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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438513/rapid-response-impulsivity-predicts-depression-and-ptsd-symptomatology-at-1-year-follow-up-in-blast-exposed-service-members
#1
James M Bjork, Thomas K Burroughs, Laura M Franke, Treven C Pickett, Sade E Johns, F Gerard Moeller, William C Walker
OBJECTIVE: To determine if elevated rapid-response impulsivity following blast exposure (as a putative marker of ventral prefrontal cortex (vPFC) damage) is predictive of future elevated affective symptomatology in blast-exposed service members. DESIGN: Longitudinal design with neurocognitive testing at initial assessment and one-year follow-up assessment of psychiatric symptomatology by telephone interview. SETTING: Veterans Administration medical centers and post-deployment assessment centers at military bases...
April 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437765/suicidality-associated-with-ptsd-depression-and-disaster-recovery-status-among-adult-survivors-8-years-after-the-2008-wenchuan-earthquake-in-china
#2
Jing Guo, Huan He, Mingqi Fu, Ziqiang Han, Zhiyong Qu, Xiaohua Wang, Liding Guan
It has been eight years since the Wenchuan earthquake. We don't know how the lives of those affected by the disaster may remain blighted by its effects, or how many remain thus affected. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationship of disaster exposure, PTSD, depression and suicidal behaviors, using data from a cross-sectional survey conducted in earthquake-affected areas of China. 1369 participants were recruited from two different sites that were severely affected by the Wenchuan earthquake...
April 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433449/diabetes-depressive-symptoms-and-functional-disability-in-african-americans-the-jackson-heart-study
#3
Rita Rastogi Kalyani, Nan Ji, Mercedes Carnethon, Alain G Bertoni, Elizabeth Selvin, Edward W Gregg, Mario Sims, Sherita Hill Golden
AIMS: To investigate the degree to which comorbid depression contributes to the relationship of diabetes with functional disability in African Americans (AAs), a population at high-risk for complications. METHODS: We examined 2989 African Americans (AAs) in the Jackson Heart Study who had diabetes and depressive symptoms (CES-D) assessed at baseline. Overall functional disability was defined as the inability to perform at least one task of daily living. Multivariable logistic regression models explored the association of diabetes and depressive symptoms with functional disability...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431868/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-in-older-adults-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder
#4
Carl I Cohen, Aninditha Vengassery, Elena F Garcia Aracena
OBJECTIVES: Self-perceived quality of life (QOL) is an important outcome indicator in schizophrenia and a predictor of symptomatic and functional improvement. This study provides the first large scale longitudinal study of the fluctuations, predictors, and impact of QOL in older adults with schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SSD). METHODS: The sample consisted of 104 community-dwelling persons with SSD aged 55 and over (mean age: 61years) who developed the disorder prior to age 45...
March 7, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427439/prevalence-and-prognostic-implications-of-psychological-distress-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#5
Gun Min Kim, Seung Jun Kim, Su Kyung Song, Hye Ryun Kim, Beo Deul Kang, Sung Hoon Noh, Hyun Cheol Chung, Kyung Ran Kim, Sun Young Rha
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and prognostic significance of psychological distress in gastric cancer patients. METHODS: The study population included 229 gastric cancer patients visiting Yonsei Cancer Center between November 2009 and March 2011. The distress was measured by available tools including the Modified Distress Thermometer (MDT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402542/positive-affect-predicts-cerebral-glucose-metabolism-in-late-middle-aged-adults
#6
Christopher Nicholas, Siobhan M Hoscheidt, Lindsay R Clark, Annie M Racine, Sara E Berman, Rebecca L Koscik, N Maritza Dowling, Sanjay Asthana, Bradley T Christian, Mark A Sager, Sterling C Johnson
Positive affect is associated with a number of health benefits; however, few studies have examined the relationship between positive affect and cerebral glucose metabolism, a key energy source for neuronal function and a possible index of brain health. We sought to determine if positive affect was associated with cerebral glucose metabolism in late middle-aged adults (n =134). Participants completed the positive affect subscale of the Center for Epidemiological Studies of Depression Scale (CES-D) at two time points over a two-year period and underwent FDG-PET scanning...
April 11, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402524/the-effectiveness-of-an-intensive-interdisciplinary-pain-rehabilitation-program-in-the-treatment-of-post-laminectomy-syndrome-in-patients-who-have-failed-spinal-cord-stimulation
#7
Joshua C Bailey, Svetlana Kurklinsky, Christopher D Sletten, Michael D Osborne
Introduction.:  Post-laminectomy syndrome (PLS) patients who have previously undergone spinal cord stimulation and failed to have significant improvement create a unique challenge for ongoing pain management. We hypothesize that, following successful completion of intensive, interdisciplinary pain rehabilitation (IPR), this patient population can achieve a significant reduction in pain, improvement in mood, functional levels, and self-efficacy. Materials and methods...
