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Jaw Cyst

Zana Agani, Vjosa Hamiti-Krasniqi, Jehona Recica, Mergime Prekazi Loxha, Fisnik Kurshumliu, Aida Rexhepi
BACKGROUND: Ameloblastoma is a benign epithelial odontogenic tumor. It is often aggressive and destructive, with the capacity to attain great size, erode bone and invade adjacent structures. Unicystic ameloblastoma is a rare odontogenic lesion, with clinical, radiographic and gross features of jaw cysts. The lesion histologically shows typical ameloblastomatous epithelium lining part of the cyst cavity with or without and/or mural tumor growth. Unicystic ameloblastoma usually presents in posterior mandibular ramus region, while it is rare and atypical in posterior maxillary region...
October 18, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Safoura Seifi, Shabnam Sohanian, Oveis Khakbaz, Farida Abesi, Fatemeh Aliakbarpour, Arezoo Rayani
INTRODUCTION: The ectopic ciliated cyst is a rare non-odontogenic cyst which occurs as a delayed complication after maxillary sinus radical surgery; this lesion emerges due to the destruction of the sinus mucosa during the surgery and entrapment of the respiratory epithelium in the region. This lesion has been observed in very rare cases following genioplasty and bimaxillary orthognathic surgery. CASE REPORT: We reported a case of the ectopic ciliated cyst in in the mandible of a 37-year-old Iranian woman following genioplasty and Lefort 1 surgery after 2 years...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Surekha R Puranik, Rudrayya S Puranik, Satya Prakash, M Bimba
Epidermoid cysts (ECs) are uncommon, benign cystic lesions derived from the entrapment of surface epithelium or more often from the aberrant healing of infundibular epithelium during an episode of follicular inflammation. ECs occur anywhere on the body, particularly along embryonic fusion lines, most commonly on the face, scalp, neck, chest and upper back. Head and neck ECs constitute only about 7%, whereas only 1.6% of ECs are reported in the oral cavity. They comprise <0.01% of all the oral cysts. Floor of the mouth, tongue, lips, palate, jaws, etc...
September 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Marco Mele, Lars Rolighed, MarieLouise Jespersen, Lars Rejnmark, Peer Christiansen
INTRODUCTION: Cancer in the parathyroid gland is rare, but parathyroid cancer is occasionally seen in relation to genetic abnormalities. Due to a limited amount of evidence, the optimal handling of these cases is not clear. Furthermore, the presence of a malignant parathyroid tumor is rarely known at the time of the initial operation; therefore, re-operations are often necessary. The aim of this study was to present the case of a patient with a previously diagnosed jaw tumor and parathyroid carcinoma that presents as a recurrence of hyperparathyroid hypercalcemia...
April 2016: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Hamed Mortazavi, Maryam Baharvand
This review article aimed to introduce a category of jaw lesions associated with impacted tooth. General search engines and specialized databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, PubMed Central, MedLine Plus, Science Direct, Scopus, and well-recognized textbooks were used to find relevant studies using keywords such as "jaw lesion", "jaw disease", "impacted tooth", and "unerupted tooth". More than 250 articles were found, of which approximately 80 were broadly relevant to the topic. We ultimately included 47 articles that were closely related to the topic of interest...
September 2016: Imaging Science in Dentistry
Andrew W Barrett, Kenneth J Sneddon, John V Tighe, Aakshay Gulati, Laurence Newman, Jeremy Collyer, Paul M Norris, Darryl M Coombes, Michael J Shelley, Brian S Bisase, Rachael D Liebmann
Aim To determine how many ameloblastomas were misdiagnosed as dentigerous cysts (DCs) by correlating the radiological and histopathological features of a series of both entities. Methods and results Histopathology reports and radiological imaging of 135 DCs and 43 ameloblastomas were reviewed. Any clinical or radiological feature that suggested that the diagnosis of DC was wrong-for example, absence of an unerupted tooth-prompted review of the original histology. A total of 34 cases coded as DC at diagnosis were excluded; in the remaining 101 patients, the clinicoradiological and histopathological features were consistent with DC in 96 (95...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Surgical Pathology
P V Deepthi, V T Beena, S K Padmakumar, R Rajeev, R Sivakumar
CONTEXT: A study on odontogenic cysts and tumors. AIMS: The aim of this study is to determine the frequency of odontogenic cysts and tumors and their distribution according to age, gender, site and histopathologic types of those reported over a period of 1998-2012 in a Tertiary Health Care Center at South Kerala. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The archives of Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, were retrospectively analyzed. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Archival records were reviewed and all the cases of odontogenic cysts and tumors were retrieved from 1998 to 2012...
