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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734232/the-impact-of-a-faculty-training-program-on-inclusive-education-and-disability
#1
Anabel Moriña, Rafael Carballo
This paper describes the knowledge gained by 20 faculty members following their participation in a training program on inclusive education and disability. The study, which was conducted at an university in Spain, aimed to design, implement and evaluate a program for training faculty members to respond in an inclusive manner to the needs of students with disabilities. An initial, formative and summative qualitative evaluation was carried out and four instruments were used for collecting the data: group and individual interviews, written open-ended questionnaires and observations...
June 23, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730825/the-implication-of-ampa-receptor-in-synaptic-plasticity-impairment-and-intellectual-disability-in-fragile-x-syndrome
#2
G-R Cheng, X-Y Li, Y-D Xiang, D Liu, S M McClintock, Y Zeng
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most frequently inherited form of intellectual disability and prevalent single-gene cause of autism. A priority of FXS research is to determine the molecular mechanisms underlying the cognitive and social functioning impairments in humans and the FXS mouse model. Glutamate ionotropic alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptors (AMPARs) mediate a majority of fast excitatory neurotransmission in the central nervous system and are critically important for nearly all aspects of brain function, including neuronal development, synaptic plasticity, and learning and memory...
July 18, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730064/access-to-curriculum-for-students-with-disabilities-at-higher-education-institutions-how-does-the-national-university-of-lesotho-fare
#3
Paseka A Mosia, Nareadi Phasha
BACKGROUND: Creating access to curricula at institutions of higher education for students with disabilities requires a concerted effort from management and other key stakeholders to identify students' needs and create opportunities for success. OBJECTIVES: This paper presents the findings of a study which examined students with disabilities' access to curricula at a higher education institution in Lesotho. METHOD: Data for this qualitative study were collected using three methods: in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and document analysis...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729882/breastfeeding-is-associated-with-enhanced-learning-abilities-in-school-aged-children
#4
Johanna Inhyang Kim, Bung-Nyun Kim, Jae-Won Kim, Soon-Beom Hong, Min-Sup Shin, Hee Jeong Yoo, Soo-Churl Cho
OBJECTIVE: The majority of studies on the associations between breastfeeding and cognitive functioning have focused on IQ, with only a few investigating learning skills, and none of the latter adjusting for maternal IQ. We examined the association between breastfeeding and learning abilities in school-aged children using a cross-sectional design. METHODS: We recruited 868 children, aged 8-11 years and parents completed the Learning Disability Evaluation Scale (LDES)...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729533/common-brain-structure-findings-across-children-with-varied-reading-disability-profiles
#5
Mark A Eckert, Kenneth I Vaden, Amanda B Maxwell, Stephanie L Cute, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Virginia W Berninger
Dyslexia is a developmental disorder in reading that exhibits varied patterns of expression across children. Here we examined the degree to which different kinds of reading disabilities (defined as profiles or patterns of reading problems) contribute to brain morphology results in Jacobian determinant images that represent local brain shape and volume. A matched-pair brain morphometry approach was used to control for confounding from brain size and research site effects in this retrospective multi-site study of 134 children from eight different research sites...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729324/access-and-quality-of-maternity-care-for-disabled-women-during-pregnancy-birth-and-the-postnatal-period-in-england-data-from-a-national-survey
#6
Reem Malouf, Jane Henderson, Maggie Redshaw
OBJECTIVES: More disabled women are becoming mothers, and yet, their care is rarely the focus of quantitative research. This study aimed to investigate access and quality of maternity care for women with differing disabilities. DESIGN: Secondary analysis was conducted on data from a 2015 national survey of women's experience of maternity care. Descriptive and adjusted analyses were undertaken for five disability groups: physical disability, sensory impairment, mental health disability, learning disability and multiple disability, and comparisons were made with the responses of non-disabled women...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726269/previous-physical-exercise-alters-hepatic-profile-of-oxidative-inflammatory-status-and-limits-the-secondary-brain-damage-induced-by-severe-tbi-in-rats
#7
Mauro Robson Torres de Castro, Ana Paula de Oliveira Ferreira, Guilherme Lago Busanello, Luís Roberto Hart da Silva, Mauro Eduardo Porto da Silveira Junior, Fernando Fiorin, Gabriela Arrifano, Maria Elena Crespo López, Rômulo Pillon Barcelos, María J Cuevas, Guilherme Bresciani, Javier González-Gallego, Michele Rechia Fighera, Luiz Fernando Freire Royes
Although systemic responses have been described after traumatic brain injury (TBI), little is known regarding potential interactions between brain and peripheral organs after neuronal injury. In this sense, we decided to investigate whether peripheral oxidative/inflammatory response contributes to the neuronal dysfunction after TBI as well as prophylactic role of exercise training. Animals were submitted to fluid percussion injury (FPI) after 6 weeks of swimming training. Previous exercise training increased mRNA expression of X receptor alpha (LXR-α), ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABCA1), and decreased inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL)-6 expression per se in liver...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722772/understanding-leisure-time-physical-activity-voices-of-people-with-ms-who-have-moderate-to-severe-disability-and-their-family-caregivers
#8
Afolasade Fakolade, Julie Lamarre, Amy Latimer-Cheung, Trisha Parsons, Sarah A Morrow, Marcia Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial for all people, yet people affected by multiple sclerosis (MS) find regular PA challenging. These people may include individuals with the disease who have moderate-to-severe disability and their family caregivers. For researchers and clinicians to effectively promote PA among caregiver/care-recipient dyads with moderate-to-severe MS, a comprehensive understanding of the shared PA experiences of these dyads would be beneficial. OBJECTIVE: We explored shared experiences of caregiver/care-recipient dyads affected by moderate-to-severe MS about PA and directions for intervention...
