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N-acetylaspartate AND glutamine

Shin-Eui Park, Nam-Gil Choi, Gwang-Woo Jeong
OBJECTIVE: Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) was used to evaluate metabolic changes in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHODS: In total, 14 OCD patients (mean age 28.9±7.2 years) and 14 healthy controls (mean age 32.6±7.1 years) with no history of neurological and psychiatric illness participated in this study. Brain metabolite concentrations were measured from a localised voxel on the right DLPFC using a 3-Tesla 1H-MRS...
October 17, 2016: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Simon J Schreiner, Thomas Kirchner, Michael Wyss, Jiri M G Van Bergen, Frances C Quevenco, Stefanie C Steininger, Erica Y Griffith, Irene Meier, Lars Michels, Anton F Gietl, Sandra E Leh, Adam M Brickman, Christoph Hock, Roger M Nitsch, Klaas P Pruessmann, Anke Henning, Paul G Unschuld
Low episodic memory performance characterizes elderly subjects at increased risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and may reflect neuronal dysfunction within the posterior cingulate cortex and precuneus (PCP) region. To investigate a potential association between cerebral neurometabolism and low episodic memory in the absence of cognitive impairment, tissue-specific magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging at ultrahigh field strength of 7 Tesla was used to investigate the PCP region in a healthy elderly study population (n = 30, age 70 ± 5...
August 31, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
Haiyun Xu, Handi Zhang, Jie Zhang, Qingjun Huang, Zhiwei Shen, Renhua Wu
Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) has been widely applied in human studies. There is now a large literature describing findings of brain MRS studies with mental disorder patients including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depressive disorder, and anxiety disorders. However, the findings are mixed and cannot be reconciled by any of the existing interpretations. Here we proposed the new theory of neuron-glia integrity to explain the findings of brain (1)H-MRS stuies. It proposed the neurochemical correlates of neuron-astrocyte integrity and axon-myelin integrity on the basis of update of neurobiological knowledge about neuron-glia communication and of experimental MRS evidence for impairments in neuron-glia integrity from the authors and the other investigators...
October 1, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
Angela Maria Amorini, Giacomo Lazzarino, Valentina Di Pietro, Stefano Signoretti, Giuseppe Lazzarino, Antonio Belli, Barbara Tavazzi
In this study, concentrations of free amino acids (FAA) and amino group containing compounds (AGCC) following graded diffuse traumatic brain injury (mild TBI, mTBI; severe TBI, sTBI) were evaluated. After 6, 12, 24, 48 and 120 hr aspartate (Asp), glutamate (Glu), asparagine (Asn), serine (Ser), glutamine (Gln), histidine (His), glycine (Gly), threonine (Thr), citrulline (Cit), arginine (Arg), alanine (Ala), taurine (Tau), γ-aminobutyrate (GABA), tyrosine (Tyr), S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH), l-cystathionine (l-Cystat), valine (Val), methionine (Met), tryptophane (Trp), phenylalanine (Phe), isoleucine (Ile), leucine (Leu), ornithine (Orn), lysine (Lys), plus N-acetylaspartate (NAA) were determined in whole brain extracts (n = 6 rats at each time for both TBI levels)...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Burç Aydin, Ayşegül Yurt, Necati Gökmen, Perry Renshaw, David Olson, Ayşegül Yildiz
BACKGROUND: Neurochemical changes are responsible for bipolar disorder (BD) pathophysiology. Despite current progress in BD research, mood- and trait-related alterations in BD continue to elicit further investigation. METHODS: In this study, we report a longitudinal proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy study evaluating dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (DMPFC) metabolites N-acetylaspartate (NAA), creatine plus phosphocreatine (total creatine [tCr]), phosphorylcholine plus glycerophosphocholine, myo-inositol, and glutamate plus glutamine levels of manic and euthymic adult BD type I patients (n=48) treated with standard antimanic medicines, compared to matching healthy controls (n=44)...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Dorothea Obert, Gunther Helms, Muriel B Sättler, Klaus Jung, Benedikt Kretzschmar, Mathias Bähr, Peter Dechent, Ricarda Diem, Katharina Hein
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) provides the unique ability to monitor several disease-related pathological processes via their characteristic metabolic markers in vivo. In the present study metabolic compositions were assessed every six months over the period of two years in 36 patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) including 21 relapsing-remitting (RR), 15 secondary progressive (SP) patients and 12 normal subjects. The concentrations of the main MRS-detectable metabolites N-acetylaspartate and N-acetylaspartylglutamate (tNAA), creatine and phosphocreatine (tCr), choline containing compounds (Cho), myo-Inositol (Ins), glutamine and glutamate (Glx) and their ratios were calculated in the normal appearing white matter (NAWM) and in selected non-enhancing white matter (WM) lesions...
