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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531860/boosting-biomethane-yield-and-production-rate-with-graphene-the-potential-of-direct-interspecies-electron-transfer-in-anaerobic-digestion
#1
Richen Lin, Jun Cheng, Jiabei Zhang, Junhu Zhou, Kefa Cen, Jerry D Murphy
Interspecies electron transfer between bacteria and archaea plays a vital role in enhancing energy efficiency of anaerobic digestion (AD). Conductive carbon materials (i.e. graphene nanomaterial and activated charcoal) were assessed to enhance AD of ethanol (a key intermediate product after acidogenesis of algae). The addition of graphene (1.0g/L) resulted in the highest biomethane yield (695.0±9.1mL/g) and production rate (95.7±7.6mL/g/d), corresponding to an enhancement of 25.0% in biomethane yield and 19...
May 5, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531859/the-role-of-conductive-materials-in-the-start-up-period-of-thermophilic-anaerobic-system
#2
Wangwang Yan, Nan Shen, Yeyuan Xiao, Yun Chen, Faqian Sun, Vinay Kumar Tyagi, Yan Zhou
The major obstacle for thermophilic anaerobic digestion (TAD) is the inhibited microorganism activity and process instability during the start-up period. This study proposed a strategy to accelerate and stabilize the thermophilic reactors start-up via adding conductive materials. The results show that methane production rate in conductive materials supplemented (CMS) reactors was almost two times higher than the control reactors. Caloramator sp., a candidate of electroactive bacteria, was significantly enriched in the carbon nano-tube (CNT) supplemented groups (12...
May 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531807/high-post-natal-mortality-associated-with-defects-in-lung-maturation-and-reduced-adiposity-in-mice-with-gestational-exposure-to-high-fat-and-n-acetylcysteine
#3
Lyda Williams, Maureen J Charron, Rani S Sellers
Studies have demonstrated that maternal consumption of a high fat diet (HFD) increases offspring susceptibility to metabolic disease. This study was initiated to identify the mechanistic contribution of oxidative stress on this phenomenon. Two weeks prior to mating, dams were fed either HFD or Control diet with or without supplementation with the anti-oxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC). Pups born to HFD dams had reduced crown rump length (CRL) at birth and higher neonatal mortality compared to pups from Control dams...
May 14, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531784/gut-microbiota-mediated-benefits-of-barley-kernel-products-on-metabolism-gut-hormones-and-inflammatory-markers-as-affected-by-co-ingestion-of-commercially-available-probiotics-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-healthy-subjects
#4
Anne Nilsson, Elin Johansson-Boll, Jonna Sandberg, Inger Björck
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Barley kernel based products have been shown to induce benefits on blood glucose regulation, cardio-metabolic risk markers and appetite regulating hormones in a time perspective of 11-16 h after intake. The mechanisms have been assigned to gut fermentation of indigestible carbohydrates. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate if the modulatory effects of barley on markers of metabolic- and appetite regulation are affected by a dietary background including a mixture of commercially available probiotics...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531783/prototypical-versus-contemporary-mediterranean-diet
#5
W Rizza, L De Gara, R Antonelli Incalzi, C Pedone
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To investigate the evolution of the Mediterranean Diet (MD) in a delimited area of Southern Italy, by comparing the diet adopted 60-70 years ago (Prototypical Mediterranean Diet, PMD) with the contemporary one (Contemporary Mediterranean Diet, CMD), and to verify to what extent they fitted the recommendations of the Italian and the USDA dietary guidelines. METHODS: We recruited a total of 106 participants, divided in two groups. PMD group included 52 women aged >80 years, with a good cognitive function and full independence in basic and instrumental activities of daily living...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531776/the-nutritional-value-of-food-service-meals-ordered-by-hospitalized-children
#6
Jeannie S Huang, Stanford Chun, Christopher Cheung, Linda Poon, Laura Terrones
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: US hospitals routinely provide food to hospitalized children. The nutritional content of provided foods has not been evaluated. We performed our study to examine meal orders of hospitalized youth and determine whether the nutritional contents of ordered meals meet dietary guidelines. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional evaluation among hospitalized youth ≥1 y receiving all nutritional intake by mouth and not on a clear liquid diet. Meal orders from hospitalized youth were analyzed for nutritional content...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531772/diet-induced-weight-loss-and-markers-of-endothelial-dysfunction-and-inflammation-in-treated-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
K A Berk, T P Oudshoorn, A J M Verhoeven, M T Mulder, A J M Roks, W A Dik, R Timman, E J G Sijbrands
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Overweight and obesity increase cardiovascular mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). In a recent trial, however, diet-induced weight loss did not reduce the cardiovascular risk of patients with T2D, possibly due to the parallel intensive medical treatment. We investigated the effect of diet-induced weight loss on cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese patients with T2D, and whether this effect was influenced by the use of statins, ACE inhibitors, metformin and duration of T2D...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531625/cognitive-function-diet-and-lifestyle-factors-a-regression-tree-analysis
#8
Emmanouil Magklis, Costas A Anastasiou, Mary H Kosmidis, Efthimios Dardiotis, Giorgos M Hadjigeorgiou, Nicolaos Scarmeas, Yannakoulia Mary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531620/compliance-of-pediatric-patients-with-refractory-epilepsy-to-ketogenic-modified-atkins-diet
