Read by QxMD icon Read

ECG changes

Soroor Behbahani
Epilepsy is a brain disorder that many people struggle with all over the world. Despite extensive research, epilepsy is still an important challenge without a clear solution. There may be confusion about providing a specific approach due to the variety of epileptic seizures and the effectiveness in different environmental conditions. Some patients with epilepsy undergo treatment through medication or surgery. Epileptic patients suffer from unpredictable conditions that may occur at any moment. Given the origins of these seizures, researchers have focused on predicting epileptic seizures via electroencephalogram (EEG)...
July 2018: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
Samuel R Brown, Carlos Fernandez, Robert Bertellotti, Juan Antonio Asensio
A 53-year-old man was admitted to our trauma center after sustaining thoracoabdominal injuries, secondary to a rear-end motor vehicle collision. As he stepped out of his vehicle, he was struck by a tractor trailer at 55 mph. The following were the initial vital signs on his arrival: heart rate 140 beats/min, blood pressure 142/80 mm Hg, respiratory rate 28 breaths/min, temperature 36.8°C, and oxygen saturation 93%. The Glasgow Coma Scale score was 15 and the Injury Severity Score was 59. He was evaluated and resuscitated per the advanced trauma life support protocols...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
Jennifer L White, Anna Marie Chang, Judd E Hollander, Erica Su, Robert E Weiss, Annick N Yagapen, Susan E Malveau, David H Adler, Aveh Bastani, Christopher W Baugh, Jeffrey M Caterino, Carol L Clark, Deborah B Diercks, Bret A Nicks, Daniel K Nishijima, Manish N Shah, Kirk A Stiffler, Alan B Storrow, Scott T Wilber, Benjamin C Sun
BACKGROUND: Syncope is a common chief complaint in the ED, and the electrocardiogram (ECG) is a routine diagnostic tool in the evaluation of syncope. We assessed whether increasingly prolonged QTc intervals are associated with composite 30-day serious outcomes in older adults presenting to the ED with syncope. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a prospective, observational study at 11 EDs in adults 60 years or older who presented with syncope or near syncope...
July 11, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Cheng-Zi Zuo, Yi Gong, Xiang-Yu Hou, Yi-Fan Zhang, Wen-Xing Peng, Rong-Hua Zhu, Da-Fang Zhong, Xiao-Yan Chen
PURPOSE: Imrecoxib is one type of cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor with the capability of reducing the potential cardiovascular risk caused by other NSAIDs. Co-administration with other medications can affect the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9 enzyme function; thus, imrecoxib metabolism can be affected. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effects of fluconazole, which is known to inhibit CYP2C9, on imrecoxib's pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters. METHODS: In this single-center, single-arm, open-label, self-controlled study, 12 healthy Chinese male volunteers (mean [SD] age, 22...
July 13, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
Pyotr G Platonov, Scott McNitt, Bronislava Polonsky, Spencer Z Rosero, Valentina Kutyifa, Allison Huang, Arthur J Moss, Wojciech Zareba
BACKGROUND: Long-QT (LQT) syndrome mutation carriers have higher risk of cardiac events than unaffected family members even in the absence of QTc prolongation. Changes in T-wave morphology may reflect penetrance of LQT syndrome mutations. We aimed to assess whether T-wave morphology may improve risk stratification of LQT2 mutation carriers with normal QTc interval. METHODS: LQT2 mutation carriers with QTc <460 ms in men and <470 ms in women (n=154) were compared with unaffected family members (n=1007)...
July 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Esther Gil-Barrionuevo, José Maria Balibrea, Enric Caubet, Oscar Gonzalez, Ramón Vilallonga, José Manuel Fort, Andrea Ciudin, Manel Armengol
INTRODUCTION: Pheochromocytomas are infrequent tumors arised from the chromaphine cells of the adrenal sympathetic system. The excess of circulating catecholamines may lead to different cardiovascular disorders from silent alterations of the myocardial conduction to different forms of cardiomyopathy. The onset as cardiogenic shock is exceptional. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 35-year-old male, with a known history of acute myopericarditis of unknown origin which debuted as acute pulmonary edema, was admitted with dyspnea in the context of a new heart failure episode with pulmonary edema...
