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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143399/buprenorphine-naloxone-treatment-responses-differ-between-young-adults-with-heroin-and-prescription-opioid-use-disorders
#1
Mauricio Romero-Gonzalez, Abtin Shahanaghi, Gregory J DiGirolamo, Gerardo Gonzalez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Opioid use disorder among young adults is rising sharply with an increase in morbidity and mortality. This study examined differences in treatment response to a fixed dose of buprenorphine-naloxone between heroin (HU) and prescriptions opioids (POU) users. METHODS: Eighty opioid dependent young adults (M = 22 years) were treated with buprenorphine-naloxone 16-4 mg/day for 8 weeks. Differences between HU (N = 17) and POU (N = 63) on changes in weekly opioid use, opioid craving, withdrawal, and depression symptoms were analyzed with mixed-effects regression models...
November 16, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132028/dna-methylation-and-genetic-variation-of-the-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-ace-in-depression
#2
Dilys Lam, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Karen Ritchie, Richard Saffery, Joanne Ryan
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most prevalent psychiatric disorders, and in older persons is associated with high levels of comorbidity and under-treatment. Dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) stress axis is consistently observed in the older population as well as depressed patients, with the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) a key regulator of the stress response. Epigenetic regulation of ACE may play an important role in HPA axis (dys)regulation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate ACE promoter methylation as a biomarker of late-life depression, and its association with genetic variation and cortisol secretion...
November 8, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130548/reliability-and-validity-of-the-arabic-ptsd-checklist-civilian-version-pcl-c-in-women-survivors-of-intimate-partner-violence
#3
Eman Alhalal, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Carol Wong, Fadia AlBuhairan
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) survivors are at high risk for developing posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), PTSD has been considered a disorder specific to Western culture. There is a lack of reliable and valid measures of PTSD symptomology available in the Arab world, and there is still no clear evidence about the underlying factor structure of PTSD symptomology in the context of IPV. Thus, in the present study we investigated the construct validity (factor structure), internal consistency, and concurrent validity of a translated version of the PTSD Checklist Civilian Version (PCL-C) in a sample of 299 Saudi women who had experienced IPV...
November 11, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121892/correlates-of-depressive-symptoms-in-late-middle-aged-taiwanese-women-findings-from-the-2009-taiwan-national-health-interview-survey
#4
Kun-Wei Tsai, Shih-Chun Lin, Malcolm Koo
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that depressive symptoms in middle-aged women were associated with a number of factors such as climacteric symptoms. Nevertheless, studies based on population-based data with a wide range of potential correlates are still scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the correlates of depressive symptoms in late middle-aged Taiwanese women using data from a nationally-representative, population-based survey. METHODS: Women aged 50...
November 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112588/trajectories-of-anxiety-and-depression-after-liver-transplantation-as-related-to-outcomes-during-2-year-follow-up-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Coby Annema, Gerda Drent, Petrie F Roodbol, Roy E Stewart, Herold J Metselaar, Bart van Hoek, Robert J Porte, Adelita V Ranchor
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether distinct trajectories of anxious and depressive symptoms are present among liver transplant recipients from before transplantation to two years afterwards; to identify associated demographic, clinical, and individual characteristics; and to examine the influence of distinct trajectories on outcomes. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter cohort study was performed among 153 liver transplant recipients. Data were retrieved using questionnaires administered before transplantation and at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after transplantation...
November 7, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108457/screening-for-depression-in-andean-latin-america-factor-structure-and-reliability-of-the-ces-d-short-form-and-the-phq-8-among-bolivian-public-hospital-patients
#6
Karolina Schantz, Chelsea Reighard, James E Aikens, Amparo Aruquipa, Bismark Pinto, Helen Valverde, John D Piette
Objective We assessed the validity and reliability of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D) short form and the Patient Health Questionnaire-8 (PHQ-8) (two measures of depressive symptoms) among urban, low-income patients from a heavily indigenous area of Andean Latin America. This is a patient population that is in many ways culturally distinct from the populations that have been included in previous Spanish language validation studies of these instruments. Methods We administered the CES-D Yale version short form and the PHQ-8 to 107 outpatients at public hospitals in La Paz and El Alto, Bolivia...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107881/increased-estrogen-level-can-be-associated-with-depression-in-males
#7
Daniela Stanikova, Tobias Luck, Yoon Ju Bae, Joachim Thiery, Uta Ceglarek, Christoph Engel, Cornelia Enzenbach, Kerstin Wirkner, Juraj Stanik, Juergen Kratzsch, Steffi G Riedel-Heller
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown a positive association between depression and obesity; however the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. It is not known if this association is driven by altered sex hormone levels in men due to increased BMI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from the LIFE-Adult-Study, a population-based cohort study. A total of 3925 men (2244<60years and 1681>60years) were included into analyses. Associations between BMI, sex hormones and depressive symptomatology according to CES-D score were evaluated...