July 19, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721785/creating-calm-amid-confrontation
#9
Bradley Squirrell
In my first year of training, I had a placement on a challenging behaviours unit for people with a learning disability. One night shift at about 11.30pm a service user, who I will call Charlotte, became physically and verbally aggressive towards staff members. This was due to an incident earlier in the day with another service user.
July 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716536/looking-at-hospitalized-persons-throughout-the-prism-of-the-handicap
#10
M Giral, B Boussat, F Lombard, S Stempfle, P François, D Pérennou
OBJECTIVE: To describe the disability status of non-selected hospitalized persons. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey to assess activity limitations of every person older than 18 years hospitalized in a regional university hospital covering all medical fields. Evaluators rated, on a scale from 0 to 4, 22 selected items of the International Classification of Functioning (ICF), covering the 6 following domains: learning and applying knowledge, general tasks and demands, communication, mobility, self-care, and interpersonal interactions and relationships...
July 14, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715932/the-association-of-socioeconomic-conditions-and-readiness-to-learn-new-ways-of-performing-daily-activities-in-older-adults-with-functional-difficulties
#11
Kelly T Gleason, Laura N Gitlin, Sarah L Szanton
Behavioral interventions for older adults can reduce difficulties in performing daily activities, hospitalizations, and mortality risk. The success of behavior change interventions, however, can be affected by a participant's readiness to adopt changes. This study evaluates whether socioeconomic conditions, particularly financial strain affording food, are associated with readiness to change. We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive study of baseline data from disabled older adults ( N = 147) participating in an intervention to reduce physical disability...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702811/a-machine-learning-framework-involving-eeg-based-functional-connectivity-to-diagnose-major-depressive-disorder-mdd
#12
Wajid Mumtaz, Syed Saad Azhar Ali, Mohd Azhar Mohd Yasin, Aamir Saeed Malik
Major depressive disorder (MDD), a debilitating mental illness, could cause functional disabilities and could become a social problem. An accurate and early diagnosis for depression could become challenging. This paper proposed a machine learning framework involving EEG-derived synchronization likelihood (SL) features as input data for automatic diagnosis of MDD. It was hypothesized that EEG-based SL features could discriminate MDD patients and healthy controls with an acceptable accuracy better than measures such as interhemispheric coherence and mutual information...
July 13, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696078/the-phenotype-of-ezh2-haploinsufficiency-1-2-mb-deletion-at-7q36-1-in-a-child-with-tall-stature-and-intellectual-disability
#13
Tanay Suri, Abhijit Dixit
Weaver syndrome is a rare overgrowth syndrome with distinct facial features in young children and variable learning disability. Heterozygous missense mutations in EZH2 are present in over 90% of patients with Weaver syndrome but the exact mechanism by which EZH2 mutations cause Weaver syndrome is unknown. We report an 11-year-old boy with a de novo 1.2-Mb deletion at 7q36.1 including EZH2 who has tall stature, significant intellectual disability, and some physical features of Weaver syndrome. Emerging evidence in the literature indicates that Weaver syndrome EZH2 mutations may result in loss of function of the gene and our report suggests that haploinsufficiency of EZH2 may replicate the clinical phenotype of Weaver syndrome...
