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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315349/diethylstilbestrol-induces-oxidative-dna-damage-resulting-in-apoptosis-of-spermatogonial-stem-cells-in-vitro
#1
Khaled Habas, Martin H Brinkworth, Diana Anderson
The spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are the only germline stem cells in adults that are responsible for the transmission of genetic information from mammals to the next generation. SSCs play a very important role in the maintenance of progression of spermatogenesis and help provide an understanding of the reproductive biology of future gametes and a strategy for diagnosis and treatment of infertility and male reproductive toxicity. Androgens/oestrogens are very important for the suitable maintenance of male germ cells...
March 14, 2017: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298247/tissue-specific-inhibition-of-urokinase-type-plasminogen-activator-expression-in-the-testes-of-mice-by-inducible-lentiviral-rna-interference-causes-male-infertility
#2
Kai Zhao, Yan Liu, Zhe Xiong, Lian Hu, Cheng-Liang Xiong
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) is involved in many physiological processes, including male infertility. To explore the effects of uPA in male reproduction, we constructed an inducible uPA short hairpin RNA (shRNA) system expressed by lentiviral vectors. After proving inhibition of uPA expression in the mouse Sertoli cell line TM4 by 1μgmL-1 doxycycline (Dox), two lentivirus (pLenti4-shRNA and pLenti6/TR) were co-microinjected into mouse testes to produce TetR&shuPA mice model. Though oral gavage by 0...
March 16, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291811/systematic-identification-and-characterization-of-long-non-coding-rnas-in-mouse-mature-sperm
#3
Xiaoning Zhang, Fengxin Gao, Jianbo Fu, Peng Zhang, Yuqing Wang, Xuhui Zeng
Increasing studies have shown that mature spermatozoa contain many transcripts including mRNAs and miRNAs. However, the expression profile of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in mammalian sperm has not been systematically investigated. Here, we used highly purified RNA to investigate lncRNA expression profiles in mouse mature sperm by stranded-specific RNA-seq. We identified 20,907 known and 4,088 novel lncRNAs transcripts, and the existence of intact lncRNAs was confirmed by RT-PCR and fluorescence in situ hybridization on two representative lncRNAs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290521/ndrg3-gene-regulates-dsb-repair-during-meiosis-through-modulation-the-erk-signal-pathway-in-the-male-germ-cells
#4
Hongjie Pan, Xuan Zhang, Hanwei Jiang, Xiaohua Jiang, Liu Wang, Qi Qi, Yuan Bi, Jian Wang, Qinghua Shi, Runsheng Li
The N-myc downstream regulated gene (NDRG) family consists of 4 members, NDRG-1, -2, -3, -4. Physiologically, we found Ndrg3, a critical gene which led to homologous lethality in the early embryo development, regulated the male meiosis in mouse. The expression of Ndrg3 was enhanced specifically in germ cells, and reached its peak level in the pachytene stage spermatocyte. Haplo-insufficiency of Ndrg3 gene led to sub-infertility during the male early maturation. In the Ndrg3(+/-) germ cells, some meiosis events such as DSB repair and synaptonemal complex formation were impaired...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289178/proteome-wide-mapping-of-endogenous-sumoylation-sites-in-mouse-testis
#5
Lili Cai, Jun Tu, Lei Song, Zhihua Gao, Kai Li, Yunzhi Wang, Yang Liu, Fan Zhong, Rui Ge, Jun Qin, Chen Ding, Fuchu He
SUMOylation is a reversible post-translational modification involved in various critical biological processes. To date, there is limited approach for endogenous wild-type SUMO-modified peptides enrichment and SUMOylation sites identification. In this study, we generated a high-affinity SUMO1 antibody to facilitate the enrichment of endogenous SUMO1-modified peptides from Trypsin/Lys-C protease digestion. Following secondary Glu-C protease digestion, we identified 53 high-confidence SUMO1-modified sites from mouse testis by using high-resolution mass spectrometry...
