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Internal board examination

Guido Grassi
The Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT), sponsored by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute in the USA, allocated 9361 hypertensive patients (mean age 68 years) to two systolic blood pressure treatment targets (either < 120mmHg or < 140mmHg). Although SPRINT intended to enrol hypertensive patients at high cardiovascular risk, it specifically excluded patients with diabetes mellitus or prior stroke. SPRINT was stopped earlier than planned, after a mean follow-up of 3.26 years, on the recommendation of its data and safety monitoring board, and data were published on 9 November 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Anna K Nowak, Kari Chansky, David C Rice, Harvey I Pass, Hedy L Kindler, Lynn Shemanski, Andrea Billé, Robert Rintoul, Hasan F Batirel, Charles F Thomas, Joseph Friedberg, Susana Cedres, Marc de Perrot, Valerie W Rusch
INTRODUCTION: Current T component for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has been predominantly informed by surgical datasets and consensus. The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer undertook revision of the 7(th) Edition staging system for MPM with the goal of developing recommendations for the 8(th) edition. METHODS: Data elements including detailed T descriptors were developed by consensus. Tumor thickness at three pleural levels was also recorded...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Frederik Giesel, Florian Schneider, Clemens Kratochwil, Daniel Rath, Tim Holland-Letz, Jan Moltz, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Lawrence Schwartz, Uwe Haberkorn, Paul Flechsig
: In patients with lung cancer (LC), malignant melanoma (MM), gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP-NETs) and prostate cancer (PCA), N-staging is often performed by integrated (18)F-FDG-Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) (LC, MM), (68)Ga-DOTATOC-PET/CT (GEP-NET) and (68)Ga-PSMA-PET/CT (PCA): N-staging is not always accurate due to indeterminate PET-findings. To better evaluate malignant lymph node (LN) infiltration, additional surrogate parameters, especially in cases with indeterminate PET-findings, would be helpful...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Guido Grassi
The Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT), sponsored by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute in the USA, allocated 9361 hypertensive patients (mean age 68 years) to two systolic blood pressure treatment targets (either < 120mmHg or < 140mmHg). Although SPRINT intended to enrol hypertensive patients at high cardiovascular risk, it specifically excluded patients with diabetes mellitus or prior stroke. SPRINT was stopped earlier than planned, after a mean follow-up of 3.26 years, on the recommendation of its data and safety monitoring board, and data were published on 9 November 2015...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Jeffrey T Kuvin, Eric S Williams
Patients, hospitals, insurers, and the public rely on competent physicians. The definition and documentation of competency in cardiovascular training and practice continues to evolve. New tools, such as the American College of Cardiology's in-training examination, restructured Core Cardiovascular Training Statement, curricular and lifelong learning competencies, and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education Milestones help define competent trainees and practitioners, and level the playing field...
September 20, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Nancy E Kass, Joseph Ali, Kristina Hallez, Adnan A Hyder
OBJECTIVES: Our primary aim was to evaluate the impact of US National Institutes of Health (NIH)-funded bioethics training programmes (Fogarty bioethics training programmes, FBTPs) that trained individuals from Africa over the programme's first 10 years to examine changes between pretraining and post-training in individual achievement and to document any associations between individual, training programme and post-training accomplishments. DESIGN: We surveyed trainees from the 10 bioethics programmes funded by NIH Fogarty International Center from 2000 to 2011 that included African trainees...
September 15, 2016: BMJ Open
Michael B Gottschalk, William Carpenter, Elise Hiza, William Reisman, James Roberson
BACKGROUND: Despite extensive research regarding patient outcomes after operative fixation of humeral shaft fractures by means of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) or intramedullary nailing (IMN), no current consensus exists regarding the optimal surgical treatment. The objective of this study was to compare IMN and plate fixation (ORIF) of humeral shaft fractures by using the American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) Part II operative database to analyze incidence rates, changes in management trends over time, early complications, and factors affecting the management choice...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Hwa Sung Sung, Young-Seon Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ultrasonographic (US) features of traumatic neuromas in breast cancer patients after mastectomy. Methods: This study was performed with approval from our Institutional Review Board, and the requirement for informed consent was waived. Six traumatic neuromas in five patients were included in this study. The US findings of traumatic neuromas were evaluated retrospectively by two radiologists according to the Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) lexicon...