May 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Mergime Prekazi Loxha, Sami Salihu, Kaltrina Kryeziu, Sadushe Loxha, Zana Agani, Vjosa Hamiti, Aida Rexhepi
INTRODUCTION: An epidermoid cyst is a benign cyst usually found on the skin. Bone cysts are very rare and if they appear in bone they usually appear in the distal phalanges of the fingers. Epidermoid cysts of the jaws are uncommon. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case, of a 41 year-old female patient admitted to our department because of pain and swelling in the parotid and masseteric region-left side. There was no trismus, pathological findings in skin, high body temperature level, infra-alveolar nerves anesthesia or lymphadenopathy present...
June 2016: Medical Archives
Pauline Lyrio Ribeiro, João Basílio de Souza, Karina Demoner de Abreu, Marisa Simon Brezinscki, Christine Chambo Pignaton
The Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome (NBCCS) is an uncommon disorder caused by a mutation in Patched, tumor suppressor gene. It is mainly characterized by numerous early onset basal cell carcinomas, odontogenic cysts of jaw and skeletal abnormalities. Due to the wide clinical spectrum, treatment and management of its modalities are not standardized and should be individualized and monitored by a multidisciplinary team. We report a typical case in a 30-year-old man with multiple basal cell carcinomas, keratotic pits of palmar creases and bifid ribs, with a history of several corrective surgeries for keratocystic odontogenic tumors, among other lesions characteristic of the syndrome...
July 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Juliane Piragine Araujo, Celso Augusto Lemos, Thais Gimenez Miniello, Fabio Abreu Alves
The study was carried out in a Brazilian population and the aim was to describe the prevalence and the clinic-radiographical features of jaw lesions. In addition, a comparison between the main diagnosis hypothesis and final diagnosis was accessed. A prospective study which evaluated all patients with jaw lesions diagnosed in an Oral Diagnosis Center, between August 2013 and October 2014. A total of 450 patients were observed for the first time, and 130 had some type of jaw lesion. The mean age of the patients was 35...
2016: Brazilian Oral Research
K Pradeep, Adarsh Kudva, Vidya Narayanamoorthy, K M Cariappa, M Vidya Saraswathi
Radicular cysts are inflammatory jaw cysts confined to the apices of teeth with infected and necrotic pulp. They arise from the epithelial residues in the periodontal ligament as a result of inflammation, following the death of pulp. The treatment of such lesions vary with regard to their sizes; the small cystic lesions heal after an endodontic therapy, but larger lesions, may require additional treatment. Apical surgery for radicular cysts generally involves apical root resection and sealing with endodontic material...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Jiang Xindi, Luo Gang, Wang Xinhong, Chen Linlin, Ke Xing, Tang Zhen, Li Yu
OBJECTIVE: This study described the clinical, surgical, and radiographic findings of simple bone cysts. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted for patients diagnosed with simple bone cysts in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Affiliated Stomatological Hospital of Nanchang University from March 2005 to March 2015. Clinical, radio-graphic, surgical, and follow-up data were gathered. Results were statistically analyzed by central tendency and dispersionusing SPSS 20...
