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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097169/molecular-characterization-of-argulus-bengalensis-and-argulus-siamensis-crustacea-argulidae-infecting-the-cultured-carps-in-west-bengal-india-using-18s-rrna-gene-sequences
#1
Avijit Patra, Anjan Mondal, Sayani Banerjee, Harresh Adikesavalu, Siddhartha Narayan Joardar, Thangapalam Jawahar Abraham
The present study characterized Argulus spp. infecting the cultured carps using 18S rRNA gene sequences, estimated the genetic similarity among Argulus spp. and established their phylogenetic relationship. Of the 320 fish samples screened, 34 fish (10.6%) had Argulus infection. The parasitic frequency index (PFI) was observed to be high (20%) in Hypophthalmichthys molitrix and Labeo bata. The frequency of infection was high in September (PFI: 17%) and October (PFI: 12.9%). The 18S rRNA sequences of five A. bengalensis (KF583878, KF192316, KM016968, KM016969, and KM016970) and one A...
September 2016: Molecular Biology Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096606/phylogenetic-analysis-of-glycoprotein-b-gene-sequences-of-bovine-herpesvirus-1-isolates-from-india-reveals-the-predominance-of-subtype-1-1
#2
S S Patil, A Prajapati, D Hemadri, K P Suresh, G S Desai, G B Manjunatha Reddy, B M Chandranaik, S Ranganatha, H Rahman
AIM: This study was conducted for the isolation and molecular characterization of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) isolated from the nasal and vaginal swabs collected from naturally infected cattle showing clinical symptoms of the respiratory disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Isolation of BoHV-1 virus performed on clinical samples collected from 65 cattle from five states of India. The BoHV-1 isolates were further confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using primers specific for glycoprotein B (gB) genomic region...
December 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095796/a-severe-case-of-visceral-leishmaniasis-and-liposomal-amphotericin-b-treatment-failure-in-an-immunosuppressed-patient-15%C3%A2-years-after-exposure
#3
Anna Eichenberger, Annina E Buechi, Andreas Neumayr, Chistroph Hatz, Andri Rauch, Marc Huguenot, Eva Diamantis-Karamitopoulou, Cornelia Staehelin
BACKGROUND: Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a protozoan disease, which is responsible for 200.000-400.000 yearly infections worldwide. If left untreated, the fatality rate can be as high as 100% within 2 years. 90% of cases occur in just six countries: India, Bangladesh, Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Brazil. It is thus a disease rarely seen by physicians in Europe or North America. We report on the fatal case of VL in an 80-year-old immunosuppressed patient who presented with a latency of over 15 years after having visited an endemic region...
January 17, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095659/molecular-characterization-of-nippostrongylus-brasiliensis-nematoda-heligmosomatidae-from-mus-musculus-in-india
#4
Anshu Chaudhary, Urvashi Goswami, Hridaya Shanker Singh
Mus musculus (Rodentia: Muridae) has generally been infected with a rodent hookworm Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. In this report, we present morphological and molecular identification of N. brasiliensis by light and scanning electron microscopy and PCR amplification of mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) gene and the protein sequences encoded by cox1 gene, respectively. Despite the use of N. brasiliensis in many biochemistry studies from India, their taxonomic identification was not fully understood, especially at the species level, and no molecular data is available in GenBank from India...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095658/therapeutic-assessment-of-primaquine-for-radical-cure-of-plasmodium-vivax-malaria-at-primary-and-tertiary-care-centres-in-southwestern-india
#5
Rishikesh Kumar, Vasudeva Guddattu, Kavitha Saravu
Acquaintance is scanty on primaquine (PQ) efficacy and Plasmodium vivax recurrence in Udupi district, Karnataka, India. We assessed the efficacy of 14 days PQ regimen (0.25 mg/kg/day) to prevent P. vivax recurrence. Microscopically, aparasitemic adults (≥18 years) after acute vivax malaria on day 28 were re-enrolled into 15 months' long follow-up study. A peripheral blood smear examination was performed with participants at every 1-2 month interval. A nested PCR test was performed to confirm the mono-infection with P...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092222/varied-presentations-of-leptospirosis-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-north-india
#6
Rama Chaudhry, Karnika Saigal, Tej Bahadur, Kamla Kant, Bishwanath Chourasia, Nitin Gupta
Leptospirosis has been recognised as an emerging global public health problem. The aim of our study was to explore the epidemiological and clinical pattern of disease occurrence in suspected cases and to search for any existing co-infections. Ours was a retrospective study in patients with acute febrile illness in north India over a period of three years (April 2011 to June 2014). Serological diagnosis of leptospirosis was made using the PanBio IgM ELISA kit. Using modified Faine's criteria, presumptive and possible diagnosis was made in 57% and 34% cases, respectively...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091347/changes-in-the-seroprevalence-of-cysticercosis-in-suspected-patients-in-chandigarh-india-between-1998-and-2014-analysis-of-17-years-of-data
#7
L J Robertson, H Joshi, K S Utaaker, A Kumar, S Chaudhary, K Goyal, R Sehgal
Changes in seroprevalence of cysticercosis diagnosed in Chandigarh, India between 1998 and 2014 were investigated by extraction and analysis of data from records held at the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research in Chandigarh. Among the total number of samples for which cysticercosis had been suspected during this period (N = 9650), 1716 (17·8%) were seropositive. Adults were more likely to be seropositive than children, and women were more likely to be seropositive than men. In addition to there being fewer patients with suspicion of cysticercosis over the data analysis period, the proportion of patients seropositive also reduced significantly...
