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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26830280/ultrasound-examination-of-pediatric-musculoskeletal-diseases-and-neonatal-spine
#1
REVIEW
Alka Sudhir Karnik, Alpana Karnik, Alpana Joshi
Ultrasound (US) is a simple, non-invasive imaging modality which allows high-resolution imaging of the musculoskeletal (MSK) system. Its increasing popularity in pediatrics is due to the fact that it does not involve radiation, has an ability to visualize non-ossified cartilaginous and vascular structures, allows dynamic imaging and quick contralateral comparison. US is the primary imaging modality in some pediatric MSK conditions like infant hip in developmental dysplasia (DDH), hip joint effusion, epiphyseal trauma and evaluation of the neonatal spine...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26690019/resident-accuracy-of-electromyography-needle-electrode-placement-using-ultrasound-verification
#2
Kristopher Karvelas, Craig Ziegler, Monica E Rho
BACKGROUND: Electromyography (EMG) and musculoskeletal (MSK) ultrasound (US) are core learning objectives during physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) training. However, there have been no prior studies using MSK US to assess the acquisition of EMG procedural skills during residency training. This study aims to demonstrate the differences in skillful needle placement between junior and senior physiatry residents. The integration of both EMG and MSK US may have tremendous potential for additional learning opportunities related to electrodiagnostic education...
August 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26641833/feasibility-and-implementation-of-musculoskeletal-ultrasound-training-in-occupational-medicine-residency-education
#3
Yusef Sayeed, Antonella Marrocco, Keziah Sully, Charles Werntz, Anna Allen, Joseph Minardi
OBJECTIVE: This article aims to present the musculoskeletal (MSK) ultrasound (US) course, the objective measures of occupational medicine (OM) resident skill, and subjective opinions of OM residents regarding the MSK US course and MSK US in general. Also, to provide other OM residency programs information to help them develop this skill for their programs. METHODS: Didactic sessions based on American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine (AIUM) guidelines were taught in modular format with subsequent practice-based workshops...
December 2015: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26614546/proceedings-from-the-8th-annual-international-society-for-musculoskeletal-imaging-in-rheumatology-isemir-conference
#4
REVIEW
Orrin M Troum, Olga L Pimienta, Ewa Olech, Mikkel Østergaard, Ralf Thiele, Judy L Seraphine, George A W Bruyn, Charles Peterfy
The International Society for Musculoskeletal Imaging in Rheumatology (ISEMIR) was founded in 2005 with the goal of discussing matters related to imaging in rheumatology, particularly, validation, education, and use in both clinical practice and research. The field of musculoskeletal (MSK) imaging is continuously evolving; therefore, education for healthcare providers in this field is of paramount importance. ISEMIR's international faculty and world-renowned experts presented the newest information as it relates to the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound (US) at the 8th annual ISEMIR meeting that took place on April 17-18 in Santa Monica, California...
June 2016: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26607640/mri-guided-focused-ultrasound-surgery-in-musculoskeletal-diseases-the-hot-topics
#5
REVIEW
Alberto Bazzocchi, Alessandro Napoli, Beatrice Sacconi, Giuseppe Battista, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Carlo Catalano, Ugo Albisinni
MRI-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) is a minimally invasive treatment guided by the most sophisticated imaging tool available in today's clinical practice. Both the imaging and therapeutic sides of the equipment are based on non-ionizing energy. This technique is a very promising option as potential treatment for several pathologies, including musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders. Apart from clinical applications, MRgFUS technology is the result of long, heavy and cumulative efforts exploring the effects of ultrasound on biological tissues and function, the generation of focused ultrasound and treatment monitoring by MRI...
2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26543553/the-accuracy-of-diagnostic-ultrasound-imaging-for-musculoskeletal-soft-tissue-pathology-of-the-extremities-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Rogan E A Henderson, Bruce F Walker, Kenneth J Young
Musculoskeletal diagnostic ultrasound imaging (MSK-DUSI) has been growing outside the traditional radiology speciality. Increased use of this technology has been reported in several healthcare settings, however an apparent gap in the knowledge of the accuracy of this diagnostic technology indicated a review was warranted. We undertook a structured review of the literature to assess the accuracy of MSK-DUSI for the diagnosis of musculoskeletal soft tissue pathology of the extremities. An electronic search of the National Library of Medicine's PubMed database (1972 to mid-2014) was conducted...
2015: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26543512/the-role-of-ultrasound-imaging-of-callus-formation-in-the-treatment-of-long-bone-fractures-in-children
#7
Magdalena Wawrzyk, Jan Sokal, Ewa Andrzejewska, Przemysław Przewratil
BACKGROUND: In the process of diagnosis and treatment of fractures, an X-ray study is typically performed. In modern medicine very important is the development of new diagnostic methods without adverse effects on the body. One of such techniques is ultrasound imaging. It has a high value in imaging most areas of the body, including the musculoskeletal system. Reports on the use of ultrasound in the evaluation of the callus are rare and this could be a method equivalent to or even better than standard radiographs...
