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paediatric critical care nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318663/weight-improvement-with-the-use-of-protein-and-energy-enriched-nutritional-formula-in-infants-with-a-prolonged-picu-stay
#1
R D Eveleens, D K Dungen, S C A T Verbruggen, J M Hulst, K F M Joosten
BACKGROUND: Reaching an optimal nutritional intake is challenging in critically ill infants. One possible way to minimise nutritional deficits is the use of protein and energy-enriched (PE)-formulas. We aimed to describe weight achievement and gastrointestinal symptoms in infants admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) while receiving PE-formula for a prolonged period. METHODS: Records from infants admitted to a multidisciplinary PICU and using PE-formula were analysed retrospectively...
October 14, 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30242299/long-term-morbidities-in-children-with-critical-illness-gaps-and-opportunities
#2
Stephanie Senna, Chengsi Ong, Zhi Min Ng, Jan Hau Lee
INTRODUCTION: Improved mortality rates in paediatric critical care may come with the cost of increased morbidity. Goals of modern paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) management should focus on restoring long-term function of paediatric critical illness survivors. This review outlines our current knowledge on trajectories and risk factors of long-term morbidities in PICU survivors. Specifically, we aimed to identify current limitations and gaps in this area so as to identify opportunities for future investigations to reduce the burden of morbidities in these children...
August 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30224325/long-term-developmental-effects-of-withholding-parenteral-nutrition-for-1-week-in-the-paediatric-intensive-care-unit-a-2-year-follow-up-of-the-pepanic-international-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Sören Verstraete, Sascha C Verbruggen, José A Hordijk, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Karolijn Dulfer, Fabian Güiza, Esther van Puffelen, An Jacobs, Sandra Leys, Astrid Durt, Hanna Van Cleemput, Renate D Eveleens, Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Pieter J Wouters, Koen F Joosten, Greet Van den Berghe
BACKGROUND: The paediatric early versus late parenteral nutrition in critical illness (PEPaNIC) multicentre, randomised, controlled trial showed that, compared with early parenteral nutrition, withholding supplemental parenteral nutrition for 1 week in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU; late parenteral nutrition) reduced infections and accelerated recovery from critical illness in children. We aimed to investigate the long-term impact on physical and neurocognitive development of early versus late parenteral nutrition...
September 14, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169323/early-versus-late-parenteral-nutrition-in-critically-ill-term-neonates-a-preplanned-secondary-subgroup-analysis-of-the-pepanic-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Esther van Puffelen, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Koen F M Joosten, Pieter J Wouters, Greet Van den Berghe, Sascha C A T Verbruggen
BACKGROUND: Previous randomised studies showed that withholding parenteral nutrition for 1 week of critical illness was superior to early initiation (<24-48 h) of parenteral nutrition in children and adults. However, neonates are considered more susceptible to macronutrient deficits. We investigated the effect of withholding parenteral nutrition for 1 week in critically ill, term neonates. METHODS: We previously did a randomised, controlled study (PEPaNIC) of children aged up to 17 years admitted to paediatric intensive-care units (ICUs) in three hospitals in Belgium, Canada, and the Netherlands randomly assigned (1:1) to either standard care of parenteral nutrition initiated early within 24 h of admission to an ICU or late parenteral nutrition (where supplemental parenteral nutrition was withheld for 1 week after admission to the ICU)...
July 2018: The lancet child & adolescent health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094347/effect-of-a-physical-activity-consultation-in-the-management-of-adolescent-overweight-the-pac-mano-project-study-rationale-design-and-methods
#5
Antonio Videira-Silva, Luís Sardinha, Helena Fonseca
Background: Adolescent overweight is a major public health concern, as it is associated with several short-run and long-run adverse health outcomes. Inappropriate health behaviours may be at the front of this epidemic. There is widespread need for new strategies that may positively influence dietary and physical activity behaviours. This trial (NCT02941770) was designed to investigate the impact of a physical activity consultation, based on motivational interview technique, on physical activity behaviour and weight status among overweight adolescents followed at a tertiary paediatric care centre...
