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Samantha K Henry, Merida M Grant, Karen L Cropsey
BACKGROUND: Screening instruments are urgently needed to rapidly and efficiently identify those in need of mental health treatment, particularly among underserved populations. Although designed initially for use in research, the CES-D has become a widely used clinical screening tool for the presence of major depression. Despite four decades and three major revisions to the DSM since the CES-D was first introduced, the cutoff score of 16 remains the marker by which individuals are assessed...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
I S M van der Wurff, C von Schacky, T Bergeland, R Leontjevas, M P Zeegers, P A Kirschner, R H M de Groot
PURPOSE: Depression is common in adolescents and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) are suggested to be associated with depression. However, research in adolescents is limited. Furthermore, self-esteem has never been studied in relation to LCPUFA. The objective here was to determine associations of depression and self-esteem with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), Omega-3 Index (O3I), n-6 docosapentaenoic acid (n-6 DPA, also called Osbond acid, ObA), n-3 docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), and arachidonic acid (AA) concentrations in blood of adolescents attending lower general secondary education (LGSE)...
March 16, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Belén López-Pérez, Catherine Deeprose, Yaniv Hanoch
Mental imagery is known to play a key role in the development and maintenance of depression and anxiety. Prisoners commonly experience psychological distress, but interventions to address this are currently lacking. We aimed to examine the link between prospective mental imagery and anxiety and depression among prisoners. One hundred twenty-three male prisoners from a Category C prison in southwest England participated in the study. They completed the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and the General Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7) to measure whether they experience depression and/or anxiety symptoms...
2018: PloS One
Hung-Hao Chang, Kannika Saeliw
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the association between eating out and depressive symptoms among elderly people. Potential mediators that may link to elderly eating out and depressive symptoms are also discussed. METHODS: A unique dataset of 1,184 individuals aged 65 and older was drawn from the National Health and Nutrition Survey in 2008 in Taiwan. A bivariate probit model and an instrumental variable probit model were estimated to account for correlated, unmeasured factors that may be associated with both the decision and frequency of eating out and depressive symptoms in the elderly...
June 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
Ryuji Furihata, Chisato Konno, Masahiro Suzuki, Sakae Takahashi, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Takashi Ohida, Makoto Uchiyama
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between unhealthy lifestyles factors and depressive symptoms among the general adult population in Japan. METHOD: Participants were randomly selected from the Japanese general adult population. Data from 2334 people aged 20 years or older were analyzed. This cross-sectional survey was conducted in August and September 2009. Participants completed a face-to-face interview about unhealthy lifestyle factors, including lack of exercise, skipping breakfast, a poorly balanced diet, snacking between meals, insufficient sleep, current smoking, alcohol drinking, and obesity...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate depressive symptoms and their association with sociodemographic factors, stressors and support, including childhood adversity, health status risk and behaviour in Indonesia. METHOD: In a cross-sectional national population survey in 2014-15 in Indonesia, 31442 adults (mean age 37.3 years, SD = 14.9, age range 15-101 years) responded to the Centers for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10) and various other measures...
March 7, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Christian Herder, Andreas Schmitt, Florian Budden, André Reimer, Bernhard Kulzer, Michael Roden, Thomas Haak, Norbert Hermanns
Subclinical inflammation has been implicated in the development of depression, a common comorbidity of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). This study aimed to characterise the relationships between biomarkers of inflammation and depressive symptoms in T1D and T2D. Biomarkers of inflammation were measured in serum of participants with elevated depressive symptoms and T1D (n = 389, mean age 38 years, diabetes duration 15 ± 11 years) or T2D (n = 204, mean age 56 years, diabetes duration 13 ± 8 years)...
March 9, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
Chunhua Ma
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study are to estimate the prevalence of depressive symptoms in older people with hypertension in rural areas of China and to clarify the predictors influencing depressive symptoms in these patients. BACKGROUND: Although many studies have described the prevalence of depressive symptoms in older people, these studies mainly focused on those in urban areas. Few studies explicitly clarify the depressive symptoms of older patients with hypertension in rural China...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Catherine L Tegeler, Lee Gerdes, Hossam A Shaltout, Jared F Cook, Sean L Simpson, Sung W Lee, Charles H Tegeler
BACKGROUND: Military-related post-traumatic stress (PTS) is associated with numerous symptom clusters and diminished autonomic cardiovascular regulation. High-resolution, relational, resonance-based, electroencephalic mirroring (HIRREM®) is a noninvasive, closed-loop, allostatic, acoustic stimulation neurotechnology that produces real-time translation of dominant brain frequencies into audible tones of variable pitch and timing to support the auto-calibration of neural oscillations. We report clinical, autonomic, and functional effects after the use of HIRREM® for symptoms of military-related PTS...
December 22, 2017: Military Medical Research
Musarrat Riaz, Nazish Imran, Asher Fawwad, Abdul Basit
Objective: To determine the frequency of depressive symptoms among young people with Type-I diabetes. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted at Baqai Institute of Diabetology & Endocrinology, Karachi, Pakistan from February to December 2015. All People aged between 12-20 years with Type-I diabetes for at least 1 year attending the OPD were included in the study. Information about participants' demographic characteristics, co morbidities and Complications, current treatment and medications were obtained...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Qiaohong Yang, Don Operario, Nickolas Zaller, Wen Huang, Yanyan Dong, Hongbo Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Among the dramatic increased internal migration in China in past three decades, a considerable proportion of young females migrated to urban areas and found employment in "entertainment venues", who may be vulnerable to psychological distress. This study examines the prevalence of depression and explores its associations with health-risk behaviors and social capital among this subgroup. METHODS: 358 female migrants were recruited from entertainment venues in a rapidly growing urban city in China...
