Read by QxMD icon Read

mouse testis

Thierry Buchou, Minjia Tan, Sophie Barral, Anne-Laure Vitte, Sophie Rousseaux, Juan Arechaga, Saadi Khochbin
Isolation of pools of spermatogenic cells at specific developmental stages is essential for the investigations of molecular events controlling critical transitions during spermatogenesis. Large-scale cell purification techniques allow for combined proteomics, genomics, and transcriptomics studies. Herein, we describe a procedure for the purification of meiotic and post-meiotic male germ cells from adult mouse testes. We also describe how the fractionated cell populations could be used for further studies. In our laboratory, these protocols are routinely used to specifically investigate the molecular basis of histone acetylation/acylation-driven epigenetic programming...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Kangwook Lee, Sung-Gook Cho, Sang-Mi Woo, Ah Jeong Kim, Kang Min Lee, Ho Yeon Go, Seung-Ho Sun, Tae-Hun Kim, Ki-Yong Jung, You-Kyung Choi, Eun Mee Lim, Yun-Kyung Song, Jong-Hyeong Park, Chan-Yong Jun, Seong-Gyu Ko
Danggui-Sayuk-Ga-Osuyu-Senggang-Tang (DSGOST), one of the traditional Chinese medicines, has long been prescribed for patients suffering from Raynaud phenomenon (RP) in Northeast Asian countries, including China, Japan and Korea. Although a previous in vitro study from our laboratory revealed that DSGOST prevents cold (25˚C)‑induced RhoA activation and endothelin‑1 (ET‑1) production in endothelial cells (ECs), the mechanisms by which DSGOST is able to alleviate the symptoms of RP have yet to be fully elucidated...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Takamasa Hirano, Hidetoshi Hasuwa, Haruhiko Siomi
The mouse testis has served as a popular model system to study a wide range of biological processes, including germ cell development, meiosis, epigenetic changes of chromatin, transposon silencing, and small RNA-mediated epigenetic modifications. PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are a class of small RNAs that are almost exclusively expressed in animal gonads. They repress transposons by forming effector complexes with PIWI proteins to maintain genome integrity of the germline. Here we describe detailed procedures of how to produce monoclonal antibodies against a mouse nuclear PIWI protein, MIWI2, which functions in de novo DNA methylation of target transposon loci...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Gina M Aloisio, Ileana Cuevas, Yuji Nakada, Christopher G Peña, Diego H Castrillon
The precise identity of spermatogonial stem cells-the germline stem cell of the adult testis-remains a controversial topic. Technical limitations have included the lack of specific markers and methods for lineage tracing of Asingle spermatogonia and their subsets. Immunolocalization of proteins in tissue sections has been a standard tool for the in situ identification and visualization of rare cellular subsets. However, these studies are limited by the need for faithful and reliable protein markers to define these cell types, as well as the availability of specific antibodies to these markers...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Kazadi Mutoji, Anukriti Singh, Thu Nguyen, Heidi Gildersleeve, Amy V Kaucher, Melissa J Oatley, Jon M Oatley, Ellen K Velte, Chris B Geyer, Keren Cheng, John R McCarrey, Brian P Hermann
Precise separation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) from progenitor spermatogonia that lack stem cell activity and are committed to differentiation remains a challenge. To distinguish between these spermatogonial subtypes, we identified genes that exhibited bimodal mRNA levels at the single cell level among undifferentiated spermatogonia from the Postnatal Day 6 (P6) mouse testis, including Tspan8, Epha2 and Pvr, each of which encode cell-surface proteins useful for cell selection. Transplantation studies provided definitive evidence that a TSPAN8-high subpopulation is enriched for SSCs...
October 12, 2016: Biology of Reproduction
R Kumar Pramod, Bo Ram Lee, Young Min Kim, Hong Jo Lee, Young Hyun Park, Tamao Ono, Jeong Mook Lim, Jae Yong Han
We reported previously testis-mediated germline chimera production and characterization of germline stem cell-like cells from chicken testes. The present study aimed to establish an in vitro system for culture of quail spermatogonia stem cells (SSCs) for practical applications in germline preservation and transgenesis. Testicular cells from juvenile (4 weeks old) or adult (8 weeks old) quail testis were isolated using sequential enzymatic digestion. The percentages of viability of isolated testicular cells were 91...
October 5, 2016: Stem Cells and Development
Wern-Joo Sohn, Jae-Young Kim, Dongbum Kim, Jeong-A Park, Younghee Lee, Hyung-Joo Kwon
Transmembrane and coiled-coil domain family 3 (TMCC3) has been reported to be expressed in the human brain; however, its function is still unknown. Here, we found that expression of TMCC3 is higher in human whole brain, testis and spinal cord compared to other human tissues. TMCC3 was expressed in mouse developing hind brain, lung, kidney and somites, with strongest expression in the mesenchyme of developing tongue. By expression of recombinant TMCC3 and its deletion mutants, we found that TMCC3 proteins self-assemble to oligomerize...
