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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161220/speaking-with-and-without-words-an-analysis-of-foster-children-s-expressions-and-behaviors-that-are-suggestive-of-prior-sexual-abuse
#1
Dorijn Wubs, Laura Batstra, Hans W E Grietens
This exploratory study reports on foster children's informal self-disclosures of previously unknown histories of sexual abuse. Data were collected from 40 children's files, and an inductive thematic analysis of verbal and behavioral expressions was conducted. Findings suggest that foster children's self-disclosures can be fragmented, spontaneous, narrative, or triggered and often occur during everyday activities in the foster family. The children disclose their past by referring to the perpetrator or the severity of the abuse or by acting out, mostly by reenacting sexual abuse experiences...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159259/primary-non-germinal-center-double-expressor-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-confined-to-a-uterine-leiomyoma-a-case-report
#2
Alexandra Martin, Erin Medlin
•Primary lymphoma of the female genital tract accounts for 1% of extranodal lymphomas.•Approximately 13% are diffuse large B cell lymphoma of the uterus, most often involving the endometrial stroma or cervix.•The first double-expressor diffuse large B cell lymphoma confined to a uterine leiomyoma is described.
November 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158370/ovarian-and-uterine-functions-in-female-survivors-of-childhood-cancers
#3
REVIEW
Ozgur Oktem, Samuel S Kim, Ugur Selek, Glenn Schatmann, Bulent Urman
Adult survivors of childhood cancers are more prone to developing poor reproductive and obstetrical outcomes than their siblings and the general population as a result of previous exposure to chemotherapy and radiation during childhood. Chemotherapy drugs exert cytotoxic effects systemically and therefore can damage the ovaries, leading to infertility, premature ovarian failure, and, to a lesser extent, spontaneous abortions. They have very limited or no deleterious effects on the uterus that can be recognized clinically...
November 20, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158246/self-taken-vaginal-swabs-versus-clinician-taken-for-detection-of-candida-and-bacterial-vaginosis-a-case-control-study-in-primary-care
#4
Pam Barnes, Rute Vieira, Jayne Harwood, Mayur Chauhan
BACKGROUND: Vaginal discharge and vulvitis are common presenting symptoms in general practice. Few studies have specifically looked at the validity of self-taken low vulvovaginal swabs (LVS) for the diagnosis of vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) and bacterial vaginosis (BV). AIM: To assess if patient self-taken LVS are a valid alternative to clinician-taken high vaginal swabs (HVS) for the detection of VVC and BV. DESIGN AND SETTING: Case-control study with the patient acting as their own control in an urban sexual health centre in Newcastle upon Tyne, UK...
November 20, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157237/isolation-and-identification-of-culturable-fungi-from-the-genitals-and-semen-of-healthy-giant-pandas-ailuropoda-melanoleuca
#5
Xiaoping Ma, Changcheng Li, Jiafa Hou, Yu Gu
BACKGROUND: In order to better understand the possible role of fungi in giant panda reproduction and overall health, it is important to provide a baseline for the normal fungal composition in the reproductive system. Using morphology and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence analysis, we systematically isolated and identified fungal species from the vagina, foreskin, and semen of 21 (11 males and 10 females) healthy giant pandas to understand the normal fungal flora of the genital tracts...
November 21, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155192/external-genital-development-urethra-formation-and-hypospadias-induction-in-guinea-pig-a-double-zipper-model-for-human-urethral-development
#6
Shanshan Wang, Mingxin Shi, Dongqing Zhu, Ranjiv Mathews, Zhengui Zheng
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the guinea pig phallus would be an appropriate model of human penile development, we characterized the embryology and sexual differentiation of guinea pig external genitalia and attend to induce hypospadias in males and tubular urethra formation in females pharmacologically. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The external genitalia of guinea pig were collected from genital swelling initiation to newborn stages and Scanning Electronic Microscopy and histology were performed to visualize the morphology and structure...
November 16, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151816/counselling-professionals-awareness-and-understanding-of-female-genital-mutilation-cutting-training-needs-for-working-therapeutically-with-survivors
#7
Charlie Jackson
Background: There is a dearth of literature that has looked at the psychological impact of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C), and little is known about the understanding and awareness of FGM/C amongst counselling professionals. Method: An online survey was completed by 2073 BACP members. The survey covered four broad themes: demographics; awareness and understanding of FGM/C; experience of working therapeutically with survivors; and FGM/C training. Descriptive and inferential analyses were undertaken on quantitative data, and thematic content analysis was undertaken on qualitative data...