January 16, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088589/analysis-of-laboratory-testing-results-for-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-an-sti-clinic-in-india-need-for-extragenital-screening
#8
Nazneen Arif, Deepak Juyal, Sujeesh Sebastian, Neena Khanna, Benu Dhawan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088124/nipah-virus-transmission-of-a-zoonotic-paramyxovirus
#9
REVIEW
Bronwyn Anne Clayton
Nipah virus is a recently-recognised, zoonotic paramyxovirus that causes severe disease and high fatality rates in people. Outbreaks have occurred in Malaysia, Singapore, India and Bangladesh, and a putative Nipah virus was also recently associated with human disease in the Philippines. Worryingly, human-to-human transmission is common in Bangladesh, where outbreaks occur with near-annual frequency. Onward human transmission of Nipah virus in Bangladesh is associated with close contact with clinically-unwell patients or their infectious secretions...
January 11, 2017: Current Opinion in Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079684/the-cif-virulence-factor-gene-is-present-in-isolates-from-patients-with-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-keratitis
#10
Christopher D Bahl, Jessica D St Laurent, R Siva Ganesa Karthikeyan, J Lakshmi Priya, Lalitha Prajna, Michael E Zegans, Dean R Madden
PURPOSE: To determine whether the cif gene is present in pathogenic Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates from patients with bacterial keratitis at Aravind Eye Hospital, a referral eye care center in southern India, and from corresponding environmental isolates. METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction amplification was performed on strains of P. aeruginosa isolated from ocular infections and environmental soil samples were collected from the area surrounding Aravind Eye Hospital...
January 11, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078833/clinical-profile-and-outcome-of-patients-with-severe-sepsis-treated-in-an-intensive-care-unit-in-india
#11
T T Paary, M S Kalaiselvan, M K Renuka, A S Arunkumar
Introduction: Sepsis is the leading cause of intensive care unit (ICU) admissions and is associated with high mortality. Objectives: To identify the incidence, risk factors and outcome of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. Methods: A prospective observational study was done in a multidisciplinary ICU over a period of 18 months. We included all adult patients admitted to ICU with features of severe sepsis and septic shock as per SCCM/ACCP guidelines...
30, 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078810/anti-hcv-activity-from-semi-purified-methanolic-root-extracts-of-valeriana-wallichii
#12
Krishna Kumar Ganta, Anirban Mandal, Sukalyani Debnath, Banasri Hazra, Binay Chaubey
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a serious global health problem affecting approximately 130-150 million individuals. Presently available direct-acting anti-HCV drugs have higher barriers to resistance and also improved success rate; however, cost concerns limit their utilization, especially in developing countries like India. Therefore, development of additional agents to combat HCV infection is needed. In the present study, we have evaluated anti-HCV potential of water, chloroform, and methanol extracts from roots of Valeriana wallichii, a traditional Indian medicinal plant...
January 12, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076666/the-global-incidence-of-lip-oral-cavity-and-pharyngeal-cancers-by-subsite-in-2012
#13
Kevin D Shield, Jacques Ferlay, Ahmedin Jemal, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Anil K Chaturvedi, Freddie Bray, Isabelle Soerjomataram
By using data from the International Agency for Research on Cancer publication Cancer Incidence in 5 Continents and GLOBOCAN, this report provides the first consolidated global estimation of the subsite distribution of new cases of lip, oral cavity, and pharyngeal cancers by country, sex, and age for the year 2012. Major geographically based, sex-based, and age-based variations in the incidence of lip, oral cavity, and pharyngeal cancers by subsite were observed. Lip cancers were highly frequent in Australia (associated with solar radiation) and in central and eastern Europe (associated with tobacco smoking)...