November 2, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082357/examining-material-hardship-in-mothers-associations-of-diaper-need-and-food-insufficiency-with-maternal-depressive-symptoms
#8
Anna E Austin, Megan V Smith
Objectives: Material hardship represents a potential mechanism by which poverty influences the mental health of mothers. This study examined the association between two forms of material hardship, diaper need and food insufficiency, and maternal depressive symptoms. Methods: Data were from a cross-sectional study of 296 urban, pregnant or parenting, low-income women. A linear regression model was used to examine the association of maternal depressive symptoms, measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) score, with diaper need and food insufficiency, after adjustment for demographic factors...
2017: Health Equity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082262/vitamin-d-supplementation-improves-mood-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
Sue Penckofer, Mary Byrn, William Adams, Mary Ann Emanuele, Patricia Mumby, Joanne Kouba, Diane E Wallis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin D supplementation on improving mood (depression and anxiety) and health status (mental and physical) in women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Fifty women with T2DM and significant depressive symptomology were enrolled into the "Sunshine Study," where weekly vitamin D supplementation (ergocalciferol, 50,000 IU) was given to all participants for six months. The main outcomes included (1) depression (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression, CES-D, and Patient Health Questionnaire, PHQ-9), (2) anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety), and (3) health status (Short Form, SF-12)...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081878/depression-smoking-and-ego-centric-social-network-characteristics-in-ohio-appalachian-women
#10
Jeffrey Lam, Bo Lu, Nate Doogan, Tiffany Thomson, Amy Ferketich, Electra D Paskett, Mary Ellen Wewers
Depression is a serious, costly, and debilitating disorder that is understudied in rural women. Studies show that depression is associated with low social integration and support, but few studies investigate the relationship between depression and social network characteristics. This study examined the associations among women from three Ohio Appalachian counties enrolled in a health study, which aimed to collect information for a future social network smoking cessation intervention. An address-based sampling method was used to randomly select and recruit 404 women...
January 2017: Rural Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076031/impact-of-food-insecurity-on-depressive-symptoms-among-hiv-hcv-co-infected-people
#11
Wusiman Aibibula, Joseph Cox, Anne-Marie Hamelin, Erica E M Moodie, Ashley I Naimi, Taylor McLinden, Marina B Klein, Paul Brassard
Food insecurity (FI) is associated with depressive symptoms among HIV mono-infected people. Our objective was to examine to what extent this association holds among HIV-hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infected people. We used data from a prospective cohort study of HIV-HCV co-infected people in Canada. FI was measured using the ten-item adult scale of Health Canada's Household Food Security Survey Module and was classified into three categories: food secure, moderate FI, and severe FI. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10) and was classified into absence or presence of depressive symptoms...
October 26, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070270/prenatal-maternal-depression-related-to-allergic-rhinoconjunctivitis-in-the-first-5-years-of-life-in-children-of-the-eden-mother-child-cohort-study
#12
Cailiang Zhou, Gladys Ibanez, Vincent Miramont, Magali Steinecker, Nour Baiz, Soutrik Banerjee, Jocelyne Just, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Julie Chastang
Backgroud: Evidence about the relationship between prenatal maternal depression and the development of childhood asthma and allergies in early life is scarce. We aimed to examine this relationship by using data set of EDEN mother-child cohort study. A total of 1139 children were followed-up until the age of 5 years. METHODS: Prenatal maternal depression was self-reported by using the Centre for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale (CES-D) questionnaire and was classified into binary variable (maternal depression [CES-D score of ≥16] and no maternal depression [CES-D score of <16])...
October 1, 2017: Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070021/the-relationship-between-multiple-chronic-diseases-and-depressive-symptoms-among-middle-aged-and-elderly-populations-results-of-a-2009-korean-community-health-survey-of-156-747-participants
#13
JooYeon Seo, BoYoul Choi, Shinah Kim, HyeYoung Lee, DongHoon Oh
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between multiple chronic diseases and depressive symptoms in middle-aged and elderly populations. METHODS: This study was performed using the 2009 Korean Community Health Survey, which targeted adults over the age of 40 (N = 156,747 participants, 88,749 aged 40-59 years and 67,998 aged ≥60 years). The Korean version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-K) was used as the measurement tool for depressive symptoms (CES-D-K score over 16)...
