keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nerve surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928887/lipopolysaccharide-mediated-inflammatory-priming-potentiates-painful-post-traumatic-trigeminal-neuropathy
#1
Yves Boucher, Nathan Moreau, Annie Mauborgne, Wisam Dieb
We explored the molecular and behavioral effects of a perineural Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated inflammatory priming on the development and maintenance of painful post-traumatic trigeminal neuropathy (PPTTN) following infra-orbital nerve chronic constriction injury (CCI-IoN) in rats. Rats were pretreated with repetitive perineural injections in the vicinity of the IoN of either LPS or vehicle (Vhcl) before being submitted to CCI-IoN. Orofacial pain-like behaviors (response to Von Frey Filament testing and spontaneous isolated face grooming) were measured during the period of LPS injections (three weeks) and following CCI-IoN surgery (two weeks)...
June 18, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928790/targeted-ablation-of-cardiac-sympathetic-neurons-attenuates-adverse-post-infarction-remodeling-and-left-ventricle-dysfunction
#2
Liang Xiong, Yu Liu, Mingmin Zhou, Guangji Wang, Dajun Quan, Wei Shuai, Caijie Shen, Bin Kong, Congxin Huang, He Huang
NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? In this study, we investigated whether targeted ablation of cardiac sympathetic neurons (TACSN) could suppress myocardial infarction-induced adverse cardiac remodeling and left ventricle dysfunction. What is the main finding and its importance? TACSN significantly alleviated sympathetic remodeling and neuroendocrine activation, attenuated cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, and improved the left ventricular function. Thus, TACSN may have a beneficial effect on adverse post-infarction remodeling and left ventricle dysfunction...
June 21, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928603/the-compression-of-l5-nerve-root-single-or-double-sites-radiographic-graded-signs-intra-operative-detect-technique-and-clinical-outcomes
#3
Ai-Min Wu, Kai Zhang, Xun-Lin Li, Xiao-Fei Cheng, Tang-Jun Zhou, Lin Du, Chen Chen, Hai-Jun Tian, Xiao-Jiang Sun, Chang-Qing Zhao, Yan Michael Li, Jie Zhao
Background: The L5 nerve root could be compressed at both L4-5 and L5-S1 regions. If L5 nerve root has confirmed compression at L4-5 level and questionable compression at L5-S1 foramina, performing both surgeries at L4-5 and L5-S1 levels may induce unnecessary extra surgery on L5-S1; however, ignoring foraminal stenosis of L5/S1 may require re-exploration. Methods: Two hundred seventeen patients with L5 nerve root compressed at L4-5 lateral access were performed with L4-5 decompression and interbody fusion...
May 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927421/-extended-endoscopic-endonasal-posterior-transclival-approach-to-tumors-of-the-clival-region-and-ventral-posterior-cranial-fossa-part-3-analysis-of-surgical-treatment-outcomes-in-127-patients
#4
A N Shkarubo, K V Koval', B A Kadashev, D N Andreev, I V Chernov
Until recently, tumors of the clival region and ventral posterior cranial fossa were considered hard-to-reach and often inoperable via standard transcranial approaches. The introduction of minimally invasive methods combined with the endoscopic technique into neurosurgical practice has enabled removal of hard-to-reach tumors, including midline tumors of the ventral posterior cranial fossa. OBJECTIVE: To improve and introduce the extended endoscopic endonasal posterior (transclival) approach into clinical practice and to analyze the results of its application in surgical treatment of midline skull base tumors extending into the ventral posterior cranial fossa...
2018: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925724/influence-of-regional-anesthesia-on-the-rate-of-chronic-postthoracotomy-pain-syndrome-in-lung-cancer-patients
#5
Victoria Khoronenko, Danil Baskakov, Marc Leone, Anna Malanova, Andrey Ryabov, Oleg Pikin, Maksim Golovashchenko
PURPOSE: Our study aimed to assess whether the type of regional anesthesia influenced the incidence of chronic postthoracotomy pain syndrome (CPTPS). METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized study that included 300 patients undergoing lung cancer resection using thoracotomy. They were randomized into three groups: paravertebral nerve block (PVB), thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA), and intercostal nerve block (INB). General anesthesia was similar in the groups...
