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Maxillofacial, cosmetic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387298/prosthetics-in-facial-reconstruction
#1
REVIEW
Jaclyn Klimczak, Samuel Helman, Sameep Kadakia, Raja Sawhney, Manoj Abraham, Allison K Vest, Yadranko Ducic
Reconstruction of the head and neck can be a challenging undertaking owing to numerous considerations for successful rehabilitation. Although head and neck defects were once considered irretrievably morbid and associated with a poor quality of life, advances in surgical technique has immensely contributed to the well-being of these patients. However, all patients are not suitable surgical candidates and many have sought nonsurgical options for functional and cosmetic restoration. As such, the advent of prostheses has ameliorated those concerns and provided a viable alternative for select patient populations...
March 2018: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307586/cosmetic-facial-surgery-are-online-resources-reliable-and-do-patients-understand-them
#2
D H Awal, C Mills
Our aim was to assess the quality and readability of online resources regarding common cosmetic maxillofacial procedures. We searched Google for "rhytidectomy", "rhinoplasty", "orthognathic surgery", "genioplasty", "malar implants", "blepharoplasty", "otoplasty", and related terms. In each case we assessed the top 50 results for quality and readability. Quality was measured using the DISCERN questionnaire, benchmark criteria published by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), and accreditation by the HONcode (Health On the Net code)...
January 4, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287925/ewing-s-sarcoma-of-the-maxillofacial-region-in-greek-children-report-of-6-cases-and-literature-review
#3
Ioannis Iatrou, Nadia Theologie-Lygidakis, Ourania Schoinohoriti, Fotios Tzermpos, Anastassios I Mylonas
BACKGROUND: The rarity of Ewing's sarcoma (ES) in the maxillofacial region of children, coupled with the technical challenge of resection and associated functional and cosmetic impairment has resulted in deficient data regarding the optimal local control of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience in the management of primary maxillofacial ES in children, focusing on the therapeutic modalities for local control of the disease. STUDY DESIGN: Single institution observational study...
February 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208942/endoscope-assisted-resection-of-nonneoplastic-space-occupying-lesion-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-areas
#4
Yanan Li, Runqi Xue, Qingguo Lai, Bingbing Xu, Kuifeng Yuan, Xiaopeng Tang, Jiangbo Ci, Shaolong Sun, Zhichao Zhang
Endoscope-assisted oral and maxillofacial surgeries have been applied to the resection of tumors with minimal invasion and good cosmetic outcomes. However, with regard to endoscope-assisted resection of nonneoplastic space-occupying lesion (NSOL) in oral and maxillofacial areas which differ from tumors in treatment, there are no systematic reports. Therefore the advantages and limitations of the endoscopy-assisted approach (EAA) in resection of NSOL remain unclear. In this novel study we describe endoscope technique for resection of NSOL in face and submandibular areas and compare the feasibility and effectiveness of EAA with external approach (EA)...
December 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122305/reconstruction-of-cranioplasty-using-medpor-porouspolyethylene-implant
#5
B Marlier, J-C Kleiber, M Bannwarth, E Theret, C Eap, C F Litre
INTRODUCTION: We describe our experience of cranioplasty after a calvarial defect, following an external decompressive craniectomy, with the Medpor® (Stryker®) porous polyethylene implant for cosmetic cranioplasty and reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 23 consecutive patients who underwent cranioplasty at a single institution between January 2013 and January 2016: 9 patients after head injury and 14 patients after vascular event (ruptured aneurysm, intraprenchymal haematoma, malignant cerebrovascular accident)...
December 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987224/controversies-in-traditional-oral-and-maxillofacial-reconstruction
#6
REVIEW
John S Vorrasi, Antonia Kolokythas
Traditional reconstruction of the head and neck and significantly evolved over the last 20 to 30 years with advances in microvascular surgery, biologic materials such as bone morphogenic protein, and dental implant predictability. Earlier and more definitive reconstruction can now be achieved with combining therapies, allowing patients immediate restoration of function and improved cosmetics. Antiresorptive medications, such as Denosumab and bisphosphonates, have complicated bony reconstruction treatments with altered biology and less-predictable results...
November 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944220/determinants-for-further-wishes-for-cosmetic-and-reconstructive-interventions-in-1652-patients-with-surgical-treated-carcinomas-of-the-oral-cavity
#7
Henrik Holtmann, Simon Spalthoff, Nils-Claudius Gellrich, Jörg Handschel, Julian Lommen, Norbert R Kübler, Gertrud Krüskemper, Majeed Rana, Karoline Sander
BACKGROUND: The impairment of the appearance is a major problem for patients with carcinomas of the oral cavity. These patients want to recover their preoperative facial appearance. Some do not realize that this is not always possible and hence develop a desire for further cosmetic and reconstructive surgery (CRS) which often causes psychological problems. METHOD: The desire of patients for CRS (N = 410; 26%) has been acquired in this DÖSAK rehab study including multiple reasons such as medical, functional, aesthetic and psychosocial aspects...