July 18, 2016: Ultrasonography
Kathryn Wouk, Ellen Chetwynd, Thomas Vitaglione, Catherine Sullivan
Objective While the Affordable Care Act improves access to lactation services for many women across the US, low-income mothers in states without Medicaid expansion lack coverage for lactation support. As these states consider individual Medicaid reimbursement policies, the availability, effectiveness, and cost-benefit of lactation services must be evaluated. We conducted such an analysis for low-income mothers in North Carolina (NC), providing a model for other states. Methods First, we analyzed the distribution of NC International Board Certified Lactation Consultants (IBCLCs) and county-level breastfeeding rates among low-income infants...
August 17, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Belinda Dewar, Azad Rahmani, Mansour Ghafourifard
BACKGROUND: Compassionate care is an international priority of healthcare professionals. There is little understanding about how workplace issues impact provision of compassionate care in nursing practice. Therefore, it is important to address the workplace issues and organizational factors which may hinder compassionate care delivery within nursing practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore workplace and organizational barriers to compassionate care from the nurses' perspective...
August 11, 2016: Nursing Ethics
Kenneth R Allison, Karen Vu-Nguyen, Bessie Ng, Nour Schoueri-Mychasiw, John J M Dwyer, Heather Manson, Erin Hobin, Steve Manske, Jennifer Robertson
BACKGROUND: School-based structured opportunities for physical activity can provide health-related benefits to children and youth, and contribute to international guidelines recommending 60 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) per day. In 2005, the Ministry of Education in Ontario, Canada, released the Daily Physical Activity (DPA) policy requiring school boards to "ensure that all elementary students, including students with special needs, have a minimum of twenty minutes of sustained MVPA each school day during instructional time"...
2016: BMC Public Health
Chiara Mozzini, Anna Maria Fratta Pasini, Ulisse Garbin, Luciano Cominacini
BACKGROUND: Lung ultrasound (LUS) represents an emerging technique for bedside chest imaging in different clinical settings. A standardized approach allows the diagnosis, the quantification, and the follow-up of different conditions for which acute respiratory failure is the main clinical presentation. The aim of this study was to test what skill targets could be achieved in LUS, with a short-training course offered to 19 Medical Doctors attending the certification board school in Internal Medicine at the University of Verona, Italy...
December 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Nengliang Yao, Jialin Wang, Yuanchu Cai, Jing Yuan, Haipeng Wang, Jiyong Gong, Roger Anderson, Xiaojie Sun
INTRODUCTION: Cancer has become the leading cause of death in China. Several knowledge gaps exist with respect to the patterns of cancer care and disparities in China. Chinese healthcare researchers do not have access to cancer research data of high quality. Only cancer incidence and mortality rates have been analysed in China while the patterns of cancer screening and treatment and disparities have not been rigorously examined. Potential disparities in cancer care by socioeconomic status have not been analysed in the previous literature...
2016: BMJ Open
Robin W Lindsay, Ryan George, Matthew E Herberg, Paula Jackson, Scott Brietzke
Importance: Nasal obstruction is a common chief concern; however, a comprehensive standardized worksheet for evaluating nasal obstruction has not been developed. Objective: To evaluate the interrater reliability between staff surgeons and otolaryngology residents using a worksheet-based standardized nasal examination and to identify specific examination findings correlated with the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation quality-of-life score. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study conducted from June to July 2012 involved 50 adults presenting to an otolaryngology clinic at a tertiary care hospital...
