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hospital ethnography

Karen Parsons, Alice Gaudine, Michelle Swab
BACKGROUND: Most developed countries throughout the world are experiencing an aging nursing workforce as their population ages. Older nurses often experience different challenges then their younger nurse counterparts. With the increase in older nurses relative to younger nurses potentially available to work in hospitals, it is important to understand the experience of older nurses on high paced hospital nursing units. This understanding will lend knowledge to ways of lessening the loss of these highly skilled experienced workers and improve patient outcomes...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Isabel M Leal, Lillian S Kao, Burzeen Karanjawala, Richard J Escamilla, Tien C Ko, Stefanos G Millas
BACKGROUND: Greater understanding of barriers to screening of colorectal cancer among lower socioeconomic, particularly Hispanic, patients is needed to improve disparities in care. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore patients' perceptions and experiences of care seeking for colorectal cancer to identify barriers to early diagnosis and treatment. DESIGN: This explorative qualitative study was conducted as a focused ethnography of patients diagnosed with advanced-stage colorectal cancer...
April 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Sara Fokdal Lehn, Jette Thuesen, Gitte Bunkenborg, Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Morten Hulvej Rod
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies emphasize the importance of context in implementation. Successful implementation across the health care system depends on conditions and requirements that are often presented to health professionals through text-based materials and might present contradictory expectations to the work of health professionals. In this study, we operationalize institutional context as the text-based material, which from the perspective of health professionals, influence health care work...
March 1, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
Katherine Carroll, Jessica Mesman
Hospital-based video-reflexive ethnography (VRE) is a collaborative visual methodology used by researchers and/or health professionals to understand, interpret, and optimize health professionals' work practices and patients' experiences. For more than a decade, the VRE methodology has spread throughout (research) institutions and hospitals internationally, and VRE has evolved and broadened. Different ways of doing VRE have implications for the role of the researcher. A thorough examination of the consequences for the researcher's position is the central focus of this article...
February 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Susan E Bell
This article is part of a hospital ethnography that investigates healthcare architecture as an aspect of an increasingly large, complex, and urgent global health issue: caring for refugees and other immigrants. It argues that hospitals are nodes in transnational social networks of immigrant and refugee patients that form assemblages of human and non-human objects. These assemblages co-produce place-specific hospital care in different hospital spaces. Place-specific tensions and power dynamics arise when refugees and immigrants come into contact with these biomedical spaces...
February 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
Marjorie Montreuil, Catherine Thibeault, Linda McHarg, Franco A Carnevale
The experiences of children related to conflict and crisis management in child mental health settings, especially those aged 12 and below, have been rarely studied. This study examined the moral experiences of children related to conflict and crisis management and the related use of restraint and seclusion in a child mental health setting. A 5-month focused ethnography using a participatory hermeneutic framework was conducted in a day hospital programme for children with severe disruptive disorders within a mental health institute...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Andrés Góngora
This article describes some significant events of the fifteen years of struggle (1999-2014) of a group of women for the reactivation of the San Juan de Dios Hospital and to stay on as workers after the neoliberal reforms in Colombia. The ethnography presented proposes tools for the understanding of the moral dimensions forged from a conflict for the recognition of rights and shows that the hospital, more than being an architectural complex, is a language activated by the workers to affirm their humanity, a vehicle for the symbolic elaboration of a cause and a means to understand the construction of collectives based on emotional terminology...
October 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
Joel Christian Reed
Over the past decade, health systems strengthening (HSS) has become a global health imperative. As an answer to the influence of large-scale initiatives and NGOs, HSS represents a backlash against disease-specific projects and funding. Depicted as a positive evolution, HSS advertises local autonomy, and a turn away from donor-driven agendas. Central to this shift was the hope that 'vertical' funding, especially for HIV/AIDS, could be better used to build up the 'crumbling core' of health infrastructure in sub-Saharan Africa...
February 7, 2018: Global Public Health
Karen MacKinnon, Diane L Butcher, Anne Bruce
Work relationships between registered nurses (RNs) and practical nurses (LPNs) are changing as new models of nursing care delivery are introduced to create more flexibility for employers. In Canada, a team-based, hospital nursing care delivery model, known as Care Delivery Model Redesign (CDMR), redesigned a predominantly RN-based staffing model to a functional team consisting of fewer RNs and more LPNs. The scope of practice for LPNs was expanded, and unregulated health care assistants introduced. This study began from the standpoint of RNs and LPNs to understand their experiences working on redesigned teams by focusing on discourses activated in social settings...
January 2018: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
Bridget Laging, Amanda Kenny, Michael Bauer, Rhonda Nay
AIM: To explore the recognition and assessment of resident deterioration in the nursing home setting. BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of research exploring how nurses and personal-care-assistants manage a deteriorating nursing home resident. DESIGN: Critical ethnography. METHODS: Observation and semi-structured interviews with 66 participants (residents, family, nurses, personal-care-assistants and general practitioners) in two Australian nursing homes...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Joanna Taylor, Claudia Pagliari
BACKGROUND: Understanding physical and psycho-social illness trajectories towards the end of life can help in the planning of palliative and supportive care. With terminal patients increasingly seeking and sharing health information and support via social media, it is timely to examine whether these trajectories are reflected in their digital narratives. In this exploratory study, we analysed the Twitter feed of prominent cancer sufferer and physician, Kate Granger, over the final 6 months of her life...
