keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Purinergic signalling

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331508/compartmentalized-crosstalk-of-cftr-and-tmem16a-ano1-through-epac1-and-adcy1
#1
Joana Lérias, Madalena Pinto, Roberta Benedetto, Rainer Schreiber, Margarida Amaral, Massimo Aureli, Karl Kunzelmann
Airway epithelial cells express both Ca2+ activated TMEM16A/ANO1 and cAMP activated CFTR anion channels. Previous work suggested a significant crosstalk of intracellular Ca2+ and cAMP signaling pathways, leading to activation of both chloride channels. We demonstrate that in airway epithelial cells, stimulation of purinergic or muscarinic G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) activates TMEM16A and CFTR. Additional expression of Gq/11 and phospholipase C coupled GPCRs strongly enhanced the crosstalk between Ca2+- and cAMP-dependent signaling...
January 10, 2018: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323344/updating-osteoimmunology-regulation-of-bone-cells-by-innate-and-adaptive-immunity
#2
REVIEW
Matthew C Walsh, Noriko Takegahara, Hyunsoo Kim, Yongwon Choi
Osteoimmunology encompasses all aspects of the cross-regulation of bone and the immune system, including various cell types, signalling pathways, cytokines and chemokines, under both homeostatic and pathogenic conditions. A number of key areas are of increasing interest and relevance to osteoimmunology researchers. Although rheumatoid arthritis has long been recognized as one of the most common autoimmune diseases to affect bone integrity, researchers have focused increased attention on understanding how molecular triggers and innate signalling pathways (such as Toll-like receptors and purinergic signalling pathways) related to pathogenic and/or commensal microbiota are relevant to bone biology and rheumatic diseases...
January 11, 2018: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315226/unfolding-role-of-a-danger-molecule-adenosine-signaling-in-modulation-of-microbial-infection-and-host-cell-response
#3
REVIEW
Jaden S Lee, Özlem Yilmaz
Ectonucleotidases CD39 and CD73, specific nucleotide metabolizing enzymes located on the surface of the host, can convert a pro-inflammatory environment driven by a danger molecule extracellular-ATP to an adenosine-mediated anti-inflammatory milieu. Accordingly, CD39/CD73 signaling have has strongly implicated in modulating the intensity, duration, and composition of purinergic danger signals delivered to host. Recent studies have eluted potential roles for CD39 and CD73 in selective triggering of a variety of host immune cells and molecules in the presence of pathogenic microorganisms or microbial virulence molecules...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305530/role-of-purinergic-receptor-p2y1-in-spatiotemporal-ca2-dynamics-in-astrocytes
#4
Eiji Shigetomi, Yukiho J Hirayama, Kazuhiro Ikenaka, Kenji F Tanaka, Schuichi Koizumi
Fine processes of astrocytes enwrap synapses and are well-positioned to sense neuronal information via synaptic transmission. In rodents, astrocyte processes sense synaptic transmission via Gq-protein coupled receptors (GqPCR), including the P2Y1 receptor (P2Y1R), to generate Ca2+ signals. Astrocytes display numerous spontaneous microdomain Ca2+ signals; however, it is not clear if such signals are due to local synaptic transmission and/or in what timeframe astrocytes sense local synaptic transmission. To ask if GqPCRs mediate microdomain Ca2+ signals, we engineered mice (both sexes) to specifically overexpress P2Y1Rs in astrocytes and we visualized Ca2+ signals via a genetically encoded Ca2+ indicator, GCaMP6f, in astrocytes from adult mice...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298472/electrical-activity-of-the-bladder-is-attenuated-by-intravesical-inhibition-of-p2x2-3-receptors-during-micturition-in-female-rats
#5
Betsy H Salazar, Kristopher A Hoffman, Chuan Zhang, Alex Kavanagh, Yingchun Zhang, Timothy B Boone, Alvaro Munoz
PURPOSE: To simultaneously monitor electrical discharges in various bladder regions and the external urethral sphincter (EUS) during voiding contractions, and to assess the functional role of myogenic modulation of the lower urinary tract (LUT) by ionotropic purinergic receptors containing the P2X3 subunit. METHODS: Female Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized with urethane, and implanted with a suprapubic catheter for open cystometry. Flexible microelectrodes were placed ventrally in the bladder dome, upper bladder, lower bladder, and bladder base, along with the middle section of the exposed EUS...
