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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107042/association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-morningness-eveningness-sleep-duration-and-rotating-shift-work-in-japanese-nurses
#1
Fumiharu Togo, Takahiro Yoshizaki, Taiki Komatsu
Higher depressive symptoms have been reported in rotating shift workers compared with day workers. Depressive symptoms in adults who do not engage in night work have also been shown to be associated with chronotype and sleep duration. This study examines associations between depressive symptoms, morningness-eveningness (i.e. the degree to which people prefer to be active in the morning or the evening), sleep duration and rotating shift work. Japanese nurses (1252 day workers and 1780 rotating shift workers, aged 20-59) were studied using a self-administered questionnaire...
January 20, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104602/happiness-rather-than-depression-is-associated-with-sexual-behaviour-in-partnered-older-adults
#2
Rosanne Freak-Poli, Gustavo De Castro Lima, Nese Direk, Loes Jaspers, Marian Pitts, Albert Hofman, Henning Tiemeier
BACKGROUND: the relation between positive psychological well-being (PPWB) and sexual behaviour is understudied in older adult groups. OBJECTIVE: to examine the relation between PPWB (positive affect and life satisfaction) and sexual behaviour (sexual activity and physical tenderness) in older adults, and whether it is independent from depressive symptoms and uniform across older age groups. DESIGN: cross-sectional. SETTING: community-dwelling adults aged 65 years or older, Rotterdam, The Netherlands...
October 25, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100388/-reliability-and-validity-of-depression-scales-of-chinese-version-a-systematic-review
#3
X Y Sun, Y X Li, C Q Yu, L M Li
Objective: Through systematically reviewing the reliability and validity of depression scales of Chinese version in adults in China to evaluate the psychometric properties of depression scales for different groups. Methods: Eligible studies published before 6 May 2016 were retrieved from the following database: CNKI, Wanfang, PubMed and Embase. The HSROC model of the diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) for Meta-analysis was used to calculate the pooled sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-9. Results: A total of 44 papers evaluating the performance of depression scales were included...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095209/psychological-factors-influence-the-overlap-syndrome-in-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-fgids-among-middle-aged-women-in-south-korea
#4
Seung-Ho Jang, Han-Seung Ryu, Suck-Chei Choi, Hye-Jin Lee, Sang-Yeol Lee
This study investigated psychological factors related to the overlap syndrome i.e., multiple gastrointestinal conditions that are part of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) in the same individual and potentially related to quality of life (QOL) among women aged 45-60 years (n = 627) in South Korea. The study was undertaken between July 2014 and March 2015. Depressive and anxiety symptoms were ascertained using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D) and Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), respectively...
January 17, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087796/prior-military-service-identity-stigma-and-mental-health-among-transgender-older-adults
#5
Charles P Hoy-Ellis, Chengshi Shiu, Kathleen M Sullivan, Hyun-Jun Kim, Allison M Sturges, Karen I Fredriksen-Goldsen
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Converging evidence from large community-based samples, Internet studies, and Veterans Health Administration data suggest that transgender adults have high rates of U.S. military service. However, little is known about the role of prior military service in their mental health later in life, particularly in relation to identity stigma. In this article, we examine relationships between prior military service, identity stigma, and mental health among transgender older adults...
February 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086898/the-intergenerational-production-of-depression-in-south-korea-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
B G Jeong, G Veenstra
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies have uncovered relationships between parental capital and the manifestation of depression in their children, little is known about the mechanisms that undergird the relationships. This study investigates the intergenerational effects of the cultural and economic capitals of South Korean parents on depressive symptoms in their adult children and the degree to which the capitals of the adult children explain them. METHODS: We employed nationally representative cross-sectional survey data from the 2006 Korea Welfare Panel Study...
January 13, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073465/-depression-in-relatives-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-8-month-longitudinal-outcome-of-profamille-program
#7
E Valladier, D Willard, L Romo, Y Hodé, Y Morvan
INTRODUCTION: Mental illness such as schizophrenia is a major public health concern. In France, the economic cost of schizophrenia represents 2 % of total medical expenditures. Schizophrenia has an impact on health and quality of life not only for patients but also for relatives. Family psychoeducation is a complementary therapeutic intervention to ordinary clinical care deigned to alleviate the burden of care among relatives of patients with schizophrenia. Literature suggests such programs including the patients' family members reduce the risk of relapse...
January 7, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070452/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-recurrence-of-depressive-symptoms-results-from-the-whitehall-ii-study
#8
Tasnime Akbaraly, Clarisse Kerlau, Marilyn Wyart, Nathalie Chevallier, Louise Ndiaye, Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Mika Kivimäki
There is a growing interest in understanding the role of inflammation in diet-depression relationship. The present study examined whether the dietary inflammatory index (DII, a measure of the inflammatory potential of individuals' diets) is associated with recurrent depressive symptoms (DepS) (CES-D score>16 or taking antidepressants both at baseline and follow-up) assessed over 5 years in middle-aged men (n=3178) and women (n=1068) from the Whitehall II Study. For each increment of 1 SD of DII score, odds of recurrent DepS increased by 66% (95 % CI:1...
