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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528844/prevalence-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhea-and-associated-factors-among-women-living-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-brazil-a-multicenter-study
#1
Angelica E Miranda, Mariangela F Silveira, Ana Gabriela Travassos, Teresinha Tenório, Isabel Cristina Chulvis do Val, Leonor de Lannoy Tavares, Hortensio Simões de Mattos Junior, Newton Sergio de Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) cause infections in the female genital tract, increasing susceptibility to and infectiousness of HIV. The objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalence and associated factors of CT and GC infection among HIV-infected women in Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study conducted from March to December 2015, including HIV-infected women attending referral centers in nine states of Brazil, aged 18-49 years, nonpregnant...
May 18, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528186/the-pouch-of-the-douglas-s-pouch
#2
I Sall, E Diémé, M Diallo, E Bénadji, M Diouf, B Ndiaye, O Fall, A Sow, I C Diakhaté, M Ogougbémy
Hernia is described as the protrusion of an organ into the wall of its normal containing cavity. Internal hernia (IH) involves protrusion of viscera through: a peritoneal or mesentery defect, a normal or abnormal compartment of the peritoneal cavity. Hernias occurring in the pelvis cavity are usually classified according to the fascial margins breached and include sciatic, obturator and those through the rectouterin pouch: elytrocele and enterocele. Those hernias are defined by the protrusion of a viscus through the wall of the pelvis due to weakness of the pelvic fascia and/or muscles...
May 17, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523488/morphological-and-molecular-evidence-for-a-new-species-of-pseudanisakis-layman-borovkova-1926-nematoda-ascaridida-parasitizing-rajiformes-in-southern-southwest-atlantic-waters
#3
Manuel M Irigoitia, Paola E Braicovich, Marisa D Farber, Juan T Timi
Pseudanisakis argentinensis n. sp. is proposed to accommodate parasitic nematodes found in six skate species (Rajidae and Arhynchobatidae) examined from southern Southwest Atlantic waters. The new species differs from its congeners by the following combination of characters: a cupola on each lip, males with 8-12 pairs of precloacal genital papillae, a larger size for both males and females, a greater length-to-breadth ratio of the ventriculus and the presence of a small knob on the tip of the tail. Allometric growth was observed for several morphometric features; however, the slopes of the allometric relationships across host species exhibited non-significant differences and were considered as a strong evidence for conspecificity...
May 18, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521830/evidence-based-policy-responses-to-strengthen-health-community-and-legislative-systems-that-care-for-women-in-australia-with-female-genital-mutilation-cutting
#4
REVIEW
Nesrin Varol, John J Hall, Kirsten Black, Sabera Turkmani, Angela Dawson
BACKGROUND: The physical and psychological impact of female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) can be substantial, long term, and irreversible. Parts of the health sector in Australia have developed guidelines in the management of FGM/C, but large gaps exist in community and professional knowledge of the consequences and treatment of FGM/C. The prevalence of FGM/C amongst Australian women is unknown. Our article reviews the literature on research on FGM/C in Australia, which focuses on health system response to women and girls with FGM/C...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521725/hiv-and-syphilis-prevalence-and-associated-risks-in-the-cameroonian-armed-forces
#5
Michael Grillo, Bonnie Robin Tran, Ubald Tamoufe, Cyrille F Djoko, Karen Saylors, Kelly Woodland, Ltc Wangmene, Caroline Macera
BACKGROUND: Continued surveillance of the HIV epidemic is critical to monitor changes in trends and risk behaviors. A 2005 study in the Cameroonian Armed Forces (CAF) found an HIV prevalence of 11.3% among male and female service members. The purpose of the current study is to determine the 5-year change in the HIV prevalence, estimate the prevalence of syphilis, and examine factors associated with infection in the CAF. METHODS: Participants were male and female service members 18 years of age or older who were stationed at one of the 10 military garrisons selected for participation...
May 16, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515918/synchronous-primary-malignant-neoplasms-of-the-cervix-and-endometrium
#6
Shulan Lv, Xue Xue, Yanxia Sui, Juang Du, Junkai Zou, Chao Sun, Dong Liu, Qing Song, Qiling Li
Synchronous multiple malignant neoplasms of the female genital tract are rare, particularly in the uterus. We herein present the case of a patient with synchronous cervical squamous epithelial carcinoma and endometrial adenocarcinoma, and discuss the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. The patient underwent a cervical biopsy and fractional curettage of the endometrium, followed by abdominal staging surgery, including radical hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy...
