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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721744/entangled-local-biologies-genetic-risk-bodies-and-inequities-in-brazilian-cancer-genetics
#1
Sahra Gibbon
Engaging recent social science work examining the truth making claims of science and biomedicine, this paper explores how biology is being localised in Brazilian cancer genetics. It draws from ethnographic fieldwork in urban regions of southern Brazil working with and alongside patients, families and practitioners in cancer genetic clinics. It examines how different sorts of 'local biologies' are articulated in the context of research, clinical practice and among implicated patient communities and the way these can 'recursively' move across different spheres and scales of social action to extend and transform the meaning of the biological...
July 19, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720284/modeling-of-plasmas-for-biomedicine
#2
REVIEW
Natalia Yu Babaeva, George V Naidis
Studies in plasma medicine, which are currently actively expanding, are of multidisciplinary character, involving physical, chemical and biological processes. Rapid progress has been achieved in this field due to synergy between experimental and theoretical/computational methods. Joint use of diagnostic tools and computations gives a better understanding of mechanisms of interaction of plasma with bio-objects. This review focuses on recent achievements in modeling of plasma for biomedical applications. Various computational approaches used in these studies are described...
July 15, 2017: Trends in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719818/insights-into-the-unique-functionality-of-inorganic-micro-nanoparticles-for-versatile-ultrasound-theranostics
#3
REVIEW
Xiaoqin Qian, Xiaoxia Han, Yu Chen
The clinical ultrasound (US)-based theranostic biomedicine suffers from the critical issue that traditional microbubbles (MBs) have lots of drawbacks such as low stability, large particle size, difficult structural control, etc. The unique composition, structure and functionality of inorganic micro/nanoplatforms have shown their great prospect for solving these critical issues and drawbacks of traditional organic MBs. This review summarizes and discusses the state-of-art development on exploring inorganic micro/nanoparticles for versatile US-based biomedical applications, ranging from US imaging, photoacoustic imaging, sonodynamic therapy, high intensity-focused US ablation and US-triggered chemotherapy...
July 11, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719214/tunable-liquid-resistant-tip-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-probes-towards-label-free-nano-resolved-imaging-of-biological-systems
#4
Jacob D Scherger, Mark David Foster
Tip enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) has been established as a powerful, non-invasive technique for chemical identification at the nano-scale. However, difficulties, including the degradation of probes, limit its use in liquid systems. Here TERS probes for studies in aqueous environments have been demonstrated using Titanium Nitride coatings with an alumina protective layer. The probes show enhancement in signal intensity as high as 380% in liquid measurements and the probe resonance can be tuned by varying deposition conditions to optimize performance for different laser sources and types of samples...
July 18, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714393/interrelationships-between-gut-microbiota-and-host-paradigms-role-in-neurodegenerative-diseases-and-future-prospects
#5
Javier Caballero- Villarraso, Alberto Galvan, Begoña M Escribano, Isaac Túnez
Advances in the knowledge of the microbiota and concepts related to it have triggered a wake-up call in biomedicine. The development in various scientific areas has enabled a better and broader approach to everything concerning the set of families of microorganisms that coexist with an individual and are able to function as one more organ in its body. Among the aforementioned scientific areas, those worth mentioning are the advances/progress in biotechnological resources and, in particular, molecular biology and related areas...
July 14, 2017: CNS & Neurological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714285/dynamic-cooperation-of-hydrogen-binding-and-%C3%AF-stacking-in-ssdna-adsorption-on-graphene-oxide
#6
Zhen Xu, Xiaoling Lei, Yusong Tu, Zhi-Jie Tan, Bo Song, Haiping Fang
Functional nanoscale structures consisting of a DNA molecule coupled to graphene or graphene oxide (GO) have great potential for applications in biosensors, biomedicine, nanotechnology, and materials science. Extensive studies using the most sophisticated experimental techniques and theoretical methods have still not clarified the dynamic process of single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) adsorbed on a GO surface. Based on a molecular dynamics simulation, this work shows that an ssDNA segment could be stably adsorbed on a GO surface through hydrogen bonding and a π-π stacking interaction, with preferential binding to an oxidized region rather than to an unoxidized region of the GO surface...
July 16, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712062/genome-editing-and-genetic-engineering-in-livestock-for-advancing-agricultural-and-biomedical-applications
#7
Bhanu P Telugu, Ki-Eun Park, Chi-Hun Park
Genetic modification of livestock has a longstanding and successful history, starting with domestication several thousand years ago. Modern animal breeding strategies predominantly based on marker-assisted and genomic selection, artificial insemination, and embryo transfer have led to significant improvement in the performance of domestic animals, and are the basis for regular supply of high quality animal derived food. However, the current strategy of breeding animals over multiple generations to introduce novel traits is not realistic in responding to the unprecedented challenges such as changing climate, pandemic diseases, and feeding an anticipated 3 billion increase in global population in the next three decades...