June 20, 2018: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925720/clinical-features-and-surgical-treatment-of-superficial-peroneal-nerve-entrapment-neuropathy
#6
Juntaro Matsumoto, Toyohiko Isu, Kyongsong Kim, Naotaka Iwamoto, Kazuyoshi Yamazaki, Masanori Isobe
Superficial peroneal nerve (S-PN) entrapment neuropathy (S-PNEN) is comparatively rare and may be an elusive clinical entity. There is yet no established surgical procedure to treat idiopathic S-PNEN. We report our surgical treatment and clinical outcomes. We surgically treated 5 patients (6 sites) with S-PNEN. The 2 men and 3 women ranged in age from 67 to 91 years; one patient presented with bilateral leg involvement. Mean post-operative follow-up was 25.3 months. We recorded their symptoms before- and at the latest follow-up visit after surgery using a Numerical Rating Scale and the Japan Orthopedic Association score to evaluate the affected area...
June 20, 2018: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925316/propofol-attenuates-the-increase-of-sonographic-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-during-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Jihion Yu, Jun Hyuk Hong, Jun-Young Park, Jai-Hyun Hwang, Seong-Sik Cho, Young-Kug Kim
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) requires pneumoperitoneum and the Trendelenburg position to optimize surgical exposure, which can increase intracranial pressure (ICP). Anesthetic agents also influence ICP. We compared the effects of propofol and sevoflurane on sonographic optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) as a surrogate for ICP in prostate cancer patients who underwent RALP. METHODS: Thirty-six patients were randomly allocated to groups receiving propofol (propofol group, n = 18) or sevoflurane (sevoflurane group, n = 18) anesthesia...
June 20, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925158/-risk-factors-and-preoperative-evaluation-of-lymph-nodes-posterior-to-right-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-metastasis-in-thyroid-papillary-carcinoma
#8
T Zhang, Y Qu, L He, L Shao, D L Zhang, C Z Lü, P Zhang, H Zhang
Objective: To investigate the risk factors and preoperative evaluation of lymph nodes posterior to right recurrent laryngeal nerve (LN-prRLN) metastasis in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: Clinical data of 301 patients with right or double lobes who underwent surgery between August 2015 and October 2016 in the Department of Thyroid Surgery, the First Hospital of China Medical University, were retrospectively analyzed. The relationships between LN-prRLN metastasis and clinical pathology data and other factors were analyzed...
June 12, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924764/complications-after-superficial-parotidectomy-for-pleomorphic-adenoma
#9
P Infante-Cossio, E Gonzalez-Cardero, A Garcia-Perla-Garcia, E Montes-Latorre, J-L Gutierrez-Perez, E Prats-Golczer
BACKGROUND: The significance of complications after superficial parotidectomy remains unclear, since prospective studies are lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate facial nerve dysfunction and other postoperative complications after superficial parotidectomy for pleomorphic adenoma of the superficial lobe and to identify the associated risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective and descriptive clinical study on 79 patients undergoing formal superficial parotidectomy with the modified facelift incision, dissection of the facial nerve and reconstruction with the superficial musculoaponeurotic system flap...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923985/tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-caused-by-an-uncommon-ossicle-of-the-talus-a-case-report
#10
Chang Hwa Hong, Young Koo Lee, Sung Hun Won, Dhong Won Lee, Sang Il Moon, Woo Jong Kim
RATIONALE: Tarsal tunnel syndrome (TTS) is a compressive neuropathy of the posterior tibial nerve or one of its branches within the tarsal tunnel that is often caused by a variety of space-occupying lesions, such as ganglia, lipomas, varicosities, neural tumors, trauma, or systemic disease. The os sustentaculi is a small accessory bone, bridged to the posterior aspect of the sustentaculum tali by fibrocartilage. To the best of our knowledge, this is a rare case of successful treatment of TTS caused by the os sustantaculi...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923980/thoracolumbar-traumatic-nucleus-pulposus-sequestration-combined-with-a-slight-flexion-distraction-fracture-a-rare-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Ruofeng Yin, Pengyu Chang, Qingsan Zhu, Fei Cheng, Baolin Zhao, Rui Gu, Bo-Yin Zhang
