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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915146/engendered-responses-to-and-interventions-for-shame-in-dissociative-disorders-a-survey-and-experimental-investigation
#1
Martin J Dorahy, Julia Gorgas, Lenaire Seager, Warwick Middleton
This study examined shame and responses to it in adult dissociative disorder (DD; n = 24) and comparison psychiatric (n = 14) samples. To investigate how helpful different therapeutic responses are after shame disclosures in therapy, participants heard two vignettes from "mock" patients disclosing a) shame and b) surprise. Participants rated the helpfulness of five potential responses. Interventions covered withdrawing from the affect (withdrawal focused) to feeling it (feeling focused), with other interventions on cognitions (cognitive focused), management strategies (management focused), and previous experiences (history focused)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914064/-targeted-drug-delivery-system-potential-application-to-resveratrol
#2
Hassan Farghali, Ludmila Kameníková
Drug delivery system (DDS) is intended to increasing effectiveness of drugs through targeted distribution and to reducing of unwanted effects. In this mini-review, the basic principles of nanotechnology that were developed for DDS were reported including sections on the present research in key areas that are important for future investigations. Attention is paid on resveratrol as a model phytochemical with interesting pharmacologic profile which was demonstrated in great numbers of studies and for its wide use as supplemental therapy...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Farmacie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888975/solvent-responsive-floating-liquid-crystalline-molecularly-imprinted-polymers-for-gastroretentive-controlled-drug-release-system
#3
Li-Ping Zhang, Xiao-Lin Wang, Qian-Qian Pang, Yan-Ping Huang, Lei Tang, Meng Chen, Zhao-Sheng Liu
Liquid crystalline-molecularly imprinted polymer (LC-MIP) particles was first found to possess the floating behavior on the aqueous medium. Combined with molecular recognition, the LC-MIP was fabricated as a novel class of the controlled-release gastric retentive DDS. The LC-MIP was made using co-polymerization of methacrylic acid, 4-methyl phenyl dicyclohexyl ethylene (LC monomer with vinyl group), and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate with S-amlodipine (S-AML) as model template drug. The optimum condition of the preparation of LC-MIP has been obtained relying on release behaviors of S-AML from the LC-MIP...
September 6, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881390/prenatal-alcohol-exposure-in-relation-to-autism-spectrum-disorder-findings-from-the-study-to-explore-early-development-seed
#4
Alison B Singer, Arthur S Aylsworth, Christina Cordero, Lisa A Croen, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, M Daniele Fallin, Amy H Herring, Stephen R Hooper, Rebecca E Pretzel, Laura A Schieve, Gayle C Windham, Julie L Daniels
BACKGROUND: Prenatal alcohol exposure can affect neurodevelopment, but few studies have examined associations with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: We assessed the association between maternal alcohol use and ASD in the Study to Explore Early Development, a multi-site case-control study of children born between September 2003 and August 2006 in the US Regression analyses included 684 children with research clinician-confirmed ASD, 869 children with non-ASD developmental delays or disorders (DDs), and 962 controls ascertained from the general population (POP)...
September 7, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879663/road-side-drug-testing-an-evaluation-of-the-alere-dds%C3%A2-2-mobile-test-system
#5
Timothy P Rohrig, Christine M Moore, Kimberly Stephens, Kelsey Cooper, Cynthia Coulter, Tyson Baird, Margaux Garnier, Samuel Miller, James Tuyay, Kei Osawa, Joshua Chou, Carson Nuss, Jeff Collier, Karen Cudlin Wittman
The number of drivers using drugs has increased over the last few years, and is likely to continue its upward trend. Testing drivers for alcohol use is routine and standardized, but the same is not true for the identification of driving under the influence of drugs (DUID). The Drug Evaluation and Classification Program (DECP) was developed to train police officers to recognize the signs and symptoms of recent drug use and remains an invaluable program; however there are insufficient numbers of these highly trained drug recognition experts (DRE's) who are available to attend every potential drug involved traffic incident...
