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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198967/fall-and-its-association-with-the-frailty-syndrome-in-the-elderly-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#1
Jack Roberto Silva Fhon, Rosalina Aparecida Partezani Rodrigues, Wilmer Fuentes Neira, Violeta Magdalena Rojas Huayta, Maria Lucia do Carmo Cruz Robazzi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of falls and frailty syndrome and the association between these two syndromes in the elderly population. METHOD: Systematic review, without restriction of dates, in English, Portuguese and Spanish languages, in the databases PubMed, CINAHL, LILACS and in the SciElo virtual library. The association between both variables was extracted from the studies (Odds Ratio and 95% Confidence Intervals). RESULTS: The review included 19 studies published between 2001 and 2015...
November 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146182/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-appraisal-of-self-care-agency-scale-revised
#2
Thaís Santos Guerra Stacciarini, Ana Emilia Pace
Objective: to analyze the factor structure of the Appraisal of Self-Care Agency Scale-Revised (ASAS-R), adapted for Brazil. Method: methodological study conducted with 150 individuals with diabetes mellitus cared for by the Family Health Strategy, most of whom are elderly with low educational levels. The test of the hypothesis concerning the confirmatory factor composition of the ASAS-R was performed using latent variables structural equations. Results: the model's goodness-of-fit indexes were satisfactory (χ2 = 259...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117471/temporal-analysis-of-reported-cases-of-tuberculosis-and-of-tuberculosis-hiv-co-infection-in-brazil-between-2002-and-2012
#3
Renato Simões Gaspar, Natália Nunes, Marina Nunes, Vandilson Pinheiro Rodrigues
Objective: To investigate the reported cases of tuberculosis and of tuberculosis-HIV co-infection in Brazil between 2002 and 2012. Methods: This was an observational study based on secondary time series data collected from the Brazilian Case Registry Database for the 2002-2012 period. The incidence of tuberculosis was stratified by gender, age group, geographical region, and outcome, as was that of tuberculosis-HIV co-infection. Results: Nationally, the incidence of tuberculosis declined by 18%, whereas that of tuberculosis-HIV co-infection increased by 3...
November 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099667/clinical-functional-vulnerability-index-20-ivcf-20-rapid-recognition-of-frail-older-adults
#4
Edgar Nunes de Moraes, Juliana Alves do Carmo, Flávia Lanna de Moraes, Raquel Souza Azevedo, Carla Jorge Machado, Dalia Elena Romero Montilla
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the adequacy of the Clinical-Functional Vulnerability Index-20, a rapid triage instrument to test vulnerability in Brazilian older adults, for the use in primary health care. METHODS: The study included convenience sample of 397 patients aged older than or equal to 60 years attended at Centro de Referência para o Idoso (Reference Center for Older Adults) and of 52 older adults the same age attended at the community. The results of the questionnaire, consisting of 20 questions, were compared with those of the Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment, considered a reference for identifying frail older adults...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099659/factors-associated-with-the-use-of-antihypertensives-among-seniors
#5
Kaio Henrique Correa Massa, José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Maria Lúcia Lebrão, Yeda Aparecida Oliveira Duarte, Alexandre Dias Porto Chiavegatto
OBJECTIVE: Analyze the use of antihypertensives among seniors and the association with socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics. METHODS: In this seriate cross-sectional study, we used data from the Saúde, Bem Estar e Envelhecimento study (SABE - Health, Well-being, and Aging), conducted in 2000, 2006, and 2010 in the city of São Paulo. Association between the use of antihypertensives and the demographic, behavioral, and socioeconomic characteristics and risk factors was analyzed by using multilevel logistic regression models...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076599/applicability-of-the-spoken-knowledge-in-low-literacy-patients-with-diabetes-in-brazilian-elderly
#6
Jonas Gordilho Souza, Daniel Apolinario, José Marcelo Farfel, Omar Jaluul, Regina Miksian Magaldi, Alexandre Leopold Busse, Flávia Campora, Wilson Jacob-Filho
Objective: To translate, adapt and evaluate the properties of a Brazilian Portuguese version of the Spoken Knowledge in Low Literacy Patients with Diabetes, which is a questionnaire that evaluate diabetes knowledge. Methods: A cross-sectional study with type 2 diabetes patients aged ≥60 years, seen at a public healthcare organization in the city of Sao Paulo (SP). After the development of the Portuguese version, we evaluated the psychometrics properties and the association with sociodemographic and clinical variables...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069466/voice-disorders-in-older-adults-living-in-nursing-homes-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#7
Leandro Pernambuco, Albert Espelt, Amanda C B Góis, Kenio Costa de Lima
