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Sang Myung Woo, Mi Kyung Song, Meeyoung Lee, Jungnam Joo, Dae Hyun Kim, Jong-Heun Kim, Sung-Sik Han, Sang-Jae Park, Tae Hyun Kim, Woo Jin Lee
Background: The present study assessed whether early palliative care (EPC) targeting pain and depression and automated symptom monitoring could improve symptoms in patients with advanced pancreatobiliary cancer. Methods: Patients diagnosed with pathologically confirmed locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic or biliary tract cancer who had cancer-related pain (brief pain inventory (BPI) worst pain score >3) and/or depression (Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) >16) were randomized within 8 weeks after diagnosis to receive EPC or on-demand palliative care ( n = 144 each)...
January 11, 2019: Cancers
Christoph-Daniel Hohmann, Rainer Stange, Nico Steckhan, Sibylle Robens, Thomas Ostermann, Arion Paetow, Andreas Michalsen
BACKGROUND: Leech therapy has been found to be effective in the treatment of a number of chronic musculoskeletal pain syndromes. Leeches are also often used empirically to treat chronic low back pain, but data from clinical trials have been lacking to date. We therefore conducted the first randomized trial of leech therapy for chronic low back pain. METHODS: Patients with chronic low back pain were randomized to receive either a single session of local treatment with 4-7 leeches or four weekly sessions of exercise therapy (1 hour each) led by a physical therapist...
November 23, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Hyeonjin Song, Kevin James Lane, Honghyok Kim, Hyomi Kim, Garam Byun, Minh Le, Yongsoo Choi, Chan Ryul Park, Jong-Tae Lee
An increasing number of studies have suggested benefits of greenness exposure on mental health. We examined the association between urban greenness and depressive symptoms in adults in the general population living in the seven major cities in Korea ( N = 65,128). Using data from the Korean Community Health Survey 2009, depressive symptoms were measured on the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Greenness was assessed using Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and land-use data (forest area and forest volume)...
January 9, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Allison J Carroll, Mark D Huffman, Lihui Zhao, David R Jacobs, Jesse C Stewart, Catarina I Kiefe, Kiang Liu, Brian Hitsman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between 15-year trajectories of co-occurring depressive symptoms and smoking with biomarkers of cardiovascular disease at Year 15. METHODS: In the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, we modeled trajectories of depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression scale: CES-D) and smoking (cigarettes per day: CPD) among 3,614 adults followed from Year 0 (ages 18-30) through Year 15 (ages 33-45)...
January 8, 2019: Psychosomatic Medicine
Akiko Nanri, Takeshi Kochi, Masafumi Eguchi, Isamu Kabe, Tetsuya Mizoue
This study aimed to examine the cross-sectional association of demographic and lifestyle factors with serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) concentrations in a Japanese working population. Participants were 1678 men and 172 women aged 19-69 years who received health check-ups and participated in a nutrition and health survey. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated self-administered diet history questionnaire...
December 29, 2018: Psychiatry Research
M Ginieri-Coccossis, E Triantafillou, N Papanikolaou, R Baker, C Antoniou, S M Skevington, G N Christodoulou
This is a comparative study aiming to investigate quality of life (QoL) and depression in individuals diagnosed either with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), or genital warts (GW) and genital herpes (GH), in two healthcare settings, in the United Kingdom (UK) or in Greece (Gr). Using a matched-pairs design, two equalized patient samples with sexually transmitted infections (STI) were recruited: from UK (n=43) and from Greece (n=43). QoL was assessed with WHOQOL-HIV BREF for HIV patients and WHOQOL-STI BREF -a newly adapted instrument- for genital warts and genital herpes patients...
July 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
H Kahal, Es Kilpatrick, As Rigby, Am Coady, Sl Atkin
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with reduced quality of life (QoL), though the role of associated obesity is unclear. In this study we examined the effects of six months treatment with liraglutide, 1.8 mg od, on obesity, depression and QoL in young women with PCOS and obesity compared to age- and weight-matched controls. In a cross-sectional study, 36 women were recruited (19 PCOS, 17 controls), age 33.9 ± 6.7 vs. 33.5 ± 7.1 yr, and weight 102.1 ± 17.1 vs. 100.4 ± 15.1 kg, respectively...
January 1, 2019: Gynecological Endocrinology
Aneta Przepiorka, Agata Blachnio, Andrzej Cudo
With the increase in the popularity of the Internet, more and more of its users are becoming addicted to it. Special focus in this study is placed on adolescents and emerging adults who constitute the largest number of users in Poland. The participants in the study were 718 individuals aged 12 to 30 (M = 17.57, SD = 3.63). There were two groups: 390 adolescents (aged 12-17 years, M = 14.71 years, SD = 0.99; 192 females) and 328 emerging adults (aged 18-30 years, M = 20.96 years, SD = 2...
December 18, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Liset E M Elstgeest, Marjolein Visser, Brenda W J H Penninx, Marco Colpo, Stefania Bandinelli, Ingeborg A Brouwer
This study investigated bidirectional associations between intake of food groups and depressive symptoms in 1058 Italian participants (aged 20-102 years) of the Invecchiare in Chianti study. Dietary intake, assessed with a validated FFQ, and depressive symptoms, measured with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D), were assessed at baseline and after 3, 6 and 9 years. Associations of repeated measurements of intakes of thirteen food groups with 3-year changes in depressive symptoms, and vice versa, were analysed using linear mixed models and logistic generalised estimating equations...