2018: BMJ Paediatrics Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506377/-italian-cystic-fibrosis-registry-report-2011-2014
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Barbara Giordani, Annalisa Amato, Fabio Majo, Gianluca Ferrari, Serena Quattrucci, Laura Minicucci, Rita Padoan, Giovanna Floridia, Gianna Puppo Fornaro, Domenica Taruscio, Marco Salvatore
INTRODUCTION: The Italian Cystic Fibrosis Registry (ICFR) is based on a new agreement about the data flow towards the Registry signed on October, 4th 2016 by the Centre for Rare Diseases of the Italian National Institute of Health (NIH), the clinicians of the Italian National Referral and Support Centres for Cystic Fibrosis, the Paediatric Hospital "Bambino Gesù" (Rome), the Italian Cystic Fibrosis Society, and the Italian League for Cystic Fibrosis. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present Report is to improve the knowledge on cystic fibrosis (CF) through the epidemiological description of Italian patients...
January 2018: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463275/leukocyte-telomere-length-in-paediatric-critical-illness-effect-of-early-parenteral-nutrition
#7
Sören Verstraete, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Esther van Puffelen, Inge Derese, Catherine Ingels, Sascha C Verbruggen, Pieter J Wouters, Koen F Joosten, Jan Hanot, Gonzalo G Guerra, Dirk Vlasselaers, Jue Lin, Greet Van den Berghe
BACKGROUND: Children who have suffered from critical illnesses that required treatment in a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) have long-term physical and neurodevelopmental impairments. The mechanisms underlying this legacy remain largely unknown. In patients suffering from chronic diseases hallmarked by inflammation and oxidative stress, poor long-term outcome has been associated with shorter telomeres. Shortened telomeres have also been reported to result from excessive food consumption and/or unhealthy nutrition...
February 21, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278447/early-initiated-feeding-versus-early-reached-target-enteral-nutrition-in-critically-ill-children-an-observational-study-in-paediatric-intensive-care-units-in-turkey
#8
Soyhan Baǧci, Elif Keleş, Feyza Girgin, Dinçer R Yıldızdaş, Özden Ö Horoz, Nilüfer Yalındağ, Murat Tanyıldız, Benan Bayrakçi, Gökhan Kalkan, Başak N Akyıldız, Alper Köker, Tolga Köroğlu, Ayşe B Anıl, Neslihan Zengin, Ener Ç Dinleyici, Eylem Kıral, Oğuz Dursun, Süleyman Tolga Yavuz, Peter Bartmann, Andreas Müller
AIM: Although early enteral nutrition (EN) is strongly associated with lower mortality in critically ill children, there is no consensus on the definition of early EN. The aim of this study was to evaluate our current practice supplying EN and to identify factors that affect both the initiation of feeding within 24 h after paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) admission and the adequate supply of EN in the first 48 h after PICU admission in critically ill children. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, multicentre, observational study in nine PICUs in Turkey...
May 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992064/estimating-the-comparative-effectiveness-of-feeding-interventions-in-the-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-a-demonstration-of-longitudinal-targeted-maximum-likelihood-estimation
#9
Noémi Kreif, Linh Tran, Richard Grieve, Bianca De Stavola, Robert C Tasker, Maya Petersen
Longitudinal data sources offer new opportunities for the evaluation of sequential interventions. To adjust for time-dependent confounding in these settings, longitudinal targeted maximum likelihood based estimation (TMLE), a doubly robust method that can be coupled with machine learning, has been proposed. This paper provides a tutorial in applying longitudinal TMLE, in contrast to inverse probability of treatment weighting and g-computation based on iterative conditional expectations. We apply these methods to estimate the causal effect of nutritional interventions on clinical outcomes among critically ill children in a United Kingdom study (Control of Hyperglycemia in Paediatric Intensive Care, 2008-2011)...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921175/routine-gastric-residual-volume-measurement-and-energy-target-achievement-in-the-picu-a-comparison-study
#10
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Lyvonne N Tume, Anna Bickerdike, Lynne Latten, Simon Davies, Madeleine H Lefèvre, Gaëlle W Nicolas, Frédéric V Valla
Critically ill children frequently fail to achieve adequate energy intake, and some care practices, such as the measurement of gastric residual volume (GRV), may contribute to this problem. We compared outcomes in two similar European Paediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs): one which routinely measures GRV (PICU-GRV) to one unit that does not (PICU-noGRV). An observational pilot comparison study was undertaken. Eighty-seven children were included in the study, 42 (PICU-GRV) and 45 (PICU-noGRV). There were no significant differences in the percentage of energy targets achieved in the first 4 days of PICU admission although PICU-noGRV showed more consistent delivery of median (and IQR) energy targets and less under and over feeding for PICU-GRV and PICU-noGRV: day 1 37 (14-72) vs 44 (0-100), day 2 97 (53-126) vs 100 (100-100), day 3 84 (45-112) vs 100 (100-100) and day 4 101 (63-124) vs 100 (100-100)...