2018: PloS One
Eun-Hye Heo, Kyeong-Sook Choi, Je-Chun Yu, Ji-Ae Nam
OBJECTIVE: The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is designed to measure the current level of depressive symptomatology in the general population. However, no review has examined whether the scale is reliable and valid among children and adolescents in Korea. The purpose of this study was to test whether the Korean form of the CES-D is valid in adolescents. METHODS: Data were obtained from 1,884 adolescents attending grades 1-3 in Korean middle schools...
February 2018: Psychiatry Investigation
Felix Bolinski, Annet Kleiboer, Eirini Karyotaki, Judith E Bosmans, Anna-Carlotta Zarski, Kiona K Weisel, David D Ebert, Corinna Jacobi, Pim Cuijpers, Heleen Riper
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common and co-morbid disorders that affect a significant proportion of students. Innovative prevention strategies targeting both conditions are needed to reduce their health burden and costs. ICare Prevent is such an innovative strategy and contains a transdiagnostic individually tailored Internet-based and mobile-supported intervention. It addresses common risk factors of depression and anxiety as part of a large EU-funded multi-country project* (ICare)...
February 20, 2018: Trials
Hitomi Suga, Keiko Asakura, Satomi Kobayashi, Masanori Nojima, Satoshi Sasaki
BACKGROUND: The intake of tryptophan, the precursor of serotonin, is assumed to affect serotonin availability and depression onset. Nevertheless, a definitive relationship between dietary tryptophan intake and depressive symptoms has not been established. We examined the association between tryptophan intake and depressive symptoms screened in a group of 4272 first-year female dietetic students and 3651 their mothers. METHODS: Dietary tryptophan intake during the preceding month was assessed with a validated, self-administered diet history questionnaire...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
Qianlan Yin, Zhilei Shang, Na Zhou, Lili Wu, Guangyu Liu, Xiaoqian Yu, Huaihui Zhang, Haidong Xue, Weizhi Liu
BACKGROUND: The term "loss-of-only-child family" means that the only child in a family passed away or is disabled due to an accident or other events. The parents who cannot conceive or do not adopt another child, are known as Shidu parents in China. This study compares the physical and mental health of Shidu parents with those parents who have not experienced such loss. METHODS: The target group is comprised of parents being Shidu for more than 1 year (N = 95) and the control group is comprised of parents with a living child (N = 97) from the same area as the Shidu parents...
February 12, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Nicole M Armstrong, Pamela J Surkan, Glenn J Treisman, Ned C Sacktor, Michael R Irwin, Linda A Teplin, Ron C Stall, Lisa P Jacobson, Alison G Abraham
OBJECTIVES: Center of Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) provides a snapshot of symptom severity at a single point in time. However, the best way of using CES-D to classify long-term depression is unclear. METHOD: To identify long-term depression among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected 50+ year-old men who have sex with men (MSM) with at least 5 years of follow-up, we compared sensitivities and specificities of CES-D-based metrics (baseline CES-D; four consecutive CES-Ds; group-based trajectory models) thresholded at 16 and 20 to a clinician's evaluation of depression phenotype based on all available data including CES-D history, depression treatment history, drug use history, HIV disease factors, and demographic characteristics...
February 9, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Kerrie Clover, Sylvie D Lambert, Christopher Oldmeadow, Benjamin Britton, Madeleine T King, Alex J Mitchell, Gregory Carter
PURPOSE: To assess the convergent validity of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) depression measures relative to legacy measures and criterion validity against a structured diagnostic interview for depression in an oncology sample. METHODS: 132 oncology/haematology outpatients completed the PROMIS Depression Computer Adaptive Test (PROMIS-D-CAT) and PROMIS Depression Short Form (PROMIS-D-SF) along with seven legacy measures: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI); Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D); Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale; Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; Patient Health Questionnaire; Distress Thermometer and PSYCH-6...
February 8, 2018: Quality of Life Research
Astrid Junge, Birgit Prinz
BACKGROUND: Information on the prevalence of mental health problems of elite athletes is inconclusive, most probably due to methodological limitations, such as low response rates, heterogeneous samples. AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of depression and anxiety symptoms in high-level female football players. METHODS: Female football players of 10 German first league (Bundesliga) and 7 lower league teams were asked to answer a questionnaire on players' characteristics, the Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and the Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale...
February 2, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Kathryn Elizabeth Hudson, Steven Paul Wolf, Gregory P Samsa, Arif H Kamal, Amy Pickar Abernethy, Thomas William LeBlanc
BACKGROUND: Little is known about quality of life (QOL), depression, and end-of-life (EOL) outcomes among hospitalized patients with advanced cancer. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the surprise question identifies inpatients with advanced cancer likely to have unmet palliative care needs. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study and long-term follow-up. SETTING/SUBJECTS: From 2008 to 2010, we enrolled 150 inpatients at Duke University with stage III/IV solid tumors or lymphoma/acute leukemia and whose physician would not be surprised if they died in less than one year...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
Shir Lerman, Molly Jung, Elva M Arredondo, Janice M Barnhart, Jianwen Cai, Sheila F Castañeda, Martha L Daviglus, Rebeca A Espinoza, Aida L Giachello, Kristine M Molina, Krista Perreira, Hugo Salgado, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Robert C Kaplan
OBJECTIVES: Religion plays an important role in the lives of people in the United States. We examined the prevalence of religiosity among Hispanic/Latinos in four regions of the United States and looked at its correlation to depression and anxiety symptoms. DESIGN: The population-based Hispanic Community Health Study/ Study of Latinos enrolled a cohort of Hispanic/Latino adults (N = 16,415) ages 18-74 in four US cities from June 2008 to June 2011. Participants with complete data on religiosity (i...
2018: PloS One
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