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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803082/addressing-patient-emotional-and-existential-needs-during-serious-illness-results-of-the-outlook-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Karen E Steinhauser, Stewart Alexander, Maren K Olsen, Karen M Stechuchak, Jennifer Zervakis, Natalie Ammarell, Ira Byock, James A Tulsky
CONTEXT: Few interventions exist to address patients' existential needs. OBJECTIVE: Determine whether an intervention to address seriously-ill patients' existential concerns improves preparation, completion (elements of quality-of-life at end-of-life) and reduces anxiety and depression. METHODS: A randomized control trial comparing: 1)Outlook intervention, 2)Relaxation meditation (RM); and 3)Usual care (UC). Measures included: primary - quality-of-life (QUAL-E) and secondary - FACT-G, anxiety (POMS), depression (CES-D), and spiritual well-being (FACIT-sp)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789727/food-based-diet-quality-score-in-relation-to-depressive-symptoms-in-young-and-middle-aged-japanese-women
#2
Hiroka Sakai, Kentaro Murakami, Satomi Kobayashi, Hitomi Suga, Satoshi Sasaki
Only a few studies have focused on the association between overall diet, rather than intakes of individual nutrients or foods, and depressive symptoms in Japanese. This cross-sectional study examined associations between a diet quality score and depressive symptoms in 3963 young (age 18 years) and 3833 middle-aged (mean age 47·9 (sd 4·2) years) Japanese women. Dietary information was collected using a diet history questionnaire. A previously developed diet quality score was computed mainly based on the Japanese Food Guide Spinning Top...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776349/lack-of-retirement-preparation-is-associated-with-increased-depressive-symptoms-in-the-elderly-findings-from-the-korean-retirement-and-income-panel-study
#3
Yeong Jun Ju, Woorim Kim, Sang Ah Lee, Joo Eun Lee, Hyojung Yoon, Eun Cheol Park
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between retirement preparation and depressive symptoms among Koreans 50 years of age or older. We used data from the 2009 to 2013 Korean Retirement and Income Panel Study (KReIS), which included data from the 365 baseline participants of 50 years of age or older. Our sample included only newly retired participants who worked in 2009, but had retired in the 2011 and 2013. To monitor the change in depressive symptoms according to retirement preparation, we used repeated measurement data...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767094/depressive-symptoms-and-length-of-u-s-residency-are-associated-with-obesity-among-low-income-latina-mothers-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#4
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Mary L Greaney, Sherrie F Wallington, Julie A Wright, Anne T Hunt
Latinos are the largest minority population group in the United States (U.S.), and low-income Latina women are at elevated risk of depression and obesity. Thus, the prevention of these two problems is a pressing public health concern in this population. Both depressive symptoms and obesity are modifiable factors that can be addressed by culturally relevant interventions. However, the association between depressive symptoms and obesity in Latina immigrant women is not well understood. Therefore, this cross-sectional study examined the association between depressive symptoms and obesity among Latina women of childbearing age (15-44)...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766315/physical-activity-and-school-absenteeism-due-to-illness-in-adolescents
#5
Renate de Groot, Martin van Dijk, Hans Savelberg, Frederik van Acker, Paul Kirschner
BACKGROUND: Knowledge about the beneficial role of physical activity (PA) for health and school performance is growing. Studies investigating the link between PA and school absenteeism due to illness are lacking. Therefore, we investigated associations between habitual PA and school absenteeism due to illness in adolescents and explored whether mental health and cardiovascular fitness mediated this association. METHODS: We studied 328 students in grades 7 and 9 (mean age 13...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766081/casual-effects-of-informal-care-and-health-on-falls-and-other-accidents-among-the-elderly-population-in-china
#6
Hong Wu, Naiji Lu, Chenguang Wang, Xinming Tu
PURPOSE: This article analyzes the causal effects of informal care, mental health, and physical health on falls and other accidents (e.g., traffic accidents) among elderly people. We also examine if there are heterogeneous impacts on elderly of different gender, urban status, and past accident history. METHODS: To purge potential reversal causal effects, e.g., past accidents induce more future informal care, we use two-stage least squares to identify the impacts...