April 11, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400146/comparison-of-four-brief-depression-screening-instruments-in-ovarian-cancer-patients-diagnostic-accuracy-using-traditional-versus-alternative-cutpoints
#8
Eileen H Shinn, Alan Valentine, George Baum, Cindy Carmack, Kelly Kilgore, Diane Bodurka, Karen Basen-Engquist
OBJECTIVES: We compared the diagnostic accuracy of 4 depression screening scales, using traditional and alternative scoring methods, to the gold standard Structured Clinical Interview-DSM IV major depressive episode (MDE) in ovarian cancer patients on active treatment. METHODS: At the beginning of a new chemotherapy regimen, ovarian cancer patients completed the following surveys on the same day: the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the Beck Depression Inventory Fast-Screen for Primary Care (BDI-FastScreen), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and a 1-item screener ("Are you depressed?")...
April 8, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391108/mitochondrial-genetic-haplogroups-and-depressive-symptoms-a-large-study-among-people-in-north-america
#9
Nicola Veronese, Brendon Stubbs, Marco Solmi, Alberto Vaona, Jacopo Demurtas, Andre F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi, Trevor Thompson, Mario Zoratti, Stefania Maggi
BACKGROUND: A possible relationship between mitochondrial haplogroups and psychiatric diseases (e.g. schizophrenia and bipolar disorder) has been postulated, but data regarding depression is still limited. We investigated whether any mitochondrial haplogroup carried a significant higher risk of depressive symptoms in a large prospective cohort of North American people included in the Osteoarthritis Initiative. METHODS: Cross sectional data was derived from the Osteoarthritis Initiative...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390440/prevalence-of-and-risk-factors-for-minor-and-major-depression-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-taiwan
#10
Chi-Shin Wu, Shu-Han Yu, Chun-Yi Lee, Han-Yun Tseng, Yen-Feng Chiu, Chao Agnes Hsiung
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to estimate prevalence rates and risk factors for late-life depression in a large nationwide representative sample from Taiwan. METHODS: A total of 5,664, randomly sampled individuals aged ≥55 years were enrolled. Clinically, relevant depressive symptoms were classified using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D score ≥16), and major depression was confirmed using the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders...
April 9, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388898/urinary-incontinence-mental-health-and-loneliness-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-ireland
#11
Andrew Stickley, Ziggi Ivan Santini, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is associated with worse health among older adults. Little is known however, about its relation with loneliness or the role of mental health in this association. This study examined these factors among older adults in Ireland. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 6903 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 50 collected in the first wave of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) in 2009-11. Information was obtained on the self-reported occurrence (yes/no) and severity (frequency/activity limitations) of UI in the past 12 months...
April 8, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384219/metabolically-healthy-obesity-and-depressive-symptoms-16-year-follow-up-of-the-gazel-cohort-study
#12
Guy-Marino Hinnouho, Archana Singh-Manoux, Alice Gueguen, Joane Matta, Cedric Lemogne, Marcel Goldberg, Marie Zins, Sébastien Czernichow
AIMS: The health correlates of the metabolically healthy obese (MHO) phenotype, particularly in relation to depressive symptoms remains unclear. Accordingly, we examined the risk of depressive symptoms in this phenotype using a 16-year follow-up prospective study. METHODS: A sample of 14 475 participants (75% men), aged 44-59 years in 1996, was drawn from the Gazel cohort. Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m2 and metabolic health as having none of the self-reported following cardiovascular risk factors: hypertension, type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381222/assessment-of-the-consequences-of-caregiving-in-psychosis-a-psychometric-comparison-of-the-zarit-burden-interview-zbi-and-the-involvement-evaluation-questionnaire-ieq
#13
Manuel Gonçalves-Pereira, Eduardo González-Fraile, Borja Santos-Zorrozúa, Manuel Martín-Carrasco, Paola Fernández-Catalina, Ana I Domínguez-Panchón, Paula Muñoz-Hermoso, Javier Ballesteros
BACKGROUND: The Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) was originally developed to assess the level of subjective burden in caregivers of people with dementia. The Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire (IEQ) is amongst the leading scales to assess caregiving consequences in severe mental illness. We aimed to compare the psychometric properties of the ZBI, a generic tool, and of the IEQ, a more specific tool to assess the consequences of caregiving in schizophrenia and related disorders. METHODS: Secondary analyses of a 16-week, randomized controlled trial of a psychoeducational intervention in 223 primary caregivers of patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder...
