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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077846/relaxation-in-technique-leading-to-new-beginnings
#1
Endre Koritar
This paper explores how standard analytic technique may result in a repetition of past traumatic experiences in the transference and countertransference analytic situation. Relaxation and elasticity of technique can lead to re-integration of previously fragmented ego functions, and in remembering and re-experiencing of previously repressed symbolic representations of fragmenting past traumatic experiences, resulting in neocatharsis and working through, thus healing wounds and scars sustained in self development...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073810/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-non-motor-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-clinical-review
#2
Ivan Koychev, David Okai
Neuropsychiatric symptoms are common in Parkinson's disease (PD) and have a disproportionate impact on quality of life and carer burden. Pharmacological treatment is the main approach in dealing with these symptoms, but it is limited by variable efficacy and risk of drug interactions. Non-pharmacological approaches using the cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) model are viable alternatives and in this review paper we summarise the evidence of CBT for three of the most common psychiatric manifestations of PD: depression and anxiety, impulse-control disorders and insomnia...
January 10, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063324/racial-ethnic-differences-in-electronic-cigarette-knowledge-social-norms-and-risk-perceptions-among-current-and-former-smokers
#3
Monica Webb Hooper, Stephanie K Kolar
Psychosocial factors that may affect electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) initiation or maintenance among racial/ethnic minorities are not well-understood. This study examined racial/ethnic differences in e-cigarette knowledge, risk perceptions, and social norms among current and former smokers. Individuals with a tobacco smoking history and an awareness of e-cigarettes (N=285) were recruited from the community from June to August 2014. Telephone-administered surveys assessed demographics, smoking status, and e-cigarette knowledge, risk perceptions, and normative beliefs...
December 26, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998257/the-epidemiology-of-teaching-and-training-general-practices-in-england
#4
Eliot L Rees, Simon P Gay, Robert K McKinley
There is no national picture of teaching and training practices or the communities they serve. We aimed to describe the association between general practices' engagement with education and their characteristics, locality and patients' health-status and satisfaction. This data linkage study of all English practices calculated odds ratios for teaching and training status and practice, locality and patient variables. Teaching and training practices are larger than practices which do neither (mean list size (SD) 7074 (3736), 10112 (4934), and 5327 (3368) respectively, p < 0...
November 2016: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975196/economic-studies-in-motor-neurone-disease-a-systematic-methodological-review
#5
REVIEW
Alan Moore, Carolyn A Young, Dyfrig A Hughes
BACKGROUND: Motor neurone disease (MND) is a devastating condition which greatly diminishes patients' quality of life and limits life expectancy. Health technology appraisals of future interventions in MND need robust data on costs and utilities. Existing economic evaluations have been noted to be limited and fraught with challenges. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify and critique methodological aspects of all published economic evaluations, cost studies, and utility studies in MND...
December 14, 2016: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845651/non-contact-pressure-based-sleep-wake-discrimination
#6
Lorcan Walsh, Sean McLoone, Joesph Ronda, Jeanne F Duffy, Charles A Czeisler
Poor sleep is increasingly being recognised as an important prognostic parameter of health. For those with suspected sleep disorders, patients are referred to sleep clinics which guide treatment. However, sleep clinics are not always a viable option due to their high cost, a lack of experienced practitioners, lengthy waiting lists and an unrepresentative sleeping environment. A home-based non-contact sleep/wake monitoring system may be used as a guide for treatment potentially stratifying patients by clinical need or highlighting longitudinal changes in sleep and nocturnal patterns...
October 25, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836636/influence-of-bmi-and-dietary-restraint-on-self-selected-portions-of-prepared-meals-in-us-women
#7
David Labbe, Andréas Rytz, Jeffrey M Brunstrom, Ciarán G Forde, Nathalie Martin
The rise of obesity prevalence has been attributed in part to an increase in food and beverage portion sizes selected and consumed among overweight and obese consumers. Nevertheless, evidence from observations of adults is mixed and contradictory findings might reflect the use of small or unrepresentative samples. The objective of this study was i) to determine the extent to which BMI and dietary restraint predict self-selected portion sizes for a range of commercially available prepared savoury meals and ii) to consider the importance of these variables relative to two previously established predictors of portion selection, expected satiation and expected liking...
November 8, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813058/resolving-malpractice-claims-after-tort-reform-experience-in-a-self-insured-texas-public-academic-health-system
#8
William M Sage, Molly Colvard Harding, Eric J Thomas
OBJECTIVE: To describe the litigation experience in a state with strict tort reform of a large public university health system that has committed to transparency with patients and families in resolving medical errors. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Secondary data collected from The University of Texas System, which self-insures approximately 6,000 physicians at six health campuses across the state. We obtained internal case management data for all medical malpractice claims closed during 1 year before and 6 recent years following the enactment of state tort reform legislation...
