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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099133/association-between-screen-time-and-snack-consumption-in-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-iv-study
#1
Roya Kelishadi, Nafiseh Mozafarian, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Saeid Safiri, Gelayol Ardalan, Hamid Asayesh, Fatemeh Rezaei, Ramin Heshmat
BACKGROUND: The relationship between screen time (ST) and the frequency of snack consumption in a national sample of Iranian children and adolescents was assessed. The present nationwide survey was conducted on 14,880 school students living in urban and rural areas of 30 provinces in Iran. Trained healthcare providers conducted the physical examination and completed the questionnaire of the World Health Organization - Global School-Based Student Health Survey (WHO-GSHS). METHODS: The association between ST (total time spent watching TV and using a computer in leisure time) and the frequency of snack consumption was determined using ordinal logistic regression analysis...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097983/tv-documentary-highlights-the-reality-of-working-in-the-nhs
#2
(no author information available yet)
A new TV documentary shows the reality of working for one of the busiest trusts in the NHS.
January 18, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097941/telemedicine-support-shortens-length-of-stay-after-fast-track-hip-replacement
#3
Martin Svoldgaard Vesterby, Preben Ulrich Pedersen, Malene Laursen, Søren Mikkelsen, Jens Larsen, Kjeld Søballe, Lene Bastrup Jørgensen
Background and purpose - Telemedicine could allow patients to be discharged more quickly after surgery and contribute to improve fast-track procedures without compromising quality, patient safety, functionality, anxiety, or other patient-perceived parameters. We investigated whether using telemedicine support (TMS) would permit hospital discharge after 1 day without loss of self-assessed quality of life, loss of functionality, increased anxiety, increased rates of re-admission, or increased rates of complications after hip replacement...
February 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097837/food-and-beverage-advertising-on-children-s-tv-channels-in-argentina-frequency-duration-and-nutritional-quality
#4
Alicia Rovirosa, María E Zapata, Paula Gómez, Susana Gotthelf, Daniel Ferrante
: Food and beverage marketing has been identified as one of the determinants of unhealthy food and beverage consumption in the child population. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and duration of food and beverage advertising in children's programming and the nutritional quality of advertised food and beverages. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. Children's cable and broadcast channel programming was recorded in two periods: over the week and on the weekend...
1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095512/models-for-predicting-the-biomass-of-cunninghamialanceolata-trees-and-stands-in-southeastern-china
#5
Mei Guangyi, Sun Yujun, Sajjad Saeed
Using existing equations to estimate the biomass of a single tree or a forest stand still involves large uncertainties. In this study, we developed individual-tree biomass models for Chinese Fir (Cunninghamia lanceolata.) stands in Fujian Province, southeast China, by using 74 previously established models that have been most commonly used to estimate tree biomass. We selected the best fit models and modified them. The results showed that the published model ln(B(Biomass)) = a + b * ln(D) + c * (ln(H))2 + d * (ln(H))3 + e * ln(WD) had the best fit for estimating the tree biomass of Chinese Fir stands...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095112/autogenous-bone-particle-titanium-fibre-composites-for-bone-regeneration-in-a-rabbit-radius-critical-size-defect-model
#6
Huanxin Xie, Ye Ji, Qi Tian, Xintao Wang, Nan Zhang, Yicai Zhang, Jun Xu, Nanxiang Wang, Jinglong Yan
PURPOSE: To explore the effects of autogenous bone particle/titanium fibre composites on repairing segmental bone defects in rabbits. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A model of bilateral radial bone defect was established in 36 New Zealand white rabbits which were randomly divided into 3 groups according to filling materials used for bilaterally defect treatment: in group C, 9 animal bone defect areas were prepared into simple bilateral radius bone defect (empty sham) as the control group; 27 rabbits were used in groups ABP and ABP-Ti...
January 17, 2017: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092509/a-bci-based-environmental-control-system-for-patients-with-severe-spinal-cord-injuries
#7
Rui Zhang, Qihong Wang, Kai Li, Shenghong He, Si Qin, Zhenghui Feng, Yang Chen, Pingxia Song, Tingyan Yang, Yuandong Zhang, Zhuliang Yu, Yaohua Hu, Ming Shao, Yuanqing Li
: This study proposes an event-related potential (ERP) BCI-based environmental control system that integrates household electrical appliances, a nursing bed, and an intelligent wheelchair to provide daily assistance to paralyzed patients with severe spinal cord injuries (SCIs). METHODS: An asynchronous mode is used to switch the environmental control system on or off or to select a device (e.g., a TV) for achieving selfpaced control. In the asynchronous mode, we introduce several pseudo-keys and a verification mechanism to effectively reduce the false operation rate...