2015: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26317896/interventional-msk-procedures-the-hip
#8
REVIEW
Emilie Dodré, Guillaume Lefebvre, Eric Cockenpot, Patrick Chastanet, Anne Cotten
Percutaneous musculoskeletal procedures are widely accepted as low invasive, highly effective, efficient and safe methods in a vast amount of hip pathologies either in diagnostic or in therapeutic management. Hip intra-articular injections are used for the symptomatic treatment of osteoarthritis. Peritendinous or intrabursal corticosteroid injections can be used for the symptomatic treatment of greater trochanteric pain syndrome and anterior iliopsoas impingement. In past decades, the role of interventional radiology has rapidly increased in metastatic disease, thanks to the development of many ablative techniques...
2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26258970/-the-imaging-of-musculoskeletal-manifestations-and-complications-in-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Jindra Brtková
The musculoskeletal system is one of the major regions, where changes caused by diabetes mellitus (DM) are often encountered causing severe impairment of the quality of patients´ lives. These changes have therefore become an important focus of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, with imaging methods - both plain radiography, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to a lesser extent ultrasound (US), being their cornerstones. In the article the images of musculoskeletal (MSK) manifestations of diabetes mellitus are presented, structured into changes directly caused by DM, metabolic consequences of DM, syndromes with increased coincidence with DM and septic complications...
June 2015: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26163811/the-clinical-efficacy-and-safety-of-ureteroscopic-laser-papillotomy-to-treat-intraductal-papillary-calculi-associated-with-medullary-sponge-kidney
#10
Gang Xu, Jiaming Wen, Bohan Wang, Zhongyi Li, Chuanjun Du
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety, efficacy, and durability of ureteroscopic laser papillotomy for the treatment of radiographically visible intraductal papillary calculi and/or free collecting system calculi associated with medullary sponge kidney (MSK). METHODS: The medical records of 25 MSK patients who underwent ureteroscopic laser papillotomy were reviewed at our institution from 2010 to 2013. The follow-up was made in our outpatient department. Pain was assessed using a standard verbal analog pain scale...
September 2015: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26093660/evaluation-of-mri-us-fusion-technology-in-sports-related-musculoskeletal-injuries
#11
Manuel Wong-On, Lluís Til-Pérez, Ramón Balius
INTRODUCTION: A combination of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with real-time high-resolution ultrasound (US) known as fusion imaging may improve visualization of musculoskeletal (MSK) sports medicine injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of MRI-US fusion technology in MSK sports medicine. METHODS: This study was conducted by the medical services of the FC Barcelona. The participants included volunteers and referred athletes with symptomatic and asymptomatic MSK injuries...
June 2015: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25908178/proceedings-from-the-7th-annual-international-society-for-musculoskeletal-imaging-in-rheumatology-isemir-conference
#12
REVIEW
Orrin M Troum, Olga L Pimienta, Wolfgang A Schmidt, Mikkel Ostergaard, Maria Antonietta D'Agostino, Norman Gaylis, William Arnold, Ami Ben-Artzi, Veena Ranganath, Judy L Seraphine, Charles Peterfy
The International Society for Musculoskeletal Imaging in Rheumatology (ISEMIR) was founded in 2005 with the goal of discussing matters related to imaging in rheumatology, particularly, validation, education, and use in clinical practice and research. Because the field of musculoskeletal (MSK) imaging is rapidly evolving, continuous education in the field is imperative. ISEMIR's international faculty and world-renowned experts presented the newest information as it relates to the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound (US) at the 7th annual ISEMIR meeting which took place on April 12-14, 2014 in Santa Monica, California...
August 2015: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25830266/musculoskeletal-ultrasound-education-orthopaedic-resident-ability-following-a-multimedia-tutorial
#13
Jonathan R Piposar, Mark Easley, James A Nunley, James K DeOrio, Paul G Talusan, Kyle E Gubler, John S Reach
Musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSK-US) is a quick and effective imaging tool that can be utilized by orthopaedic surgeons to identify common musculoskeletal pathology such as ankle tendinopathy. This study evaluated the ability of 15 orthopaedic surgery residents to identify and measure ankle tendons after attending a multimedia tutorial on MSK-US. Afterwards, proficiency of usage was assessed by identification and quantification of three ankle tendons (Achilles, tibialis posterior, and flexor hallucis longus) in a cadaver limb...
2015: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25536482/american-medical-society-for-sports-medicine-recommended-sports-ultrasound-curriculum-for-sports-medicine-fellowships
#14
Jonathan T Finnoff, David Berkoff, Fred Brennan, John DiFiori, Mederic M Hall, Kimberly Harmon, Mark Lavallee, Sean Martin, Jay Smith, Mark Stovak
The following sports ultrasound (SPORTS US) curriculum is a revision of the curriculum developed by the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine (AMSSM) in 2010. Several changes have been made to the curriculum with the primary aim of providing a pathway by which a sports medicine fellow can obtain sufficient SPORTS US training to become proficient in the core competencies of SPORTS US. The core competencies of SPORTS US are outlined in the learning objectives section of this document. The term "SPORTS US" was purposefully chosen rather than "musculoskeletal ultrasound" (MSK US) because it was recognized by the panel that the evolving field of SPORTS US encompasses non-MSK applications of ultrasound such as the FAST examination (focused assessment with sonography for trauma)...
