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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922972/idiopathic-synkinesis-of-the-facial-musculature-oculo-nasal-oculo-zygomatic-and-fronto-nasal-synkinesis
#1
Sujin Bahk, SeungHwan Hwang, SuRak Eo
Facial synkinesis is the simultaneous contraction of the certain facial musculature accompanying a motion of designated muscle in the face. With the exception of rare afflictions that are congenital in origin, most patients develop as a sequel to facial nerve paralysis due to trauma, tumor, and surgical injury. As an idiopathic congenital form, oculo-nasal synkinesis which reveals co-contraction of orbicularis oculi and the compressor narium minor muscles which are innervated by separate branches of the facial nerve have been already reported...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922488/intraoperative-assessment-of-facial-nerve-trunk-width-in-early-childhood-with-cervicofacial-lymphatic-malformation
#2
Ara Kim, Jeong-Meen Seo, So Young Lim
BACKGROUND: Facial nerve damage during head and neck surgery has long been an important issue. However, few publications on the gross anatomy of the facial nerve are available in the young population. The aim of this study was to provide in vivo measurements of the facial nerve trunk during lymphatic malformation (LM) resection and to determine the association between the trunk width and patient- and disease-related variables. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 11 consecutive pediatric patients (11 facial nerve trunks) who underwent cervicofacial LM resection...
December 2, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921449/reduction-mammaplasty-with-the-modified-round-block-technique-in-chinese-patients-and-its-anatomy-study
#3
Wei Ding, Yinjia Ding, Hua Jiang
BACKGROUND: Although reduction mammaplasty is one of the most common procedures in plastic surgery, it is associated with some serious complications, especially in cases of severe hypertrophy or advanced ptosis, including necrosis of the nipple and areola, absence of normal sensation of the nipple-areolar complex, and loss of lactational function for future nursing. A thorough understanding of the breast anatomy is vital for successful reduction mammaplasty. This article describes the blood supply and innervation of the breasts, and introduces a modified round block technique for reduction mammaplasty based on this anatomy...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920573/femoral-nerve-blockade-using-various-concentrations-of-local-anesthetic-for-knee-arthroscopy-in-the-pediatric-population
#4
Giorgio Veneziano, Jennifer Tripi, Dmitry Tumin, Mumin Hakim, David Martin, Ralph Beltran, Kevin Klingele, Tarun Bhalla, Joseph D Tobias
BACKGROUND: Femoral nerve blockade (FNB) provides effective postoperative analgesia in children undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery as evidenced by their opioid-sparing effects and decreased postoperative pain scores. Increasing the local anesthetic concentration in peripheral nerve blockade for adults undergoing orthopedic surgery has been shown to be beneficial, increasing block success rate, and providing a longer duration of analgesia. The effect of increasing the concentration of local anesthetic in extremity blocks in children remains largely unexplored...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920572/home-peripheral-nerve-catheters-the-first-24-months-of-experience-at-a-children-s-hospital
#5
Andrew Gable, Candice Burrier, Jenna Stevens, Sharon Wrona, Kevin Klingele, Tarun Bhalla, David P Martin, Giorgio Veneziano, Joseph D Tobias
CONTEXT: Home peripheral nerve catheters (PNCs) have become common practice for adult patients after major orthopedic surgery. However, use in pediatric patients is a recent application. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to review the demographics and outcomes of pediatric patients receiving a PNC at our institution. METHODS: This retrospective study included patients from October 2012 through October 2014 undergoing orthopedic procedures with a PNC placed for postoperative pain management...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919731/nerve-sparing-laparoscopic-colposacropexy-using-a-percutaneous-surgical-system-a-case-report
#6
Federico Romano, Francesco Legge, Giovanni Scambia, Maurizio Guido
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility, efficacy and safeness of nerve-sparing laparoscopic colposacropexy performed with a minimally invasive approach by using 2,9 mm Percuvance(TM) Percutaneous Surgical System (PSS) (The Percuvance(TM) System, Teleflex Inc., USA). DESIGN: Step-by-step video demonstration of the surgical technique. The Internal Department Committee approved this study. The patient was adequately informed about the possible risks and benefits of this experimental technique and a written consent agreeing to undergo the described procedure was signed...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919706/extreme-lateral-lumbar-interbody-fusion-surgical-technique-outcomes-and-complications-after-a-minimum-of-one-year-follow-up
#7
I Domínguez, R Luque, M Noriega, J Rey, J Alia, F Marco-Martínez
«Minimally invasive» techniques have been recently been developed in order to achieve good clinical results with a low incidence of complications. The extralateral interbody fusion or direct transpsoas is a minimally invasive anterior arthrodesis. A total of 97 patients with 138 segments received surgery between May 2012 and May 2015. The follow-up was from 12-44 months. The mean age was 68 years (41-86). The most common cause of intervention was the adjacent segment (30%), deformity (22%), and lumbar disc disease (21%)...