June 27, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Jiangang Liu, Hong Luo, Paul Pu Zheng, Si Jia Wu, Kang Lee
Human cardiovascular activities are important indicators of a variety of physiological and psychological activities in human neuroscience research. The present proof-of-concept study aimed to reveal the spatiotemporal patterns of cardiovascular activities from the dynamic changes in hemoglobin concentrations in the face. We first recorded the dynamics of facial transdermal blood flow using a digital video camera and the Electrocardiography (ECG) signals using an ECG system simultaneously. Then we decomposed the video imaging data extracted from different sub-regions of a face into independent components using group independent component analysis (group ICA)...
July 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Derek S Chew, Stephen B Wilton, Katherine Kavanagh, Haris M Vaid, Danielle A Southern, Linda Ellis, Andrew G Howarth, James A White, Derek V Exner
BACKGROUND: Recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after acute myocardial infarction (MI) is not universal and is difficult to predict. Fragmented QRS (fQRS) complexes are thought to be markers of myocardial scar. We hypothesized that fQRS complexes on 12‑lead surface ECGs during the initial post-MI period would be associated with adverse LV remodeling over the following year. METHODS: Change in LVEF between the early (0-2 month) and later (2-12 month) post-MI periods was assessed in two independent cohorts of post-MI patients with initial LV dysfunction...
July 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
Ayman Azoz, Adel Youssef, Abdullah Alshehri, Ahmed Gad, Mostafa Rashed, Mohamed Yahia, Maryam Alsharqi, Lamia Al Saikhan
BACKGROUND: Diastolic dysfunction is the early sign of myocardial ischemia that usually occurs earlier than ECG changes. AIM OF THE STUDY: To determine the existence of a correlation between ST segment shift and diastolic dysfunction among patients with AMI. METHODS: Fourty six patients with significant ST segment elevation or depression and having symptoms of acute myocardial infarction for <12 h were enrolled in this study. Patients were examined for serial ECG, cardiac enzymes, and echocardiography...
July 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
Ching-Yao Chou, En-Jui Chang, Huai-Ting Li, An-Yeu Wu
Compressive sensing (CS) is attractive in long-term electrocardiography (ECG) telemonitoring to extend life-time for resource-constrained wireless wearable sensors. However, the availability of transmitted personal information has posed great concerns for potential privacy leakage. Moreover, the traditional CS-based security frameworks focus on secured signal recovery instead of privacy-preserving data analytics; hence, they provide only computational secrecy and have impractically high complexities for decryption...
June 15, 2018: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
Mikko Peltokangas, Velipekka Suominen, Damir Vakhitov, Janne Korhonen, Jarmo Verho, Ville M Mattila, Pekka Romsi, Jukka Lekkala, Antti Vehkaoja, Niku Oksala
We analyze the changes in upper and lower limb pulse transit times (PTT) caused by peripheral artery disease (PAD) and its treatment with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of the superficial femoral artery. PTTs were extracted from the photoplethysmograms (PPG) recorded from an index finger and 2nd toes. PTTs were defined between the R-peaks of the ECG and different reference points of the (PPG): foot and peak points, maxima of 1st and 2nd derivative, and by means of intersecting tangents method. Also the PTTs between the toe and finger pulses were analyzed...
June 28, 2018: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
Ademola Adetokunbo Oyagbemi, Temidayo Olutayo Omobowale, Ebunoluwa Racheal Asenuga, John Olusoji Abiola, Adeolu Alex Adedapo, Momoh Audu Yakubu
Arsenic acid is one of the abundant environmental pollutants present in soil, water and the air. Undoubtedly, it has found its way to the food chain in which humans and animals are the final targets thereby causing arrays of disease conditions including cardiovascular and renal dysfunction. Hence, the use of phytochemicals present in medicinal plants has gained global acceptance as chemotherapeutic agents that can prevent, ameliorate, reverse or treat diseases. From our study, arsenic acid intoxication led to significant increase in heart rate (HR), QRS, together with prolonged QT and QTc interval...
July 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Wenhan Liu, Mengxin Zhang, Yidan Zhang, Yuan Liao, Qijun Huang, Sheng Chang, Hao Wang, Jin He
In this paper, a novel algorithm based on a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is proposed for Myocardial Infarction (MI) detection via multilead electrocardiogram (ECG). A beat segmentation algorithm utilizing multilead ECG is designed to obtain multilead beats, and Fuzzy Information Granulation (FIG) is adopted for preprocessing. Then the beats are input into our Multilead-CNN (ML-CNN), a novel model that includes sub 2-D convolutional layers and Lead Asymmetric Pooling (LAP) layers. As different leads represent various angles of the same heart, LAP can capture multiscale features of different leads, exploiting the individual characteristics of each lead...
