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Grace P Abris, Na-Hui Kim, Sherlyn Mae P Provido, Sangmo Hong, Sung Hoon Yu, Chang Beom Lee, Jung Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: Migration has an influence on health behavior and food intake. Dietary variety is a key component to high-quality diets because a single food item does not contain a variety of nutrients and may not reflect nutritional adequacy. We aimed to compare the dietary diversity scores (DDS), food variety scores (FVS), and nutrient adequacy levels of married Filipino immigrant women in Korea to those of Korean women. METHODS: We matched the data of 474 participants aged 20-57 years from the Filipino Women's Diet and Health Study (FiLWHEL) by age category with those of married Korean women randomly selected from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
March 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Audrey Lane, James Hodges, Peggy Ptacek, K Louise Berry, Gregory J Beilman, Ty B Dunn, Timothy L Preutt, Srinath Chinnakotla, Barbara Kuzmak, Melena Bellin
Diabetes distress (DD), or psychological fatigue associated with diabetes management, is common in type 1 and 2 diabetes mellitus and is associated with poor glycemic control. DD has never been evaluated in patients undergoing total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplant (TPIAT) for chronic pancreatitis. We analyzed DD after TPIAT in 260 patients (average age 34.3 [standard deviation 15], 75.5% F) undergoing TPIAT between 2006 and 2014. Each patient completed one or more diabetes distress scale (DDS) questionnaires from 1 to 7 years post-TPIAT (631 total)...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
Jana L Wardian, Joshua Tate, Irene Folaron, Sky Graybill, Mark True, Tom Sauerwein
OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that diabetes-related distress would vary by type of diabetes and medication regimen [Type 1 diabetes (T1DM), Type 2 diabetes with insulin use (T2DM-i), Type 2 diabetes without insulin use (T2DM)]. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify groups with elevated diabetes-related distress. METHODS: We administered the 17-item Diabetes-related Distress Scale (DDS-17) to 585 patients. We collected demographics, medications, and lab results from patient records...
March 7, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
Doris E Braun, Ulrich J Griesser
The observed moisture- and temperature dependent transformations of the dapsone (4,4'-diaminodiphenyl sulfone, DDS) 0. 33-hydrate were correlated to its structure and the number and strength of the water-DDS intermolecular interactions. A combination of characterization techniques was used, including thermal analysis (hot-stage microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry and thermogravimetric analysis), gravimetric moisture sorption/desorption studies and variable humidity powder X-ray diffraction, along with computational modeling (crystal structure prediction and pair-wise intermolecular energy calculations)...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
R Karimbeiki, M Pourmasoumi, A Feizi, B Abbasi, A Hadi, N Rafie, S M Safavi
OBJECTIVE: The present study was carried out to compare dietary diversity score (DDS) among overweight, obese, and normal-weight adults. STUDY DESIGN: This case-control study was conducted with a total of 200 cases (100 participants with obesity and 100 participants with overweight) and 300 controls (normal weight) matched by socio-economic status (SES), older than 18 years. METHODS: Dietary intakes were assessed using a self-administered Food Frequency Questionnaire...
March 5, 2018: Public Health
B H Chew, R C Vos, R K Stellato, M Ismail, G E H M Rutten
AIMS: To evaluate the effectiveness of a brief, value-based emotion-cognition-focused educational programme (VEMOFIT) in Malay adults with Type 2 diabetes mellitus compared with a programme of active listening to participants' emotional experiences, social support and their opinion on the health clinic diabetes care services (attention control). METHODS: Malay adults with severe diabetes distress [Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS-17) mean score ≥ 3] were included...
March 5, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Alex Benjamin, Katie Slocombe
Infant-directed speech (IDS) is a special speech register thought to aid language acquisition and improve affiliation in human infants. Although IDS shares some of its properties with dog-directed speech (DDS), it is unclear whether the production of DDS is functional, or simply an overgeneralisation of IDS within Western cultures. One recent study found that, while puppies attended more to a script read with DDS compared with adult-directed speech (ADS), adult dogs displayed no preference. In contrast, using naturalistic speech and a more ecologically valid set-up, we found that adult dogs attended to and showed more affiliative behaviour towards a speaker of DDS than of ADS...