June 2016: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
Tao Jiang, Junmei Wang, Ying Wang, Chunde Li
BACKGROUND: Very young children with Gorlin syndrome are at risk for developing medulloblastoma. Patients with Gorlin syndrome may have multiple system abnormalities, including basal cell carcinomas, jaw cysts, desmoplastic medulloblastoma, palmar/plantar pits, rib abnormalities, and intracranial falx calcification. The early diagnosis of Gorlin syndrome in desmoplastic medulloblastoma patients is very important because these patients should receive chemotherapy as a first-line treatment and should avoid radiotherapy as much as possible...
2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
Shivaraj S Wagdargi, Kirthi Kumar Rai, K V Arunkumar, Basavraj Katkol, Gururaj Arakeri
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous regeneration of bone is commonly seen in the small surgical defects caused by enucleation of cysts. However, in case of large surgical defects caused by the enucleation, spontaneous regeneration of bone is a rare phenomenon and it depends on factors, such as age of the patient, intact periosteum, and proper stabilization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 16 patients, who reported to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery with the complaint of pain and swelling in the jaws diagnosed as cyst...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Atif Ali Hashmi, Muhammad Muzzammil Edhi, Naveen Faridi, Mervyn Hosein, Mehmood Khan
BACKGROUND: Gorlin syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant syndrome characterized by multiple basal cell carcinomas, keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KOT) and falx cerebral calcifications, which occur due to mutation in PTCH gene. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36 year old Asian patient presented with jaw swelling and pain. Radiographic examination revealed six cysts in maxilla and mandible which were excised and histologically were compatable with keratocystic odontogenic tumors...
2016: BMC Research Notes
A V Schipskiy, I V Godunova
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Stomatologii︠a︡
Hernán Arango-Fernández, Saulo Pineda, Nadim Elneser, Andrés Gómez-Delgado
Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is an uncommon, non-neoplastic, expansive and erosive bone lesion. Considered as a pseudocyst due the lack of epithelial lining, the presence of giant cells and similarity to other lesions can make preoperative diagnosis difficult; biopsy findings must be co-related to complete clinical and radiological assessment. ABC's controversial etiopathogenesis and variable clinicopathological presentations have been widely described, but to date, there are just a few reports in literature describing the development of fibrous dysplasia (FD) from an ABC, and even less cases occurring in the jaws...
July 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Anil Managutti, Sunita Managutti, Harsh Patel, Shailesh Menat
Orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst (OOC) is a rare developmental jaw cyst, considered as distinct entity from odontogenic keratocysts as it exhibits a less aggressive behaviour and a very low rate of recurrence. Most commonly occurs in mandibular molar and ramus region, rarely seen in maxilla and mandibular premolar area. But till now never reported in condyle, this article describes a case of OOC involving the mandibular condylar head in a 41-year-old male. The initial clinical diagnosis was given as TMD based on the clinical features, but radiographic evaluation revealed osteolytic lesion in right side condylar head...
July 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Joseph Kamal Muhammad, Shakeel Akhtar, Hiba Abu Al Nassar, Nabil Al Khoury
The reconstructive options for large expansive cystic lesion affecting the jaws are many. The first stage of treatment may involve enucleation or marsupialization of the cyst. Attempted reconstruction of large osseous defects arising from the destruction of local tissue can present formidable challenges. The literature reports the use of bone grafts, free tissue transfer, bone morphogenic protein and reconstruction plates to assist in the healing and rehabilitation process. The management of huge mandibular cysts needs to take into account the preservation of existing intact structures, removal of the pathology and the reconstructive objectives which focus both on aesthetic and functional rehabilitation...
July 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
D MacDonald
In order to compliment the current interest in lesions affecting the face and jaws in Clinical Radiology, this overview addresses recent developments in the classification, nomenclature, clinical and radiological diagnosis, and outcomes of treatment of the most important and frequent lesions that present as radiolucencies on conventional radiography of the jaws. Although termed "benign" a significant proportion of each odontogenic neoplasm can recur after conservative surgery. Two diagnostic flowcharts take the clinician from the radiological presentation of a lesion in the jaw to an appropriate diagnosis...
October 2016: Clinical Radiology
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