November 2016: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068955/validation-of-the-10-item-centre-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-scale-ces-d-10-in-zulu-xhosa-and-afrikaans-populations-in-south-africa
#9
Emily Claire Baron, Thandi Davies, Crick Lund
BACKGROUND: The 10-item Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D-10) is a depression screening tool that has been used in the South African National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS), a national household panel study. This screening tool has not yet been validated in South Africa. This study aimed to establish the reliability and validity of the CES-D-10 in Zulu, Xhosa and Afrikaans. The CES-D-10's psychometric properties were also compared to the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), a depression screening tool already validated in South Africa...
January 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061004/objective-physical-and-mental-markers-of-self-reported-fatigue-in-women-undergoing-neo-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-early-stage-breast-cancer
#10
Joanne E Mortimer, Sarah Waliany, Christina M Dieli-Conwright, Sunita K Patel, Arti Hurria, Joseph Chao, Brian Tiep, Carolyn E Behrendt
BACKGROUND: Objective, treatment-independent markers of cancer-related fatigue are needed to advance clinical trials. In the current study, the authors evaluated physical, neurocognitive, and serologic markers for correlation with self-reported fatigue before and after (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with early-stage breast cancer. METHODS: Women with AJCC TNM Stage I-III breast cancer consented to assessment before and after the completion of 4 cycles of dose-dense doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide...
January 6, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041985/associations-between-inflammation-related-biomarkers-and-depressive-symptoms-in-individuals-with-recently-diagnosed-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes
#11
Christian Herder, Jan-Felix Fürstos, Bettina Nowotny, Alexander Begun, Klaus Strassburger, Karsten Müssig, Julia Szendroedi, Andrea Icks, Michael Roden
Depressive disorders represent a frequent comorbidity of both type 1 (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Inflammation-related processes have been implicated in the development of both diabetes and depression. This study aimed to investigate whether biomarkers of subclinical inflammation were associated with depressive symptoms in individuals with recently diagnosed diabetes and if such associations differed by diabetes type. This cross-sectional study was based on 295 individuals with T2D (67% men, mean age 53years) and 139 individuals with T1D (60% men, mean age 36years) of the German Diabetes Study...
December 29, 2016: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039796/vertex-wise-examination-of-depressive-symptom-dimensions-and-brain-volumes-in-older-adults
#12
Molly E McLaren, Sarah M Szymkowicz, Andrew O'Shea, Adam J Woods, Stephen D Anton, Vonetta M Dotson
Differences in brain volumes have commonly been reported in older adults with both subthreshold and major depression. Few studies have examined the association between specific symptom dimensions of depression and brain volumes. This study used vertex-wise analyses to examine the association between specific symptom dimensions of depression and brain volumes in older adults with subthreshold levels of depressive symptoms. Forty-three community-dwelling adults between the ages of 55 and 81 years underwent a structural Magnetic Resonance Imaging scan and completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)...
December 16, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027668/social-determinants-of-health-and-retention-in-hiv-care-in-a-clinical-cohort-in-ontario-canada
#13
Beth Rachlis, Ann N Burchell, Sandra Gardner, Lucia Light, Janet Raboud, Tony Antoniou, Jean Bacon, Anita Benoit, Curtis Cooper, Claire Kendall, Mona Loutfy, Wendy Wobeser, Frank McGee, Anita Rachlis, Sean B Rourke
: Continuous HIV care supports antiretroviral therapy initiation and adherence, and prolongs survival. We investigated the association of social determinants of health (SDH) and subsequent retention in HIV care in a clinical cohort in Ontario, Canada. The Ontario HIV Treatment Network Cohort Study is a multi-site cohort of patients at 10 HIV clinics. Data were collected from medical charts, interviews, and via record linkage with the provincial public health laboratory for viral load tests...
December 27, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025364/-managing-the-placebo-effect-the-single-blind-placebo-lead-in-response-in-two-pain-models
#14
R Norman Harden, Meryem Saracoglu, Sara Connolly, Amy Kirsling, Kelly Comstock, Katherine Khazey, Trevor Gerson, John Burns
OBJECTIVE: "Placebo effects" in analgesic medication trials for chronic pain are pervasive; however, little is known regarding mechanisms or factors that may influence the presence or magnitude of these effects. Our objective is to consider elements of the placebo response in the context of two pain models using a "single-blind placebo lead-in" design (SBPLI). METHODS: As part of two pilot drug trials using knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and non-radicular low back pain (LBP) subjects, SBPLI protocols were conducted...