December 27, 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
Alex Presciutti, Evie Sobczak, Jennifer A Sumner, David J Roh, Soojin Park, Jan Claassen, Ian Kronish, Sachin Agarwal
PURPOSE: To determine the association of depressive and PTSD symptoms with cardiac arrest survivors' long-term recovery perceptions, after accounting for cognitive status, functional independence, and medical comorbidities. METHODS: Perceived recovery of 78 cardiac arrest survivors at 6-months post-hospital discharge was assessed through the question, "Do you feel that you have made a complete recovery from your arrest?" Psychological symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale (CES-D) and the PTSD Checklist-Specific (PCLS)...
December 18, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Boram Lee
The author's purpose in this study was to establish the factor structure of the Korean version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale 10 (CES-D 10) by conducting confirmatory factor analysis based on preexisting models with a sample of Korean transnational mothers (referred to as "geese mothers"). Hundred and fifty-three Korean geese mothers in the USA and New Zealand completed the Korean version of the CES-D 10 questionnaire. The resulting data was subjected to confirmatory factor analysis, which tested three competing models...
December 20, 2018: Health Care for Women International
Akiko S Hosler, Jamie R Kammer, Xiao Cong
BACKGROUND: Discrimination experience is a stressor that may disproportionately affect the mental health of minority populations. AIMS: We examined the association between discrimination experience and depressive symptoms among four urban racial/ethnic groups. METHOD: Cross-sectional community-based health survey data for Black ( n = 434), Guyanese ( n = 180), Hispanic ( n = 173), and White ( n = 809) adults aged ⩾18 years were collected in Schenectady, New York, in 2013...
December 20, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Daisy Fancourt, Urszula Tymoszuk
BACKGROUND: There is a recognised need for the identification of factors that might be protective against the development of depression in older adults. Over the past decade, there has been growing research demonstrating the effects of cultural engagement (which combines a number of protective factors including social interaction, cognitive stimulation and gentle physical activity) on the treatment of depression, but as yet not on its prevention.AimsTo explore whether cultural engagement in older adults is associated with a reduced risk of developing depression over the following decade...
December 18, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Maria Papadakaki, Angelos Tsalkanis, Markos Sarris, George Pierrakos, Ottavia Eleonora Ferraro, Maria-Angeliki Stamouli, Chiara Orsi, Dietmar Otte, Georgia Tzamalouka, Timo Lajunen, Türker Özkan, Anna Morandi, Charalampos Gnardellis, Joannes Chliaoutakis
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to assess the physical, psychological, and economic burden shouldered by severely injured two-wheel users in three European countries as well as the cost resulting from their hospitalization. METHODS: A total of seven public hospitals were involved in three countries: Greece, Italy, and Germany. Participants enrolled during a 12-month period starting in April 2013. Eligibility criteria included an injury sustained at Road Traffic Crashes (RTC) irrespective of the type of vehicle, hospitalization 1 day in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) or sub-ICU, and age 18 years or over...
December 2018: Journal of Safety Research
Marie-Ève Clément, Véronique Menand, Geneviève Piché, Diane Dubeau
OBJECTIVES: In fathers, depression symptoms experienced during pregnancy and after childbirth represent a depression risk factor during the child first months. Since depression can have a huge impact on their subsequent involvement with the child, this issue is worrisome and requires consideration. Until now, however, few studies have dealt with paternal depression and its determinants beyond the perinatal period. METHOD: This study uses data from a representative provincial survey conducted with 1342 fathers of children aged 6 months to 17 years...
December 13, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
Anson B Rosenfeldt, Susan M Linder, Sara Davidson, Cynthia Clark, Nicole M Zimmerman, John J Lee, Jay L Alberts
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this project was to determine the effects of lower extremity aerobic exercise coupled with upper extremity repetitive task practice (RTP) on health related quality of life (HRQOL) and depressive symptomology in individuals with chronic stroke. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from two randomized controlled trials. SETTING: Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals (N=40) with chronic stroke...
December 10, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Xi Chen, Tianyu Wang, Susan H Busch
We estimate the impact of pension enrollment on mental well-being using China's New Rural Pension Scheme (NRPS), the largest existing pension program in the world. Since its launch in 2009, more than 400 million Chinese have enrolled in the NRPS. We first describe plausible pathways through which pension may affect mental health. We then use the national sample of China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) to examine the effect of pension enrollment on mental health, as measured by CES-D and self-reported depressive symptoms...
January 2019: Social Science & Medicine
Dimitra Latsou, Mary Geitona
Introduction: The financial crisis in Greece had its strongest impact on unemployment, which led to exacerbation of shrinking incomes and depression symptoms. Aim: To investigate the combined effects of unemployment and economic distress on the Greek population mental health in times of economic crisis. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Piraeus Manpower Employment Organization (OAED), during September-December 2017, with 21,600 unemployed people records...
October 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Aspasia Tzeletopoulou, Victoria Alikari, Sofia Zyga, Maria Tsironi, Maria Lavdaniti, Paraskevi Theofilou
Aim: This study aims to examine the possible relation between depression and burnout as predictors to aggressive behaviors among mental healthcare professionals. Methods: For the purposes of this study 72 mental health care professionals were recruited and were evaluated in three questionnaires which were provided to them online. Firstly regarding depression, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) was administered, secondly, concerning burnout, Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was applied and finally, regarding aggression, the Aggression Questionnaire (GAQ) was employed...
October 2018: Medical Archives
Peng Ouyang, Wenjun Sun
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate whether depression is associated with subsequent sleep duration among middle-aged and elderly people in China. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data were obtained from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Depression was evaluated from the 2011 baseline survey data using the Chinese version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D). All other data were extracted from CHARLS 2013 survey data...
November 29, 2018: Public Health
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