sacroiliac-joint-dysfunction-in-subsequent-follow-up-visits
#1
Varun Kumar Rimmalapudi, Sanjeev Kumar
Chronic back pain is often a result of coexisting pathologies; secondary causes of pain can become more apparent sources of pain once the primary pathology has been addressed. The objective of our study was to determine if there is an increase in diagnosis of Sacroiliac joint pain following a Lumbar Rhizotomy. A list of patients who underwent Lumbar Radiofrequency during a 6-month period in our clinic was generated. Records from subsequent clinic visits were reviewed to determine if a new diagnosis of SI joint pathology was made...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192858/deep-and-superficial-circumflex-iliac-arteries-and-their-relationship-to-the-ultrasound-guided-femoral-nerve-block-procedure-a-cadaver-study
#2
Keiko Ogami, Hiroaki Murata, Akiko Sakai, Shuntaro Sato, Kazunobu Saiki, Keishi Okamoto, Yoshitaka Manabe, Tetsuya Hara, Toshiyuki Tsurumoto
The in-plane lateral to medial approach is a standard technique for ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block (USG-FNB). The first bifurcation of the femoral artery, which consists of the deep artery of the thigh (DAT) or occasionally the lateral circumflex femoral artery (LCFA), is regarded as the distal border for this procedure. We sometimes detect arteries along the estimated needle trajectory for USG-FNB. The superficial (SCIA) and deep (DCIA) circumflex iliac arteries run laterally parallel to the inguinal ligament from the femoral or external iliac artery...
April 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183577/sonoanatomic-indices-of-lumbar-facet-joints-in-patients-with-facetogenic-back-pain-in-comparison-to-healthy-subjects
#3
Poupak Rahimzadeh, Hamid Reza Faiz, Ali Reza Baghaee, Nader D Nader
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, ultrasound is increasingly used with a great accuracy in performing nerve blocks for facet joint disease. OBJECTIVES: To measure sonoanatomic characteristics for the facet joints of lumbar vertebras in patients with facetogenic pain and healthy volunteers. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. SETTING: University-affiliated Specialty Clinic for Pain Management. PATIENTS: Twenty patients with facet joint disease (FJD) and 40 healthy volunteers (HVGs) were matched for age and sex, height, and weight...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149652/bilateral-intra-articular-radiofrequency-ablation-for-cervicogenic-headache
#4
Charles A Odonkor, Teresa Tang, David Taftian, Akhil Chhatre
Introduction. Cervicogenic headache is characterized by unilateral neck or face pain referred from various structures such as the cervical joints and intervertebral disks. A recent study of patients with cervical pain showed significant pain relief after cervical medial branch neurotomy but excluded patients with C1-2 joint pain. It remains unclear whether targeting this joint has potential for symptomatic relief. To address this issue, we present a case report of C1-2 joint ablation with positive outcomes...
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118273/ultrasound-guided-c7-cervical-medial-branch-block-using-the-in-plane-approach
#5
Ke-Vin Chang, Wei-Ting Wu, Levent Özçakar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118271/authors-response-to-letter-to-the-editor-ultrasound-guided-c7-cervical-medial-branch-block-using-the-in-plane-approach
#6
Donghwi Park, Ju Seok Ryu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025352/chronic-whiplash-associated-disorders-wad-responses-to-nerve-blocks-of-cervical-zygapophyseal-joints
#7
Mats Persson, Jan Sörensen, Björn Gerdle
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the prevalence of facet joint pain in chronic Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD). DESIGN: Forty-seven patients with chronic WAD were scheduled for medial branch blocks of the cervical spine. METHODS: The patient's localization of the pain together with established pain maps guided to the first level of zygapophyseal joint to be tested. The joint was anesthetized by injecting bupivacaine (0.5 ml; 5 mg/ml) to the medial branches of the cervical dorsal rami above and below the joint...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921449/reduction-mammaplasty-with-the-modified-round-block-technique-in-chinese-patients-and-its-anatomy-study
#8
Wei Ding, Yinjia Ding, Hua Jiang
BACKGROUND: Although reduction mammaplasty is one of the most common procedures in plastic surgery, it is associated with some serious complications, especially in cases of severe hypertrophy or advanced ptosis, including necrosis of the nipple and areola, absence of normal sensation of the nipple-areolar complex, and loss of lactational function for future nursing. A thorough understanding of the breast anatomy is vital for successful reduction mammaplasty. This article describes the blood supply and innervation of the breasts, and introduces a modified round block technique for reduction mammaplasty based on this anatomy...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815597/ultrasound-versus-fluoroscopy-guided-cervical-medial-branch-block-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-cervical-facet-joint-pain-a-retrospective-comparative-study
#9
Ki Deok Park, Dong-Ju Lim, Woo Yong Lee, JaeKi Ahn, Yongbum Park
OBJECTIVE: To compare the mid-term effects and advantages of the ultrasound (US)-guided with fluoroscopy(FL)-guided cervical medial branch blocks (CMBBs) for chronic cervical facet joint pain through assessment of pain relief, functional improvement, and injection efficiency. METHODS: Patients with chronic cervical facet joint pain who received US- (n = 68) or FL-guided CMBBs (n = 58) were included in this retrospective study. All procedures were performed using a FL or US...