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence and the associated factors with voice disorders (VDs) in older adults living in nursing homes. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: A sample of 117 Brazilian individuals of both sexes and preserved cognitive function, aged >59 years, living in 10 nursing homes, was studied. VDs were screened using the validated tool "Rastreamento de Alterações Vocais em Idosos" (RAVI-Screening for Voice Disorders in Older Adults)...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001209/quality-of-life-and-its-association-with-work-the-internet-participation-in-groups-and-physical-activity-among-the-elderly-from-the-epifloripa-survey-florian%C3%A3-polis-santa-catarina-state-brazil
#8
Larissa Pruner Marques, Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider, Eleonora d'Orsi
The study aimed to investigate the association between changes in social relations and physical activity on the quality of life of the elderly in the city of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina state, Brazil. Data on 1,197 elderly from two waves of the population and household survey, EpiFloripa Idoso, were analyzed. Multiple linear regression was performed to estimate association of social change variables and lifestyle on quality of life score (QoL; measured by CASP-16 Brazil, score can range from 0, which represents no QoL to 48, total satisfaction in all domains of CASP)...
December 22, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982382/access-to-medicines-for-chronic-diseases-in-brazil-a-multidimensional-approach
#9
Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Vera Lucia Luiza, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Mareni Rocha Farias, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the access to medicines to treat non-communicable diseases in Brazil according to socioeconomic, demographic, and health-related factors, from a multidimensional perspective. METHODS: Analysis of data from the National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines (PNAUM), household survey, sampling plan by conglomerates with representativeness of the Brazilian population and large areas of the country, according to sex and age domains...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982377/polypharmacy-and-polymorbidity-in-older-adults-in-brazil-a-public-health-challenge
#10
Luiz Roberto Ramos, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Mareni Rocha Farias, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Vera Lucia Luiza, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Paulo Sérgio Dourado Arrais, Sotero Serrate Mengue
OBJECTIVE: To analyze variations in the prevalence of chronic use of medicines by older adults in Brazil according to its possible association with the most prevalent chronic diseases and demographic and health factors, and to identify risk factors for polypharmacy. METHODS: A study based on data from the National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines (PNAUM), a cross-sectional, population-based survey with probability sampling in Brazilian urban areas...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982374/free-access-to-medicines-for-the-treatment-of-chronic-diseases-in-brazil
#11
Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Vera Lucia Luiza, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Karen Sarmento Costa, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Mareni Rocha Farias, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the free access to medicines for the treatment of chronic diseases in the Brazilian population, according to demographic and socioeconomic factors. We also analyzed the most used pharmacological groups, according to funding source: free-of-charge or out-of-pocket paid. METHODS: Analysis of data from the Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), a population-based household survey, of cross-sectional design, based on probabilistic sample of the Brazilian population...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925017/community-health-workers-perceptions-in-relation-to-speech-and-language-disorders
#12
Carla Cristina Lins Santos Knochenhauer, Karina Mary de Paiva Vianna
Purpose: To know the perception of the Community Health Workers (CHW) about the speech and language disorders. Method: Cross-sectional study, which involved a questionnaire with questions related to the knowledge of CHW on speech and language disorders. The research was carried out with CHW allocated in the Centro Sanitary District of Florianópolis. Results: We interviewed 35 CHW, being mostly (80%) female gender, with a average age of 47 years (standard deviation = 2...
November 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901220/zarit-burden-interview-psychometric-indicators-applied-in-older-people-caregivers-of-other-elderly
#13
Mariana Bianchi, Leticia Decimo Flesch, Erika Valeska da Costa Alves, Samila Sathler Taveres Batistoni, Anita Liberalesso Neri
Objective: to derive psychometric indicators of construct validity and internal consistence of the Zarit Burden Interview scale for caregivers, describing associations of the scale with metrics related to care demands, coping strategies and depression in aged caregivers. Method: crosscutting descriptive and correlational study. The convenience sample was composed by a hundred and twenty one senior caregivers (Avg=70.5 ± 7.2 years, 73% women). They answered a questionnaire to check the physical and cognitive demands of care, the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI), the California Inventory of Coping Strategies and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15)...
