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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330890/audit-of-referrals-for-concern-regarding-labial-appearance-at-the-royal-children-s-hospital-2000-2012
#1
Sarah K McQuillan, Yasmin Jayasinghe, Sonia R Grover
AIM: To audit the clinical features and outcomes for all patients referred to our centre with concerns regarding labial appearance. METHODS: Young females referred to a paediatric/adolescent gynaecology tertiary centre between 2000 and 2012 with concerns regarding their labial appearance were retrospectively identified. Adolescents presenting with anomalies were excluded. Retrospective chart review was undertaken to identify reasons for referral, patient characteristics, outcome of referral and concurrent health problems...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330019/parental-decisional-regret-and-views-about-optimal-timing-of-female-genital-restoration-surgery-in-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#2
Konrad M Szymanski, Benjamin Whittam, Martin Kaefer, Heather Frady, Jessica T Casey, Vi T Tran, Mark P Cain, Richard C Rink
PURPOSE: The role of female genital restoration surgery (FGRS) in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is controversial, with no long-term parent-reported outcomes available. Decisional regret (DR) affects most parents after their children's treatment of pediatric conditions, including hypospadias. We aimed to assess parental DR after FGRS in infancy or toddlerhood and explore optimal timing for surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred and six parents of females with CAH undergoing FGRS before 3 years old and followed at our institution (1999-2017) were invited to enroll online...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329573/female-genital-mutilation-cutting-in-italy-an%C3%A2-enhanced-estimation-for-first-generation-migrant-women-based-on-2016-survey-data
#3
Livia Elisa Ortensi, Patrizia Farina, Els Leye
BACKGROUND: Migration flows of women from Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting practicing countries have generated a need for data on women potentially affected by Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. This paper presents enhanced estimates for foreign-born women and asylum seekers in Italy in 2016, with the aim of supporting resource planning and policy making, and advancing the methodological debate on estimation methods. METHODS: The estimates build on the most recent methodological development in Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting direct and indirect estimation for Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting non-practicing countries...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317890/enterobius-vermicularis-in-the-endometrium-of-the-uterus-a-case-report
#4
Biserka Pigac, Silvija Mašić, Valentina Mašić
Enterobius vermicularis is an intestinal nematode of humans and the most common helminth infection. Main transmission path is direct contact between infected and uninfected person meaning ingestion of the eggs. Human infections are usually asymptomatic or manifest as perianal itching. Although ectopic locations are uncommon, Enterobius can occasionally be detected in appendix, kidney, male urinary tract and female genital tract. We present a case from Varaždin General Hospital, Varaždin, Croatia in 2012, involving a 90-yr-old female patient who underwent hysterectomy leading to accidental finding of E...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317407/a20-haploinsufficiency-ha20-clinical-phenotypes-and-disease-course-of-patients-with-a-newly-recognised-nf-kb-mediated-autoinflammatory-disease
#5
Florence A Aeschlimann, Ezgi D Batu, Scott W Canna, Ellen Go, Ahmet Gül, Patrycja Hoffmann, Helen L Leavis, Seza Ozen, Daniella M Schwartz, Deborah L Stone, Annet van Royen-Kerkof, Daniel L Kastner, Ivona Aksentijevich, Ronald M Laxer
OBJECTIVES: The association between mutations in TNFAIP3, encoding the NF-kB regulatory protein A20, and a new autoinflammatory disease has recently been recognised. This study aims at describing the clinical phenotypes and disease course of patients with A20 haploinsufficiency (HA20). METHODS: Data for all cases from the initial publication, and additional cases identified through collaborations since, were collected using standardised data collection forms. RESULTS: A total of 16 patients (13 female) from seven families with a genetic diagnosis of HA20 were included...
January 9, 2018: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313478/schistosomiasis-and-infertility-in-east-africa
#6
Patricia A Woodall, Michael R Kramer
Case reports and pathology series suggest associations of female genital schistosomiasis (Schistosoma haematobium) with infertility and ectopic pregnancy. Differential geographic distribution of infertility is not explained by analyses of known risk factors. In this cross-sectional multilevel semi-ecologic study, interpolated prevalence maps for S. haematobium and Schistosoma mansoni in East Africa were created using data from two open-access Neglected Tropical Diseases Databases. Prevalence was extracted to georeferenced survey sample points for Demographic and Health Surveys for Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda for 2000 and 2010...
