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Maxillofacial, cosmetic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891474/an-evaluation-of-use-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-in-the-management-of-dynamic-forehead-wrinkles-a-clinical-study
#1
Avvaru Susmita, Naga Neelima Devi Kolli, Sridhar Meka, Srinivas Pandi Chakravarthi, Vivekanand Sabanna Kattimani, Krishna Prasad Lingamaneni, Latheef Saheb Shaik
INTRODUCTION: The pursuit of youth and beauty has undergone a resurgence of interest which is evidenced by increasing cosmetic procedures. Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox) is one among the many procedures invented for facial rejuvenation which denervates certain muscles of facial expression responsible for facial wrinkles. It has been applied in the forehead, glabella, lateral canthal area and neck. In maxillofacial area hyperactive forehead wrinkles show sagging. AIM: This study was aimed to clinically evaluate the efficacy of Botox injection in the elimination of hyperdynamic forehead wrinkles and the objectives were to compare pre-operative and post-operative improvement in the number of wrinkles, photographic grading and patient satisfaction responses after 1(st) week, 4(th) week and 16(th) week...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875705/societal-preference-for-gender-of-surgeons-performing-patients-surgery
#2
Alyssa Franklin, Caroline K Carrico, Daniel M Laskin
PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that there may be a bias among some male oral and maxillofacial surgeons regarding women practicing in the specialty. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a similar bias in the general public. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a survey of 65 patients of various genders, educational levels, and ages asking them their surgeon gender preference for extraction of a tooth, removal of impacted third molars, and cosmetic surgery, as well as the reasons for their preference...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858078/-clinical-study-of-facial-artery-island-flap-for-reconstruction-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-tissue-defects-in-96-consecutive-patients
#3
Wei Wang, Chao-Bin Pan, Yu-Feng Chi, Pei Wang, Xi-Tao Tan, Yong Chen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical effect of facial artery island flap for immediate reconstruction of oral and maxillofacial defects. METHODS: From March 2007 to August 2015, the clinical data of 96 patients with facial artery island flap for reconstruction of oral and maxillofacial defects were recorded and analyzed, including 46 patients undergoing anterograde facial artery flap and 50 patients undergoing reversed facial artery flap. The short-term and long-term clinical effect, including receipt site, flap survival, facial appearance and function, and postoperative complications were investigated. RESULTS: The overall success rate for facial artery island flap was 96...
August 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833286/diagnostic-tools-in-maxillofacial-fractures-is-there-really-a-need-of-three-dimensional-computed-tomography
#4
Sheerin Shah, Sanjeev K Uppal, Rajinder K Mittal, Ramneesh Garg, Kavita Saggar, Rishi Dhawan
INTRODUCTION: Because of its functional and cosmetic importance, facial injuries, especially bony fractures are clinically very significant. Missed and maltreated fractures might result in malocclusion and disfigurement of the face, thus making accurate diagnosis of the fracture very essential. In earlier times, conventional radiography along with clinical examination played a major role in diagnosis of maxillofacial fractures. However, it was noted that the overlapping nature of bones and the inability to visualise soft tissue swelling and fracture displacement, especially in face, makes radiography less reliable and useful...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599222/applications-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-lymphedema
#5
Ahmet Akgül, Musa Cirak, Tansu Birinci
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous concentrated preparation of human platelets contained in a small volume of plasma that is characterized by hemostatic and tissue-repairing effects. Being enriched by various kinds of growth factors, and their tissue-repairing effects have made them the focus of attention for use in tissue regeneration. PRP has been safely used and documented in many different fields, including orthopedics, sports injuries, dental and periodontal surgery, and cosmetic, plastic, cardiovascular, general, and maxillofacial surgery...
September 6, 2016: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592023/use-of-a-modified-high-submandibular-approach-to-treat-condylar-base-fractures-experience-with-44-consecutive-cases-treated-in-a-single-institution
#6
Mauro Pau, Kawe Navisany, Knut Ernst Reinbacher, Tomislav Zrnc, Jürgen Wallner, Katja Schwenzer-Zimmerer
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to present our experience treating fractures of the condylar base with a modification of the high submandibular approach (HSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between June 2012 and April 2015, 44 fractures of the condylar base were treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Medical Hospital of Graz using the modified HSA. RESULTS: We did not observe any damage (even transient) to the facial nerve or any complication related to violation of the parotid capsule (such as a salivary fistula, Frey syndrome, or a sialocele)...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536913/analysis-of-fractured-mandible-over-two-decades
#7
Melike Oruç, Veysel Murat Işik, Yüksel Kankaya, Koray Gürsoy, Nezih Sungur, Gürcan Aslan, Uğur Koçer
Mandible fractures have a special place within the injuries of the other bones of the maxillofacial system. In their management, cosmetic issues and functional aspects such as chewing, speaking, and swallowing become very important.In this study, a retrospective analysis of 419 mandible fractures in 283 patients was performed in relation to epidemiologic factors, treatment strategies, and complications. The average age was 32.14 years (4-69 years). The male/female ratio was 4/1. The most frequent etiologic factor was interpersonal violence (104 patients, 36...
