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Joane Matta, Sébastien Czernichow, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Nicolas Hoertel, Frédéric Limosin, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins, Cedric Lemogne
The association between depressive symptoms and vegetarian diets is controversial. This study examines the cross-sectional association between depressive symptoms and vegetarian diets while controlling for potential confounders. Among 90,380 subjects from the population-based Constances cohort, depressive symptoms were defined by a score ≥19 on the Centre of Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale and diet types (omnivorous, pesco-vegetarian, lacto-ovo-vegetarian and vegan) were determined with a food frequency questionnaire...
November 6, 2018: Nutrients
Daniel Kim
Objectives The United States is the only advanced economy globally that does not guarantee its workers paid vacation leave. Although empirical studies have linked paid vacation leave to happiness and stress, no study has investigated the association between paid vacation leave and depression. Using a nationally-representative longitudinal sample of 3380 working men and women aged 45-52 years from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979, this study explored whether paid vacation leave may protect against depression...
November 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Hirohito Tsuboi, Hiroyuki Sakakibara, Yuuki Minamida, Hiromasa Tsujiguchi, Masahiro Matsunaga, Akinori Hara, Hiroyuki Nakamura
Recent studies indicate that patients with depression have increased concentrations of serum pro-inflammatory cytokines. However, studies of IL-17 and studies on community-dwellers are few. The purpose of this study was to investigate serum cytokine levels, especially IL-17A, among subjects with high and low depressive symptoms of a general population. The participants comprised 20 female community-dwellers aged 40 years or older who contributed to a Shika study in Ishikawa, Japan. Ten participants who showed higher and ten who showed lower depressive symptoms among 208 females assessed by the Japanese version of the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) were selected for this study...
November 4, 2018: Behavioral Sciences
Chika Horikawa, Rei Otsuka, Yuki Kato, Yukiko Nishita, Chikako Tange, Tomohiro Rogi, Hiroshi Kawashima, Hiroshi Shibata, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata
It remains unclear whether n -3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) have a preventive effect on depression in the general population. This study investigated the longitudinal association between n -3 LCPUFA intake and depressive symptoms in community-dwelling Japanese participants. The participants were aged 40⁻79 years at baseline in the cohort study; wherein examinations; including the assessment of depressive symptoms and nutritional status; were biennially conducted from 1997 to 2012. The subjects ( n = 2335) who had a Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) score < 16 at the first examination and who participated in the follow-up study at least once were included in the analysis...
November 3, 2018: Nutrients
O N Onya, C Otorkpa
BACKGROUND: Depression is a chronic debilitating illness that is a component of the menopausal syndrome that adversely affects the quality of life of the sufferers and tremendously burdens their family and care givers. With the increase in average life expectancy, more women go through the postmenopausal phase for much longer and are therefore prone to the morbidity and complications of depressive illness associated with it. Certain biological and environmental factors influence the prevalence of depression among this cohort...
September 2018: West African Journal of Medicine
Carla Bertossi Urzua, Milagros A Ruiz, Andrzej Pajak, Magdalena Kozela, Ruzena Kubinova, Sofia Malyutina, Anne Peasey, Hynek Pikhart, Michael Marmot, Martin Bobak
BACKGROUND: Social cohesion has a potential protective effect against depression, but evidence for Central and Eastern Europe is lacking. We investigated the prospective association between social cohesion and elevated depressive symptoms in the Czech Republic, Russia and Poland, and assessed whether alcohol drinking and smoking mediated this association. METHODS: Cohort data from 15 438 older urban participants from the Health, Alcohol and Psychosocial factors In Eastern Europe project were analysed...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Emmanuel Wiernik, Guillaume Airagnes, Emeline Lequy, Ramchandar Gomajee, Maria Melchior, Anne-Laurence Le Faou, Frédéric Limosin, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins, Cédric Lemogne
AIMS: To examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between depressive symptoms and electronic cigarette (e-cig) use in a large population-based sample while taking into account smoking status and sociodemographic confounders. METHODS: Participants from the French Constances cohort were included from February 2012 to December 2016. Smoking status, e-cig use (never/ever/current) and nicotine concentration were self-reported. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale...
October 16, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
Jihyung Hong
This study examined the areas of life dissatisfaction and their relationships to depression at different life stages in men and women, independently of socio-demographic characteristics in South Korea. Data were taken from the 2016 Korea Welfare Panel Study. Depression was assessed using the 11-items of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and probable depression was defined as the CES-D-11 score of ≥9. Level of satisfaction was measured in seven different life domains (health, family income, residential environment, family relationship, occupation, social relationship and leisure activities) using a 5-point Likert scale...
October 20, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Lauren B Shomaker, Lauren Gulley, Allison M Hilkin, Emma Clark, Shelly Annameier, Sangeeta Rao, Bonny Rockette-Wagner, Andrea Kriska, Kenneth P Wright, Eric Stice, Kristen J Nadeau, Megan M Kelsey
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms often manifest in adolescence and predict worsening insulin sensitivity, a key precursor in the path to β-cell failure and type 2 diabetes (T2D). OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of a six-week cognitive-behavioral group versus six-week health education group for improving insulin sensitivity and preserving β-cell function in adolescent girls at-risk for T2D with depressive symptoms and evaluate mechanisms underlying the association between depression and insulin dynamics...
