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Shinichiro Tomitaka, Yohei Kawasaki, Kazuki Ide, Maiko Akutagawa, Hiroshi Yamada, Toshiaki A Furukawa, Yutaka Ono
BACKGROUND: Previously, we proposed a model for ordinal scale scoring in which individual thresholds for each item constitute a distribution by each item. This lead us to hypothesize that the boundary curves of each depressive symptom score in the distribution of total depressive symptom scores follow a common mathematical model, which is expressed as the product of the frequency of the total depressive symptom scores and the probability of the cumulative distribution function of each item threshold...
2016: PeerJ
H Felix Fischer, Matthias Rose
BACKGROUND: Recently, a growing number of Item-Response Theory (IRT) models has been published, which allow estimation of a common latent variable from data derived by different Patient Reported Outcomes (PROs). When using data from different PROs, direct estimation of the latent variable has some advantages over the use of sum score conversion tables. It requires substantial proficiency in the field of psychometrics to fit such models using contemporary IRT software. We developed a web application ( http://www...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Paola Catastini, Serena Di Marco, Maria Furriolo, Carmela Genovese, Alessia Grande, Eugenia Iacinti, Rosa Danila Iusco, Rita Maria Vittoria Nobili, Rita Pescini, Roberto Ragni, Roberto Randazzo, Cristiana Risso, Paola Tabarini, Cesare Braggion, Salvatore De Masi, Kathleen S McGreevy
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis, like other chronic diseases, is a risk factor for the development of elevated symptoms of depression and anxiety. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of anxiety and depression in Italian patients with CF and their parents. METHODS: The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) questionnaires were administered to a sample of patients and their parents recruited at the cystic fibrosis centers in Italy...
October 19, 2016: Pediatric Pulmonology
Tetsu Tomita, Norio Yasui-Furukori, Norio Sugawara, Kohei Ogasawara, Koki Katagai, Hisao Saito, Kaori Sawada, Ippei Takahashi, Kazuhiko Nakamura
BACKGROUND: We investigated the prevalence of depression in hemodialysis (HD) patients using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies for Depression (CES-D) scale and the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (SCID) and compared the rates with those of community dwelling people in Japan. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 99 patients undergoing HD were recruited. Blood sampling was performed no later than 2 weeks prior to assessment...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Guillermina Natera Rey, Perla Sonia Medina Aguilar, Fransilvania Callejas Pérez, Jim Orford, Guillermo Salinas Escudero, Marcela Tiburcio Sainz
Objective Estimate the cost-effectiveness ratio of a five-step brief intervention aimed at reducing the stress and symptoms of depression caused by living with an alcohol abuser. Methods The cost-effectiveness analysis was carried out with a decision tree, based on symptoms of depression measured on the CES-D scale. The effectiveness of the brief intervention was evaluated by comparing a group of indigenous women who received the intervention (n = 43) with a similar group who did not (n = 30). The groups were evaluated before, immediately after, and 12 months after the intervention, in the state of Hidalgo (Mexico)...
February 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Shervin Assari, Amirmasoud Nikahd, Mohammad Reza Malekahmadi, Maryam Moghani Lankarani, Hadi Zamanian
BACKGROUND: Despite the existing literature on the central role of socioeconomic status (SES; education and income) for maintaining health, less is known about group differences in this effect. Built on the intersectionality approach, this study compared race by gender groups for the effects of baseline education and income on sustained health problems in five domains: depressive symptoms, insomnia, physical inactivity, body mass index (BMI), and self-rated health (SRH). METHODS: Data came from waves 7, 8, and 10 of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), which were collected in 2004, 2006, and 2010, respectively...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
James M Bjork, Thomas K Burroughs, Laura M Franke, Treven C Pickett, Sade E Johns, F Gerard Moeller, William C Walker
In military populations, traumatic brain injury (TBI) also holds potential to increase impulsivity and impair mood regulation due to blast injury effects on ventral frontal cortex - to put military personnel at risk for suicide or substance abuse. We assessed a linkage between depression and impaired behavioral inhibition in 117 blast-exposed service members (SM) and veterans with post-concussion syndrome (PCS), where PCS was defined using a Rivermead Postconcussive Symptom Questionnaire (RPQ) modified to clarify whether each symptom worsened compared to pre-blast...
