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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822553/vitamin-d-status-in-growing-dairy-goats-and-sheep-influence-of-ultraviolet-b-radiation-on-bone-metabolism-and-calcium-homeostasis
#1
M V Nemeth, M R Wilkens, A Liesegang
The aim of this study was to investigate how controlled UVB irradiation in combination with reduced nutritional vitamin D (vitD) supply affects vitD status and Ca metabolism of growing goats and sheep. The hypothesis was that, like dairy cows, goats and sheep are able to compensate for the missing nutritional supply of vitD through endogenous production in the skin, with the consequence of a high vitD status and a balanced Ca homeostasis. Sixteen lambs and 14 goat kids aged 3 and a half months were housed in an UVB free environment and fed hay and a vitD-free concentrate over a period of 13 wk...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822117/the-impact-of-inequality-on-our-children-end-of-the-american-dream-our-kids-the-american-dream-in-crisis-by-robert-d-putnam-simon-schuster-new-york-new-york-2015-isbn-9781476769905-pp-400-17-paperback-hillbilly-elegy-a-memoir-of-a-family-and-culture-in-crisis
#2
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818419/a-school-based-brand-marketing-program-s-adherence-to-federal-nutrition-criteria
#3
Alyssa J Moran, Eric B Rimm, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 gave the U.S. Department of Agriculture authority to regulate school wellness policies, which include nutritional standards for foods advertised in schools. Brand marketing programs, which encourage students to purchase a company's products in exchange for money or rewards, were not explicitly prohibited. This study assesses the nutritional quality of products participating in "Box Tops for Education" ("Box Tops"), one of the largest national brand marketing programs in schools...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818102/field-evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-mycobacterium-bovis-bcg-vaccine-against-tuberculosis-in-goats
#4
Enric Vidal, Claudia Arrieta-Villegas, Miriam Grasa, Irene Mercader, Mariano Domingo, Bernat Pérez de Val
BACKGROUND: Control of animal tuberculosis (TB) through vaccination has emerged as a long-term strategy to complement test and slaughter control strategy. A pilot trial under field conditions was conducted in a goat herd with high TB prevalence to assess the efficacy of the Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccine. RESULTS: Twenty-three goat kids vaccinated with BCG and other 22 unvaccinated control kids were euthanized at 18 months post-vaccination. Gross pathological and histopathological examination of target tissues was performed for detection of tuberculous lesions and assessment of vaccine efficacy...
August 17, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816599/adolescent-marijuana-use-and-perceived-ease-of-access-before-and-after-recreational-marijuana-implementation-in-colorado
#5
Scott B Harpin, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Ming Ma, Katherine A James, Arnold H Levinson
BACKGROUND: As of January 1, 2017, eight states have approved laws for recreational marijuana use. While the social impacts of these changes remain under debate, the influence on adolescent marijuana use is a key policy and health issue across the U.S. OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in adolescent marijuana-use behaviors in the first year after recreational marijuana implementation in Colorado, and to analyze the effect of retail marijuana store proximity on youth use and perceptions...
August 17, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816512/the-effects-of-active-videogame-feedback-and-practicing-experience-on-children-s-physical-activity-intensity-and-enjoyment
#6
Han Chen, Haichun Sun
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to explore the effects of receiving active videogame (AVG) feedback and playing experience on individuals' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and perceived enjoyment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a within-subject design study. The participants included 36 (n = 15 and 21 for boys and girls, respectively) fourth graders enrolled in a rural elementary school in southern Georgia area. The experiment lasted for 6 weeks with each week including three sessions...
August 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813529/natural-and-artificial-feeding-management-before-weaning-promote-different-rumen-microbial-colonization-but-not-differences-in-gene-expression-levels-at-the-rumen-epithelium-of-newborn-goats
#7
Leticia Abecia, Elisabeth Jiménez, Gonzalo Martínez-Fernandez, A Ignacio Martín-García, Eva Ramos-Morales, Eric Pinloche, Stuart E Denman, C Jamie Newbold, David R Yáñez-Ruiz
The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of feeding management during the first month of life (natural with the mother, NAT, or artificial with milk replacer, ART) on the rumen microbial colonization and the host innate immune response. Thirty pregnant goats carrying two fetuses were used. At birth one kid was taken immediately away from the doe and fed milk replacer (ART) while the other remained with the mother (NAT). Kids from groups received colostrum during first 2 days of life. Groups of four kids (from ART and NAT experimental groups) were slaughtered at 1, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812113/-pathophysiology-of-intracranial-injuries
#8
REVIEW
D Lahner, G Fritsch
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) constitutes a heterogeneous condition that affects the most complex organ of the human body. It is commonly classified by its location as focal injury (e.g. epidural hematoma) and diffuse injury (e.g. diffuse axonal shearing injury) as well as by primary and secondary tissue injury. Accordingly, direct mechanical force causes the primary insult. The tissue damage occurring afterwards is subsumed under the term secondary brain damage. Some of these processes are overlapping and include in the early phase local cerebral ischemia resulting in excitotoxicity, which together with the triggered neuroinflammatory cascade causes the formation of cerebral edema and ultimately increased intracranial pressure once the intracranial compliance is exhausted...