September 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391509/rehabilitation-of-patient-of-glass-cut-injury-with-forehead-flap-repositioning-and-implant-retained-nasal-prosthesis
#8
Gunjan Pruthi, Kirti Bansal, Rakesh Sharma, Ruchi Goel, Nidhi Mangtani, Veena Jain
Traumatic injuries, especially in maxillofacial region, not only lead to physical debilitation but also cause severe psychological distress in the affected individuals. Complete cosmetic and functional rehabilitation of such patients is a challenging task and thus requires a strategic treatment planning and a multidisciplinary team to execute the treatment. This patient report presents a patient who suffered with a severe glass cut injury leading to massive avulsion of face involving forehead, nose, upper lip, and anterior teeth...
July 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27273806/characterising-the-variations-in-ethnic-skin-colours-a-new-calibrated-data-base-for-human-skin
#9
K Xiao, J M Yates, F Zardawi, S Sueeprasan, N Liao, L Gill, C Li, S Wuerger
BACKGROUND: Accurate skin colour measurements are important for numerous medical applications including the diagnosis and treatment of cutaneous disorders and the provision of maxillofacial soft tissue prostheses. METHODS: In this study, we obtained accurate skin colour measurements from four different ethnic groups (Caucasian, Chinese, Kurdish, Thai) and at four different body locations (Forehead, cheek, inner arm, back of hand) with a view of establishing a new skin colour database for medical and cosmetic applications...
June 8, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186871/piezotome-rhinoplasty-reduces-postsurgical-morbidity-and-enhances-patient-satisfaction-a-multidisciplinary-clinical-study
#10
Angelo Troedhan
PURPOSE: Experimental and clinical studies in various fields of oral and maxillofacial surgery suggest the use of piezotomes to reduce postsurgical morbidity and enhance healing. The aim of the study was to investigate if rhinoplasty surgery with piezotomes might decrease postsurgical morbidity and increase overall patient satisfaction when compared with rhinoplasty with traditional instruments and protocols. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective clinical study, patients in a cosmetic surgery department, ear-nose-throat (ENT) department, and the department for maxillofacial surgery, scheduled for cosmetic reductive rhinoplasty, underwent rhinoplasty with traditional instruments or an ultrasonic surgical device called a "piezotome...
August 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021266/functional-and-cosmetic-outcome-after-closure-of-radial-forearm-free-flap-donor-defect-with-porcine-collagen-membrane
#11
Soo-Hwan Byun, Kang-Min Ahn, Soung-Min Kim, Jong-Ho Lee
INTRODUCTION: Disadvantages of the radial forearm free flap (RFFF) are related to the forearm donor site, which requires skin grafting for closure. Due to that matter, an alternative technique using porcine collagen membrane instead of skin grafting was considered and evaluated for its efficacy of donor defect closure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten patients requiring reconstruction of oral & maxillofacial defect underwent the single-staged reconstruction with the RFFF...
May 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26994455/does-practice-type-determine-the-complexity-of-patients-encountered-for-orthognathic-surgery
#12
Douglas A Denson, Peter D Waite, Hari Digumarthi, Joshua E Everts
PURPOSE: This study sought to determine whether the type of oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) practice dictated the complexity of patients encountered for orthognathic surgery and to determine whether there were meaningful differences in comorbidities between patient groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of orthognathic surgical patients operated on by surgeons at an academic medical center (AMC; OMS department at the University of Alabama-Birmingham) compared with a private practice (PP) group that also operated at the AMC auxiliary facility...
August 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26894244/demographics-training-satisfaction-and-career-plans-of-canadian-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-residents
#13
J Gigliotti, N Makhoul
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the demographics, training satisfaction, and career plans of Canadian oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents. A cross-sectional study was conducted using an anonymous online survey that was distributed via e-mail to all current Canadian OMS residents. The completion rate of this survey was 88.9%. Eighty percent of residents were satisfied with their surgical education overall. Residents were most satisfied with their training in the areas of facial trauma and orthognathic surgery...