October 7, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Charles H Tegeler, Catherine L Tegeler, Jared F Cook, Sung W Lee, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A Shaltout, Christopher M Miles, Sean L Simpson
BACKGROUND: Effective interventions are needed for individuals with persisting post-concussion symptoms. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM®) is an allostatic, closed-loop, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology, designed to facilitate relaxation and self-optimization of neural oscillations. METHODS: Fifteen athletes (seven females, mean age 18.1 years, SD 2.6) with persisting post-concussion symptoms received 18.7 (SD 6...
December 2016: Sports Medicine—Open
Brian E McCabe, Natasha Schaefer Solle, Nilda Peragallo Montano, Victoria B Mitrani
OBJECTIVES: Alcohol misuse and depressive symptoms have been linked to HIV/STI risk, but studies have rarely included Hispanic women, who have over four times greater HIV incidence than white, non-Hispanic women. Understanding the connections among alcohol misuse, depressive symptoms, and HIV/STI risks may suggest ways to meet specific needs of Hispanic women. This study's objective is to examine the relationships among alcohol misuse, depressive symptoms, and seven HIV/STI risk factors...
October 15, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
Danielle E K Perkins, Sue Lasiter
Only 10% of Black men are predicted to experience depression despite widespread disparities in education, employment, socioeconomic status, and incarceration. Gender, cultural, and situational variables force divergence from traditional symptoms of depression and complicate accurate identification of depression in young Black men. Twenty young Black men who were employed by a community-based reentry facility were interviewed about their perceptions of items on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale...
October 2016: Journal of Correctional Health Care
Allison J Carroll, Mercedes R Carnethon, Kiang Liu, David R Jacobs, Laura A Colangelo, Jesse C Stewart, J Jeffrey Carr, Rachel Widome, Reto Auer, Brian Hitsman
Objective: Evaluate whether smoking exposure and depressive symptoms accumulated over 25 years are synergistically associated with subclinical heart disease, measured by coronary artery calcification (CAC). Method: Participants (baseline: 54.5% women; 51.5% Black; age range = 18-30 years) were followed prospectively from 1985 to 2010 in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Smoking status was queried yearly from Year 0 to Year 25 to compute packyears of smoking exposure. Depressive symptoms were measured on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale every 5 years to compute cumulative scores from Year 5 to Year 25...
October 13, 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Linda S Beeber, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Maria Martinez, Yui Matsuda, Anne C Wheeler, Marcia Mandel, Dore LaForett, Julee Waldrop
Objective A higher rate of depressive symptoms is found among mothers of children with disabilities compared to other parents. However, there is a lack of study of mothers with children <3 years of age participating in Early Intervention (EI) programs. This study aims to more fully describe the extent of mood disorders in these mothers including estimated prevalence, severity and factors associated with maternal mental health, using gold standard clinical diagnostic and symptom measures, and test models associating depressive symptoms with contextual factors and child behavior...
October 12, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
D Anandakumar, S S Ratnatunga, M Dayabandara, Raveen Hanwella, Varuni A de Silva
INTRODUCTION: Lifetime prevalence of depression varies across countries and different populations. Depression is a common comorbidity of physical illness. Patients with depression are known to present with somatic symptoms. Depression is under-diagnosed in primary care settings. Objectives To estimate the prevalence of depression in patients attending the outpatient department (OPD) of a tertiary care hospital in the Western Province of Sri Lanka. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in the OPD of the National Hospital of Sri Lanka (NHSL)...
2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
Judith Harbertson, Braden R Hale, Nelson L Michael, Paul T Scott
BACKGROUND: Depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are significant risks for suicide and other adverse events among US military personnel, but prevalence data among ship-assigned personnel at the onset of deployment are unknown. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of shipboard personnel who screen positive for PTSD and/or major depressive disorder (MDD) at the onset of deployment, and also those who reported these diagnoses made by a physician or healthcare professional in the year prior to deployment...
