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cardiovascular prediction

Alfonse T Masi, Azeem A Rehman, Laura C Jorgenson, Jean C Aldag
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to critically investigate all-cause and major-cause mortality of incident rheumatoid arthritis (RA) cases versus matched non-RA comparison (CN) subjects in a long-term prospective cohort. METHODS: Baseline 1974 cohort entry demographic and serum biomarker data on 54 incident RA patients and 216 matched CN subjects were related to their mortality from 1995 through 2015. Mortality of RA patients was also analysed by 3 categories of course responses to therapy assigned by the sole community rheumatologist in 1995 (19 good, 23 fair, and 12 limited)...
October 26, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Eugénie Riesenkampff, Wietske Luining, Mike Seed, Paweena Chungsomprasong, Cedric Manlhiot, Bernadette Elders, Brian W McCrindle, Shi-Joon Yoo, Lars Grosse-Wortmann
BACKGROUND: Unfavorable left ventricular (LV) remodelling may be associated with adverse outcomes after Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair. We sought to assess T1 cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) markers of diffuse LV myocardial fibrosis in children after TOF repair, and associated factors. METHODS: In this prospective, cross-sectional study, native (=non-contrast) T1 times and extracellular volume fraction (ECV) were quantified in the LV myocardium using CMR...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Manuela Merli, Concetta Torromeo, Michela Giusto, Gianna Iacovone, Oliviero Riggio, Paolo Emilio Puddu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cirrhotic Cardiomyopathy (CC) may interact with the clinical course of liver cirrhosis and can be implicated in the development of several complications in advanced liver disease. The best and easiest parameters which should define a condition of reduced cardiac reserve in cirrhosis are still controversial. The current study was aimed at selecting the cardiac parameters, derived by Doppler echocardiography, predictive of survival during follow-up. METHODS: The study included cirrhotic patients without cardiovascular or pulmonary diseases...
October 26, 2016: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Enrico Girardi, Antonella d'Arminio Monforte, Laura Camoni, Patrizio Pezzotti, Giovanni Guaraldi, Adriana Ammassari, Andrea Antinori, Stefano Bonora, Cristina Mussini, Antonella Cingolani, Giulio Maria Corbelli, Silvia Adami, Luca Degli Esposti, Margherita Andretta
HIV disease has dramatically changed in the last two decades from a progressive, lethal disease to a chronic manageable condition. These changes are due to the availability of potent antiretroviral combination therapy, which also have the potential to contribute significantly to the control of the epidemic. Among persons living with HIV, incidence of immunosuppression-related opportunistic illnesses has clearly decreased, while an increase was observed in the prevalence of age-related noncommunicable comorbidities, including cardiovascular, metabolic, renal, bone and hepatic disease, due to chronic inflammatory state and to an overall aging of the population of persons with HIV...
October 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
Raya Al Maskari, Yasmin, S Cleary, Nikki Figg, Sarju Mehta, Doris Rassl, Ian Wilkinson, Kevin M O'Shaughnessy
Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder with a range of cardiovascular, skeletal, craniofacial and cutaneous manifestations. LDS type 4 is caused by mutations in TGFβ ligand 2 (TGFB2) and based on the family pedigrees described to date, appears to have a milder clinical phenotype, often presenting with isolated aortic disease. We sought to investigate its molecular basis in a new pedigree. We identified a missense variant p.(Arg320Cys) (NM_003238.3) in a highly evolutionary conserved region of TGFB2 in a new LDS type 4 pedigree with multiple cases of aortic aneurysms and dissections...
October 26, 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
Sara Moradipoor, Patimah Ismail, Ali Etemad, Wan Aliaa Wan Sulaiman, Salma Ahmadloo
Endothelial dysfunction appears to be an early sign indicating vascular damage and predicts the progression of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disorders. Extensive clinical and experimental evidence suggests that endothelial dysfunction occurs in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and prediabetes patients. This study was carried out with an aim to appraise the expression levels in the peripheral blood of 84 genes related to endothelial cells biology in patients with diagnosed T2DM or prediabetes, trying to identify new genes whose expression might be changed under these pathological conditions...