September 6, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854296/efficacy-and-safety-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-serotonin-norepinephrine-reuptake-inhibitors-and-placebo-for-common-psychiatric-disorders-among-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Cosima Locher, Helen Koechlin, Sean R Zion, Christoph Werner, Daniel S Pine, Irving Kirsch, Ronald C Kessler, Joe Kossowsky
Importance: Depressive disorders (DDs), anxiety disorders (ADs), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common mental disorders in children and adolescents. Objective: To examine the relative efficacy and safety of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs), and placebo for the treatment of DD, AD, OCD, and PTSD in children and adolescents. Data Sources: PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Cochrane Database from inception through August 7, 2016...
August 30, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846848/divergent-approach-to-thiazolylidene-derivatives-a-perspective-on-the-synthesis-of-a-heterocyclic-skeleton-from-%C3%AE-amidothioamides-reactivity
#7
Stefania Santeusanio, Roberta Majer, Francesca Romana Perrulli, Lucia De Crescentini, Gianfranco Favi, Gianluca Giorgi, Fabio Mantellini
Herein we report a domino protocol able to reach regioselectively thiazolylidene systems by combining the reactive peculiarities of both β-amidothioamides (ATAs) and 1,2-diaza-1,3-dienes (DDs). Depending on the reaction conditions and/or the nature of the residue at C4 of the heterodiene system, ATAs can act as hetero-mononucleophiles or hetero-dinucleophiles in the diversified thiazolylidene ring assembly.
September 5, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844757/chemotherapy-agent-unsaturated-fatty-acid-prodrugs-and-prodrug-nanoplatforms-for-cancer-chemotherapy
#8
REVIEW
Bingjun Sun, Cong Luo, Weiping Cui, Jin Sun, Zhonggui He
Unsaturated fatty acids (UFAs), with the distinct advantages of good biocompatibility and innate tumor-targeting effect, have been widely investigated for the rational design of chemotherapy agent-unsaturated fatty acid (CA-UFA) prodrugs in cancer therapy. Among them, several CA-UFA prodrugs have successfully entered clinical trials and are promising prospects for potential clinical applications. In addition, CA-UFA prodrug-based nanoparticulate drug delivery systems (nano-DDS), which integrate the advantages of CA-UFA prodrugs and nano-DDS, have been emerging as versatile nano-carriers for the efficient delivery of chemotherapeutics...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829147/comprehensive-evaluation-of-the-binding-of-lipocalin-type-prostaglandin-d-synthase-to-poorly-water-soluble-drugs
#9
Yoshiaki Teraoka, Satoshi Kume, Yuxi Lin, Shogo Atsuji, Takashi Inui
Low water solubility of candidate drug compounds is a major problem in pharmaceutical research and development. We developed a novel drug delivery system (DDS) for poorly water-soluble drugs using lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS), which belongs to the lipocalin superfamily and binds a large variety of hydrophobic molecules. In this study, we comprehensively evaluated the capability of L-PGDS to bind and solubilize various poorly-water soluble drugs using structure-based docking. Docking simulations of 2892 commercially available approved drugs indicated that L-PGDS shows higher binding affinities for various drugs compared with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin...
August 22, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828981/the-primary-mechanism-of-cellular-internalization-for-a-short-cellpenetrating-peptide-as-a-nano-scale-delivery-system
#10
Betty R Liu, Yue-Wern Huang, Mallikarjuna Korivi, Shih-Yen Lo, Robert S Aronstam, Han-Jung Lee
BACKGROUND: Development of effective drug delivery systems (DDS) is a critical issue in health care and medicine. Advances in molecular biology and nanotechnology have allowed the introduction of nanomaterial-based drug delivery systems. Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) can form the basis of drug delivery systems by virtue of their ability to support the transport of cargoes into the cell. Potential cargoes include proteins, DNA, RNA, liposomes, and nanomaterials. These cargoes generally retain their bioactivities upon entering cells...