January 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076428/does-measles-vaccination-reduce-the-risk-of-acute-respiratory-infection-ari-and-diarrhea-in-children-a-multi-country-study
#14
Rahul Bawankule, Abhishek Singh, Kaushalendra Kumar, Sadanand Shetye
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia and diarrhea occur either as complications or secondary infections in measles affected children. So, the integrated Global Action Plan for Pneumonia and Diarrhea (GAPPD) by WHO and UNICEF includes measles vaccination as preventive measure in children. The objective of the study is to examine the effect of measles vaccination on Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) and diarrhea in children in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, and Pakistan. METHODS: We analyzed data from the most recent rounds of Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in the selected countries...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066103/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-topical-sertaconazole-versus-topical-terbinafine-in-localized-dermatophytosis-a-randomized-observer-blind-parallel-group-study
#15
Dattatreyo Chatterjee, Sudip Kumar Ghosh, Sukanta Sen, Saswati Sarkar, Avijit Hazra, Radharaman De
OBJECTIVE: Epidermal dermatophyte infections most commonly manifest as tinea corporis or tinea cruris. Topical azole antifungals are commonly used in their treatment but literature suggests that most require twice-daily application and provide lower cure rates than the allylamine antifungal terbinafine. We conducted a head-to-head comparison of the effectiveness of the once-daily topical azole, sertaconazole, with terbinafine in these infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a randomized, observer-blind, parallel group study (Clinical Trial Registry India [CTRI]/2014/09/005029) with adult patients of either sex presenting with localized lesions...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062387/molecular-diversity-recombination-and-population-structure-of-alphasatellites-associated-with-begomovirus-disease-complexes
#16
R Vinoth Kumar, Divya Singh, Achuit K Singh, S Chakraborty
The genus, begomovirus (family Geminiviridae) includes a large number of viruses infecting a wide range of plant species worldwide. The majority of monopartite begomoviruses are associated with satellites (betasatellites) and/or satellite-like molecules (alphasatellites). In spite of the Indo-China region being regarded as the centre of origin of begomoviruses and satellites, a detailed study on the emergence and evolution of alphasatellites in India has not yet conducted. Our present analysis indicated the association of 22 alphasatellites with monopartite and bipartite begomovirus-betasatellite complexes in India...
January 4, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061903/detection-of-west-nile-virus-in-six-mosquito-species-in-synchrony-with-seroconversion-among-sentinel-chickens-in-india
#17
Siraj A Khan, Purvita Chowdhury, Parveena Choudhury, Prafulla Dutta
BACKGROUND: West Nile virus (WNV) is a zoonotic flavivirus maintained in mosquito-bird transmission cycle. Although humans are accidental hosts, fatal outcomes following WNV infection have been reported from India. Studies have identified WNV as an important etiological agent causing acute encephalitis syndrome in Assam, Northeast India. While circulation of WNV is evident, the role of vectors and avian hosts involved in the transmission remains unclear. In this study we identified local mosquito species for evidence of WNV infection along with seroconversion among sentinel chickens...
January 7, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056826/hpv-genotypes-distribution-in-indian-women-with-and-without-cervical-carcinoma-implication-for-hpv-vaccination-program-in-odisha-eastern-india
#18
Rashmirani Senapati, Bhagyalaxmi Nayak, Shantanu Kumar Kar, Bhagirathi Dwibedi
BACKGROUND: Considering the limited cross protection offered by the current HPV vaccines, understanding the HPV genotype distribution among the different population is essential in predicting the efficacy of current vaccine and devising new vaccine strategy. The present work aimed at investigating the HPV genotypes distribution among women with and without cervical carcinoma in Odisha, Eastern India. METHODS: A total of 607 participants have been enrolled between January 2014 and June 2016...
January 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053916/urinary-tract-infections-a-retrospective-descriptive-study-of-causative-organisms-and-antimicrobial-pattern-of-samples-received-for-culture-from-a-tertiary-care-setting
#19
Bhuvanesh Sukhlal Kalal, Savitha Nagaraj
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are common infections encountered by physicians either on an outpatient or inpatient basis. These infections have taken center stage due to increasing resistance being reported for commonly used antibiotics. Understanding the distribution and antibiotic susceptibility patterns of uropathogens would facilitate appropriate therapy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the culture isolates obtained from urine samples received at the Department of Microbiology, St...
December 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051793/%C3%A2-high-clinical-manifestation-rate-in-an-imported-outbreak-of-hepatitis-e-genotype-1-infection-in-a-german-group-of-travellers-returning-from-india
#20
Sven Pischke, Julian Schulze-Zur-Wiesch, Marc Lu Tgehetmann, Benno Kreuels, Stefan Lueth, Petra Kapaun, Daniel Benten, Stefan Schmiedel, Martina Sterneck, Ansgar W Lohse, Susanne Polywka
:  Background. There are only few reports about travel-associated, imported tropical hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 1 infections within Western travellers. We describe the clinical course of a single outbreak of hepatitis E in a German travellers group returning from India and compare the results of two commercial HEV-seroassays. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After identifying hepatitis E in an index patient returning from a journey to India all 24 members of this journey were tested for anti-HEV-IgG and IgM using two commercial seroassays (Wantai and Mikrogen), for HEV-RNA by PCR and HEV-Ag by an antigen-assay (Wantai)...
January 2017: Annals of Hepatology
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