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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209148/prevalence-and-distribution-of-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-in-india
#1
Nasir Salam, Saud Azam
BACKGROUND: Understanding the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth infections is necessary to plan control strategies and focus on highly endemic regions for preventive chemotherapy and improved sanitation facilities. India is known to be endemic for soil-transmitted helminth infections. METHODS: To understand the prevalence, spatial distribution and identify high-risk zones, a systematic search of published literature was carried out based on PRISMA guidelines from the year 2000 to 2015...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208985/pattern-of-inpatient-dermatology-consultations-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-india
#2
Abhilasha Williams, Anuradha Bhatia, Bimal Kanish, Paulina Rose Chaudhary, Clarence James Samuel
INTRODUCTION: The importance of dermatology inpatient consultation is of significant importance yet is not well documented. AIM: To retrospectively analyse the spectrum of dermatology inpatient consultations from the various departments and to document the most commonly occurring dermatological disorders from each speciality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done in an 800 bedded premier teaching hospital in Ludhiana, Punjab, North Western India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208894/case-report-of-youngest-successful-bilateral-cartilage-tympanoplasty-in-india
#3
Gaurav Ashish, Ankita Gupta
Paediatric Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media (CSOM) remains a challenge for the treating otologists. Usually, concurrent foci of infection lie in the oropharynx or nasopharynx and treating these eventually leads to resolution of ear discharge. However, refractory cases can be threatening in view of complications secondary to CSOM. A two year and 10-month-old child presented with recurrent profuse mucopurulent ear discharge which had been refractory to multiple medical treatment. Recently she had recurrent otitis external episodes with excoriations of canal skin...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208887/sputum-collection-and-disposal-perceptions-and-practices-among-pulmonary-tuberculosis-patients-from-northern-india
#4
Abhishek Singh, Vipin Goyal, Shewtank Goel
INTRODUCTION: Even a single case of pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB) can infect many others. Hence, to ensure better control of the disease, it is imperative that all patients dispose their sputum safely. Outcomes of this study would highlight the gaps need to be bridged in order to curtail transmission of TB. AIM: To analyse and ascertain perceptions about the disease and determine the sputum collection and disposal practices followed by sputum-positive TB patients...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208874/topical-corticosteroid-misuse-the-scenario-in-patients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-new-delhi
#5
Santwana Mahar, Khushbu Mahajan, Swati Agarwal, Hemanta Kumar Kar, Swapan Kumar Bhattacharya
INTRODUCTION: Irrational use of Topical Corticosteroid (TC) is quite common in India due to unrestricted availability and use of TC not only by general public but also by physicians and chemists due to quick relief of symptoms in different dermatological conditions. AIM: The present study was conducted to evaluate and analyse the prevalence of misuse of TC and the causes behind misuse of TC among patients in a dermatology outpatient department in New Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional observational questionnaire based study conducted over a period of 5 months (1(st) June 2015 to 30(th) November 2015)...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208856/seroprevalence-of-common-viral-diseases-a-hospital-based-study-from-amritsar-india
#6
Kanwardeep Singh, Shailpreet K Sidhu, Pushpa Devi, Manpreet Kaur, Maninder Kaur, Nachhatarjit Singh
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of published data on epidemiology of the viral infections in Punjab, India. The Viral Research and Diagnostic Laboratory (VRDL) located at Government Medical College (GMC), Amritsar conducts the initial diagnosis of common viruses circulating in the region. AIM: To report the seroprevalence of various viral diseases in Amritsar and neighboring districts of Punjab along with the demographic and geographical data of the patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Whole blood sera samples from a total of 5781 patients suspected of various viral diseases (chikungunya, dengue, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, hepatitis E, herpes simplex-1 or herpes simplex-2) were received at VRDL, GMC, Amritsar from January 2015 to April 2016 and a cross sectional study was conducted...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198028/proinflammatory-chemokines-are-major-mediators-of-exuberant-immune-response-associated-with-influenza-a-h1n1-pdm09-virus-infection
#7
Maria Thomas, Reeta Subramaniam Mani, Mariamma Philip, Ranjeeta Adhikary, Sangeeta Joshi, Srigiri S Revadi, Shashidhar Buggi, Anita Desai, Ravi Vasanthapuram
