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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214000/comparison-of-results-of-tricuspid-valve-repair-versus-replacement-for-severe-functional-tricuspid-regurgitation
#1
Jeong Yoon Jang, Ran Heo, Sahmin Lee, Joon Bum Kim, Dae-Hee Kim, Sung-Cheol Yun, Jong-Min Song, Jae-Kwan Song, Jae-Won Lee, Duk-Hyun Kang
The optimal decision regarding whether to repair or replace the tricuspid valve (TV) remains controversial in patients with very severe functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR). We sought to compare clinical outcomes of TV repair versus replacement for very severe TR associated with severe TV tethering. We included 96 consecutive patients (20 men, 58 ± 11 years of age) who had both severe tethering of TV and very severe functional TR and consequently underwent TV surgery during left-sided valve surgery. TV repair was performed on 79 patients (repair group), whereas 17 patients underwent TV replacement (replacement group)...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213008/the-prognostic-impact-of-tumor-volume-on-stage-i-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#2
Xiao-Dong Su, Hao-Jun Xie, Qian-Wen Liu, Yun-Xian Mo, Hao Long, Tie-Hua Rong
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic impact of tumor volume (TV) on patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after complete resection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinicopathological characteristics of 274 patients with stage I NSCLC who had received preoperative chest computed tomography (CT) scans and complete resection. TV was semi-automatically measured from chest CT scans by using an imaging software program...
February 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212456/influence-of-posterior-mandibular-dimensions-on-alveolar-bone-microarchitecture
#3
Alberto Monje, Yiqun Wu, Wei Huang, Wenjie Zhou, Pablo Galindo-Moreno, Jesus Montanero-Fernandez, Rachel A Sheridan, Hom-Lay Wang, Feng Wang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of posterior mandibular dimensions (height and width at various levels) on alveolar bone microarchitecture using microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Partially edentulous subjects with one missing molar were included in the study. A bone core biopsy was performed at the site of planned implant surgery. For each patient, alveolar morphologic and architectural characteristics were analyzed using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and micro-CT imaging...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#4
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211230/associations-between-children-s-diet-quality-and-watching-television-during-meal-or-snack-consumption-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Amanda Avery, Catherine Anderson, Fiona McCullough
Studies have identified an association between watching television (TV) and childhood obesity. This review adds context to existing research by examining the associations between TV viewing, whilst eating, and children's diet quality. Web of Science and PubMed databases were searched from January 2000 to June 2014. Cross-sectional trials of case control or cohort studies, which included baseline data, measuring the associations between eating whilst watching TV and children's food and drink intake. Quality of selected papers was assessed...
February 17, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#6
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210940/syndromic-diagnosis-in-evaluation-of-women-with-symptoms-of-vaginitis
#7
REVIEW
Theophilus Ogochukwu Nwankwo, Uzochukwu Uzoma Aniebue, Uchenna Anthony Umeh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to determine the effectiveness of the use of syndrome diagnosis in the evaluation of vaginitis and to make suggestions based on the review findings. RECENT FINDINGS: Vaginal discharge as the main symptom of vaginitis is unspecific. A randomized study of symptom-based diagnosis and treatment of vaginitis in the USA favored symptoms used for treatment; however, this was only a pilot study. Hence, a population-based study is necessary to validate these findings...
January 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208622/robust-video-stabilization-using-particle-keypoint-update-and-l%C3%A2-optimized-camera-path
#8
Semi Jeon, Inhye Yoon, Jinbeum Jang, Seungji Yang, Jisung Kim, Joonki Paik
Acquisition of stabilized video is an important issue for various type of digital cameras. This paper presents an adaptive camera path estimation method using robust feature detection to remove shaky artifacts in a video. The proposed algorithm consists of three steps: (i) robust feature detection using particle keypoints between adjacent frames; (ii) camera path estimation and smoothing; and (iii) rendering to reconstruct a stabilized video. As a result, the proposed algorithm can estimate the optimal homography by redefining important feature points in the flat region using particle keypoints...
