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hospital ethnography

Marie L Campbell, Janet M Rankin
Institutional ethnography (IE) is used to examine transformations in a professional nurse's work associated with her engagement with a hospital's electronic health record (EHR) which is being updated to integrate professional caregiving and produce more efficient and effective health care. We review in the technical and scholarly literature the practices and promises of information technology and, especially of its applications in health care, finding useful the more critical and analytic perspectives. Among the latter, scholarship on the activities of economising is important to our inquiry into the actual activities that transform 'things' (in our case, nursing knowledge and action) into calculable information for objective and financially relevant decision-making...
October 10, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
Ingrid Jepsen, Edith Mark, Maralyn Foureur, Ellen A Nøhr, Erik E Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Caseload midwifery is expanding in Denmark. There is a need for elaborating in-depth, how caseload midwifery influences the partner and the woman during childbirth and how this model of care influences the early phases of labour. AIM: To follow, explore and elaborate women's and their partner's experiences of caseload midwifery. METHODS: Phenomenology of practice was the analytical approach. The methodology was inspired by ethnography, and applied methods were field observations followed by interviews...
September 21, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
Tirsa Colmenares-Roa, Gabriela Huerta-Sil, Claudia Infante-Castañeda, Leticia Lino-Pérez, Everardo Alvarez-Hernández, Ingris Peláez-Ballestas
The aim of this article was to describe and analyze the doctor-patient relationship between fibromyalgia patients and rheumatologists in public and private health care contexts within the Mexican health care system. This medical anthropological study drew on hospital ethnography and patients' illness narratives, as well as the experiences of rheumatologists from both types of health care services. The findings show how each type of medical care subsystem shape different relationships between patients and doctors...
October 2016: Qualitative Health Research
Andrea Petriwskyj, Deborah Parker, Siobhan O'Dwyer, Wendy Moyle, Nikki Nucifora
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated that family caregivers of people with dementia have higher rates of depression, anxiety and hopelessness, as well as higher levels of burden, stress and distress. Not all caregivers, however, succumb to the negative effects of caring. Caregivers who are able to recover from, resist or adapt to the physical and psychological demands of caring can be considered "resilient". OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to examine the existing evidence regarding interventions for building resilience in family caregivers of people living with dementia...
June 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Asahngwa Tanywe, Chelea Matchawe, Ritin Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a global public health problem affecting people of all ages, sex, races, nations and social class. The majority of the 50 million people with epilepsy live in developing countries, with a prevalence rate of five to 10 people per 1000. The disease poses an enormous psychological, social and economic burden on patients. An estimated 90% of people with epilepsy in developing countries do not receive treatment due to sociocultural, economic and political factors. Current treatment interventions are limited to the clinical management of the disease and are largely driven by the healthcare provider's perspective, ignoring the experiences of people living with epilepsy (PLWE)...
May 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Kylie Eddy, Zoe Jordan, Matthew Stephenson
BACKGROUND: Teamwork is seen as an important element of patient care in acute hospital settings. The complexity of the journey of care for patients highlights the need for health professionals to collaborate and communicate clearly with each other. Health organizations in western countries are committed to improving patient safety through education of staff and teamwork education programs have been integral to this focus. There are no current systematic reviews of the experience of health professionals who participate in teamwork education in acute hospital settings...
April 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Mohammad Taghi Iman, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Soghra Derakhshan
Doctor-patient interaction is a subject with ethical ramifications, besides being an important issue in medical sociology. The main goal of this critical study is to explore the interactional experience of hospital admitted patients. For this reason, the study, carried out in an educational hospital in southern Iran, entailed 156 recorded clinical consultations, 920 hours of participant observation, and six focus groups consisting of patients and their families. The research method used is Critical Ethnography, which was introduced by PF Carspecken...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
Elena Andina Díaz, José Siles González
OBJECTIVE: to describe how the progressive creation of the Social Security (providing widespread health care) affected the birth assistance in Spain from the 1940s to the 1970s in a rural area. METHOD: historical ethnography. Twenty-seven people who lived at that time were selected and interviewed guided by a semistructured script. Based on their testimonies, a chart was built with the functional elements involved in birth assistance in this region. RESULTS: three agents performed such care: traditional midwives, women of the family/neighbors and health workers...
2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Helton Saragor de Souza, Áquilas Nogueira Mendes
OBJECTIVE: To relate hospitals' organizational structure as the core of a web of outsourced services and flexible employment bonds among healthcare professionals in the context of finance capitalism, analyzing work arrangements based mainly on the type of employment bond. METHOD: Qualitative research through ethnography, interviews, data analysis, and case studies. The case studies were concentrated in 3 hospitals located in the São Paulo metropolitan region under different management types: public administration; outsourced administration via a healthcare social organization (HSO); and private administration...
April 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Cynthia L Hunter, Kaye Spence, Adam Scheinberg
Critical incidents (CIs) are the elements that bring about an alert or wake up call for clinicians in hospital wards. They are considered critical because the safety of patients, staff or visitors is at risk. Not all CIs result in dire consequences, nor do they require Root Cause Analysis (RCA). Nonetheless, incidents affect patients and involve clinicians' interactions with each other. This paper describes the complexities embedded in two CIs in a major paediatric hospital in Australia. An anthropological ethnographic research approach enabled the researcher to observe, document, interpret and make sense of the activities of clinicians in two different clinical areas of the hospital, i...