2016: BioMed Research International
Yi-Fan Li, Wei-Hong Li, Zhao-Ping Li, Xin-Heng Feng, Wei-Xian Xu, Shao-Min Chen, Wei Gao
BACKGROUND: The left atrial size has been considered as a useful marker of adverse cardiovascular outcomes. However, it is not well known whether left atrial area index (LAAI) has predictive value for prognosis in patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP). This study was aimed to assess the association between LAAI and outcomes in UAP patients. METHODS: We enrolled a total of 391 in-hospital patients diagnosed as UAP. Clinical and echocardiographic data at baseline were collected...
August 2016: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
Qin Zhou, Xiang-Ping Chai, Zhen-Fei Fang, Xin-Qun Hu, Liang Tang
BACKGROUND: Acute aortic dissection is a life-threatening cardiovascular emergency. Pentraxin-3 (PTX3) is proposed as a prognostic marker and found to be related to worse clinical outcomes in various cardiovascular diseases. This study sought to investigate the association of circulating PTX3 levels with in-hospital mortality in patients with acute Type A aortic dissection (TAAD). METHODS: A total of 98 patients with TAAD between January 2012 and December 2015 were enrolled in this study...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Yintang Wang, Yang Wang, Shijie You, Hongjian Wang, Dong Yin, Kefei Dou, Weihua Song
BACKGROUND: Despite its severity, coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is still poorly understood. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) has been recognized as a prognostic factor in some cardiovascular diseases but not assessed in CAE. The aim of this observational study was to investigate the prognostic value of hs-CRP in CAE. METHODS: Our analysis evaluated the effect of the baseline hs-CRP on cardiovascular events (CVs) (cardiac death and nonfetal myocardial infarction) in consecutively enrolled stable CAE patients...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Ryszard Grenda
Delayed graft function (DGF) is commonly defined as the requirement for dialysis within the first 7 days following renal transplantation. The major underlying mechanism is related to ischaemia/reperfusion injury, which includes microvascular inflammation and cell death and apoptosis, and to the regeneration processes. Several clinical factors related to donor, recipient and organ procurement/transplantation procedures may increase the risk of DGF, including donor cardiovascular instability, older donor age, donor creatinine concentration, long cold ischaemia time and marked body mass index of both the donor and recipient...
October 24, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Diana Golden, Antonina Kolmakova, Sunitha Sura, Anthony T Vella, Ani Manichaikul, Xin-Qun Wang, Suzette J Bielinski, Kent D Taylor, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Stephen S Rich, Annabelle Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: The lipoprotein scavenger receptor BI (SCARB1) rs10846744 noncoding variant is significantly associated with atherosclerotic disease independently of traditional cardiovascular risk factors. We identified a potentially novel connection between rs10846744, the immune checkpoint inhibitor lymphocyte activation gene 3 (LAG3), and atherosclerosis. METHODS: In vitro approaches included flow cytometry, lipid raft isolation, phosphosignaling, cytokine measurements, and overexpressing and silencing LAG3 protein...
October 20, 2016: JCI Insight
Antoni Bayes-Genis, Julio Núñez, Eduardo Núñez, Jaume Barallat Martínez, Maria-Cruz Pastor Ferrer, Marta de Antonio, Elisabet Zamora, Juan Sanchis, Josep Lupón Rosés
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in pharmacologic therapy and devices, patients with heart failure (HF) continue to have significant rehospitalization rates and risk prediction remains challenging. We sought to explore the value of a multi-biomarker panel [including NT-proBNP, high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-TnT), and ST2] on top of clinical assessment for long-term prediction of recurrent hospitalizations in HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: NT-proBNP, hs-TnT, and ST2 (suppression of tumorigenicity-2) levels were measured in 891 consecutive ambulatory HF patients...
