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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641366/human-papillomavirus-vaccine-dose-effectiveness-against-incident-genital-warts-in-a-cohort-of-insured-us-females
#1
Susan Hariri, Megan S Schuler, Allison L Naleway, Matthew F Daley, Sheila Weinmann, Bradley Crane, Sophia R Newcomer, Dennis Tolsma, Lauri E Markowitz
We examined effectiveness of HPV vaccination by dose number and interval against incident genital warts in a cohort of 64,517 females in the United States during 8/2006-9/2012. Eligible females were classified into 0, 1-dose, 2-dose < 6 months apart, 2-dose ≥6 months apart, and 3-dose groups and followed until genital wart diagnosis, loss to follow-up, or end of study. Propensity score weights were used to balance baseline differences across groups. To account for latent genital warts before vaccination, 6-month and 12-month buffer periods from last and first vaccine dose, respectively, were applied...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641056/the-odd-couple-using-biomedical-and-intersectional-approaches-to-address-health-inequities
#2
Olena Hankivsky, Lesley Doyal, Gillian Einstein, Ursula Kelly, Janet Shim, Lynn Weber, Robin Repta
BACKGROUND: Better understanding and addressing health inequities is a growing global priority. OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we contribute to the literature examining complex relationships between biological and social dimensions in the field of health inequalities. Specifically, we explore the potential of intersectionality to advance current approaches to socio-biological entwinements. DESIGN: We provide a brief overview of current approaches to combining both biological and social factors in a single study, and then investigate the contributions of an intersectional framework to such work...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641026/sociodemographic-factors-associated-with-female-genital-cutting-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-nigeria
#3
T O Ojo, M Y Ijadunola
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to determine the prevalence of female genital cutting (FGC) among women of reproductive age in Nigeria and identify the sociodemographic factors associated with the practice. METHODS: A secondary analysis of the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey was carried out in 38,948 women of reproductive age (15-49 years). RESULTS: The prevalence of FGC among respondents was almost 25%, most of whom (82%) had undergone the procedure when they were under 5 years of age...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636869/association-between-sexual-mixing-and-genital-warts-in-heterosexual-men-in-australia-the-herd-protection-from-the-female-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-program
#4
Eric P F Chow, Christopher K Fairley
Australian-born women aged ≤32 years were eligible for the free female human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program introduced in 2007. A total of 1165 heterosexual couples attending the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre between 2011 and 2014 were included in this analysis. Findings showed the odds of having penile warts was 0.52-fold lower among men who had a female partner aged ≤32 years compared with men who had a female partners aged >32 years. This suggests men would have received herd protection from their female partners and hence they are at lower risk of acquiring genital warts...
October 2016: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634755/rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-lower-female-genital-tract-an-analysis-of-144-cases
#5
Dimitrios Nasioudis, Michail Alevizakos, Eloise Chapman-Davis, Steven S Witkin, Kevin Holcomb
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to elucidate the clinico-pathological characteristics of female patients with lower genital tract rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) stratified by age group and investigate their prognosis, using a multi-institutional database. METHODS: The National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was accessed (1973-2013) and a cohort of females diagnosed with RMS of the lower genital tract (vulva, vagina, cervix) was drawn...
June 20, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632824/-adolescents-find-it-easy-to-collect-their-own-samples-to-study-sexually-transmitted-infections
#6
Andrea Huneeus, Mario I Fernández, Andrea Schilling, Paulina Parra, Aleksandra Zakharova
BACKGROUND: As alternative for patients that fear genital examination, we assessed adolescent's comfort and ease with self-collected samples for nucleic acid amplification testing for sexually transmitted infections. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sexually active Chilean adolescents and youth under 25 years (174 males and 117 females) were enrolled. Females used self-collected vaginal swabs and males collected first-stream urine. A satisfaction survey evaluating self-sampling system was applied...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631901/-female-genital-prolapse-surgery-using-ultra-lightweight-polypropylene-mesh
#7
V B Filimonov, R V Vasin, I V Vasina, A D Kaprin, A A Kostin
AIM: To compare the results of female genital prolapse (FGP) surgery via vaginal access using lightweight and ultra-lightweight polypropylene mesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2007 to 2011, 93 women aged from 46 to 71 years with II-IV stage FGP (POP-Q classification) were examined and underwent the vaginal extra-peritoneal colpopexy using polypropylene implants in the Department of Urology. Patients were divided into 2 groups. In patients of group 1 (n=50) the surgery was performed according to a newly developed technique using perforated ultra-lightweight (surface density 19 g/m2) domestically manufactured polypropylene implant...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631704/-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-intracardiac-thrombosis-a-description-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-literature
