keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tv

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333380/anti-obesity-property-of-lichen-thamnolia-vermicularis-extract-in-3t3-l1-cells-and-diet-induced-obese-mice
#1
Ra-Yeong Choi, Ju Ri Ham, Jiyoung Yeo, Jae-Seoun Hur, Seok-Kyu Park, Myung-Joo Kim, Mi-Kyung Lee
Thamnolia vermicularis (TV) is an edible lichen that is prevalent in the alpine zone of East Asia. This study evaluated the feasibility of using TV acetone extracts as a functional food based on experiments using cell line and obese mice. The cellular triglyceride levels and Oil red O staining of 3T3-L1 cells indicated that TV extracts (5 and 10 μg/mL) dose-dependently suppressed adipocyte differentiation and lipid accumulation compared with the control. The TV extract (0.4%, w/w) in a high-fat diet (HFD) was supplemented to C57BL/6N mice for 12 weeks, and TV extract supplement significantly reduced visceral fat mass and body weight compared with HFD feeding alone...
December 2017: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332606/tricuspid-flow-and-regurgitation-in-congenital-heart-disease-and-pulmonary-hypertension-comparison-of-4d-flow-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-and-echocardiography
#2
Mieke M P Driessen, Marjolijn A Schings, Gertjan Tj Sieswerda, Pieter A Doevendans, Erik H Hulzebos, Marco C Post, Repke J Snijder, Jos J M Westenberg, Arie P J van Dijk, Folkert J Meijboom, Tim Leiner
BACKGROUND: Tricuspid valve (TV) regurgitation (TR) is a common complication of pulmonary hypertension and right-sided congenital heart disease, associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Estimation of TR severity by echocardiography and conventional cardiovasvular magnetic resonance (CMR) is not well validated and has high variability. 4D velocity-encoded (4D-flow) CMR was used to measure tricuspid flow in patients with complex right ventricular (RV) geometry and varying degrees of TR...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331992/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-reducing-non-occupational-sedentary-behaviour-in-adults-and-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Nipun Shrestha, Jozo Grgic, Glen Wiesner, Alexandra Parker, Hrvoje Podnar, Jason A Bennie, Stuart J H Biddle, Zeljko Pedisic
BACKGROUND: No systematic reviews of the effectiveness of interventions for reducing non-occupational sedentary behaviour are available. Therefore, the aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of interventions for reducing non-occupational sedentary behaviour in adults and older adults. METHODS: An electronic search of nine databases was performed. Randomised controlled trials (RCT) and cluster RCTs among adults testing the effectiveness of interventions aimed to reduce non-occupational sedentary behaviour were considered for inclusion...
January 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329359/effectiveness-of-mass-media-campaigns-to-reduce-alcohol-consumption-and-harm-a-systematic-review
#4
Ben Young, Sarah Lewis, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Linda Bauld, Martine Stead, Kathryn Angus, Mhairi Campbell, Shona Hilton, James Thomas, Kate Hinds, Adela Ashie, Tessa Langley
Aims: To assess the effectiveness of mass media messages to reduce alcohol consumption and related harms using a systematic literature review. Methods: Eight databases were searched along with reference lists of eligible studies. Studies of any design in any country were included, provided that they evaluated a mass media intervention targeting alcohol consumption or related behavioural, social cognitive or clinical outcomes. Drink driving interventions and college campus campaigns were ineligible...
