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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578291/feasibility-of-bidirectional-text-messages-in-evaluating-a-text-based-nutrition-education-program-for-low-income-parents-results-from-the-text2bhealthy-program
#1
Stephanie K Grutzmacher, Ashley L Munger, Katherine E Speirs, Lindsey A Zemeir, Kate C Richard, Laryessa Worthington
Text messages are increasingly used in the delivery of health education programs. One appealing aspect of this approach is the possibility of remotely collecting participant data to use in program tailoring or evaluation. The purpose of the present study is to test the feasibility of using text messages to collect participant data. Using data from 33 texted evaluation questions sent through the Text2BHealthy nutrition education program for low-income parents (n=108-1521) response rates under different incentive and prompting strategies were examined...
October 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575664/the-persistent-sampling-bias-in-developmental-psychology-a-call-to-action
#2
Mark Nielsen, Daniel Haun, Joscha Kärtner, Cristine H Legare
Psychology must confront the bias in its broad literature toward the study of participants developing in environments unrepresentative of the vast majority of the world's population. Here, we focus on the implications of addressing this challenge, highlight the need to address overreliance on a narrow participant pool, and emphasize the value and necessity of conducting research with diverse populations. We show that high-impact-factor developmental journals are heavily skewed toward publishing articles with data from WEIRD (Western, educated, industrialized, rich, and democratic) populations...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560093/invasive-lionfish-had-no-measurable-effect-on-prey-fish-community-structure-across-the-belizean-barrier-reef
#3
Serena Hackerott, Abel Valdivia, Courtney E Cox, Nyssa J Silbiger, John F Bruno
Invasive lionfish are assumed to significantly affect Caribbean reef fish communities. However, evidence of lionfish effects on native reef fishes is based on uncontrolled observational studies or small-scale, unrepresentative experiments, with findings ranging from no effect to large effects on prey density and richness. Moreover, whether lionfish affect populations and communities of native reef fishes at larger, management-relevant scales is unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of lionfish on coral reef prey fish communities in a natural complex reef system...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548580/a-review-of-the-impact-of-exclusion-criteria-on-the-generalizability-of-schizophrenia-treatment-research
#4
Keith Humphreys
Treatment research studies employ criteria that determine which patients are eligible to participate and which are not. When such exclusion criteria produce a treatment research sample that is a small and unrepresentative subset of all patients with a particular disease, clinicians may be hesitant to apply the research results in front-line clinical practice. Accordingly, the present paper reviews the English-language literature on exclusion criteria in schizophrenia treatment research and draws initial conclusions about their impact...
2017: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537095/development-of-a-coping-with-stress-scale-for-a-non-western-population-of-children-and-adolescents
#5
Ilgın Gökler DanIşman, Nejla Yıldız, İbrahim Yiğit
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In the related literature numerous instruments have been developed to measure children and adolescents' coping with stress. Considering the cultural differences in individuals' choice for coping strategies, along with the limitations of the existing measures of coping for children and adolescents (e.g., being derived from coping measures developed for adults; unrepresentative samples with limited age range, etc.), the current study aimed to construct a self-report coping scale for a non-western population of children and adolescents...
May 24, 2017: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486860/data-quality-shortcomings-with-the-us-hiv-aids-surveillance-system
#6
Benjamin K Ngugi, Brenna Harrington, Eloni N Porcher, Richard G Wamai
This study investigates some of the data quality challenges facing the HIV surveillance system in the United States. Using the content analysis method, Center for Disease Control annual HIV surveillance reports (1982-2014) are systematically reviewed and evaluated against relevant data quality metrics from previous literature. Center for Disease Control HIV surveillance system has made several key achievements in the last decade. However, there are several outstanding challenges that need to be addressed. The data are unrepresentative, incomplete, inaccurate, and lacks the required granularity limiting its usage...
