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Jaw Cyst

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931192/markers-of-proliferation-and-cytokeratins-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-jaw-cysts
#1
Nikola D Živković, Dragan S Mihailović, Miloš S Kostić, Ana S Cvetanović, Žaklina Ž Mijović, Maja V Milentijević, Tijana V Denčić
We conducted a retrospective study to analyze the histologic and immunohistochemical findings in three main types of odontogenic cyst. We studied 90 archived cystic jaw lesions: 30 dentigerous cysts, 30 keratocystic odontogenic tumors, and 30 radicular cysts. The cyst types were identified on the basis of clinical, radiologic, and histopathologic findings. Immunohistochemical analyses included staining with Ki-67, p53, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), cytokeratin (CK) 8, CK14, CK17, and CK18. Cell immunopositivity was evaluated for the entire epithelium...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877358/utility-of-transfacial-dental-ultrasonography-in-evaluation-of-cystic-jaw-lesions
#2
Khaled Gad, Mohamed Ellabban, James Sciubba
OBJECTIVES: Plain radiography has been widely used in dentistry. Because of the variability of the quality of equipment, radiographic technique, accuracy of interpretation, and radiation risk to the patients, the field is ripe for the introduction of other newer diagnostic modalities. In this report, we demonstrate the utility of ultrasonography in the diagnostic workup of cystic or cystlike lesions of the jaw. METHODS: We used a transfacial ultrasonographic scanning approach to examine 32 patients with clinical or radiographic presentation of a jaw cyst...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865507/-gorlin-goltz-syndrome-diagnosis-and-treatment-options
#3
João Mendes-Abreu, Miguel Pinto-Gouveia, Cátia Tavares-Ferreira, Ana Brinca, Ricardo Vieira
The Gorlin-Goltz syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant hereditary condition, with complete penetrance and variable expressivity. Characterized by the appearance of multiple basaliomas, and often the development of keratocyst, it can also express itself by the presence of palmar/plantar depressions, calcification of brain sickle, and skeletal birth defects, although less frequently. This article presents two cases involving direct relatives, referred after the identification of several basaliomas and jaw cysts...
May 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809378/reduction-rate-by-decompression-as-a-treatment-of-odontogenic-cysts
#4
L Oliveros-Lopez, A Fernandez-Olavarria, D Torres-Lagares, M-A Serrera-Figallo, R Castillo-Oyagüe, J-J Segura-Egea, J-L Gutierrez-Perez
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic cysts are defined as those cysts that arise from odontogenic epithelium and occur in the tooth-bearing regions of the jaws. Cystectomy, marsupialization or decompression of odontogenic cyst are treatment approach to this pathology. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the decompression as the primary treatment of the cystic lesions of the jaws and them reduction rates involving different factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 23 patients with odontogenic cysts of the jaws, previously diagnosed by anatomical histopathology (follicular cysts (7) and radicular cysts (16)) underwent decompression as an initial treatment...
September 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791984/odontogenic-and-nonodontogenic-cysts-an-analysis-of-526-cases-in-turkey
#5
A Kilinc, B Gundogdu, N Saruhan, E Yalcin, U Ertas, G Urvasizoglu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the age, gender, and sites of different types of odontogenic cysts (OCs) and non-OCs (nOCs) (seen in eastern Anatolian population in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The following data were collected from the clinical records and histopathology reports of the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and the Department of Oral Pathology, Ataturk University, Turkey, during a period of 10 years. They were analyzed descriptively in terms of incidence, age, sex, cyst type, and site...
July 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674741/new-tumour-entities-in-the-4th-edition-of-the-world-health-organization-classification-of-head-and-neck-tumours-odontogenic-and-maxillofacial-bone-tumours
#6
REVIEW
Paul M Speight, Takashi Takata
The latest (4th) edition of the World Health Organization Classification of Head and Neck tumours has recently been published with a number of significant changes across all tumour sites. In particular, there has been a major attempt to simplify classifications and to use defining criteria which can be used globally in all situations, avoiding wherever possible the use of complex molecular techniques which may not be affordable or widely available. This review summarises the changes in Chapter 8: Odontogenic and maxillofacial bone lesions...