RATIONALE: Traumatic nucleus pulposus sequestration (TNPS) usually occurs concurrently with severe destruction of bone. TNPS combined with a slight thoracolumbar flexion- distraction fracture, triggering a disastrous nerve injury, has rarely been reported. Due to the atypical radiologic manifestations, such a patient can easily be overlooked. PATIENT CONCERNS: Hereby, we present a TNPS patient as well as a slight thoracolumbar flexion-distraction fracture and serious neurologic symptoms...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923955/lipid-emulsion-pretreatment-decreased-the-maximum-total-and-free-plasma-concentration-of-levobupivacaine-for-femoral-and-sciatic-nerve-block-in-below-knee-fracture-surgery
#12
Ying Chen, Jian Zhang, Zhe Chen, Quanguang Wang, Bing Li, Rujing Lai, Xuzhong Xu, Zhifang Cao, Lizhen Yu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although intravenous lipid emulsion has been proved a powerful antidote for local anesthetic toxicity, there are few pharmacokinetic data on using lipid infusion as a pretreatment for other clinical applications. We assessed the influence of lipid pretreatment on the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of levobupivacaine. METHODS: Altogether, 12 patients undergoing below-knee surgery for a fracture were randomly assigned to 2 groups (6 patients per group): pretreatment with 1...
June 19, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923950/ultrasound-guided-infraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-prospective-randomized-comparison-of-the-lateral-sagittal-and-costoclavicular-approach
#13
Banchobporn Songthamwat, Manoj Kumar Karmakar, Jia Wei Li, Winnie Samy, Louis Y H Mok
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It has recently been proposed that an infraclavicular brachial plexus block (BPB) at the costoclavicular (CC) space may overcome some of the limitations of the lateral sagittal (LS) approach. In this study, we hypothesized that the CC approach will produce faster onset of sensory blockade of the 4 major terminal nerves of the brachial plexus than the LS approach. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing elective upper extremity surgery under a BPB were randomized to receive either the LS (Gp-LS, n = 20) or CC approach (Gp-CC, n = 20) for infraclavicular BPB...
June 19, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922989/-tips-and-technical-issues-for-performing-transoral-endoscopic-thyroidectomy-with-vestibular-approach-toetva-a-novel-scarless-technique-for-neck-surgery
#14
REVIEW
R Zorron, C Bures, A Brandl, P Seika, V Müller, M Alkhazraji, J Pratschke, M Mogl
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, minimally invasive thyroid and parathyroid gland resections for both benign and malignant tumors are rarely performed. Recently, promising new endoscopic transoral approaches to the anterior neck have been described with good results and few complications. This study describes the first clinical series in Germany using transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy-vestibular approach (TOETVA) and identifies technical issues and solutions. METHODS: The technique is indicated for hemithyroidectomy in patients without pre-existing neck operations...
June 19, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922745/first-in-human-randomized-clinical-trials-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-tanezumab-for-treatment-of-chronic-knee-osteoarthritis-pain-or-acute-bunionectomy-pain
#15
Patricia A Walicke, Franz Hefti, Roxanne Bales, Shiao-Ping Lu, Jon L Ruckle, Mark T Brown, Christine R West, David L Shelton
Introduction: The neurotrophin nerve growth factor has a demonstrated role in pain transduction and pathophysiology. Objectives: Two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 1 studies were conducted to evaluate safety, tolerability, and analgesic efficacy of single doses of tanezumab, a humanized anti-nerve growth factor monoclonal antibody, in chronic or acute pain. Methods: In the first study (CL001), patients with moderate to severe pain from osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee received a single intravenous infusion of tanezumab (3-1000 μg/kg) or placebo in a dose-escalation (part 1; N = 42) or parallel-arm (part 2; N = 79) study design...
