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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673837/movements-of-older-adults-during-exergaming-interventions-that-are-associated-with-the-systems-framework-for-postural-control-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Robin Tahmosybayat, Katherine Baker, Alan Godfrey, Nick Caplan, Gill Barry
One in three older adults fall annually, in part due to impairments in the physiological systems that make up the postural control (PC) system. Exercise, particularly balance training, helps to prevent deterioration and even to improve outcomes in the PC system. Exergaming (exercise-gaming) is interactive computer gaming whereby an individual moves the body in response to onscreen cues in a playful format. Exergaming is an alternative method to standard practice for improving PC outcomes, which has been shown to reduce the risk of falling...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652782/impaired-trunk-posture-in-women-with-fibromyalgia
#2
Núria Sempere-Rubio, Marta Aguilar-Rodríguez, Gemma V Espí-López, Sara Cortés-Amador, Eliseo Pascual, Pilar Serra-Añó
STUDY TYPE: A cross-sectional study OBJECTIVES.: The main goal of the study was to analyze posture of Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) in women compared to healthy subjects in order to establish if posture assessment could be useful to characterize the syndrome. Secondarily, we explored the impact of sedentary behavior on trunk posture. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pain has been associated with poor static postures, however there is little information on the effect of FMS, which is characterized by widespread pain, on trunk posture...
April 12, 2018: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615290/gait-training-using-a-hybrid-assistive-limb-hal-attenuates-head-drop-a-case-report
#3
Kousei Miura, Masao Koda, Hideki Kadone, Shigeki Kubota, Yukiyo Shimizu, Hiroshi Kumagai, Katsuya Nagashima, Kentaro Mataki, Kengo Fujii, Hiroshi Noguchi, Toru Funayama, Tetsuya Abe, Yoshiyuki Sankai, Masashi Yamazaki
Dropped head syndrome (DHS) is characterized by a chin-on-chest deformity, which can severely interfere with forward vision and impair activities of daily living. A standardized treatment strategy for DHS has not been established. To our knowledge, this is the first case report describing the efficacy of gait training using a hybrid assistive limb (HAL) for DHS. A 75-year-old man showed apparent head drop in a standing position, resulting in passively reducible chin-on-chest deformity. A radiograph image showed apparent cervical kyphosis...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584505/a-preliminary-study-of-human-model-head-and-neck-response-to-frontal-loading-in-nontraditional-occupant-seating-configurations
#4
F S Gayzik, B Koya, M L Davis
OBJECTIVE: Computational human body models (HBMs) are nominally omnidirectional surrogates given their structural basis in human anatomy. As a result, such models are well suited for studies related to occupant safety in anticipated highly automated vehicles (HAVs). We utilize a well-validated HBM to study the head and neck kinematics in simulations of nontraditional occupant seating configurations. METHODS: The GHBMC M50-O v. 4.4 HBM was gravity settled into a generic seat buck and situated in a seated posture...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584494/frontal-and-oblique-crash-tests-of-hiii-6-year-old-child-atd-using-real-world-observed-child-passenger-postures
#5
Katarina Bohman, Kristy B Arbogast, Helen Loeb, Judith L Charlton, Sjaan Koppel, Suzanne L Cross
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the consequences of frontal and oblique crashes when positioning a Hybrid III (HIII) 6-year-old child anthropometric test device (ATD) using observed child passenger postures from a naturalistic driving study (NDS). METHODS: Five positions for booster-seated children aged 4-7 years were selected, including one reference position according to the FMVSS 213 ATD seating protocol and 4 based on real-world observed child passenger postures from an NDS including 2 user positions with forward tilting torso and 2 that combined both forward and lateral inboard tilting of the torso...
February 28, 2018: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581671/effects-of-lumbar-lordosis-assistive-support-on-craniovertebral-angle-and-mechanical-properties-of-the-upper-trapezius-muscle-in-subjects-with-forward-head-posture
#6
Jong-Hoon Moon, Jin-Hwa Jung, Suk-Chan Hahm, Hwan-Kyung Oh, Kyoung-Sim Jung, Hwi-Young Cho
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of lumbar lordosis assistive support (LLAS) on craniovertebral angle (CVA) and mechanical properties of the upper trapezius (UT) muscle in subjects with forward head posture (FHP). [Subjects and Methods] This study recruited 20 subjects with FHP. CVA and muscle tone, viscoelasticity, and stiffness of the UT were measured using Myoton in all subjects in a sitting position with LLAS and in a neutral sitting position. The order of measurements was randomized and the mean values were calculated twice...
