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Jaw Cyst

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105241/primary-intraosseous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-mandible-arising-from-an-infected-odontogenic-cyst-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Koenraad Grisar, Matthias Schol, Esther Hauben, Joseph Schoenaers, Constantinus Politis
Primary intraosseous squamous cell carcinoma (PIOSCC) derived from a odontogenic cyst is a rare form of odontogenic carcinoma. The incidence of carcinomas arising from odontogenic cysts is particularly uncommon and is reported to occur in 1-2 individuals for every 1,000 cases. The present case describes a 25-year-old man who was initially diagnosed with a chronically infected odontogenic cyst of the mandible. Biopsy and subsequent histology revealed the presence of squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, neck dissection and hemimandibulectomy were performed...
December 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094215/effect-of-decompression-for-patients-with-various-jaw-cysts-based-on-a-three-dimensional-computed-tomography-analysis
#2
Ho-Gul Jeong, Jae Joon Hwang, Sung Hwa Lee, Woong Nam
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of decompression according to reduction parameters by measuring cystic volume changes using computed tomography (CT). STUDY DESIGN: We chose patients who had undergone decompression for a cystic lesion of the jaw at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery in our dental hospital between 2006 and 2015. All patients had been examined by CT before and after decompression. We measured the volume of cystic lesions using the threshold method and evaluated the volumetric changes after decompression according to various parameters...
December 7, 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060370/diagnosing-the-most-common-odontogenic-cystic-and-osseous-lesions-of-the-jaws-for-the-practicing-pathologist
#3
Robert A Robinson
Odontogenic cysts and osseous lesions are often seen as challenging diagnostic lesions but the majority of them are easily classified. This article outlines the diagnostic features required for separating the most common of odontogenic cysts and select osseous lesions of the jaws. Clinical and radiographic findings of these jaw lesions often lead to a differential diagnosis that only the histologic findings will clarify. Dentigerous cyst, keratocystic odontogenic tumor, and certain ameloblastomas that have cystic change, may have identical radiographic findings, with only separation by their specific histologic features leading to the significantly different treatments required for each...
January 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057402/consultation-with-a-specialized-pain-clinic-reduces-pain-after-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#4
Eva-Maria Dietrich, Norbert Griessinger, Friedrich Wilhelm Neukam, Tilo Schlittenbauer
PURPOSE: Postoperative pain management is important for improved patient care. Our primary objective was to investigate the effect of analgesic treatment adaptation by the pain clinic on postoperative pain relief at an oral and maxillofacial surgery department. Additionally, we aimed to present patients' pain characteristics and the administered analgesic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 128 patients treated at our clinic in the period 2012-2015 who required analgesic treatment adaptation by our pain clinic were included...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035305/gardner-syndrome-associated-with-multiple-osteomas-intestinal-polyposis-and-epidermoid-cysts
#5
Kwang-Joon Koh, Ha-Na Park, Kyoung-A Kim
Gardner syndrome is known as a variant of familial adenomatous polyposis. This syndrome is characterized by multiple intestinal polyposes, osteomas, and epidermoid cysts. In addition, dental abnormalities include an increased frequency of multiple odontomas, as well as supernumerary and impacted teeth. The authors report the case of a 7-year-old male patient with Gardner syndrome. Radiographic findings revealed multiple osteomas in both sides of the maxilla, multiple diffuse enostoses in both jaws, and a complex odontoma in the left mandibular body...
December 2016: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994430/nonsurgical-endodontic-therapy-along-with-minimal-invasive-treatment-utilizing-bhasker-s-hypothesis-for-the-management-of-infected-radicular-cystic-lesion-a-rare-case-report
#6
Sanjeev Kumar Salaria, Shilpa Kamra, Simrat Kaur Ghuman, Garima Sharma
Radicular cyst (RC) is the most common odontogenic cyst of inflammatory origin affecting the jaws; involves the roots of the carious or traumatic non-vital tooth. Different therapeutic modalities, such as nonsurgical endodontic therapy or surgical enucleation with primary closure, decompression etc., were proposed for the management of such lesions. Presenting a case of a 28-year-old otherwise healthy male patient who reported with pain and swelling with respect to tooth #41, 31. Diagnosis of infected RC at a rare location was established on the basis of clinical, radiographical and fine needle aspiration cytological examination...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992735/morphological-classification-of-odontogenic-keratocysts-using-bouligand-minkowski-fractal-descriptors
#7
Joao B Florindo, Odemir M Bruno, Gabriel Landini
The Odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) is a cystic lesion of the jaws, which has high growth and recurrence rates compared to other cysts of the jaws (for instance, radicular cyst, which is the most common jaw cyst type). For this reason OKCs are considered by some to be benign neoplasms. There exist two sub-types of OKCs (sporadic and syndromic) and the ability to discriminate between these sub-types, as well as other jaw cysts, is an important task in terms of disease diagnosis and prognosis. With the development of digital pathology, computational algorithms have become central to addressing this type of problem...
