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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149668/parental-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-epilepsy-a-study-from-jordan
#1
Amira Masri, Samah Aburahma, Aisha Khasawneh, Abdelkarim Al Qudah, Omar Nafi, Miral Al Momani, Faisal Khatib
PURPOSE: To explore the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of parents whose children were diagnosed with epilepsy. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaire based study of parents who accompanied their children with epilepsy to the child neurology clinics at three university hospitals in Jordan. RESULTS: Most parents (427, 90.3%) knew that epilepsy is not related to a psychiatric disease. Approximately half of the parents (245, 51.8%) used the internet as their source of knowledge, and most used Arabic websites...
November 8, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147676/characteristics-of-very-young-hispanic-children-referred-for-obesity-management
#2
Liliana Aguayo, Alicia Olave-Pichon, Adolfo J Ariza, Helen J Binns
Information on risks associated with obesity during infancy specific to Hispanic children is scarce. This retrospective medical record review describes characteristics and parenting practices of Hispanic children age <2 years referred for obesity care at a tertiary hospital over a 6-year period. Data on 29 Hispanic children collected from parent-completed assessment forms and clinician documentation were analyzed. Children were of mean age 16.2 ± 4.9 months; body mass index z scores ranged from 1.5 to 9...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145821/exposure-to-a-community-wide-campaign-is-associated-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-among-hispanic-adults-on-the-texas-mexico-border
#3
Natalia I Heredia, MinJae Lee, Belinda M Reininger
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence for the use of community-wide campaigns to promote physical activity, few evaluations of community-wide campaigns in Hispanic communities exist. This study assessed the associations of exposure to a community-wide campaign with physical activity and sedentary behavior among Hispanic adults living on the Texas-Mexico border. METHODS: The intervention, Tu Salud ¡Si Cuenta! (Your Health Matters!; TSSC), included a newsletter, community health worker discussion, TV and radio segments, which were conducted from 2005 to 2010...
November 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145249/prospective-associations-between-measures-of-gross-and-fine-motor-coordination-in-infants-and-objectively-measured-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-childhood
#4
Guillermo F López Sánchez, Genevieve Williams, Daniel Aggio, Domenico Vicinanza, Brendon Stubbs, Catherine Kerr, James Johnstone, Justine Roberts, Lee Smith
One important determinant of childhood physical activity and sedentary behavior may be that of motor development in infancy. The present analyses aimed to investigate whether gross and fine motor delays in infants were associated with objective and self-reported activity in childhood. Data were from the UK Millennium Cohort Study, a prospective cohort study, involving UK children born on or around the millennium (September 2000 and January 2002). When children were 9 months old, parents reported children's fine and gross motor-coordination, and at 7 years, sports club attendance and daily TV viewing time...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143377/long-term-outcomes-following-transatrial-versus-transventricular-repair-on-right-ventricular-function-in-tetralogy-of-fallot
#5
Massimo A Padalino, Giacomo Cavalli, Sonia B Albanese, Carlo Pace Napoleone, Alvise Guariento, Maria Teresa Cascarano, Martina Perazzolo Marra, Vladimiro Vida, Giovanna Boccuzzo, Giovanni Stellin
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: Outcomes after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) are good with either a transventricular (TV) or transatrial (TA) approach. We sought to determine if there is a relationship between the TV or TA approach and right ventricular (RV) function, and the role of residual pulmonary regurgitation (PR) on the long-term outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort multicentric study on survivors after surgical repair of TOF (TA versus TV approach, ±transannular patch) between 1990 and 2004...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138615/factors-associated-with-late-anc-initiation-among-pregnant-women-in-select-public-health-centers-of-addis-ababa-ethiopia-unmatched-case-control-study-design
#6
Kahasse Gebrekidan, Alemayehu Worku
Background: Although Ethiopia has shown remarkable achievements in reducing maternal mortality in the last 10 years, the prevalence of late antenatal care (ANC) initiation is still high in the country. Objective: The primary purpose of this study was to identify the factors related to late ANC initiation among pregnant women in selected public health centers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Subjects and methods: A total of 402 pregnant women (cases=134, controls=268) were recruited using multistage sampling...
2017: Pragmatic and Observational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136757/muscone-exerts-protective-roles-on-alcohol-induced-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#7
Yan-Jie Guo, Shi-Hua Luo, Ming-Jie Tang, Zu-Bin Zhou, Jun-Hui Yin, You-Shui Gao, Xiao-Qian Dang
Long-term alcohol abuse causes musculoskeletal disorders, among of which, alcohol-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is of concern due to its significant and severe complications. A variety of methods have been attempted to prevent alcohol-induced ONFH, and monomers extracted from Chinese herbs might benefit the disease profoundly. In the current study, muscone, the main ingredient of musk, was used to prevent alcohol-induced ONFH. In vitro, ethanol was used to affect the potential of osteogenesis and proliferation of human bone mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs), and beneficial role of muscone was investigated on hBMSCs...