2016: PloS One
Julián Benito-León, Elan D Louis, Virginia Mato-Abad, Ulrike Dydak, Juan Álvarez-Linera, Juan Antonio Hernández-Tamames, José Antonio Molina-Arjona, Norberto Malpica, Michele Matarazzo, Juan Pablo Romero, Álvaro Sánchez-Ferro
The pathogenesis of orthostatic tremor (OT) remains unclear, although some evidence points to dysfunction in the brainstem or cerebellum. We used single voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) (3 T) to investigate whether neurochemical changes underlie abnormal cerebellar or cortical function in OT. Fourteen OT patients and 14 healthy controls underwent 1H-MRS studies with voxels placed in midparietal gray matter and cerebellum (vermis and central white matter). Spectral analysis was analyzed using the software package LCModel (version 6...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
L Su, A M Blamire, R Watson, J He, L Hayes, J T O'Brien
Magnetic resonance spectroscopy has demonstrated metabolite changes in neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB); however, their pattern and relationship to clinical symptoms is unclear. To determine whether the spatial patterns of brain-metabolite changes in AD and DLB are regional or diffused, and to examine whether the key metabolite levels are associated with cognitive and non-cognitive symptoms, we acquired whole-brain spatially resolved 3T magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) data from subjects with AD (N=36), DLB (N=35) and similarly aged controls (N=35)...
August 30, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
Juan R Bustillo, Thomas Jones, Hongji Chen, Nicholas Lemke, Christopher Abbott, Clifford Qualls, Shannon Stromberg, Jose Canive, Charles Gasparovic
Glutamine plus glutamate (Glx), as well as N-acetylaspartate compounds (NAAc, N-acetylaspartate plus N-acetyl-aspartyl-glutamate), a marker of neuronal viability, can be quantified with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS). We used (1)H-MRS imaging to assess Glx and NAAc, as well as total-choline (glycerophospho-choline plus phospho-choline), myo-inositol and total-creatine (creatine plus phosphocreatine) from an axial supraventricular slab of gray matter (GM, medial-frontal and medial-parietal) and white matter (WM, bilateral-frontal and bilateral-parietal) voxels...
August 22, 2016: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Dominique Endres, Ludger Tebartz van Elst, Bernd Feige, Stephan Backenecker, Kathrin Nickel, Anna Bubl, Thomas Lange, Irina Mader, Simon Maier, Evgeniy Perlov
In neuropsychiatric research, the aspects of sex have received increasing attention over the past decade. With regard to the neurometabolic differences in the prefrontal cortex and the cerebellum of both men and women, we performed a magnetic resonance spectroscopic (MRS) study of a large group of healthy subjects. For neurometabolic measurements, we used single-voxel proton MRS. The voxels of interest (VOI) were placed in the pregenual anterior cingulate cortex (pACC) and the left cerebellar hemisphere. Absolute quantification of creatine (Cre), total choline (t-Cho), glutamate and glutamine (Glx), N-acetylaspartate, and myo-inositol (mI) was performed...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Sushanta Kumar Mishra, Poonam Rana, Subash Khushu, Gurudutta Gangenahalli
: : Improved therapeutic assessment of experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI), using mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), would immensely benefit its therapeutic management. Neurometabolite patterns at injury site, measured with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) after MSCs transplantation, may serve as a bio-indicator of the recovery mechanism. This study used in vivo magnetic resonance imaging and 1H-MRS to evaluate the therapeutic prospects of implanted MSCs at injury site in experimental mice longitudinally up to 21 days...
August 8, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Nuno M P de Matos, Lukas Meier, Michael Wyss, Dieter Meier, Andreas Gutzeit, Dominik A Ettlin, Mike Brügger
The current report assessed measurement reproducibility of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy at 3 Tesla in the left and right posterior insular, pregenual anterior cingulate, and anterior midcingulate cortices. Ten healthy male volunteers aged 21-30 years were tested at four different days, of which nine were included in the data analysis. Intra- and inter-subject variability of myo-inositol, creatine, glutamate, total-choline, total-N-acetylaspartate, and combined glutamine-glutamate were calculated considering the influence of movement parameters, age, daytime of measurements, and tissue composition...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Devender Bairwa, Virendra Kumar, Surabhi Vyas, Bimal Kumar Das, Achal Kumar Srivastava, Ravinder M Pandey, Surendra K Sharma, Naranamangalam R Jagannathan, Sanjeev Sinha
BACKGROUND: In vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) studies on brain in HIV infected patients have shown significant alteration in neuro-biochemicals. METHODS: In this study, we measured the neuro-biochemical metabolites from the left frontal white matter (FWM) and left basal ganglia (BG) caudate head nucleus in 71 subjects that include 30 healthy controls, 20 asymptomatic HIV and 21 HIV patients with CNS lesion. Proton MR spectra were acquired at 3 T MRI system and the concentration (institutional units) of tNAA (N-acetylaspartate, NAA + N-acetylaspartylglutamate, NAAG), tCr (Creatine, Cr + phosphocreatine, PCr), choline containing compounds (tCho), glutamate + glutamine (Glx) and lipid and macromolecules at 0...
