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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931254/feasibility-of-an-online-intervention-stak-d-to-promote-physical-activity-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Holly Blake, Helen Quirk, Paul Leighton, Tabitha Randell, James Greening, Boliang Guo, Cris Glazebrook
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity has important health benefits for children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), yet children and their parents face barriers to participation such as lack of self-efficacy or concerns around hypoglycaemia. Multimedia interventions are useful for educating children about their health and demonstrate potential to improve children's health-related self-efficacy, but few paediatric clinics offer web-based resources as part of routine care. The Steps to Active Kids with Diabetes (STAK-D) programme is an online intervention grounded in psychological theory (social cognitive theory) and informed by extensive preliminary research...
December 8, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927571/a-comparative-analysis-among-the-srs-m-m-nis-and-kid-databases-for-the-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#2
Nathan J Lee, Javier Z Guzman, Jun Kim, Branko Skovrlj, Christopher T Martin, Andrew J Pugely, Yubo Gao, John M Caridi, Sergio Mendoza-Lattes, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. OBJECTIVES: A growing number of publications have utilized the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS) Morbidity and Mortality (M&M) database, but none have compared it to other large databases. The objective of this study was to compare SRS complications with those in administrative databases. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) and Kid's Inpatient Database (KID) captured a greater number of overall complications while the SRS M&M data provided a greater incidence of spine-related complications following adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) surgery...
November 2016: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924143/-live-chat-clients-at-kids-help-phone-individual-characteristics-and-problem-topics
#3
Dilys Haner, Debra Pepler
OBJECTIVE: Young people in Canada prefer to use the Internet over face-to-face contact when seeking help for problems of daily living and mental health problems. Kids Help Phone (KHP) provides on-demand, anonymous help to young people via telephone and Live Chat technologies. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-two phone clients and 230 Live Chat clients responded to a questionnaire at this otherwise anonymous service, providing previously inaccessible data about their individual characteristics and characterizations of the problems for which they sought help...
2016: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924142/stimulants-use-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-kids-triumph-or-tribulation
#4
Ahmed Naguy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923266/brief-practical-screeners-in-english-and-spanish-for-acute-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-children
#5
Nancy Kassam-Adams, Meghan L Marsac
With millions of children experiencing acute traumatic events, validated screening tools are needed in both research and service contexts. We aimed to identify and evaluate short forms of the Acute Stress Checklist for Children in English (ASC-Kids) and Spanish (Cuestionario de Estrés Agudo-Niños [CEA-N]), using data from 4 samples (Ns of 254, 225, 176, and 80) of children with recent acute trauma. Confirmatory factor analyses of the full checklist in the largest sample guided item selection for 6-item and 3-item short forms...
December 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917489/nutrition-quality-of-us-school-snack-foods-a-first-look-at-2011-2014-bid-records-in-8-school-districts
#6
Y Claire Wang, Amber Hsiao, Peter Chamberlin, McKenzie Largay, Abbie Archibald, Andrew Malone, JoAnn Stevelos
BACKGROUND: As part of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act, snacks, and desserts sold in K-12 schools as of the 2014-2015 school year are required to meet the "Smart Snacks" nutritional guidelines. Although studies exist in tracking progress in local and national efforts, the proportion of snack food procured by school districts compliant with the Smart Snacks standard prior to its full implementation is unknown. METHODS: We repurposed a previously untapped database, Interflex, of public bid records to examine the nutritional quality of snacks and desserts procured by school districts...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916349/pediatric-pyoderma-gangrenosum-is-it-just-big-wounds-on-little-adults
#7
Tahereh Soleimani, Sarah E Sasor, Leigh Spera, Barry E Eppley, Juan Socas, Michael W Chu, Sunil S Tholpady
BACKGROUND: Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an uncommon, ulcerative, cutaneous condition, often caused by surgical trauma that can masquerade as a pyogenic disease process requiring debridement and antibiotics. Treatment is, however, medical, with delay leading to significant morbidity. In addition, medical workup for coincident disorders has been suggested. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that pediatric PG has differing disease associations and therefore requires a differing medical workup...