In India, the case fatality ratio of the pandemic A (H1N1) pdm09 influenza was relatively higher when compared to seasonal influenza A infection. Hypercytokinemia or "cytokine storm" has been previously implicated in the pathogenesis of other influenza viruses. The present study was undertaken to compare the cytokine profiles of A (H1N1) pdm09 influenza and seasonal H3 infection in Indian population and to correlate the findings with disease severity. Plasma levels of 18 cytokines/chemokines were measured by flow-cytometry using a bead based assay in patients infected with A (H1N1) pdm09 virus (n = 96) and Influenza A seasonal H3 virus (n = 30) categorised into mild, moderate and severe groups along with healthy controls (n = 36)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197138/genetic-and-phenotypic-screening-of-mannose-binding-lectin-in-relation-to-risk-of-recurrent-vulvovaginal-infections-in-women-of-north-india-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Namarta Kalia, Jatinder Singh, Sujata Sharma, Hardesh Arora, Manpreet Kaur
Recurrent Vulvovaginal Infections (RVVI) is common problem associated with women of reproductive age. The function and deleterious effect of Mannose Binding Lectin 2 (MBL2) common polymorphisms are reported to be associated with various diseases. However, the role of MBL2 promoter gene polymorphisms and their combined effect with structural variant along with Serum Mannose Binding Lectin (sMBL) levels in RVVI has not been investigated. The study included 258 RVVI cases and 203 age matched healthy controls. These were investigated for the distribution of MBL2 codon 54 and promoter polymorphisms by Amplification Refractory Mutation System-Polymerase Chain Reaction (ARMS-PCR)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195095/molecular-detection-of-orientia-tsutsugamushi-from-suspected-scrub-typhus-cases
#9
Seethalakshmi Srinivasan, Thangam Menon
CONTEXT: Scrub typhus is an acute febrile illness caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi. The disease is under-diagnosed in India, because of low index of suspicion and also due to its nonspecific presentation, and lack of confirmatory diagnostic tests. AIMS: This study was undertaken to diagnose scrub typhus in patients with undifferentiated fevers by serology and molecular methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 68 blood samples were collected from patients clinically suspected to have scrub typhus...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194661/guillain-barre-syndrome-complicating-chikungunya-virus-infection
#10
Ayush Agarwal, Deepti Vibha, Achal Kumar Srivastava, Garima Shukla, Kameshwar Prasad
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne alphavirus which presents with symptoms of fever, rash, arthralgia, and occasional neurologic disease. While outbreaks have been earlier reported from India and other parts of the world, the recent outbreak in India witnessed more than 1000 cases. Various systemic and rarely neurological complications have been reported with CHIKV. We report two cases of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) with CHIKV. GBS is a rare neurological complication which may occur after subsidence of fever and constitutional symptoms by several neurotropic viruses...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187202/asymptomatic-leishmaniasis-in-kala-azar-endemic-areas-of-malda-district-west-bengal-india
#11
Pabitra Saha, Swagata Ganguly, Moytrey Chatterjee, Soumendu Bikash Das, Pratip K Kundu, Subhasish K Guha, Tamal K Ghosh, Dilip K Bera, Nandita Basu, Ardhendu K Maji
Asymptomatic leishmaniasis may drive the epidemic and an important challenge to reach the goal of joint Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) elimination initiative taken by three Asian countries. The role of these asymptomatic carriers in disease transmission, prognosis at individual level and rate of transformation to symptomatic VL/Post Kala-azar Dermal Leishmaniasis (PKDL) needs to be evaluated. Asymptomatic cases were diagnosed by active mass survey in eight tribal villages by detecting antileishmanial antibody using rK39 based rapid diagnostic kits and followed up for three years to observe the pattern of sero-conversion and disease transformation...
February 10, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187147/widespread-fear-of-dengue-transmission-but-poor-practices-of-dengue-prevention-a-study-in-the-slums-of-delhi-india
#12
Éric Daudé, Sumit Mazumdar, Vandana Solanki
BACKGROUND: This study has been conducted to throw light on the knowledge and practices related to dengue fever among the poor population living in Delhi's slums. MATERIALS: A household survey was conducted in 2013 among 3,350 households. The households were stratified by a number of variables related to socio-economic status and health events such as hospitalisation. The data collection was completed through face-to-face interviews conducted with the help of 25 field investigators...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182103/filarial-abscess-aspiration-of-adult-gravid-female-worm-from-submandibular-region-an-unusual-presentation
#13
Ruquiya Afrose, Mohammad Feroz Alam, Syed Shamshad Ahmad, Mohammed Naim
Microfilaria is a major public health problem in tropical and subtropical countries and is an endemic problem in India. Wuchereria bancrofti is the most common filarial infection. In some cases, microfilariae and adult filarial worm have been incidentally detected in fine-needle aspirates of various lesions; detection of microfilaria from subcutaneous site or from abscess site is even rarer. We here report an unusual case of Bancroftian microfilariasis in a 68-year-old female coming from endemic area presenting with right submandibular abscess...
