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MicroRNAs and early detection

Zhenyu Shen, Wenxiang Tang, Jiang Guo, Shenghua Sun
Altered microRNA (miRNA or miR) expression has been reported in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present study aimed to identify the involvement of miRNAs in the pathophysiology of COPD and to explore the effects of various miRNAs with significant alteration on COPD in vitro. We conducted high‑throughput analysis of miRNAs (miRNA microarray) in lung samples from 10 COPD patients and 10 healthy persons with a validation experiment using quantitative (real‑time) polymerase chain reaction (real‑time PCR) panels...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Nan Feng, Gaoyuan Song, Jiantao Guan, Kai Chen, Meiling Jia, Dehua Huang, Jiajie Wu, Lichao Zhang, Xiuying Kong, Shuaifeng Geng, Jun Liu, Aili Li, Long Mao
Early reproductive development in cereals is crucial for final grain number per spike, and hence the yield potential of the crop. To date, however, no systematic analyses of gene expression profiles during this important process have been conducted for common wheat (Triticum aestivum). Here, we studied the transcriptome profiles at four stages of early wheat reproductive development, from spikelet initiation to floral organ differentiation. K-means clustering and stage-specific transcript identification detected dynamically expressed homoeologs of important transcription regulators in spikelet and floral meristems that may be involved in spikelet initiation, floret meristem specification, and floral organ patterning, as inferred from their homologs in model plants...
May 17, 2017: Plant Physiology
Yanqiu Zhang, Jing Sui, Xian Shen, Chengyun Li, Wenzhuo Yao, Weiwei Hong, Hui Peng, Yuepu Pu, Lihong Yin, Geyu Liang
Lung cancer is one of the most lethal malignancies worldwide. To reduce the high morbidity and mortality of the disease, sensitive and specific biomarkers for early detection are urgently needed. Tumor-specific microRNAs (miRNAs) seem to be potential biomarkers for the early diagnosis and treatment of cancer. In this study, the microarray of miRNAs and mRNAs on the same samples was performed and the intersection taken with The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) lung cancer miRNA/RNAseq dataset. Then, miRNA-mRNA regulatory network was constructed to identify miRNA candidates associated with lung cancer through integrating gene expression and miRNA-target prediction...
April 28, 2017: Oncology Reports
Isabelle R Miousse, Lynea A Murphy, Haixia Lin, Melissa R Schisler, Jinchun Sun, Marie-Cecile G Chalbot, Radhakrishna Sura, Kamin Johnson, Matthew J LeBaron, Ilias G Kavouras, Laura K Schnackenberg, Richard D Beger, Reza J Rasoulpour, Igor Koturbash
Identification of sensitive and novel biomarkers or endpoints associated with toxicity and carcinogenesis is of a high priority. There is increasing interest in the incorporation of epigenetic and metabolic biomarkers to complement apical data; however, a number of questions, including the tissue specificity, dose-response patterns, early detection of those endpoints, and the added value need to be addressed. In this study, we investigated the dose-response relationship between apical, epigenetic, and metabolomics endpoints following short-term exposure to experimental hepatotoxicants, clofibrate (CF) and phenobarbital (PB)...
May 8, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Hongjuan He, Lei Lei, Erfei Chen, Xiaona Xu, Lili Wang, Junqiang Pan, Fangfang Yang, Min Wang, Jing Dong, Jin Yang
Sporadic colorectal cancer (sCRC) is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers worldwide, but few genetic markers have been identified and utilized for its early detection. MicroRNAs are diverse cellular regulators in cancer pathogenesis that bind to the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of their target mRNAs, and variants within the miRNA target sites on sCRC-related genes may influence its pathogenesis. To investigate this possibility, we used a bioinformatical method to screen SNPs for putative changes in miRNA recognition sites within the 3'-UTR of sCRC-related genes...
May 11, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
Luis Alejandro Arias Sosa, Andrés Felipe Cuspoca Orduz, Bibiana Matilde Bernal Gómez
Gastric cancer (GC) exhibits significant rates of mortality worldwide, a situation that is even more disturbing in Colombia, because it has had historically high rate for that disease; At regional context we have found that Boyacá has the second place of gastric cancer mortality rate in the country, with displeasing numbers. Early detection is critical to the survival of people, so in this article, major based on world literature search, we show that the microRNA could be a useful tool for the diagnosis, prognosis and can be designed as important therapeutic target...
January 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Wen Zhou, Ya-Fei Tian, Bin-Cheng Yin, Bang-Ce Ye
Simultaneous detection of cancer biomarkers holds great promise for the early diagnosis of cancer. In the present work, an ultrasensitive and reliable surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) sensor has been developed for simultaneous detection of multiple liver cancer related microRNA (miRNA) biomarkers. We first proposed a novel strategy for the synthesis of nanogap-based SERS nanotags by modifying gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with thiolated DNA and nonfluorescent small encoding molecules. We also explored a simple approach to a green synthesis of hollow silver microspheres (Ag-HMSs) with bacteria as templates...