September 29, 2016: BMB Reports
Ripla Arora, Diana J Laird
Sertoli cells in the adult testis serve a secretory function and have a key structural role in the blood testis barrier (BTB). The BTB prevents meiotic spermatocytes from entering the blood and mounting an immune response. Spermatogonial maturation proceeds from the periphery of the seminiferous tubules towards the lumen, while maintaining constant contact with Sertoli cells. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
October 3, 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Weiyi Zhang, Yuanyuan Shao, Yinghe Qin, Yingjie Wu
Heat shock factors (HSFs) are critical regulators of spermatogenesis. However, heat shock responses, the associated components and the underlying functional mechanisms remain to be elucidated. Here, we characterize the expression pattern of HSFY, a member of the HSF family in the testis and epididymis. Its expression in testis and epididymis was initially identified by western blots. Immunofluorescence staining demonstrated that HSFY was confined to the cytoplasm of late spermatocytes and spermatids in adult testes, gonocytes in newborn testes and undifferentiated spermatogonia in 7 days post-parturition testes...
September 30, 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Lavanya Pothana, Lalitha Devi, Naresh Kumar Venna, Niharika Pentakota, Vivek Phani Varma, Jedy Jose, Sandeep Goel
Cryopreservation of immature testis is a feasible approach for germplasm preservation of male animals. Combinations of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and foetal bovine serum (FBS) are used for testis cryopreservation. However, an alternative to FBS is needed, because FBS is expensive. Buffalo ocular fluid (BuOF), a slaughter house by-product, could be an economical option. The objective of the present study was to assess whether BuOF can replace FBS for cryopreservation of immature mouse (Mus musculus), rat (Rattus norvegicus), and buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) testes...
September 28, 2016: Cryobiology
Ting Gong, Quan-Wei Wei, Da-Gan Mao, Kentaro Nagaoka, Gen Watanabe, Kazuyoshi Taya, Fang-Xiong Shi
Saccharin sodium consumption is considered safe and beneficial owing to its highly intense sweetness without any associated calories, yet supporting scientific data remain sparse and controversial. Herein, we demonstrated that dose-response relationships existed for with regard to administration of saccharin or sucrose to mice for 35 days, and this association involved testis- expressed sweet-tasting molecules (taste receptor type 1 subunit 3, T1R3; G protein alpha-gustducin, G-alpha). Mouse body weights and testis weights in middle- and low-dose saccharin-treated groups were increased with up-expressions of molecules involved in testicular sweet taste and steroidogenic (middle saccharin: steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, StAR; P450 cholesterol side chain cleavage enzyme, CYP11A1; 17-alpha-Hydroxylase/C17,20-lyase, CYP17A1; low saccharin: StAR)...
September 28, 2016: Biology of Reproduction
Glenn Regnier, Elke Bocksteins, Waleed F Marei, Isabel Pintelon, Jean-Pierre Timmermans, Jo L M R Leroy, Dirk J Snyders
Electrically silent voltage-gated potassium (KvS) channel subunits (i.e. Kv5-Kv6 and Kv8-Kv9) do not form functional homotetrameric Kv channels, but co-assemble with Kv2 subunits, generating functional heterotetrameric Kv2--KvS channel complexes in which the KvS subunits modulate the Kv2 channel properties. Several KvS subunits are expressed in testis tissue but knowledge about their contribution to testis physiology is lacking. Here, we report that the targeted deletion of Kv6.4 in a transgenic mouse model (Kcng4-/-) causes male sterility as offspring from homozygous females were only obtained after mating with wild-type (WT) or heterozygous males...
September 28, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Diego F Cobice, Dawn E W Livingstone, C Logan Mackay, Richard J A Goodwin, Lee B Smith, Brian R Walker, Ruth Andrew
Androgens are essential for male development and reproductive function. They are transported to their site of action as blood-borne endocrine hormones but can also be produced within tissues to act in intracrine and paracrine fashions. Because of this, circulating concentrations may not accurately reflect the androgenic influence within specific tissue microenvironments. Mass spectrometry imaging permits regional analysis of small molecular species directly from tissue surfaces. However, due to poor ionization and localized ion suppression, steroid hormones are difficult to detect...