December 2017: Couns Psychother Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149020/role-of-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-in-uterine-fibroid-biology
#8
REVIEW
Michał Ciebiera, Marta Włodarczyk, Małgorzata Wrzosek, Błażej Męczekalski, Grażyna Nowicka, Krzysztof Łukaszuk, Magdalena Ciebiera, Aneta Słabuszewska-Jóźwiak, Grzegorz Jakiel
Uterine fibroids (UFs) are benign tumors of the female genital tract made of the smooth muscle of the uterus. UF growth depends mostly on the influence of the steroid hormones and selected growth factors. Transforming growth factor β (TGF-βs) is a polypeptide that consists of three isoforms: TGF-β1, TGF-β2, and TGF-β3. At present, TGF-β is considered to be one of the key factors in the pathophysiology of UFs. It plays a major role in cellular migration within the tumor, stimulates tumor growth, and enhances tumor metabolism...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148634/labor-delivery-and-postpartum-complications-in-nulliparous-women-with-female-genital-mutilation-admitted-to-karamara-hospital
#9
Wondimu Gudu, Mutasim Abdulahi
Objectives: To assess labor, delivery and postpartum complications in nulliparous women with FGM/C and evaluate the attitude of mothers towards elimination of FGM. Methods: A prospective hospital based study using structured questionnaire was conducted between January to March 2015 at Karamara hospital, Jijiga, Ethiopia. All nulliparous women admitted for labor and delivery were included. Data were collected regarding circumcision status, events of labor, delivery; postpartum and neonatal outcomes as well as attitude of mothers towards elimination of FGM/C...
January 2017: Ethiopian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148537/adenomatoid-tumors-of-the-male-and-female-genital-tract-are-defined-by-traf7-mutations-that-drive-aberrant-nf-kb-pathway-activation
#10
Benjamin Goode, Nancy M Joseph, Meredith Stevers, Jessica Van Ziffle, Courtney Onodera, Eric Talevich, James P Grenert, Iwei Yeh, Boris C Bastian, Joanna J Phillips, Karuna Garg, Joseph T Rabban, Charles Zaloudek, David A Solomon
Adenomatoid tumors are the most common neoplasm of the epididymis, and histologically similar adenomatoid tumors also commonly arise in the uterus and fallopian tube. To investigate the molecular pathogenesis of these tumors, we performed genomic profiling on a cohort of 31 adenomatoid tumors of the male and female genital tracts. We identified that all tumors harbored somatic missense mutations in the TRAF7 gene, which encodes an E3 ubiquitin ligase belonging to the family of tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factors (TRAFs)...
November 17, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144853/sexual-experiences-in-transgender-people-the-role-of-desire-for-gender-confirming-interventions-psychological-well-being-and-body-satisfaction
#11
Sanne W C Nikkelen, Baudewijntje P C Kreukels
We examined the role of gender confirming treatment (i.e., hormonal treatment and genital surgery; GCT), psychological well-being, and body satisfaction in the sexual feelings and behaviors of transgender adults. A survey was conducted among a non-clinical sample of 325 male-to-female and 251 female-to-male Dutch adults (17-76yr, Mage = 41.87), divided into those with no GCT desire, those who desired (more) GCT, and those who completed GCT. Findings indicated that whereas GCT may positively affect sexual feelings, particularly in MtF's, body satisfaction may play an even bigger role...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142769/plexiform-neurofibroma-of-clitoris
#12
Dhanya Yesodharan, Bindu Sudarsanan, Annie Jojo, Mohan Abraham, Nisha Bhavani, Hima Mathews, Sheela Nampoothiri
The most frequent genital presentation of neurofibromatosis in females is clitoromegaly. We report a case of a 5-year-old girl with neurofibromatosis type 1 with clitoral plexiform neurofibromatosis. Clitoroplasty was done, and the histopathology confirmed the diagnosis. Though rare, plexiform neurofibroma of clitoris should always be considered as a differential diagnosis in children with clitoromegaly before embarking on detailed investigations.
December 2017: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142115/males-harm-females-less-when-competing-with-familiar-relatives
#13
Samuel J Lymbery, Leigh W Simmons
Sexual conflict occurs when reproductive partners have different fitness optima, and can lead to the evolution of traits in one sex that inflict fitness costs on the opposite sex. Recently, it has been proposed that antagonism by males towards females should be reduced when they compete with relatives, because reducing the future productivity of a female would result in an indirect fitness cost for a harmful male. We tested this prediction in the seed beetle Callosobruchus maculatus, the males of which harm females with genital spines and pre-copulatory harassment...
November 29, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140905/gender-confirmation-surgery-using-the-pedicle-transverse-colon-flap-for-vaginal-reconstruction-a-clinical-outcome-and-sexual-function-evaluation-study
#14
Oscar J Manrique, M Diya Sabbagh, Pedro Ciudad, Jorys Martinez-Jorge, Kidakorn Kiranantawat, Ngamcherd Sitpahul, Todd B Nippoldt, Ali Charafeddine, Hung-Chi Chen
INTRODUCTION: Vaginal reconstruction and vaginoplasty are indicated in vaginal agenesis, following pelvic tumor resection, trauma and for gender confirmation surgery. Different surgical options have been described when using these techniques. Herein, we present the clinical outcomes and sexual function evaluation using the pedicle transverse colon flap (TCF) for gender confirmation surgery in transgender women. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of all transgender women who underwent gender confirmation surgery using the pedicle TCF...