March 13, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283003/bacterial-magnetic-particles-improve-testes-mediated-transgene-efficiency-in-mice
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Chao Wang, Guanghong Sun, Ye Wang, Nana Kong, Yafei Chi, Leilei Yang, Qiliang Xin, Zhen Teng, Xu Wang, Yujun Wen, Ying Li, Guoliang Xia
Nano-scaled materials have been proved to be ideal DNA carriers for transgene. Bacterial magnetic particles (BMPs) help to reduce the toxicity of polyethylenimine (PEI), an efficient gene-transferring agent, and assist tissue transgene ex vivo. Here, the effectiveness of the BMP-PEI complex-conjugated foreign DNAs (BPDs) in promoting testes-mediated gene transfer (TMGT) in mouse was compared with that of liposome-conjugated foreign DNAs. The results proved that through testes injection, the clusters of BPDs successfully reached the cytoplasm and the nuclear of spermatogenesis cell, and expressed in testes of transgene founder mice...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278534/transcription-and-splicing-factor-tdp-43-role-in-regulation-of-gene-expression-in-testis
#7
Prabhakara P Reddi
TDP-43 (TAR DNA binding Protein of 43 kD) is a transcription factor and RNA-binding protein with diverse functions. We cloned TDP-43 from the mouse testis in a screen for promoter-binding proteins and showed that it functions as a transcriptional repressor. TDP-43 plays a role in maintaining the precise pattern of spatiotemporal expression of the spermatid-specific Acrv1 gene during spermatogenesis by facilitating RNA polymerase II pausing at the promoter. We also showed that TDP-43 plays a partial role in preventing somatic cell expression of the Acrv1 gene by acting as an insulator-binding protein...
March 2017: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267506/inhibition-of-acrolein-induced-autophagy-and-apoptosis-by-a-glycosaminoglycan-from-sepia-esculenta-ink-in-mouse-leydig-cells
#8
Yi-Peng Gu, Xiao-Mei Yang, Ping Luo, Yan-Qun Li, Ye-Xing Tao, Zhen-Hua Duan, Wei Xiao, Da-Yan Zhang, Hua-Zhong Liu
In our recent reports, a squid ink polysaccharide (SIP) was found having preventive activity against cyclophosphamide induced damage in mouse testis and ovary. Here we further reveal the regulative mechanism of SIP against chemical toxicity on testis. Leydig cells exposed to acrolein (ACR) underwent apoptosis at 12h and 24h. Before apoptosis, cells occurred autophagy that was confirmed by high autophagic rate and Beclin-1 protein content at 3h. PI3K/Akt and p38 MAPK signal pathways involved in the regulatory mechanisms...
May 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264506/plasma-membrane-na%C3%A2-%C2%BA-coupled-citrate-transporter-slc13a5-and-neonatal-epileptic-encephalopathy
#9
REVIEW
Yangzom D Bhutia, Jonathan J Kopel, John J Lawrence, Volker Neugebauer, Vadivel Ganapathy
SLC13A5 is a Na⁺-coupled transporter for citrate that is expressed in the plasma membrane of specific cell types in the liver, testis, and brain. It is an electrogenic transporter with a Na⁺:citrate(3-) stoichiometry of 4:1. In humans, the Michaelis constant for SLC13A5 to transport citrate is ~600 μM, which is physiologically relevant given that the normal concentration of citrate in plasma is in the range of 150-200 μM. Li⁺ stimulates the transport function of human SLC13A5 at concentrations that are in the therapeutic range in patients on lithium therapy...
February 28, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254491/ezh1-in-germ-cells-safeguards-the-function-of-prc2-during-spermatogenesis
#10
Weipeng Mu, Joshua Starmer, Yoichiro Shibata, Della Yee, Terry Magnuson
We previously reported the requirement of Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) for spermatogenesis through transcriptional repression of somatic genes and meiosis-specific genes. To characterize how PRC2's two methyltransferase subunits, EZH1 and EZH2, regulate histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27) methylation during germ cell development, we generated mouse models with a germline ablation of EZH1 and/or EHZ2. Only the combined loss of EZH1 and EZH2 caused a depletion of global H3K27me3 marks and meiotic arrest in spermatocytes...