May 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512628/dysplasia-of-granulocytes-in-a-patient-with-hpv-disease-recurrent-infections-and-b-lymphopenia-a-novel-variant-of-whim-syndrome
#7
Giusella M F Moscato, Erica Giacobbi, Lucia Anemona, Silvia Di Cesare, Gigliola Di Matteo, Massimo Andreoni, Alessandro Mauriello, Viviana Moschese
WHIM syndrome is a condition in which affected persons have chronic peripheral neutropenia, lymphopenia, abnormal susceptibility to human papilloma virus infection, and myelokathexis. Myelokathexis refers to the retention of mature neutrophils in the bone marrow (BM), which accounts for degenerative changes and hypersegmentation. Most patients present heterozygous autosomal dominant mutations of the gene encoding CXCR4. Consequently, aberrant CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling impairs the receptor downregulation causing hyperactivation (gain-of-function) that affects BM homing for myelopoiesis and lymphopoiesis and the release of neutrophils in the bloodstream...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509687/trust-in-the-medical-profession-among-adolescents-in-an-emergency-department
#8
Kelstan Lynch Ellis, Kimberly Randell, John Lantos, Melissa K Miller
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to assess trust in the medical profession among adolescents in an urban pediatric emergency department (ED) and explore factors associated with trust. METHODS: We used a computerized survey to assess personal trust, perceived trust among family/friends, health care use, general and genital examination preferences, health behaviors, and demographics among youth aged 14 to 19 years. The primary outcome was the mean composite score of a validated 5-item scale...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509323/triple-negative-endometrial-cancer
#9
Michał Bulsa, Elżbieta Urasińska
Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common malignancy of the female genital tract in the developed countries. In Poland, EC incidence increased from 3.496 to 5.251 between 2000 and 2011, with 5.251 new cases were diagnosed in 2011 alone, and this upward trend is expected to continue. There are two types of endometrial cancer: estrogen- related type I (approximately 80% of the cases) and unrelated to estrogen type II. Type I includes adenocarcinomas which grow slowly, have better prognosis, superficially infiltrate the myometrium, originate from endometrial hyperplasia without atypia, and occur before and after menopause...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508877/an-overview-of-female-to-male-gender-confirming-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Shane D Morrison, Mang L Chen, Curtis N Crane
Gender dysphoria is estimated to occur in approximately 25 million people worldwide, and can have severe psychosocial sequelae. Medical and surgical gender transition can substantially improve quality-of-life outcomes for individuals with gender dysphoria. Individuals seeking to undergo female-to-male (FtM) transition have various surgical options available for gender confirmation, including facial and chest masculinization, body contouring, and genital surgery. The World Professional Association for Transgender Health guidelines should be met before the patient undergoes surgery, to ensure that gender-confirming surgery is appropriate and indicated...
May 16, 2017: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507119/regulation-of-the-sperm-calcium-channel-catsper-by-endogenous-steroids-and-plant-triterpenoids
#11
Nadja Mannowetz, Melissa R Miller, Polina V Lishko
The calcium channel of sperm (CatSper) is essential for sperm hyperactivated motility and fertility. The steroid hormone progesterone activates CatSper of human sperm via binding to the serine hydrolase ABHD2. However, steroid specificity of ABHD2 has not been evaluated. Here, we explored whether steroid hormones to which human spermatozoa are exposed in the male and female genital tract influence CatSper activation via modulation of ABHD2. The results show that testosterone, estrogen, and hydrocortisone did not alter basal CatSper currents, whereas the neurosteroid pregnenolone sulfate exerted similar effects as progesterone, likely binding to the same site...
May 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503642/vulvar-and-vaginal-graft-versus-host-disease-a-healthcare-clinic-initiative
#12
Naomi Van Dam, Revital Zelker, Ruth Radiano, Ilana Kadmon, Bella Bogorochin, Yevgeni Frank-Kamenetsky
OBJECTIVE: In patients receiving bone marrow transplantation (BMT), their mucosa becomes altered and sclerotic changes in the female external genital organs occur. Although a few studies have specifically addressed vulvar and vaginal graft versus host disease (VVGvHD) and its repercussions on the sexual health and quality of life of patients, VVGvHD can be overlooked by health practitioners. The objective of the study is to describe the initiation of a health care clinic specializing in VVGvHD in a general tertiary hospital...
April 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503333/peritoneal-keratin-granulomatosis-associated-with-endometrioid-adenocarcinoma-of-the-uterine-corpus-in-a-woman-with-polycystic-ovaries-a-potential-pitfall-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Helen J Trihia, Maria Papazian, Natasa Novkovic, John Provatas, Sotiria Tsangouri, Dimitrios C Papatheodorou
Peritoneal keratin granulomatosis is a rare condition included under granulomatous lesions of the peritoneum. It can be secondary to neoplasms of the female genital tract and can mimic carcinomatosis intraoperatively. A case of a 40-year-old woman with a history of polycystic ovaries and a chief complaint of vaginal bleeding is presented. She was diagnosed with endometrioid adenocarcinoma with squamous differentiation in endometrial curettings. Intraoperatively, many peritoneal nodules were found, interpreted as peritoneal carcinomatosis...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502834/a-rare-case-of-intravesical-angiomyofibroblastoma
#14
Phanindra Mohan Deka, Jaynil A Bagawade, Pallavi Deka, Ronica Baruah, Naushad Shah
OBJECTIVES: To study the first reported case of intravesical Angiomyofibroblastoma (AMFB). AMFB is an uncommon benign mesenchymal lesion, mostly described in the lower female genital tract, especially in the vulva and less commonly the vagina. It is rarely seen in the male genital tract. The importance of this rare neoplasm is related to its potential mimicry of more infiltrative and prognostically less favorable lesions, such as aggressive angiomyxomas, that are found in the same anatomic area...
