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(Cutaneous metastasis) -melanoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766535/deceptively-bland-cutaneous-angiosarcoma-on-the-nose-mimicking-hemangioma-a-clinicopathologic-and-immunohistochemical-analysis
#1
Christina Mitteldorf, Mar Llamas-Velasco, Hans-Joachim Schulze, Kai-Martin Thoms, Thomas Mentzel, Michael Tronnier, Heinz Kutzner
BACKGROUND: We investigated two cases of deceptively bland cutaneous angiosarcoma, which showed a uniform clinical presentation with a rapidly growing tumor on the nose. It remains unclear whether this was a primary cutaneous manifestation or a metastasis. Both tumors initially presented a high histologic overlap with a benign vascular tumor. The diagnosis was primarily based on the rapidly progressing clinical course and on the results of the staging procedures. METHODS: Immunohistochemical stains were performed for cytokeratin (AE1/AE3 and MNF116), CD31, ERG, CD34(HPCA1/my10), D2-40/podoplanin, LYVE-1, Ki67, PHH3, αSMA(1A4), MYC, FOS-B, CAMTA-1, TFE-3, WT1, nestin, VEGFR-2(KDR), VEGFR-3(FLT4), HHV8...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759308/the-value-of-adjuvant-radiotherapy-in-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-review
#2
J Cañueto, A Jaka, A Toll
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is the second most common cancer in humans and its incidence is rising. Although surgery is the treatment of choice for cSCC, postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy has an important role in local and locorregional disease control. In this review, we analyze the value of postoperative radiotherapy therapy in the management of high-risk cSCC (in particular, cases with perineural invasion), cSCC with positive surgical margins, and locally advanced cSCC (with parotid gland and/or lymph node metástasis)...
May 11, 2018: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756221/rapid-growth-rate-is-associated-with-poor-prognosis-in-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#3
J Cañueto, J Martín-Vallejo, E Cardeñoso-Álvarez, E Fernández-López, J Pérez-Losada, C Román-Curto
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) represents the most common form of skin cancer after basal cell carcinoma, and can be both locally invasive and metastatic to distant sites. Growth rate (GR) has been poorly evaluated in cSCC, despite clinical evidence suggesting that GR is an important risk factor in cSCC. AIM: To analyse the influence of GR in cSCC prognosis. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated GR in a series of 90 cSCCs and tried to correlate GR with prognosis in cSCC...
May 13, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742557/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-sclerosing-features-an-uncommon-and-potentially-aggressive-variant
#4
Shira Ronen, Alejandro A Gru, Mary M Noland, David M Rowe, Mark R Wick
Sclerosing squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), also known as "desmoplastic" SCC, is a rare subtype of cutaneous malignancy. This variant is clinically significant because it is associated with an increased risk of local recurrence and metastasis. We herein present 16 examples of sclerotic SCC of the skin in 8 men and 3 women, with a median age of 66 years. The most common site of origin for this tumor is the skin of the head and neck, including the scalp (5 tumors in 2 different patients), forehead (3 cases), nasal ala (2 cases), neck (2 cases in the same patient), ear (2 cases), cheek (1 case), and chest (1 case)...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742555/primary-subcutaneous-synovial-sarcoma-first-reported-subcutaneous-case-showing-tle1-immunoreactivity
#5
Victoria Alegría-Landa, Laura Nájera, Dolores Suárez Massa, Gastón Roustan, María Del Río, Heinz Kutzner, Luis Requena
Synovial sarcoma (SS) accounts for 5%-10% of all soft tissue sarcomas. It is a well-defined soft tissue neoplasm with biphasic and monophasic histologic subtypes and unknown histogenesis. It usually occurs in the extremities, especially the thigh-knee region of young adults. Recurrences are frequent and distant metastasis developed in approximately half of the patients. SSs are characterized by a recurrent nonrandom chromosomal translocation, t(X; 18) (p11; q11), which is considered the primary genetic event in more than 90% of cases...