August 1, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765709/prevalence-symptomatic-features-and-factors-associated-with-sleep-disturbance-insomnia-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
Hajime Narisawa, Yoko Komada, Takashi Miwa, Junpei Shikuma, Mamoru Sakurai, Masato Odawara, Yuichi Inoue
PURPOSE: To clarify the prevalence and symptomatic characteristics of sleep disturbance/insomnia among type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM) Japanese patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of Japanese patients with the disorder was conducted. Participants consisted of 622 type-2 DM patients (mean 56.1±9.56 years) and 622 sex- and age-matched controls. Participants' scores in the Japanese version of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-J), the Japanese version of the 12-item Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), the Medical Outcomes Study 8-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-8), and the glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) of type-2 DM patients were analyzed...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763704/lifetime-suicidal-attempts-and-current-suicidal-risk-in-aging-survivors-of-the-jeju-april-3-incident
#8
Young-Eun Jung, Moon-Doo Kim
BACKGROUND: The Jeju April 3 incident refer to a series of armed uprisings and counterinsurgency that occurred between 1948 and 1954 on Jeju Island, South Korea. These events resulted not only in an estimated 15,000-30,000 deaths but also in numerous casualties and the destruction of many villages on the island. We investigated the relationship between lifetime suicidal attempts, current suicidal risk, and exposure to the traumatic experiences associated with the Jeju April 3 incident...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762078/depression-and-its-correlates-among-brazilian-immigrants-in-massachusetts-usa
#9
Felippe Lazar-Neto, Andressa C Sposato Louzada, Ricardo Faé de Moura, Fernando Morelli Calixto, Marcia C Castro
The goal of this paper is to assess the frequency of depression symptoms among Brazilian immigrants living in Massachusetts, the second largest Brazilian immigrant population in the United States, and to identify correlates of depression. A convenience sample of Brazilian immigrants aged 18 or older residing in Massachusetts was used. Data were collected from December 2013 to March 2014, in the Consulate General of Brazil in Boston and in three religious events, using a structure questionnaire and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759275/factors-associated-with-depressive-symptoms-in-uncontrolled-asthmatics
#10
Rita Mangold, Gary A Salzman, Karen B Williams, Nicola A Hanania
RATIONALE: Recent epidemiological data indicate that approximately 6.7% of U.S. adults suffer from depression in any given year. The purpose of the study is to identify factors associated with depressive symptoms in a large diverse group of patients with poorly controlled asthma. The factors include quality of life, lung function, asthma knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, symptoms and control of disease. METHODS: Baseline characteristics of a cohort of 599 subjects with asthma recruited from twenty Asthma Clinical Research Centers across the U...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758322/smallest-detectable-change-and-test-retest-reliability-of-a-self-reported-outcome-measure-results-of-the-center-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-scale-general-self-efficacy-scale-and-12-item-general-health-questionnaire
#11
Shotaro Ohno, Kana Takahashi, Aimi Inoue, Koki Takada, Yoshiaki Ishihara, Masaru Tanigawa, Kazuki Hirao
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the smallest detectable change (SDC) and test-retest reliability of the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), and 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). METHOD: We tested 154 young adults at baseline and 2 weeks later. We calculated the intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) for test-retest reliability with a two-way random effects model for agreement...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748299/acculturation-strategies-and-symptoms-of-depression-the-mediators-of-atherosclerosis-in-south-asians-living-in-america-masala-study
#12
Belinda L Needham, Bhramar Mukherjee, Pramita Bagchi, Catherine Kim, Arnab Mukherjea, Namratha R Kandula, Alka M Kanaya
Using latent class analysis, we previously identified three acculturation strategies employed by South Asian immigrants in the US. Members of the Separation class showed a preference for South Asian culture over US culture, while members of the Assimilation class showed a preference for US culture, and those in the Integration class showed a similar preference for South Asian and US cultures. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between these acculturation strategies and symptoms of depression, a common yet underdiagnosed and undertreated mental disorder...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743355/rheumatoid-arthritis-and-sleep-quality
#13
Ana Claudia Janiszewski Goes, Larissa Aparecida Busatto Reis, Marilia Barreto G Silva, Barbara Stadler Kahlow, Thelma L Skare
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are common in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and contribute to loss of life quality. OBJECTIVE: To study associations of sleep quality with pain, depression and disease activity in RA. METHODS: This is a transversal observational study of 112 RA patients submitted to measurement of DAS-28, Epworth scale for daily sleepiness, index of sleep quality by Pittsburg index, risk of sleep apnea by the Berlin questionnaire and degree of depression by the CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale) questionnaire...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743249/caregiving-burden-and-depression-in-paid-caregivers-of-hospitalized-patients-a-pilot-study-in-china
#14
Yao-Dan Liang, Ya-Li Wang, Zhi Li, Li He, Ying Xu, Qing Zhang, Gui-Ying You, Xu-Hua Mi
BACKGROUND: Caregiving burden and depression in family caregivers have been investigated, but little is known about how they affect paid caregivers. The aim of this study was to investigate caregiving burden and depression in paid caregivers of hospitalized patients. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted in a tertiary referral hospital (Chengdu, China) that enrolled 108 paid caregivers who worked in the inpatient department. The Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale were incorporated into a self-developed questionnaire to gather demographic information on the following four aspects: general, work, income, and family...