January 10, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328095/experimental-comparison-of-single-pixel-imaging-algorithms
#5
Liheng Bian, Jinli Suo, Qionghai Dai, Feng Chen
Single-pixel imaging (SPI) is a novel technique that captures 2D images using a photodiode, instead of conventional 2D array sensors. SPI has high signal-to-noise ratio, wide spectral range, low cost, and robustness to light scattering. Various algorithms have been proposed for SPI reconstruction, including linear correlation methods, the alternating projection (AP) method, and compressive sensing (CS) based methods. However, there has been no comprehensive review discussing respective advantages, which is important for SPI's further applications and development...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328048/a-biomechanical-modeling-guided-simultaneous-motion-estimation-and-image-reconstruction-technique-smeir-bio-for-4d-cbct-reconstruction
#6
Xiaokun Huang, You Zhang, Jing Wang
Reconstructing four-dimensional cone-beam computed tomography (4D-CBCT) images directly from respiratory phase-sorted traditional 3D-CBCT projections can capture target motion trajectory, reduce motion artifacts, and reduce imaging dose and time. However, the limited numbers of projections in each phase after phase-sorting decreases CBCT image quality under traditional reconstruction techniques. To address this problem, we developed a simultaneous motion estimation and image reconstruction (SMEIR) algorithm, an iterative method that can reconstruct higher quality 4D-CBCT images from limited projections using an inter-phase intensity-driven motion model...
January 12, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327013/thienylene-vinylene-dimerization-from-solution-to-self-assembled-monolayer-on-gold
#7
Sihame Bkhach, Olivier Alévêque, Philippe Blanchard, Christelle Gautier, Eric Levillain
The electrochemical and spectroelectrochemical studies of thienylene vinylene (TV) derivatives in the immobilized state are compared with the ones obtained in solution. The results highlight the exaltation of the dimerization process onto TV-based self-assembled monolayers, in which the π interaction is maintained even after 75% dilution.
January 12, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326178/impact-of-replacing-cytology-with-human-papillomavirus-testing-for-cervical-cancer-screening-on-the-prevalence-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-a-modelling-study
#8
Ben B Hui, Caitlin P Reulein, Rebecca J Guy, Basil Donovan, Jane S Hocking, Matthew G Law, David G Regan
OBJECTIVES: Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) is the most common curable STI worldwide and is associated with increased risk of HIV acquisition and serious reproductive morbidities. The prevalence of TV infection is very low in Australian cities, and this is thought to be at least partly due to incidental detection and treatment of TV in women participating in the cervical cytology screening programme. In 2017, the national cervical screening programme will transition to a new model based on testing for high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV), with a reduced frequency and commencement at an older age...
January 11, 2018: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325973/cardiac-electronic-implantable-devices-after-tricuspid-valve-surgery
#9
Raphaël P Martins, Vincent Galand, Christophe Leclercq, Jean-Claude Daubert
The demand for tricuspid valve (TV) surgery has increased continuously these last years. Recent registry data have confirmed that TV repair or replacement carry an increased risk of conduction disorders requiring permanent pacemaker implantation, specifically for patients having multivalve surgery. The implantation of an endocardial right ventricular lead in those patients may impair TV function, and some other approaches may be discussed to avoid traversing the valve. This contemporary review describes the different options currently available for patients requiring pacemaker or defibrillation leads implantation after TV surgery...
January 8, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325164/sleep-duration-in-the-united-states-2003-2016-first-signs-of-success-in-the-fight-against-sleep-deficiency
#10
Mathias Basner, David F Dinges
Study Objectives: The high prevalence of chronic insufficient sleep in the population has been a concern due to the associated health and safety risks. We evaluated secular trends in sleep duration over the most recent 14-year period. Methods: The American Time Use Survey (ATUS), representative of US residents ≥15 years, was used to investigate trends in self-reported sleep duration and waking activities for the period 2003-2016 (N=181,335 respondents). Results: Sleep duration increased across survey years both on weekdays (+1...
January 8, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322320/is-there-a-relationship-between-the-load-distribution-on-the-tibial-plateau-and-hip-knee-ankle-angle-after-tka
#11
Takao Kaneko, Norihiko Kono, Yuta Mochizuki, Hiroyasu Ikegami, Yoshiro Musha
INTRODUCTION: This study asked whether differences in coronal alignment after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) affect the load distribution on the tibial plateau. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between coronal alignment and the load distribution on the tibial plateau after TKA, using three-dimensional multi-detector-row-computed tomography (3D-MDCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we performed 84 cementless TKA with porous tantalum modular tibial component (PTMT) and divided into three groups based on post-operative hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle: varus alignment group (n = 22), (176° ≧) neutral alignment group (n = 45), (180° ± 3°), and valgus alignment group (n = 17) (184° ≦)...
