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David Maidment, William Brassington, Heather Wharrad, Melanie Ferguson
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to assess whether Internet competency predicted practical hearing aid knowledge and handling skills in first-time hearing aid users. Method: The design was a prospective, randomized controlled trial of a multimedia educational intervention consisting of interactive video tutorials (or reusable learning objects [RLOs]). RLOs were delivered through DVD for TV or PC, and online. Internet competency was measured at the hearing aid fitting appointment, whereas hearing aid knowledge and practical handling skills were assessed 6 weeks postfitting...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Daniel T Goon, Constance A Nsibambi, Milton Chebet
BACKGROUND: Scant information exist on screen time behavior of South Africa children and whether they do not meet the recommendation of American Association of Pediatrics (AAP) concerning screen time activity for children is only speculative. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the time spent in sedentary activities, especially screen time of South African children with regard to gender. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved a random sample of 1136 school children (548 boys; 588 girls) aged 9-13 years attending public schools in Central Pretoria, South Africa...
December 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Nadia Mohd Effendy, Mohd Fadhli Khamis, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid
BACKGOUND: Labisia pumila (LP) is a popular herb used by women over the past few decades. This herb has shown potentials as an alternative agent for treatment and prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis. It was observed in previous studies that supplementation to ovariectomized rats were associated with increased bone antioxidative enzymes and reduced lipid peroxidation activity. It had also improved bone formation markers in ovariectomized rats. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of giving different forms of LP extracts on the trabecular bone microarchitecture of ovariectomised rats...
October 21, 2016: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
Wendy Yajun Huang, Stephen Heung-Sang Wong, Gang He, J O Salmon
PURPOSE: This study examined the prospective associations of reallocating time spent in different types of sedentary behavior, physical activity, and sleep with body mass index (BMI) in children using isotemporal substitution analysis. METHODS: Chinese children in grades 1-3 were recruited to a cohort study in 2009 and were followed up over a 2-yr period. Reports were gathered from the parents on children's sedentary behavior, sleep duration, and sociodemographic variables...
November 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Delfien Van Dyck, Lieze Mertens, Greet Cardon, Katrien De Cocker, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij
This study aimed to obtain qualitative information about physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviors (SB) and their determinants and about recently retired adults' needs regarding PA interventions. Four focus group interviews were organized. The most commonly reported PA types were walking, cycling, swimming and fitness. The most commonly reported SB were reading, TV viewing, and computer use. Car use was limited. Most adults agreed their habits had changed during retirement. The most striking PA determinant was the feeling of being a 'forgotten group', having too few tailored PA initiatives available...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
Susann Weihrauch-Blüher, Stefanie Koormann, Jana Brauchmann, Susanna Wiegand
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity is - amongst other factors - due to changed leisure time habits with decreased physical activity and increased media consumption. However, electronic media such as tablets and smartphones might also provide a novel intervention approach to prevent obesity in childhood and adolescence. OBJECTIVES: A summary of interventions applying electronic media to prevent childhood obesity is provided to investigate short term effects as well as long term results of these interventions...
October 18, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Taewoong Oh, Sakura Tanaka, Tatsuki Naka, Shoji Igawa
PURPOSE: This study was performed to assess the effects of high-intensity intermittent swimming training(HIT) on bone in ovariectomized rats. METHODS: Six-week-old female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to either sham operation or bilateral ovariectomy. After surgery, they were divided into the following four groups: 1) sham-operated sedentary (S), 2) sham-operated exercise training (SE), 3) OVX sedentary (O), 4) OVX exercise training (OE) 5) OVX given 17β-estradiol (OE2) and 6) OVX exercise training and given 17β-estradiol (OEE)...
September 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
Amanda C Trofholz, Allan D Tate, Michael H Miner, Jerica M Berge
BACKGROUND: Research on family meals has demonstrated that family meals are protective for many aspects of child and adolescent health. It is unclear whether distractions at family meals, such as watching TV, are associated with child weight and weight-related behaviors, the emotional atmosphere at the meal, or family meal healthfulness. METHODS: Direct observational and objective data were collected on primarily low-income and minority families (n = 120) with 6-12 year old children...
October 15, 2016: Appetite
Melanie L Chang, April Nowell
For the past few years, people everywhere have been "going Paleo." Websites and social media touting the benefits of eating a "Paleo diet" and following a "Paleolithic life style" serve as calls to arms for health-conscious individuals seeking information about the latest health and fitness trends. Many of these people participate in programs such as Crossfit, which involve major social and life-style modification components and therefore facilitate the dissemination of dietary fads.(1) The PALEOf(x)(TM) conference, which bills itself as "the world's premier holistic wellness event," has attracted sellout crowds of thousands of attendees for the last four years...
September 2016: Evolutionary Anthropology
Jagdish C Mohan, Madhu Shukla, Vishwas Mohan, Arvind Sethi
Congenitally unguarded tricuspid valve (TV) orifice, a variant of TV dysplasia, is a rare malformation with protean manifestations. This report describes a symptomatic adult male with gross right heart failure and atrial fibrillation, who was found to have an unguarded TV orifice with isolation of the trabecular apical cavity of the right ventricle (RV) and muscular ridges separating outflow tract (forme-fruste of the double-chambered RV). The right ventricular outflow tract remained patent.