November 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906845/an-algorithmic-approach-using-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-pediatric-nasal-bone-fracture
#8
Ikkei Tamada, Takaaki Mori, Nobuaki Inoue, Hirokazu Shido, Marie Aoki, Yukie Nakamura, Ruri Kamogawa
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography (US) was recently reported as a reliable modality for diagnosing nasal bone fractures. However, whether US is reliable as a screening tool in the pediatric emergency department (ED) remains unknown. This prospective cohort study had a 2-fold aim: to assess the utility of US in the diagnosis of pediatric nasal bone fracture, and to evaluate the validity of our protocol for managing pediatric nasal bone fractures (Fuchu-Kids algorithm). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Among the patients who presented at the ED with facial trauma, those with a suspected nasal bone fracture were enrolled in the study...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903117/risk-factors-associated-with-the-surgical-management-of-craniopharyngiomas-in-pediatric-patients-analysis-of-1961-patients-from-a-national-registry-database
#9
Joshua Bakhsheshian, Diana L Jin, Ki-Eun Chang, Ben A Strickland, Dan A Donoho, Steven Cen, William J Mack, Frank Attenello, Eisha A Christian, Gabriel Zada
OBJECTIVE Patient demographic characteristics, hospital volume, and admission status have been shown to impact surgical outcomes of sellar region tumors in adults; however, the data available following the resection of craniopharyngiomas in the pediatric population remain limited. The authors sought to identify potential risk factors associated with outcomes following surgical management of pediatric craniopharyngiomas. METHODS The Nationwide Inpatient Sample database and Kids' Inpatient Database were analyzed to include admissions for pediatric patients (≤ 18 years) who underwent a transcranial or transsphenoidal craniotomy for resection of a craniopharyngioma...
December 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896811/measuring-changes-of-manual-ability-with-abilhand-kids-following-intensive-training-for-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy
#10
Yannick Bleyenheuft, Andrew M Gordon, Eugène Rameckers, Jean-Louis Thonnard, Carlyne Arnould
AIM: ABILHAND-Kids is a parent-reported questionnaire measuring manual ability in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Its psychometric properties have been established, with the exception of responsiveness, which is examined here. METHOD: In this cohort study, 98 children (46 males, 52 females; range 6-19y, mean 11y, standard deviation [SD] 3.3y) with unilateral CP underwent three assessments of upper extremity function: at baseline (T1); after 80 to 90 hours of intensive training (T2); and at follow-up (T3)...
November 29, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890332/impact-of-hospital-transfer-on-surgical-outcomes-of-intestinal-atresia
#11
T Erickson, P G Vana, B A Blanco, S A Brownlee, H N Paddock, P C Kuo, A N Kothari
BACKGROUND: Examine effects of hospital transfer into a quaternary care center on surgical outcomes of intestinal atresia. METHODS: Children <1 yo principally diagnosed with intestinal atresia were identified using the Kids' Inpatient Database (2012). Exposure variable was patient transfer status. Outcomes measured were inpatient mortality, hospital length of stay (LOS) and discharge status. Linearized standard errors, design-based F tests, and multivariable logistic regression were performed...
November 12, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884957/altered-co2-sensitivity-of-connexin26-mutant-hemichannels-in%C3%A2-vitro
#12
Elizabeth de Wolf, Joseph van de Wiel, Jonathan Cook, Nicholas Dale
Connexin26 (Cx26) mutations underlie human pathologies ranging from hearing loss to keratitis ichthyosis deafness (KID) syndrome. Cx26 hemichannels are directly gated by CO2 and contribute to the chemosensory regulation of breathing. The KID syndrome mutation A88V is insensitive to CO2, and has a dominant negative action on the CO2 sensitivity of Cx26(WT) hemichannels, and reduces respiratory drive in humans. We have now examined the effect of further human mutations of Cx26 on its sensitivity to CO2 : Mutated Cx26 subunits, carrying one of A88S, N14K, N14Y, M34T, or V84L, were transiently expressed in HeLa cells...
November 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878447/morbidity-and-healthcare-costs-of-vascular-anomalies-a-national-study
#13
Jina Kim, Zhifei Sun, Harold J Leraas, Uttara P Nag, Ehsan Benrashid, Alexander C Allori, Waleska M Pabon-Ramos, Henry E Rice, Cynthia K Shortell, Elisabeth T Tracy
PURPOSE: This study aimed to define morbidities and costs related to modern-day medical care for children with vascular anomalies. METHODS: We reviewed the 2003-2009 Kids' Inpatient Database for pediatric patients (age < 21 years) hospitalized with hemangioma, arteriovenous malformation (AVM), or lymphatic malformation (LM). Patient characteristics, hospital complications, and hospital charges were compared by vascular anomaly type. Multivariable linear regression modeling was used to determine predictors of increasing hospital costs for patients with AVMs...