December 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770170/heterogeneity-of-cd8-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-impact-on%C3%A2-patient-prognostic-assessments-and-comparison-of-quantification-by-different-sampling-strategies
#9
Joseph M Obeid, Nolan A Wages, Yinin Hu, Donna H Deacon, Craig L Slingluff
INTRODUCTION: Infiltration of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by CD8(+) T lymphocytes predicts improved patient survival; however, heterogeneity of intratumoral localization complicates this assessment. Strategies for tumor sampling may not accurately represent the whole tumor. We hypothesized that sampling strategies may alter the identification of tumors with high CD8 density and affect the prognostic significance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three primary NSCLC tumors were immunohistochemically stained for CD8 and were assessed using automated software with eight different sampling strategies or the whole tumor...
October 21, 2016: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716024/genetic-composition-of-captive-panda-population
#10
Jiandong Yang, Fujun Shen, Rong Hou, Yang Da
BACKGROUND: A major function of the captive panda population is to preserve the genetic diversity of wild panda populations in their natural habitats. Understanding the genetic composition of the captive panda population in terms of genetic contributions from the wild panda populations provides necessary knowledge for breeding plans to preserve the genetic diversity of the wild panda populations. RESULTS: The genetic contributions from different wild populations to the captive panda population were highly unbalanced, with Qionglai accounting for 52...
October 3, 2016: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706270/medical-decision-making-for-unrepresented-patients
#11
Herbert Rakatansky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2016: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668031/assessing-methods-for-generalizing-experimental-impact-estimates-to-target-populations
#12
Holger L Kern, Elizabeth A Stuart, Jennifer Hill, Donald P Green
Randomized experiments are considered the gold standard for causal inference, as they can provide unbiased estimates of treatment effects for the experimental participants. However, researchers and policymakers are often interested in using a specific experiment to inform decisions about other target populations. In education research, increasing attention is being paid to the potential lack of generalizability of randomized experiments, as the experimental participants may be unrepresentative of the target population of interest...
2016: Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664130/the-environment-ontology-in-2016-bridging-domains-with-increased-scope-semantic-density-and-interoperation
#13
Pier Luigi Buttigieg, Evangelos Pafilis, Suzanna E Lewis, Mark P Schildhauer, Ramona L Walls, Christopher J Mungall
BACKGROUND: The Environment Ontology (ENVO; http://www.environmentontology.org/ ), first described in 2013, is a resource and research target for the semantically controlled description of environmental entities. The ontology's initial aim was the representation of the biomes, environmental features, and environmental materials pertinent to genomic and microbiome-related investigations. However, the need for environmental semantics is common to a multitude of fields, and ENVO's use has steadily grown since its initial description...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644338/relaxation-in-technique-leading-to-new-beginnings
#14
Endre Koritar
This paper explores how standard analytic technique may result in a repetition of past traumatic experiences in the transference and countertransference analytic situation. Relaxation and elasticity of technique can lead to re-integration of previously fragmented ego functions, and in remembering and re-experiencing of previously repressed symbolic representations of fragmenting past traumatic experiences, resulting in neocatharsis and working through, thus healing wounds and scars sustained in self development...
September 19, 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617059/advances-in-biodiversity-metagenomics-and-the-unveiling-of-biological-dark-matter
#15
Robert J Robbins, Leonard Krishtalka, John C Wooley
BACKGROUND: Efforts to harmonize genomic data standards used by the biodiversity and metagenomic research communities have shown that prokaryotic data cannot be understood or represented in a traditional, classical biological context for conceptual reasons, not technical ones. RESULTS: Biology, like physics, has a fundamental duality-the classical macroscale eukaryotic realm vs. the quantum microscale microbial realm-with the two realms differing profoundly, and counter-intuitively, from one another...
2016: Standards in Genomic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27555429/participant-preferences-for-pharmacologic-chronic-pain-treatment-trial-characteristics-an-acttion-adaptive-choice-based-conjoint-study
#16
Shannon M Smith, Jennifer S Gewandter, Rachel A Kitt, John D Markman, Janet A Vaughan, Penney Cowan, Ernest A Kopecky, Richard Malamut, Alesia Sadosky, Leslie Tive, Dennis C Turk, Robert H Dworkin
: Barriers to clinical trial recruitment can delay study completion, potentially resulting in increased costs and an unrepresentative sample. In the current study of 150 participants with chronic pain, we used a computerized adaptive choice-based conjoint survey that included 8 characteristics that may affect enrollment in pharmacologic pain treatment trials (ie, treatment allocation, frequency of pain ratings, treatment administration method, current medications, number of study visits, availability of evening and weekend visits, invasiveness of laboratory procedures, payment)...