December 8, 2016: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974978/palatal-swelling-a-diagnostic-enigma
#8
Ramalingam Suganya, Narasimhan Malathi, Harikrishnan Thamizhchelvan, Subramaniam Ramkumar, G V V Giri
Giant cell tumor (GCT) of bone is a giant-cell-rich bony lesion associated with abundant multinucleated osteoclast-type giant cells. It is a primary neoplasm of bone with characteristic clinical, radiological, and pathological features. It is an expansive and lytic lesion without periosteal reaction and prominent peripheral sclerosis. Giant cells are also seen in other diseases like giant cell granuloma of the jaws, traumatic bone cyst, aneurysmal bone cyst, and jaw tumor of hyperparathyroidism. We present a unique case of GCT of palate in a 30-year-old female...
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974959/a-10-year-retrospective-analysis-of-64-cases-of-cystic-lesions-of-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-region-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-hospital
#9
Benjamin Fomete, Otasowie Daniel Osunde, Joseph Ogbeifun, Rowland Agbara, Charles Ndubissi Ononiwu
OBJECTIVES: Orofacial cysts are broadly divided into odontogenic and nonodontogenic types, epithelial or non-epithelial, and developmental or inflammatory in origin. The odontogenic cyst is an osseous-destructive lesion that most commonly affects the jaw. It is formed by activation of odontogenic cell rests entrapped within the bone or gingival tissue of the jaws, such as the epithelial remains of Malassez, the dental lamina (cell rests of Serres), or the enamel organ. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of all histologically diagnosed cysts of the orofacial region seen at the Maxillofacial clinic of the Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria, between January 2003 and December 2012...
November 2016: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918745/simple-and-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-aspects-of-jaw-pseudocysts-based-on-an-experience-of-brazilian-pathology-service-during-53-years
#10
I-L Flores, M-E Hamilton, EdeF Zanchin-Baldissera, A-C Uchoa-Vasconcelos, S-B Chaves-Tarquinio, A-P Neutzling-Gomes
BACKGROUND: Jaw pseudocysts are benign osseous lesions of unclear etiology. Among these, the simple bone cyst (SBC) and aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) are intriguing bone pathologies still rarely studied together. This retrospective study aimed to present the long-term case series of patients with jaw pseudocysts focusing on the clinical, radiographic, and transoperative aspects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective case series of patients with SBC and ABC was performed...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882603/establishment-and-characterization-of-a-cell-population-derived-from-a-dentigerous-cyst
#11
Marcos A Muñiz-Lino, Mariana Rodríguez-Vázquez, Bibiana Chávez-Munguía, Josué Z Ortiz-García, Lorena González-López, Fidel C Hernández-Hernández, Carlos Licéaga-Escalera, Alejandro García-Muñoz, Mario A Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Dentigerous cyst occurs in approximately 20% of jaw cysts, being the second major common odontogenic cyst, after radicular cyst. This oral lesion has the ability to destroy maxillary bones and could be the origin of several odontogenic tumors. However, molecules implicated in its pathogenesis as well as those involved in its neoplastic transformation remain unknown. Here, we established a cell population derived from a dentigerous cyst as an in vitro model for the study of this oral lesion...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857042/odontogenic-keratocysts-in-the-basal-cell-nevus-gorlin-goltz-syndrome-associated-with-paresthesia-of-the-lower-jaw-case-report-retrospective-analysis-of-a-representative-czech-cohort-and-recommendations-for-the-early-diagnosis
#12
Milan Hubacek, Tereza Kripnerova, Michaela Nemcikova, Anna Krepelová, Alena Puchmajerova, Marcela Malikova, Markéta Havlovicová, Jana Cadova, Roman Kodet, Milan Macek, Tatjana Dostalova
OBJECTIVES: Identification of early presenting signs of the Basal Cell Nevus (BCNS; synonyme Gorlin-Goltz) syndrome, which is associated with a principal triad of multiple basal cell nevi, jaw odontogenic keratocysts, and skeletal anomalies, in stomatological and neurological practices. Proposal of multidisciplinary diagnostic algorithm comprising other medical specialists, including pathology, imaging, laboratory and molecular analyses based on the study outcomes. DESIGN: Case report of a male patient reporting paresthesia of their lower jaw, with right facial asymmetry (maxilla and mandible) and radiological detection of large osteolytic lesions in both jaws, including a retrospective analysis of a representative Czech cohort with BCNS from within the last decade...
September 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843260/gorlin-goltz-syndrome-a-rare-case-report-of-a-11-year-old-child
#13
Sandeep Tandon, Yashwant Chauhan, Meenakshi Sharma, Manish Jain
: Gorlin-Goltz Syndrome, also known as nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS), is an autosomal dominant trait caused due to mutations in the patched tumor suppressor gene (PTCH) gene found on the long arm of chromosome 9. The syndrome is characterized by the presence of odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs), basal cell carcinomas, and skeletal malformations. Early diagnosis of the syndrome can be done by pedodontist as OKC is one of the early manifestations of the syndrome. Early diagnosis and treatment is important for long-term prognosis of the syndrome by reducing the severity of cutaneous carcinomas and deformities due to jaw cyst...