December 2, 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919615/anatomical-study-of-the-superficial-temporal-branches-of-the-auriculotemporal-nerve-application-to-surgery-and-other-invasive-treatments-to-the-temporal-region
#8
Joe Iwanaga, Koichi Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Saga, Christian Fisahn, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The auriculotemporal nerve (ATN) is one of the branches of the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve, which gives rise to many branches to the retromandibular and temporal regions. Of these, the superficial temporal branch can occasionally be the cause of migraine headaches and auriculotemporal neuralgia. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the anatomy of the superficial temporal branch, which has never been described in detail. METHODS: A total of 14 sides of cadaveric heads were used for this study...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919583/comparison-of-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-and-without-femoral-shortening-osteotomy-for-unilateral-mild-to-moderate-high-hip-dislocation
#9
Huiwu Li, Jiawei Xu, Xinhua Qu, Yuanqing Mao, Kerong Dai, Zhenan Zhu
BACKGROUND: This study compares the outcome between THA with and without femoral shortening osteotomy for unilateral mild to moderate high hip dislocation in developmental dysplasia of the hip patients. METHODS: The data on 42 hips in 42 patients who had undergone THA for unilateral mild to moderate high hip dislocation were retrospectively reviewed after being prospectively collected. In 22 patients, hips were reduced by soft tissue release and direct leverage using an elevator, without the osteotomy...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919018/trigeminal-nervous-system-sensitization-by-infraorbital-nerve-injury-enhances-responses-in-a-migraine-model
#10
Midori Toyama, Chiho Kudo, Chikako Mukai, Mika Inoue, Aiko Oyamaguchi, Hiroshi Hanamoto, Mitsutaka Sugimura, Hitoshi Niwa
BACKGROUND: Although the peripheral and central sensitizations of trigeminal nervous system may be one of the important factors of migraine, the precise mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we examined the influence of the sensitization of the second division of the trigeminal nerve (V2) by chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the infraorbital nerve (ION) on migraine headache, using the capsaicin-induced migraine model. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to four groups: (a) sham surgery and topical-dural vehicle application (Sham + Vehicle) group, (b) CCI-ION and topical-dural vehicle application (CCI-ION + Vehicle) group, (c) sham surgery and topical-dural capsaicin application (Sham + Capsaicin) group, (d) CCI-ION and topical-dural capsaicin application (CCI-ION + Capsaicin) group...
November 9, 2016: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918796/identifying-intraoperative-nerve-monitoring-in-thyroid-surgery-using-administrative-databases-reply
#11
Zaid Al-Qurayshi, Gregory W Randolph, Emad Kandil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918789/identifying-intraoperative-nerve-monitoring-in-thyroid-surgery-using-administrative-databases
#12
Uchechukwu C Megwalu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916868/characterization-and-schwann-cell-seeding-of-up-to-15-0-cm-long-spider-silk-nerve-conduits-for-reconstruction-of-peripheral-nerve-defects
#13
Tim Kornfeld, Peter M Vogt, Vesna Bucan, Claas-Tido Peck, Kerstin Reimers, Christine Radtke
Nerve reconstruction of extended nerve defect injuries still remains challenging with respect to therapeutic options. The gold standard in nerve surgery is the autologous nerve graft. Due to the limitation of adequate donor nerves, surgical alternatives are needed. Nerve grafts made out of either natural or artificial materials represent this alternative. Several biomaterials are being explored and preclinical and clinical applications are ongoing. Unfortunately, nerve conduits with successful enhancement of axonal regeneration for nerve defects measuring over 4...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916737/suprascapular-block-associated-with-interscalene-block-an-alternative-to-isolated-interscalene-block-for-analgesia-in-shoulder-instability-surgery
#14
Walid Trabelsi, Abdelkader Ben Gabsia, Anis Lebbi, Walid Sammoud, Iheb Labbène, Mustapha Ferjani
BACKGROUND: Interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) is the gold standard for postoperative pain management in shoulder surgery. However, this technique has side effects and potentially serious complications. The aim of this study was to compare the combinations of ultrasound-guided suprascapular (SSB) associated with supraclavicular nerve block (SCB) and ultrasound-guided ISB for postoperative analgesia after shoulder instability surgery. METHODS: Sixty ASA physical status I-II patients scheduled to undergo shoulder instability surgery were included...