October 14, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Xinguo You, Huiping Li, Lu Wei, Shutong Fan, Xiaoying Liu, Limei Chen, Zhifang Pan, Weiguo Feng
Objective To investigate the expression of zinc finger protein 185 (ZNF185) in the sperm cells, Leydig cells and Sertoli cells of the mouse testis. Methods The localization of ZNF185 in the sperm cells, Leydig cells, Sertoli cells and mouse testis tissue was detected by immunofluorescence assay. The mRNA and protein expression levels of ZNF185 in the three kinds of cells were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting. Results Immunofluorescence assay showed that ZNF185 was expressed in sperm cells, Leydig cells and Sertoli cells, furthermore, ZNF185 was mainly distributed in the cytoplasm of Leydig cells and Sertoli cells, as well as the head and tail of sperm cells...
October 2016: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Sandhya Anand, Deepa Bhartiya, Kalpana Sriraman, Alpna Mallick
Very small embryonic-like stem cells (VSELs) exist among spermatogonial stem cells and survive chemotherapy in both mice and human testes because of their relatively quiescent nature. Our earlier study revealed that inter-tubular transplantation of niche (Sertoli or bone marrow derived mesenchymal) cells can restore spermatogenesis from endogenous surviving VSELs. Present study was undertaken to delineate the effect of busulphan on testicular stem/germ/Sertoli cells and to comprehend the underlying mechanisms of how transplanted niche cells restore spermatogenesis...
September 23, 2016: Stem Cell Reviews
Yan Li, Kyosuke Kobayashi, Marwa M Mona, Chikako Satomi, Shinji Okano, Hiroyuki Inoue, Kenzaburo Tani, Atsushi Takahashi
BACKGROUND: FEAT is an intracellular protein that potently drives tumorigenesis in vivo. It is only weakly expressed in normal human tissues, including the testis. In contrast, FEAT is aberrantly upregulated in most human cancers. The present study was designed to investigate whether FEAT is applicable to tumor immunotherapy and whether FEAT is discernible in the bloodstream as a molecular biomarker of human cancers. METHODS: Two mouse FEAT peptides with predicted affinities for major histocompatibility complex H-2Kb and H-2Db were injected subcutaneously into C57BL/6 mice before subcutaneous transplantation of isogenic B16-F10 melanoma cells...
2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Yuanchao Cao, Xinsheng Wang, Shenqian Li, Hongqiang Wang, Lei Yu, Peitao Wang
In order to explore the possibility of L-carnitine (LC) as a protector of male fertility in chemotherapy, we observed the damage of cyclophosphamide (CTX) to Sertoli cells and the protective effect of LC on the testis Sertoli cells from such damage in this study. Healthy adult male mice were divided into three groups. Chemotherapy group were injected intraperitoneally with the CTX; Protective agent group were injected both LC and CTX; Control group mice were injected only with isochoric physiological saline; all once a day for 5 days...
September 21, 2016: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Ryusuke Nakajima, Hideyuki Okano, Toshiaki Noce
Jmjd1C is one of the Jmjd1 family genes that encode putative demethylases against histone H3K9 and non-histone proteins and has been proven to play an indispensable role in mouse spermatogenesis. Here, we analyzed a newly-bred transgenic mouse strain carrying a Jmjd1C loss-of-function allele in which a β-geo cassette was integrated into the intron of the Jmjd1C locus. Jmjd1C gene-trap homozygous testes exhibited malformations in postmeiotic processes and a deficiency in the long-term maintenance of undifferentiated spermatogonia...
2016: PloS One
Ho-Geun Kwak, Naoshi Dohmae
RATIONALE: Post-translational modifications (PTMs) of histones result in changes to transcriptional activities and chromatin remodeling. Lysine 9 of histone H3 (H3K9) is subject to PTMs, such as methylation and acetylation, which influence histone activity during spermatogenesis. Characterization strategies for studying PTMs on H3K9 have been developed to provide epigenetic and proteomic information. Proteomic analysis has been used to limited success to study PTMs on H3K9; however, a comprehensive analytical approach is required to elucidate global patterns of PTMs of H3 variants during spermatogenesis...
September 19, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Lauren J Donoghue, Thomas I Neufeld, Yin Li, Yukitomo Arao, Laurel A Coons, Kenneth S Korach
BACKGROUND: Endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) are suspected of altering estrogenic signaling through estrogen receptor (ER) α or β (mERβ1 in mice). Several EDC effects have been reported in animal studies and extrapolated to human studies. Unlike humans, rodents express a novel isoform of ERβ (mERβ2) with a modified ligand binding domain sequence. EDC activity through this isoform remains uncharacterized. OBJECTIVES: We identified the expression pattern of mERβ2 in mouse tissues and assessed the estrogenic activity of EDCs through mERβ2...
September 16, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"