January 10, 2018: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319146/prevalence-and-predictors-of-over-the-counter-medication-use-among-adolescents-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#12
Caroline Barakat-Haddad, Ayesha Siddiqua
The patterns of over-the-counter medication (OTC) usage among adolescents living in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) remains largely understudied. The objectives of this study are: (1) to determine the profile of OTC use among UAE adolescents; and (2) to determine the biological or physical, psychological or behavioural, and social predictors of OTC use among the UAE adolescent population. Using a cross-sectional study design, data were collected on the prevalence of OTC use for a sample of 6363 adolescents. Overall, 51% of participants in this study reported OTC use...
January 2, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318432/the-price-study-the-role-of-conventional-and-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-assessment-of-locally-advanced-cervical-cancer-patients-administered-by-chemoradiation-followed-by-radical-surgery
#13
A L Valentini, M Miccò, B Gui, M Giuliani, E Rodolfino, A M Telesca, T Pasciuto, A Testa, M A Gambacorta, G Zannoni, V Rufini, A Giordano, V Valentini, G Scambia, R Manfredi
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the role of DW-MRI in early prediction of pathologically-assessed residual disease in locally-advanced cervical cancer (LACC) treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by radical surgery. METHODS: Between October 2010-June 2014, 108 women with histologically-proven cervical cancer were screened; 88 were included in this study. Tumour volume (TV) and ADCmean were measured before (baseline-MRI) and after 2 weeks of chemoradiotherapy (early-MRI)...
January 9, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317975/subcutaneous-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-implantation-without-defibrillation-threshold-testing-a-single-center-experience
#14
Bandar Al-Ghamdi, Azam Shafquat, Nadiah Alruwaili, Shisamma Emmanual, Mohamed Shoukri, Yaseen Mallawi
Background: Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator (S-ICD) system has been proven to be an effective therapy for prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in selected patients. Although the Shockless IMPLant Evaluation (SIMPLE) trial has shown that defibrillation threshold (DFT) testing is not necessary for transvenous ICD (TV-ICD) systems, it is still recommended for S-ICD systems. We aimed to study the efficacy and safety of S-ICD implantation without DFT in our Heart Center with the comparison of S-ICD patients' outcome to those with a single chamber TV-ICD without DFT in the same period...
December 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317256/nandrolone-combined-with-strenuous-resistance-training-reduces-vascular-nitric-oxide-bioavailability-and-impairs-endothelium-dependent-vasodilation
#15
Vinicius Guzzoni, Tatiana Sousa Cunha, Vander José das Neves, Larissa Briet, Rafaela Costa, Maria José Costa Sampaio Moura, Vanessa Oliveira, Maria do Carmo Pinho Franco, Pedro Duarte Novaes, Fernanda Klein Marcondes
Anabolic Androgenic Steroids (AASs) misuse has increased among adolescents and recreational athletes due to their potential effects on muscle hypertrophy. On the other hand, AAS might induce alterations on cardiovascular system, although some controversies regarding AAS on vascular properties remain unknown. To address this question, we aimed to investigate the effects of high doses of nandrolone combined with strenuous resistance training (RT) on function and structure of thoracic aorta. Rats were randomized into four groups: non-trained vehicle (NTV), trained vehicle (TV), non-trained nandrolone (NTN), and trained nandrolone (TN), and submitted to 6 weeks of treatment with nandrolone (5mg/kg, twice a week) and/or resistance training...
January 6, 2018: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315367/sudden-death-in-patients-with-ebstein-anomaly
#16
Christine H Attenhofer Jost, Nicholas Y Tan, Abdalla Hassan, Emily R Vargas, David O Hodge, Joseph A Dearani, Heidi Connolly, Samuel J Asirvatham, Christopher J McLeod
Aims: Ventricular dysfunction or structural alteration of either ventricle is a well-established risk factor for sudden death (SD). Ebstein anomaly (EA) can present with both right and left heart abnormalities; however, predictors of SD have not been described. We therefore sought to characterize the incidence and risk factors of SD among a large cohort of patients with EA. Methods and results: All EA patients who underwent evaluation at a high-volume institution over a 4-decade period were retrospectively reviewed...