March 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581658/effect-of-interferential-current-therapy-on-forward-head-posture
#7
Ye-Jin Choi, Hee-Jung Kim, Sun-Young Han, Bo-Ram Choi
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of interferential current therapy on the shoulder muscles of subjects with forward head posture. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty volunteers (15 forward head posture, 15 control) participated in this study. Interferential current therapy treatment was conducted for 10 min, three times per week, for 3 weeks on both the upper trapezius and levator scapulae. Subjects were measured anterior both acromion distance and posterior both acromial distance using a ruler, and the forward head posture angle using an electronic application...
March 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578461/comparison-of-isometric-cervical-flexor-and-isometric-cervical-extensor-system-exercises-on-patients-with-neuromuscular-imbalance-and-cervical-crossed-syndrome-associated-forward-head-posture
#8
Jaejin Lee, Dohyeon Kim, Kyunghoon Yu, Youngki Cho, Joshua H You
BACKGROUND: Isometric cervical flexor system exercise (ICF) and isometric cervical extensor system exercise (ICE) are cervical stabilization techniques that have been used to restore cervical crossed syndrome (CCS)-associated forward head posture. However, the therapeutic effects and underlying motor control mechanisms remain elusive. PURPOSE: The purpose of present study was investigating the concurrent therapeutic effects of ICF and ICE on muscle size, muscle imbalance ratio, and muscle recruitment sequence using ultrasound imaging and electromyography...
2018: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549403/electro-tactile-stimulation-of-the-posterior-neck-induces-body-anteropulsion-during-upright-stance
#9
A M De Nunzio, U S Yavuz, E Martinez-Valdes, D Farina, D Falla
Sensory information conveyed along afferent fibers from muscle and joint proprioceptors play an important role in the control of posture and gait in humans. In particular, proprioceptive information from the neck is fundamental in supplying the central nervous system with information about the orientation and movement of the head relative to the rest of the body. The previous studies have confirmed that proprioceptive afferences originating from the neck region, evoked via muscle vibration, lead to strong body-orienting effects during static conditions (e...
March 16, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545692/anterior-head-translation-following-cervical-fusion-a-probable-cause-of-post-surgical-pain-and-impairment-a-cbp-%C3%A2-case-report
#10
Deed E Harrison, Paul A Oakley, Joseph W Betz
[Purpose] To present the case of the dramatic reduction in pain, disability, and neurologic symptoms following the reduction of forward head translation and increased cervical curvature in a patient suffering from post-surgical radiculopathy. [Subject and Methods] A 52-year-old male mechanic presented with chronic neck pain, unilateral paresthesia along the C5 and C6 dermatome distributions and diminished unilateral grip strength for 12 years following a C5-C6 cervical discectomy and fusion. Outcome measures included the neck disability index, the numerical pain rating scale, and the Zebris cervical range of motion system...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501288/the-effect-of-adenotonsillectomy-on-the-position-of-head-cervical-and-thoracic-spine-and-scapular-girdle-of-mouth-breathing-children
#11
Patricia Dayrell Neiva, Letícia Paiva Franco, Renata Noce Kirkwood, Helena Gonçalves Becker
The clinical decision for surgical treatment of children diagnosed with mouth breathing depends on the percentage of mechanical obstruction correlated with exacerbation of upper respiratory tract infections and systemic changes. The benefits of adenotonsillectomy include changes in the nasopharyngeal space, the mandibular plane and myofunctional alterations. Post-adenotonsilectomy postural benefits have not yet been described. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the kinematics of the shoulder girdle, cervical and thoracic spine in children with mouth breathing before and after adenotonsillectomy...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499423/praying-sitting-position-for-pineal-region-surgery-an-efficient-variant-of-a-classic-positioning-in-neurosurgery
#12
Joham Choque-Velasquez, Roberto Colasanti, Julio C Resendiz-Nieves, Kléber E Gonzáles-Echevarría, Rahul Raj, Behnam Rezai Jahromi, Felix Goehre, Ann-Christine Lindroos, Juha Hernesniemi
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, the sitting position has lost favor among neurosurgeons partly due to assumptions of increased complications, such as venous air embolisms (VAEs) and hemodynamic disturbances. Moreover, it may oblige the surgeon to a tiring posture. Herein, we describe our protocol for the "praying (steeper sitting) position" for pineal region surgery, a variant which may reduce some of the risks of the sitting position while providing a more ergonomic surgical position...
February 27, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484241/shoulder-external-rotator-strength-in-response-to-various-sitting-postures-a-controlled-laboratory-study
#13
Steven Pheasant, Richard Haydt, Thomas Gottstein, Anthony Grasso, Nicholas Lombard, Brandon Stone
Background: The forward head rounded shoulder (FHRS) sitting posture has been associated with decreased shoulder complex muscle strength and function. Upon clinical observation, the adverse effects of the FHRS sitting posture on shoulder complex isometric muscle strength is also present when testing controls for scapular position. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of the study was to assess the effect of various sitting postures on shoulder external rotator muscle isometric strength when the strength testing controls for scapular position...