May 8, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735815/primary-cutaneous-cribriform-apocrine-carcinoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Jiann-Der Wu, Chih-Hsuan Changchien, Kai-Sheng Liao
Primary cutaneous cribriform apocrine carcinoma is a rare but distinct variant of primary cutaneous apocrine carcinoma and it is considered a low grade malignancy. We herein present a case of primary cutaneous cribriform apocrine carcinoma at the neck of a 26-year-old female. The tumor features a relatively well-circumscribed border and multiple aggregations of mildly pleomorphic epithelial cells with large ovoid nuclei, small nucleoli and abundant eosinophilic cytoplasms. Cribriform and tubular structures are the major architectural patterns...
May 2, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724431/acral-metastasis-of-the-fingers-report-of-2-cases
#7
A J Baños-Arévalo, N López-Navarro, E Gallego-Domínguez, E Herrera
Cutaneous metastases appear in 0.6% to 10.4% of malignant tumors and account for 2% of all cutaneous tumors. Metastasis to the skin may arise from progression of a known primary tumor or provide the first sign of an unsuspected one. Acral metastases are particularly unusual. Most derive from bone tumors. Clinical signs vary and the lesions generally resemble infection or inflammation, leading to diagnostic delays. When metástasis involves the fingers, the primary tumor is usually lung carcinoma. In contrast, toe involvement usually derives from a tumor in the genitourinary tract...
April 30, 2018: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719746/sister-mary-joseph-nodule-as-a-cutaneous-manifestation-of-metastatic-appendiceal-adenocarcinoma-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Raghavendra L Girijala, Ryan R Riahi, Philip R Cohen
Sister Mary Joseph nodule (SMJN) is an uncommon pattern of superficial periumbilical tumor metastasis, with the primary tumor most commonly associated with gynecological or gastrointestinal origins. This manifestation can represent extensive tumor development from any of the intra-abdominal or pelvic structures. Therefore, SMJN carries a poor prognosis, with a two-year survival rate of only 13.5 percent regardless of the etiology of primary cancer. In this case, a 67-year-old man with metastatic mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix involving the umbilicus presenting more than five years after the initial cancer diagnosis is reported...
February 28, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714816/sentinel-lymph-node-metastasis-in-primary-cutaneous-basosquamous-carcinoma-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Despoina D Kakagia, Polyxeni Zapandioti, Grigoris Trypsiannis, Alexandra N Grekou, Dimosthenis Tsoutsos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Basosquamous carcinoma (BSC) is a rare, biologically aggressive tumor. This cross-sectional study aims to define risk factors for subclinical nodal metastasis in primary BSC, and identify the patients who would benefit from routine sentinel node biopsy (SLNB) as part of the initial management. METHODS: A total of 142 patients, with histologically proven BSC without palpable lymph nodes, underwent SLNB after the initial excision. Clinicopathological features and demographics were analyzed between the patients with detected micrometastasis (SLNM) and those with negative SLN...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714655/localized-morphea-after-breast-implant-for-breast-cancer-a-case-report
#10
A Moretti, F Bianchi, I V Abbate, G Gherardi, M Bonavita, E Passoni, G Nazzaro, A Bramati, M C Dazzani, S Piva, E Paternò, N Frungillo, G Farina, N La Verde
PURPOSE: Early breast cancer follow-up guidelines for patients who underwent surgery suggest a regular and accurate clinical examination of the breast area, for an early identification of cutaneous or subcutaneous breast cancer relapse. Nonetheless, breast skin lesions arising in patients treated with mastectomy for breast cancer can be caused by several diseases. A series of diagnostic hypotheses should be considered, not only focusing on cutaneous metastasis, but also on dermatologic and systemic diseases...