January 5, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305062/from-facts-to-arguments-a-study-of-the-2014-swiss-controversy-over-systematic-mammography-screening
#17
Caroline Perrenoud, Friedrich Stiefel, Céline Bourquin
OBJECTIVE: The Swiss Medical Board (SMB) has recently revived the controversy over mammography screening by recommending to stop the introduction of new systematic mammography screening programs. This study aimed to examine the Swiss media coverage of the release of the SMB report. METHODS: The dataset consisted of 25 newspaper and "medical magazine" articles, and TV/radio interviews. The analytic approach was based on argumentation theory. RESULTS: Authority and community arguments were the most frequent types of arguments...
December 29, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304080/local-vs-systemic-administration-of-bisphosphonates-in-rat-cleft-bone-graft-a-comparative-study
#18
Christine Hong, Alison Quach, Lawrence Lin, Jeffrey Olson, Taewoo Kwon, Olga Bezouglaia, Jaime Tran, Michael Hoang, Kimberly Bui, Reuben H Kim, Sotirios Tetradis
A majority of patients with orofacial cleft deformity requires cleft repair through a bone graft. However, elevated amount of bone resorption and subsequent bone graft failure remains a significant clinical challenge. Bisphosphonates (BPs), a class of anti-resorptive drugs, may offer great promise in enhancing the clinical success of bone grafting. In this study, we compared the effects of systemic and local delivery of BPs in an intraoral bone graft model in rats. We randomly divided 34 female 20-week-old Fischer F344 Inbred rats into four groups to repair an intraoral critical-sized defect (CSD): (1) Control: CSD without graft (n = 4); (2) Graft/Saline: bone graft with systemic administration of saline 1 week post-operatively (n = 10); (3) Graft/Systemic: bone graft with systemic administration of zoledronic acid 1 week post-operatively (n = 10); and (4) Graft/Local: bone graft pre-treated with zoledronic acid (n = 10)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303416/application-of-plasma-sprayed-zirconia-coating-in-dental-implant-study-in-implant
#19
Zhengfei Huang, Zhifeng Wang, Chuanhua Li, Kaifeng Yin, Dan Hao, Jing Lan
The aim was to investigate the osseointegration of a novel coating-plasma-sprayed nanostructured zirconia (NSZ) in dental implant. Nanostructured zirconia coating on non-thread titanium implant was prepared by plasma spraying, the implant surface morphology, surface roughness and wettability were measured. In vivo, nanostructured zirconia-coated implants were inserted in rabbit tibia and animals were respectively sacrificed at 2, 4, 8 and 12 weeks after implantation. The bond strength between implant and bone was measured by removal torque (RTQ) test...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303302/observation-of-the-identical-rigidity-dependence-of-he-c-and-o-cosmic-rays-at-high-rigidities-by-the-alpha-magnetic-spectrometer-on-the-international-space-station
#20