August 15, 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806766/sublingual-immunotherapy-slit-for-house-dust-mites-does-not-prevent-new-allergen-sensitization-and-bronchial-hyper-responsiveness-in-allergic-rhinitis-children
#9
Jae Hyun Lim, Jin Youp Kim, Doo Hee Han, Chul Hee Lee, Seung-No Hong, Jee Hye Wee, Sue K Park, Chae-Seo Rhee
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to identify the effects of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) on immunologic parameters and bronchial-hyper-responsiveness in children with allergic rhinitis to house-dust mite (HDM), through long-term follow-up cohort. METHODS: Among the Allergic Rhinitis Cohort Study for Kids, pediatric patients who visited the hospital for rhinitis symptoms and proven allergy to HDM through skin prick test were studied. In this cohort, 37 patients received SLIT more than 3-years (SLIT group), and 184 patients received only pharmacologic therapy (non-SLIT group) were included in this study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805073/do-you-know-what-your-kids-are-drinking-evaluation-of-a-media-campaign-to-reduce-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#10
Amy Bleakley, Amy Jordan, Giridhar Mallya, Michael Hennessy, Jessica Taylor Piotrowski
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates a citywide media campaign that targeted reducing sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption as a strategy for addressing obesity. DESIGN: Rolling cross-sectional survey data, collected before and during the media campaign, with 1367 parents to assess exposure to and effect of a televised public service advertisement (TV PSA) developed using a reasoned action approach. SETTING: Televised public service advertisement campaign created by the Philadelphia Department of Public Health and disseminated on cable television channels within the Philadelphia market...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802389/cholesteatoma-as-a-complication-of-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis-of-the-temporal-bone-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-analysis
#11
Jonathan C Simmonds, Mark Vecchiotti
OBJECTIVE: To determine if patients with Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) of the temporal bone have a higher risk of developing cholesteatoma. METHODS: Review of literature and cross-sectional weighted analysis of patients under 19 with a diagnosis of LCH from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) and Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) from 2000 to 2013. ICD-9 codes and demographics were analyzed; pairwise comparisons and multivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: Only seven cases of cholesteatoma after the treatment for LCH of the temporal bone have been documented in the literature...
September 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801954/an-analysis-of-inpatient-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease-incidence-costs-and-outcomes
#12
Laura M Bou-Maroun, Fabien Meta, Curtis J Hanba, Andrew D Campbell, Gregory A Yanik
OBJECTIVE: To identify characteristics of pediatric sickle cell disease (SCD) hospitalizations and to examine admission demographics and medical expenditures. METHODS: Admissions with SCD were identified from the 2009 and 2012 releases of the Healthcare and Cost Utilization Project's Kids Inpatient Database. Disease-specific secondary diagnoses including acute chest syndrome (ACS), vaso-occlusive pain crisis (VOC), splenic sequestration, and stroke/transient ischemic attack were analyzed for patient and hospital demographics...