March 1, 2018: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708358/cutaneous-and-subcutaneous-metastases-of-adenocarcinoma-as-a-dominant-clinical-manifestation-of-malignancy-of-unknown-origin-a-case-report
#11
Vladimír Bartoš, Kamila Hamarová
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous metastases occur in 0.6-10.4% of all patients with underlying malignancy. Among them, the site of origin remains unknown in 4.4-14.5% of all cases. CASE: The authors describe a 68-year-old man with widespread skin and soft tissue metastases appearing as the first and dominant clinical manifestation of oncologic disease. Physical examination and CT scans revealed multiple cutaneous and subcutaneous tumor nodules arising in the neck, chest, abdomen, lumbar region and right forearm, as well as in the gluteal and iliacus muscles and in the proximal part of the left thigh...
2018: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707398/severe-bilateral-breast-mucinous-carcinoma-with-bilateral-lungs-and-cutaneous-metastasis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Rong Pu, Yanchu Li, Xianyong Li
The case of a female who had severe, rare, terminal breast mucinous carcinoma (BMC) and failed to receive surgery and chemotherapy was reported. The patient was diagnosed with pure BMC (ER++, PR++, CerbB-2-, and Ki-67 10%) accompanied with bilateral lungs, bilateral chest walls with skin ulcer ( D  = 14 cm), lymph nodes of bilateral armpits, and right supraclavicular metastases. ECOG (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group) and NRS (Numeric Rating Scale) pain scores were 4 and 6, respectively. Because the patient refused traditional chemotherapy and radiotherapy on religious grounds, an herbal medicine containing Panax ginseng , Agrimonia pilosa , and white flower Patrinia herb was administered; extensive nursing for tumor debridement was also provided...
2018: Case Reports in Oncological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692465/cutaneous-metastasis-leading-to-the-diagnosis-of-carcinoma-of-the-prostate-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#13
Pritam Sureshchandra Kataria, Pradip Piraji Kendre, Apurva Ashok Patel, Sameer Dalsaniya
Prostate adenocarcinoma is a common urologic malignant neoplasm in man. Distant cutaneous metastases (CMs) of prostate carcinoma are extremely rare with a reported incidence of 0.36% and usually they occur late. Clinically, cutaneous metastasis of prostate carcinoma can mimic other skin conditions such as cellulitis, sebaceous cyst, zosteriform lesions, telangectasias, and more, resulting in a poor recognition. Few cases of true cutaneous metastatic prostate carcinoma exist in the literature. We present a case, where the first sign of carcinoma of the prostate was CM over the anterior abdominal wall...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691857/primary-tonsillar-mast-cell-tumour-in-a-dog
#14
C C Shekell, M J Thomson, R I Miller, J T Mackie
CASE REPORT: A 6-year-old speyed female Bull Arab-cross dog was found to have a small tonsillar nodule. Histological examination revealed a well-differentiated mast cell tumour (MCT). At initial staging, no evidence of concurrent cutaneous or visceral MCTs was found on a complete blood count, a single lateral thoracic radiograph, abdominal ultrasound or cytology of the spleen and regional lymph nodes. A diagnosis of primary tonsillar MCT was made. At 40 months postoperatively, the dog is alive with no evidence of gross tumour progression, in contrast to some previous reports of rapid disease progression and metastasis in dogs with primary oral MCTs...
May 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682391/a-case-of-prostatic-carcinoma-manifesting-as-cutaneous-facial-nodule
#15
Israel Antonio Esquivel-Pinto, Bertha Torres-Alvarez, Ramiro Jetzabel Gómez-Villa, Juan Pablo Castanedo-Cázares
Prostate cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed cancer worldwide and the fifth most common cause of cancer deaths among men. Cutaneous metastasis is an uncommon phenomenon in prostatic cancer, occurring in 0.06-0.3% of cases. Case Presentation. A 56-year-old man presented to our outpatient clinic with a one-month history of a 1.5 cm in diameter, solitary, asymptomatic, purple nodule located on his upper right cheek. After biopsy, prostatic cancer metastasis was diagnosed. Discussion. A literature review revealed 59 articles documenting 71 cases of this diagnosis...