#8
Z S Alekberova, P S Ovcharov, T A Lisitsyna, A V Volkov, T V Popkova
Behçet's disease (BD) is systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, which is more common in the countries located along the Great Silk Road. The disease is diagnosed if a patient has 4 key diagnostic signs: aphthous stomatitis, genital sores, and eye and skin lesions. Vascular diseases referred to as minor criteria for BD are characterized by the formation of aneurysms and thrombosis, predominantly in the venous bed. In venous disorders, a blood clot can form in any vessel, including caval, cerebral, pulmonary, and other veins...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631512/african-male-attitudes-on-female-genital-mutilation-an-australian-survey
#9
Usama Shahid, Ajay Rane
Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a traditional practice where female genital organs are altered for non-medical reasons. The custom is outlawed in Australia and associated with an array of medical consequences. Due to the recent influx of migrants from regions endemic to FGM, the practice is becoming a growing concern locally. This federal government funded study aimed to elicit the poorly understood perceptions that young, Sub-Saharan African, migrant males residing in Townsville, Australia have on FGM. Through piloted questionnaires we found that amongst the 67 participants, 23...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631115/gurya-cutting-and-female-genital-fistulas-in-niger-ten-cases
#10
Itengre Ouedraogo, Regina McConley, Christopher Payne, Alison Heller, L Lewis Wall
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to determine the contribution of female genital cutting to genital fistula formation in Niger from the case records of a specialist fistula hospital. METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken of the records of 360 patients seen at the Danja Fistula Center, Danja, Niger, between March 2014 and September 2016. Pertinent clinical and socio-demographic data were abstracted from the cases identified. RESULTS: A total of 10 fistulas resulting from gurya cutting was obtained: 9 cases of urethral loss and 1 rectovaginal fistula...
June 19, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630777/magnetic-resonance-enterography-findings-of-intestinal-beh%C3%A3-et-disease-in-a-child
#11
Tommaso D'Angelo, Romina Gallizzi, Claudio Romano, Giuseppe Cicero, Silvio Mazziotti
Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystem disorder of unknown aetiology, characterized by recurrent oral ulcers, genital ulcers, uveitis, skin lesions, and pathergy. Gastrointestinal disease outside the oral cavity is well recognized and usually takes the form of small intestinal ulcers, with the most significant lesions frequently occurring in the ileocaecal region. Symptoms usually include nausea, vomiting, colicky abdominal pain, and change in bowel habit and it is not unusual that patients may present late, with life-threatening complications requiring surgery...
2017: Case Reports in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625118/sexual-behaviors-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-male-veterans-and-nonveterans
#12
Mark W Evans, Sonya Borrero, Jonathan Yabes, Elian A Rosenfeld
Little is known about the sexual health of male veterans. This study used nationally representative data from the 2011 to 2013 National Survey of Family Growth to compare sexual behaviors and history of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) between male veterans and nonveterans. The sample included 3,860 men aged 18 to 44 years who reported ever having sex with a man or woman. The key independent variable was veteran status. Sexual behavior outcomes included ≥6 lifetime female partners, ≥10 lifetime partners of either sex, ≥2 past-year partners of either sex, having past-year partners of both sexes, and condom nonuse at last vaginal sex...
July 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624916/interethnic-variation-in-pelvic-floor-morphology-in-women-with-symptomatic-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#13
Zeelha Abdool, Hans Peter Dietz, Barend Gerhardus Lindeque
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: There is a lack of epidemiological studies evaluating female pelvic organ prolapse in developing countries. Current studies have largely focused on women of white ethnicity. This study was designed to determine interethnic variation in pelvic floor functional anatomy, namely, levator hiatal distensibility and pelvic organ descent, in women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse in a multi-ethnic South African population. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 258 consecutive women referred for pelvic organ prolapse assessment and management at a tertiary urogynaecological clinic...
June 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624874/reliable-molecular-differentiation-of-trichuris-ovis-and-trichuris-discolor-from-sheep-ovis-orientalis-aries-and-roe-deer-capreolus-capreolus-and-morphological-characterisation-of-their-females-morphology-does-not-work-sufficiently
#14
Pavel Vejl, Stanislava Nechybová, Pavla Peřinková, Martina Melounová, Vladimíra Sedláková, Jakub Vašek, Daniela Čílová, Kateřina Rylková, Ivana Jankovská, Jaroslav Vadlejch, Iva Langrová
The main aim of the study was to evaluate associations between morphological variability of Trichuris females from sheep and roe deer and their rDNA polymorphism in whipworm populations from the Czech Republic. The results introduced the use of new molecular markers based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS)1-5.8S RNA-ITS2 region polymorphisms, as useful tools for the unambiguous differentiation of congeners Trichuris ovis and Trichuris discolor. These markers revealed both parasites in roe deer and in sheep; however, T...
