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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282792/effects-of-kinesio-taping-and-exercise-on-forward-head-posture
#1
Hsu-Sheng Shih, Shu-Shi Chen, Su-Chun Cheng, Hsun-Wen Chang, Pei-Rong Wu, Jin-Shiou Yang, Yi-Shuang Lee, Jui-Yi Tsou
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of Kinesio taping and therapeutic exercise on correcting forward head posture. OBJECTIVE: To compare Kinesio taping versus therapeutic exercise for forward head posture on static posture, dynamic mobility and functional outcomes. METHODS: Sixty subjects (31 women, 29 men) with forward head postures participated in this study. They were randomly assigned to either one of the three groups: (1) exercise group (n = 20), (2) taping group (n = 20), and (3) control groups (n = 20)...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265167/the-effect-of-modified-cervical-exercise-on-smartphone-users-with-forward-head-posture
#2
Yong-Soo Kong, Yu-Mi Kim, Je-Myung Shim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of modified cervical exercise and determine whether such exercise improves the range of motion of the cervical movement in smartphone users with forward head posture. [Subjects and Methods] Some 32 subjects with forward head posture participated in this study. They were randomly allocated to three groups, and the modified cervical exercises were performed either once, twice, or three times per day. The exercise program was followed for four weeks and then the joint range of motion of the participants was measured...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265137/changes-in-neck-and-upper-trunk-muscle-activities-according-to-the-angle-of-movement-of-the-neck-in-subjects-with-forward-head-posture
#3
SongHee Cheon, SoHyun Park
[Purpose] This study investigated changes in neck and upper trunk muscle activities according to the angle of movement of the neck in subjects with Forward Head Posture. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty subjects with forward head postures were recruited. The activities of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, splenius capitis and splenius cervicis muscles, upper trapezius muscle, and middle trapezius muscle during flexion and extension were assessed. [Results] The activity of the sternocleidomastoid muscle showed significant differences between the 30° flexed position and the full range of motion position, and between the neutral position and the full ROM position...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208991/effect-of-thoracic-correction-exercises-in-upper-body-dysfunction-of-94-year-old-male-participant-a-case-report
#4
P Senthil, S Sudhakar, R Radhakrishnan
The case report has been presented to show the effects of thoracic correction exercises on flexed posture in older men with upper body dysfunction using posture analysis software and pectoralis minor muscle length test. The present case is that of a 94-year-old male. He was guided for a specific thoracic correction exercises for 12 weeks. The program included breathing correction, thorax mobility, scapular stability and passive stretching of Pectoralis major and minor, performed thrice a week, 30 min each session, for 12 weeks...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174460/inter-and-intra-rater-agreement-of-static-posture-analysis-using-a-mobile-application
#5
David M Boland, Eric V Neufeld, Jack Ruddell, Brett A Dolezal, Christopher B Cooper
[Purpose] To determine the intra- and inter-rater agreement of a mobile application, PostureScreen Mobile(®) (PSM), that assesses static standing posture. [Subjects and Methods] Three examiners with different levels of experience of assessing posture, one licensed physical therapist and two untrained undergraduate students, performed repeated postural assessments of 10 subjects, fully clothed or minimally clothed, using PSM on two nonconsecutive days. Anterior and right lateral images were captured and seventeen landmarks were identified on them...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167166/effect-of-exams-period-on-prevalence-of-myofascial-trigger-points-and-head-posture-in-undergraduate-students-repeated-measurements-study
#6
Leonid Kalichman, Natalie Bulanov, Aryeh Friedman
BACKGROUND: Myofascial Trigger points (MTrPs) may be caused or aggravated by many factors, such as mental stress associated with exams and impaired posture. AIM: To compare the prevalence and sensitivity of MTrPs, and forward head position (FHP) during exam period vs. mid-semester among physical therapy students. METHODS: 39 physical therapy students were palpated for MTrPs in neck and shoulder muscles and were photographed laterally for FHP measurement during the academic semester and during the academic examination period...
