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placental oxidative stress

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428691/relationship-between-xanthine-oxidase-ischemia-modified-albumin-nitric-oxide-with-antioxidants-in-non-pregnants-pre-and-post-delivery-of-normal-pregnants-and-preeclampsia
#1
Vanishree Bambrana, C D Dayanand, Pushpa Kotur
Preeclampsia is a multisystem disorder involves altered homeostasis of oxidants-antioxidants, inflammatory process and endothelial dysfunction. The present study aim was to determine the levels of oxidative stress parameters (malondialdehyde, protein carbonyl, ischemia modified albumin and xanthine oxidase), nutrient antioxidants (vitamin C and vitamin E), enzyme antioxidants (catalase, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase glutathione reductase), total antioxidant status (TAS) and its association with nitric oxide...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428076/myricetin-suppresses-invasion-and-promotes-cell-death-in-human-placental-choriocarcinoma-cells-through-induction-of-oxidative-stress
#2
Changwon Yang, Whasun Lim, Fuller W Bazer, Gwonhwa Song
Myricetin is a bioactive compound found in a variety of vegetables and fruits, and its anti-cancer effects are well known. In this study, we confirmed that myricetin reduced proliferation of two choriocarcinoma cell lines (JAR and JEG-3) and also promoted apoptosis and regulated cell cycle progression in a dose-dependent manner in JAR and JEG-3 cells. In addition, we found that invasive and pro-angiogenic properties of malignant JAR and JEG-3 trophoblast cells were attenuated by myricetin treatment via MAPK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways...
April 17, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427089/editor-s-highlight-exposure-to-crvi-during-early-pregnancy-increases-oxidative-stress-and-disrupts-the-expression-of-antioxidant-proteins-in-placental-compartments
#3
Sakhila K Banu, Jone A Stanley, Kirthiram K Sivakumar, Robert J Taylor, Joe A Arosh, Robert C Burghardt
Epidemiologic studies document relationships between chromium VI (CrVI) exposure and increased risk of spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, preterm birth, and neonatal death in pregnant women. Environmental contamination with CrVI is a growing problem both in the United States and developing countries. CrVI is widely used in numerous industries. This study was designed to understand the mechanism of CrVI toxicity on placental oxidative stress and antioxidant (AOX) machinery. Pregnant mother rats were treated with or without CrVI (50 ppm K2Cr2O7) through drinking water from gestational day (GD) 9...
February 1, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402449/enhancement-of-trophoblast-differentiation-and-survival-by-low-molecular-weight-heparin-requires-heparin-binding-egf-like-growth-factor
#4
Alan D Bolnick, Jay M Bolnick, Hamid-Reza Kohan-Ghadr, Brian A Kilburn, Omar J Pasalodos, Pankaj K Singhal, Jing Dai, Michael P Diamond, D Randall Armant, Sascha Drewlo
STUDY QUESTION: Does low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) require heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor (HBEGF) signaling to induce extravillous trophoblast differentiation and decrease apoptosis during oxidative stress? SUMMARY ANSWER: LMWH increased HBEGF expression and secretion, and HBEGF signaling was required to stimulate trophoblast extravillous differentiation, increase invasion in vitro and reduce trophoblast apoptosis during oxidative stress...
April 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391374/resolution-of-inflammation-pathways-in-preeclampsia-a-narrative-review
#5
REVIEW
Luiza Oliveira Perucci, Mário Dias Corrêa, Luci Maria Dusse, Karina Braga Gomes, Lirlândia Pires Sousa
Preeclampsia (PE) is one of the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. This disease is believed to occur in two stages with placental dysfunction in early pregnancy leading to maternal clinical findings after 20 weeks of gestation, as consequence of systemic inflammation, oxidative stress, and endothelial dysfunction. Much evidence suggests that PE women display an overshooting inflammatory response throughout pregnancy due to an unbalanced regulation of innate and adaptive immune responses...