December 2017: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718201/granulomatous-reaction-to-hyaluronic-acid-filler-material-in-oral-and-perioral-region-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
REVIEW
Carlos Eduardo P Alcântara, Mariana S Noronha, Joanna F Cunha, Isadora L Flores, Ricardo A Mesquita
The use of cosmetic fillers agents in orofacial region has become more often used for esthetic concern. Although adverse effects are rare, some patients may develop foreign body reaction to such fillers. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a biomaterial in the spotlight, because it is normally present in several tissues of human body. The aim of this study was to report a case of a 54-year-old white woman with granulomatous reaction to the HA located in the lips. In addition, a review of the English-language literature of all previously described cases of this condition in oral and perioral region was performed...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717295/animal-inflicted-maxillofacial-injuries-treatment-modalities-and-our-experience
#9
Anjani Kumar Yadav, Mehul Rajesh Jaisani, Leeza Pradhan, Ashok Dongol, Arpita Singh, Pradeep Acharya, Alok Sagtani
INTRODUCTION: Animal inflicted injuries to the face and neck are becoming much more common as people lavish affection on pets. Injuries caused by animal attacks to the face can cause complex injuries to soft and hard tissues, presented as perforations, lacerations, crushes, avulsion or fractures. An uncountable number of bacteria and virus can be found in such injuries, with a potential pathological effect to humans, regarding infections. Although the infection rate is low due to excellent blood supply to face, the injuries have disfiguring effect with possible psychological repercussion to the patients...
September 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660906/robotic-surgical-systems-in-maxillofacial-surgery-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Hang-Hang Liu, Long-Jiang Li, Bin Shi, Chun-Wei Xu, En Luo
Throughout the twenty-first century, robotic surgery has been used in multiple oral surgical procedures for the treatment of head and neck tumors and non-malignant diseases. With the assistance of robotic surgical systems, maxillofacial surgery is performed with less blood loss, fewer complications, shorter hospitalization and better cosmetic results than standard open surgery. However, the application of robotic surgery techniques to the treatment of head and neck diseases remains in an experimental stage, and the long-lasting effects on surgical morbidity, oncologic control and quality of life are yet to be established...
June 2017: International Journal of Oral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468174/the-strategy-of-delayed-reconstruction-of-the-mandible-in-war-injuries
#11
Firas Taha Ahmed, Marwa Turkey Aljeuary
The most common causes of mandibular defects are ablative surgery of benign or malignant tumors, severe trauma, inflammatory diseases, and osteoradionecrosis. War injuries are another cause for mandibular defect. Reconstruction of the mandible is considered a challenge to the maxillofacial surgeon due to the accompanying functional and cosmetic importance. The object of this article was to show the role of nonvascularized bone graft in the reconstruction of segmental defect of the mandible resulted from projectiles and its snags...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216838/color-matching-in-facial-prosthetics-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Rani Ranabhatt, Kamleshwar Singh, Ramashanker Siddharth, Shuchi Tripathi, Deeksha Arya
Color matching to the surrounding skin is extremely important in patients wearing maxillofacial prostheses. It is of utmost importance to know the different techniques of color matching and coloring in maxillofacial prostheses. The purpose of this study is to review the literature data with regard to color matching in maxillofacial prosthetics. An electronic search of peer review restricted to English language dental literature was conducted to identify the relevant scientific article on color matching and coloring in maxillofacial prostheses...