M Aguilar, L Ali Cavasonza, B Alpat, G Ambrosi, L Arruda, N Attig, S Aupetit, P Azzarello, A Bachlechner, F Barao, A Barrau, L Barrin, A Bartoloni, L Basara, S Başeğmez-du Pree, M Battarbee, R Battiston, U Becker, M Behlmann, B Beischer, J Berdugo, B Bertucci, K F Bindel, V Bindi, W de Boer, K Bollweg, V Bonnivard, B Borgia, M J Boschini, M Bourquin, E F Bueno, J Burger, W J Burger, F Cadoux, X D Cai, M Capell, S Caroff, J Casaus, G Castellini, F Cervelli, M J Chae, Y H Chang, A I Chen, G M Chen, H S Chen, L Cheng, H Y Chou, E Choumilov, V Choutko, C H Chung, C Clark, R Clavero, G Coignet, C Consolandi, A Contin, C Corti, W Creus, M Crispoltoni, Z Cui, K Dadzie, Y M Dai, A Datta, C Delgado, S Della Torre, O Demakov, M B Demirköz, L Derome, S Di Falco, F Dimiccoli, C Díaz, P von Doetinchem, F Dong, F Donnini, M Duranti, D D'Urso, A Egorov, A Eline, T Eronen, J Feng, E Fiandrini, P Fisher, V Formato, Y Galaktionov, G Gallucci, R J García-López, C Gargiulo, H Gast, I Gebauer, M Gervasi, A Ghelfi, F Giovacchini, D M Gómez-Coral, J Gong, C Goy, V Grabski, D Grandi, M Graziani, K H Guo, S Haino, K C Han, Z H He, M Heil, J Hoffman, T H Hsieh, H Huang, Z C Huang, C Huh, M Incagli, M Ionica, W Y Jang, Yi Jia, H Jinchi, S C Kang, K Kanishev, B Khiali, G N Kim, K S Kim, Th Kirn, C Konak, O Kounina, A Kounine, V Koutsenko, A Kulemzin, G La Vacca, E Laudi, G Laurenti, I Lazzizzera, A Lebedev, H T Lee, S C Lee, C Leluc, H S Li, J Q Li, Q Li, T X Li, Y Li, Z H Li, Z Y Li, S Lim, C H Lin, P Lipari, T Lippert, D Liu, Hu Liu, V D Lordello, S Q Lu, Y S Lu, K Luebelsmeyer, F Luo, J Z Luo, S S Lyu, F Machate, C Mañá, J Marín, T Martin, G Martínez, N Masi, D Maurin, A Menchaca-Rocha, Q Meng, V M Mikuni, D C Mo, P Mott, T Nelson, J Q Ni, N Nikonov, F Nozzoli, A Oliva, M Orcinha, F Palmonari, C Palomares, M Paniccia, M Pauluzzi, S Pensotti, C Perrina, H D Phan, N Picot-Clemente, F Pilo, C Pizzolotto, V Plyaskin, M Pohl, V Poireau, L Quadrani, X M Qi, X Qin, Z Y Qu, T Räihä, P G Rancoita, D Rapin, J S Ricol, S Rosier-Lees, A Rozhkov, D Rozza, R Sagdeev, S Schael, S M Schmidt, A Schulz von Dratzig, G Schwering, E S Seo, B S Shan, J Y Shi, T Siedenburg, D Son, J W Song, M Tacconi, X W Tang, Z C Tang, D Tescaro, Samuel C C Ting, S M Ting, N Tomassetti, J Torsti, C Türkoğlu, T Urban, V Vagelli, E Valente, E Valtonen, M Vázquez Acosta, M Vecchi, M Velasco, J P Vialle, V Vitale, S Vitillo, L Q Wang, N H Wang, Q L Wang, X Wang, X Q Wang, Z X Wang, C C Wei, Z L Weng, K Whitman, H Wu, X Wu, R Q Xiong, W Xu, Q Yan, J Yang, M Yang, Y Yang, H Yi, Y J Yu, Z Q Yu, M Zannoni, S Zeissler, C Zhang, F Zhang, J Zhang, J H Zhang, S W Zhang, Z Zhang, Z M Zheng, H L Zhuang, V Zhukov, A Zichichi, N Zimmermann, P Zuccon
We report the observation of new properties of primary cosmic rays He, C, and O measured in the rigidity (momentum/charge) range 2 GV to 3 TV with 90×10^{6} helium, 8.4×10^{6} carbon, and 7.0×10^{6} oxygen nuclei collected by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) during the first five years of operation. Above 60 GV, these three spectra have identical rigidity dependence. They all deviate from a single power law above 200 GV and harden in an identical way.
December 22, 2017: Physical Review Letters
keyword
keyword
108708
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"