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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930367/adjustable-single-incision-sling-ajust-the-effects-of-first-operations-controlled-by-pelvic-floor-sonography
#1
Tomasz Kluz, Edyta Wlaźlak, Andrzej Wróbel, Wiktor Wlaźlak, Michał Pazdrak, Grzegorz Surkont
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate using PFS-TV the mid-term results of our first operative experience with implanting a single incision sling - Ajust™. MATERIAL AND METHODS: One and the same surgeon has operated all the patients with symptoms of stress urinary incontinence. Ajust was the only performed procedure. Postoperative evaluation consisted of: a standardized interview and examination, a cough test and a PFS-TV for evaluation of urinary continence and tape location...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928664/yougui-pills-attenuate-cartilage-degeneration-via-activation-of-tgf-%C3%AE-smad-signaling-in-chondrocyte-of-osteoarthritic-mouse-model
#2
Lei Zhang, Ping-Er Wang, Jun Ying, Xing Jin, Cheng Luo, Taotao Xu, Shibing Xu, Rui Dong, Luwei Xiao, Peijian Tong, Hongting Jin
Yougui pills (YGPs) have been used for centuries in the treatment of Chinese patients with Kidney-Yang Deficiency Syndrome. Despite the fact that the efficiency of YGPs on treating osteoarthritis has been verified in clinic, the underlying mechanisms are not totally understood. The present study observes the therapeutic role of YGPs and mechanisms underlying its chondroprotective action in osteoarthritic cartilage. To evaluate the chondroprotective effects of YGPs, we examined the impact of orally administered YGPs in a model of destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM)...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927995/measuring-system-for-an-attitude-angle-of-a-denture-using-an-inertial-measurement-unit
#3
Toshiaki Sekita, Syuhei Takeuchi, Syunsuke Minakuchi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assemble and verify a measuring system for 3-D movements (attitude angle) of the denture during function. METHODS: For the calibration test, the sensor was fixed at the center of the rotary table. Operation and stopping of the rotary table were repeated 8 times, and the direction of rotation was reversed in the middle. The amount of rotation was 1.2 and 2.4°. As a pilot clinical trial, the attitude angles of three upper complete dentures during tapping were measured by this system...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925292/using-a-media-campaign-to-increase-engagement-with-a-mobile-based-youth-smoking-cessation-program
#4
Amy Sanders, Cendrine Robinson, Shani C Taylor, Samantha D Post, Jeffrey Goldfarb, Rui Shi, Yvonne M Hunt, Erik M Augustson
PURPOSE: To describe the impact of the National Cancer Institute's promotion of its youth smoking cessation program, Smokefree Teen (SFT). DESIGN: We provide a description of campaign strategies and outcomes as a means to engage a teen audience in cessation resources using a cost-effective approach. SETTING: The campaign occurred nationally, using traditional (TV and radio), online, and social media outreach. PARTICIPANTS: Ads targeted adolescent smokers (aged 14-17)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920080/lead-halide-perovskite-nanocrystals-in-the-research-spotlight-stability-and-defect-tolerance
#5
REVIEW
He Huang, Maryna I Bodnarchuk, Stephen V Kershaw, Maksym V Kovalenko, Andrey L Rogach
This Perspective outlines basic structural and optical properties of lead halide perovskite colloidal nanocrystals, highlighting differences and similarities between them and conventional II-VI and III-V semiconductor quantum dots. A detailed insight into two important issues inherent to lead halide perovskite nanocrystals then follows, namely, the advantages of defect tolerance and the necessity to improve their stability in environmental conditions. The defect tolerance of lead halide perovskites offers an impetus to search for similar attributes in other related heavy metal-free compounds...
September 8, 2017: ACS Energy Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917703/distally-enlarged-feeding-artery-phenomenon-in-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula-alternative-access-route-to-transarterial-intravenous-embolization-dong
#6
Hyun Shim, Jieun Roh, Jeong A Yeom, Young Soo Kim, Seung Kug Baik
BACKGROUND: Transvenous (TV) embolization is ideal for endovascular treatment of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF). However, it is not always feasible because of various factors, and transarterial (TA) embolization could then be tried. We aimed to determine the incidence of 'distally enlarged feeding artery phenomenon' and the major feeding artery in DAVF. In case TV approach is difficult and this phenomenon observed, we could use this vessel for transarterial intravenous (TAIV) embolization as an endovascular treatment modality for DAVF...