October 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070016/investigating-the-epigenetic-profile-of-the-inflammatory-gene-il-6-in-late-life-depression
#14
Joanne Ryan, Lauren Pilkington, Katharina Neuhaus, Karen Ritchie, Marie-Laure Ancelin, Richard Saffery
BACKGROUND: It is well established that there is a link between inflammation and depression, with several studies reporting increased circulating levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-6 (IL6), in depressed individuals. Peripheral epigenetic marks, including DNA methylation, hold promise as biomarkers for a range of complex conditions, with potential to inform diagnosis and tailor interventions. The aim of this study was to determine whether individuals with depression display differential methylation of the IL6 gene promoter compared to individuals without depression...
October 25, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057632/effectiveness-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Oh Young Kwon, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim, Kun Woo Park
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Caregivers endure tremendous physical, emotional, and financial burdens while caring for people with dementia. The current study aimed to estimate the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for caregivers of people with dementia (CGPWD). METHODS: Studies in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and SCOPUS databases were screened. Studies with a randomized controlled design and which produced CBT outcomes for CGPWD were included in this study, and we investigated these outcomes...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053974/depression-as-seen-through-the-eyes-of-rural-chinese-women-implications-for-help-seeking-and-the-future-of-mental-health-care-in-china
#16
Peiyuan Qiu, Eric D Caine, Fengsu Hou, Catherine Cerulli, Marsha N Wittink
BACKGROUND: As part of a larger epidemiological study of depression among rural Chinese women, we sought to understand their explanatory models of depression. We explored how participants describe depression, to what cause they attribute depression, and what sources of treatment they would recommend. METHODS: Participants first were assessed with the Center for Epidemiological-Depression scale (CES-D), with a cut-point of 16 or greater indicative of depression. The Short Explanatory Model Interview (SEMI), a semi-structured questionnaire, was our primary tool for exploring participants' explanatory models relating to a vignette describing a rural Chinese woman with depression...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051985/insomnia-and-depression-risk-factors-for-development-of-depression-in-male-japanese-workers-during-2011-2013
#17
Naoko Nishitani, Yurika Kawasaki, Hisataka Sakakibara
OBJECTIVES: This 3-year cohort study was conducted to investigate the relation between insomnia and development of depression in male workers, and to clarify the association between the severity of insomnia and the onset of depression. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaire surveys on depression and insomnia were conducted on male workers for 3 years. Depression was assessed with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and insomnia was examined using the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS)...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048177/the-role-of-a-palliative-care-intervention-in-moderating-the-relationship-between-depression-and-survival-among-individuals-with-advanced-cancer
#18
Anna T Prescott, Jay G Hull, J Nicholas Dionne-Odom, Tor D Tosteson, Kathleen Doyle Lyons, Zhigang Li, Zhongze Li, Konstantin H Dragnev, Mark T Hegel, Karen E Steinhauser, Tim A Ahles, Marie A Bakitas
OBJECTIVE: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of early palliative care interventions in advanced cancer have positively impacted patient survival, yet the mechanisms remain unknown. This secondary analysis of 2 RCTs assessed whether an early palliative care intervention moderates the relationship between depressive symptoms and survival. METHOD: The relationships among mood, survival, and early palliative care intervention were studied among 529 advanced cancer patients who participated in 2 RCTs...
October 19, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045914/suicide-exposures-and-bereavement-among-american-adults-evidence-from-the-2016-general-social-survey
#19
William Feigelman, Julie Cerel, John L McIntosh, David Brent, Nina Gutin
BACKGROUND: We investigated lifetime suicide exposures and bereavement among a representative sample of American adults from the 2016 General Social Survey. METHODS: Questions on lifetime suicide exposures, bereavement and mental health status were administered to 1432 respondents. Suicide exposed and bereaved respondents were compared to non-exposed respondents on three different measures of mental health functioning with cross tabulations and means comparison tests...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038966/the-effect-of-a-behavioral-weight-loss-intervention-on-depressive-symptoms-among-latino-immigrants-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Sophia Colombari Figueroa, Randall S Stafford, Catherine A Heaney, Lisa G Rosas
Evidence of whether behavioral weight-loss interventions reduce depressive symptoms among Latino immigrants is limited. The effect of a behavioral weight-loss intervention on depressive symptoms was assessed using data from a clinical trial among Latino immigrants. Participants were randomized to a usual care (UC) control (n = 41), case management (CM) alone (n = 84), or CM with community health worker support (CM+CHW) (n = 82). Generalized estimating equation models were used to compare the impact of each intervention with UC...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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