January 8, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310689/characteristics-of-female-sexual-dysfunctions-and-obstetric-complications-related-to-female-genital-mutilation-in-omdurman-maternity-hospital-sudan
#7
Khalid Yassin, Hadeel A Idris, AbdelAziem A Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306992/health-and-welfare-of-women-and-child-survival-a-key-to-nation-building
#8
Meharban Singh
Health of women has a profound effect on the health and welfare of communities, countries and the world at large. A large number of social, economic, educational, political and religious dimensions impact the lives of girls and women with repercussions on their health and status in society and welfare of their children. It is a sad reality that a large number of children, adolescents and women worldwide have limited or no access to essential health care services, nutrition and education. Gender inequity and discrimination against girls cannot be bridged unless there are equal opportunities for healthcare and education for boys and girls...
January 6, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305965/pediatric-granular-cell-tumors-of-the-vulva-a-report-of-four-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#9
Beryl L Manning-Geist, Antonio R Perez-Atayde, Marc R Laufer
BACKGROUND: Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are rare soft tissue lesions that can involve the female genital tract, including the vulva. While malignant tumors are aggressive and uncommon, benign and atypical lesions still have associated risks, including recurrence and multi-site development. CASES: Four cases of pediatric vulvar GCT are presented, including one atypical and three benign tumors. The atypical lesion occurred in a 3-year-old girl, the youngest reported patient with GCT of the vulva...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304796/referral-gynecological-ambulatory-clinic-principal-diagnosis-and-distribution-in-health-services
#10
Adna Thaysa Marcial da Silva, Camila Lohmann Menezes, Edige Felipe de Sousa Santos, Paulo Francisco Ramos Margarido, José Maria Soares, Edmund Chada Baracat, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Isabel Cristina Esposito Sorpreso
BACKGROUND: The association between gynecological diagnoses and their distribution in the health sectors provides benefits in the field of women's health promotion and in medical and interdisciplinary education, along with rationalization according to level of care complexity. Thus, the objective is analyze the clinical-demographic characteristics, main diagnoses in gynecological ambulatory care, and their distribution in health services. METHOD: This is a research project of retrospective audit study design with a chart review of data from 428 women treated at University Ambulatory Clinic of Women's Health, the facility in gynecology and training for Family and Community Medical Residents, São Paulo, Brazil, from 2012 to 2014...
January 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302613/the-risk-of-female-genital-cutting-in-europe-comparing-immigrant-attitudes-toward-uncut-girls-with-attitudes-in-a-practicing-country
#11
Sonja Vogt, Charles Efferson, Ernst Fehr
Worldwide, an estimated 200 million girls and women have been subjected to female genital cutting. Female genital cutting is defined as an intentional injury to the female genitalia without medical justification. The practice occurs in at least 29 countries in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia. In addition, globalization and migration have brought immigrants from countries where cutting is commonly practiced to countries where cutting is not traditionally practiced and may even be illegal. In countries receiving immigrants, governments and development agencies would like to know if girls with parents who immigrated from practicing countries are at risk of being cut...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301605/extrarenal-wilms-tumor-of-the-female-genital-system-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Min-Min Cao, Cui-Ping Huang, Ya-Fen Wang, De-Mei Ma
Extrarenal Wilms' Tumors (ERWTs) are rare. There have been only 25 cases of ERWT arising from the female genital system reported in the literature. In this paper, we report a 60-year-old woman with a complaint of vaginal bleeding and a polypoid mass in the uterine cavity by sonography that was demonstrated as ERWT by pathology after resection. The pathological characteristics, histological origination, diagnosis, therapy and prognosis of ERWT in female reproductive system are discussed in this paper in the purpose of improving the diagnosis and therapy of this rare tumor...
December 30, 2017: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300990/a-simplified-protocol-for-molecular-sexing-in-the-emu-dromaius-novaehollandiae
#13
Y Koshiishi, K Wada
Male and female emus are nearly identical both as chicks and as adults. Although morphological differences of the internal genital tract can be used to distinguish the sexes, a high degree of diagnostic skill is required for accurate sexing. DNA-based sexing methods are highly accurate and can be used to diagnose sex without requiring a high degree of technical skill. However, conventional PCR-RFLP is time consuming and costly, requiring the digestion of PCR products. In this study, we simplified the protocol for sexing the emu by using multiplex PCR without restriction enzyme treatment...