May 17, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Zhaoyang Li, Zongfan Lin, Xiaoyu Wu, Haotian Chen, Yaqin Chai, Ruo Yuan
The electrochemiluminesce (ECL) efficiency of luminous emitter can be enhanced by the means of electrochemiluminesce resonance energy transfer (ECL-RET) with a matched donor. However, generally, the donor and acceptor pairs were separated in different independent nanostructures, experiencing the challenging issues of limited energy transfer efficiency and luminous stability. Herein, we designed novel ECL-RET model within one nanostructure containing the donor of Tris (4,4'-dicarboxylicacid-2,2'-bipyridyl) ruthenium(II) dichloride (Ru(dcbpy)32+) and the acceptor of CdSe@ZnS quantum dots (QDs) for acting as the ECL emitter (QDs-Ru(dcbpy)32+), which significantly reduced the energy loss and improved the ECL efficiency of QDs because of the short path of energy transmission...
May 10, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Cecilia Mannironi, Antonio Biundo, Samyutha Rajendran, Francesca De Vito, Luana Saba, Silvia Caioli, Cristina Zona, Teresa Ciotti, Silvana Caristi, Emerald Perlas, Giorgia Del Vecchio, Irene Bozzoni, Arianna Rinaldi, Andrea Mele, Carlo Presutti
MicroRNAs are a class of non-coding RNAs with a growing relevance in the regulation of gene expression related to brain function and plasticity. They have the potential to orchestrate complex phenomena, such as the neuronal response to homeostatic challenges. We previously demonstrated the involvement of miR-135a in the regulation of early stress response. In the present study, we examine the role of miR-135a in stress-related behavior. We show that the knockdown (KD) of miR-135a in the mouse amygdala induces an increase in anxiety-like behavior...
May 9, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
Kentaro Inamura
Lung cancer is the leading cause of deaths resulting from cancer owing to late diagnosis and limited treatment intervention. MicroRNAs are short, non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally by translational repression or target messenger RNA degradation. Accumulating evidence suggests various roles for microRNAs, including development and progression of lung cancers. Because microRNAs are degraded to a much lesser extent in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens and are present not only in tumor tissues but also in body fluids, there is an increased potential in microRNA analyses for cancer research...
May 9, 2017: Cancers
Juan Li, Yue Liang, Hao Lv, Hui Meng, Gang Xiong, Xingying Guan, Xuedan Chen, Yun Bai, Kai Wang
Dysregulation of c-Myc is one of the most common abnormalities in human malignancies, including esophageal cancer, one of the world's most lethal cancers. MicroRNA-26 family, including miR-26a and miR-26b, is transcriptionally suppressed by c-MYC. Our previous microarray data indicated a decreased-expression of miR-26 family in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, its roles in c-MYC pathway regulation and esophageal cancer tumorigenesis have yet not been elucidated. In this study, we expanded the detection of miR-26 expression in ESCC patients and found that the great majority of ESCC tissues showed an >50% reduction, even in the early-staged tumor...
May 2, 2017: Gene
Huan-Shun Yin, Bing-Chen Li, Yun-Lei Zhou, Hai-Yan Wang, Ming-Hui Wang, Shi-Yun Ai
MicroRNAs have been involved into many biological processes and are regarded as disease biomarkers. Simple, rapid, sensitive and selective method for microRNA detection is crucial for early diagnosis and therapy of diseases. In this work, sensitive fluorescence assay was developed for microRNA-21 detection based on DNA polymerase induced strand displacement amplification reaction, Mg(2+)-dependent DNAzyme catalysis reaction, and magnetic separation. In the presence of target microRNA-21, amounts of trigger DNA could be produced with DNA polymerase induced strand displacement amplification reaction, and the trigger DNA could be further hybridized with signal DNA, which was labeled with biotin and AMCA dye...
April 29, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Qi Lu, Qi Yan, Fengying Xu, Yuhong Li, Wenxia Zhao, Chunzhu Wu, Yudong Wang, Xiao Lang
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy (EP) refers to the implantation of the zygote outside the uterine cavity. In clinical practice, the diagnosis of EP relies on a combination of ultrasound findings and serum human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) measurements. However, the need for serial hCG measurements increases the risk of tubal rupture and death, underscoring the need to identify biomarkers for the early detection of EP. METHODS: The serum concentrations of 21 microRNAs (miRNAs) associated with pregnancy or with known placental expression, as well as serum hCG and progesterone levels were analyzed 36 patients with viable intrauterine pregnancy (VIP), 30 patients with spontaneous abortion (SA), and 34 patients with EP using specific assay kits and reverse transcription PCR...