November 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134571/optimizing-residents-performance-of-lumbar-puncture-an-rct-comparing-the-effect-of-preparatory-interventions-on-performance-and-self-confidence
#8
Mikael Johannes Vuokko Henriksen, Troels Wienecke, Helle Thagesen, Rikke Borre Vita Jacobsen, Yousif Subhi, Ryan Brydges, Charlotte Ringsted, Lars Konge
BACKGROUND: Lumbar puncture is often associated with uncertainty and limited experience on the part of residents; therefore, preparatory interventions can be essential. There is growing interest in the potential benefit of videos over written text. However, little attention has been given to whether the design of the videos impacts on subsequent performance. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of different preparatory interventions on learner performance and self-confidence regarding lumbar puncture (LP)...
November 13, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133819/low-perceptual-sensitivity-to-altered-video-speed-in-viewing-a-soccer-match
#9
Claudio de'Sperati, Gabriel Baud Bovy
When watching videos, our sense of reality is continuously challenged. How much can a fundamental dimension of experience such as visual flow be modified before breaking the perception of real time? Here we found a remarkable indifference to speed manipulations applied to a popular video content, a soccer match. In a condition that mimicked real-life TV watching, none of 100 naïve observers spontaneously noticed speed alterations up/down to 12%, even when asked to report motion anomalies, and showed very low sensitivity to video speed changes (Just Noticeable Difference, JND = 18%)...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126441/tgf%C3%AE-3-recruits-endogenous-mesenchymal-stem-cells-to-initiate-bone-regeneration
#10
Moyuan Deng, Tieniu Mei, Tianyong Hou, Keyu Luo, Fei Luo, Aijun Yang, Bo Yu, Hao Pang, Shiwu Dong, Jianzhong Xu
BACKGROUND: The recruitment of a sufficient number of endogenous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is the first stage of in-situ tissue regeneration. Transforming growth factor beta-3 (TGFβ3) could recruit stem or progenitor cells and endothelial cells to participate in tissue regeneration. However, the mechanism of TGFβ3 recruiting MSCs toward bone regeneration has remained obscure. METHODS: We estimated the promigratory property of TGFβ3 on human bone marrow MSCs (hBMSCs) cocultured with the vascular cells (human umbilical artery smooth muscle cells or human umbilical vein endothelial cells) or not by Transwell assay...
November 10, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121215/trabecular-bone-morphology-correlates-with-skeletal-maturity-and-body-composition-in-healthy-adolescent-girls
#11
Deborah M Mitchell, Signe Caksa, Amy Yuan, Mary L Bouxsein, Madhusmita Misra, Sherri-Ann M Burnett-Bowie
Context: Growth in healthy children is associated with changes in bone density and microarchitecture. Trabecular morphology is an additional important determinant of bone strength, but little is currently known about trabecular morphology in healthy young people. Objective: To investigate associations of trabecular morphology with increasing maturity and with body composition in healthy girls. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Academic research center...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118537/choosing-an-ideal-vascular-cover-for-snodgrass-repair
#12
Mamatha Basavaraju, Dhiraj K Balaji
Aim: The aim of this study is to compare tunica vaginalis (TV), dorsal dartos, and ventral dartos flap as a second layer vascular cover during Snodgrass repair. Materials and Methods: Data of 83 patients who underwent primary hypospadias repair with Snodgrass technique (age range: 1.6-12 years) were retrospectively collected and compared. They were divided into three groups. Group A (26 patients) included cases using TV flap, Group B (36 patients) included those where dorsal dartos from prepuce was used as second cover, and Group C (21 patients) included those with ventral dartos as cover...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116100/the-value-of-cbct-based-tumor-density-and-volume-variations-in-prediction-of-early-response-to-chemoradiation-therapy-in-advanced-nsclc
#13
Qiang Wen, Jian Zhu, Xue Meng, Changsheng Ma, Tong Bai, Xindong Sun, Jinming Yu
The correlations between early responses and the variations in physical density and primary tumor volume (TV) according to cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) during chemoradiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients were investigated. 54 patients with inoperable and locally advanced NSCLC were included in this study. The CT numbers (CTN) and TV were measured on each of the seven observation points. The changes in the mean CTN values and the variation ratios of TV during the treatment course were analysed and correlated with the clinical outcomes, as evaluated by the RECIST criteria...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113089/predicting-physical-activity-and-healthy-nutrition-behaviors-using-social-cognitive-theory-cross-sectional-survey-among-undergraduate-students-in-chongqing-china
#14
Xianglong Xu, Yang Pu, Manoj Sharma, Yunshuang Rao, Yilin Cai, Yong Zhao
(1) Background: Generally suggested public health measures to reduce obesity were to limit television (TV) viewing, enhance daily physical activities, enable the consumption of fruit and vegetables, and reduce sugar-sweetened beverage intake. This study analyzed the extent to which selected social cognitive theory constructs can predict these behaviors among Chinese undergraduate students. (2) Methods: This cross-sectional study included 1976 undergraduate students from six universities in Chongqing, China...