December 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290027/n-terminal-tagging-of-human-p2x7-receptor-disturbs-calcium-influx-and-dye-uptake
#6
Karin Dreisig, Nikolaj Pagh Kristensen, Maja Wallentin Dommer, Niklas Rye Jørgensen, Birgitte Rahbek Kornum
The P2X7 receptor is a frequently studied member of the purinergic receptor family signalling via channel opening and membrane pore formation. Fluorescent imaging is an important molecular method for studying cellular receptor expression and localization. Fusion of receptors to fluorescent proteins might cause major functional changes and requires careful functional evaluation such as has been done for the rat P2X7 receptor. This study examines fusion constructs of the human P2X7 receptor. We assessed surface expression, channel opening with calcium influx, and pore formation using YO-PRO-1 dye uptake in response to BzATP stimulation in transfected cells...
December 30, 2017: Purinergic Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277734/evidence-for-astrocyte-purinergic-signaling-in-cortical-sensory-adaptation-and-serotonin-mediated-neuromodulation
#7
Elizabeth F Quon, Caitlin A Wotton, Lane K Bekar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275372/nitric-oxide-dependent-feedback-loop-regulates-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-4-trpv4-channel-cooperativity-and-endothelial-function-in-small-pulmonary-arteries
#8
Corina Marziano, Kwangseok Hong, Eric L Cope, Michael I Kotlikoff, Brant E Isakson, Swapnil K Sonkusare
BACKGROUND: Recent studies demonstrate that spatially restricted, local Ca2+ signals are key regulators of endothelium-dependent vasodilation in systemic circulation. There are drastic functional differences between pulmonary arteries (PAs) and systemic arteries, but the local Ca2+ signals that control endothelium-dependent vasodilation of PAs are not known. Localized, unitary Ca2+ influx events through transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channels, termed TRPV4 sparklets, regulate endothelium-dependent vasodilation in resistance-sized mesenteric arteries via activation of Ca2+-dependent K+ channels...
December 23, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274390/extracellular-atp-signaling-and-clinical-relevance
#9
REVIEW
Lei Dou, Yi-Fa Chen, Peter J Cowan, Xiao-Ping Chen
Since purinergic signaling was discovered in the early 1970s, it has been shown that extracellular nucleotides, and their derivative nucleosides, are released in a regulated or unregulated manner by cells in various challenging settings and then bind defined purinergic receptors to activate intricate signaling networks. Extracellular ATP plays a role based on different P2 receptor subtypes expressed on specific cell types. Sequential hydrolysis of extracellular ATP catalyzed by ectonucleotidases (e.g. CD39, CD73) is the main pathway for the generation of adenosine, which in turn activates P1 receptors...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273780/extracellular-atp-elicits-dorn1-mediated-rbohd-phosphorylation-to-regulate-stomatal-aperture
#10
Dongqin Chen, Yangrong Cao, Hong Li, Daewon Kim, Nagib Ahsan, Jay Thelen, Gary Stacey
In addition to acting as a cellular energy source, ATP can also act as a damage-associated molecular pattern in both animals and plants. Stomata are leaf pores that control gas exchange and, therefore, impact critical functions such as photosynthesis, drought tolerance, and also are the preferred entry point for pathogens. Here we show the addition of ATP leads to the rapid closure of leaf stomata and enhanced resistance to the bacterial pathogen Psuedomonas syringae. This response is mediated by ATP recognition by the receptor DORN1, followed by direct phosphorylation of the NADPH oxidase RBOHD, resulting in elevated production of reactive oxygen species and stomatal closure...