July 15, 2017: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708390/softwood-lignin-self-assembly-for-nanomaterial-design
#8
Stefan Salentinig, Mark Schubert
Lignin is a natural, renewable biopolymer synthesized by plants. It is a macromolecule consisting of aromatic structures with high density of functional groups making it an ideal precursor for the design of sustainable biomaterials for applications such as drug delivery. The rational design of these materials requires an in-depth understanding of the underlying lignin self-assembly in solution. Colloidal transformations from nano-sized lignin assemblies to sub-micron sized spherical particles upon solvent exchange were studied using small angle X-ray scattering, dynamic light scattering and electron microscopy...
July 14, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699998/culture-bound-syndromes-in-migratory-contexts-the-case-of-bolivian-immigrants
#9
María Teresa Roldán-Chicano, José Fernández-Rufete, César Hueso-Montoro, María Del Mar García-López, Javier Rodríguez-Tello, María Dolores Flores-Bienert
Objective: to describe the culture-bound syndromes maintained by Bolivian immigrants in the new migratory context and analyze the care processes of these health problems. Method: qualitative research with an ethnographic methodological approach. Sample: 27 Bolivian immigrants. In-depth interviews and participatory observation were the strategies used for data collection. Data were classified and categorized into logical schemes manually and using the ATLAS-ti program v...
July 10, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699504/recent-advances-on-cellulose-based-nano-drug-delivery-systems-design-of-prodrugs-and-nanoparticles
#10
Lin Dai, Chuanling Si
Cellulose being the first abundant biopolymers in nature is playing an increasing role as a carrier material in the biomedicine field. Compared with other materials, cellulose has its own advantages, including rich in resources, good thermal and chemical stability, high hydrophilicity, and excellent biocompatibility, etc. These fascinating properties have made cellulose a real potential material to create nano-drug delivery systems. However, the structure of pure cellulose caused some inherent shortcomings, for instance, bad plasticity and dimensional stability, poor solubility in ordinary solvents, and lack of antibacterial activity...
July 11, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696918/gold-nanorods-induce-early-embryonic-developmental-delay-and-lethality-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio
#11
Bárbara Mesquita, Isabel Lopes, Susana Silva, Maria João Bessa, Maksim Starykevich, Jorge Carneiro, Tiago L P Galvão, Mário G S Ferreira, João Tedim, João Paulo Teixeira, Sónia Fraga
Due to their unique electronic and optical features, gold nanoparticles (AuNP) have received a great deal of attention for application in different fields such as catalysis, electronics, and biomedicine. The large-volume manufacturing predicted for future decades and the inevitable release of these substances into the environment necessitated an assessment of potential adverse human and ecological risks due to exposure to AuNP. Accordingly, this study aimed to examine the acute and developmental toxicity attributed to a commercial suspension of Au nanorods stabilized with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB-AuNR) using early embryonic stages of zebrafish (Danio rerio), a well-established model in ecotoxicology...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688486/corrigendum-to-disting-a-web-application-for-fast-algorithmic-computation-of-alternative-indistinguishable-linear-compartmental-models-computer-methods-and-programs-in-biomedicine-143-2017-129-135
#12
Natalie R Davidson, Keith R Godfrey, Faisal Alquaddoomi, David Nola, Joseph J DiStefano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686566/guidelines-to-statistical-analysis-of-microbial-composition-data-inferred-from-metagenomic-sequencing
#13
Vera Odintsova, Alexander Tyakht, Dmitry Alexeev
Metagenomics, the application of high-throughput DNA sequencing for surveys of environmental samples, has revolutionized our view on the taxonomic and genetic composition of complex microbial communities. An enormous richness of microbiota keeps unfolding in the context of various fields ranging from biomedicine and food industry to geology. Primary analysis of metagenomic reads allows to infer semi-quantitative data describing the community structure. However, such compositional data possess statistical specific properties that are important to be considered during preprocessing, hypothesis testing and interpreting the results of statistical tests...
July 6, 2017: Current Issues in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686557/the-biopsychosocial-model-40-years-of-application-in-psychiatry
#14
G Papadimitriou
In 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "TheIn 1977, the American pathologist and psychiatrist George Engel (1913-1999) published in the Journal Science his paper "Theneed for a new medical model: A challenge for biomedicine", introducing the term Biopsychosocial Model. This model basedon the results of Engel's studies in ulcerative colitis, depression and psychogenic pain, constituted a challenge for biomedicineand the biomedical model...