February 10, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204954/biopsy-vs-peripheral-computed-tomography-to-assess-bone-disease-in-ckd-patients-on-dialysis-differences-and-similarities
#9
I D B Marques, M J C L N Araújo, F G Graciolli, L M Dos Reis, R M Pereira, M R Custódio, V Jorgetti, R M Elias, E David-Neto, R M A Moysés
: Results from bone biopsy and high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) were compared in 31 CKD patients. There was an agreement mainly for cortical compartment that may represent a perspective on the fracture risk assessment. HR-pQCT also provided some clues on the turnover status, which warrants further studies. INTRODUCTION: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are at high risk of bone disease. Although bone biopsy is considered the best method to evaluate bone disease, it is expensive and not always available...
February 16, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197645/subclinical-decrease-in-myocardial-function-in-asymptomatic-infants-of-diabetic-mothers-a-tissue-doppler-study
#10
Jenny E Zablah, Dorota Gruber, Guillaume Stoffels, Estefania G Cabezas, Denise A Hayes
Infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are recognized to have impaired myocardial performance, but less is known about ventricular function in IDMs without hypertrophy. We hypothesized that in asymptomatic newborns with normal two-dimensional echocardiographic evaluations, pulsed wave tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) would suggest a subclinical decrease in the cardiac function of IDMs compared to infants of non-diabetics (nIDMs). This is a retrospective cohort study of asymptomatic neonates ≥36 weeks gestation, at 0-7 days of life, with normal standard echocardiograms...
February 14, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196231/the-one-with-friends-a-tv-show-within-a-play
#11
Lloyd I Sederer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194537/strain-induced-inflammation-in-pulmonary-alveolar-tissue-due-to-mechanical-ventilation
#12
Parya Aghasafari, Israr Bin M Ibrahim, Ramana Pidaparti
Inflammation is the body's attempt at self-protection to remove harmful stimuli, including damaged cells, irritants, or pathogens and begin the healing process. In this study, strain-induced inflammation in pulmonary alveolar tissue under high tidal volume is investigated through a combination of an inflammation model and fluid structure interaction (FSI) analysis. A realistic three-dimensional organ model for alveolar sacs is built, and FSI is employed to evaluate strain distribution in alveolar tissue for different tidal volume (TV) values under the mechanical ventilation (MV) condition...
February 13, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194203/behavioral-activation-and-inhibition-system-s-role-in-predicting-addictive-behaviors-of-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-of-roozbeh-psychiatric-hospital
#13
Moslem Abbasi, Hasan Sadeghi, Zabih Pirani, Leyla Vatandoust
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, prevalence of addictive behaviors among bipolar patients is considered to be a serious health threat by the World Health Organization. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of behavioral activation and inhibition systems in predicting addictive behaviors of male patients with bipolar disorder at the Roozbeh Psychiatric Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research method used in this study is correlation. The study population consisted of 80 male patients with bipolar disorder referring to the psychiatrics clinics of Tehran city in 2014 who were referred to the Roozbeh Psychiatric Hospital...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192615/the-impact-of-tv-mass-media-campaigns-on-calls-to-a-national-quitline-and-the-use-of-prescribed-nicotine-replacement-therapy-a-structural-vector-autoregression-analysis
#14
Houra Haghpanahan, Daniel F Mackay, Jill P Pell, David Bell, Tessa Langley, Sally Haw
AIMS: To estimate 1) the immediate impact; 2) the cumulative impact; and 3) the duration of impact of Scottish tobacco control TV mass media campaigns (MMCs) on smoking cessation activity, as measured by calls to Smokeline and the volume of prescribed nicotine replacement therapy (NRT). DESIGN: Multivariate time series analysis using secondary data on population level measures of exposure to TV MMCs broadcast and smoking cessation activity between 2003 and 2012...