November 22, 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872802/park-use-is-associated-with-less-sedentary-time-among-low-income-parents-and-their-preschool-child-the-net-works-study
#14
Simone A French, Nancy E Sherwood, Nathan R Mitchell, Yingling Fan
INTRODUCTION: Parks are an important component of the neighborhood environment, and their presence is believed to support higher levels of physical activity among residents. The present study examined park use frequency among a sample of 534 low-income parents of preschool aged children. Associations with child and parent physical activity, neighborhood characteristics and physical characteristics of the block immediately surrounding the home were examined. METHODS: Data are from baseline measurements completed in 2012-2014 as part of larger study (NET-Works: Now Everybody Together for Amazing and Healthy Kids) targeting low-income preschool children and their parents (N = 534 parent-child dyads)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868079/semantic-prediction-in-language-comprehension-evidence-from-brain-potentials
#15
Dominik Freunberger, Dietmar Roehm
Do people predict specific word-forms during language comprehension? In an Event-Related Potential (ERP) study participants read German sentences with predictable (The goalkeeper claims that the slick ball was easy to CATCH.) and unpredictable (The kids boasted that the young horse was easy to SADDLE.) verbs. Verbs were either consistent with the expected word-form (catch/saddle) or inconsistent and therefore led to ungrammaticality (*catches/*saddles). ERPs within the N400 time-window were modulated by predictability but not by the surface-form of the verbs, suggesting that no exact word-forms were predicted...
October 20, 2016: Language, Cognition and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865430/apnea-in-the-otherwise-healthy-term-newborn-national-prevalence-and-utilization-during-the-birth-hospitalization
#16
Jonathan C Levin, Jisun Jang, Lawrence M Rhein
OBJECTIVES: To describe the prevalence of apnea in otherwise healthy term newborns, identify attributable length of stay (LOS) and healthcare utilization (cost) of apnea, and measure hospital variation in attributable LOS and cost of apnea in this population. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a secondary analysis of a national administrative dataset, the 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database, which included 3.4 million newborn discharges in the US. The birth hospitalizations of approximately 2...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864427/dyskinesia-in-treatment-naive-and-stimulant-treated-children-with-adhd
#17
Ágnes Keresztény, Gyöngyvér Ferenczi-Dallos, Szabina Velő, Júlia Gádoros, Judit Balázs
OBJECTIVE: Stimulants are safe and effective medications for the treatment of ADHD. There are a number of case studies that report stimulant-induced dyskinesia. The aim of this study was to compare dyskinesia in a treated and a treatment-naive group of children with ADHD, and a healthy control group. METHOD: Children aged 6 to 18 years were involved in the study (n = 158). Diagnosis of ADHD was measured with the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Kid (MINI Kid)...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863953/reliability-of-a-kid-s-activity-and-nutrition-questionnaire-for-school-based-snap-ed-interventions-as-part-of-a-tiered-development%C3%A2-process
#18
Theresa A LeGros, Vern L Hartz, Laurel E Jacobs
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reliability of the Kids' Activity and Nutrition Questionnaire (KAN-Q) as part of a tiered process for developing Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program-Education tools. METHODS: The KAN-Q was administered at 2 time points to assess internal consistency using standardized values of Cronbach α and test-retest reliability using the intraclass correlation coefficient for continuous variables, Cohen's kappa (κ) statistic for categorical variables, and the weighted κ statistic for ordinal data...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863650/perioperative-considerations-and-complications-in-pediatric-parathyroidectomy
#19
Curtis Hanba, Michael Bobian, Peter F Svider, Anthony Sheyn, Bianca Siegel, Ho-Sheng Lin, S Naweed Raza
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate perioperative considerations and post-operative complications associated with parathyroidectomy in the pediatric population. METHODS: The Kids' Inpatient Database 21 (KID) was searched for patients who underwent parathyroidectomy in 2009 and 2012. Patient demographics, hospital stay, associated charges, and post-operative adverse sequelae were evaluated in all patients and included patient comorbidity and additional procedure requirement analysis...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860318/ordering-patterns-following-the-implementation-of-a-healthier-children-s-restaurant-menu-a-latent-class-analysis
#20
Megan P Mueller, Stephanie Anzman-Frasca, Caitlin E Blakeley, Sara C Folta, Parke Wilde, Christina D Economos
OBJECTIVE: Identify ordering patterns following implementation of a healthier children's menu. METHODS: A healthier children's menu was introduced in 2012 at a regional restaurant chain, featuring more meals meeting Kids LiveWell (KLW) nutrition standards, KLW side dishes bundled with meals, and the removal of French fries and soda. Latent class analysis was conducted on child meal orders placed after menu implementation (n = 8,611). The average calorie content and proportion of orders meeting calorie recommendations (≤600 kcal) in each class were evaluated...
November 17, 2016: Obesity
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