July 3, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666498/stafne-bone-cavity-complicated-by-periapical-infection
#7
Fethi Atil, Mehmet Zahit Adisen, Melda Misirlioglu, Berkay Tolga Suer
Stafne bone cavity (SBC) is an uncommon lesion of the mandible; and generally found incidentally on routine radiographic examinations. The radiographic differential diagnosis of SBC includes a variety of lesions including odontogenic cysts, benign tumors, or bone metastases. In the present case, a 22-year female patient was admitted with chief complaint of pain in the right mandibular molar area. On panoramic radiographic examination, a non-specific large radiolucent lesion related to mandibular molar teeth was detected and extra-oral surgical intervention was planned...
November 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610931/can-cyst-volume-be-used-to-stratify-risk-of-complications-following-cyst-defect-reconstruction-with-iliac-crest-graft
#8
Ali-Farid Safi, Andrea Grandoch, Timo Dreiseidler, Hans-Joachim Nickenig, Joachim Zöller, Matthias Kreppel
INTRODUCTION: The role of the volume of radicular and dentigerous cysts on clinical symptoms is unclear and potentially may predict development of pre- and postoperative complications, especially after cystectomies with large bony defects. Therefore the aim of this study was to assess pre- and postoperative symptoms associated to the volume of jaw cysts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 111 patients with follicular or dentigerous cysts from 2008-2012...
August 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602260/cystic-lesions-of-the-jaws-a-retrospective-clinicopathologic-study-of-2030-cases
#9
Lorenzo Lo Muzio, Marco Mascitti, Andrea Santarelli, Corrado Rubini, Fabrizio Bambini, Maurizio Procaccini, Dario Bertossi, Massimo Albanese, Vincenzo Bondì, Pier Francesco Nocini
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to perform an epidemiologic analysis of cases of jaw cysts treated from 1973 to 2012 at the Dentistry and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of the Verona Hospital, Italy, and to compare the data obtained with those published in the literature. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective survey of 2030 patients treated for jaw cysts from 1973 to 2012 was performed. The lesions were classified according to the 2005 World Health Organization histologic classification, and the following variables were analyzed: age, gender, histopathologic diagnosis, and site of onset...
April 19, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596197/first-evidence-of-genotype-phenotype-correlations-in-gorlin-syndrome
#10
D Gareth Evans, Deemesh Oudit, Miriam J Smith, David Rutkowski, Ernest Allan, William G Newman, John T Lear
BACKGROUND: Gorlin syndrome (GS) is an autosomal dominant syndrome characterised by multiple basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) and an increased risk of jaw cysts and early childhood medulloblastoma. Heterozygous germline variants in PTCH1 and SUFU encoding components of the Sonic hedgehog pathway explain the majority of cases. Here, we aimed to delineate genotype-phenotype correlations in GS. METHODS: We assessed genetic and phenotypic data for 182 individuals meeting the diagnostic criteria for GS (median age: 47...
August 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538076/regeneration-of-cystic-bone-cavities-and-bone-defects-with-bioactive-glass-s53p4-in-the-upper-and-lower-jaws
#11
Patricia Stoor, Satu Apajalahti, Risto Kontio
Cysts and tumors are common lesions in the jaws. To be able to retain a good volume of the alveolar ridge during healing as well as strengthening the angle and body of the mandible and provide an instant improved support for adjacent teeth, reliable long-term bone regeneration is needed. The purpose of this prospective study was to promote bone regeneration by filling bony defects in the upper or lower jaw with granules of the bioactive glass S53P4 (BAG), which have osteostimulative and antimicrobial properties...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480084/concomitant-central-giant-cell-granuloma-and-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-in-a-young-child
#12
Deepika Pai, Abhay Taranath Kamath, Adarsh Kudva, Monica Monica Charlotte Solomon, Saurabh Kumar, Prem Sasikumar
Although Central Giant Cell Granuloma (CGCG) is a benign tumor of the jaw and aneurysmal bone cyst seen in children, its aggressive behavior causes extensive loss of hard tissue requiring wide excision and extensive rehabilitation. We report a rare case of concomitant CGCG and aneurysmal bone cyst in a two-year-old male child, involving the coronoid and condylar process. Young age, large tumor, its aggressive nature, and future growth of orofacial region pose a significant challenge in the management of such conditions...