January 2017: Journal of Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182043/deceased-donor-renal-transplantation-a-single-center-experience
#14
N Gopalakrishnan, T Dineshkumar, J Dhanapriya, R Sakthirajan, T Balasubramaniyan, N D Srinivasa Prasad, K Thirumalvalavan, S Murugananth, K Kawaskar
Deceased donor renal transplantation (DDRT) constitutes less than 5% of all kidney transplantats in India. A retrospective analysis of 173 deceased donor renal transplants performed in a public funded government hospital was done. Mean age of the recipients was 36 years (male:female ratio 2.4:1), and that of the donors was 32.3 years (male:female ratio 6:1). The cold ischemic time was 340 ± 170 minutes. Mean follow-up period was 36 months. Forty one patients died, 75% of them in the first post - transplant year...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182039/hemodialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-in-end-stage-renal-disease-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-kerala
#15
G R Lakshminarayana, L G Sheetal, A Mathew, R Rajesh, G Kurian, V N Unni
This study was planned to analyze the hemodialysis practice patterns from a tertiary care referral centre as there is very limited data from India. All patients of ESRD on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) in dialysis unit at AIMS, Kochi, Kerala for a minimum period of 3 months were included. A total of 134 patients (M: F 2:1) with age of 20 to 84 years (Mean: 59.83; SD: 11.98) were studied. The most common causes of ESRD in study population were diabetic nephropathy (DN) (59.7%) followed by unclassified group (19...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179148/status-of-tuberculosis-services-in-indian-prisons
#16
REVIEW
Banuru Muralidhara Prasad, Bhadri Thapa, Sarabjit Singh Chadha, Anand Das, Entoor Ramachandra Babu, Subrat Mohanty, Sripriya Pandurangan, Jamhoih Tonsing
INTRODUCTION: Prisons are known to be a high risk environment for tuberculosis (TB) due to overcrowding, low levels of nutrition, poor infection control and lack of accessible healthcare services. India has nearly 1400 prisons housing 0.37 million inmates. However, information on, availability of diagnostic and treatment services for TB in the prison settings is limited. This study examined the availability of TB services in prisons of India. Simultaneously, prison inmates were screened for tuberculosis...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178116/genital-human-papillomavirus-infection-in-indian-hiv-seropositive-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#17
Anantharam Raghavendran, Alexandra L Hernandez, Shelly Lensing, Manu Gnanamony, Rajiv Karthik, Murgesan Sivasubramanian, Rajesh Kannangai, Priya Abraham, Dilip Mathai, Joel M Palefsky
BACKGROUND: The incidence of penile cancer in Indian men is high. Little is known about genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in Indian HIV-seropositive men who have sex with men (MSM), a population that may be at particularly high risk for genital HPV infection and, potentially, penile cancer. In this study, we assessed the prevalence and risk factors for genital HPV infection in this population. DESIGN AND METHODS: Three hundred HIV-seropositive MSM were recruited from 2 clinical sites in India...
March 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173851/zika-how-safe-is-india
#18
EDITORIAL
C George Priya Doss, R Siva, B Prabhu Christopher, Chiranjib Chakraborty, Hailong Zhu
Zika virus, which originated from a forest in Uganda, has affected countries in Africa, Latin America and Asia. Most people infected with Zika are asymptomatic and present with clinical manifestations ranging from mild fever to severe neurological disorders. Recent outbreaks in Southeast Asian countries, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has warned pregnant woman to avoid nonessential traveling to 11 Asian countries. Reports about the sexual transmission route of Zika have pushed the World Health Organization to declare it a 'public health emergency'...
January 31, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168686/signs-of-fungal-infection-in-dead-mimic-the-chronic-torture
#19
Akhilesh K Pathak, Vaishaki Y Shukla
The cases of battered woman syndrome (BWS) are very common in India. The majority of the women suffer battering by their family members especially in-laws. The injuries occurring each time indicate their being battered, but on being questioned about these happenings, a mismatched history being given by them is the major indication of BWS. In many of the cases, the injuries present over the body either in healing stages or in association with skin diseases may mislead the forensic pathologists and investigating agencies...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166910/tuberculosis-in-congregate-settings-policies-and-practices-in-various-facilities-in-mumbai-india
#20
Yatin Dholakia, Nerges Mistry
Congregate settings and correctional facilities have high risk of transmission of tuberculosis. They should have capacity to identify and diagnose cases early and initiate prompt treatment to prevent spread to inmates and staff. Appropriate interventions should ensure completion of treatment, documentation and reporting, and prevention of reactivation of successfully treated cases. This requires support from local health authorities. Although international policies and guidelines for infection control in congregate settings are available, there is very little information on how these are practiced in such settings...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
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