July 25, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738292/u-shaped-relationship-between-depression-and-body-mass-index-in-the-korean-adults
#15
J-H Lee, S K Park, J-H Ryoo, C-M Oh, J-M Choi, R S McIntyre, R B Mansur, H Kim, S Hales, J Y Jung
BACKGROUND: Although a number of studies have examined the relationship between depression and obesity, it is still insufficient to establish the specific pattern of relationship between depression and body mass index (BMI) categories. Thus, this study was aimed to investigate the relationship between depression and BMI categories. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted for a cohort of 159,390 Korean based on Kangbuk Samsung Health Study (KSHS). Study participants were classified into 5 groups by Asian-specific cut-off of BMI (18...
June 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736103/what-impact-do-chaplains-have-a-pilot-study-of-spiritual-aim-for-advanced-cancer-patients-in-outpatient-palliative-care
#16
Allison Kestenbaum, Michele Shields, Jennifer James, Will Hocker, Stefana Morgan, Shweta Karve, Michael W Rabow, Laura B Dunn
CONTEXT: Spiritual care is integral to quality palliative care. Although chaplains are uniquely trained to provide spiritual care, studies evaluating chaplains' work in palliative care are scarce. OBJECTIVES: The goals of this pre-post study, conducted among patients with advanced cancer receiving outpatient palliative care, were to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of chaplain-delivered spiritual care, utilizing the Spiritual Assessment and Intervention Model ("Spiritual AIM"); and to gather pilot data on Spiritual AIM's effects on spiritual well-being, religious and cancer-specific coping, and physical and psychological symptoms...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733773/the-influence-of-black-identity-on-wellbeing-and-health-behaviors
#17
Fiona B Lewis, Marie-Claire Boutrin, Lisa Dalrymple, Lorna H McNeill
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of Black identity on wellbeing and health behaviors. METHODS: Data from the third year (wave) of a longitudinal cohort study (N = 1316) from a large, majority Black, Protestant church of 16,000 members located in Houston, Texas, were used to conduct secondary data analyses. Univariate analyses were used to obtain participants' sociodemographic and health characteristics. ANCOVA and linear regression analyses and Bonferroni adjustments were used to examine the influence of the centrality, public and private regard aspects of Black identity as measured by the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity subscales on wellbeing (CES-D scores and self-reported general health) and health behaviors (diet and physical activity levels)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733182/the-association-of-depressive-symptoms-with-rates-of-acute-exacerbations-in-patients-with-copd-results-from-a-3-year-longitudinal-follow-up-of-the-eclipse-cohort
#18
Abebaw Mengistu Yohannes, Hana Mülerová, Kim Lavoie, Jorgen Vestbo, Steve I Rennard, Emile Wouters, Nicola A Hanania
BACKGROUND: Depression increases disability and health care utilization in older patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES: To determine contribution of depressive symptoms to the incidence of moderate-severe and severe acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) over 3 years. DESIGN: We analyzed data collected from a prospective cohort of patients with COPD (Evaluation of COPD Longitudinally to Identify Predictive Surrogate Endpoints; ECLIPSE)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729011/iranian-brief-pain-inventory-validation-and-application-in-elderly-people-with-cancer-pain
#19
Mahtab Alizadeh-Khoei, Farshad Sharifi, Mohamad Esmaeil Akbari, Reza Fadayevatan, Marjan Haghi
CONTEXT: Cancer is a major health problem in the elderly, and pain is one of the most common symptoms among older patients with cancer. Sufficient pain treatments depend on the accuracy of the pain assessment tool. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Iranian version of the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI-IR) among elderly individuals with cancer. METHODS: This validation study was conducted with 368 people aged 60+ years old who were undergoing oncology treatments...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719421/lifelong-estradiol-exposure-and-risk-of-depressive-symptoms-during-the-transition-to-menopause-and-postmenopause
#20
Wendy K Marsh, Joyce T Bromberger, Sybil L Crawford, Katherine Leung, Howard M Kravitz, John F Randolph, Hadine Joffe, Claudio N Soares
OBJECTIVE: Depression risk increases during the menopausal transition (MT) and initial postmenopausal years-both times of significant fluctuations of estrogen. Research to date provides limited support for the hypothesis that estrogen fluctuations play a role in the greater susceptibility to midlife depression. Importantly, not all women report depressive symptoms during the MT, and recent reports suggest that duration of exposure to estradiol throughout the adult years may also play a role in vulnerability to depression...
July 17, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
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