May 4, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
L Sommerová, H Ďuríková, J Podhorec, R Hrstka
BACKGROUND: Ovarian carcinoma is a type of cancer with high mortality, which is often diagnosed in late stages indicating the necessity to identify new non-invasive biomarkers for detection this malignancy in early stages of the disease. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) seem to be one of the potential possibilities. MiRNAs are small noncoding RNA molecules, which regulate gene expression and are involved in many cellular processes including carcinogenesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Total RNA was isolated from sera of nine ovarian cancer patients treated at Masaryk Memorial Cancer Institute...
2017: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
Xing Chen, Zhi-Chao Jiang, Di Xie, De-Shuang Huang, Qi Zhao, Gui-Ying Yan, Zhu-Hong You
In recent years, more and more studies have indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in various complex human diseases and could be regarded as important biomarkers for cancer detection in early stages. Developing computational models to predict potential miRNA-disease associations has become a research hotspot for significant reduction of experimental time and cost. Considering the various disadvantages of previous computational models, we proposed a novel computational model based on super-disease and miRNA for potential miRNA-disease association prediction (SDMMDA) to predict potential miRNA-disease associations by integrating known associations, disease semantic similarity, miRNA functional similarity, and Gaussian interaction profile kernel similarity for diseases and miRNAs...
May 4, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
Zhuoying Li, Jie Jiang, Lang Tian, Xin Li, Jia Chen, Shentang Li, Chunyun Li, Zuocheng Yang
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a childhood systemic vasculitis that exhibits a specific preference for the coronary arteries. The aetiology remains unknown and there are no especially diagnostic tests. microRNAs (miRNAs) are 18 to 23 nucleotides non-coding RNAs that are negative regulator of gene expression and play a crucial role in the regulatory network of the genome. Recently, circulating miRNAs have been found presentation in human plasma and displayed some characteristics of the ideal biomarker...
2017: PloS One
Stefano Fogli, Beatrice Polini, Sara Carpi, Barbara Pardini, Alessio Naccarati, Nevio Dubbini, Maria Lanza, Maria Cristina Breschi, Antonella Romanini, Paola Nieri
Melanoma is a devastating disease with few therapeutic options in the advanced stage and with the urgent need of reliable biomarkers for early detection. In this context, circulating microRNAs are raising great interest as diagnostic biomarkers. We analyzed the expression profiles of 21 selected microRNAs in plasma samples from melanoma patients and healthy donors to identify potential diagnostic biomarkers. Data analysis was performed using global mean normalization and NormFinder algorithm. Linear regression followed by receiver operating characteristic analyses was carried out to evaluate whether selected plasma miRNAs were able to discriminate between cases and controls...
May 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Benito Chiofalo, Antonio Simone Laganà, Alberto Vaiarelli, Valentina Lucia La Rosa, Diego Rossetti, Vittorio Palmara, Gaetano Valenti, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Roberta Granese, Fabrizio Sapia, Onofrio Triolo, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale
Placenta is the crucial organ for embryo and fetus development and plays a critical role in the development of fetal growth restriction (FGR). There are increasing evidences on the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in a variety of pregnancy-related complications such as preeclampsia and FGR. More than 1880 miRNAs have been reported in humans and most of them are expressed in placenta. In this paper, we aimed to review the current evidence about the topic. According to retrieved data, controversial results about placental expression of miRNAs could be due (at least in part) to the different experimental methods used by different groups...
2017: BioMed Research International
Aoi Morimoto, Mana Kannari, Yuichi Tsuchida, Shota Sasaki, Chinatsu Saito, Tsuyoshi Matsuta, Tsukasa Maeda, Megumi Akiyama, Takahiro Nakamura, Masakiyo Sakaguchi, Nobukazu Nameki, Frank J Gonzalez, Yusuke Inoue
HNF4α controls the expression of liver-specific protein-coding genes. However, some microRNAs (miRNAs) are also modulated by HNF4α, and it is not known whether they are direct targets of HNF4α, and whether they influence the hepatic function. In this study, we found that HNF4α regulates miRNAs, indicated by marked down-regulation of miR-194 and miR-192 (miR-194/192) in liver-specific Hnf4a-null (Hnf4a(ΔH)) mice. Transactivation of the shared miR-194/192 promoter was dependent on HNF4α expression, indicating that miR194/192 is a target gene of HNF4α...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Maria Luisa Gasparri, Assunta Casorelli, Erlisa Bardhi, Aris Raad Besharat, Delia Savone, Ilary Ruscito, Ammad Ahmad Farooqi, Andrea Papadia, Michael David Mueller, Elisabetta Ferretti, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women worldwide, and ovarian cancer is the most lethal gynecological malignancy. Women carrying a BRCA1/2 mutation have a very high lifetime risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer. The only effective risk-reducing strategy in BRCA-mutated women is a prophylactic surgery with bilateral mastectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. However, many women are reluctant to undergo these prophylactic surgeries due to a consequent mutilated body perception, unfulfilled family planning, and precocious menopause...
May 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
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