Read by QxMD icon Read

Immune thrombocytopenia purpura

Tohru Takahashi, Yumiko Maruyama, Mayuko Saitoh, Hideto Itoh, Mitsuru Yoshimoto, Masayuki Tsujisaki, Masato Nakayama
A 64 year-old woman with steroid-dependent immune thrombocytopenia developed anemia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed the presence of a tumor, which was diagnosed to be diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, in the second portion of the duodenum. (18)F-fluorodeoxy glucose positron emission tomography showed an increased uptake mass in the pelvic cavity as well as in the duodenum. Though the duodenal tumor disappeared after 4 cycles of chemotherapy, the pelvic mass did not shrink in size. As a result, laparoscopic resection of the pelvic tumor was performed and the tumor was histologically diagnosed to be a gastrointestinal stromal tumor...
2016: Internal Medicine
Charbel Chater, Louis Terriou, Alain Duhamel, David Launay, Jean P Chambon, François R Pruvot, Moshe Rogosnitzky, Philippe Zerbib
INTRODUCTION: Corticosteroids are still the standard first-line treatment for immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). As second-line therapy, splenectomy and Rituximab are both recommended. The aim of our study was to compare the efficacy of Rituximab to splenectomy in persistent or chronic ITP patients. METHODS: Between January 1999 and March 2015, we retrospectively selected all consecutive patients who underwent an ITP second-line treatment: Rituximab or splenectomy...
November 2016: Annals of Surgery
Xiaoli Wei, Jie Gao, Ronnie H Fang, Brian T Luk, Ashley V Kroll, Diana Dehaini, Jiarong Zhou, Hyeon Woo Kim, Weiwei Gao, Weiyue Lu, Liangfang Zhang
Immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) is characterized by the production of pathological autoantibodies that cause reduction in platelet counts. The disease can have serious medical consequences, leading to uncontrolled bleeding that can be fatal. Current widely used therapies for the treatment of ITP are non-specific and can, at times, result in complications that are more burdensome than the disease itself. In the present study, the use of platelet membrane-coated nanoparticles (PNPs) as a platform for the specific clearance of anti-platelet antibodies is explored...
December 2016: Biomaterials
R Phuangtham, A Romphruk, C Puapairoj, C Leelayuwat, A V Romphruk
OBJECTIVES: A comparative study of allele frequencies at HPA-1 to -6 and HPA-15 in Burmese and Karen populations as well as at HPA-15 in north-eastern Thais (NET) is presented. BACKGROUND: Human platelet antigens (HPAs) are clinically important in several immune platelet disorders, including foetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT), post-transfusion purpura (PTP) and platelet transfusion refractoriness (PTR). The knowledge of antigen frequencies in a population is essential for the evaluation of patients suffering from immune-mediated platelet disorders...
October 3, 2016: Transfusion Medicine
A F Zea-Vera, B Parra
A 30-year-old Colombian woman with past history of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) presented to the emergency room with two days of global headache, arthralgia, myalgia, and low level fever and generalized erythematous rash. Platelets dropped to 9 × 10(9)/L (fourth day of symptoms) without hemorrhagic manifestations but recovered to 30 × 10(9)/L in 24 hours (fifth day). Dengue virus infection, as well as other viral infections, was ruled out. Zika virus (ZIKV) was evaluated in serum and urine samples by real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (genomic regions within E protein and NS2b protein)...
September 30, 2016: Lupus
Jyothis Purushothaman, Kochuthresia J Puthumana, Aswath Kumar, Susheela J Innah, Sareena Gilvaz
Immune thrombocytopenic purpura is a common acquired autoimmune disorder defined by a low platelet count secondary to accelerated platelet destruction or impaired thrombopoesis by anti-platelet antibodies. Thrombopoietin (TPO)-mimetic drugs such as eltrombopag and romiplostim have been used successfully in many nonpregnant individuals with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) but studies based on its effects in pregnancy are limited. A 27-year-old multigravida who is a known case of ITP with bad obstetric history was referred to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at 26 weeks of gestation with complaints of mucosal bleeding and recurrent abortions...