October 17, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Ina Fassbender, Birgit Leyendecker
This study analyzes the relation of socio-economic status and psychological well-being in a sample of 327 Turkish immigrant mothers in Germany. We assessed maternal psychological well-being with the CES-D-10, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, and selected items of the Hassles Scale referring to daily hassles. Mothers' SES was assessed by means of household income and maternal education. The sample has a predominantly low to very low household income. A cluster analysis on maternal education and household income identified three SES-groups: A low-income cluster, a low-education cluster, and a third cluster of mothers who were slightly more advantaged in terms of household income and education...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Irina I Oltean, Mark A Ferro
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to test whether elevated levels of depressive and anxiety symptoms affect parent-proxy reports of health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children with mental disorder. METHODS: A sample of 114 children, who screened positive for mental disorder using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview were studied. Parents' depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and anxiety symptoms using the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
October 16, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Nadine Hamieh, Pierre Meneton, Emmanuel Wiernik, Frederic Limosin, Marie Zins, Marcel Goldberg, Maria Melchior, Cedric Lemogne
BACKGROUND: Depression is an important risk factor of cardiovascular disease (CVD), a leading cause of death worldwide. One of the reasons underlying this association may be that depression modifies the association between treatable cardiovascular risk factors and cardiac events (angina pectoris or myocardial infarction). We tested this hypothesis in a cohort study of middle-aged men and women in France followed for 20 years. METHODS: 10,541 Gazel working men and women free of cardiovascular disease at baseline (1993) were followed-up over 20 years for validated incident cardiac events...
October 4, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Julia Goldman-Hasbun, Ekaterina Nosova, Kora DeBeck, Lucia Dahlby, Thomas Kerr
OBJECTIVE: Food insufficiency, defined by the experience of hunger, is known to be prevalent and a source of health-related harm among-street involved youth, but little is known about its relationship with depression in this population. Therefore, we sought to assess the association between food insufficiency and symptoms of depression among a cohort of street-involved youth. DESIGN: Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between food insufficiency, defined as being hungry but not having enough money to buy food, and depression as measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) scale...
October 11, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Ji Hyun Baek, Jeong Hyun Kim, Sohee Oh, Ju Young Kim, Soyoung Baik
OBJECTIVE: We developed a fully automated smartphone-based stress management application and explored its usability, potential feasibility, and preliminary efficacy for stress management in Korean employees. METHODS: Healthy employees working in large public enterprises were enrolled. Participants used our automated stress management application for four weeks. With the application, they monitored their stress level and life style factors. Personalized stress management techniques, including psychoeducation and cognitive behavioral technique, were also provided based on their stress level and lifestyle pattern...
October 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Diana A Chirinos, Jason C Ong, Luz M Garcini, Daisy Alvarado, Christopher Fagundes
OBJECTIVE: Spousal bereavement is linked to increased mortality and morbidity from inflammatory conditions. It also has a significant impact on sleep disturbances. Evidence from experimental studies indicates that chronic stress may prime individuals to have an exaggerated inflammatory response to acute stress. In this study, we examined the association between self-reported sleep disturbances and inflammation after adjusting for depressive symptoms, and determined whether this association varies by bereavement status (bereaved individuals vs...
October 8, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Liset E M Elstgeest, Elisa J de Koning, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Natasja M van Schoor, Benda W J H Penninx, Marjolein Visser
Objectives: Previous prospective studies on the association between vitamin D status and depression used a single 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) measurement. We investigated the association between change in serum 25(OH)D and parallel change in depressive symptoms over time in Dutch older adults. Design: A population-based, prospective study in two cohorts of older men and women from the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam. Methods: Serum 25(OH)D concentrations were determined at two time points: in 1995/1996 and 13 years later in the older cohort (aged 65–88y, n = 173) and in 2002/2003 and 6 years later in the younger cohort (55–65 years, n = 450)...
October 1, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
Jo Wrigglesworth, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Karen Ritchie, Joanne Ryan
A recent study reported for the first time, that DNA methylation of the KITLG gene mediates the association between childhood trauma and cortisol stress reactivity. Our study aimed to provide the first independent replication of these findings. ESPRIT is a prospective study of community-dwelling participants (age ≥ 65), randomly selected from the electoral rolls of the Montpellier district, in France. Clinical depression was assessed using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI, French version 5...
October 9, 2018: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
Joane Matta, Nicolas Hoertel, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Marie Plesz, Emmanuel Wiernik, Claire Carette, Sébastien Czernichow, Frédéric Limosin, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins, Cédric Lemogne
BACKGROUND: The association between depression and the metabolic syndrome remains poorly understood. Diet and physical activity may partly explain this association. METHODS: Baseline data on 64,861 subjects from the French population-based Constances cohort was analyzed. Depressive symptoms were determined with the Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. A CES-D score ≥ 19 combined with self-reported limitations related to depressive symptoms was used to define depression...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Julián Alfredo Fernández-Niño, Laura Juliana Bonilla-Tinoco, Claudia Iveth Astudillo-García, Edgar Fabián Manrique-Hernández, Vanesa Giraldo-Gartner
This study aims to estimate the relationship between employment status and depressive symptoms among Mexican adults, as well as to explore its differential effect by gender. Cross-sectional study of 36,516 adults between 20 and 59 years of age taken from the 2012 Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey. Depressive symptoms were evaluated using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the employment status was determined a week before the survey. Logistic regression models were stratified by gender and education level and adjusted by sociodemographic and health-related conditions to estimate the association between depressive symptoms and employment status...
September 21, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Esther Vermeulen, Anika Knüppel, Martin J Shipley, Ingeborg A Brouwer, Marjolein Visser, Tasnime Akbaraly, Eric J Brunner, Mary Nicolaou
Background: The consumption of unhealthy "Western" dietary patterns has been previously associated with depressive symptoms in different populations. Objective: We examined whether high-sugar and high-saturated-fat dietary patterns are associated with depressive symptoms over 5 y in a British cohort of men and women. Methods: We used data from the Whitehall II study in 5044 individuals (aged 35-55 y). Diet was assessed at phase 7 (2003-2004) using a validated food-frequency questionnaire...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
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