November 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516861/downscaling-patterns-of-complementarity-to-a-finer-resolution-and-its-implications-for-conservation-prioritization
#17
Fábio Suzart de Albuquerque, Paul Beier
Given species inventories of all sites in a planning area, integer programming or heuristic algorithms can prioritize sites in terms of the site's complementary value, that is, the ability of the site to complement (add unrepresented species to) other sites prioritized for conservation. The utility of these procedures is limited because distributions of species are typically available only as coarse atlases or range maps, whereas conservation planners need to prioritize relatively small sites. If such coarse-resolution information can be used to identify small sites that efficiently represent species (i...
June 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513444/rethinking-the-pregnancy-planning-paradigm-unintended-conceptions-or-unrepresentative-concepts
#18
Abigail R A Aiken, Sonya Borrero, Lisa S Callegari, Christine Dehlendorf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509831/predicting-bee-community-responses-to-land-use-changes-effects-of-geographic-and-taxonomic-biases
#19
Adriana De Palma, Stefan Abrahamczyk, Marcelo A Aizen, Matthias Albrecht, Yves Basset, Adam Bates, Robin J Blake, Céline Boutin, Rob Bugter, Stuart Connop, Leopoldo Cruz-López, Saul A Cunningham, Ben Darvill, Tim Diekötter, Silvia Dorn, Nicola Downing, Martin H Entling, Nina Farwig, Antonio Felicioli, Steven J Fonte, Robert Fowler, Markus Franzén, Dave Goulson, Ingo Grass, Mick E Hanley, Stephen D Hendrix, Farina Herrmann, Felix Herzog, Andrea Holzschuh, Birgit Jauker, Michael Kessler, M E Knight, Andreas Kruess, Patrick Lavelle, Violette Le Féon, Pia Lentini, Louise A Malone, Jon Marshall, Eliana Martínez Pachón, Quinn S McFrederick, Carolina L Morales, Sonja Mudri-Stojnic, Guiomar Nates-Parra, Sven G Nilsson, Erik Öckinger, Lynne Osgathorpe, Alejandro Parra-H, Carlos A Peres, Anna S Persson, Theodora Petanidou, Katja Poveda, Eileen F Power, Marino Quaranta, Carolina Quintero, Romina Rader, Miriam H Richards, T'ai Roulston, Laurent Rousseau, Jonathan P Sadler, Ulrika Samnegård, Nancy A Schellhorn, Christof Schüepp, Oliver Schweiger, Allan H Smith-Pardo, Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter, Jane C Stout, Rebecca K Tonietto, Teja Tscharntke, Jason M Tylianakis, Hans A F Verboven, Carlos H Vergara, Jort Verhulst, Catrin Westphal, Hyung Joo Yoon, Andy Purvis
Land-use change and intensification threaten bee populations worldwide, imperilling pollination services. Global models are needed to better characterise, project, and mitigate bees' responses to these human impacts. The available data are, however, geographically and taxonomically unrepresentative; most data are from North America and Western Europe, overrepresenting bumblebees and raising concerns that model results may not be generalizable to other regions and taxa. To assess whether the geographic and taxonomic biases of data could undermine effectiveness of models for conservation policy, we have collated from the published literature a global dataset of bee diversity at sites facing land-use change and intensification, and assess whether bee responses to these pressures vary across 11 regions (Western, Northern, Eastern and Southern Europe; North, Central and South America; Australia and New Zealand; South East Asia; Middle and Southern Africa) and between bumblebees and other bees...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27464508/a-cost-analysis-of-introducing-an-infectious-disease-specialist-guided-antimicrobial-stewardship-in-an-area-with-relatively-low-prevalence-of-antimicrobial-resistance
#20
Peter Lanbeck, Gunnel Ragnarson Tennvall, Fredrik Resman
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial stewardship programs have been widely introduced in hospitals as a response to increasing antimicrobial resistance. Although such programs are commonly used, the long-term effects on antimicrobial resistance as well as societal economics are uncertain. METHODS: We performed a cost analysis of an antimicrobial stewardship program introduced in Malmö, Sweden in 20 weeks 2013 compared with a corresponding control period in 2012. All direct costs and opportunity costs related to the stewardship intervention were calculated for both periods...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
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