January 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157620/dynamic-head-neck-stabilization-in-cervical-dystonia
#7
Patrick A Forbes, Edo de Bruijn, Sebastiaan W R Nijmeijer, Johannes H T M Koelman, Frans C T van der Helm, Alfred C Schouten, Marina A J Tijssen, Riender Happee
BACKGROUND: Effective sensorimotor integration is essential to modulate (adapt) neck stabilization strategies in response to varying tasks and disturbances. This study evaluates the hypothesis that relative to healthy controls cervical dystonia patients have an impaired ability to modulate afferent feedback for neck stabilization with changes in the frequency content of mechanical perturbations. METHODS: We applied anterior-posterior displacement perturbations (110s) on the torso of seated subjects, while recording head-neck kinematics and muscular activity...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099505/evaluation-of-6-and-10-year-old-child-human-body-models-in-emergency-events
#8
Laure-Lise Gras, Isabelle Stockman, Karin Brolin
Emergency events can influence a child's kinematics prior to a car-crash, and thus its interaction with the restraint system. Numerical Human Body Models (HBMs) can help understand the behaviour of children in emergency events. The kinematic responses of two child HBMs-MADYMO 6 and 10 year-old models-were evaluated and compared with child volunteers' data during emergency events-braking and steering-with a focus on the forehead and sternum displacements. The response of the 6 year-old HBM was similar to the response of the 10 year-old HBM, however both models had a different response compared with the volunteers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055084/forward-head-posture-and-activation-of-rectus-capitis-posterior-muscles
#9
Richard C Hallgren, Steven J Pierce, Dhruv B Sharma, Jacob J Rowan
CONTEXT: Rectus capitis posterior (RCP) muscles have physical attachments to the pain-sensitive spinal dura. Atrophy of these muscles is associated with chronic headache in some patients. The authors suspect that the significance of atrophy in the RCP muscles has been undervalued because the functional role of these muscles is not well defined. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a statistically significant change in normalized levels of electromyographic activity in RCP muscles occurs when the head is voluntarily moved from a self-selected neutral head position to a protruded head position...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957404/effects-of-real-world-versus-virtual-environments-on-joint-excursions-in-full-body-reaching-tasks
#10
James S Thomas, Christopher R France, Samuel T Leitkam, Megan E Applegate, Peter E Pidcoe, Stevan Walkowski
Starting from an upright standing posture and reaching for a target that requires some forward bending of the trunk can involve many different configurations of the trunk and limb segments. We sought to determine if configurations of the limb and trunk segments during our standardized full-body reaching tasks were influenced by the visual environment. This paper examined movement patterns of healthy participants ([Formula: see text], eight female and nine male) performing full body reaching tasks to: 1) real-world targets; 2) virtual targets presented on a 3-D television; and 3) virtual targets presented using a head-mounted display...
2016: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942696/pain-and-posture-of-children-and-adolescents-who-learn-the-accordion-as-compared-with-non-musician-students
#11
Liliana Aparicio, Filipa Mb Lã, Anabela G Silva
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the effect of practicing the accordion on pain and posture of children and adolescent students. METHODS: Pain and posture (forward head posture, scapular posture, and lumbar lordosis) were compared between two groups of preparatory and secondary school students, matched for age and sex: those who took accordion lessons (accordionists, n=16) and those who never studied a musical instrument (non-musicians, n=16). RESULTS: Students taking accordion lessons reported significantly more pain in the shoulder, wrist/hand, and thoracic regions (p<0...
December 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942122/the-effect-of-the-shoulder-stability-exercise-using-resistant-vibration-stimulus-on-forward-head-posture-and-muscle-activity
#12
Eun-Kyung Kim, Jong Ho Kang, Hyo Taek Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze shoulder stabilization using resistant vibration stimulus during bodyblade exercise followed by forward head posture improvement. [Subjects and Methods] Craniovertebral angle and cranial rotation angle were measured with 24 patients who were diagnosed with forward head posture. The experimental group conducted bodyblade exercise for 6 weeks and all patients received conventional physical therapy. The craniovertebral angle and cranial rotation angle were measured using a diagnostic imaging device to measure the change in forward head posture...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942108/effects-of-scapular-stability-exercise-on-shoulder-stability-and-rehabilitative-ultrasound-images-in-office-workers
#13
Seong-Uk Go, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] To examine the clinical effectiveness of scapular stability exercise on shoulder stability and rehabilitative ultrasound images in office workers. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty-eight subjects were randomly divided into a scapular stability exercise group (n=19) and a manual therapy group (n=19). Subjects in the scapular stability exercise group performed a scapular stability exercise designed to correct the abnormal location of the scapula, at 40 minutes per session, two times per week, for 6 weeks...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904800/cervical-contribution-to-functional-shoulder-impingement-two-case-reports
#14
Steven Pheasant
BACKGROUND: Subacromial impingement is a common condition among overhead athletes. The cause of subacromial impingement can be multifactorial and often involves impaired rotator cuff function. CASE DESCRIPTION: The following cases outline the presentation, examination and intervention of two overhead athletes, a high school football quarterback and a collegiate swimmer, each presenting with signs and symptoms of subacromial impingement. The unique feature in each case was the manifestation of the cervical spine as the apparent source of rotator cuff weakness, which contributed to functional subacromial impingement although other overt signs of cervical or associated nerve root involvement were absent...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868463/postural-changes-in-different-stages-of-schizophrenia-is-associated-with-inflammation-and-pain-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#15
Viviane Batista Cristiano, Michele Fonseca Vieira Szortyka, Maria Inês Lobato, Keila Maria Ceresér, Paulo Belmonte-de-Abreu
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between posture and inflammatory response markers (C-reactive protein [CRP] and von Willebrand factor [vWF]) in schizophrenics. METHODS: Forty patients with stable schizophrenia were divided into early-stage (<10 years since first episode, n = 15) and late-stage (≥10 years since first episode, n = 25) groups. Both groups were compared to controls (n = 26). All participants underwent postural assessment by biophotogrammetry...