March 2, 2018: Animal Cognition
Emma Carpenter, Ann A Lazar, Gwen Essex, Cheryl A Davis, Dorothy J Rowe
Purpose: To identify the factors that have influenced dental hygienists to pursue post-graduate education opportunities, specifically dental (DDS, DMD) as compared to academic doctoral degrees, such as doctor of philosophy (PhD) or doctor of education (EdD). Methods: A convenience sample of dental hygienists with doctoral degrees were identified from multiple sources (n=140) and sent a 27-item web-based survey. Univariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the influence of independent variables (respondents' demographic and personal characteristics, influential persons and experiences, encouraging and motivating factors) on the respondents' decision to pursue either a dental or an academic doctoral degree...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Smrithi Padmakumar, Neha Parayath, Fraser Leslie, Shantikumar V Nair, Deepthy Menon, Mansoor M Amiji
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) remains to be the most lethal of all gynecological malignancies mainly due to its asymptomatic nature. The late stages of EOC are manifested with predominant metastases confined to the peritoneal cavity. Although there has been a substantial progress in the treatment avenue with different therapeutic interventions, the overall survival rate of EOC patients remain poor due to relapse and drug resistance. Areas covered: The pharmacokinetic advantages offered by intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy due to the peritoneal-plasma barrier can be potentially exploited for EOC relapse treatment...
February 28, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Angle Orthodontist
Soundararajan Hema, Selvarathinam Thambiraj, Dhesingh Ravi Shankaran
Cancer is the second leading causes of death worldwide and it is one of the fatal diseases that kill millions of people every year. It is characterized by uncontrolled proliferation of cells and loss of apoptosis that generates an abnormal mass of cells or tumors. Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common cancers in men and the risk is higher over the age of 55-65. Currently, PCa is the second most common cancer, which causes death in men has a high prevalence with relatively lower cancer mortality risk compared to lung and colon cancer...
August 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Arif Gulzar, Jiating Xu, Liangge Xu, Piaoping Yang, Fei He, Dan Yang, Guanghui An, Mohd Bismillah Ansari
The disulfide bond (-S-S-) is an enormously valuable functional group in a variety of chemical and biological agents that display effective reactivity or biological activities (e.g., antitumor activities). The disulfide bonds prevalent in proteins are somewhat oxidizing in the extracellular space; however, such disulfide bonds can rarely be found inside cells because of disulfide cleavage reactions facilitated by abundant free cellular thiols, including glutathione (GSH), which is the most important common thiol-containing small molecule...
February 19, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Abbas Jafarizad, Ali Taghizadehgh-Alehjougi, Morteza Eskandani, Maryam Hatamzadeh, Mojtaba Abbasian, Rahim Mohammad-Rezaei, Maryam Mohammadzadeh, Başak Toğar, Mehdi Jaymand
This paper describes the development of mitoxantrone-loaded PEGylated graphene oxide/magnetite nanoparticles (PEG-GO/Fe3O4-MTX), and investigation of its preliminary drug delivery performance. For this, the GO was synthesized through oxidizing graphite powder, and subsequently carboxylated using a substitution nucleophilic reaction. The carboxylated GO (GO-COOH) was then conjugated with amine end-caped PEG chains by Steglich esterification. Afterward, GO-PEG/Fe3O4 nanocomposite was synthesized through the anchoring of Fe3O4 nanoparticles onto the surface of GO-PEG during the sonication...