#9
Sofia Zouganeli, Euaggelia Tasiou, Melpomeni Giorgi, Maria Tsirouda, Artemis Stefanede, Argirios Dinopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531617/the-effects-of-mediterranean-diet-on-cognitive-function-and-dementia-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#10
Sara Petersson, Elena Philippou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531616/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-has-a-mediating-effect-inflammation-as-regards-cardiovascular-disease-risk-the-10-year-2002-12-follow-up-of-attica-study
#11
Ekavi N Georgoysopoulou, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Christos Pitsavos, Aikaterini Kalogeropoulou, Maria Ntertimani, Evangelia Pitaraki, Christina Chrysohoou, Ioannis Skoumas, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christodoulos Stefanadis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531592/diet-and-health-in-post-byzantine-society-a-socio-historical-approach
#12
Anastasia K Kadda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531591/mediterranean-diet-10-year-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-acs-greecs-study
#13
Asimenia Kouroupi, Venetia Notara, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Nikos Vasiliou, Εleni Kalli, Μargarita Verdi, Εlena Tsobanaki, Mosxo Michalopoulou, Μarifei Bali, Evaggelos Papataksiarchis, Georgia Kouli, Dimitra Tzanoglou, Yannis Mantas, Yannis Kogias, Petros Stravopodis, George Papanagnou, Spiros Zombolos, Christos Pitsavos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531579/mediterranean-diet-and-ten-year-type-2-diabetes-risk-potential-mediation-of-the-relationship-from-inflammatory-factors-results-from-attica-study-2002-2012
#14
Efi Koloverou, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Christos Pitsavos, Ekavi Georgousopoulou, Christina Chrysohoou, Ioannis Skoumas, Vassiliki Metaxa, Dimitris Tousoulis, Christodoulos Stefanadis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531578/improvement-in-liver-function-after-an-intervention-based-on-the-mediterranean-diet-in-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-nafld
#15
Christina N Katsagoni, Aggeliki Egkomiti, Mariviki Papageorgiou, Panagiota Ioannidou, Elizabeth Fragopoulou, George Papatheodoridis, Meropi Kontogianni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531574/the-weekly-economic-burden-of-a-gluten-free-diet
#16
Stamatina Panagiotou, Meropi Kontogianni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531563/what-do-individuals-with-morbid-obesity-report-as-a-usual-dietary-intake-a-narrative-review-of-available-evidence
#17
Cathy M Harbury, Elisabeth E Verbruggen, Robin Callister, Clare E Collins
BACKGROUND: In several developed countries, as obesity prevalence doubles it has quadrupled for morbid obesity (BMI ≥ 40 kgm(-2)). As more individuals with morbid obesity present for weight loss treatment there is a greater need to understand their dietary habits. No reviews were found in the literature, therefore this systematic review aims to identify and describe the existing evidence on the usual dietary intake of individuals with morbid obesity including those from a general population and those seeking treatment such as weight loss surgery...
June 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531393/the-rs10401670-variant-in-resistin-gene-improved-insulin-resistance-response-and-metabolic-parameters-secondaries-to-weight-loss-after-a-hypocaloric-diet
#18
Daniel Antonio de Luis, Rocío Aller, Olatz Izaola, David Primo, R Bachiller
BACKGROUND: The SNP 3'UTR C/T (rs10401670), it is a polymorphism that has been associated with diabetes mellitus and it has been scarcely studied before. As far as we know, no studies on interaction among diet intervention, rs10401670 variant of RETN and metabolic response has been realized. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to analyze the effects of the rs10401670 RETN gene polymorphism on insulin resistance response and metabolic changes secondary to weight loss after 3 months of a hypocaloric diet in adults obese patients without diabetes mellitus...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531379/the-association-between-an-inflammatory-diet-and-global-cognitive-function-and-incident-dementia-in-older-women-the-women-s-health-initiative-memory-study
#19
Kathleen M Hayden, Daniel P Beavers, Susan E Steck, James R Hebert, Fred K Tabung, Nitin Shivappa, Ramon Casanova, JoAnn E Manson, Claudia B Padula, Elena Salmoirago-Blotcher, Linda G Snetselaar, Oleg Zaslavsky, Stephen R Rapp
INTRODUCTION: The Mediterranean and Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diets have been associated with lower dementia risk. We evaluated dietary inflammatory potential in relation to mild cognitive impairment (MCI)/dementia risk. METHODS: Baseline food frequency questionnaires from n = 7085 women (aged 65-79 years) were used to calculate Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) scores that were categorized into four groups. Cognitive function was evaluated annually, and MCI and all-cause dementia cases were adjudicated centrally...
May 19, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531360/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-for-cardiovascular-diseases-present-past-and-future
#20
Yasuhiro Watanabe, Ichiro Tatsuno
Large-scale epidemiological studies on Greenlandic, Canadian and Alaskan Eskimos have examined the health benefits of omega-3 fatty acids consumed as part of the diet, and found statistically significant relative reduction in cardiovascular risk in people consuming omega-3 fatty acids. Areas covered: This article reviews studies on omega-3 fatty acids during the last 50 years, and identifies issues relevant to future studies on cardiovascular (CV) risk. Expert Commentary: Although a meta-analysis of large-scale prospective cohort studies and randomized studies reported that fish and fish oil consumption reduced coronary heart disease-related mortality and sudden cardiac death, omega-3 fatty acids have not yet been shown to be effective in secondary prevention trials on patients with multiple cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors...
May 20, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
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