July 2016: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
Masao Hagihara, Morihiro Inoue, Kenichiro Kodama, Tomoyuki Uchida, Jian Hua
An 80-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of severe thrombocytopenia. He was diagnosed with idiopathic thrombocytopenia, and prednisolone together with eltrombopag was started, leading to significant improvement of platelet counts. Four years later, there was a prominent increase of peripheral blood monocytes, which was accompanied by recurrence of thrombocytopenia. Bone marrow aspirates and serum electrophoresis revealed coexistence of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) and multiple myeloma (MM)...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
Takahiro Tsuji, Hiromi Mochinaga, Hiroshi Yamasaki, Hiroyuki Tsuda
An 83-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a severe headache and purpura. She had previously been diagnosed with idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) and achieved complete remission with steroid therapy. Steroid therapy had been completed one week prior to the current admission. The recurrence of severe thrombocytopenia (<1.0×10(4) platelets/μl) was detected and a CT scan revealed pituitary hemorrhage without pituitary adenoma. She received steroid therapy combined with intravenous immunoglobulin, which resulted in the amelioration of ITP and improvements in the pituitary hemorrhage...
July 2016: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Hyoung Soo Choi, Mi Hong Ji, Sung Jin Kim, Hyo Seop Ahn
BACKGROUND: Childhood immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a common acquired bleeding disorder. Even though most children recover, either spontaneously or with therapy, 10-20% of newly diagnosed ITP cases have a chronic course beyond 12 months. This study evaluated whether clinical and laboratory findings can predict the response to intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and progression to persistent or chronic ITP in children. METHODS: During the period between March 2003 and June 2015, we retrospectively analyzed 72 children, newly diagnosed with ITP, who received IVIG treatment...
June 2016: Blood Research
Mikias Negash, Aster Tsegaye, Amha G/Medhin
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow examination may be required to discriminate causes of thrombocytopenia as hypoproductive or hyperdestructive. However, this procedure is invasive and time consuming. This study assessed the diagnostic value of Mean Platelet Volume (MPV), Platelet Distribution Width (PDW) and Platelet Large Cell-Ratio (P-LCR) in discriminating causes of thrombocytopenia as hypoproductive or hyperdestructive (Immune thrombocytopenia purpura). METHOD: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 83 thrombocytopenic patients (Plt < 150 × 10(9)/L)...
2016: BMC Hematology
Arshi Naz, Samina Naz Mukry, Mahwish Rauf Shaikh, Ali Raza Bukhari, Tahir Sultan Shamsi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a clinical syndrome in which a decreased number of circulating platelets (thrombocytopenia) manifests as a bleeding tendency, easy bruising (purpura) or extravasation of blood from capillaries into skin and mucous membranes (petechiae). The diagnosis of ITP can be made clinically on the basis of symptoms, we need to see if ITP can be confirmed in patients by quantification of residual RNA containing immature platelets (megakaryocytic mass) or immature platelets fraction (IPF) using automated hematology analyzers (Sysmex XE-2100)...
May 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Mohd Farid Baharin, Jasbir Singh Dhaliwal, Smrdhi V V Sarachandran, Siti Zaharah Idris, Seoh Leng Yeoh
BACKGROUND: Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is a rare X-linked disorder characterized by microthrombocytopenia, eczema, and recurrent infections. It is caused by mutations of the WAS gene. Microthrombocytopenia has been regarded as the key criteria in diagnosing this rare condition. However, in this case report, we describe a case of Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome with normal platelet size. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 9-month-old Malay boy who presented with persistent thrombocytopenia from birth...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Mojca Bizjak, Or Bruck, Darja Kanduc, Sonja Praprotnik, Yehuda Shoenfeld
A 13-year-old girl developed immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and concomitant positive antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) following vaccination with a quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine. During the course of a disease, she developed clinical manifestation with bleeding and she was treated with intravenous immunoglobulins. Consequently, the number of her platelets remained critically low and she was put on corticosteroids and rituximab. Since then, her platelet count remain within the normal range, but her aPL are still present...
