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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922568/sex-differences-in-the-relationship-between-depressive-symptoms-and-actigraphic-assessments-of-sleep-and-rest-activity-rhythms-in-a-population-based-sample
#1
Kaitlin Hanley White, Meredith E Rumble, Ruth M Benca
OBJECTIVE: Depression is often associated with disruptions in sleep and circadian rhythms. We aimed to confirm these relationships via actigraphic assessment in a large, population-based sample, and test whether sex moderates these relationships. METHODS: 418 participants (age 35-85, mean 57.04, SD = 11.47) completed questionnaires and one week of actigraphy, used to calculate sleep and rest-activity statistics including mesor (mean activity level), amplitude (height of rhythm), and acrophase (time of day that rhythm peaks)...
December 2, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905918/decomposing-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-depressive-symptoms-among-the-elderly-in-china
#2
Yongjian Xu, Jinjuan Yang, Jianmin Gao, Zhongliang Zhou, Tao Zhang, Jianping Ren, Yanli Li, Yuyan Qian, Sha Lai, Gang Chen
BACKGROUND: Accelerated population ageing brings about unprecedented challenges to the health system in China. This study aimed to measure the prevalence and the income-related inequality of depressive symptoms, and also identify the determinants of depressive symptom inequality among the elderly in China. METHODS: Data were drawn from the second wave of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Depressive symptoms were assessed with a 10-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), which was preselected in CHARLS...
December 1, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903325/the-impact-of-offspring-marital-status-on-depressive-symptoms-of-parents-findings-from-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-aging
#3
Woorim Kim, Eun-Cheol Park, Kyu-Tae Han, Tae-Hoon Lee, Tae Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Noticeable demographic changes have taken place in South Korea, with the general marriage rate decreasing and the average first age at marriage and general divorce rate increasing. The shown trends have contributed to intergenerational discordance in the perception of familial values, which is important in addressing the psychological well-being of parents. This study aimed to investigate the association between the marital status of offspring aged 40 years and over and the depression levels of parents...
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902709/relationship-between-physical-disability-and-depression-by-gender-a-panel-regression-model
#4
Jin-Won Noh, Young Dae Kwon, Jumin Park, In-Hwan Oh, Jinseok Kim
BACKGROUND: Depression in persons with physical disabilities may be more common than in the general population. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between physical disability and depression by gender among adults, using a large, nationally representative sample. METHODS: This study used data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging, Wave one through four, and ran a series of random effect panel regression models to test the relationship between physical disability status and depression by gender...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900164/prevalence-of-depression-and-anxiety-in-top-level-male-and-female-football-players
#5
Astrid Junge, Nina Feddermann-Demont
BACKGROUND: Scientific studies on the prevalence of mental health problems in elite athletes are rare, and most have had considerable methodological limitations, such as low response rate and heterogeneous samples. AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence of depression and anxiety in top-level football players in comparison to the general population, and to analyse potential risk factors. METHODS: Players of all first league (FL) and of four U-21 football teams in Switzerland were asked to answer a questionnaire on player's characteristics, the Centre of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD-7) scale...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898070/lipids-lipoprotein-distribution-and-depressive-symptoms-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#6
K L Ong, M J Morris, R L McClelland, J Maniam, M A Allison, K-A Rye
Previous studies suggest lower concentrations of total and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol to be predictive of depression. We therefore investigated the relationship of lipids and lipoprotein distribution with elevated depressive symptoms (EDS) in healthy men and women from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Participants were followed up over a 9.5-year period. EDS were defined as a Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CES-D) score ⩾16 and/or use of antidepressant drugs...
November 29, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889110/psychological-distress-and-physical-disability-in-patients-sustaining-severe-injuries-in-road-traffic-crashes-results-from-a-one-year-cohort-study-from-three-european-countries
#7
Maria Papadakaki, Ottavia Eleonora Ferraro, Chiara Orsi, Dietmar Otte, Georgia Tzamalouka, Marco von-der-Geest, Timo Lajunen, Türker Özkan, Anna Morandi, Markos Sarris, George Pierrakos, Joannes Chliaoutakis
The current study aimed to follow-up a group of road crash survivors for one year and assesses the impact of injury on their psychological and physical condition. All crash survivors that were admitted to the intensive or sub-intensive care units of selected hospitals in Greece, Germany and Italy over one year period (2013-2014), were invited to participate in the study and were interviewed at three different time-points as follows: (a) at one month (baseline data), (b) at six months, and (c) at twelve months...