August 22, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828754/elemental-and-carbonaceous-characterization-of-tsp-and-pm10-during-middle-eastern-dust-med-storms-in-ahvaz-southwestern-iran
#11
Abbas Shahsavani, Maryam Yarahmadi, Mostafa Hadei, Mohammad Hossein Sowlat, Kazem Naddafi
Middle Eastern dust (MED) storms carry large amounts of dust particles to the Southern and Western cities of Iran. This study aimed to characterize the elemental and carbonaceous composition of total suspended particles (TSP) and PM10 in Ahvaz, Iran. TSP and PM10 samples were collected using two separate high-volume air samplers. The sampling program was performed according to EPA guidelines and resulted in 72 samples. Twenty-eight elements and two carbonaceous components in TSP and PM10 were measured. Over the entire study period, the mean concentration (SD) of TSP and PM10 was 1548...
August 21, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828662/in-vivo-tracking-of-extracellular-vesicles-in-mice-using-fusion-protein-comprising-lactadherin-and-gaussia-luciferase
#12
Yuki Takahashi, Makiya Nishikawa, Yoshinobu Takakura
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are cell-derived vesicles comprising a lipid bilayer and are found in body fluids, such as blood, sweat, and urine. As EVs, especially exosomes, function as endogenous intercellular delivery tools, their roles in various biological events have been extensively investigated. In addition, they are expected to become safe and effective drug delivery systems (DDS) because of their intrinsic nature. In the development of EV-based DDS, as well as in the investigation of the biological functions of EVs, it is important to analyze the in vivo behavior of EVs by tracking them...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819914/psychometric-characteristics-of-non-instrumental-swallowing-and-feeding-assessments-in-pediatrics-a-systematic-review-using-cosmin
#13
REVIEW
Renée Speyer, Reinie Cordier, Lauren Parsons, Deborah Denman, Jae-Hyun Kim
As early diagnosis of swallowing and feeding difficulties in infants and children is of utmost importance, there is a need to evaluate the quality of the psychometric properties of pediatric assessments of swallowing and feeding. A systematic review was performed summarizing the psychometric properties of non-instrumental assessments for swallowing and feeding difficulties in pediatrics; no data were identified for the remaining twelve assessments. The COSMIN taxonomy and checklist were used to evaluate the methodological quality of 23 publications on psychometric properties...
August 17, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806418/seasonality-affects-dietary-diversity-of-school-age-children-in-northern-ghana
#14
Abdul-Razak Abizari, Fusta Azupogo, Miwako Nagasu, Noortje Creemers, Inge D Brouwer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Dietary diversity score (DDS) is relatively easy to measure and is shown to be a very useful indicator of the probability of adequate micronutrient intake. Dietary diversity, however, is usually assessed during a single period and little is known about the effect of seasonality on it. This study investigates whether dietary diversity is influenced by seasonality. METHODS: Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted in two different seasons-dry season (October 2010) and rainy season (May 2011) among the same school-age children (SAC) in two rural schools in northern Ghana...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802938/impulse-control-and-related-disorders-in-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Daniel Weintraub, Daniel O Claassen
Impulse control disorders (ICDs), such as compulsive gambling, buying, sexual, and eating behaviors, are a serious and increasingly recognized complication in Parkinson's disease (PD), occurring in up to 20% of PD patients over the course of their illness. Related behaviors include punding (stereotyped, repetitive, purposeless behaviors), dopamine dysregulation syndrome (DDS) (compulsive medication overuse), and hobbyism (e.g., compulsive internet use, artistic endeavors, and writing). These disorders have a significant impact on quality of life and function, strain interpersonal relationships, and worsen caregiver burden, and are associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797171/novel-composite-drug-delivery-system-as-a-novel-radio-sensitizer-for-the-local-treatment-of-cervical-carcinoma
#16