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Sabine Salloch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
Nicolas Reina, Etienne Cavaignac, Régis Pailhé, Aymeric Pailliser, Nicolas Bonnevialle, Pascal Swider, Jean-Michel Laffosse
Overweight is a risk factor for osteoarthritis on the knees. Subchondral trabecular bone (SCTB) densification has been shown to be associated with cartilage degeneration. This study analyzed the microarchitectural changes in the SCTB of tibial plateaus to validate the hypothesis that the degree of remodeling is correlated with a patient's body weight. Twenty-one tibial plateaus were collected during total knee arthroplasty from 21 patients (15 women and 6 men). These patients had a mean age of 70.4 years (49-81), mean weight of 74...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
Geetha C Rajappa, Leena Harshad Parate, C A Tejesh, P T Prathima
BACKGROUND: Mask ventilation (MV) is an essential basic life support skill. We used chin lift maneuver for MV and named as modified chin lift technique (MCL). EC technique is most common technique used for MV. AIMS: The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of both techniques for MV in term of expired tidal volume (TV). Secondarily, we also assessed the effect of experience on the performance of these both techniques. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study area was operation theater of our hospital...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Imranul Alam, Amie K McQueen, Dena Acton, Austin M Reilly, Rita L Gerard-O'Riley, Dana K Oakes, Charishma Kasipathi, Abigail Huffer, Weston B Wright, Michael J Econs
Autosomal dominant osteopetrosis type II (ADO2) is a heritable osteosclerotic bone disorder due to dysfunctional osteoclast activity. ADO2 is caused by missense mutations in the chloride channel 7 (CLCN7) gene characterized by osteosclerosis with multiple fractures. ADO2 can result in osteomyelitis, visual loss and bone marrow failure. Currently, there is no cure for ADO2, and until recently no appropriate animal model of ADO2 existed to understand better the pathogenesis of this disease and to test new therapies...
October 14, 2016: Bone
Meghan R Longacre, Keith M Drake, Linda J Titus, Jennifer Harris, Lauren P Cleveland, Gail Langeloh, Kristy Hendricks, Madeline A Dalton
Breakfast cereals represent the most highly advertised packaged food on child-targeted television, and most ads are for cereals high in sugar. This study examined whether children's TV exposure to child-targeted, high-sugar breakfast cereal (SBC) ads was associated with their consumption of those SBC brands. Parents of 3- to 5-year-old children were recruited from pediatric and Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) clinics in Southern New Hampshire, USA, and completed a cross-sectional survey between April-December 2013...
October 13, 2016: Appetite
Amy Yuan, Jie Wei, Carl P Gaebler, Hailiang Huang, Devin Olek, Guang Li
PURPOSE: To develop a physical, adaptive motion perturbation model to predict tumor motion using feedback from dynamic measurement of breathing conditions to compensate for breathing irregularities. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A novel respiratory motion perturbation (RMP) model was developed to predict tumor motion variations caused by breathing irregularities. This model contained 2 terms: the initial tumor motion trajectory, measured from 4-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) images, and motion perturbation, calculated from breathing variations in tidal volume (TV) and breathing pattern (BP)...
September 3, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Stephanie Schoeppe, Corneel Vandelanotte, Elling Bere, Nanna Lien, Maïté Verloigne, Éva Kovács, Yannis Manios, Mona Bjelland, Frøydis Nordgård Vik, Wendy Van Lippevelde
BACKGROUND: Parents play an important role in modelling healthy behaviours to their children. This study investigated associations between parent and child physical activity and screen time behaviours across specific domains, including moderating effects by parent and child gender. METHOD: The sample comprised 3300 school children and 2933 parents participating in the UP4FUN project (mean ages: child 11.2 ± 0.8 years, mother 40.0 ± 4.9 years, father 43.4 ± 5...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
Yan Li, Ruiping Wang, Zhen Cui, Shiguang Shan, Xilin Chen
We address the problem of face video retrieval in TV-series which searches video clips based on the presence of specific character, given one face track of his/her. This is tremendously challenging because on one hand, faces in TV-series are captured in largely uncontrolled conditions with complex appearance variations, and on the other hand retrieval task typically needs efficient representation with low time and space complexity. To handle this problem, we propose a compact and discriminative representation for the huge body of video data, named Compact Video Code (CVC)...
October 10, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Hasan Awad Aljohi, Wanfei Liu, Qiang Lin, Yuhui Zhao, Jingyao Zeng, Ali Alamer, Ibrahim O Alanazi, Abdullah O Alawad, Abdullah M Al-Sadi, Songnian Hu, Jun Yu
Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.), a member of the palm family (Arecaceae), is one of the most economically important crops in tropics, serving as an important source of food, drink, fuel, medicine, and construction material. Here we report an assembly of the coconut (C. nucifera, Oman local Tall cultivar) mitochondrial (mt) genome based on next-generation sequencing data. This genome, 678,653bp in length and 45.5% in GC content, encodes 72 proteins, 9 pseudogenes, 23 tRNAs, and 3 ribosomal RNAs. Within the assembly, we find that the chloroplast (cp) derived regions account for 5...
2016: PloS One
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