September 2016: BJPsych Open
Mark A Louter, Leopoldine A Wilbrink, Joost Haan, Erik W van Zwet, Willebrordus P J van Oosterhout, Frans G Zitman, Michel D Ferrari, Gisela M Terwindt
OBJECTIVE: As cluster headache (CH) is often referred to as "suicide headache," we wanted to assess the prevalence of depression in CH patients, and to investigate determinants of depression such as sleep disturbances. METHODS: In a cross-sectional, web-based, validated questionnaire study among 462 well-defined CH patients and 177 controls, we diagnosed CH according to the ICHD-III. We assessed depression using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D) with supplementary questions to assess lifetime depression...
September 30, 2016: Neurology
Andrée-Anne Bouvette-Turcot, Eva Unternaehrer, Hélène Gaudreau, John E Lydon, Meir Steiner, Michael J Meaney
BACKGROUND: We examined the interactive effects of maternal childhood adversity and later adulthood depression on subsequent socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: Our community sample ranged from 230 to 243 mothers (across measures) drawn from a prospective, longitudinal cohort study. Maternal childhood adversity scores were derived using an integrated measure derived from the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and the Parental Bonding Index (PBI). Maternal depression was measured in the prenatal period with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)...
August 16, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marianna Noale, Marco Solmi, Claudio Luchini, Stefania Maggi
BACKGROUND: The Mediterranean diet has positively influenced various medical conditions, but only a paucity of studies has considered the relation between the Mediterranean diet and quality of life (QOL) among people living in North America. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether a higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet (aMED) was associated with better QOL and decreased pain, stiffness, disability, and depression in a large cohort of North Americans from the Osteoarthritis Initiative...
September 28, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Suzanne C Ho, Zhenzhen Liang, Ruby H Y Yu, Aprille Sham
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the occurrence of stressful life events (SLEs) and its association with the risk of developing depressive symptoms in midlife women. METHODS: A total of 518 Hong Kong Chinese postmenopausal women aged 50 to 64 years were recruited through random telephone dialing. Information on sociodemographic, health, and lifestyle variables was obtained through face-to-face interviews at baseline, and at 3-year (T1) and 5-year (T2) follow-up. A Centre of Epidemiological Study Depression scale (CES-D) score ≥16 was used to indicate high depressive symptoms...
September 26, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
D D Ebert, L Donkin, G Andersson, G Andrews, T Berger, P Carlbring, A Rozenthal, I Choi, J A C Laferton, R Johansson, A Kleiboer, A Lange, D Lehr, J A Reins, B Funk, J Newby, S Perini, H Riper, J Ruwaard, L Sheeber, F J Snoek, N Titov, B Ünlü Ince, K van Bastelaar, K Vernmark, A van Straten, L Warmerdam, N Salsman, P Cuijpers
BACKGROUND: Almost nothing is known about the potential negative effects of Internet-based psychological treatments for depression. This study aims at investigating deterioration and its moderators within randomized trials on Internet-based guided self-help for adult depression, using an individual patient data meta-analyses (IPDMA) approach. METHOD: Studies were identified through systematic searches (PubMed, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Cochrane Library). Deterioration in participants was defined as a significant symptom increase according to the reliable change index (i...
October 2016: Psychological Medicine
Maria Antonietta Annunziata, Barbara Muzzatti, Cristiana Flaiban, Lorena Giovannini, Guido Lucchini
The "Cognitive Functioning Self-Assessment Scale" (CFSS) is a questionnaire specifically developed for the self-reporting of cognitive functioning in non-neurologic settings. A previous published study had showed its good reading comprehension and face validity, defining it as monofactorial and reliable. This paper provides further psychometric data and norms derived on a larger sample from the general population. Our work is divided into two studies. In Study 1, 194 adult patients in a General Practitioner study (27...
September 20, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
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