July 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800193/bimaxillary-aneurismal-bone-cyst-in-patient-with-end-stage-renal-disease-and-hyperparathyroidism-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Sedigheh Bakhtiari, Mahin Bakhshi, Fatemeh Mashhadiabbas, Hasan Mir Mohammad Sadeghi, Zahra Elmi Rankohi, Somayeh Rahmani
Aneurismal bone cyst (ABC) is a rare bony lesion occurring predominantly in long bones. Its jaws' involvement is uncommon and the simultaneous involvement of both jaws is very rare. This report is about a 27-year-old female experiencing renal failure with ABC involving her maxilla and mandible. The progressive lesion was treated surgically and there was no recurrence after 18 months of follow-up.
2016: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799973/the-oral-pathology-related-articles-published-in-iranian-journal-of-pathology-from-2006-to-2015
#15
Thorakkal Shamim
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of information about the oral pathology related articles published in a pathology journal. This study aimed to audit the oral pathology related articles published in Iranian Journal of Pathology (Iran J Pathol) from 2006 to 2015. METHODS: Bibliometric analysis of issues of Iran J Pathol from 2006 to 2015 was performed using web-based search. The articles published were analyzed for type of article and individual topic of oral pathology...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756334/maxillary-unicystic-ameloblastoma-a-case-report
#16
Zana Agani, Vjosa Hamiti-Krasniqi, Jehona Recica, Mergime Prekazi Loxha, Fisnik Kurshumliu, Aida Rexhepi
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma is a benign epithelial odontogenic tumor. It is often aggressive and destructive, with the capacity to attain great size, erode bone and invade adjacent structures. Unicystic ameloblastoma is a rare odontogenic lesion, with clinical, radiographic and gross features of jaw cysts. The lesion histologically shows typical ameloblastomatous epithelium lining part of the cyst cavity with or without and/or mural tumor growth. Unicystic ameloblastoma usually presents in posterior mandibular ramus region, while it is rare and atypical in posterior maxillary region...
October 18, 2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738612/ectopic-ciliated-cyst-in-the-mandible-secondary-to-genioplasty-and-lefort-after-two-years-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Safoura Seifi, Shabnam Sohanian, Oveis Khakbaz, Farida Abesi, Fatemeh Aliakbarpour, Arezoo Rayani
INTRODUCTION: The ectopic ciliated cyst is a rare non-odontogenic cyst which occurs as a delayed complication after maxillary sinus radical surgery; this lesion emerges due to the destruction of the sinus mucosa during the surgery and entrapment of the respiratory epithelium in the region. This lesion has been observed in very rare cases following genioplasty and bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. CASE REPORT: We reported a case of the ectopic ciliated cyst in in the mandible of a 37-year-old Iranian woman following genioplasty and Lefort 1 surgery after 2 years...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721628/epidermoid-cyst-report-of-two-cases
#18
Surekha R Puranik, Rudrayya S Puranik, Satya Prakash, M Bimba
Epidermoid cysts (ECs) are uncommon, benign cystic lesions derived from the entrapment of surface epithelium or more often from the aberrant healing of infundibular epithelium during an episode of follicular inflammation. ECs occur anywhere on the body, particularly along embryonic fusion lines, most commonly on the face, scalp, neck, chest and upper back. Head and neck ECs constitute only about 7%, whereas only 1.6% of ECs are reported in the oral cavity. They comprise <0.01% of all the oral cysts. Floor of the mouth, tongue, lips, palate, jaws, etc...
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679651/recurrence-of-hyperparathyroid-hypercalcemia-in-a-patient-with-the-hrpt-2-mutation-and-a-previous-parathyroid-carcinoma-in-hyperparathyroidism-jaw-tumor-syndrome
#19
Marco Mele, Lars Rolighed, MarieLouise Jespersen, Lars Rejnmark, Peer Christiansen
INTRODUCTION: Cancer in the parathyroid gland is rare, but parathyroid cancer is occasionally seen in relation to genetic abnormalities. Due to a limited amount of evidence, the optimal handling of these cases is not clear. Furthermore, the presence of a malignant parathyroid tumor is rarely known at the time of the initial operation; therefore, re-operations are often necessary. The aim of this study was to present the case of a patient with a previously diagnosed jaw tumor and parathyroid carcinoma that presents as a recurrence of hyperparathyroid hypercalcemia...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672610/jaw-lesions-associated-with-impacted-tooth-a-radiographic-diagnostic-guide
#20
REVIEW
Hamed Mortazavi, Maryam Baharvand
This review article aimed to introduce a category of jaw lesions associated with impacted tooth. General search engines and specialized databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, PubMed Central, MedLine Plus, Science Direct, Scopus, and well-recognized textbooks were used to find relevant studies using keywords such as "jaw lesion", "jaw disease", "impacted tooth", and "unerupted tooth". More than 250 articles were found, of which approximately 80 were broadly relevant to the topic. We ultimately included 47 articles that were closely related to the topic of interest...
September 2016: Imaging Science in Dentistry
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