December 29, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299770/a-role-for-the-endometrial-microbiome-in-dysfunctional-menstrual-bleeding
#14
Elise S Pelzer, Dana Willner, Melissa Buttini, Flavia Huygens
This study aimed to characterise the microbial community within the endometrial cavity and endocervix in women with menorrhagia or dysmenorrhea. Paired endocervical and endometrial biopsy samples were collected from women undergoing operative hysteroscopy and/or laparoscopy. Samples were cohorted based on pathology, indications for surgery, and histological dating of the endometrium. Samples were interrogated for the presence of microbial DNA using a two-step next generation sequencing technology approach to exploit the V5-V8 regions of the 16S rRNA gene...
January 3, 2018: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291104/evolution-of-external-female-genital-mutilation-why-do-males-harm-their-mates
#15
Pierick Mouginot, Gabriele Uhl, Lutz Fromhage
Sperm competition may select for male reproductive traits that influence female mating or oviposition rate. These traits may induce fitness costs to the female; however, they may be costly for the males as well as any decrease in female fitness also affects male fitness. Male adaptations to sperm competition manipulate females by altering not only female behaviour or physiology, but also female morphology. In orb-weaving spiders, mating may entail mutilation of external structures of the female genitalia, which prevents genital coupling with subsequent males...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291078/the-timing-of-female-genital-mutilation-and-the-role-of-contralateral-palpal-insertions-in-the-spider-cyclosa-argenteoalba
#16
Kensuke Nakata
Some male spiders exhibit female genital mutilation behaviour (FGM) by removing the female genital appendage (scape) to control the mating frequency of females. Female spiders have two, i.e. right and left, genital openings connected with separate spermathecae into which males transfer sperm successively using one pedipalp (secondary genitalia) at a time. Thus, males must complete at least two palpal insertions to fill both spermathecae, before FGM. The present study examined whether (i) scape removal is only associated with the second palpal insertion (one-action hypothesis) or (ii) two contralateral palpal insertions facilitate FGM, with each insertion cutting the basal part of the scape halfway (two-actions hypothesis)...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290193/spectrum-of-gynecological-malignancies-at-jamshoro
#17
Naheed Parveen, Raheel Sikander, Majida, Shaheen
OBJECTIVE: To describe the frequency and spectrum of different types of gynecological malignancies. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Jamshoro, from January 2014 to December 2015. METHODOLOGY: All patients with gynecological malignancies, admitted at the study place, whether previously diagnosed or need to establish the diagnosis on the basis of EUA, biopsy, staging and for surgery during the study period were included...
January 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288628/mating-behavior-of-the-west-nile-virus-vector-culex-pipiens-role-of-behavioral-asymmetries
#18
Giovanni Benelli
Culex pipiens is a vector of West Nile, Rift Valley fever, Japanese encephalitis virus and Usutu viruses. In agreement with the criteria of Integrated Vector Management, several research efforts have been devoted to develop behavior-based control tools to fight mosquito vectors. However, our knowledge of mosquito mating biology and sexual communication is still patchy. Despite the high relevance of C. pipiens as a vector of medical and veterinary importance, no studies on its mating behavior and the factors routing mating success have been conducted...
December 27, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287101/cancer-risk-in-korean-patients-with-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#19
Yoon Suk Jung, Minkyung Han, Do Young Kim, Jae Hee Cheon, Sohee Park
BACKGROUND: Various immune-mediated diseases are associated with increased malignancy risks. However, the relationship between Behçet's disease (BD) and cancer remains unclear. We conducted a nationwide, population-based study to determine the risk of cancer in patients with BD. METHODS: Using National Health Insurance claims records, we collected data from 2402 patients diagnosed with BD between 2013 and 2014. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of overall and site-specific cancers in patients with BD in comparison with the general population were calculated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286179/localized-cyclical-variations-in-immunoproteins-in-the-female-genital-tract-and-the-implications-on-the-design-and-assessment-of-mucosal-infection-and-therapies
#20
Julia Makinde, Clifford Jones, Angela Bartolf, Sengeziwe Sibeko, Susan Baden, Catherine Cosgrove, Robin J Shattock
PROBLEM: Fluctuating hormones regulate reproductive processes in the female genital tract. Consequent changes in the local immunological environment are likely to affect cellular interaction with infectious agents and the assessment of therapies that target mucosal infections. METHOD OF STUDY: We compared Softcup and Weck-Cel sampling protocols and assessed the changes in the concentrations of 39 soluble proteins with menstrual cycle progression in the mucosal and peripheral compartments...
December 29, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
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