April 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686409/structural-characterization-of-bio-functionalized-gold-nanoparticles-by-ultrahigh-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#15
Simone Nicolardi, Yuri E M van der Burgt, Jeroen D C Codée, Manfred Wuhrer, Cornelis H Hokke, Fabrizio Chiodo
Bio-functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) enable innovative translational research and development in biomedicine. Biomolecules such as peptides, proteins, lipids and carbohydrates can be assembled onto AuNPs to yield nanomaterials with unique properties for applications in imaging, photothermal therapy, vaccination strategies and drug delivery. The characterization of functionalized AuNPs still remains an analytical challenge that normally requires the combination of multiple techniques. Laser desorption/ionization (LDI) and matrix-assisted LDI (MALDI) has been applied successfully in combination with time-of-flight (TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) for the analysis of surface chemistry of AuNPs functionalized with synthetic ligands, however only for ligands with a molecular mass limited to 1000 Da...
July 7, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686247/dna-surfactant-complexes-self-assembly-properties-and-applications
#16
REVIEW
Kai Liu, Lifei Zheng, Chao Ma, Robert Göstl, Andreas Herrmann
Over the last few years, DNA-surfactant complexes have gained traction as unique and powerful materials for potential applications ranging from optoelectronics to biomedicine because they self-assemble with outstanding flexibility spanning packing modes from ordered lamellar, hexagonal and cubic structures to disordered isotropic phases. These materials consist of a DNA backbone from which the surfactants protrude as non-covalently bound side chains. Their formation is electrostatically driven and they form bulk films, lyotropic as well as thermotropic liquid crystals and hydrogels...
July 7, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685682/advances-in-the-prediction-of-protein-aggregation-propensity
#17
Irantzu Pallarès, Salvador Ventura
Protein aggregation into β-sheet-enriched insoluble assemblies is being found to be associated with an increasing number of debilitating human pathologies, such as Alzheimer's disease or type 2 diabetes, but also with premature aging. Furthermore, protein aggregation represents a major bottleneck in the production and marketing of protein-based therapeutics. A myriad of in vitro and in vivo aggregation studies have shown that the aggregation propensity of a certain polypeptide sequence is highly dependent on its intrinsic properties and, in most cases, driven by specific short regions of high aggregation propensity...
July 5, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681052/when-metal-clusters-meet-carbon-cages-endohedral-clusterfullerenes
#18
REVIEW
Shangfeng Yang, Tao Wei, Fei Jin
Fullerenes have the characteristic of a hollow interior, and this unique feature triggers intuitive inspiration to entrap atoms, ions or clusters inside the carbon cage in the form of endohedral fullerenes. In particular, upon entrapping an otherwise unstable metal cluster into a carbon cage, the so-called endohedral clusterfullerenes fulfil the mutual stabilization of the inner metal cluster and the outer fullerene cage with a specific isomeric structure which is often unstable as an empty fullerene. A variety of metal clusters have been reported to form endohedral clusterfullerenes, including metal nitrides, carbides, oxides, sulfides, cyanides and so on, making endohedral clusterfullerenes the most variable and intriguing branch of endohedral fullerenes...
July 6, 2017: Chemical Society Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680802/lobster-processing-by-products-as-valuable-bioresource-of-marine-functional-ingredients-nutraceuticals-and-pharmaceuticals
#19
REVIEW
Trung T Nguyen, Andrew R Barber, Kendall Corbin, Wei Zhang
The worldwide annual production of lobster was 165,367 tons valued over $3.32 billion in 2004, but this figure rose up to 304,000 tons in 2012. Over half the volume of the worldwide lobster production has been processed to meet the rising global demand in diversified lobster products. Lobster processing generates a large amount of by-products (heads, shells, livers, and eggs) which account for 50-70% of the starting material. Continued production of these lobster processing by-products (LPBs) without corresponding process development for efficient utilization has led to disposal issues associated with costs and pollutions...
2017: Bioresources and Bioprocessing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676834/exponentially-modified-peak-functions-in-biomedical-sciences-and-related-disciplines
#20
A Golubev
In many cases relevant to biomedicine, a variable time, which features a certain distribution, is required for objects of interest to pass from an initial to an intermediate state, out of which they exit at random to a final state. In such cases, the distribution of variable times between exiting the initial and entering the final state must conform to the convolution of the first distribution and a negative exponential distribution. A common example is the exponentially modified Gaussian (EMG), which is widely used in chromatography for peak analysis and is long known as ex-Gaussian in psychophysiology, where it is applied to times from stimulus to response...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
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