December 22, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249968/purinergic-receptors-in-adipose-tissue-as-potential-targets-in-metabolic-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Marco Tozzi, Ivana Novak
Extracellular nucleosides and nucleotides, such as adenosine and adenosine triphosphate (ATP), are involved in many physiological and pathological processes in adipose tissue (AT). It is becoming accepted that, in addition to the well-established sympathetic and hormonal system, purinergic receptors contribute significantly to regulation of adipocyte functions. Several receptor subtypes for both adenosine (P1) and ATP (P2X and P2Y) have been characterized in white adipocytes (WA) and brown adipocytes (BA). The effects mediated by adenosine and ATP on adipocytes are multiple and often differing, depending on specific receptors activated...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247713/role-of-microglia-neuron-interactions-in-diabetic-encephalopathy
#12
REVIEW
Yuan Liu, Mingchao Li, Zuo Zhang, Yun Ye, Jiyin Zhou
In the central nervous system, the primary immune cells, the microglia, prevent pathogenic invasion as the first line of defense. Microglial energy consumption is dependent on their degree of activity. Microglia express transporters for the three primary energy substrates (glucose, fatty acids, glutamine) and regulate diabetic encephalopathy via microglia-neuron interactions. Microglia may play a sentry role for rapid protection or even ablation of impaired neurons. Neurons exhibit hyperactivity in response to hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and neurotoxic factors and release potential microglial activators...
December 13, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233884/revisiting-multimodal-activation-and-channel-properties-of-pannexin-1
#13
REVIEW
Yu-Hsin Chiu, Michael S Schappe, Bimal N Desai, Douglas A Bayliss
Pannexin 1 (Panx1) forms plasma membrane ion channels that are widely expressed throughout the body. Panx1 activation results in the release of nucleotides such as adenosine triphosphate and uridine triphosphate. Thus, these channels have been implicated in diverse physiological and pathological functions associated with purinergic signaling, such as apoptotic cell clearance, blood pressure regulation, neuropathic pain, and excitotoxicity. In light of this, substantial attention has been directed to understanding the mechanisms that regulate Panx1 channel expression and activation...
December 12, 2017: Journal of General Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228614/dual-effects-of-radiation-bystander-signaling-in-urothelial-cancer-purinergic-activation-of-apoptosis-attenuates-survival-of-urothelial-cancer-and-normal-urothelial-cells
#14
Malgorzata A Bill, Kirtiman Srivastava, Conor Breen, Karl T Butterworth, Stephen J McMahon, Kevin M Prise, Karen D McCloskey
Radiation therapy (RT) delivers tumour kill, directly and often via bystander mechanisms. Bladder toxicity is a dose limiting constraint in pelvic RT, manifested as radiation cystitis and urinary symptoms. We aimed to investigate the impact of radiation-induced bystander signaling on normal/cancer urothelial cells. Human urothelial cancer cells T24, HT1376 and normal urothelial cells HUC, SV-HUC were used. Cells were irradiated and studied directly, or conditioned medium from irradiated cells (CM) was transferred to naïve, cells...
November 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213241/interaction-of-purinergic-p2x4-and-p2x7-receptor-subunits
#15
Markus Schneider, Kirsten Prudic, Anja Pippel, Manuela Klapperstück, Ursula Braam, Christa E Müller, Günther Schmalzing, Fritz Markwardt
P2X4 and P2X7 are members of the P2X receptor family, comprising seven isoforms (P2X1-P2X7) that form homo- and heterotrimeric non-specific cation channels gated by extracellular ATP. P2X4 and P2X7 are widely coexpressed, particularly in secretory epithelial cells and immune and inflammatory cells, and regulate inflammation and nociception. Although functional heteromerization has been established for P2X2 and P2X3 subunits expressed in sensory neurons, there are contradictory reports regarding a functional interaction between P2X4 and P2X7 subunits...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213230/pannexin-1-modulates-axonal-growth-in-mouse-peripheral-nerves
#16
Steven M Horton, Carlos Luna Lopez, Elisabeth Blevins, Holly Howarth, Jake Weisberg, Valery I Shestopalov, Helen P Makarenkova, Sameer B Shah