April 8, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368445/vitamin-d-reduces-oxidative-stress-induced-procaspase-3-rock1-activation-and-mp-release-by-placental-trophoblasts
#6
Jie Xu, Xiuyue Jia, Yang Gu, David F Lewis, Xin Gu, Yuping Wang
Context: Increased microparticle (MP) shedding by placental trophoblasts contributes to maternal vascular inflammatory response and endothelial dysfunction in preeclampsia (PE). Vitamin D has beneficial effects in pregnancy, however its effect on trophoblast MP release has not been investigated. Objective: To investigate if vitamin D could protect trophoblasts from oxidative stress-induced MP release. Design: Placental trophoblasts were isolated from uncomplicated and preeclamptic placentas...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367653/placental-oxidative-stress-and-maternal-endothelial-function-in-pregnant-women-with-normotensive-fetal-growth-restriction
#7
Atsumi Yoshida, Kazushi Watanabe, Ai Iwasaki, Chiharu Kimura, Hiroshi Matsushita, Akihiko Wakatsuki
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between placental oxidative stress and maternal endothelial function in pregnant women with normotensive fetal growth restriction (FGR). METHODS: We examined serum concentrations of oxygen free radicals (d-ROMs), maternal angiogenic factor (PlGF), and sFlt-1, placental oxidative DNA damage, and maternal endothelial function in 17 women with early-onset preeclampsia (PE), 18 with late-onset PE, 14 with normotensive FGR, and 21 controls...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295343/epithelial-membrane-protein-2-emp2-deficiency-alters-placental-angiogenesis-mimicking-features-of-human-placental-insufficiency
#8
Carmen J Williams, Alison Chu, Wendy N Jefferson, David Casero, Deepthi Sudhakar, Nevil Khurana, Claire P Hogue, Chinmayi Aryasomayajula, Priya Patel, Peggy Sullivan, Elizabeth Padilla-Banks, Shabnam Mohandessi, Carla Janzen, Madhuri Wadehra
Epithelial membrane protein-2 (EMP2) is a tetraspan protein predicted to regulate placental development. Highly expressed in secretory endometrium and trophectoderm cells, previous studies suggest that it may regulate implantation by orchestrating the surface expression of integrins and other membrane proteins. In order to test the role of EMP2 in pregnancy, mice lacking EMP2 (Emp2(-/-) ) were generated. Emp2(-/-) females are fertile but have reduced litter sizes when carrying Emp2(-/-) but not Emp2(+/-) fetuses...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293926/prenatal-maternal-distress-and-allergic-diseases-in-offspring-review-of-evidence-and-possible-pathways
#9
REVIEW
Dong In Suh, Hyoung Yoon Chang, Eun Lee, Song I Yang, Soo Jong Hong
Recent studies have suggested a close association between prenatal maternal distress and allergic diseases in the offspring. We selected relevant birth-cohort or national registry studies using a keyword search of the PubMed database and summarized current evidence on the impact of prenatal maternal distress on the development of offspring's allergic diseases. Moreover, we postulated possible pathways linking prenatal distress and allergic diseases based on relevant human and animal studies. Both dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and increased oxidative stress may cause structural (altered brain/lung development) and functional (skewed immune development) changes, which may predispose the fetus to developing allergic diseases during childhood...
May 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292473/placental-dimethyl-acetal-fatty-acid-derivatives-are-elevated-in-preeclampsia
#10
M Brien, L Berthiaume, I Rudkowska, P Julien, J F Bilodeau
Preeclampsia (PE) was shown to affect the placental content and the transfer of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) to the fetus. Plasmalogens, a type of phospholipids with a vinyl-ether link at the sn-1 position, play an antioxidant role and are specifically enriched in PUFA at the sn-2 position. In this study, we characterized plasmalogen-derived dimethyl acetal (DMA) fatty acid derivatives, 16:0 DMA, 18:0 DMA, 9c-/11c-18:1 DMA and PUFA in the placenta of normotensive (n = 20) and PE (n = 20) pregnancies, according to the sampling site: peri-insertion or periphery...
March 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292470/sexual-dimorphism-in-the-effect-of-maternal-obesity-on-antioxidant-defense-mechanisms-in-the-human-placenta
#11
LaShauna Evans, Leslie Myatt
INTRODUCTION: Maternal obesity creates an adverse intrauterine environment, negatively impacts placental respiration, is associated with a higher incidence of pregnancy complications and programs the offspring for disease in adult life in a sexually dimorphic manner. We defined the effect of maternal obesity and fetal sex on pro- and anti-oxidant status in placenta and placental mitochondria. METHODS: Placental villous tissue was collected at term via c-section prior to labor from four groups of patients based on fetal sex and prepregnancy/1st trimester body mass index: lean - BMI 22...
March 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286015/rutin-protects-against-h2o2-triggered-impaired-relaxation-of-placental-arterioles-and-induces-nrf2-mediated-adaptation-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells-exposed-to-oxidative-stress
#12
Mireille M J P E Sthijns, Paul M Schiffers, Ger M Janssen, Kristien J A Lemmens, Bart Ides, Philippe Vangrieken, Freek G Bouwman, Edwin C Mariman, Irina Pader, Elias S J Arnér, Katarina Johansson, Aalt Bast, Guido R M M Haenen
BACKGROUND: Rutin intake is associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The exact mechanism by which rutin can protect against CVD development is still enigmatic. Since, rutin is a compound with a relatively short half-life, the direct antioxidant effect of rutin cannot explain the long-lasting effect on human health. We hypothesized that rutin next to its direct antioxidant effect that improves endothelial function, may also induce an adaptive response in endogenous antioxidant systems...
March 7, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245785/vascular-consequences-of-aldosterone-excess-and-mineralocorticoid-receptor-antagonism
#13
Sophocles Chrissobolis
Aldosterone binds to mineralocorticoid receptors (MRs) on renal epithelial cells to regulate sodium and water reabsorption, and therefore blood pressure. Recently, the actions of aldosterone outside the kidney have been extensively investigated, with numerous reports of aldosterone having detrimental actions, including in the vasculature. Notably, elevated aldosterone levels are an independent cardiovascular risk factor, and in addition to causing an increase in blood pressure, aldosterone can have blood pressure-dependent and -independent effects commonly manifested in the vasculature in cardiovascular diseases, including vascular oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, remodeling, stiffening, and plaque formation...