January 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202996/-surgical-reconstruction-of-maxillary-defects-using-a-computer-assisted-techniques
#13
W B Zhang, Y Yu, Y Wang, X J Liu, C Mao, C B Guo, G Y Yu, X Peng
The maxilla is the most important bony support of the mid-face skeleton and is critical for both esthetics and function. Maxillary defects, resulting from tumor resection, can cause severe functional and cosmetic deformities. Furthermore, maxillary reconstruction presents a great challenge for oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Nowadays, vascularized composite bone flap transfer has been widely used for functional maxillary reconstruction. In the last decade, we have performed a comprehensive research on functional maxillary reconstruction with free fibula flap and reported excellent functional and acceptable esthetic results...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118503/cad-cam-assisted-auricular-prosthesis-fabrication-for-a-quick-precise-and-more-retentive-outcome-a-clinical-report
#14
Sushma Yadav, Aparna Ichangod Narayan, Archit Choudhry, Dhanasekar Balakrishnan
Auricular defects comprise a large proportion of maxillofacial deformities. Most patients with acquired deformities have psychosocial ineptness and seek cosmetic rehabilitation. Although minor defects can be corrected surgically, extensive deformities are difficult to reconstruct with plastic surgery. Contrary to that, prosthetic restoration can provide excellent esthetic results. The conventional methods of maxillofacial prosthesis fabrication are time consuming and the outcome depends on the technician's skill...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891474/an-evaluation-of-use-of-botulinum-toxin-type-a-in-the-management-of-dynamic-forehead-wrinkles-a-clinical-study
#15
Avvaru Susmita, Naga Neelima Devi Kolli, Sridhar Meka, Srinivas Pandi Chakravarthi, Vivekanand Sabanna Kattimani, Krishna Prasad Lingamaneni, Latheef Saheb Shaik
INTRODUCTION: The pursuit of youth and beauty has undergone a resurgence of interest which is evidenced by increasing cosmetic procedures. Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox) is one among the many procedures invented for facial rejuvenation which denervates certain muscles of facial expression responsible for facial wrinkles. It has been applied in the forehead, glabella, lateral canthal area and neck. In maxillofacial area hyperactive forehead wrinkles show sagging. AIM: This study was aimed to clinically evaluate the efficacy of Botox injection in the elimination of hyperdynamic forehead wrinkles and the objectives were to compare pre-operative and post-operative improvement in the number of wrinkles, photographic grading and patient satisfaction responses after 1(st) week, 4(th) week and 16(th) week...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875705/societal-preference-for-gender-of-surgeons-performing-patients-surgery
#16
Alyssa Franklin, Caroline K Carrico, Daniel M Laskin
PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown that there may be a bias among some male oral and maxillofacial surgeons regarding women practicing in the specialty. The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a similar bias in the general public. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a survey of 65 patients of various genders, educational levels, and ages asking them their surgeon gender preference for extraction of a tooth, removal of impacted third molars, and cosmetic surgery, as well as the reasons for their preference...
March 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858078/-clinical-study-of-facial-artery-island-flap-for-reconstruction-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-tissue-defects-in-96-consecutive-patients
#17
Wei Wang, Chao-Bin Pan, Yu-Feng Chi, Pei Wang, Xi-Tao Tan, Yong Chen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical effect of facial artery island flap for immediate reconstruction of oral and maxillofacial defects. METHODS: From March 2007 to August 2015, the clinical data of 96 patients with facial artery island flap for reconstruction of oral and maxillofacial defects were recorded and analyzed, including 46 patients undergoing anterograde facial artery flap and 50 patients undergoing reversed facial artery flap. The short-term and long-term clinical effect, including receipt site, flap survival, facial appearance and function, and postoperative complications were investigated. RESULTS: The overall success rate for facial artery island flap was 96...
August 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833286/diagnostic-tools-in-maxillofacial-fractures-is-there-really-a-need-of-three-dimensional-computed-tomography
#18
Sheerin Shah, Sanjeev K Uppal, Rajinder K Mittal, Ramneesh Garg, Kavita Saggar, Rishi Dhawan
INTRODUCTION: Because of its functional and cosmetic importance, facial injuries, especially bony fractures are clinically very significant. Missed and maltreated fractures might result in malocclusion and disfigurement of the face, thus making accurate diagnosis of the fracture very essential. In earlier times, conventional radiography along with clinical examination played a major role in diagnosis of maxillofacial fractures. However, it was noted that the overlapping nature of bones and the inability to visualise soft tissue swelling and fracture displacement, especially in face, makes radiography less reliable and useful...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599222/applications-of-platelet-rich-plasma-in-lymphedema
#19
REVIEW
Ahmet Akgül, Musa Cirak, Tansu Birinci
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous concentrated preparation of human platelets contained in a small volume of plasma that is characterized by hemostatic and tissue-repairing effects. Being enriched by various kinds of growth factors, and their tissue-repairing effects have made them the focus of attention for use in tissue regeneration. PRP has been safely used and documented in many different fields, including orthopedics, sports injuries, dental and periodontal surgery, and cosmetic, plastic, cardiovascular, general, and maxillofacial surgery...
December 2016: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592023/use-of-a-modified-high-submandibular-approach-to-treat-condylar-base-fractures-experience-with-44-consecutive-cases-treated-in-a-single-institution
#20
Mauro Pau, Kawe Navisany, Knut Ernst Reinbacher, Tomislav Zrnc, Jürgen Wallner, Katja Schwenzer-Zimmerer
PURPOSE: The aim of this article is to present our experience treating fractures of the condylar base with a modification of the high submandibular approach (HSA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between June 2012 and April 2015, 44 fractures of the condylar base were treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of the Medical Hospital of Graz using the modified HSA. RESULTS: We did not observe any damage (even transient) to the facial nerve or any complication related to violation of the parotid capsule (such as a salivary fistula, Frey syndrome, or a sialocele)...
October 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
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