September 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915604/overexpression-of-a-functional-calcium-sensing-receptor-dramatically-increases-osteolytic-potential-of-mda-mb-231-cells-in-a-mouse-model-of-bone-metastasis-through-epiregulin-mediated-osteoprotegerin-downregulation
#7
Cédric Boudot, Lucie Hénaut, Ursula Thiem, Sandra Geraci, Mariangela Galante, Paulo Saldanha, Zuzana Saidak, Isabelle Six, Philippe Clézardin, Said Kamel, Romuald Mentaverri
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Osteolytic bone metastases are observed in advanced cases of breast cancer. In vitro data suggest that the activity of the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) expressed by metastatic cells could potentiate their osteolytic potential. This study aimed to demonstrate in vivo the involvement of the CaSR in breast cancer cells osteolytic potential and to identify potential targets linked to CaSR activity. METHODS AND RESULTS: MDA-MB-231 stably transfected with plasmids containing either a full-length wild-type CaSR (CaSR-WT), or a functionally inactive dominant negative mutant (CaSR-DN) or an empty vector (EV) were intratibially injected into Balb/c-Nude mice...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915225/physical-activity-not-sedentary-time-predicts-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-measured-adiposity-age-5-to-19-years
#8
Kathleen F Janz, Piroska Boros, Elena M Letuchy, Soyang Kwon, Trudy L Burns, Steven M Levy
PURPOSE: To examine the associations among physical activity (PA), sedentary time (SED), and TV viewing (TV) with fat mass (FAT) and visceral adipose tissue mass (VAT) from childhood through adolescence (5-19 yr). METHODS: Participants in the Iowa Bone Development Study (n = 230 males and 233 females) were examined at ages 5, 8, 11, 13, 15, 17, and 19 yr. Accelerometers measured moderate- or vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA; min·d), light-intensity PA (LPA; min·d), and SED (h·d)...
October 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913627/everolimus-eluting-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffold-in-daily-clinical-practice-a%C3%A2-single-centre-experience
#9
W S Remkes, R S Hermanides, M W Kennedy, E Fabris, E Kaplan, J P Ottervanger, A W J van 't Hof, E Kedhi
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence has raised concerns regarding the safety of the everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (E-BVS) (Absorb, Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA, USA). Following these data, the use of this device has diminished in the Netherlands; however, daily practice data are limited. Therefore we studied the incidence of safety and efficacy outcomes with this device in daily clinical practice in a single large tertiary centre in the Netherlands. METHODS: All E‑BVS treated patients were included in this analysis...
September 14, 2017: Netherlands Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910815/the-outcome-and-patterns-of-traumatic-brain-injury-in-the-paediatric-population-of-a-developing-country-secondary-to-tv-trolley-tip-over
#10
Muhammad Waqas, Gohar Javed, Karim Rizwan Nathani, Badar Ujjan, Syed A Quadri, Muhammad Zubair Tahir
BACKGROUND: Television (TV) trolley tip-over incidences are common and can cause significant morbidity and mortality in children. This study was aimed at analyzing the pattern and outcomes of head injuries resulting from TV trolley tip-over. METHOD: We conducted a medical chart review of children with TV trolley tip-over head injuries from January 2009 to April 2016. We collected data on demographics, the mechanism of injury, clinical and radiological features of the injury, and outcomes...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906014/development-and-initial-validation-of-a-novel-smoothed-particle-hydrodynamics-based-simulation-model-of-trabecular-bone-penetration-by-metallic-implants
#11
Sloan A Kulper, Christian X Fang, Xiaodan Ren, Margaret Guo, K Y Sze, Frankie Kl Leung, William W Lu
A novel computational model of implant migration in trabecular bone was developed using smoothed-particle hydrodynamics (SPH), and an initial validation was performed via correlation with experimental data. Six fresh-frozen human cadaveric specimens measuring 10 × 10 × 20 mm were extracted from the proximal femurs of female donors (mean age of 82 years, range 75-90, BV/TV ratios between 17.88-30.49%). These specimens were then penetrated under axial loading to a depth of 10 mm with 5 mm diameter cylindrical indenters bearing either flat or sharp/conical tip designs similar to blunt and self-tapping cancellous screws, assigned in a random manner...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904853/lyme-disease-and-youtubetm-a-cross-sectional-study-of-video-contents
#12
Corey H Basch, Lindsay A Mullican, Kwanza D Boone, Jingjing Yin, Alyssa Berdnik, Marina E Eremeeva, Isaac Chun-Hai Fung
OBJECTIVES: Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne disease. People seek health information on Lyme disease from YouTube(TM) videos. In this study, we investigated if the contents of Lyme disease-related YouTube(TM) videos varied by their sources. METHODS: Most viewed English YouTube(TM) videos (n = 100) were identified and manually coded for contents and sources. RESULTS: Within the sample, 40 videos were consumer-generated, 31 were internet-based news, 16 were professional, and 13 were TV news...