May 11, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502649/post-implantation-development-of-red-rumped-agouti-dasyprocta-leporina-linnaeus-1758
#15
Gleidson Benevides de Oliveira, Hélio Noberto de Araújo Júnior, Herson da Silva Costa, Alexandre Rodrigues Silva, Carlos Eduardo Bezerra de Moura, Hugo Alexandre de Oliveira Rocha, Maria Angélica Miglino, Moacir Franco de Oliveira
Fourteen pregnant agouti (Dasyprocta leporina Linnaeus, 1758) females at gestational ages of 30-100days and two at gestational ages of 55-100days, were studied, including 24 embryos/fetuses and two neonates (single offspring from two females). Females were euthanized and embryos/fetuses were examined, measured, and photographed. Embryos at 30days post-copulation were "C-shaped," with paddle-shaped limb buds and 10.75±0.11mm crown-rump length (CRL). In embryos at 35days post-copulation, paddle-shaped forelimbs, fin-shaped pelvic limbs, and a liver bud were evident, with 15...
May 2, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501717/assisting-asylum-seekers-in-a-time-of-global-forced-displacement-five%C3%A2-clinical-cases
#16
Katherine C McKenzie, Arielle Thomas
According to the United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees, over 65 million people were displaced from their homes due to conflict and persecution in 2015. Many physicians express an interest in human rights and a desire to assist this group of refugees and asylum seekers. Physicians are able to use their unique skills by performing medical forensic evaluations of individuals seeking asylum. Some asylum seekers have psychological or physical scars or functional abnormalities relating to injuries or ill-treatment they experience due to persecution...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499554/effectiveness-of-hpv-vaccines-against-genital-warts-in-women-from-valencia-spain
#17
Esther Navarro-Illana, Mónica López-Lacort, Pedro Navarro-Illana, Juan José Vilata, Javier Diez-Domingo
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of the HPV vaccines in preventing genital warts in young women. DESIGN: Population-based study using health databases. SETTING: Valencian Community (Spain). PARTICIPANTS: All girls and women aged 14-19years who were registered in the Valencian Community between January 2009 and December 2014 (n=279,787). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incident cases of genital warts were defined as the first activation of diagnosis code ICD-9-CM 078...
June 5, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499524/one-stage-gender-confirmation-surgery-as-a-viable-surgical-procedure-for-female-to-male-transsexuals
#18
Borko Stojanovic, Marta Bizic, Marko Bencic, Vladimir Kojovic, Marko Majstorovic, Milos Jeftovic, Dusan Stanojevic, Miroslav L Djordjevic
BACKGROUND: Female-to-male gender-confirmation surgery (GCS) includes removal of breasts and female genitalia and complete genital and urethral reconstruction. With a multidisciplinary approach, these procedures can be performed in one stage, avoiding multistage operations. AIM: To present our results of one-stage sex-reassignment surgery in female-to-male transsexuals and to emphasize the advantages of single-stage over multistage surgery. METHODS: During a period of 9 years (2007-2016), 473 patients (mean age = 31...
May 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499386/gender-equality-and-human-rights-approaches-to-female-genital-mutilation-a-review-of-international-human-rights-norms-and-standards
#19
REVIEW
Rajat Khosla, Joya Banerjee, Doris Chou, Lale Say, Susana T Fried
Two hundred million girls and women in the world are estimated to have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM), and another 15 million girls are at risk of experiencing it by 2020 in high prevalence countries (UNICEF, 2016. Female genital mutilation/cutting: a global concern. 2016). Despite decades of concerted efforts to eradicate or abandon the practice, and the increased need for clear guidance on the treatment and care of women who have undergone FGM, present efforts have not yet been able to effectively curb the number of women and girls subjected to this practice (UNICEF...
May 12, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499288/impact-of-number-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-doses-on-genital-warts-diagnoses-among-a-national-cohort-of-u-s-adolescents
#20
Rebecca B Perkins, Mengyun Lin, Sherrie F Wallington, Amresh Hanchate
BACKGROUND: The impact of fewer than 3 doses of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine on genital warts is uncertain. METHODS: Using the Truven Health Analytics Marketscan administrative database, we compared rates of genital warts among women receiving 0, 1, 2, or 3 doses of HPV vaccine. Females aged 9 to 18 years on January 1, 2007, who were continuously enrolled in the database through December 31, 2013, were included. Patients were assigned an HPV dose state (0, 1, 2, or 3) based on the last recorded dose...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
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