November 21, 2016: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842938/effects-of-a-resistance-and-stretching-training-program-on-forward-head-and-protracted-shoulder-posture-in-adolescents
#16
Rodrigo Miguel Ruivo, Pedro Pezarat-Correia, Ana Isabel Carita
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a 16-week resistance and stretching training program applied in physical education (PE) classes on forward head posture and protracted shoulder posture in Portuguese adolescents. METHODS: This prospective, randomized, controlled study was conducted in 2 secondary schools. One hundred and thirty adolescents (aged 15-17 years) with forward head and protracted shoulder posture were randomly assigned to a control or experimental group...
January 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821966/effects-of-neurofeedback-training-on-the-brain-wave-of-adults-with-forward-head-posture
#17
Hyun-Ju Oh, Gui-Bin Song
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of neurofeedback training on electroencephalogram changes in the cervical spine in adults with forward head posture through x-ray. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of the study were 40 college students with forward head posture, randomly divided into a neurofeedback training group (NFTG, n=20) and a control group (CG, n=20). The neurofeedback training group performed six sessions of pottery and archery games, each for two minutes, three times per week for four weeks, while using the neurofeedback system...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821964/correlation-between-rounded-shoulder-posture-neck-disability-indices-and-degree-of-forward-head-posture
#18
Eun-Kyung Kim, Jin Seop Kim
[Purpose] The present study aimed to examine the correlation between rounded shoulder posture, neck disability indices and the degree of forward head posture. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects aged 19-24 years were selected for this study, and the craniovertebral angle was used to measure the degree of forward head posture in the standing and seated positions. Vernier calipers were used to measure rounded shoulder posture in the supine position, and neck pain and functional disability were assessed using neck disability indices...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821957/effects-of-neurofeedback-training-on-the-cervical-movement-of-adults-with-forward-head-posture
#19
Hyun-Ju Oh, Gui-Bin Song
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of neurofeedback training on postural changes in the cervical spine and changes in the range of motion of the neck and in the Neck Disability Index in adults with forward head posture. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of the study were 40 college students with forward head posture, randomly divided into a neurofeedback training group (NFTG, n=20) and a control group (CG, n=20). The neurofeedback training group received six sessions of pottery and archery games, each for two minutes, three times per week for four weeks, using the neurofeedback system...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799674/the-effect-of-feedback-respiratory-exercise-on-muscle-activity-craniovertebral-angle-and-neck-disability-index-of-the-neck-flexors-of-patients-with-forward-head-posture
#20
Jeong-Il Kang, Dae-Keun Jeong, Hyun Choi
[Purpose] This study aimed to simultaneously investigate the activities of the sternocleidomastoid muscle and scalenus anterior muscle, which are agonists of neck and breathing accessory muscles, by implementing breathing exercises. [Subjects and Methods] Thirteen subjects were selected for the experimental group, which performed feedback respiratory exercises with McKenzie exercises, and 12 subjects were selected for the control group, which performed McKenzie exercises alone. The intervention program was performed for 30 minutes a session, once a day, four times a week, and for 2 weeks before conducting the experiment...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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