Read by QxMD icon Read

forward head posture

Elizabeth E Hibberd, Kevin G Laudner, Kristen L Kucera, David J Berkoff, Bing Yu, Joseph B Myers
BACKGROUND: Subacromial space distance and forward head and shoulder posture are common characteristics resulting from swim training. These alterations can cause abnormal scapular kinematics and positioning, potentially increasing compression of structures in the subacromial space and increasing the risk for the development of swimmer's shoulder. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of the swim training season on subacromial space distance and forward head and forward shoulder posture as well as to determine the relationship between these variables...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
John Manor, Elizabeth Hibberd, Meredith Petschauer, Joseph Myers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Sarah Mingels, Wim Dankaerts, Ludo van Etten, Herbert Thijs, Marita Granitzer
OBJECTIVES: To compare 1) maximum manually induced head-protraction, head-tilt and forward head position and 2) the evolution of head-tilt and forward head position during a laptop-task between a headache- and control-group. METHODS: Angles for maximum head-protraction, head-tilt and forward head position of 12 female students with postural induced headache and 12 female healthy controls were calculated at baseline and while performing a laptop-task. RESULTS: The headache-group demonstrated an increased passive head-protraction of 22...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Leila Vakili, Farzin Halabchi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mohammad Reza Khami, Shahla Irandoost, Zahra Alizadeh
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders are common problems among dentists. These conditions may lead to inappropriate postures and impairment in physical and psychological function. On the other hand, poor postures and inappropriate ergonomic may result in a wide variety of musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of common postural disorders of the spine and shoulder girdle among the dentists and possible correlations between demographic, anthropometric and occupational characteristics with these abnormal postures...
June 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
Tae-Lim Yoon, Heon-Seock Cynn, Sil-Ah Choi, Ji-Hyun Lee, Bong-Sam Chio
BACKGROUND: The relationship between forward head posture (FHP) and thoracic kyphosis has been a subject of interest in the rehabilitation field for visual display terminal workers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the immediate effects of the craniocervical brace use on craniocervical angle (CCA), thoracic kyphosis angle (TKA), and trunk extensor muscle activity. METHODS: Twelve young male subjects with forward head posture (21...
September 7, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
Chris K Lam, Craig D Tokuno, W Richard Staines, Leah R Bent
When an electrical stimulus is applied to perturb the vestibular system, a postural response is generated orthogonal to head orientation. It has previously been shown that there is a convergence of neck proprioceptive and vestibular input within the cerebellum to provide a head-on-body reference frame (Manzoni et al. in Neuroscience 93:1095-1107, 1999). The objective of this experiment was to determine whether the direction of the postural response to a vestibular perturbation is modulated when function of the cerebellar vermis is temporarily depressed...
September 6, 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Nuno Morais, Joana Cruz, Alda Marques
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence regarding interactions between pulmonary (dys)function, posture, and mobility of the upper body quadrant in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVES: This exploratory study aimed to investigate whether postural alignment and mobility of the upper quadrant are related to changes in pulmonary function and compare such variables between patients with COPD and healthy individuals. METHOD: Fifteen patients with COPD (67...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Sun-Myung Lee, Chang-Hyung Lee, David O'Sullivan, Joo-Ha Jung, Jung-Jun Park
[Purpose] This study compared the effects of pilates and an exercise program on the craniovertebral angle, cervical range of motion, pain, and muscle fatigue in subjects with a forward head posture (FHP). [Subjects and Methods] A total of 28 sedentary females (age 20 to 39 years) with FHP were randomly assigned to pilates (n=14) and combined (n=14) exercise groups. The study was a randomized, controlled, double-blind study with the two groups performing exercise 50 min/day, 3 days/week, with an intensity of 11-15 rating of perceived exertion (RPE) for ten weeks...
July 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
John Darby, María B Sánchez, Penelope B Butler, Ian D Loram
The Kinect v2 sensor supports real-time non-invasive 3D head pose estimation. Because the sensor is small, widely available and relatively cheap it has great potential as a tool for groups interested in measuring head posture. In this paper we compare the Kinect's head pose estimates with a marker-based record of ground truth in order to establish its accuracy. During movement of the head and neck alone (with static torso), we find average errors in absolute yaw, pitch and roll angles of 2.0±1.2°, 7.3±3...
July 2016: Gait & Posture
Tae-Woon Kim, Da-In An, Hye-Yun Lee, Ho-Young Jeong, Dong-Hyun Kim, Yun-Hee Sung
[Purpose] This study performed to investigate the effect of elastic band exercise program on the posture of subjects with rounded shoulder and forward head posture. [Subjects and Methods] The body length, forward shoulder angle, craniovertebral angle, and cranial rotation angle of participants (n=12) were measured before and after the exercise program. Furthermore, the thicknesses of the pectoralis major, rhomboid major, and upper trapezius were measured using an ultrasonographic imaging device. The exercises program was conducted with elastic bands, with 15 repetitions per set and 3 sets in total...