November 18, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887002/longitudinal-predictions-of-depression-symptoms-using-the-activation-and-avoidance-subscales-of-the-japanese-behavioral-activation-for-depression-scale-short-form
#8
Yusuke Shudo, Tatsuya Yamamoto, Makoto Sakai
The Behavioral Activation for Depression Scale-Short Form (BADS-SF) is a questionnaire containing two subscales: Activation and Avoidance and was developed to measure changes in client behavior over the course of behavioral activation therapy. This study examines whether the subscales of the Japanese BADS-SF predict the future development of depression. Japanese university students (N = 129) completed the BADS-SF and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) at the baseline and second test conducted eight weeks later, with no intervention in between...
November 24, 2016: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884181/prevalence-type-and-correlates-of-trauma-exposure-among-adolescent-men-and-women-in-soweto-south-africa-implications-for-hiv-prevention
#9
Kalysha Closson, Janan Janine Dietrich, Busi Nkala, Addy Musuku, Zishan Cui, Jason Chia, Glenda Gray, Nathan J Lachowsky, Robert S Hogg, Cari L Miller, Angela Kaida
BACKGROUND: Youth trauma exposure is associated with syndemic HIV risk. We measured lifetime prevalence, type, and correlates of trauma experience by gender among adolescents living in the HIV hyper-endemic setting of Soweto, South Africa. METHODS: Using data from the Botsha Bophelo Adolescent Health Survey (BBAHS), prevalence of "ever" experiencing a traumatic event among adolescents (aged 14-19) was assessed using a modified Traumatic Event Screening Inventory-Child (TESI-C) scale (19 items, study alpha = 0...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883167/frailty-is-a-geriatric-syndrome-characterized-by-multiple-impairments-a-comprehensive-approach-is-needed
#10
L-K Chen, A-C Hwang, L-K Liu, W-J Lee, L-N Peng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of frailty and the associated multimorbidity and functional impairments among community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly people in Taiwan. DESIGN: a cross-sectional study. SETTING: communities in I-Lan County of Taiwan. PARTICIPANTS: 1839 community-dwelling people aged 50 years and older. INTERVENTION: None. MEASUREMENTS: Frailty defined by Fried's criteria, Charlson's comorbidity index (CCI), Functional Autonomy Measurement System (SMAF), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Mini-Nutrition Assessment (MNA), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Short Form-12 quality of life questionnaire...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875579/wealth-and-disability-in-later-life-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing-elsa
#11
Juliana Lustosa Torres, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Michael Marmot, Cesar de Oliveira
We examined wealth inequalities in disability, taking into account the effect of both depression and social support among older English adults using data from 5,506 community-dwelling people aged 50 years and over from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). Disability was measured as self-reported limitations in the Basic Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL). Depressive symptomatology was measured using the 8-item Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872599/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-12-item-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale-among-blacks-and-whites
#12
Shervin Assari, Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh
BACKGROUND: The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale is one of the most widely used tools to measure depressive symptoms in epidemiological studies. Given the importance of cross-racial measurement equivalence of the CES-D scale for research, we performed confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of the 12-item CES-D in a nationally representative sample of Black and White adults in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL), 2001-2003...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870638/depressive-symptoms-are-associated-with-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-american-indians-findings-from-the-strong-heart-family-study
#13
Qi Zhao, Yun Zhu, Fawn Yeh, Jue Lin, Elisa T Lee, Shelley A Cole, Darren Calhoun, Jinying Zhao
Patients with depression have an increased risk for many aging-related disorders, but the biological mechanisms underlying this link remain to be determined. Here we examined the association between depressive symptoms and leukocyte telomere length (LTL), a marker of biological aging, among 2,175 American Indians participating in the Strong Heart Family Study. Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies of Depression Scale (CES-D), which was categorized into four levels: none (< 10), mild (10-15), moderate (16 -24), and severe (> 24)...