November 10, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
Stefano Betti, Raffaele Molino Lova, Erika Rovini, Giorgia Acerbi, Luca Santarelli, Manuela Cabiati, Silvia Del Ry, Filippo Cavallo
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this work is to develop and test the ability of a wearable physiological sensors system, based on ECG, EDA and EEG, to capture human stress and to assess whether the detected changes in physiological signals correlate with changes in salivary cortisol level, which is a reliable, objective biomarker of stress. METHODS: 15 healthy participants, seven males and six females, mean age 40.8 9.5 years, wore a set of three commercial sensors to record physiological signals during the Maastricht Acute Stress Test, an experimental protocol known to elicit robust physical and mental stress in humans...
November 20, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
Morten B Thomsen, Morten S Nielsen, Annemarie Aarup, Line S Bisgaard, Tanja X Pedersen
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and uremia increase the risk of heart disease and sudden cardiac death. Coronary artery disease can only partly account for this. The remaining mechanistic links between CKD and sudden death are elusive, but may involve cardiac arrhythmias. For the present study, we hypothesized that a thorough electrophysiological study in mice with CKD would provide us valuable information that could aid in the identification of additional underlying causes of sudden cardiac death in patients with kidney disease...
July 2018: Physiological Reports
Elisa Gervasoni, Marco Bove, Mattia Sinatra, Cristina Grosso, Marco Rovaris, Davide Cattaneo, Giampiero Merati
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) often develop an autonomic dysfunction (AD), which onset should be assessed early at a subclinical level, as it may interfere with pharmacological treatments and exercise. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate basal cardiac autonomic tone, its modulations during sit-to-stand, sub-maximal exercise and recovery in PwMS without clinical overt AD and its relationships with fatigue perception. METHODS: Twenty-three PwMS (55 ± 8 yrs [mean ± SD]; EDSS score 5...
June 27, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Ana Lúcia Athayde Maciel, Maria Cláudia Irigoyen, Silvia Goldmeier
BACKGROUND: Tele-electrocardiography (tele-ECG) is a powerful ally in the screening of acute ischemic lesions. INTRODUCTION: Evidence that confirms the correlation between the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) determined in the prehospital setting and the confirmation of the diagnosis in the hospital setting is scarce. This study compares the presumed diagnosis of ACS in the prehospital setting based on electrocardiographic changes, such as ST-segment deviation, with the diagnosis confirmed in a hospital setting...
July 5, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Ronney B Panerai, Sam C Barnes, Mintu Nath, Naomi Ball, Thompson G Robinson, Victoria J Haunton
Dynamic cerebral autoregulation (CA), the transient response of cerebral blood flow (CBF) to rapid changes in arterial blood pressure (BP), is usually modelled as a linear mechanism. We tested the hypothesis that dynamic CA can display non-linear behavior resulting from differential efficiency dependent on the direction of BP changes. CBF velocity (CBV, transcranial Doppler), heart rate (HR, 3-lead ECG), continuous BP (Finometer) and end-tidal CO2 (capnograph) were measured in 10 healthy young subjects during 15 squat-stand maneuvers (SSM) with a frequency of 0...
July 5, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
I Bin-Jaliah, A M Hussein, H F Sakr, E A Eid
This study examined the effects of aliskiren (Ali) (direct renin inhibitor) on serum cardiac enzymes (LDH and CK-MB), electrocardiography (ECG) changes, myocardial oxidative stress markers (MDA, CAT, and GSH) and the expression of Bcl2, HO-1, and Nrf2 genes in isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial infarction (MI). A total of 40 male albino rats were allocated into four groups, (1) normal control (NC) group, (2) Ali group (rats received Ali at 10 mg/kg/day p.o. for 5 days), (3) ISO group (rats received ISO 150 mg/kg i...
June 1, 2018: Physiology International
Bodine P S I Belderbos, Ronald de Wit, Caly Chien, Anna Mitselos, Peter Hellemans, James Jiao, Margaret K Yu, Gerhardt Attard, Iurie Bulat, W Jeffrey Edenfield, Fred Saad
PURPOSE: Phase Ib study evaluating the effect of apalutamide, at therapeutic exposure, on ventricular repolarization by applying time-matched pharmacokinetics and electrocardiography (ECG) in patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer. Safety of daily apalutamide was also assessed. METHODS: Patients received 240 mg oral apalutamide daily. Time-matched ECGs were collected via continuous 12-lead Holter recording before apalutamide (Day - 1) and on Days 1 and 57 (Cycle 3 Day 1)...
July 5, 2018: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"