December 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007088/maternal-depressive-symptoms-maternal-asthma-and-asthma-in-school-aged-children
#15
Brock H Medsker, Bronwyn K Brew, Erick Forno, Henrik Olsson, Cecilia Lundholm, Yueh-Ying Han, Edna Acosta-Pérez, Glorisa J Canino, Catarina Almqvist, Juan C Celedón
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the joint effects of maternal asthma and maternal depression on childhood asthma. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether maternal depression and maternal asthma lead to greater risk of childhood asthma than maternal asthma alone. METHODS: Cross-sectional studies of children (6-14 years old) in San Juan, Puerto Rico (n = 655) and Sweden (n = 6,887) were conducted. In Puerto Rico, maternal depressive symptoms were defined using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) questionnaire...
January 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006696/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-depression-among-adult-survivors-8-years-after-the-2008-wenchuan-earthquake-in-china
#16
Jing Guo, Huan He, Zhiyong Qu, Xiaohua Wang, Chengbin Liu
BACKGROUND: The Wenchuan earthquake was China's worst natural disaster of the past three decades. Although the psychological sequelae of disasters can last for many years, the long-term sequelae and their risk factors tend to receive little research attention. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study were to estimate the prevalences of symptomalogical PTSD and depression among survivors 8 years after the Wenchuan earthquake, and to identify the shared and unshared risk factors associated with PTSD and depression, using data from a cross-sectional survey...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003768/symptom-profiles-of-subsyndromal-depression-in-disease-clusters-of-diabetes-excess-weight-and-progressive-cerebrovascular-conditions-a-promising-new-type-of-finding-from-a-reliable-innovation-to-estimate-exhaustively-specified-multiple-indicators-multiple-causes
#17
Richard B Francoeur
Addressing subsyndromal depression in cerebrovascular conditions, diabetes, and obesity reduces morbidity and risk of major depression. However, depression may be masked because self-reported symptoms may not reveal dysphoric (sad) mood. In this study, the first wave (2,812 elders) from the New Haven Epidemiological Study of the Elderly (EPESE) was used. These population-weighted data combined a stratified, systematic, clustered random sample from independent residences and a census of senior housing. Physical conditions included progressive cerebrovascular disease (CVD; hypertension, silent CVD, stroke, and vascular cognitive impairment [VCI]) and co-occurring excess weight and/or diabetes...
2016: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002184/prevalence-and-predictors-of-hospitalizations-among-hiv-infected-and-at-risk-hiv-uninfected-women
#18
Anna L Hotton, Kathleen M Weber, Ronald C Hershow, Kathryn Anastos, Peter Bacchetti, Elizabeth T Golub, Deborah Gustafson, Alexandra M Levine, Mary Young, Mardge H Cohen
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the Veterans Aging Cohort Study (VACS) Index score, an index composed of age, CD4 count, viral load, hemoglobin, Hepatitis C (HCV) co-infection, Fibrosis Index-4 (FIB-4), and estimated glomerular filtration rate (EGFR), and psychosocial and clinical risk factors for all-cause hospitalization among HIV-infected women on HAART and HIV-uninfected women. METHODS: Data were collected from 2008 - 2014 from 1585 HAART-experienced HIV-infected and 692 uninfected women...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969029/evaluation-of-using-the-chinese-version-of-the-spirituality-index-of-well-being-siwb-scale-in-taiwanese-elders
#19
Yi-Hui Lee, Ali Salman
PURPOSE: Spirituality and spiritual well-being have emerged as important indicators for one's quality of life and health outcomes. Nursing as a profession is concerned with a holistic approach to improve health and overall well-being. To evaluate the outcomes of holistic nursing interventions, using valid and reliable instruments to assess spiritual well-being becomes necessary. There is a lack of instruments for measuring spiritual well-being in Chinese populations. Little has been known about the feasibility of using the Spirituality Index of Well-Being (SIWB) in Taiwanese elders...
November 2016: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968846/factors-associated-with-professionalism-in-chinese-medical-students-an-exploratory-cross-sectional-study
#20
Angela P Fan, Russell O Kosik, Guo-Tong Xu, Qiaoling Cai, Selina Lien, Lei Huang, Xudong Zhao, Xiaojie Zhang, Yuhwa Wang, Qi Chen
BACKGROUND: Professionalism is a central part of medical practice, and medical organisations worldwide have mandated training on this topic for future medical doctors. In China, national guidelines were developed to make explicit expectations that were once implicit. Medical education reform over the past decade has emphasised topics such as medical humanities, life-long learning, and patient-centered learning in an effort to increase the professionalism of future physicians. Although the importance of teaching professionalism has been well recognised, few studies have evaluated its implementation at Chinese medical schools...
October 2016: Lancet
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