July 11, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693512/a-prospective-quantitative-study-of-mental-health-act-assessments-in-england-following-the-2007-amendments-to-the-1983-act-did-the-changes-fulfill-their-promise
#14
Swaran P Singh, Moli Paul, Helen Parsons, Tom Burns, Peter Tyrer, Seena Fazel, Shoumitro Deb, Zoebia Islam, Jorun Rugkåsa, Ruchika Gajwani, Lavanya Thana, Michael J Crawford
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Mental Health Act (MHA) 2007 amendments to the MHA 1983 were implemented in England and Wales. The amendments were intended to remove perceived obstacles to the detention of high risk patients with personality disorders (PDs), sexual deviance and learning disabilities (LDs). The AMEND study aimed to test the hypothesis that the implementation of these changes would lead to an increase in numbers or proportions of patients with these conditions who would be assessed and detained under the MHA 2007...
July 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693367/a-comparison-of-the-college-experience-for-students-with-and-without-disabilities
#15
Anthony J Plotner, Cynthia May
Students with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have joined the ranks of college students in pursuit of personal independence, community integration, and employment. To achieve these aims, there is a need for a strong understanding of the college experience for students with IDD, including identification of the academic, social, and personal challenges they face as well as the supports that are available to address those challenges. This research provides preliminary insights into the college experience for students with IDD by comparing the perceptions, attitudes, and activities of students with IDD to those of students without disabilities and students with mild learning disabilities (MLD)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691134/seizure-disorders-and-developmental-disorders-impact-on-life-of-affected-families-a-structured-interview
#16
Ulrike Petra Spindler, Lena Charlott Hotopp, Vivien Angela Bach, Frauke Hornemann, Steffen Syrbe, Anna Andreas, Andreas Merkenschlager, Wieland Kiess, Matthias Karl Bernhard, Thilo Bertsche, Martina Patrizia Neininger, Astrid Bertsche
Seizure disorder and developmental disorder are two of the most common chronic disorders in childhood. Data on perceived parental burden and specific effects on daily life is scarce. We performed a structured interview, consecutively talking to all parents of pediatric outpatients of our university hospital diagnosed with seizure or developmental disorder. Three hundred seven parents (of 317 affected children: 53 with seizure disorder, 44 with specific developmental disorder, 35 with learning disorder, 71 with intellectual disability, 15 with seizure + specific developmental disorder, 23 with seizure + learning disorder, 76 with seizure disorder + intellectual disability) were interviewed...
August 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690312/wolff-parkinson-white-syndrome-with-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-a-brazilian-family
#17
Lenises de Paula van der Steld, Oscar Campuzano, Alexandra Pérez-Serra, Mabel Moura de Barros Zamorano, Selma Sousa Matos, Ramon Brugada
BACKGROUND PRKAG2 syndrome diagnosis is already well-defined as Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW), ventricular hypertrophy (VH) due to glycogen accumulation, and conduction system disease (CSD). Because of its rarity, there is a lack of literature focused on the treatment. The present study aimed to describe appropriate strategies for the treatment of affected family members with PRKAG2 syndrome with a long follow-up period. CASE REPORT We studied 60 selected individuals from 84 family members (32 males, 53...
July 10, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690173/immediate-and-delayed-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-as-a-neuroprotective-treatment-for-traumatic-brain-injury-in-mice
#18
Renana Baratz-Goldstein, Shlomi Toussia-Cohen, Aviya Elpaz, Vardit Rubovitch, Chaim G Pick
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury is the most common cause of death or chronic disability among people under-35-years-old. There is no effective pharmacological treatment currently existing for TBI. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is defined as the inhalation of pure oxygen in a hyperbaric chamber that is pressurized higher than 1atm. HBOT offers physiological and mechanical effects by inducing a state of increased pressure and hyperoxia. HBOT has been proposed as an effective treatment for moderate traumatic brain injury (mTBI), yet the exact therapeutic window and mechanism that underlies this effect is not completely understood...
July 8, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689673/the-anatomy-of-apathy-a-neurocognitive-framework-for-amotivated-behavior
#19
C Le Heron, M A J Apps, M Husain
Apathy is a debilitating syndrome associated with many neurological disorders, including several common neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease, and focal lesion syndromes such as stroke. Here, we review neuroimaging studies to identify anatomical correlates of apathy, across brain disorders. Our analysis reveals that apathy is strongly associated with disruption particularly of dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC), ventral striatum (VS) and connected brain regions...
July 6, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689189/early-hearing-detection-and-vocabulary-of-children-with-hearing-loss
#20
Christine Yoshinaga-Itano, Allison L Sedey, Mallene Wiggin, Winnie Chung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To date, no studies have examined vocabulary outcomes of children meeting all 3 components of the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention (EHDI) guidelines (hearing screening by 1 month, diagnosis of hearing loss by 3 months, and intervention by 6 months of age). The primary purpose of the current study was to examine the impact of the current EHDI 1-3-6 policy on vocabulary outcomes across a wide geographic area. A secondary goal was to confirm the impact of other demographic variables previously reported to be related to language outcomes...
July 8, 2017: Pediatrics
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