January 2015: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25533819/complication-and-safety-of-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-in-8-025-cases-in-china
#15
Jianxing Li, Bo Xiao, Weiguo Hu, Bo Yang, Liang Chen, Hao Hu, Xiaofeng Wang
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) was mostly performed with fluoroscopy and/or ultrasonography. The safety and feasibility of PCNL performed totally under ultrasound are not clearly defined. Therefore, we introduce the 9-year experience of 8 025 ultrasound guided PCNL procedures from multiple centers in China performed by the same surgeon, to evaluate the feasibility and security of this technique. METHODS: From September 2004 to August 2013, 8 025 cases, 4 398 males (54...
2014: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25455052/evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-bedside-point-of-care-ultrasound-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-distal-radius-fractures
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nalan Kozaci, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Mehmet Akcimen, Gokcen Turhan, Ikbal Sasmaz, Sadullah Turhan, Ahmet Celik
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the effectiveness of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) with direct radiography in diagnosis and management of the patients with distal radius fractures (DRFs). METHODS: In this study, patients between ages 5 and 55 years admitted to the emergency department with low energy upper extremity trauma with suspected DRF were evaluated with POCUS and direct radiography by emergency physicians (EPs) trained in either musculoskeletal (MSK) imaging or x-ray interpretation of DRF...
January 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25346103/familial-mixed-nephrocalcinosis-as-a-cause-of-chronic-kidney-failure-two-case-reports
#17
Pedro Francisco Ferraz de Arruda, Márcio Gatti, José Germano Ferraz de Arruda, Fernando Nestor Fácio, Luis Cesar Fava Spessoto, Laísa Ferraz de Arruda, José Maria Pereira de Godoy, Moacir Fernandes Godoy
INTRODUCTION: Nephrocalcinosis consists of the deposition of calcium salts in the renal parenchyma and is considered the mixed form when it involves the renal cortex and medulla. The main etiological agents of this condition are primary hyperparathyroidism, renal tubular acidosis, medullary sponge kidney, hyperoxaluria and taking certain drugs. These factors can lead to hypercalcemia and/or hypercalciuria, which can give rise to nephrocalcinosis. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Patient 1 was a 48-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of bilateral nephrocalcinosis causing chronic kidney failure...
October 27, 2014: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25039017/heterogeneous-fascicle-behavior-within-the-biceps-femoris-long-head-at-different-muscle-activation-levels
#18
Hunter J Bennett, Patrick M Rider, Zachary J Domire, Paul DeVita, Anthony S Kulas
Magnetic resonance and ultrasound imaging have shown hamstring strain injuries occur most often in the biceps femoris long head (BFLH), and particularly in the proximal vs. distal region of this muscle. Animal research and musculoskeletal modeling (MSK) have detected heterogeneous fascicle behavior within muscle regions, and within fascicles. Understanding architectural behavior differences during muscle contractions may help to discern possible mechanisms behind proximal BFLH injuries. The purpose of our study was to assess the magnitude of shortening of the proximal and distal fascicles of the BFLH under a range of muscle activation levels under isometric conditions using ultrasound imaging (US)...
September 22, 2014: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24677957/a29-power-and-colour-doppler-findings-in-lower-extremity-entheses-of-healthy-children-effect-of-measurement-distance-from-insertion-and-joint-position
#19
Johannes Roth, Luca Digeso
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Musculoskeletal ultrasound has significant potential in the assessment of the pediatric entheses. Doppler signals at the site of tendon insertions are often considered as signs of pathology for enthesitis as well as apophysitis. The normal pediatric enthesis can nevertheless exhibit Doppler signals as well and this might be especially relevant during periods of rapid growth with increased mechanical strain. Limited and partially confliciting data is available for Doppler charactistics of the normal pediatric enthesis...
March 2014: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24449415/educational-benefits-of-fusing-magnetic-resonance-imaging-with-sonograms
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andrew Vollman, Rachel Hulen, Scott Dulchavsky, Howard Pinchcofsky, David Amponsah, Gordon Jacobsen, Alexandria Dulchavsky, Marnix van Holsbeeck
PURPOSE: To investigate whether providing sonographic (US)/MRI fusion images will enhance the ability of medical students and radiology residents to identify MSK anatomy on sonograms alone. METHODS: Medical students (n = 31) and radiology residents (n = 23) were each randomly divided into two groups: Group A and Group B. Subjects in Group A were shown 10 MSK sonograms with arrows pointing to a specific anatomic structure or anatomic region. Subjects in Group B were shown the exact same 10 annotated sonograms as Group A as well as an additional fusion image consisting of an MRI of the same anatomy in the same plane fused with the sonogram without arrows...
June 2014: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
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