April 2016: Seminars in Hematology
Jordan M Morton, James N George
The unexpected occurrence of thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), characterized by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia, in a patient with cancer requires urgent diagnosis and appropriate management. TMA is a term used to describe multiple syndromes caused by microvascular thrombosis, including thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), Shiga toxin-mediated hemolytic uremic syndrome, and complement-mediated TMA. In patients with cancer, systemic microvascular metastases and bone marrow involvement can cause microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia...
June 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
S Sami Kartı, Necmi Eren, Mehmet Sönmez, Mustafa Yılmaz, Ümit Çobanoğlu, Halil Kavgacı, Hasan Bozkaya, Ercüment Ovalı
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) typically presents with consumptive thrombocytopenia, non-immune intravascular hemolytic anemia, renal failure, various neurologic findings and fever. It is a clinical syndrome that can be associated with drugs such as ticlopidine, quinine, mitomycin C and cyclosporine, allogeneic stem cell transplantation, pregnancy, infections, autoimmune diseases and metastatic carcinoma. Here, we describe a 48-years- old women presented with full picture of TTP and diagnosed as leiomyosarcoma with further evaluation...
September 5, 2003: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
Rawand Pouls Shamoon, Nawsherwan Sadiq Muhammed, Muhammed Salih Jaff
OBJECTIVE: To determine prevalence and define causes of pregnancy associated thrombocytopenia METHODS: A total of 850 pregnant women at different ages of gestation were screened for ‎thrombocytopenia. A control group of 150 age-matched nonpregnant women were tested for ‎platelet count. Neoborns of thrombocytopenic women were tested within 24 hours of ‎delivery and reassessment of women's platelets was done within 7-10 days post delivery. ‎ RESULTS: The mean platelet count in pregnant women was significantly lower than in nonpregnant ‎women (221±59...
September 5, 2009: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
Toshio Itoh
A female diagnosed as having immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) was found to be simultaneously suffering from monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (IgGλ). Urine Bence-Jones protein was negative. During the course, plasma cells accounted for 21.6% of the bone marrow. Based on these clinical features in our case, the second disease was diagnosed as multiple myeloma (MM). Both ITP and MM were successfully treated with corticosteroids, bortezomib, lenalidomide with dexamethasone and eltrombopag olamine...
May 2016: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Abdul Rehman
Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) in children is usually a benign and self-limiting disorder. It may follow a viral infection or immunization and is caused by an inappropriate response of the immune system. The diagnosis relies on the exclusion of other causes of thrombocytopenia. This paper discusses the differential diagnoses and investigations, especially the importance of bone marrow aspiration. The course of the disease and incidence of intracranial hemorrhage are also discussed. There is substantial discrepancy between published guidelines and between clinicians who like to over-treat...
June 5, 2007: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
Işın Yaprak, Berna Atabay, İkbal Durak, Meral Türker, Haldun Öniz, Esra Arun Özer
OBJECTIVE: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is the most common cause of acquired thrombocytopenia in children. The objective of this study was to evaluate the presenting features, variation in the clinical courses, initial response rate to therapy, and long-term outcome in patients with ITP. METHODS: Three hundred and fifty out of 491 newly diagnosed patients with ITP between the initial diagnosis ages of 6 months to 16 years were included in this retrospective, descriptive study...
September 5, 2010: Turkish Journal of Haematology: Official Journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
Ying Lin, Xieming Zhou, Wenjian Guo, Qianqian Li, Xiahui Pan, Yunhua Bao, Muqing He, Baoling Zhu, Xiaoji Lin, Limin Jin, Rongxin Yao
Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune hemorrhagic disorder characterized by reduction in platelet counts. T helper 1 (Th1) cells polarization with an increased shift of Th1/Th2 ratio has been reported in ITP. This shift is associated with transcription factor T-box expressed in T cells (T-bet) upregulation and GATA-binding protein 3 (GATA-3) downregulation, leading to an increased T-bet/GATA-3 ratio. Our previous in vitro study showed that recombinant human interleukin-11 (rhIL-11) could normalize Th1/Th2 imbalance in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) isolated from adult ITP patients, which co-occurred with T-bet/GATA-3 ratio restoration...
September 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"