Shan Xu, Yu Ying Tang, Yan Xin Yu, Qin Yun, Jing Pin Yang, Heng Zhang, Qiuxia Peng, Xiaoyang Sun, Ling Lin Yang, ShaoZhi Fu, Jing Bo Wu
In this study, we investigated in vivo radiosensitizing effects of a gel-based dual drug delivery system (DDS) (PECE/DDP + mPEG-PCL/PTX, or PDMP) in a cervical cancer model, and determined its possible mechanisms of action. A xenograft cervical cancer model was used to investigate the radio sensitization effect of PDMP. Mice underwent paclitaxel (PTX) + cisplatin (DDP), PECE, or PDMP treatment followed by single radiation doses ranging from 0 Gy to 20 Gy. Radio sensitization was analyzed by tumor regrowth delay (TGD)...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796557/revisiting-the-concept-of-severe-mental-illness-severity-indicators-and-healthcare-spending-in-psychotic-depressive-and-dissociative-disorders
#17
Ana Isabel Gonzalez Vazquez, Natalia Seijo Ameneiros, Juan Carlos Díaz Del Valle, Ester Lopez Fernandez, Miguel Angel Santed Germán
BACKGROUND: The concept of severe mental illness (SMI) has been related to bipolar or psychotic diagnosis, or to some cases of depressive disorders. Other mental health problems such as personality disorders or posttraumatic dissociative conditions, which can sometimes lead to relevant functional impairments, remain separate from the SMI construct. AIMS: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical severity as well as healthcare spending on dissociative disorders (DDs)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783049/an-optimized-data-distribution-service-based-solution-for-reliable-data-exchange-among-autonomous-underwater-vehicles
#18
Jesús Rodríguez-Molina, Sonia Bilbao, Belén Martínez, Mirgita Frasheri, Baran Cürüklü
Major challenges are presented when managing a large number of heterogeneous vehicles that have to communicate underwater in order to complete a global mission in a cooperative manner. In this kind of application domain, sending data through the environment presents issues that surpass the ones found in other overwater, distributed, cyber-physical systems (i.e., low bandwidth, unreliable transport medium, data representation and hardware high heterogeneity). This manuscript presents a Publish/Subscribe-based semantic middleware solution for unreliable scenarios and vehicle interoperability across cooperative and heterogeneous autonomous vehicles...
August 5, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777969/method-validation-and-nanoparticle-characterization-assays-for-an-innovative-amphothericin-b-formulation-to-reach-increased-stability-and-safety-in-infectious-diseases
#19
Maraine Catarina Tadini, Ana Maria de Freitas Pinheiro, Daniel Blascke Carrão, Ana Luiza Scarano Aguillera Forte, Sofia Nikolaou, Anderson R M de Oliveira, Andresa Aparecida Berretta, Franciane Marquele-Oliveira
Drug Delivery Systems (DDS) of known drugs are prominent candidates towards new and more-effective treatments of various infectious diseases as they may increase drug bioavailability, control drug delivery and target the site of action. In this sense, the encapsulation of Amphotericin B (AmB) in Nanostructured Lipid Carriers (NLCs) designed with pH-sensible phospholipids to target infectious tissues was proposed and suitable analytical methods were validated, as well as, proper nanoparticle characterization were conducted...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774826/erythrocyte-based-drug-delivery-in-transfusion-medicine-wandering-questions-seeking-answers
#20
REVIEW
Vassilis L Tzounakas, Dimitrios G Karadimas, Issidora S Papassideri, Jerard Seghatchian, Marianna H Antonelou
Red blood cells (RBCs) represent the most commonly used and best-studied natural carriers in the history of drug delivery. Their abundance and long circulation half-life, their great immune-biocompatibility and biodegradability profiles, along with the availability of well established protocols for their safe collection, ex vivo processing and quality control make them advantageous as drug delivery systems (DDS). As a result, several drug-loading techniques (including encapsulation and surface conjugation) have been developed in order to construct RBC-based or RBC-inspired drug delivery vehicles for the effective treatment of infections, cancer, chronic and autoimmune diseases in both pre-clinical protocols and clinical trials...
July 16, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
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