May 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453559/evaluation-of-the-reproducibility-of-amplicon-sequencing-with-illumina-miseq-platform
#7
Chongqing Wen, Liyou Wu, Yujia Qin, Joy D Van Nostrand, Daliang Ning, Bo Sun, Kai Xue, Feifei Liu, Ye Deng, Yuting Liang, Jizhong Zhou
Illumina's MiSeq has become the dominant platform for gene amplicon sequencing in microbial ecology studies; however, various technical concerns, such as reproducibility, still exist. To assess reproducibility, 16S rRNA gene amplicons from 18 soil samples of a reciprocal transplantation experiment were sequenced on an Illumina MiSeq. The V4 region of 16S rRNA gene from each sample was sequenced in triplicate with each replicate having a unique barcode. The average OTU overlap, without considering sequence abundance, at a rarefaction level of 10,323 sequences was 33...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400953/maternal-mortality-as-a-millennium-development-goal-of-the-united-nations-a-systematic-assessment-and-analysis-of-available-data-in-threshold-countries-using-indonesia-as-example
#8
Evelyn Reinke, Supriyatiningsih, Jörg Haier
BACKGROUND: In 2015 the proposed period ended for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) of the United Nations targeting to lower maternal mortality worldwide by ~ 75%. 99% of these cases appear in developing and threshold countries; but reports mostly rely on incomplete or unrepresentative data. Using Indonesia as example, currently available data sets for maternal mortality were systematically reviewed. METHODS: Besides analysis of international and national data resources, a systematic review was carried out according to Cochrane methodology to identify all data and assessments regarding maternal mortality...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352274/spatial-variation-of-leaf-optical-properties-in-a-boreal-forest-is-influenced-by-species-and-light-environment
#9
Jon Atherton, Beñat Olascoaga, Luis Alonso, Albert Porcar-Castell
Leaf Optical Properties (LOPs) convey information relating to temporally dynamic photosynthetic activity and biochemistry. LOPs are also sensitive to variability in anatomically related traits such as Specific Leaf Area (SLA), via the interplay of intra-leaf light scattering and absorption processes. Therefore, variability in such traits, which may demonstrate little plasticity over time, potentially disrupts remote sensing estimates of photosynthesis or biochemistry across space. To help to disentangle the various factors that contribute to the variability of LOPs, we defined baseline variation as variation in LOPs that occurs across space, but not time...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350853/impacts-of-120-years-of-fertilizer-addition-on-a-temperate-grassland-ecosystem
#10
Jonathan Kidd, Peter Manning, Janet Simkin, Simon Peacock, Elizabeth Stockdale
The widespread application of fertilizers has greatly influenced many processes and properties of agroecosystems, and agricultural fertilization is expected to increase even further in the future. To date, most research on fertilizer impacts has used short-term studies, which may be unrepresentative of long-term responses, thus hindering our capacity to predict long-term impacts. Here, we examined the effects of long-term fertilizer addition on key ecosystem properties in a long-term grassland experiment (Palace Leas Hay Meadow) in which farmyard manure (FYM) and inorganic fertilizer treatments have been applied consistently for 120 years in order to characterize the experimental site more fully and compare ecosystem responses with those observed at other long-term and short-term experiments...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334132/maximum-likelihood-estimation-and-em-algorithm-of-copas-like-selection-model-for-publication-bias-correction
#11
Jing Ning, Yong Chen, Jin Piao
Publication bias occurs when the published research results are systematically unrepresentative of the population of studies that have been conducted, and is a potential threat to meaningful meta-analysis. The Copas selection model provides a flexible framework for correcting estimates and offers considerable insight into the publication bias. However, maximizing the observed likelihood under the Copas selection model is challenging because the observed data contain very little information on the latent variable...
February 25, 2017: Biostatistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333973/reported-reasons-for-breakdown-of-marriage-and-cohabitation-in-britain-findings-from-the-third-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles-natsal-3
#12
Kirsten Gravningen, Kirstin R Mitchell, Kaye Wellings, Anne M Johnson, Rebecca Geary, Kyle G Jones, Soazig Clifton, Bob Erens, Michelle Lu, Chenchit Chayachinda, Nigel Field, Pam Sonnenberg, Catherine H Mercer
OBJECTIVES: Breakdown of marriage and cohabitation is common in Western countries and is costly for individuals and society. Most research on reasons for breakdown has focused on marriages ending in divorce and/or have used data unrepresentative of the population. We present prevalence estimates of, and differences in, reported reasons for recent breakdown of marriages and cohabitations in Britain. METHODS: Descriptive analyses of data from Britain's third National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3), a probability sample survey (15,162 people aged 16-74 years) undertaken 2010-2012, using computer-assisted personal interviewing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302922/covariation-of-peptide-abundances-accurately-reflects-protein-concentration-differences
#13
Bo Zhang, Mohammad Pirmoradian, Roman Zubarev, Lukas Käll
Most implementations of mass spectrometry-based proteomics involve enzymatic digestion of proteins, expanding the analysis to multiple proteolytic peptides for each protein. Currently, there is no consensus of how to summarize peptides' abundances to protein concentrations, and such efforts are complicated by the fact that error control normally is applied to the identification process, and do not directly control errors linking peptide abundance measures to protein concentration. Peptides resulting from suboptimal digestion or being partially modified are not representative of the protein concentration...