August 1, 2008: Anthropology & Medicine
Debbi Long, Cynthia Hunter, Sjaak van der Geest
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2008: Anthropology & Medicine
Abbas Heydari, Ali Vafaee-Najar, Mahmoud Bakhshi
BACKGROUND: Health care beliefs can have an effect on the efficiency and effectiveness of nursing practices. Nevertheless, how belief systems impact on the economic performance of intensive care unit (ICU) nurses is not known. This study aimed to explore the ICU nurses' beliefs and their effect on nurse's practices and behavior patterns regarding the health economics. METHODS: In this study, a focused ethnography method was used. Twenty-four informants from ICU nurses and other professional individuals were purposively selected and interviewed...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Craig M Dale, Jan E Angus, Tasnim Sinuff, Louise Rose
BACKGROUND: Oral care plays a clear and important role in the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia. However, few studies have explored the actual work of oral care by nurses in the intensive care unit. OBJECTIVE: To explore intensive care nurses' knowledge of and experiences with the delivery of oral care to reveal less visible aspects of this work. METHODS: In an institutional ethnography, go-along and semistructured interview methods were used to explore the oral care practices and perspectives of 12 bedside nurses and 12 interprofessional (intensivist, allied health, and management) participants in an intensive care unit at a large urban teaching hospital in Ontario, Canada...
May 2016: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
Ingrid Jepsen, Edith Mark, Ellen Aagaard Nøhr, Maralyn Foureur, Erik Elgaard Sørensen
OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study is to advance knowledge about the working and living conditions of midwives in caseload midwifery and how this model of care is embedded in a standard maternity unit. This led to two research questions: 1) What constitutes caseload midwifery from the perspectives of the midwives? 2) How do midwives experience working in caseload midwifery? DESIGN AND SETTING: phenomenology of practice was the analytical approach to this qualitative study of caseload midwifery in Northern Denmark...
May 2016: Midwifery
Alison Macdonald
Despite substantial strides to improve cancer control in India, challenges to deliver oncology services persist. One major challenge is the provision and accessibility of adequate infrastructure. This paper offers ethnographic insight on the conceptual and material conditions that are currently shaping the delivery of oncology in Mumbai, focusing specifically on the way India's socio-economic context necessitates non-biomedical acts of voluntarism or 'seva' (selfless service). Developing the premise that hospitals are not identical clones of a biomedical model, detailed attention is paid to the way 'care' emerges through 'praxis of place' (Casey, 2003) within the cancer hospital as a multi-scalar 'heterotopic' (Street and Coleman, 2012) site...
May 2016: Health & Place
Bernhard M Gaede
INTRODUCTION: In the perspectives of implementation of policy, the top-down and bottom-up perspectives of policy-making dominate the discourse. However, service delivery and therefore the experience of the policy by the citizen ultimately depend on the civil servant at the front line to implement the policy. Lipsky named this street-level bureaucracy, which has been used to understand professionals working in the public sector throughout the world. The public sector in South Africa has undergone a number of changes in the transition to a democratic state, post 1994...
January 2016: Rural and Remote Health
Effie Papargyropoulou, Nigel Wright, Rodrigo Lozano, Julia Steinberger, Rory Padfield, Zaini Ujang
Food waste has significant detrimental economic, environmental and social impacts. The magnitude and complexity of the global food waste problem has brought it to the forefront of the environmental agenda; however, there has been little research on the patterns and drivers of food waste generation, especially outside the household. This is partially due to weaknesses in the methodological approaches used to understand such a complex problem. This paper proposes a novel conceptual framework to identify and explain the patterns and drivers of food waste generation in the hospitality sector, with the aim of identifying food waste prevention measures...
March 2016: Waste Management
Aileen Collier, Ros Sorensen, Rick Iedema
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate patients' and families' perspectives of safety and quality in the setting of a life-limiting illness. DESIGN: Data reported here were generated from a qualitative study using video-reflexive ethnographic methodology. Data were collected over 18 months and generated through participant observation, shadowing of clinicians, field-interviews and semi-structured interviews with patients and families. SETTING: The study was conducted at two hospital sites in Sydney, Australia and in patients' homes...
February 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Jessie Johnson, Gilly Smith, Anne Wilkinson
This study explored the culture of one interdisciplinary rehabilitation team in British Columbia (BC), Canada, to identify the specific client, clinical, and family factors considered by team members when determining post-hospital discharge placement. The study took the form of an ethnography of a health care team on a stroke unit of a Canadian hospital using observations of the interdisciplinary rehabilitation team meetings and follow-up interviews with team members. The findings from the study indicate post-hospital discharge destination decisions were influenced by specific social, economic, and policy factors; specific types of interactions among members of the team; and the condition of stroke survivors, and the ability and willingness of the patient's family to contribute to home care...
2015: Canadian Journal of Neuroscience Nursing
Hans-Peter de Ruiter, Joan Liaschenko, Jan Angus
One of the most significant changes in modern healthcare delivery has been the evolution of the paper record to the electronic health record (EHR). In this paper we argue that the primary change has been a shift in the focus of documentation from monitoring individual patient progress to recording data pertinent to Institutional Priorities (IPs). The specific IPs to which we refer include: finance/reimbursement; risk management/legal considerations; quality improvement/safety initiatives; meeting regulatory and accreditation standards; and patient care delivery/evidence based practice...
January 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
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