2018: Case Reports in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674402/cutaneous-lymphangitis-carcinomatosa-made-cervicofacial-oedema-intractable-in-a-patient-with-superior-vena-cava-syndrome
#16
Eriko Kashihara, Osamu Kanai, Misato Okamura, Tadashi Mio
Cutaneous lymphangitis carcinomatosa (CLC) is a rare form of cutaneous metastasis that causes lymphoedema and various eruptions. We report a case of lung cancer with CLC that caused both superior vena cava (SVC) stenosis and cervicofacial oedema, suggestive of SVC syndrome. A 64-year-old woman with lung adenocarcinoma presented with cervicofacial oedema and erythema, followed by severe dyspnoea 2 months after four cycles of carboplatin, pemetrexed and bevacizumab triplet therapy. Although chest CT indicated SVC stenosis, cervicofacial oedema remained despite treating the SVC stenosis via balloon dilation...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674005/breast-cancer-cutaneous-metastases-mimicking-papilloma-cutis-lymphostatica-biopsy-to-avoid-pitfalls
#17
Giuseppe Giudice, Michelangelo Vestita, Fabio Robusto, Paolo Annoscia, Francesco Ciancio, Eleonora Nacchiero
INTRODUCTION: Secondary lymphedema is the most frequent long-term complication of axillary lymphadenectomy. It can result in complication as erysipelas, warts, Papilloma Cutis Lymphostatica (PCL), or angiosarcomas. Moreover, in women affected by breast cancer an accurate differential diagnosis among these conditions or complication related to radiation dermatitis or cutaneous metastasis is essential. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of a 60-year-old postmenopausal Caucasian woman affected by secondary lymphedema following complete mastectomy for breast cancer...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672360/cutaneous-metastasis-of-adenocarcinoma-of-the-ampulla-of-vater
#18
Angel Fernandez-Flores, David S Cassarino
Cutaneous metastases from an adenocarcinoma of the Ampulla of Vater are very rare, with only a few cases previously reported. We present here an additional case in a 57-year-old woman who complained of a painful growth on her frontal scalp that she had noticed 4 months earlier. Her medical history included an ampullary adenocarcinoma, which was diagnosed 4 years ago, excised through a Whipple procedure, and treated using chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The scalp biopsy showed a dermal and epidermotropic well-differentiated glandular neoplasm with abundant neutrophils within the luminae of the tumoral glands...
April 17, 2018: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665032/testicular-choriocarcinoma-with-cutaneous-metastasis-in-a-19-year-old-man
#19
Ferdinand Toberer, Alexander Enk, Wolfgang Hartschuh, Carsten Grüllich
A 19-year-old man suffering from testicular choriocarcinoma presented to the dermatology department with a cutaneous metastasis on his head. This metastasis was the first sign of disease that led to medical consultation. Histopathology revealed cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts, the later expressing human chorionic gonadotropin antigen. Whole body computed tomography showed multiple metastases of the brain, lung, liver, bone, paraaortic lymph nodes and left uvea, the primary was found in the left testicle...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648676/sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-series-of-37-cases-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#20
Raphael Lhote, Jérôme Lambert, Jumie Lejeune, Jeremy Gottlieb, Antoine Badaoui, Maxime Battistella, Jennifer Roux, Cecile Pages, Laetitia Vercellino, Catherine Vilmer, Christine Le Maignan, Catherine Escande, Besma MBarek, Martine Bagot, Celeste Lebbé, Nicole Basset-Seguin
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma is one of the most common skin cancers and can lead to patient death. Early diagnosis of node metastasis is a major goal for dermatologists and oncologists. The sentinel lymph node procedure has been proposed to improve this issue but is still debated. To evaluate the efficacy and the impact of this technique on prognosis of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, 37 patients (Saint Louis Hospital, Paris - France) who underwent sentinel lymph node biopsy and 290 cases from the literature were analyzed...
April 12, 2018: Acta Dermato-venereologica
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