May 2018: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922555/does-sensory-retraining-improve-subjective-rating-of-sensory-impairment-after-bilateral-sagittal-split-osteotomy
#16
Yea-Ling Yang, Ellen Wen-Ching Ko, Yu-Ray Chen, Chiung Shing Huang
Background: Sensory retraining could ameliorate neurosensory disturbance (NSD) resulting from the injury of the inferior alveolar nerve after a bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO). The aim of this study was to measure the effects of sensory retraining on NSD. Methods: A randomized, prospective, single-blinded clinical trial was conducted on consecutive patients with NSD resulting from a BSSO to correct skeletal class III malocclusion. The outcome measurement of sensory recovery was performed using a patient-centered survey assessed by the total score of questionnaire (TSQ) and visual analogue scale (VAS) at preoperation (T0), 1 week after surgery (T1), each month from 1 to 6 months after surgery (T2-T7), and 1 year after surgery (T8)...
May 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921751/thoracic-outlet-syndrome-biomechanical-and-exercise-considerations
#17
REVIEW
Nicholas A Levine, Brandon R Rigby
Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) describes a group of disorders that are due to a dynamic compression of blood vessels or nerves, between the clavicle and first rib or cervical vertebral nerve roots. Individuals with TOS typically experience upper limb pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness that is exacerbated by shoulder or neck movement. The causes of TOS vary, and can include abrupt movements, hypertrophy of the neck musculature, and anatomical variations in which the brachial plexus roots pass through this musculature, edema, pregnancy, repeated overhead motions, the blockage of an artery or vein, or abnormal posture...
June 19, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921534/beagle-sciatic-nerve-regeneration-across-a-30-mm-defect-bridged-by-chitosan-pga-artificial-nerve-grafts
#18
Ye Peng, Kai-Yuan Li, Yu-Fei Chen, Xiao-Jie Li, Shu Zhu, Zheng-Yu Zhang, Xiao Wang, Li-Na Duan, Zhuo-Jing Luo, Jun-Jie Du, Jian-Chang Wang
Longitudinally oriented microstructures are essential for a nerve scaffold to promote the significant regeneration of injured peripheral axons across nerve gaps. In the current study, we present a novel nerve-guiding collagen-chitosan (CCH) scaffold that facilitated the repair of 30 mm-long sciatic nerve defects in beagles. The CCH scaffolds were observed with a scanning electron microscope. Eighteen beagles were equally divided into CCH group, autograft group and non-graft group. The posture and gait of each dog was recorded at 12 and 24 weeks after surgery...
March 22, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29920914/robot-assisted-percutaneous-screw-placement-combined-with-pelvic-internal-fixator-for-minimally-invasive-treatment-of-unstable-pelvic-ring-fractures
#19
Hua-Shui Liu, Sheng-Jun Duan, Shi-Dong Liu, Feng-Shuang Jia, Li-Ming Zhu, Min-Cen Liu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of the combination of robot-assisted percutaneous screw placement and pelvic internal fixator (INFIX) for minimally invasive treatment of unstable anterior and posterior pelvic ring injuries. METHODS: From September 2016 to June 2017, twenty-four patients with unstable anterior and posterior pelvic ring injuries were treated with TiRobot-assisted percutaneous sacroiliac cannulated screw fixation on the posterior pelvic ring combined with robot-assisted pedicle screw placement in the anterior inferior iliac spine along with INFIX on the anterior pelvic ring...
June 19, 2018: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29916727/geometric-distortion-of-panoramic-reconstruction-in-third-molar-tilting-assessments-a-comprehensive-evaluation
#20
Saturnino Marco Lupi, Pietro Galinetto, Matteo Cislaghi, Arianna Rodriguez Y Baena, Andrea Scribante, Ruggero Rodriguez Y Baena
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the geometric distortion of tilting of mandibular third molars with respect to second molars on panoramic reconstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) reconstructions of 160 third molars, obtained due to an indication of risk of inferior alveolar nerve damage during surgery, were used. CBCT-reconstructed panoramic images were used as bi-dimensional images, to avoid distortions other than geometric distortions...
June 19, 2018: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
keyword
keyword
10870
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"