December 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640510/paediatric-intensive-care-nurses-decision-making-around-gastric-residual-volume-measurement
#11
Lyvonne N Tume, Lynne Latten, Lindsay Kenworthy
BACKGROUND: Measuring gastric residual volume (GRV) to guide enteral feeding is a common nursing practice in intensive care units, yet little evidence supports this practice. In addition, this practice has been shown to potentially contribute to inadequate energy delivery in intensive care, which remains a problem in critically ill children. AIMS: We aimed to explore paediatric intensive care nurses' decision-making surrounding this practice. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional electronic survey in a single mixed general and cardiac surgical PICU in the UK...
September 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584925/peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-are-associated-with-lower-risk-of-bloodstream-infection-compared-with-central-venous-catheters-in-paediatric-intensive-care-patients-a-propensity-adjusted-analysis
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Ricardo Silveira Yamaguchi, Danilo Teixeira Noritomi, Natalia Viu Degaspare, Gabriela Ortega Cisternas Muñoz, Ana Paula Matos Porto, Silvia Figueiredo Costa, Otavio T Ranzani
PURPOSE: Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) is an important cause of complications in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs). Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) could be an alternative to central venous catheters (CVCs) and the effect of PICCs compared with CVCs on CLABSI prevention is unknown in PICUs. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate whether PICCs were associated with a protective effect for CLABSI when compared to CVCs in critically ill children. METHODS: We have carried out a retrospective multicentre study in four PICUs in São Paulo, Brazil...
August 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532628/milestones-barriers-and-beacons-shared-decision-making-in-canada-inches-ahead
#13
REVIEW
France Légaré, Dawn Stacey, Pierre-Gerlier Forest, Marie-France Coutu, Patrick Archambault, Laura Boland, Holly O Witteman, Annie LeBlanc, Krystina B Lewis, Anik M C Giguere
Canada's approach to shared decision making (SDM) remains as disparate as its healthcare system; a conglomerate of 14 public plans - ten provincial, three territorial and one federal. The healthcare research funding environment has been largely positive for SDM because there was funding for knowledge translation research which also encompassed SDM. The funding climate currently places new emphasis on patient involvement in research and on patient empowerment in healthcare. SDM fields have expanded from primary care to elder care, paediatrics, emergency and critical care medicine, cardiology, nutrition, occupational therapy and workplace rehabilitation...
June 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522351/effect-of-early-supplemental-parenteral-nutrition-in-the-paediatric-icu-a-preplanned-observational-study-of-post-randomisation-treatments-in-the-pepanic-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ilse Vanhorebeek, Sascha Verbruggen, Michaël P Casaer, Jan Gunst, Pieter J Wouters, Jan Hanot, Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Dirk Vlasselaers, Koen Joosten, Greet Van den Berghe
BACKGROUND: Large randomised controlled trials have shown that early supplemental parenteral nutrition in patients admitted to adult and paediatric intensive care units (PICUs) is harmful. Overdosing of energy with too little protein was suggested as a potential reason for this. This study analysed which macronutrient was associated with harm caused by early supplemental parenteral nutrition in the Paediatric Early versus Late Parenteral Nutrition In Critical Illness (PEPaNIC) randomised trial...