2018: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
Silvana Gjoseva, Nikola Geskovski, Simona Dimchevska Sazdovska, Riste Popeski-Dimovski, Gjorgji Petruševski, Kristina Mladenovska, Katerina Goracinova
The aim of this study was to develop chitosan (CS) microparticulated mucoadhesive drug delivery system (DDS) with improved therapeutic performance and biological responce. Ionotropic gelation/spray drying process was used for preparation of doxycycline hyclate (DOXY) loaded low and medium molecular weight (LMw and MMw) CS/sodium tripolyphosphate microparticles (CS/TPP MPs), further coated with ethyl cellulose (EC) using coacervation/solvent displacement technique. The relevant physico-chemical and biopharmaceutical properties were optimized using experimental design approach...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Naichuan Su, Arjen J van Wijk, Corine M Visscher, Frank Lobbezoo, Geert J M G van der Heijden
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to assess the added diagnostic value of ultrasonography (US) for establishing the presence or absence of disc displacements (DDs) in temporomandibular joints (TMJs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pubmed and EMBASE were searched electronically to identify diagnostic accuracy studies that assessed the diagnostic value of US for the diagnosis of DD, using Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as the reference standard. Meta-analyses were performed with Metadisc 1...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Tanya Biswas, Shiv Shanker Pandey, Deepamala Maji, Vikrant Gupta, Alok Kalra, Manju Singh, Archana Mathur, A K Mathur
Dual metabolite, i.e., ginsenoside and anthocyanin, co-accumulating cell suspensions of Panax sikkimensis were subjected to elicitation with culture filtrates of Serratia marcescens (SD 21), Bacillus subtilis (FL11), Trichoderma atroviridae (TA), and T. harzianum (TH) at 1.25% and 2.5% v/v for 1- and 3-week duration. The fungal-derived elicitors (TA and TH) did not significantly affect biomass accumulation; however, bacterial elicitors (SD 21 and FL11), especially SD 21, led to comparable loss in biomass growth...
February 15, 2018: Protoplasma
Fan Ji, Kun Zhang, Jie Li, Yuanliang Gu, Jinshun Zhao, Jianfeng Zhang
Cancer chemotherapy has limitations such as nonselective distribution of drugs, detrimental side effects on normal tissues; here we reported a smart pH and magnetic sensitive drug delivery system (DDS) based on PEGylated Fe3O4 superparamagnetic nanoparticles. The citric-coated Fe3O4 (CIO) nanoparticles were firstly synthesized and further functionalized by biocompatible poly(ethylene glycol) bis(carboxymethyl ether) (COOH-PEG-COOH), thus PEGylated CIO (GCIO) nanoparticles were obtained. Doxorubicin (DOX) was conjugated as a model drug to the nanoparticles via hydrazone bond...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Shini Feng, Huijie Zhang, Chunyi Zhi, Xiao-Dong Gao, Hideki Nakanishi
Background: Anticancer drug-delivery systems (DDSs) capable of responding to the physiological stimuli and efficiently releasing drugs inside tumor cells are highly desirable for effective cancer therapy. Herein, pH-responsive, charge-reversal poly(allylamine hydrochlorid)-citraconic anhydride (PAH-cit) functionalized boron nitride nanospheres (BNNS) were fabricated and used as a carrier for the delivery and controlled release of doxorubicin (DOX) into cancer cells. Methods: BNNS was synthesized through a chemical vapor deposition method and then functionalized with synthesized charge-reversal PAH-cit polymer...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Li-Ping Zhang, Xue-Xia Tan, Yan-Ping Huang, Zhao-Sheng Liu
Liquid crystalline molecularly imprinted polymers (LC-MIPs) were low cross-linking MIPs (5-20 mol %) by introducing a LC monomer into the MIP polymerization system to keep the shape of the imprinted cavities due to additional interactions between the mesogenic groups. The multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) coated LC-MIP (MWCNT@LC-MIP) was the first fabricated as a novel floating interaction-controlled DDS. The synthesis was achieved by adding 9-vinylanthracene to obtain the high-density vinyl group functionalized MWCNTs firstly, and then polymerization of LC MIPs was performed on the surface of MWCNTs using a mixture of methacrylic acid, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate, and 4-methyl phenyl dicyclohexyl ethylene (LC monomer) with levofloxacin (LVF) as model template drug...
February 10, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Jie Ding, Tingxizi Liang, Qianhao Min, Li-Ping Jiang, Jun-Jie Zhu
For co-delivery of therapeutic genes and chemical agents in combined therapy, the ideal drug delivery system (DDS) entails high-capacity and low-body toxicity carriers, allowing adequate drug dose for tumor region while yielding low residue in normal tissue. To augment the gene/drug load capacity and circumvent the potential toxicity brought by traditional inorganic and polymeric nanocarriers, a "stealth" carrier was herein designed in a simple self-assembly of (-)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (EGCG) and small interfering RNA (siRNA) by recruiting protamine as biodegradable medium for the treatment of drug-resistant triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC)...
February 13, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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