April 5, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381216/prevalence-and-related-factors-of-depressive-symptoms-in-hemodialysis-patients-in-northern-china
#14
Xiaodan Liu, Xiaoshi Yang, Li Yao, Quan Zhang, Da Sun, Xinwang Zhu, Tianhua Xu, Qiang Liu, Lining Wang
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms and to explore related factors of depressive symptoms in hemodialysis (HD) patients in northern China. METHODS: We used a cross-sectional research design to recruit 227 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients who were undergoing HD treatment in northern China during December, 2012 to March, 2013. The Chinese edition of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) was used to measure depressive symptoms...
April 5, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379837/tokophobia-fear-of-childbirth-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#15
Karin Demšar, Matija Svetina, Ivan Verdenik, Natasa Tul, Isaac Blickstein, Vislava Globevnik Velikonja
OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of and to determine the risk factors for developing a fear of childbirth (tokophobia). METHODS: We evaluated 191 pregnant women during Parenting and Childbirth Classes. Participants were approached when attending Parenting and Childbirth Classes between June 2014 and September 2014 and were asked to complete several questionnaires related to depression (CES-D), anxiety (STAI X1 and X2), satisfaction with life (SWLS), delivery expectation/experience (W-DEQ), and specific fears...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378748/obesity-and-depressive-symptoms-among-chinese-people-aged-45-and-over
#16
Jiahui Qian, Ningxiu Li, Xiaohui Ren
We examined the controversial relationship between obesity and depression among Chinese people aged 45 and over using data from the 2013 follow-up survey of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Depressive symptoms were measured using the CES-D 10; overweight and obesity were defined using WHO, Asian and Chinese criteria. The proportion of depressive symptoms was 19.9% and 33.2% in men and women, respectively. Depressive symptoms decreased as BMI increased in both men and women (P < 0...
April 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376850/depressive-symptoms-among-survivors-of-ebola-virus-disease-in-conakry-guinea-preliminary-results-of-the-postebogui-cohort
#17
Mamady Mory Keita, Bernard Taverne, Sékou Sy Savané, Laura March, Morifodé Doukoure, Mamadou Saliou Sow, Abdoulaye Touré, Jean François Etard, Moumié Barry, Eric Delaporte
BACKGROUND: The 2013-2016 West African Ebola outbreak infected 28,616 people and caused 11,310 deaths by 11 May 2016, across six countries. The outbreak has also resulted in the largest number of EVD survivors in history-over 17,000. Guinea was declared Ebola-free on 1 June 2016. Reports from the outbreak documented 3814 cases resulting in 2544 deaths and 1270 survivors. EVD survivors face various neuropsychological and psycho-affective alterations that have not been fully identified yet...
April 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376101/reduced-brain-activity-in-female-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-as-measured-by-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#18
Atsushi Takahashi, Soichi Kono, Akira Wada, Sachie Oshima, Kazumichi Abe, Hiromichi Imaizumi, Masashi Fujita, Manabu Hayashi, Ken Okai, Itaru Miura, Hirooki Yabe, Hiromasa Ohira
Patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have impaired health-related quality of life including physical and mental state. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is a useful tool for evaluation of brain activity and depressive state. This study aimed to determine the brain activity of female NAFLD patients using NIRS. Cerebral oxygenated hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) concentration during a verbal fluency task (VFT) was measured using NIRS in 24 female NAFLD patients and 15 female healthy controls. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) questionnaire was administered to both groups before NIRS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374419/the-acute-phase-mediator-serum-amyloid-a-is-associated-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-fatigue
#19
E Y Bryleva, S A Keaton, J Grit, Z Madaj, A Sauro-Nagendra, L Smart, S Halstead, E Achtyes, L Brundin
OBJECTIVE: Establish whether inflammatory biomarkers-serum amyloid A (SAA), C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-are related to key symptoms of depression, including anxiety and fatigue, in a cross-sectional, out-patient setting to identify biomarkers that reflect psychiatric symptomatology in a naturalistic, real-life population. METHODS: We measured SAA, CRP, IL-6, and TNF-α in plasma samples from 89 adult psychiatric out-patients by multiplex, high-sensitivity electrochemiluminescent assays...
May 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371529/socioeconomic-predictors-of-incident-depression-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#20
Natalie McCormick, Laura Trupin, Edward H Yelin, Patricia P Katz
Objective To assess different measures of socioeconomic status (SES) as predictors of incident depression among women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Data derive from the 2010-2015 waves of the Lupus Outcomes Study, where individuals with confirmed SLE were interviewed annually by telephone. Depression was assessed with the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), using a validated lupus-specific cutoff (≥23) for major depressive disorder. Women interviewed in ≥2 consecutive waves, with scores <23 in the first wave (T1), were included...
March 28, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
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