February 27, 2017: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251288/rnai-as-a-tool-to-control-the-sex-ratio-of-mouse-offspring-by-interrupting-zfx-zfy-genes-in-the-testis
#11
YongSheng Zhang, JiFeng Xi, Bin Jia, XiangZu Wang, XuHai Wang, ChaoCheng Li, YaQiang Li, XianCun Zeng, RuiWen Ying, Xin Li, Song Jiang, FangYuan Yuan
The objective of this study was to explore a novel method to alter the sex-ratio balance of mouse offspring by silencing the paralogous genes Zfx/Zfy (Zinc finger X/Y-chromosomal transcription factor gene) during spermatogenesis. Four recombined vectors PRZ1, PRZ2, PRZ3, and PRZ4 (RNAi-Ready-pSIREN-RetroQ-ZsGreen) were constructed for interrupting the Zfx gene. Additionally, a recombined vector Psilencer/Zfy-shRNA was constructed for interrupting the Zfy gene. Male mice were randomly divided into 8 groups, with 20 animals per group...
March 1, 2017: Mammalian Genome: Official Journal of the International Mammalian Genome Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239382/mouse-testicular-cell-type-specific-antiviral-response-against-mumps-virus-replication
#12
Han Wu, Xiang Zhao, Fei Wang, Qian Jiang, Lili Shi, Maolei Gong, Weihua Liu, Bo Gao, Chengyi Song, Qihan Li, Yongmei Chen, Daishu Han
Mumps virus (MuV) infection has high tropism to the testis and usually leads to orchitis, an etiological factor in male infertility. However, MuV replication in testicular cells and the cellular antiviral responses against MuV are not fully understood. The present study showed that MuV infected the majority of testicular cells, including Leydig cells (LC), testicular macrophages, Sertoli cells (SC), and male germ cells (GC). MuV was replicated at relatively high efficiencies in SC compared with LC and testicular macrophages...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229966/extra-oviductal-expression-of-oviductal-glycoprotein-1-in-mouse-detection-in-testis-epididymis-and-ovary
#13
Saniya Laheri, Deepak Modi, Purvi Bhatt
Oviductal glycoprotein 1 (OVGP1), also called oviductin, is an oviduct-specific protein and is suggested to play a role in fertilization. Traditionally, Ovgp1 has been shown to be exclusively expressed by the oviduct; however, recent studies have demonstrated its expression in some cancers. This observation led us to hypothesize that Ovgp1 might have some extra-oviductal expression. In the current study, we evaluated the mRNA and protein expression of Ovgp1 in normal reproductive tissues of male and female mice...
March 2017: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215680/production-of-sperm-from-porcine-fetal-testicular-tissue-after-cryopreservation-and-grafting-into-nude-mice
#14
Hiroyuki Kaneko, Kazuhiro Kikuchi, Nguyen Thi Men, Michiko Nakai, Junko Noguchi, Naomi Kashiwazaki, Junya Ito
A major goal of testicular xenografting is to salvage germ cells from immature animals that cannot be used for reproduction and generate their offspring. In this study, we investigated whether porcine fetal testicular tissue would acquire the ability to produce sperm with full developmental competence after they had been cryopreserved and grafted into nude mice. Testicular fragments from fetuses at 35, 55 and 90 days postartificial insemination (dpi) were vitrified and stored in liquid nitrogen. Immediately after warming, testicular fragments at each fetal stage were transplanted under the back skin of castrated nude mice (Crlj:CD1-Foxn1(nu)) (35-, 55- and 90-dpi groups, respectively) (day 0 = grafting)...
March 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214591/hyperglycemia-is-associated-with-reduced-testicular-function-and-activin-dysregulation-in-the-ins2-akita-mouse-model-of-type-1-diabetes
#15
Constanze C Maresch, Dina C Stute, Helen Ludlow, Hans-Peter Hammes, David M de Kretser, Mark P Hedger, Thomas Linn
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is associated with subfertility in men. We hypothesised that this results from inhibitory effects of chronic hyperglycemia on testicular function and used the Ins2(Akita+/-) mouse model to investigate this. Diabetic mice exhibited progressive testicular dysfunction, with a 30% reduction in testis weight at 24 weeks of age. Diabetic mice showed significantly reduced seminiferous tubule diameters and increased spermatogenic disruption, although testes morphology appeared grossly normal. Unexpectedly, serum LH and intra-testicular testosterone were similar in all groups...