The pannexin family of channels consists of three members-pannexin-1 (Panx1), pannexin-2 (Panx2), and pannexin-3 (Panx3) that enable the exchange of metabolites and signaling molecules between intracellular and extracellular compartments. Pannexin-mediated release of intracellular ATP into the extracellular space has been tied to a number of cellular activities, primarily through the activity of type P2 purinergic receptors. Previous work indicates that the opening of Panx1 channels and activation of purinergic receptors by extracellular ATP may cause inflammation and apoptosis...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209319/mesenchymal-stem-cells-induce-expression-of-cd73-in-human-monocytes-in-vitro-and-in-a-swine-model-of-myocardial-infarction-in-vivo
#17
Marta Monguió-Tortajada, Santiago Roura, Carolina Gálvez-Montón, Marcella Franquesa, Antoni Bayes-Genis, Francesc E Borràs
The ectoenzymes CD39 and CD73 regulate the purinergic signaling through the hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)/ADP to AMP and to adenosine (Ado), respectively. This shifts the pro-inflammatory milieu induced by extracellular ATP to the anti-inflammatory regulation by Ado. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have potent immunomodulatory capabilities, including monocyte modulation toward an anti-inflammatory phenotype aiding tissue repair. In vitro, we observed that human cardiac adipose tissue-derived MSCs (cATMSCs) and umbilical cord MSCs similarly polarize monocytes toward a regulatory M2 phenotype, which maintained the expression of CD39 and induced expression of CD73 in a cell contact dependent fashion, correlating with increased functional activity...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199560/lion-s-mane-medicinal-mushroom-hericium-erinaceus-agaricomycetes-modulates-purinoceptor-coupled-calcium-signaling-and-murine-nociceptive-behavior
#18
Pei-Shan Liu, Sheau-Huei Chueh, Chin-Chu Chen, Li-Ya Lee, Li-Yen Shiu
Hericium erinaceus is well known for the neurotrophic effect it confers by promoting nerve growth factor biosynthesis. We discovered a novel bioactivity of H. erinaceus in its ability to suppress adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-induced calcium signaling in neuronal PC12 cells. ATP, known primarily as a neurotransmitter, also acts on purinoceptors (P2 purinergic receptor [P2R]) to generate the cellular calcium signaling and secretion that mediate P2R physiological manifestations, including pain. Chronic pain reduces quality of life...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197225/4-aminopyridine-based-amide-derivatives-as-dual-inhibitors-of-tissue-non-specific-alkaline-phosphatase-and-ecto-5-nucleotidase-with-potential-anticancer-activity
#19
Sidra Hassan, Syeda Abida Ejaz, Aamer Saeed, Muddasar Shehzad, Shafi Ullah Khan, Joanna Lecka, Jean Sévigny, Ghulam Shabir, Jamshed Iqbal
Ecto-nucleotidase members i.e., ecto-5'-nucleotidase and alkaline phosphatase, hydrolyze extracellular nucleotides and play an important role in purinergic signaling. Their overexpression are implicated in a variety of pathological states, including immunological diseases, bone mineralization, vascular calcification and cancer, and thus they represent an emerging drug targets. In order to design potent and selective inhibitors, new derivatives of 4-aminopyridine have been synthesized (10a-10m) and their structures were established on the basis of spectral data...
November 21, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194839/analysis-of-the-ectoenzymes-ada-alp-enpp1-and-enpp3-in-the-contents-of-ovarian-endometriomas-as-candidate-biomarkers-of-endometriosis
#20
Carla Trapero, Lluis Jover, Maria Eulàlia Fernández-Montolí, Amparo García-Tejedor, August Vidal, Inmaculada Gómez de Aranda, Jordi Ponce, Xavier Matias-Guiu, Mireia Martín-Satué
PROBLEM: The diagnosis of endometriosis, a prevalent chronic disease with a strong inflammatory component, is usually delayed due to the lack of noninvasive diagnostic tests. Purinergic signaling, a key cell pathway, is altered in many inflammatory disorders. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the levels of adenosine deaminase (ADA), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (ENPP1), and ENPP3, elements of purinergic signaling, as biomarker candidates for endometriosis...
November 30, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
keyword
keyword
108597
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"