February 28, 2017: Current Hypertension Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245568/pyridoxine-vitamin-b%C3%A2-and-the-glutathione-peroxidase-system-a-link-between-one-carbon-metabolism-and-antioxidation
#14
REVIEW
Danyel Bueno Dalto, Jean-Jacques Matte
Vitamin B₆ (B₆) has a central role in the metabolism of amino acids, which includes important interactions with endogenous redox reactions through its effects on the glutathione peroxidase (GPX) system. In fact, B₆-dependent enzymes catalyse most reactions of the transsulfuration pathway, driving homocysteine to cysteine and further into GPX proteins. Considering that mammals metabolize sulfur- and seleno-amino acids similarly, B₆ plays an important role in the fate of sulfur-homocysteine and its seleno counterpart between transsulfuration and one-carbon metabolism, especially under oxidative stress conditions...
February 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240397/oxidative-stress-placental-ageing-related-pathologies-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes
#15
REVIEW
Zakia Sultana, Kaushik Maiti, John Aitken, Jonathan Morris, Lee Dedman, Roger Smith
Oxidative stress (OS), an imbalance between free radical generation and antioxidant defence, is recognized as a key factor in the pathogenesis of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Although OS is a common future of normal pregnancy, persistent, overwhelming OS leads to consumption and decline of antioxidants, affecting placental antioxidant capacity and reducing systems. The accumulation of OS causes damage to lipids, proteins and DNA in the placental tissue that induces a form of accelerated ageing. Premature ageing of the placenta is associated with placental insufficiency that prevents the organ meeting the needs of the foetus, and as a consequence, the viability of the foetus is compromised...
February 27, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237485/effect-of-curcumin-on-expressions-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAbp65-tnf-%C3%AE-and-il-8-in-placental-tissue-of-premature-birth-of-infected-mice
#16
Yan-Zi Guo, Ping He, Ai-Min Feng
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of curcumin on expressions of nuclear transcription factor-kappa Bp65 (NF-κBp65), TNF-α and IL-8 in placental tissue of premature birth of infected mice induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS: A total of 60 C57BL/6 mice pregnant with 15 d were collected and randomly divided into control group, model group, treatment group and preventative group. LPS was repeatedly injected in abdominal cavity to construct infected premature birth model, while mice of control group were given with 100 mg/kg of vitamin C through abdominal cavity injection and mice of treatment group and preventative group were given curcumin of 100 mg/kg through abdominal cavity injection after modeling operation and before 1 d of modeling operation, respectively...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236844/altered-metabolic-homeostasis-between-vitamin-d-and-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-preeclampsia
#17
Anindita A Nandi, Nisha S Wadhwani, Sadhana R Joshi
Sub-optimal maternal nutrition may result in pregnancy complications like preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is known to be of placental origin and a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Our earlier studies suggest that altered metabolism of folic acid, vitamin B12 and long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFAs) in the one carbon cycle increases homocysteine levels in preeclampsia. Recent reports indicate that vitamin D deficiency may also have a role in preeclampsia, although the mechanisms are unclear...
March 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220271/anandamide-oxidative-metabolism-induced-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-and-apoptosis
#18
M Almada, B M Fonseca, C Amaral, M Diniz-da-Costa, G Correia-da-Silva, N Teixeira
The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) has been recognized as a crucial player in human reproduction. Changes in the levels of anandamide (AEA), the main endocannabinoid (eCB), negatively affect reproductive events, such as implantation, decidualization and placentation. Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a major enzyme expressed in the endometrium and its involvement in female reproductive system has evolved over the last few years. Currently, COX-2 oxidative metabolism is emerging as a key mediator of AEA-induced actions...
February 20, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194822/autophagy-regulation-of-physiological-and-pathological-processes-in-the-female-reproductive-tract
#19
Bin Cao, Alison J Camden, Lindsay A Parnell, Indira U Mysorekar
Autophagy is a ubiquitous cell recycling pathway that delivers cytoplasmic constituents to the lysosome and is essential for normal cellular function. Autophagic activity is up-regulated under physiological conditions as well as stressful conditions such as nutrient deprivation, oxidative stress, hypoxia, inflammation, and infection. Thus, it is essential to regard the functional importance of the pathway and its components in a given tissue context. Here we review what is known about the involvement of autophagy process during physiological processes in the female reproductive tract and in pregnancy from preimplantation to oocyte function to placental development, parturition, and postpartum remodeling of the uterus; as well as in pathological and adverse events during these processes...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179267/obesity-and-pregnancy-mechanisms-of-short-term-and-long-term-adverse-consequences-for-mother-and-child
#20
REVIEW
Patrick M Catalano, Kartik Shankar
Obesity is the most common medical condition in women of reproductive age. Obesity during pregnancy has short term and long term adverse consequences for both mother and child. Obesity causes problems with infertility, and in early gestation it causes spontaneous pregnancy loss and congenital anomalies. Metabolically, obese women have increased insulin resistance in early pregnancy, which becomes manifest clinically in late gestation as glucose intolerance and fetal overgrowth. At term, the risk of cesarean delivery and wound complications is increased...
February 8, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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