November 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110878/tumour-size-volume-and-marker-expression-during-radiation-therapy-can-predict-survival-of-cervical-cancer-patients-a-multi-institutional-retrospective-analysis-of-krog-16-01
#15
Jong Hoon Lee, Sea-Won Lee, Ju Ree Kim, Yeon Sil Kim, Mee Sun Yoon, Songmi Jeong, Jin Hee Kim, Ja Young Lee, Keun Yong Eom, Bae Kwon Jeong, Seok Ho Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this multi-institutional study was to determine the prognostic impact of tumour parameters, such as tumour size (TS), tumour volume (TV), and marker expression, on survival during radiation therapy (RT) for cervical cancer patients. METHODS: A total of 231 patients with histologically confirmed cervical cancer, classified as Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Ib2-IVa, were enrolled in this study. Pre- and mid-RT pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-ag) analysis were performed twice, during RT and just before brachytherapy...
October 27, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109889/a-case-report-on-vt-from-tv-dvt-and-pe-from-prolonged-television-watching
#16
Alan Lucerna, James Espinosa, Lindsey Ackley, Philip Carhart, Douglas Stranges, Risha Hertz
Pulmonary embolus (PE) and deep vein thrombosis are diagnoses that are commonly made in the emergency department. Well known risk factors for thromboembolic events include immobility, malignancy, pregnancy, surgery, and acquired or inherited thrombophilias, obesity, cigarette smoking, and hypertension. We present a case of a 59-year-old female who watched TV and developed leg swelling and was found to have PE and DVT.
2017: Case Reports in Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107736/absence-of-vitamin-d-receptor-in-mature-osteoclasts-results-in-altered-osteoclastic-activity-and-bone-loss
#17
Yolandi Starczak, Daniel C Reinke, Kate R Barratt, Jackson W Ryan, René St-Arnaud, Howard A Morris, Rachel A Davey, Gerald J Atkins, Paul H Anderson
Mature osteoclasts express the vitamin D receptor (VDR) and are able to synthesise and respond to 1,25(OH)2D3 via CYP27B1 enzyme activity. Whether vitamin D signalling within osteoclasts is necessary for the regulation of osteoclastic bone resorption in an in vivo setting is unclear. To determine the requirement for the VDR- and CYP27B1-mediated activity in mature osteoclasts, conditional deletion mouse models were created whereby either Vdr or Cyp27b1 gene was inactivated by breeding either Vdr(fl/fl) or Cyp27b1(fl/fl) mice with Cathepsin K-Cre transgenic mice (Cstk(Cre)) to generate Ctsk(Cre)/Vdr(-/-) and Ctsk(Cre)/Cyp27b1(-/-) mice respectively...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107124/genetic-inhibition-of-ppar%C3%AE-s112-phosphorylation-reduces-bone-formation-and-stimulates-marrow-adipogenesis
#18
Chunxi Ge, Guisheng Zhao, BinBin Li, Yan Li, William P Cawthorn, Ormond A MacDougald, Renny T Franceschi
A common feature of many skeletal diseases is the accumulation of marrow fat. A reciprocal relationship exists between osteogenesis and adipogenesis in bone marrow that is mediated by the relative activity of PPARγ and RUNX2 transcription factors. The ERK/MAPK pathway is an important inducer of MSC differentiation to osteoblasts and an inhibitor of adipogenesis that functions by phosphorylating RUNX2 and PPARγ. To begin to assess the importance of this regulation in vivo, we examined the consequences of blocking one arm of this pathway, PPARγ S112 phosphorylation, by evaluating the bone phenotype of PPARγ S112A mutant mice...
October 26, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105531/the-relationship-between-children-s-media-habits-and-their-anxiety-and-behaviour-during-dental-treatment
#19
Zahra Jamali, Masoumeh Vatandoost, Leila Erfanparast, Naser Asl Aminabadi, Sajjad Shirazi
OBJECTIVE: The existing evidence suggests that media habits may have moderating role on children's psychological adjustment in the dental setting. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between children's media habits and their anxiety and behaviour management problems (BMP) during dental treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 289 children aged 3-6 years old were included. Dental anxiety (DA) and BMP were assessed using Clinical Anxiety Rating Scale and Frankl's Rating Scale during the dental treatment...
November 5, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104901/recall-of-e-cigarette-advertisements-and-adolescent-e-cigarette-use
#20
Nicole E Nicksic, Melissa B Harrell, Adriana Pérez, Keryn E Pasch, Cheryl L Perry
Objective: We examined the impact of e-cigarette advertising on e-cigarette use behaviors among youth over time. Methods: At baseline, 3907 students participated in a youth tobacco surveillance study from 2014-2015 and 2488 students completed a 6-month follow-up. Weighted logistic regression models investigated the recall of e-cigarette advertisements (TV/radio/billboards/retail/Internet) as a risk factor for e-cigarette perceived harm, use, and susceptibility. Results: The odds of ever e-cigarette use was 3 times higher (AOR=2...
April 2017: Tobacco Regulatory Science
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