2017: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479716/primary-intraosseous-odontogenic-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-mandible
#13
Paolo Cariati, Ana Belén Marin Fernandez, Miguel Perez de Perceval Tara, Jose Fernandez Solis, Ildefonso Martinez Lara
Primary intraosseous odontogenic squamous cell carcinoma (PIOSCC) is a rare tumor. The incidence is low, and approximately 200 cases are reported in literature. The etiology is associated with the malignant degeneration of embryological remains. Differential diagnosis includes alveolar carcinomas, jaw metastases from other locations, odontogenic tumors, and tumors of the maxillary sinus. However, the diagnosis could be delayed due to the absence of symptoms in early stages. Surgery represents the first choice treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469818/prevalence-and-distribution-of-odontogenic-cysts-in-a-mexican-sample-a-753-cases-study
#14
Luis Villasis-Sarmiento, Javier Portilla-Robertson, Arcelia Melendez-Ocampo, Luis-Alberto Gaitan-Cepeda, Elba-Rosa Leyva-Huerta
BACKGROUND: Odontogenic cysts (OC) are the most frequent lesions of the jaws and their constant epidemiological update is necessary and indispensable. Therefore the principal objective of this report was To determine prevalence and clinical-demographical characteristics of OC in a Mexican sample. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 753 cases of OC coming from the archive of a head and neck histopathological teaching service, from January 2000 to December 2013, were included. OC cases were re-assessed according 2005 WHO classification...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462193/surgical-management-of-idiopathic-bone-cavity-case-series-of-consecutive-27-patients
#15
Myoung-Sang You, Dong-Young Kim, Kang-Min Ahn
OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic bone cavity (IBC) is an uncommon intra-osseous cavity of unknown etiology. Clinical features of IBC are not well known and treatment modalities of IBC are controversial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of 27 IBC patients who underwent surgical exploration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 27 consecutive patients who underwent surgery due to a jaw bone cavity from April 2006 to February 2016 were included in this study...
April 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462191/the-effect-of-decompression-as-treatment-of-the-cysts-in-the-jaws-retrospective-analysis
#16
Sun-Tae Lee, Su-Gwan Kim, Seong-Young Moon, Ji-Su Oh, Jae-Seek You, Jae-Sung Kim
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the treatment efficacy of enucleation after decompression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 17 patients with cystic lesion of the jaw were treated with decompression followed by enucleation. Pre- and postdecompression panoramic radiographs were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean percentage of reduction after decompression was 64%. The reaction was graded as good (>80%) in five patients (29...
April 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460843/interest-of-decompression-in-orthodontics-case-report-of-a-keratocyst-during-childhood
#17
Alexandre Alpy, Laurianne Tournaire, Fréderic Vaysse, Christine Marchal-Sixou, Arnaud Lhomme, Bruno Courtois
Keratocysts, also known as keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOT), make up 7% of all odontogenic cysts and develop asymptomatically in most cases. Enucleation is the benchmark treatment. However, there are surgical alternatives. Marsupialization and decompression are necessary in some cases, mainly when the KCOT is large, thus causing an increased risk of bone fracture, or if it has engulfed important elements such as the inferior alveolar nerve or teeth, consequently causing alveolar bone growth failure. The authors describe the case of a nine-year-old child treated for a large keratocyst situated in sector 4 (lower right jaw), impacting both premolars and the canine (45, 44 and 43)...
April 28, 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458853/ectopic-meningioma-of-the-mandible-in-a-20-year-old-woman-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Niklas Rommel, Oliver Bissinger, Andrea Rau, Thomas Muecke
Ectopic meningiomas are a very rare tumor entity. We present a case of a meningioma arising in the mandible of a young woman and initially supposed to be a radicular cyst. Histopathological and immunhistochemical evaluation showed typical cell characteristics of a meningioma. Only six cases of ectopic meningiomas in the mandible have been described in the literature until now, mainly in women at an advanced age and with surgical removal of all tumors. For the first time, no surgical excision has been performed in this case and follow-up control after 12 months showed no significant progression or increasing clinical complaints...
March 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449413/sporadic-versus-syndromic-keratocysts-can-we-predict-treatment-outcome-a-review-of-102-cysts
#19
Dani Noy, Adi Rachmiel, Keidar Zar, Omri Emodi, Rafael M Nagler
OBJECTIVES: Keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT) demonstrates variable growth mechanisms and biologic behavior, partly due to origin and histology. We looked for the most contributing factors in predicting outcome of treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 118 medical files of patients diagnosed with KCOT (by tissue biopsy before surgical treatment) with/without nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) from 1995 to 2015. Data were recorded and analyzed statistically to determine the treatment-outcome correlation...
April 27, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416536/multiple-jaw-cysts-and-ectopic-calcification
#20
Satoshi Hino, Hiroshi Tanaka, Hiroyuki Hamakawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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