December 1, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916369/expression-of-connexin-26-and-connexin-43-is-reduced-in-hirschsprung-s-disease
#15
David Coyle, Brian Doyle, Justin M Murphy, Anne Marie O'Donnell, John Gillick, Prem Puri
BACKGROUND: Despite having an optimal pull-through operation, some children with Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) continue to experience persistent bowel symptoms. Coordinated colonic electrical activity depends on intercellular communication between the enteric nerves, interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs), smooth muscle cells, and fibroblast-like (platelet-derived growth factor receptor-alpha-positive) cells. Gap junctions are low-resistance channels composed of connexin (Cx) proteins which couple cells electrically and chemically...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916293/expression-of-glut-1-and-hk-ii-in-pancreatic-cancer-and-their-impact-on-prognosis-and-fdg-accumulation
#16
Hai-Jing Yang, Wei-Jia Xu, Yi-Hui Guan, Hui-Wei Zhang, Wei-Qun Ding, Lan Rong, Zhi-Bing Qiu, Liang Zhong
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to analyze the expression of Glut-1 and HK-II, the association between their expression and (18)F-FDG accumulation in pancreatic cancer. METHODS: Fifty patients with histologically proven pancreatic cancer were included in this preliminary study, all of whom received (18)F-FDG PET/CT performance before surgery. Immunohistochemical staining of tumor tissue and adjacent normal tissue was performed for Glut-1 and HK-II. By combining proportions and intensity of immunochemical staining, we obtained the modified immunohistological scores for Glut-1 and HK-II respectively...
December 2016: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915063/preoperative-prediction-of-the-location-and-shape-of-the-facial-nerve-in-patients-with-large-vestibular-schwannomas-using-diffusion-tensor-imaging-based-fiber-tracking
#17
Yanyang Zhang, Zhiqi Mao, Penghu Wei, Yazhou Jin, Lin Ma, Jun Zhang, Xinguang Yu
OBJECTIVE: Preserving the facial nerve (FN) during surgery for large vestibular schwannomas (VSs) is challenging because of the unpredictable locations and morphological changes in the FN. Diffusion tensor imaging-based fiber tracking (DTI-FT) has been proposed to preoperatively visualize the FN. This study was performed to evaluate the efficacy of DTI-FT for predicting FN location and shape in patients with large VSs. METHODS: In this prospective study, imaging data from 30 consecutive patients with large VSs were obtained using 3-T magnetic resonance imaging...
November 30, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913755/applications-of-three-dimensional-printing-in-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Chi Li, Tsz Fung Cheung, Vei Chen Fan, Kin Man Sin, Chrisity Wai Yan Wong, Gilberto Ka Kit Leung
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a rapidly advancing technology in the field of surgery. This article reviews its contemporary applications in 3 aspects of surgery, namely, surgical planning, implants and prostheses, and education and training. Three-dimensional printing technology can contribute to surgical planning by depicting precise personalized anatomy and thus a potential improvement in surgical outcome. For implants and prosthesis, the technology might overcome the limitations of conventional methods such as visual discrepancy from the recipient's body and unmatching anatomy...
December 2, 2016: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913253/vibrissal-paralysis-produces-increased-corticosterone-levels-and-impairment-of-spatial-memory-retrieval
#19
William E Patarroyo, Milady García-Perez, Marisol Lamprea, Alejandro Múnera, Julieta Troncoso
This research was aimed at establishing how the absence of active whisking in rats affects acquisition and recovery of spatial memory. The mystacial vibrissae were irreversibly paralyzed by cutting the facial nerve's mandibular and buccal branches bilaterally in the facial nerve lesion group (N=14); control animals were submitted to sham-surgery (N=15). Sham-operated (N=11) and facial nerve-lesioned (N=10) animals were trained (one session, eight acquisition trials) and tested 24hours later in a circular Barnes maze...
November 29, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911236/patient-versus-physician-reported-facial-disability-in-vestibular-schwannoma-an-international-cross-sectional-study
#20
Øystein Vesterli Tveiten, Matthew L Carlson, Frederik Goplen, Erling Myrseth, Colin L W Driscoll, Rupavathana Mahesparan, Michael J Link, Morten Lund-Johansen
OBJECTIVE Patient-reported outcomes are increasingly used in studies of vestibular schwannoma (VS); however, few studies have examined self-evaluated facial nerve function and its relation to physician-reported outcomes. The primary objective of this study was to compare patient self-evaluations of facial disability with physician-evaluated facial nerve status and with self-evaluations of a healthy control group. The second objective was to provide insight into the controversial subject of the optimal initial management of small- and medium-sized VSs; consequently, the authors compared patient-reported facial nerve disability following treatment via observation (OBS), Gamma Knife surgery (GKS), or microsurgery (MS)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
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