January 22, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
María Guadalupe García, María Laura Recoder, Susana Margulies
This paper presents the results of an ethnographic study of an obstetric center within a hospital of Greater Buenos Aires and an analysis of the spatio-temporal dimension of hospital care. The fieldwork, carried out between 2007 and 2011, followed the everyday dynamics of the hospital and included observation in the obstetrics unit (waiting areas, the obstetric center where births and emergencies receive care, and the ambulatory care, ultrasound, and hospitalization rooms, among others) as well as spaces such as the appointments and statistics offices, the office of social services, the central hall, the pharmacy, and hallway waiting areas...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
Joseph Hopkins, Haley Hedlin, Ann Weinacker, Manisha Desai
PURPOSE: Physician disrespectful behavior affects quality of care, patient safety, and collaborative clinical team function. Evidence defining the demographics, ethnography, and epidemiology of disrespectful behavior is lacking. METHOD: The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of reports of disrespectful physician behavior at Stanford Hospital and Clinics from March 2011 through February 2015. Events were stratified by role, gender, specialty, and location in the hospital or clinics where the event occurred...
January 9, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Jessica E Morgan, Jemma Cleminson, Lesley A Stewart, Robert S Phillips, Karl Atkin
PURPOSE (STATING THE MAIN PURPOSES AND RESEARCH QUESTION): Many children have no significant sequelae of febrile neutropenia. A systematic review of clinical studies demonstrated patients at low risk of septic complications can be safely treated as outpatients using oral antibiotics with low rates of treatment failure. Introducing earlier discharge may improve quality of life, reduce hospital acquired infection and reduce healthcare service pressures. However, the review raised concerns that this might not be acceptable to patients, families and healthcare professionals...
December 29, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Olive Fast, Janet Rankin
In this paper, we examine the practicalities of nurse managers' work. We expose how managers' commitments to transformational leadership are undermined by the rationing practices and informatics of hospital reform underpinned by the ideas of new public management. Using institutional ethnography, we gathered data in a Canadian hospital. We began by interviewing and observing frontline leaders, nurse managers, and expanded our inquiry to include interviews with other nurses, staffing clerks, and administrators whose work intersected with that of nurse managers...
December 25, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
Christa Aubrey, Zubia Mumtaz, Patrick Patterson, Radha Chari, B F Peter Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to gain an understanding of the importance and effect of provider gender for immigrant women accessing obstetrical care. METHODS: A focused ethnography was conducted using purposive sampling of 38 immigrant women from one hospital in Edmonton, Alberta. Data collection consisted of semistructured interviews conducted antenatally (n = 38); an attempt was made to conduct interviews postpartum (n = 21), and intrapartum observations were made (n = 17)...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Natasha Kate Hardicre, Yvonne Birks, Jenni Murray, Laura Sheard, Lesley Hughes, Jane Heyhoe, Alison Cracknell, Rebecca Lawton
INTRODUCTION: Length of hospital inpatient stays have reduced. This benefits patients, who prefer to be at home, and hospitals, which can treat more people when stays are shorter. Patients may, however, leave hospital sicker, with ongoing care needs. The transition period from hospital to home can be risky, particularly for older patients with complex health and social needs. Improving patient experience, especially through greater patient involvement, may improve outcomes for patients and is a key indicator of care quality and safety...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
María Y Pinilla, César E Abadía
In this article, we narrate and analyze the historical configuration that a group of female workers and a collective of social organizations made about the Hospital San Juan de Dios (HSJD) and Instituto Materno Infantil (IMI) in Bogotá, Colombia, within the neoliberal crisis in health. Our ethnographic research intersects the Latinamerican traditions of collaborative ethnography and historic anthropology. The research was conducted in two sites. In the first one, from 2005 until 2015, we had informal conversations and conducted workshops and semi-structured interviews with IMI workers...
April 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
Josiane Létourneau, Marie Alderson, Annette Leibing
BACKGROUND: Although it is well known that hand hygiene is the most effective measure to prevent health care-associated infections, hand hygiene adherence is low in Quebec, as it is elsewhere. For this study, an innovative framework was used to explore the clinical practice of nurses regarding hand hygiene and the factors that influence it: positive deviance, or the idea that there are people who find better solutions to problems than their peers. This study investigated positive deviance at the level of the care team to shed light on group dynamics...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
Janaína de Souza Aredes, Josélia Oliveira Araújo Firmo, Annette Leibing, Karla Cristina Giacomin
: Ethnography is the principal research method in Anthropology. With a broad scope, it allows using different data collection techniques and incorporates elements observed and obtained in the field into the analysis. In Public Health, it can contribute to understanding the health/disease process and health professionals' and patients' values and attitudes in different healthcare settings. The aim of this article is to present and discuss the ethnographic method based on an empirical study of physicians' hospital work in the face of the limits between life and death...
September 28, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
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