August 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901756/using-fundamental-spectroscopy-to-elucidate-kinetic-and-energetic-mechanisms-within-environmentally-relevant-inductively-coupled-plasma-systems
#13
Angela Hanna, Joshua Blechle, Ellen R Fisher
Understanding energy distributions and kinetic processes in NxOy plasma systems is vital to realizing their potential in a range of applications, including pollution abatement. Energy partitioning between degrees of freedom and multiple molecules formed within NxOy plasma systems (N2, N2O, N2/O2) was investigated using both optical emission and broadband absorption spec-troscopies. Specifically, we have determined electron temperatures (Te), as well as rotational (TR) and vibrational (TV) temperatures for various N2 (B(3)Πg and C(3)Πu) and NO (X(2)Π and A(2) Σ(+)) states...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901610/low-dose-dynamic-myocardial-perfusion-ct-imaging-using-a-motion-adaptive-sparsity-prior
#14
Zhaoying Bian, Dong Zeng, Zhang Zhang, Changfei Gong, Xiumei Tian, Gang Yan, Jing Huang, Hong Guo, Bo Chen, Jing Zhang, Qianjin Feng, Wufan Chen, Jianhua Ma
PURPOSE: Dynamic myocardial perfusion computed tomography (DM-PCT) imaging offers benefits over quantitative assessment of myocardial blood flow (MBF) for diagnosis and risk stratification of coronary artery disease. However, one major drawback of DM-PCT imaging is that a high radiation level is imparted by repeated scanning. To address this issue, in this work, we developed a statistical iterative reconstruction algorithm based on the penalized weighted least-squares (PWLS) scheme by incorporating a motion adaptive sparsity prior (MASP) model to achieve high-quality DM-PCT imaging with low tube current dynamic data acquisition...
September 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898423/iterative-volume-of-interest-based-4d-cone-beam-ct
#15
Rachael Martin, Moiz Ahmad, Geoffrey Hugo, Tinsu Pan
PURPOSE: 4D cone-beam CT (CBCT) has potential applications in soft tissue alignment and tumor motion verification at the time of radiation treatment. However, prominent streak artifacts with conventional image reconstructions have limited its clinical use and alternative reconstructions are generally too computationally expensive for the time available. We propose an iterative volume of interest based (I4D VOI) reconstruction technique, where 4D reconstruction is only performed within a VOI, to limit streak artifacts with limited added computation time...
September 12, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894707/health-literacy-among-visitors-of-district-polyclinics-in-almaty-kazakhstan
#16
Gaukhar Kayupova, Botagoz Turdaliyeva, Kazbek Tulebayev, Tuyen Van Duong, Peter Wushou Chang, Diana Zagulova
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate health literacy levels of patients in Almaty City, Kazakhstan and to identify socio-demographics and socio-economic factors related to their health literacy. METHODS: An international survey instrument HLS-EU-Q developed by the European Health Literacy Consortium was used in a cross-sectional study with 1000 citizens in the Almaty City at the age of 18 and over who visited the out-patient departments in the polyclinics between Feb and Oct 2014...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894597/brs-implantation-in-long-lesions-requiring-device-overlapping-myth-or-reality
#17
REVIEW
Simone Biscaglia, Andrea Erriquez, Davide Bernucci, Giulia Bugani, Enrico Favaretto, Gianluca Campo
Dealing with bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) implantation in long lesions requiring device overlapping in this particular moment might seem a little provocative for several reasons. First, most studies testing BVS have focused on their safety and efficacy profile in simple patients with simple lesions. Second, ABSORB II did not meet its primary endpoint, while ABSORB III showed a higher rate of target vessel-myocardial infarction (TV-MI) at 2 years. Third, data on porcine model showed that overlapping zone has delayed but greater neointimal proliferation with consequent higher risk for scaffold thrombosis in the short-term and of in-scaffold restenosis in the long-term...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894596/magmaris-a-new-generation-metallic-sirolimus-eluting-fully-bioresorbable-scaffold-present-status-and-future-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Claudio Rapetto, Massimo Leoncini
Drug-eluting stents (DES) have reached a high safety and efficacy profile, becoming the best option for percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) based revascularization. However, despite their optimal performance, a few concerns remain regarding their use, mainly due to permanent caging of the vessels and its consequences, first of all late stent thrombosis (ST). Bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) aim to overcome these issues. The results achieved in randomized controlled trials (RCT) by the first generation of poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) based scaffolds were promising at 1 year, but the first long term reports (albeit flawed by non-optimal implantation technique) have been disappointing, showing, for instance, an increased risk of ST and target vessel myocardial infarction (TV-MI)...
August 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893586/effects-of-diisononyl-phthalate-on-osteopenia-in-intact-mice
#19
Yun-Ho Hwang, Young-Jin Son, Man-Jeong Paik, Sung-Tae Yee
Osteopenia is characterized by bone loss and deterioration of trabecular bone, which leads to osteoporotic fractures. This disease is highly prevalent in industrialized areas and is associated with exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). Diisononyl phthalate (DINP) is one of these EDCs and is mainly used as a plasticizer in flexible polyvinyl chloride (PVC) products. Although it is well known that exposure to DINP is harmful to humans, no studies have been reported concerning its contribution to osteopenia...
September 8, 2017: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891723/state-mandated-nutrition-physical-activity-and-screen-time-policies-in-child-care-centers
#20
Catherina Chang-Martinez, Nasar U Ahmed, Ruby A Natale, Sarah E Messiah
BACKGROUND: The child care center (CCC) environment presents opportunities for healthy weight promotion in preschoolers. Our study examined the current state of CCC adherence to nutrition, physical activity, and screen time legislative regulations and the differences in their adherence by center socioeconomic position (SEP: low, middle, high) in Miami-Dade County. METHOD: In 34 CCC, we used the Environment and Policy Assessment and Observation tool to evaluate nutrition, physical activity, and screen time practices during 1-school day...
September 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
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