February 16, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214373/improved-detection-of-zika-virus-rna-in-human-and-animal-specimens-by-a-novel-highly-sensitive-and-specific-real-time-rt-pcr-assay-targeting-the-5-untranslated-region-of-zika-virus
#16
Jasper Fuk-Woo Chan, Cyril Chik-Yan Yip, Kah-Meng Tee, Zheng Zhu, Jessica Oi-Ling Tsang, Kenn Ka-Heng Chik, Terance Gi-Wai Tsang, Chris Chung-Sing Chan, Vincent Kwok-Man Poon, Siddharth Sridhar, Feifei Yin, Ivan Fan-Ngai Hung, Sandy Ka-Yee Chau, Anna Jinxia Zhang, Kwok-Hung Chan, Kwok-Yung Yuen
OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: We developed and evaluated five novel real-time RT-PCR assays targeting conserved regions in the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR), envelope (E'), non-structural protein 2A (NS2A), NS5, and 3'-UTR of the ZIKV genome. RESULTS: The ZIKV-5'-UTR assay exhibited the lowest in-vitro limit of detection (5-10 RNA copies/reaction and 3.0×10(-1) plaque-forming units/ml). Compared to the modified version of a widely adopted RT-PCR assay targeting the ZIKV-E gene, the ZIKV-5'-UTR assay showed better sensitivity in human clinical specimens, and representative mouse specimens, including many organs which are known to be involved in human ZIKV infection but difficult to obtain in clinical settings...
February 18, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209515/cell-type-specific-role-of-the-rna-binding-protein-nono-in-the-dna-double-strand-break-response-in-the-mouse-testes
#17
Shuyi Li, Feng-Jue Shu, Zhentian Li, Lahcen Jaafar, Shourong Zhao, William S Dynan
The tandem RNA recognition motif protein, NONO, was previously identified as a candidate DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair factor in a biochemical screen for proteins with end-joining stimulatory activity. Subsequent work showed that NONO and its binding partner, SFPQ, have many of the properties expected for bona fide repair factors in cell-based assays. Their contribution to the DNA damage response in intact tissue in vivo has not, however, been demonstrated. Here we compare DNA damage sensitivity in the testes of wild-type mice versus mice bearing a null allele of the NONO homologue (Nono (gt))...
March 2017: DNA Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196872/muc16-regulates-tspyl5-for-lung-cancer-cell-growth-and-chemoresistance-by-suppressing-p53
#18
Imayavaramban Lakshmanan, Shireen Salfity, Parthasarathy Seshacharyulu, Satyanarayana Rachagani, Abigail Thomas, Srustidhar Das, Prabin D Majhi, Rama Krishna Nimmakayala, Raghupathy Vengoji, Subodh M Lele, Moorthy P Ponnusamy, Surinder K Batra, Apar Kishor Ganti
PURPOSE: MUC16, a tumor biomarker and cell surface associated mucin, is overexpressed in various cancers; however, its role in lung cancer pathogenesis is unknown. Here, we have explored the mechanistic role of MUC16 in lung cancer. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: To identify the functional role of MUC16, stable knockdown was carried in lung cancer cells with two different shRNAs. Clinical significance of MUC16 was evaluated in lung cancer patient's tissues using IHC. We have generated genetically engineered mouse model (KrasG12D; AdCre) to evaluate the preclinical significance of MUC16...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196369/leveraging-online-resources-to-prioritize-candidate-genes-for-functional-analyses-using-the-fetal-testis-as-a-test-case
#19
Kathryn S McClelland, Humphrey H-C Yao
With each new microarray or RNA-seq experiment, massive quantities of transcriptomic information are generated with the purpose to produce a list of candidate genes for functional analyses. Yet an effective strategy remains elusive to prioritize the genes on these candidate lists. In this review, we outline a prioritizing strategy by taking a step back from the bench and leveraging the rich range of public databases. This in silico approach provides an economical, less biased, and more effective solution. We discuss the publicly available online resources that can be used to answer a range of questions about a gene...
2017: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193725/the-tgf-%C3%AE-family-in-the-reproductive-tract
#20
Diana Monsivais, Martin M Matzuk, Stephanie A Pangas
The transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) family has a profound impact on the reproductive function of various organisms. In this review, we discuss how highly conserved members of the TGF-β family influence the reproductive function across several species. We briefly discuss how TGF-β-related proteins balance germ-cell proliferation and differentiation as well as dauer entry and exit in Caenorhabditis elegans. In Drosophila melanogaster, TGF-β-related proteins maintain germ stem-cell identity and eggshell patterning...
February 13, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
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