January 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092466/clinical-performance-of-the-solana%C3%A2-point-of-care-trichomonas-assay-from-clinician-collected-vaginal-swabs-and-urine-specimens-from-symptomatic-and-asymptomatic-women
#8
C A Gaydos, J Schwebke, J Dombrowski, J Marrazzo, J Coleman, B Silver, M Barnes, L Crane, P Fine
BACKGROUND: Solana® (Quidel) is a new rapid (<40 min.) point-of-care (POC) test for qualitative detection of Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) DNA. The assay has two steps: 1) specimen preparation, and 2) amplification and detection using isothermal Helicase-Dependent Amplification (HDA). The objective was to demonstrate the performance of Solana for vaginal swabs and female urines based on comparison to wet mount and TV culture. Performance was also compared to the Aptima-TV assay. METHODS: Urine and four clinician-collected vaginal swabs were collected...
January 16, 2017: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092060/parenting-self-efficacy-parent-depression-and-healthy-childhood-behaviors-in-a-low-income-minority-population-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#9
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds Taylor, Kenneth A Wallston, Shari L Barkin
Objectives Childhood obesity prevention and treatment depends, in part, on parents acting as agents of change for their children. Our objective was to measure the associations between parenting self-efficacy, parent depressive symptoms, and preschool child behaviors that support healthy growth. Methods We performed a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial. Parenting self-efficacy was measured using a 5-item version of the Parenting Sense of Competence (PSOC-5) scale (α= 0...
January 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090248/just-change-the-channel-studying-effects-of-age-on-emotion-regulation-using-a-tv-watching-paradigm
#10
Molly Sands, Adam Garbacz, Derek M Isaacowitz
Older adults are theorized to benefit from proactive forms of emotion regulation that allow them to avoid negative stimuli (Charles, 2010). To test this, we examined choices as a form of emotion regulation. In two studies investigating age differences, participants selected affective stimuli using a cable television interface, while choices and mood were recorded. In lab-based Study 1, older adults spent more time watching neutral channels, but younger adults spent more time watching positive ones. Older adults also watched more low-arousal content, while younger adults watched more high-arousal content...
November 2016: Social Psychological and Personality Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078447/trends-in-aortic-valve-replacement-in-germany-in-2015-transcatheter-versus-isolated-surgical-aortic-valve-repair
#11
Luise Gaede, Johannes Blumenstein, Won-Keun Kim, Christoph Liebetrau, Oliver Dörr, Holger Nef, Christian Hamm, Albrecht Elsässer, Helge Möllmann
AIMS: We analysed the number of procedures, indications, and in-hospital mortality rates of all patients undergoing isolated surgical aortic valve replacement (sAVR) or transvascular (TV-) and transapical (TA-) transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) from 2012 to 2015 in Germany. METHODS AND RESULTS: More than 31,000 aortic valve procedures were performed in 2015 in Germany, representing a total increase of 4.5% over 2014. TV-TAVI accounts for 13,108 of these procedures, with an increase of 21%, whereas the numbers of isolated sAVR and TA-TAVI decreased slightly...
January 11, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077271/occupational-exposure-to-pesticides-reproductive-hormone-levels-and-sperm-quality-in-young-brazilian-men
#12
Cleber Cremonese, Camila Piccoli, Fabio Pasqualotto, Ruth Clapauch, Rosalina Jorge Koifman, Sergio Koifman, Carmen Freire
The association of occupational exposure to current-use pesticides with reproductive hormones, semen quality, and genital measures was investigated among young men in the South of Brazil. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 99 rural and 36 urban men aged 18-23 years. Information on pesticide use was obtained through questionnaire. Serum and semen samples were analyzed for sex hormones and sperm parameters, respectively, and measurement of anogenital distance (AGD) and testis volume (TV) were performed...
January 7, 2017: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074013/exposure-to-radiofrequency-electromagnetic-fields-from-wi-fi-in-australian-schools
#13
Ken Karipidis, Stuart Henderson, Don Wijayasinghe, Lydiawati Tjong, Rick Tinker
The increasing use of Wi-Fi in schools and other places has given rise to public concern that the radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields from Wi-Fi have the potential to adversely affect children. The current study measured typical and peak RF levels from Wi-Fi and other sources in 23 schools in Australia. All of the RF measurements were much lower than the reference levels recommended by international guidelines for protection against established health effects. The typical and peak RF levels from Wi-Fi in locations occupied by children in the classroom were of the order of 10(-4) and 10(-2)% of the exposure guidelines, respectively...
January 10, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073954/gene-obesogenic-environment-interactions-in-the-uk-biobank-study
#14
Jessica Tyrrell, Andrew R Wood, Ryan M Ames, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Robin N Beaumont, Samuel E Jones, Marcus A Tuke, Katherine S Ruth, Rachel M Freathy, George Davey Smith, Stéphane Joost, Idris Guessous, Anna Murray, David P Strachan, Zoltán Kutalik, Michael N Weedon, Timothy M Frayling
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that modern obesogenic environments accentuate the genetic risk of obesity. However, these studies have proven controversial as to which, if any, measures of the environment accentuate genetic susceptibility to high body mass index (BMI). METHODS: We used up to 120 000 adults from the UK Biobank study to test the hypothesis that high-risk obesogenic environments and behaviours accentuate genetic susceptibility to obesity...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073806/functional-tricuspid-regurgitation-caused-by-chronic-atrial-fibrillation-a-real-time-3-dimensional-transesophageal-echocardiography-study
#15
Hiroto Utsunomiya, Yuji Itabashi, Hirotsugu Mihara, Javier Berdejo, Sayuki Kobayashi, Robert J Siegel, Takahiro Shiota
BACKGROUND: Functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) with a structurally normal tricuspid valve (TV) may occur secondary to chronic atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the clinical and echocardiographic differences according to functional TR subtypes are unclear. Therefore, characterization of functional TR because of chronic AF (AF-TR) remains undetermined. METHODS AND RESULTS: To investigate the prevalence of AF-TR, 437 patients with moderate to severe TR underwent 3-dimensional (3D) transesophageal echocardiography...