July 14, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Toshihide Kuroki, Makoto Ishitobi, Yoko Kamio, Genichi Sugihara, Toshiya Murai, Keisuke Motomura, Kazuyoshi Ogasawara, Hiroyuki Kimura, Branko Aleksic, Norio Ozaki, Tomohiro Nakao, Kazuo Yamada, Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi, Nobuo Kiriike, Toshio Ishikawa, Chiharu Kubo, Chiaki Matsunaga, Hisatsugu Miyata, Takashi Asada, Shigenobu Kanba
The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) was published in 2013, and its official Japanese version was published in 2014. The Japanese Government uses classifications from the 10th revision of the I nternational C lassification of D iseases (ICD-10) to categorize disorders and determine treatment fees. However, since the publication of the DSM-III, the use of the DSM system has become prevalent in research and educational settings in Japan. In addition to traditional psychiatry, both the ICD and the DSM are taught by many Japanese medical schools, and virtually all clinical research and trials refer to the DSM to define targeted disorders...
September 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Patricia A Bautista, Teofilo O L San Luis
While the introduction of radioactive tracers in the study of metabolic pathways has been well-documented in clinical thyroidology as early as 1924, the widespread utilization in other clinical specialties has been hampered by slow developments in radiation-detecting devices and in the production of appropriate radiopharmaceuticals, in addition to the morbid fear of radiation. In the Philippines, the first radioisotope laboratory was established in 1956. Ten years later, the Philippine Society of Nuclear Medicine was formed...
2016: Asia Ocean J Nucl Med Biol
Peter Abraham, Vincent J Cheung, Roland Lee, Jeffrey Scott Pannell, Mihir Gupta, Robert Rennert, Alexander Arash Khalessi
INTRODUCTION: Animal and in vitro studies have demonstrated histologic iatrogenic endothelial injury after stent-retriever thrombectomy. However, noncontrast vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have failed to demonstrate vessel injury. Our prospective study examines iatrogenic endothelial damage after stent-retriever thrombectomy in vivo utilizing high-resolution contrast-enhanced vessel wall MRI (VW-MRI). METHODS: We evaluated 11 patients, including postthrombectomy and control subjects, on a Signa HDx 3...
August 2016: Neurosurgery
Richard A Krasuski, Thomas M Bashore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2016: Circulation
Patricia A Parker, Smita C Banerjee, Matthew J Matasar, Carma L Bylund, Kara Franco, Yuelin Li, Tomer T Levin, Paul B Jacobsen, Alan B Astrow, Howard Leventhal, Steven Horwitz, David W Kissane
INTRODUCTION: Survivors of cancer often describe a sense of abandonment post-treatment, with heightened worry, uncertainty, fear of recurrence and limited understanding of what lies ahead. This study examines the efficacy of a communication skills training (CST) intervention to help physicians address survivorship issues and introduce a new consultation focused on the use of a survivorship care plan for patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Specifically, this randomised, 4-site trial will test the efficacy of a survivorship planning consultation (physicians receive CST and apply these skills in a new survivorship-focused office visit using a survivorship plan) with patients who have achieved complete remission after completion of first-line therapy versus a control arm in which physicians are trained to subsequently provide a time-controlled, manualised wellness rehabilitation consultation focused only on discussion of healthy nutrition and exercise as rehabilitation postchemotherapy...
2016: BMJ Open
Jordan M Brown, Elliot C Dickerson, Lee C Rabinowitz, Richard H Cohan, James H Ellis, John M Litell, Ravi K Kaza, Alexis N Lopez, Nikhil R Theyyunni, Joseph T Weber, Keith E Kocher, Matthew S Davenport
PURPOSE: To determine whether resident abdominopelvic CT reports considered prospectively concordant with the final interpretation are also considered concordant by other blinded specialists and abdominal radiologists. METHODS: In this institutional review board-approved retrospective cohort study, 119 randomly selected urgent abdominopelvic CT examinations with a resident preliminary report deemed prospectively "concordant" by the signing faculty were identified...
September 2016: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
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