August 12, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800357/identification-of-differentially-expressed-genes-through-rna-sequencing-in-goats-capra-hircus-at-different-postnatal-stages
#13
Yaqiu Lin, Jiangjiang Zhu, Yong Wang, Qian Li, Sen Lin
Intramuscular fat (IMF) content and fatty acid composition of longissimus dorsi muscle (LM) change with growth, which partially determines the flavor and nutritional value of goat (Capra hircus) meat. However, unlike cattle, little information is available on the transcriptome-wide changes during different postnatal stages in small ruminants, especially goats. In this study, the sequencing reads of goat LM tissues collected from kid, youth, and adult period were mapped to the goat genome. Results showed that out of total 24 689 Unigenes, 20 435 Unigenes were annotated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780310/outcome-of-neonates-with-gastroschisis-at-different-gestational-ages-using-a-national-database
#14
Ruby Gupta, Erwin T Cabacungan
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The optimal time for delivery of neonates with a prenatal diagnosis of gastroschisis (GS) is controversial. We compared the outcomes for GS at three different gestational ages (GAs), 33-34 weeks, 35-36 weeks, and ≥ 37 weeks. METHODS: We analyze hospital discharge data of neonates with GS using the 2006, 2009 and 2012 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database (HCUPKIDS). Multivariable analysis was used to compare the association between GS outcomes and the three GAs...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772345/from-gestation-to-weaning-combining-robust-design-and-multi-event-models-unveils-cost-of-lactation-in-a-large-herbivore
#15
Quentin Richard, Carole Toïgo, Joël Appolinaire, Anne Loison, Mathieu Garel
The cost of current reproduction on survival or future reproduction is one of the most studied trade-offs governing resource distribution between fitness components. Results have often been clouded, however, by the existence of individual heterogeneity, with high-quality individuals able to allocate energy to several functions simultaneously, at no apparent cost. Surprisingly, it has also rarely been assessed within a breeding season by breaking down the various reproductive efforts of females from gestation to weaning, even though resource availability and energy requirements vary greatly...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767145/a-two-step-approach-for-analysis-of-nonignorable-missing-outcomes-in-longitudinal-regression-an-application-to-upstate-kids-study
#16
Danping Liu, Edwina H Yeung, Alexander C McLain, Yunlong Xie, Germaine M Buck Louis, Rajeshwari Sundaram
BACKGROUND: Imperfect follow-up in longitudinal studies commonly leads to missing outcome data that can potentially bias the inference when the missingness is nonignorable; that is, the propensity of missingness depends on missing values in the data. In the Upstate KIDS Study, we seek to determine if the missingness of child development outcomes is nonignorable, and how a simple model assuming ignorable missingness would compare with more complicated models for a nonignorable mechanism...
August 2, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763755/investigating-quality-of-life-and-self-stigma-in-hong-kong-children-with-specific-learning-disabilities
#17
Yi Chan, Yim Yuk Chan, Sui Lam Cheng, Yin Man Chow, Yau Wai Tsang, Clara Lee, Chung-Ying Lin
BACKGROUND: Children with specific learning disabilities (SpLD) are likely to develop self-stigma and have a poor quality of life (QoL) because of their poor academic performance. Although both self-stigma and poor QoL issues are likely to be found in low academic achievers without SpLD, children with SpLD have worse situation because their diagnosis of SpLD suggests that their learning struggles are biological and permanent. Specifically, students' perception of own capabilities may be affected more by the diagnosis of SpLD than their own actual performance...
July 29, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762292/tonsillectomy-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-national-cohort-of-inpatients
#18
Andrew B Baker, Zachary Farhood, Kathleen A Brandstetter, Ronald J Teufel, Angela LaRosa, David R White
Objective To describe the cost, length of stay, and incidence of postoperative hemorrhage associated with Down syndrome (DS) patients undergoing tonsillectomy in a national sample of inpatient children. Study Design This study uses a national cross-sectional cohort to analyze children with and without DS undergoing tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy. Setting 2012 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database. Subjects and Methods The database was analyzed for postoperative hemorrhage and respiratory compromise, length of stay, and total charges of hospital stay...
June 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762103/the-influence-of-fathers-on-children-s-physical-activity-and-dietary-behaviors-insights-recommendations-and-future-directions
#19
REVIEW
Philip J Morgan, Myles D Young
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although fathers have an important influence on their children's well-being, their unique influence on child lifestyle behaviors has been largely overlooked in the literature. To inform and encourage future research, this paper provides an overview of existing studies that have examined the influence of fathers on the physical activity and dietary behaviors of their children. RECENT FINDINGS: While the available data indicate that fathers' behaviors and parenting practices likely play an important role in promoting healthy behaviors in children, the evidence base is limited by a reliance on observational designs and small, ungeneralizable samples...
July 31, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760188/perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-eating-and-school-lunch-meals-among-adolescents-a-qualitative-study
#20
Denise D Payán, David C Sloane, Jacqueline Illum, Tahirah Farris, LaVonna B Lewis
OBJECTIVES: We explored how perceived barriers and facilitators influence healthy eating and investigated the acceptability of changes to school lunch meals among adolescents after implementation of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010. METHODS: We conducted 8 focus groups with adolescents (N = 64) at 3 South Los Angeles high schools. Data collection instruments included a semi-structured guide and questionnaire. Two researchers independently coded transcripts...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
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