February 2018: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473197/heritability-of-the-airway-structure-and-head-posture-using-twin-study
#14
Jeong-Hyun Kang, Joohon Sung, Yun-Mi Song, Young-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Inherited traits of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may have link to the heritability of the airway anatomy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of present study was to investigate heritability of the airway anatomy by comparing skeletal and soft tissue features of Korean monozygotic (MZ) and dizygotic twins (DZ). METHODS: In total, 72 participants (mean age, 41.5 ± 5.9 years; 40 males, 32 females) including 48 MZ (24 pairs) and 24 DZ (12 pairs) with same sex were participated...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463874/prominent-exostosis-projecting-from-the-occipital-squama-more-substantial-and-prevalent-in-young-adult-than-older-age-groups
#15
David Shahar, Mark G L Sayers
Recently we reported the development of prominent exostosis young adults' skulls (41%; 10-31 mm) emanating from the external occipital protuberance (EOP). These findings contrast existing reports that large enthesophytes are not seen in young adults. Here we show that a combination sex, the degree of forward head protraction (FHP) and age predicted the presence of enlarged EOP (EEOP) (n = 1200, age 18-86). While being a male and increased FHP had a positive effect on prominent exostosis, paradoxically, increase in age was linked to a decrease in enthesophyte size...
February 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448082/large-enthesophytes-in-teenage-skulls-mechanical-inflammatory-and-genetic-considerations
#16
David Shahar, John Evans, Mark G L Sayers
BACKGROUND: The literature implies that large enthesophytes are exclusive to genetically predisposed individuals and to Spondyloarthropathies sufferers. Accordingly, the aim of this investigation and report was to assess the involvement of genetic predisposition, inflammatory and/or mechanical influences in the development of large enthesophytes in a sample population of teenagers presenting with large enthesophytes emanating from the external occipital protuberance. METHODS: Analysis was based on four teenage males (13-16 year-old) possessing 14...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417779/-correlation-analysis-between-position-of-head-cervical-curvature-classification-and-balance-of-cervical-spine-through-lateral-plain-radiograph-measurement
#17
Kuan Wang, Zhen Deng, Hui-Hao Wang, Zheng-Yan Li, Wen-Xin Niu, Bo Chen, Ming-Cai Zhang, Wei-An Yuan, Hong-Sheng Zhan
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between position of head, cervical curvature type and associated cervical balance parameters in a neutral looking-forward posture. METHODS: Cervical lateral X-rays of 60 patients with cervical spondylosis were selected from January to December 2015. There were 22 males and 38 females with an average age of (35.5±10.9) years old. The measured parameters included cervical curvature type, McGregor slope, C2 lower end plate slope, T1 slope, center of gravity to C7 sagittal vertical offset (CG-C7 SVA), and C2 to C7 sagittal vertical offset (C2-C7 SVA)...
May 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410583/correlation-between-pulmonary-functions-and-respiratory-muscle-activity-in-patients-with-forward-head-posture
#18
Jeong-Il Kang, Dae-Keun Jeong, Hyun Choi
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to determine the effect that secondary postural deformities and chronic postural abnormalities have on lung capacity, as well as correlate the activity of the respiratory muscles. The results provide basic objective data about the forward head posture and respiratory muscle activity that can be used in clinical situations. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects used in this study were 24 patients aged 25 to 35 years old who visited a hospital in Jeollanam-do Province, Korea, between September 2015 and January 2016...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362689/ergonomic-risk-and-preventive-measures-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-the-dentistry-environment-an-umbrella-review
#19
Simone De Sio, Veronica Traversini, Francesca Rinaldo, Valerio Colasanti, Giuseppe Buomprisco, Roberto Perri, Federica Mormone, Giuseppe La Torre, Fabrizio Guerra
Introduction: Dental practitioners are exposed to different occupational hazards during the course of their professional activity, such as physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic factors. The ergonomic hazards, caused by strained posture and prolonged repetitive movements, can induce musculoskeletal disorders. It occurs in 54-93% of dental professionals and involve the spine, shoulder and hand-wrist tract. Through a systematic review of international literature, we analyzed specific ergonomic risk factors and preventive measures of musculoskeletal disorders in professional dental activity...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355132/using-motion-capture-technology-to-measure-the-effects-of-magnification-loupes-on-dental-operator-posture-a-pilot-study
#20
B G Branson, R M Abnos, M L Simmer-Beck, G W King, S F Siddicky
BACKGROUND: Motion analysis has great potential for quantitatively evaluating dental operator posture and the impact of interventions such as magnification loupes on posture and subsequent development of musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the feasibility of motion capture technology for measurement of dental operator posture and examine the impact that different styles of magnification loupes had on dental operator posture. METHODS: Forward and lateral head flexion were measured for two different operators while completing a periodontal probing procedure...
2018: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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