May 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290715/promoting-recovery-oriented-mental-health-nursing-practice-through-consumer-participation-in-mental-health-nursing-education
#14
Brenda Happell, Wanda Bennetts, Jenny Tohotoa, Dianne Wynaden, Chris Platania-Phung
BACKGROUND: Developing recovery-oriented services, and ensuring genuine consumer participation in all aspects of services are central components of contemporary Australian mental health policy. However, attitudes of mental health professionals present a significant barrier. Given the positive impact of education on health professionals' attitudes, particularly when consumers are involved, further exploration of consumer involvement in education is required. AIMS: To enhance understanding of the role consumers can play within mental health nursing education...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272818/a-model-for-integrating-actual-neurotic-or-unrepresented-states-and-symbolized-aspects-of-intrapsychic-conflict
#15
Fredric N Busch
In psychoanalytic theory, the importance of actual neuroses-considered to be devoid of psychic content-diminished as Freud and subsequent analysts focused on unconscious intrapsychic conflict. This paper explores the relationship between actual neurotic and unrepresented states, which are believed to be best addressed through attention to countertransference, intersubjectivity, and enactments rather than interpretation of intrapsychic conflict. Models suggesting how actual neurotic states and symbolized intrapsychic conflict may interact with each other and environmental stressors are described...
January 2017: Psychoanalytic Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265798/the-role-of-a-hospital-ethics-consultation-service-in-decision-making-for-unrepresented-patients
#16
Andrew M Courtwright, Joshua Abrams, Ellen M Robinson
Despite increased calls for hospital ethics committees to serve as default decision-makers about life-sustaining treatment (LST) for unrepresented patients who lack decision-making capacity or a surrogate decision-maker and whose wishes regarding medical care are not known, little is known about how committees currently function in these cases. This was a retrospective cohort study of all ethics committee consultations involving decision-making about LST for unrepresented patients at a large academic hospital from 2007 to 2013...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248429/minimizing-species-extinctions-through-strategic-planning-for-conservation-fencing
#17
Jeremy L Ringma, Brendan Wintle, Richard A Fuller, Diana Fisher, Michael Bode
Conservation fences are an increasingly common management action, particularly for species threatened by invasive predators. However, unlike many conservation actions, fence networks are expanding in an unsystematic manner, generally as a reaction to local funding opportunities or threats. In a gap analysis of Australia's substantial predator exclusion fence network, we found highly uneven protection, with 67% of predator-sensitive species remaining unrepresented. Predator exclusion fences all contain small populations of threatened species, therefore a novel systematic prioritization method for expanding fence networks that explicitly incorporates population viability analysis and minimises expected species' extinctions was developed...
March 1, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113254/non-contact-pressure-based-sleep-wake-discrimination
#18
Lorcan Walsh, Sean McLoone, Joesph Ronda, Jeanne F Duffy, Charles A Czeisler
Poor sleep is increasingly being recognised as an important prognostic parameter of health. For those with suspected sleep disorders, patients are referred to sleep clinics which guide treatment. However, sleep clinics are not always a viable option due to their high cost, a lack of experienced practitioners, lengthy waiting lists and an unrepresentative sleeping environment. A home-based non-contact sleep/wake monitoring system may be used as a guide for treatment potentially stratifying patients by clinical need or highlighting longitudinal changes in sleep and nocturnal patterns...
October 25, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077846/relaxation-in-technique-leading-to-new-beginnings
#19
Endre Koritar
This paper explores how standard analytic technique may result in a repetition of past traumatic experiences in the transference and countertransference analytic situation. Relaxation and elasticity of technique can lead to re-integration of previously fragmented ego functions, and in remembering and re-experiencing of previously repressed symbolic representations of fragmenting past traumatic experiences, resulting in neocatharsis and working through, thus healing wounds and scars sustained in self development...
December 2016: American Journal of Psychoanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073810/cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-non-motor-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-clinical-review
#20
Ivan Koychev, David Okai
Neuropsychiatric symptoms are common in Parkinson's disease (PD) and have a disproportionate impact on quality of life and carer burden. Pharmacological treatment is the main approach in dealing with these symptoms, but it is limited by variable efficacy and risk of drug interactions. Non-pharmacological approaches using the cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) model are viable alternatives and in this review paper we summarise the evidence of CBT for three of the most common psychiatric manifestations of PD: depression and anxiety, impulse-control disorders and insomnia...
January 10, 2017: Evidence-based Mental Health
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