November 18, 2016: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866734/comparing-variability-severity-and-persistence-of-depressive-symptoms-as-predictors-of-future-stroke-risk
#14
Laura B Zahodne, Paola Gilsanz, M Maria Glymour, Laura E Gibbons, Paul Brewster, Jamie Hamilton, Jesse Mez, Jessica R Marden, Kwangsik Nho, Eric B Larson, Paul K Crane, Alden L Gross
OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies show that depressive symptoms measured at a single assessment predict greater future stroke risk. Longer-term symptom patterns, such as variability across repeated measures or worst symptom level, might better reflect adverse aspects of depression than a single measurement. This prospective study compared five approaches to operationalizing depressive symptoms at annual assessments as predictors of stroke incidence. DESIGN: Cohort followed for incident stroke over an average of 6...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862674/factors-associated-with-posttraumatic-growth-among-parents-of-children-with-cancer
#15
Nao Nakayama, Naoko Mori, Sae Ishimaru, Wataru Ohyama, Yuki Yuza, Takashi Kaneko, Eiichiro Kanda, Eisuke Matsushima
BACKGROUND: Parents of children with cancer are susceptible to psychological distress; however, many parents also report posttraumatic growth (PTG). The objective of this study was to explore the variables associated with PTG in parents of children with cancer who were either on treatment or off treatment. METHODS: One hundred and nineteen parents (71 mothers and 48 fathers) of children with cancer completed self-report questionnaires, including the PTG Inventory, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Impact of Event Scale-Revised...
November 8, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862646/a-randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-positive-affect-skills-intervention-lilac-for-women-with-metastatic-breast-cancer
#16
Elaine O Cheung, Michael A Cohn, Laura B Dunn, Michelle E Melisko, Stefana Morgan, Frank J Penedo, John M Salsman, Dianne M Shumay, Judith T Moskowitz
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a randomized pilot trial to examine the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a 5-week positive affect skills intervention (LILAC: Lessons in Linking Affect and Coping) for women with metastatic breast cancer. Additionally, we examined whether online delivery of the intervention would offer comparable benefits as in-person delivery. METHODS: Women with metastatic breast cancer (N = 39) were randomized to an in-person intervention, online intervention, or in-person attention-matched control...
November 16, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857009/-influences-of-oral-health-behaviors-depression-and-stress-on-periodontal-disease-in-pregnant-women
#17
Hae Jin Park, Hae Jung Lee, Soo Hyun Cho
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the influences of oral health behaviors, depression, and stress on periodontal disease in pregnant women. METHODS: The participants in this study were 129 pregnant women. Data were collected using questionnaires which included individual characteristics, oral health care behaviors, the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale (CES-D), a global measure of perceived stress, and pregnancy stress. A dentist measured periodontal probing depth and classified stages of periodontal disease according to the Community Periodontal Index (CPI)...
October 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845317/-the-possibility-of-using-standardized-self-report-anxiety-and-depression-scales-in-elderly-patients-depression-scales-questionnaires-in-elderly
#18
N N Ivanets, M A Kinkul'kina, T I Avdeeva, T A Izyumina
AIM: To study possibilities of using depression scales in elderly patients, evaluate the parameters of their reliability and validity and develop practical recommendations on the use of these scales in clinical practice. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 234 patients, aged over 50 years, with anxious depression. The following scales/questionnaires BDI, GDS-15, CES-D-10, CES-D-20, ZDS and HADS-D were used at baseline and 12 weeks after treatment. Data analysis included the calculation of convergent, discriminative and diagnostic validity of depression scales/questionnaires in elderly...
2016: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833238/screening-for-depression-among-community-dwelling-elders-usefulness-of-the-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale
#19
Sebind Kumar, Anisha Nakulan, Sumesh Purushothaman Thoppil, Rejani Parameshwaran Parassery, Shaji Sivaraman Kunnukattil
CONTEXT: Though common, depressive disorders often remain undetected in late life. AIM: To examine the usefulness of Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) for identifying depression among older people. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Community resident older people (aged 65 years or more), were evaluated by clinicians trained in psychiatry, as part of a cross-sectional study of late-life depression. Assessments were done in the community...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823717/later-sleep-schedule-and-depressive-symptoms-are-associated-with-usage-of-multiple-kinds-of-hypnotics
#20
Akiyoshi Shimura, Yoshikazu Takaesu, Sayaka Aritake, Kunihiro Futenma, Yoko Komada, Yuichi Inoue
OBJECTIVE: Usage of high doses of hypnotics possibly causes various adverse events. However, the risk factors of using multiple kinds of hypnotics have been inconclusive. To clarify this, we conducted a web-based cross-sectional questionnaire survey on the Japanese adult population. METHODS: A cross-sectional Internet-linked survey was conducted on 10,016 individuals and 1030 participants (10.3%) having subjective insomnia proceeded to subsequent analyses. The analyzed subjects were categorized into non-users of hypnotics (n = 833; 80...
September 2016: Sleep Medicine
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