2016: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Oscar H Del Brutto, Robertino M Mera, Mauricio Zambrano, Victor J Del Brutto
BACKGROUND: There is no information on stroke incidence in rural areas of Latin America, where living conditions and cardiovascular risk factors are different from urban centers. AIM: Using a population-based prospective cohort study design, we aimed to assess risk factors influencing stroke incidence in community-dwelling adults living in rural Ecuador. METHODS: First-ever strokes occurring from 1 June 2012 to 31 May 2016, in Atahualpa residents aged ≥40 years, were identified from yearly door-to-door surveys and other overlapping sources...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Estefanía Moreno-Gordaliza, Sven J van der Lee, Ayşe Demirkan, Cornelia M van Duijn, Johan Kuiper, Petrus W Lindenburg, Thomas Hankemeier
A new capillary isotachophoresis (cITP) method for lipoprotein profiling with superior lipoprotein coverage compared to previous methods has been developed, resolving twice as many lipoprotein species (18 peaks/fractions) in serum or plasma in less than 9.5 min. For this, a novel mixture of 24 spacers, including amino acids, dipeptides and sulfonic acids, was developed and fine-tuned, using predictive software (PeakMaster) and testing of spiked serum samples. Lipoprotein peaks were identified by serum-spiking with reference lipoproteins...
November 9, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Marius Schwerg, Anna Slagman, Karl Stangl, Verena Stangl
BACKGROUND: Renal denervation is used as a treatment option for patients with resistant hypertension. But only a subgroup of patients benefits from RDN. Biomarkers might be helpful to identify patients who respond to RDN. Copeptin as a surrogate for vasopressin levels is increased in hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases. This study aims to evaluate the effect of RDN on Copeptin and its prognostic value for response to RDN. METHOD AND RESULTS: A total of 40 patients have been included in the study...
October 24, 2016: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
Fatemeh Ostadan, Carla Centeno, Jean-Felix Daloze, Mira Jesper Frenn Lundbye-Jensen, Marc Roig
A single bout of cardiovascular exercise performed immediately after practicing a motor task improves the long-term retention of the skill through an optimization of memory consolidation. However, the specific brain mechanisms underlying the effects of acute cardiovascular exercise on procedural memory are poorly understood. We sought to determine if a single bout of exercise modifies corticospinal excitability (CSE) during the early stages of memory consolidation. In addition, we investigated if changes in CSE are associated with exercise-induced off-line gains in procedural memory...
October 20, 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
R M Bruno, K D Reesink, L Ghiadoni
AIM: The present paper is a selective review on the methodology and clinical significance of techniques to assess specifically endothelial function, carotid mechanics and renal vascular function, particularly in the light of vascular dysfunction in metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes. DATA SYNTHESIS: Endothelial dysfunction appears to be earlier detectable in the microcirculation of patients with altered glucose metabolism, while it attains significance in the macrocirculation at more advanced disease stages...
September 15, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Saeid Safiri, Salman Khazaei, Kamyar Mansori, Mohadeseh Sani, Erfan Ayubi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Stefano Strano, Alessandra Fanciulli, Massimiliano Rizzo, Paolo Marinelli, Paolo Palange, Dorina Tiple, Giuseppe De Vincentis, Giovanni Calcagnini, Federica Censi, Giuseppe Meco, Carlo Colosimo
BACKGROUND: The clinical presentation of Parkinson's disease (PD) includes a wide spectrum of non-motor features, including cardiovascular autonomic failure. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cardiovascular autonomic status and cardiac functional capacity in drug-naïve PD patients. METHODS: 18 newly-diagnosed PD patients underwent laboratory cardiovascular autonomic function tests using power spectral analysis of the R-R interval, blood pressure (BP) short-term variability and non-invasive baroreflex sensitivity (BRS)...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Esmeralda Castillo-Rodriguez, Raul Fernandez-Prado, Catalina Martin-Cleary, Maria Soledad Pizarro-Sánchez, Maria Dolores Sanchez-Niño, Ana Belen Sanz, Beatriz Fernandez-Fernandez, Alberto Ortiz
The current categorization of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is based on biomarkers of the glomerular function (estimated glomerular filtration rate, eGFR) and injury (urinary albumin creatinine ratio, UACR) and provides information on the risk of death and of progression of kidney disease. However, there are gaps in knowledge regarding the risk stratification of elderly patients with eGFR 45-60 ml/min/1.73 m2 and of younger patients with higher eGFR but physiological albuminuria. In this regard, most of the kidney cell mass is composed of tubules...
October 22, 2016: Nephron
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