December 2015: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26830068/cervical-silicone-lymphadenopathy
#14
Latoni Kaysha Gilbert, Janavikulam Thiruchelvam
A patient presented to the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery with a rare case of cervical silicone lymphadenopathy. She had a painless ovoid mass in the left side of her neck and had had cosmetic breast augmentation 10 years before. Radiological imaging and core biopsy examination were consistent with silicone lymphadenopathy.
July 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26451362/long-term-clinical-and-experimental-surface-analytical-studies-of-carbon-carbon-maxillofacial-implants
#15
György Szabó, József Barabás, Sándor Bogdán, Zsolt Németh, Béla Sebők, Gábor Kiss
BACKGROUND: Over the past 30-40 years, various carbon implant materials have become more interesting, because they are well accepted by the biological environment. The traditional carbon-based polymers give rise to many complications. The polymer complication may be eliminated through carbon fibres bound by pyrocarbon (carbon/carbon). The aim of this study is to present the long-term clinical results of carbon/carbon implants, and the results of the scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive spectrometer investigation of an implant retrieved from the human body after 8 years...
December 2015: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26301135/a-comprehensive-strategy-for-reconstruction-of-a-missing-midface
#16
Yanpu Liu, Qin Ma, Jinlong Zhao, Lei Tian, Shizhu Bai, Baolin Liu, Yimin Zhao
The loss of midface structures always leads to significant functional and cosmetic deficits, and the reconstruction work remains a challenge for surgeons. We report a rare case with severe midfacial defects involving the maxilla, nasal bone, and zygoma. This patient was treated with a comprehensive approach that included distraction osteogenesis, computer-aided surgery, a fibula bone graft, dental implantation, orthognathic surgery, and rhinoplasty. The treatment procedures required 4 years to complete, and a dramatically improved facial contour and stable occlusion were achieved...
July 2015: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26192031/modification-of-blair-approach-with-a-modified-endaural-component-to-access-the-parotid-region
#17
Humberto Fernández Olarte, Andrés Gómez-Delgado, Andrea Rivera-Guzmán
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to present our experience with a modification of the Blair approach to the parotid area, by means of a modified endaural component, which provides both excellent exposure and optimal functional and esthetic results, mainly over the preauricular area. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective case series study was performed. It included surgical cases of patients who were operated on the parotid region in which the mentioned approach was indicated...
September 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26145471/-elaboration-of-health-care-quality-criteria-in-maxillofacial-surgery
#18
A A Kulakov, V G Butova, T Z Chkadua
Criteria of quality of care in oral and maxillofacial surgery should reflect not only the quality of the repair functions of chewing, swallowing, breathing, speech, and should take into account the psycho-emotional condition of the patient; satisfaction of its appearance, quality cosmetic fill configuration of the face, tooth defects, smiles; adaptation to implants and dentures; their quality, the conditions and possibilities of their use. The application of the provisions of the international classification of functioning, disability and health in oral and maxillofacial surgery, is a condition that will allow to unify the approaches to the development of quality criteria of this type of medical care...
2015: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26028850/evaluation-of-non-vascular-fibula-graft-for-mandibular-reconstruction
#19
Sathya Kumar Devireddy, M Senthil Murugan, R V Kishore Kumar, Rajasekhar Gali, Sridhar Reddy Kanubaddy, M Sunayana
INTRODUCTION: Functional and cosmetic defects in maxillofacial region are caused by various ailments like trauma, neoplasm, developmental, infections and iatrogenic causes. Reconstruction of these defects with free flaps remains the gold standard but demerits like need for surgical expertise and equipment, prolonged duration of surgery, compliance of the patient and increased cost are associated with microvascular reconstruction. Hence reconstruction with nonvascular bone grafts can be considered when defect is nonirradiated and <9 cm and with sufficient soft tissue cover available...
June 2015: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25805288/pneumosinus-dilatans-rare-cause-of-slowly-changing-frontal-contours
#20
Jed Bouguila, Maha Ben Rejeb, Monia Omezzine, Radhouan Mani, Habib Khochtali
UNLABELLED: Frontal pneumosinus dilatans is a rare entity that is documented only by a few reports. It is an abnormal expansion of the aerated frontal sinus, with sinus walls of normal thickness. The expansion of the bone may be generalized or focal. It is not only an aesthetic problem but may also have functional consequences. We herein present the case of a 23-year-old woman who had been referred to the maxillofacial and plastic unit in Sousse (Tunisia) complaining of a prominence on her right supraorbital region and forehead...
March 2015: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
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