January 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070464/the-acceptability-of-tv-based-game-platforms-as-an-instrument-to-support-the-cognitive-evaluation-of-senior-adults-at-home
#16
Carlos Rivas Costa, Manuel José Fernández Iglesias, Luis Eulogio Anido Rifón, Miguel Gómez Carballa, Sonia Valladares Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: The computing capabilities of state-of-the-art television sets and media centres may facilitate the introduction of computer-assisted evaluation at home. This approach would help to overcome the drawbacks of traditional pen-and-paper evaluations administered in clinical facilities, as they could be performed in a more comfortable environment, the subject's home, and they would be more flexible for designing complex environments for the evaluation of neuropsychological constructs that are difficult to assess through traditional testing...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070215/multiple-hpv-infections-in-female-sex-workers-in-western-kenya-implications-for-prophylactic-vaccines-within-this-sub-population
#17
Sonia Menon, Davy van den Broeck, Rodolfo Rossi, Emilomo Ogbe, Hillary Mabeya
BACKGROUND: Whilst the imputed role of High Risk (HR) HPV infection in the development of cervical lesions and cancer has been established, the high number of HPV genotypes that Female Sex workers (FSW) harbour warrants that the synergistic effects of potential HR (pHR) and HR HPV genotypes be elucidated to assess the potential impact of prophylactic vaccines. This population in Kenya also harbours a number of other vaginal infections and STIs, including bacterial vaginosis (BV), trichomonas vaginalis (TV) and candida spp...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067429/lnk-deficiency-leads-to-tpo-mediated-osteoclastogenesis-and-increased-bone-mass-phenotype
#18
David J Olivos, Marta Alvarez, Ying-Hua Cheng, R Adam Hooker, Wendy A Ciovacco, Monique Bethel, Haley McGough, Christopher Yim, Brahmananda R Chitteti, Pierre P Eleniste, Mark C Horowitz, Edward F Srour, Angela Bruzzaniti, Robyn K Fuchs, Melissa A Kacena
The Lnk adapter protein negatively regulates the signaling of thrombopoietin (TPO), the main megakaryocyte (MK) growth factor. Lnk-deficient (-/-) mice have increased TPO signaling and increased MK number. Interestingly, several mouse models exist in which increased MK number leads to a high bone mass phenotype. Here we report the bone phenotype of these mice. MicroCT and static histomorphometric analyses at 20 weeks showed the distal femur of Lnk(-/-) mice to have significantly higher bone volume fraction and trabecular number compared to wild-type (WT) mice...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067199/ct-in-patients-with-tricuspid-regurgitation-prior-to-transcatheter-valve-repair-dynamic-analysis-of-the-annulus-with-an-individually-tailored-contrast-media-protocol
#19
Ricarda Hinzpeter, Matthias Eberhard, Philipp Burghard, Felix C Tanner, Maurizio Taramasso, Robert Manka, Gudrun Feuchtner, Francesco Maisano, Hatem Alkadhi
AIMS: To introduce a contrast media (CM)-protocol for the dynamic visualization of the tricuspid valve (TV) and tricuspid annulus (TA) with CT. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifteen patients with no cardiac abnormalities (=controls), 15 patients with functional tricuspid regurgitation (FTR) <3+ and 13 patients with FTR ≥3+ underwent a dedicated cardiac CT protocol. Using an advanced visualization, segmentation and analysis software, the annular area, entire annular circumference, its three parts, and annular diameters were measured by two independent, blinded readers...
January 10, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067009/one-step-3d-tv-hysterosalpingo-foam-sonography-3d-tv-hyfosy-confirmation-test-for-essure%C3%A2-follow-up-a-multicenter-study
#20
Brunella Zizolfi, Lucia Lazzeri, Mario Franchini, Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Carmine Nappi, Emilio Piccione, Caterina Exacoustos
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of a three-dimensional-transvaginal-hysterosalpingo-contrast-sonography using the new dedicated contrast-enhanced gel foam (3D-TV-HyFoSy) to assess the position of the tubal sterilization Essure® devices and consequent tubal occlusion in patients who underwent Essure® hysteroscopic tubal sterilization. METHODS: This multicenter study was prospectively conducted from June 2012 to July 2014 in four italian centers and included 50 women who underwent hysteroscopic Essure® microinsert placement, for a total of 95 tubes...
January 9, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
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