June 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428012/-retrospective-study-of-children-referred-from-paediatric-intensive-care-to-palliative-care-why-and-for-what
#15
Alberto García-Salido, Paula Santos-Herranz, Verónica Puertas-Martín, María Ángeles García-Teresa, Ricardo Martino-Alba, Ana Serrano-González
INTRODUCTION: The creation of paediatric palliative care units (PPCU) could optimise the management of children with palliative focus after admission to a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). This study describes the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of children referred from PICU to the PPCU of the Autonomous Community of Madrid (CAM). The overall treatment, relapses, re-admissions, and deaths, if occurred, are described. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A retrospective review was performed using the medical records from children transferred from the CAM paediatric intensive care units to the paediatric palliative care unit (1 March 2008-31 January 2015)...
January 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702711/optimal-nutrition-therapy-in-paediatric-critical-care-in-the-asia-pacific-and-middle-east-a-consensus
#16
REVIEW
Jan Hau Lee, Elizabeth Rogers, Yek Kee Chor, Rujipat Samransamruajkit, Pei Lin Koh, Mohamad Miqdady, Ali Ibrahim Al-Mehaidib, Antonius Pudjiadi, Sunit Singhi, Nilesh M Mehta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Current practices and available resources for nutrition therapy in paediatric intensive care units (PICUs) in the Asia Pacific-Middle East region are expected to differ from western countries. Existing guidelines for nutrition management in critically ill children may not be directly applicable in this region. This paper outlines consensus statements developed by the Asia Pacific-Middle East Consensus Working Group on Nutrition Therapy in the Paediatric Critical Care Environment...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619337/time-of-parenteral-nutrition-in-paediatric-critical-care-patients-prior-nutritional-status-probably-makes-the-difference
#17
EDITORIAL
Mònica Balaguer, Iolanda Jordan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283733/smoke-inhalation-increases-intensive-care-requirements-and-morbidity-in-paediatric-burns
#18
Alethea Tan, Sarah Smailes, Thessa Friebel, Ashish Magdum, Quentin Frew, Naguib El-Muttardi, Peter Dziewulski
Burn survival has improved with advancements in fluid resuscitation, surgical wound management, wound dressings, access to antibiotics and nutritional support for burn patients. Despite these advancements, the presence of smoke inhalation injury in addition to a cutaneous burn still significantly increases morbidity and mortality. The pathophysiology of smoke inhalation has been well studied in animal models. Translation of this knowledge into effectiveness of clinical management and correlation with patient outcomes including the paediatric population, is still limited...
August 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230550/nutritional-support-for-critically-ill-children
#19
REVIEW
Ari Joffe, Natalie Anton, Laurance Lequier, Ben Vandermeer, Lisa Tjosvold, Bodil Larsen, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: Nutritional support in the critically ill child has not been well investigated and is a controversial topic within paediatric intensive care. There are no clear guidelines as to the best form or timing of nutrition in critically ill infants and children. This is an update of a review that was originally published in 2009. . OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to assess the impact of enteral and parenteral nutrition given in the first week of illness on clinically important outcomes in critically ill children...
May 27, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27129411/-models-of-care-and-classification-of-children-with-special-health-care-needs-cshcn-recommendations-from-the-cshcn-committee-chilean-paediatric-society
#20
Juan Carlos Flores Cano, Macarena Lizama Calvo, Natalie Rodríguez Zamora, María Eugenia Ávalos Anguita, Mónica Galanti De La Paz, Salesa Barja Yañez, Carlos Becerra Flores, Carolina Sanhueza Sepúlveda, Ana María Cabezas Tamayo, Jorge Orellana Welch, Gisela Zillmann Geerdts, Rosa María Antilef, Alfonso Cox Melane, Marcelo Valle Maluenda, Nelson Vargas Catalán
"Children with special health care needs" (CSHCN) is an emerging and heterogeneous group of paediatric patients, with a wide variety of medical conditions and with different uses of health care services. There is consensus on how to classify and assess these patients according to their needs, but not for their specific diagnosis. Needs are classified into 6 areas: a) specialised medical care; b) use or need of prescription medication; c) special nutrition; d) dependence on technology; e) rehabilitation therapy for functional limitation; and f) special education services...
May 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
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