February 13, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192155/modality-of-tumor-endothelial-vegfr2-silencing-mediated-improvement-in-intratumoral-distribution-of-lipid-nanoparticles
#15
Shoshiro Yamamoto, Akari Kato, Yu Sakurai, Tomoya Hada, Hideyoshi Harashima
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated enhancement in vascular permeability is considered to be a major factor in tumor-targeting delivery via the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect. We previously reported that the silencing of the endothelial VEGF receptor (VEGFR2) by a liposomal siRNA system (RGD-MEND) resulted in an enhanced intratumoral distribution of polyethylene glycol (PEG)-modified liposomes (LPs) in a renal cell carcinoma, a type of hypervascularized cancer, although the inhibition of VEGF signaling would be expected to decrease the permeability of the tumor vasculature...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191875/clinical-outcomes-with-the-stentys-self-apposing-coronary-stent-in-patients-presenting-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-2-year-insights-from-the-appostion-iii-a-post-market-registry-to-assess-the-stentys-self-expanding-coronary-stent-in-acute
#16
Huangling Lu, Maik J Grundeken, Nicola S Vos, Alexander J J Ijsselmuiden, Robert-Jan van Geuns, Rainer Wessely, Thomas Dengler, Alessio La Manna, Johanne Silvain, Gilles Montalescot, René Spaargaren, Jan G P Tijssen, Giovanni Amoroso, Robbert J de Winter, Karel T Koch
AIMS: The APPOSITION III registry evaluated the feasibility and performance of the STENTYS self- apposing stent in a ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) population. This novel self- apposing stent device lowers stent strut malapposition rates and therefore bears the potential to prevent stent undersizing during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in STEMI patients. Up to date, no long-term data is available using this device in the setting of STEMI. We aimed to evaluate long-term clinical outcomes of the APPOSITION III registry...
February 14, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190825/excessive-game-playing-is-associated-with-poor-toothbrushing-behavior-among-athletic-children-a-cross-sectional-study-in-miyagi-japan
#17
Masahiro Tsuchiya, Haruki Momma, Takuya Sekiguchi, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Makoto Watanabe, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Ryoichi Nagatomi
Dental problems among athletes have been cautioned due to negative impacts not only on their oral health but also on athletic performance. Acquirement of appropriate oral health behavior mainly composed of toothbrushing in childhood can be one of the most important strategies for advancing children's athletic possibilities. Although habits of screen viewing, including game playing, and TV viewing have direct impacts on children's health and behavioral development, little is known about the association between these habits and toothbrushing frequency...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187731/strontium-ranelate-causes-osteophytes-overgrowth-in-a-model-of-early-phase-osteoarthritis
#18
Jian-Guo Chu, Mu-Wei Dai, Yu Wang, Fa-Ming Tian, Hui-Ping Song, Ya-Ping Xiao, Li-Tao Shao, Ying-Ze Zhang, Liu Zhang
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) involves cartilage changes as well as modifications of subchondral bone and synovial tissues. Strontium ranelate (SR), an anti-osteoporosis compound, which is currently in phase III clinical trial for treatment of OA. Evidences suggest that SR preferably deposited in osteophyte, other than in subchondral bone in early phase of OA. This phenomenon raises concern about its utility for OA treatment as a disease-modifying drug. To evaluate the effect of SR on cartilage, subchondral bone mass and subchondral trabecular bone structure in medial meniscectomized (MNX) guinea pigs...
February 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187195/a-multilevel-analysis-of-health-related-physical-fitness-the-portuguese-sibling-study-on-growth-fitness-lifestyle-and-health
#19
Sara Pereira, Peter Todd Katzmarzyk, Thayse Natacha Gomes, Michele Souza, Raquel Nichele Chaves, Fernanda Karina Dos Santos, Daniel Santos, Donald Hedeker, José Maia
This study investigates biological, behavioural and sociodemographic correlates of intra-pair similarities, and estimates sibling resemblance in health-related physical fitness (PF). The sample comprises 1101 biological siblings (525 females) aged 9-20 years. PF components and markers were: morphological [waist circumference (WC) and %body fat (%BF)], muscular [handgrip strength (GS) and standing long jump (SLJ)], motor [50-yard dash (50YD) and shuttle run (SR)], and cardiorespiratory (1-mile run). Biological maturation was assessed; physical activity (PA), TV viewing and socioeconomic status (SES) information was obtained...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186888/gamut-extension-for-cinema
#20
Syed Waqas Zamir, Javier Vazquez-Corral, Marcelo Bertalmio
Emerging display technologies are able to produce images with a much wider color gamut than those of conventional distribution gamuts for cinema and TV, creating an opportunity for the development of gamut extension algorithms (GEAs) that exploit the full color potential of these new systems. In this paper we present a novel GEA, implemented as a PDE-based optimization procedure related to visual perception models, that performs gamut extension by taking into account the analysis of distortions in hue, chroma and saturation...
February 7, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
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