2016: BMC Neurology
Andrés Labiano-Fontcuberta, Virginia Mato-Abad, Juan Álvarez-Linera, Juan Antonio Hernández-Tamames, María Luisa Martínez-Ginés, Yolanda Aladro, Lucía Ayuso, Ángela Domingo-Santos, Julián Benito-León
To date, it remains largely unknown whether there is in radiologically isolated syndrome (RIS) brain damage beyond visible T2 white matter lesions. We used single- voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and diffusion tensor imaging (3 T MRI) to analyze normal-appearing brain tissue regions in 18 RIS patients and 18 matched healthy controls. T2-hyperintense lesion volumes and structural brain volumes were also measured. The absolute metabolite concentrations and ratios of total N-acetylaspartate+N-acetylaspartyl glutamate (NAA), choline-containing compounds, myoinositol, and glutamine-glutamate complex to creatine were calculated...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Dieter Henrik Heiland, Irina Mader, Pascal Schlosser, Dietmar Pfeifer, Maria Stella Carro, Thomas Lange, Ralf Schwarzwald, Ioannis Vasilikos, Horst Urbach, Astrid Weyerbrock
The goal of this study was to identify correlations between metabolites from proton MR spectroscopy and genetic pathway activity in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Twenty patients with primary GBM were analysed by short echo-time chemical shift imaging and genome-wide expression analyses. Weighed Gene Co-Expression Analysis was used for an integrative analysis of imaging and genetic data. N-acetylaspartate, normalised to the contralateral healthy side (nNAA), was significantly correlated to oligodendrocytic and neural development...
2016: Scientific Reports
A-L Lin, D Powell, A Caban-Holt, G Jicha, W Robertson, B T Gold, R Davis, E Abner, D M Wilcock, F A Schmitt, E Head
To determine if proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) detect differences in dementia status in adults with Down syndrome (DS), we used (1)H-MRS to measure neuronal and glial metabolites in the posterior cingulate cortex in 22 adults with DS and in 15 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. We evaluated associations between (1)H-MRS results and cognition among DS participants. Neuronal biomarkers, including N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and glutamate-glutamine complex (Glx), were significantly lower in DS patients with Alzheimer's should probably be changed to Alzheimer (without ' or s) through ms as per the new naming standard disease (DSAD) when compared to non-demented DS (DS) and healthy controls (CTL)...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
Stephanie Njau, Shantanu H Joshi, Randall Espinoza, Amber M Leaver, Megha Vasavada, Antonio Marquina, Roger P Woods, Katherine L Narr
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a highly effective brain stimulation treatment for severe depression. Identifying neurochemical changes linked with ECT may point to biomarkers and predictors of successful treatment response. METHODS: We used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) to measure longitudinal changes in glutamate/glutamine (Glx), creatine (Cre), choline (Cho) and N-acetylaspartate (NAA) in the dorsal (dACC) and subgenual anterior cingulate cortex (sgACC) and bilateral hippocampus in patients receiving ECT scanned at baseline, after the second ECT session and after the ECT treatment series...
June 21, 2016: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
Paul W Jones, Michael R Borich, Irene Vavsour, Alex Mackay, Lara A Boyd
BACKGROUND: Hemiparesis is one of the most prevalent chronic disabilities after stroke. Biochemical and structural magnetic resonance imaging approaches may be employed to study the neural substrates underpinning upper-extremity (UE) recovery after chronic stroke. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to 1) quantify anatomical and metabolic differences in the precentral gyrus, and 2) test the relationships between anatomical and metabolic differences, and hemiparetic arm function in individuals in the chronic stage of stroke recovery...
September 21, 2016: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Zhilei Yang, Yajing Zhu, Zhenhua Song, Li Mei, Jianye Zhang, Tianyi Chen, Yingchan Wang, Yifeng Xu, Kaida Jiang, Yao Li, Dengtang Liu
BACKGROUND: Abnormality in the concentration and functioning of gamma-aminobutyric acid (γ-aminobutyric acid, GABA) in the brain is not only an important hypothetical link to the cause of schizophrenia but it may also be correlated with the cognitive decline and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Studies utilizing high field magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) report abnormal density of GABA in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) of patients with chronic schizophrenia, but these results may be confounded by study participants' prior use of antipsychotic medications...
December 25, 2015: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
Michelle L Wynn, Joel A Yates, Charles R Evans, Lauren D Van Wassenhove, Zhi Fen Wu, Sydney Bridges, Liwei Bao, Chelsea Fournier, Sepideh Ashrafzadeh, Matthew J Merrins, Leslie S Satin, Santiago Schnell, Charles F Burant, Sofia D Merajver
Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is an extremely lethal cancer that rapidly metastasizes. Although the molecular attributes of IBC have been described, little is known about the underlying metabolic features of the disease. Using a variety of metabolic assays, including (13)C tracer experiments, we found that SUM149 cells, the primary in vitro model of IBC, exhibit metabolic abnormalities that distinguish them from other breast cancer cells, including elevated levels of N-acetylaspartate, a metabolite primarily associated with neuronal disorders and gliomas...
June 24, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
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