June 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Seong-Yeol Kim, Sung-Ja Koo
[Purpose] The effect of duration of smartphone use on neck and shoulder muscle fatigue and pain was investigated in adults with forward head posture. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-four adults with forward head posture were classified into groups by duration of smartphone use: 11 used a smartphone for 10 minutes each (group 1), 12 for 20 minutes each (group 2), and 11 for 30 minutes each (group 3). Fatigue cervical erector spinae and upper trapezius muscles was measured by electromyography, and pain before and after the experiment was evaluated using Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores...
June 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Iwona Sulowska, Łukasz Oleksy, Anna Mika, Dorota Bylina, Jarosław Sołtan
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of two kinds of plantar short foot muscles exercise on foot posture and fundamental movement patterns in long-distance runners. DESIGN: A parallel group non-blinded trial with 6-week follow-up. METHODS: Twenty five long-distance runners aged 22-35 years. They were divided into two groups. In group 1 (n = 13) subjects performed the exercise "Vele's Forward Lean" and "Reverse Tandem Gait" and in Group 2 (n = 12) the "Short Foot Exercise...
2016: PloS One
Won-Sik Bae, Hyun-Ok Lee, Jae-Wook Shin, Keon-Cheol Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of strength and stretching exercises on upper crossed syndrome. [Subjects and Methods] After measuring cervical alignment using the Global Posture System, 30 students with forward head posture were selected and divided into two groups. The experimental group (n=15) participated in strength and stretching exercises, three times per week for 4 weeks. The control group (n=15) did not participate in the exercises. The exercise program comprised middle and lower trapezius strength exercises and levator scapulae and upper trapezius stretching exercises...
May 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Bo-Been Kim, Ji-Hyun Lee, Hyo-Jung Jeong, Heon-Seock Cynn
BACKGROUND: Forward head posture is a head-on-trunk malalignment, which results in musculoskeletal dysfunction and neck pain. To improve forward head posture, both the craniocervical flexion exercise and the suboccipital release technique have been used. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the immediate effects of craniocervical flexion exercise and suboccipital release combined with craniocervical flexion exercise on craniovertebral angle, cervical flexion and extension range of motion, and the muscle activities of the sternocleidomastoid, anterior scalene, and splenius capitis during craniocervical flexion exercise in subjects with forward head posture...
October 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
W J Wang, F Liu, Y W Zhu, M H Sun, Y Qiu, W J Weng
OBJECTIVES: Normal sagittal spine-pelvis-lower extremity alignment is crucial in humans for maintaining an ergonomic upright standing posture, and pathogenesis in any segment leads to poor balance. The present study aimed to investigate how this sagittal alignment can be affected by severe knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and whether associated changes corresponded with symptoms of lower back pain (LBP) in this patient population. METHODS: Lateral radiograph films in an upright standing position were obtained from 59 patients with severe KOA and 58 asymptomatic controls free from KOA...
May 2016: Bone & Joint Research
Michael Decker, Kellie A Gomas, Steven J Narvy, C Thomas Vangsness
BACKGROUND: Evidence is growing that computers users are at increased risk of developing musculoskeletal disorders, particularly those involving the upper extremity, with significant financial cost and lost productivity. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the short-term effects of wearing a dynamic elastic garment (Posture Shirt®, AlignMed; Santa Ana, CA) on musculoskeletal wellness and health in the computer workplace. METHODS: Ninety-six computer users were evaluated...
May 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Karen V Richards, Darren J Beales, Anne J Smith, Peter B O'Sullivan, Leon M Straker
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting evidence on the association between sagittal neck posture and neck pain. OBJECTIVE: The object of this study was to determine the existence of clusters of neck posture in a 17-year-old cohort and establish whether identified subgroups were associated with biopsychosocial factors and neck pain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: 1108 adolescents underwent 2D photographic postural assessment in sitting...
May 12, 2016: Physical Therapy
Kuangyou B Cheng
Although knee motions have been observed at loss of balance, the ankle and hip strategies have remained the focus of past research. The present study aimed to investigate whether knee motions contribute to feet-in-place balance recovery. This was achieved by experimentally monitoring knee motions during recovery from forward falling, and by simulating balance recovery movements with and without knee joint as the main focus of the study. Twelve participants initially held a straight body configuration and were released from different forward leaning positions...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
Boyoung Im, Young Kim, Yijung Chung, Sujin Hwang
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of scapular stabilization exercise on neck posture, muscle activity, pain, and quality of life in individuals with neck pain and forward head posture. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen participants were recruited according to the selection criteria and were randomly allocated to the scapular stabilization group (n=8) and the control group (n=7). The scapular stabilization group underwent training for 30 minutes a day, 3 times a week for 4 weeks; the control group performed relaxation exercises for 4 weeks...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Min-Sik Yong, Hae-Yong Lee, Mi-Young Lee
[Purpose] The aim of the present study was to investigate correlation between head posture and proprioceptive function in the cervical region. [Subjects and Methods] Seventy-two subjects (35 males and 37 females) participated in this study. For measurement of head posture, the craniovertebral angle was calculated based on the angle between a horizontal line passing through C7 and a line extending from the tragus of the ear to C7. The joint position sense was evaluated using a dual digital inclinometer (Acumar, Lafayette Instrument, Lafayette, IN, USA), which was used to measure the joint position error for cervical flexion and extension...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"