January 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803230/randomised-sham-controlled-double-blind-multicentre-clinical-trial-to-ascertain-the-effect-of-percutaneous-radiofrequency-treatment-for-lumbar-facet-joint-pain
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
C W J van Tilburg, D L Stronks, J G Groeneweg, F J P M Huygen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a percutaneous radiofrequency heat lesion at the medial branch of the primary dorsal ramus with a sham procedure, for the treatment of lumbar facet joint pain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A randomised sham-controlled double blind multicentre trial was carried out at the multidisciplinary pain centres of two hospitals. A total of 60 patients aged > 18 years with a history and physical examination suggestive of facet joint pain and a decrease of ≥ 2 on a numerical rating scale (NRS 0 to 10) after a diagnostic facet joint test block were included...
November 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744005/paravertebral-spinal-injection-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-degenerative-facet-osteoarthropathy-evidence-of-motor-performance-improvements-based-on-objective-assessments
#11
Nima Toosizadeh, Homayoon Harati, Tzu-Chuan Yen, Cindy Fastje, Jane Mohler, Bijan Najafi, Michael Dohm
BACKGROUND: This study examined short- and long-term improvements in motor performance, quantified using wearable sensors, in response to facet spine injection in degenerative facet osteoarthropathy patients. METHODS: Adults with confirmed degenerative facet osteoarthropathy were recruited and were treated with medial or intermediate branch block injection. Self-report pain, health condition, and disability (Oswestry), as well as objective motor performance measures (gait, balance, and timed-up-and-go) were obtained in five sessions: pre-surgery (baseline), immediately after the injection, one-month, three-month, and 12-month follow-ups...
November 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676679/currently-recommended-ton-injectate-volumes-concomitantly-block-the-gon-clinical-implications-for-managing-cervicogenic-headache
#12
Sayed E Wahezi, Kyle Silva, Naum Shaparin, Andrew Lederman, Mohammed Emam, Nogah Haramati, Sherry A Downie
BACKGROUND: Headache (HA) is a significant cause of morbidity globally. Despite many available treatment options, HAs that are refractory to conservative management can be challenging to treat. Third occipital nerve (TON) and greater occipital nerve (GON) irritation are potential etiologic agents of primary and cervicogenic HAs that can be targeted using minimally invasive treatment options such as nerve blocks or radiofrequency ablation. However, a substantial number of patients that undergo radiofrequency ablation do not experience pain relief despite a positive diagnostic medial branch block (MBB)...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676664/pulsed-dose-radiofrequency-before-ablation-of-medial-branch-of-the-lumbar-dorsal-ramus-for-zygapophyseal-joint-pain-reduces-post-procedural-pain
#13
David Arsanious, Emmanuel Gage, Jonathon Koning, Mazin Sarhan, Gassan Chaiban, Mohammed Almualim, Joseph Atallah
BACKGROUND: One of the potential side effects with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) includes painful cutaneous dysesthesias and increased pain due to neuritis or neurogenic inflammation. This pain may require the prescription of opioids or non-opioid analgesics to control post-procedural pain and discomfort. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to compare post-procedural pain scores and post-procedural oral analgesic use in patients receiving continuous thermal radiofrequency ablation versus patients receiving pulsed dose radiofrequency immediately followed by continuous thermal radiofrequency ablation for zygopophaseal joint disease...
September 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610550/spinal-cord-injury-during-ultrasound-guided-c7-cervical-medial-branch-block
#14
Donghwi Park, Min Yong Seong, Ha Yong Kim, Ju Seok Ryu
Ultrasound-guided cervical medial branch block (CMBB) is commonly performed to diagnose and treat head, neck, and shoulder pain. However, its use at the C7 level has been shown to be less accurate than at other levels, which may increase the chance of injury owing to the imprecision of needle site provided by the ultrasound guide. We report the first case of iatrogenic spinal cord injury from an ultrasound-guided C7 CMBB. The patient, upon receiving this procedure, had fainted shortly after experiencing an electrical sensation that ran from the neck to the toe...