November 28, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828575/low-diet-quality-in-older-adults-a-population-based-study-in-southern-brazil
#14
Ana Paula Gomes, Ana Luiza Gonçalves Soares, Helen Gonçalves
The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with low diet quality in older adults from the city of Pelotas, Southern Brazil. Information on food consumption was collected using a reduced food frequency questionnaire, and diet quality was assessed by the Elderly Diet Quality Index DQI-E ("Índice de Qualidade da Dieta de Idosos - IQD-I"), devised by the authors. Points were attributed to each food evaluated according to frequency of consumption. Higher consumption frequency of healthy foods received higher scores whilst unhealthy foods received lower scores...
November 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680045/indicators-of-health-and-safety-among-institutionalized-older-adults
#15
Maria Lígia Silva Nunes Cavalcante, Cíntia Lira Borges, Acácia Maria Figueiredo Torres de Melo Moura, Rhanna Emanuela Fontenele Lima de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To identify the incidence of mortality, diarrheal diseases, scabies and falls; and the prevalence of pressure ulcers - all of which are related to the safety ofinstitutionalized older adults. METHOD: This was a documentary retrospective study developed in a long-term residential careinstitution for older adults in the Northeast region of Brazil. The data were gathered from records of health assessment indicators filed between January 2008 and December 2015...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680044/elder-friendly-emergency-services-in-brazil-necessary-conditions-for-care
#16
Mariana Timmers Dos Santos, Maria Alice Dias da Silva Lima, Paula Buchs Zucatti
OBJECTIVE: To identify and analyze the aspects necessary to provide an elder-friendly emergency service (ES) from the perspective of nurses. METHOD: This is a descriptive, quantitative study using the Delphi technique in three rounds. Nurses with professional experience in the ES and/or researchers with publications and/or conducting research in the study area were selected. The first round of the Delphi panel had 72 participants, the second 49, and the third 44...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679948/age-related-changes-in-bone-architecture
#17
Vincenzo Giordano, José Sérgio Franco, Hilton Augusto Koch, Pedro José Labronici, Robinson Esteves S Pires, Ney Pecegueiro DO Amaral
OBJECTIVE: : to evaluate the histologic and morphometric characteristics of bone biopsies of the anterior iliac crest of patients of different age groups. METHODS: : we studied 30 bone samples from the iliac crest, using brightfield optical microscopy. We divided the samples by donors' age groups in three groups: Group 1 (n = 10), subjects aged between 25 and 39 years; Group 2 (n = 10), subjects aged between 40 and 64 years; Group 3 (n = 10), individuals aged 65 years and over...
July 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598380/drug-drug-interactions-and-adverse-drug-reactions-in-polypharmacy-among-older-adults-an-integrative-review
#18
Maria Cristina Soares Rodrigues, Cesar de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: to identify and summarize studies examining both drug-drug interactions (DDI) and adverse drug reactions (ADR) in older adults polymedicated. METHODS: an integrative review of studies published from January 2008 to December 2013, according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, in MEDLINE and EMBASE electronic databases were performed. RESULTS: forty-seven full-text studies including 14,624,492 older adults (≥ 60 years) were analyzed: 24 (51...
September 1, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579929/healthy-aging-profile-in-octogenarians-in-brazil
#19
Ana Cristina Viana Campos, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Andréa Maria Duarte Vargas, Lúcia Hisako Takase Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: to identify the healthy aging profile in octogenarians in Brazil. METHOD: this population-based epidemiological study was conducted using household interviews of 335 octogenarians in a Brazilian municipality. The decision-tree model was used to assess the healthy aging profile in relation to the socioeconomic characteristics evaluated at baseline. All of the tests used a p-value < 0.05. RESULTS: the majority of the 335 participating older adults were women (62...
August 29, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556967/self-perception-of-oral-health-in-older-adults-from-an-urban-population-in-lisbon-portugal
#20
Catarina Carvalho, Ana Cristina Manso, Ana Escoval, Francisco Salvado, Carla Nunes
OBJECTIVE: To analyze if the self-perception of oral health in the urban context is associated with sociodemographic factors that interfere in the life quality of oral health. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with convenience sample of older individuals (65 years old or more) enrolled in the Agrupamento de Centros de Saúde de Lisboa Norte (ACES Lisboa Norte - Health Centers Groupings North Lisbon). The self-perception of oral health and associated life quality was evaluated by the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index and the individuals were classified according to sociodemographic characteristics...
August 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
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