November 11, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140584/the-association-between-female-genital-fistula-symptoms-and-gender-based-violence-a-multi-country-secondary-analysis-of-household-survey-data
#15
Lindsay Mallick, Vandana Tripathi
OBJECTIVE: The Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), which include standardized questions on female genital fistula symptoms, provide a unique opportunity to evaluate the epidemiology of fistula. This study sought to examine associations between self-reported fistula symptoms and experience of gender-based violence (GBV) among women interviewed in DHS surveys. METHODS: This study used data from thirteen DHS surveys with standardized fistula and domestic violence modules...
November 15, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137446/suspected-cancer-diagnoses-made-by-general-practitioners-in-a-population-with-subsequently-confirmed-cancer-diagnoses-in-germany-a-retrospective-study-of-31-628-patients
#16
Karel Kostev, Uwe Meister, Matthias Kalder, Louis Jacob
The goal of the present study was to analyze the prevalence and risk factors of suspected cancer diagnoses made by general practitioners (GP) in a population with subsequently confirmed cancer diagnoses in Germany. This study included patients aged 18 years or older who received an initial documentation of a confirmed cancer diagnosis from 1,262 German GP between January and December 2016 (index date). The main outcome measure of the study was the rate of suspected cancer diagnoses made by GP within one year prior to the index date...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136604/extragenital-malignant-mixed-mesodermal-tumor-a-case-report
#17
Mauro Del Papa, Gabriele D'Amata, Fulvio Manzi, Luca Musmeci, Marco Crovaro, Carlo Buonocore, Gaetano Florio, Andrea Giannetti
INTRODUCTION: Primary malignant mixed mesodermal tumor (MMMt, also called malignant mixed Mullerian tumor and designated in the WHO classification of female genital tract neoplasms as carcinosarcoma) is an infrequent tumor that develops usually in the uterus and more rarely in the ovary. Extragenital tumor, including primary peritoneal MMMt, is an extremely rare and aggressive neoplasm with only few case reported in the literature. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 70-year's old female who presented with nausea and abdominal discomfort for 6 months...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136168/a-prospective-study-of-the-incidence-of-juvenile-onset-recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-after-implementation-of-a-national-hpv-vaccination-program
#18
Daniel Novakovic, Alan T L Cheng, Yvonne Zurynski, Robert Booy, Paul J Walker, Robert Berkowitz, Henley Harrison, Robert Black, Christopher Perry, Shyan Vijayasekaran, David Wabnitz, Hannah Burns, Sepehr N Tabrizi, Suzanne M Garland, Elizabeth Elliott, Julia M L Brotherton
Background: Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis is a rare but morbid disease caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11. Infection is preventable through HPV vaccination. Following an extensive quadrivalent HPV vaccination program (females 12-26 years in 2007-2009) in Australia, we established a method to monitor incidence and demographics of juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JORRP) cases. Methods: The Australian Paediatric Surveillance Unit undertakes surveillance of rare pediatric diseases by contacting practitioners monthly...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134627/the-evolution-of-genital-shape-variation-in-female-cetaceans
#19
Dara N Orbach, Brandon Hedrick, Bernd Würsig, Sarah L Mesnick, Patricia Lr Brennan
Male genital diversification is likely the result of sexual selection. Female genital diversification may also result from sexual selection, although it is less well studied and understood. Female genitalia are complex among whales, dolphins, and porpoises, especially compared to other vertebrates. The evolutionary factors affecting the diversity of vaginal complexity could include ontogeny, allometry, phylogeny, sexual selection, and natural selection. We quantified shape variation in female genitalia using 2-D geometric morphometric analysis, and validated the application of this method to study soft tissues...
November 14, 2017: Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134016/a-new-species-of-notodiaptomus-from-the-ecuadorian-andes-copepoda-calanoida-diaptomidae
#20
Miguel Alonso, Edinaldo N Dos Santos-Silva, Damià Jaume
Notodiaptomus cannarensissp. n. is described from a reservoir on the Amazonian slope of the Ecuadorian Andes. The new species is unique among diaptomid calanoid copepods in the display of hypertrophied, symmetrical wing-like extensions at each side of the female composite genital somite. Furthermore, it displays a female urosome reduced to only two somites due to the incorporation of abdominal somites III and IV to the composite genital double-somite, and a male right fifth leg with the outer spine of second exopodal segment recurved and implanted proximally on margin...
2017: ZooKeys
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