September 8, 2016: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606263/phantom-study-of-a-new-laser-etched-needle-for-improving-visibility-during-ultrasonography-guided-lumbar-medial-branch-access-with-novices
#15
Jung Wook Park, Min Woo Cheon, Min Hong Lee
OBJECTIVE: To compare the visibility and procedural parameters between a standard spinal needle and a new laser-etched needle (LEN) in real-time ultrasonography guided lumbar medial branch access in a phantom of the lumbosacral spine. METHODS: We conducted a prospective single-blinded observational study at a rehabilitation medicine center. A new model of LEN was manufactured with a standard 22-gauge spinal needle and a laser etching machine. Thirty-two inexperienced polyclinic medical students performed ultrasonography-guided lumbar medial branch access using both a standard spinal needle and a LEN with scanning protocol...
August 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552243/iatrogenic-pseudoaneurysm-after-continuous-adductor-canal-block
#16
Gianluca Cappelleri, Pietro Molinari, Antonella Stanco
No major complications have been associated with the ultrasound-guided continuous adductor canal block (cACB). We present a case of iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm in a branch of the superficial femoral artery in a 44-year-old patient after a cACB for knee surgery. Both anesthesia and surgery were completed uneventfully. The postoperative day 3 examination showed a complete quadricep impairment and a large hematoma in a medial-anterior part of the thigh, and laboratory tests reported hemoglobin = 7.2 g dL. The computed tomography scan revealed the pseudoaneurysm (16 × 16 × 18 mm) that was successfully embolized after selective catheterization...
November 1, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548307/medial-branch-nerve-block-and-ablation-as-a-novel-approach-to-pain-related-to-vertebral-compression-fracture
#17
Joseph Solberg, David Copenhaver, Scott M Fishman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review offers a critical examination of the biomechanical model that posits the posterior elements as a substantial contributor to pain in vertebral fracture. Further, the review assesses the treatment of posterior-element-associated pain in the setting of vertebral compression fracture in relation to vertebral augmentation. RECENT FINDINGS: In 2015, the only prospective randomized trial comparing percutaneous vertebroplasty with facet blockade was published in which authors found that percutaneous vertebroplasty produced better pain relief and function based on Oswestry Disability Index, Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire, and visual analog scale in the short term (≤1 week)...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506065/-the-dark-side-of-facet-joint
#18
REVIEW
Laurence Perrin Barelli, Nadia Guzman Dettori
Low back pain (LBP) is a major medical and economical problem, because of its high incidence. Indeed, 70-85% of adult people will suffer from this kind of pain once in their life. We will focus in this article on chronic LBP, which represent an annual prevalence of 30% and more specifically on mechanical pain, with our without radiation into the legs. In case of failure of traditional analgesia combining drugs and physical therapies, we can propose interventional pain relief. This involves a series of diagnostic blocks (medial branch blocks), followed by the treatment (radiofrequency ablation)...
June 22, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27468672/ultrasound-guided-spinal-procedures-for-pain-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Mark-Friedrich B Hurdle
As the population ages, more patients are developing degenerative changes of the spine and associated pain. Although interventional procedures for axial and radicular spine pain have been available for decades, common imaging modalities have relied on ionizing radiation for guidance. Over the past decade, ultrasound has become increasingly popular to image both peripheral musculoskeletal and axial structures. This article reviews the use of ultrasound in the guidance of spine procedures, including cervical and lumbar facet injections and medial branch blocks, third occipital nerve blocks, thoracic facet and costotransverse joint injections, sacroiliac joint injections, and caudal and interlaminar epidural injections...
August 2016: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296054/the-risks-of-continuing-or-discontinuing-anticoagulants-for-patients-undergoing-common-interventional-pain-procedures
#20
Stephen Endres, Allison Shufelt, Nikolai Bogduk
BACKGROUND: Guidelines have been published that recommend discontinuing anticoagulants in patients undergoing interventional pain procedures. The safety and effectiveness of these guidelines have not been tested. OBJECTIVES: The present study was performed to determine if continuing or discontinuing anticoagulants for pain procedures is associated with a detectable risk of complications. METHODS: An observational study was conducted in a private practice in which some partners continued anticoagulants while other partners routinely discontinued anticoagulants...
June 12, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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