June 17, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619062/platinum-containing-compound-platinum-pyrithione-suppresses-ovarian-tumor-proliferation-through-proteasome-inhibition
#15
Hongbiao Huang, Ni Liu, Yuning Liao, Ningning Liu, Jianyu Cai, Xiaohong Xia, Zhiqiang Guo, Yanling Li, Qirong Wen, Qi Yin, Yan Liu, Qingxia Wu, Dhivya Rajakumar, Xiujie Sheng, Jinbao Liu
BACKGROUND: Ovarian carcinoma is one of the most aggressive gynecological malignant neoplasms and makes up 25-30% of all cancer cases of the female genital tract. Currently, resistance to traditional chemotherapy is a great challenge for patients with Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Therefore, identifying novel agents for EOC treatment is essential and urgent. METHOD: MTS assay was used to analyze the cell viability and proliferation of cancer cells. Flow cytometry was employed to analyze cell cycle distribution and cell apoptosis...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615501/x-ray-micro-ct-scanning-reveals-temporal-separation-of-male-harm-and-female-kicking-during-traumatic-mating-in-seed-beetles
#16
Liam R Dougherty, Leigh W Simmons
In the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus, the male intromittent organ is covered in sharp spines that pierce the female copulatory tract wall during mating. Although the fitness consequences of traumatic mating are well studied in this species, we know much less about how the male and female genitalia interact during mating. This is partly due to the fact that genital interactions occur primarily inside the female, and so are difficult to observe. In this study, we use X-ray micro-CT scanning to examine the proximate mechanisms of traumatic mating in C...
June 14, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615224/risk-of-second-malignancies-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-who-develop-keratinocyte%C3%A2-cancers
#17
Rachel Zamoiski, Elizabeth L Yanik, Todd M Gibson, Elizabeth K Cahoon, Margaret M Madeleine, Charles F Lynch, Sally Gustafson, Marc T Goodman, Melissa Skeans, Ajay Israni, Eric A Engels, Lindsay M Morton
Solid organ transplant recipients have increased risk for developing keratinocyte cancers (KC), including cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and basal cell carcinoma (BCC), in part as a result of immunosuppressive medications administered to prevent graft rejection. In the general population, KC are associated with increased risks of subsequent malignancy, however, the risk in organ transplant populations has not been evaluated. We addressed this question by linking the U.S. Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients, which includes data on KC occurrence, with 15 state cancer registries...
June 14, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610335/rhigonema-naylae-n-sp-rhigonematomorpha-rhigonematidae-a-new-parasitic-nematode-from-a-japanese-polydesmid-millipede-polydesmida-xystodesmidae
#18
Jans Morffe, Koichi Hasegawa
Rhigonema naylae n. sp. (Rhigonematomorpha: Rhigonematidae) is described from the hindgut of the polydesmid millipede Parafontaria laminata (Attems, 1909) (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae), from Aichi prefecture, Japan. The new species is characterized by having a medium sized body in both sexes, the cephalic collar partially fused to the body cuticle, but not overhanging the body contour; cervical region densely covered in short, fine microtrichs that extend from the posterior margin of the cephalic collar to ca...
May 22, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610160/kalyptorhynchia-platyhelminthes-rhabdocoela-from-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-with-the-description-of-six-new-species
#19
Wim R Willems, Patrick Reygel, Niels VAN Steenkiste, Bart Tessens, Tom J Artois
Fifteen species of kalyptorhynch flatworms, twelve of them eukalyptorhynchs and three schizorhynchs, are reported from the KwaZulu-Natal coast in South Africa. Six species are new to science, five of which belong to Eukalyptorhynchia, the remaining one to Schizorhynchia. One of the new eukalyptorhynch species, Uncinorhynchus linusi n. sp., belongs to the taxon Gnathorhynchidae Meixner, 1929 and can be distinguished from other species of Uncinorhynchus Karling, 1947 based on the detailed structure of the proboscis hooks and the hard part in the male genital system...
March 13, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608917/elevated-risk-of-human-papillomavirus-related-second-cancers-in-survivors-of-anal-canal-cancer
#20
Rebecca A Nelson, Lily L Lai
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, the causal link between human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and squamous cell carcinoma of the anus (SCCA) has been well described. Because HPV infection in one site is often associated with other sites of infection, it then follows that patients with SCCA may have an increased risk of additional HPV-related cancers. Identifying and targeting at-risk sites through cancer screening and surveillance may help to guide best practices. The current study sought to ascertain sites and risk of HPV-related second primary malignancies (SPMs) in survivors of SCCA...
June 13, 2017: Cancer
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