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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667851/athlete-s-heart-in-kids-a-word-of-caution
#1
Andreas Hoffmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665342/age-at-time-of-craniosynostosis-repair-predicts-increased-complication-rate
#2
William J Bruce, Victor Chang, Cara J Joyce, Adrienne N Cobb, Uma I Maduekwe, Parit A Patel
OBJECTIVE: This study uses administrative data to assess the optimal timing for surgical repair of craniosynostosis and to identify factors associated with risk of perioperative complications. DESIGN: Statistical analysis of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database (2006, 2009, 2012). SETTING: KID-participating hospitals in 44 states. PATIENTS: Children 0 to 3 years of age with ICD-9 codes for surgical correction of craniosynostosis (756 and 0124, 0125, 0201, 0203, 0204, or 0206)...
May 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662458/inhibition-updating-working-memory-and-shifting-predict-reading-disability-symptoms-in-a-hybrid-model-project-kids
#3
Mia C Daucourt, Christopher Schatschneider, Carol M Connor, Stephanie Al Otaiba, Sara A Hart
Recent achievement research suggests that executive function (EF), a set of regulatory processes that control both thought and action necessary for goal-directed behavior, is related to typical and atypical reading performance. This project examines the relation of EF, as measured by its components, Inhibition, Updating Working Memory, and Shifting, with a hybrid model of reading disability (RD). Our sample included 420 children who participated in a broader intervention project when they were in KG-third grade (age M = 6...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656992/cryptosporidium-species-in-post-weaned-and-adult-sheep-and-goats-from-n-w-spain-public-and-animal-health-significance
#4
P Díaz, E Navarro, A Prieto, A Pérez-Creo, M Viña, J M Díaz-Cao, C M López, R Panadero, G Fernández, P Díez-Baños, P Morrondo
Application of molecular approaches has led to a significant progress on the knowledge of the epidemiology of Cryptosporidium spp. Nevertheless, molecular information on the occurrence of cryptosporidiosis in domestic small ruminants, especially in goats, are limited and restricted to the study of a modest number of isolates, mainly from diarrhoeic neonates. In order to determine the Cryptosporidium species present in healthy post-weaned and adult small ruminants from north-western Spain and to analyse a possible age-related distribution of species, faecal specimens were collected in sheep and goat farms without neonatal diarrhoea outbreaks the year before the sampling...
April 30, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656912/the-voices-for-healthy-kids-and-state-legislation-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-an-update
#5
Sara N Bleich, Jesse C Jones-Smith, Hannah J Walters, Lainie Rutkow
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to examine general time trends in childhood obesity legislative activity in all 50 states (overall and by health equity focus) and whether the Voices for Healthy Kids Campaign (Voices) was associated with increased legislative activity. METHODS: LexisNexis State Capital was used to identify bills related to childhood obesity from 2012 to 2016. Linear and linear probability models were used to assess general time trends and regression-based difference-in-difference models to assess whether time trends differed for states that received a Voices grant...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653197/epidemiologic-practice-and-conduct-guidelines-a-new-kid-on-the-block
#6
Henrique Barros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649701/change-of-heart-dimensions-and-function-during-pregnancy-in-goats
#7
Olga Szaluś-Jordanow, Michał Czopowicz, Lucjan Witkowski, Agata Moroz, Marcin Mickiewicz, Tadeusz Frymus, Iwona Markowska-Daniel, Emilia Bagnicka, Jarosław Kaba
The study aimed to evaluate the effect of pregnancy on heart diameters and function in goats. Transthoracic echocardiography of 12 female dairy goats of two Polish regional breeds was performed. A Mindray M7 diagnostic ultrasound system with Phased Array transducer was used. Simultaneously, electrocardiography was recorded. All animals were examined four times - at mating season, at the end of the first trimester, at the end of the second trimester and just before kidding. Eleven measurements were taken each time: aortic and left atrial diameter (AoD and LAD), right and left ventricular internal diameter in diastole (RVIDd and LVIDd), left ventricular internal diameter in systole (LVIDs), inter-ventricular septum thickness in diastole and systole (IVSd and IVSd) and left ventricular posterior wall in diastole and systole (LVPWd and LVPWs), maximum left and right ventricular outflow tract velocity (RVOT Vmax and LVOT Vmax)...
March 8, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628740/total-and-soluble-fluoride-concentration-present-in-various-commercial-brands-of-children-toothpastes-available-in-saudi-arabia-a-pilot-study
#8
Imran Farooq, Saqib Ali, Khalifa Sulaiman Al-Khalifa, Khalid Alhooshani
Objective: The aim of this pilot study was to perform chemical analysis and investigate the total and soluble fluoride concentrations in various brands of children toothpastes. Materials and methods: Three samples of five different commercial brands of children toothpastes were collected and divided into five groups; group A - Biorepair Oral Care toothpaste containing no fluoride (control), group B - Signal Kids Strawberry toothpaste having 500 ppm fluoride, group C - Aquafresh Milk Teeth toothpaste having 500 ppm fluoride, group D - Aquafresh Little Teeth toothpaste having 500 ppm fluoride, and group E - Siwak F Junior having 400 ppm F...
April 2018: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626244/weekend-vs-weekday-appendectomy-for-complicated-appendicitis-effects-on-outcomes-and-operative-approach
#9
Rebecca S Lane, Jun Tashiro, Brandon W Burroway, Eduardo A Perez, Juan E Sola
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that laparoscopic (LA) or open appendectomy (OA) outcomes in complicated appendicitis are associated with weekend vs. weekday procedure date. METHODS: We queried the Kids' Inpatient Database (1997-2012) for complicated (540.0, 540.1) appendicitis treated with LA or OA. Propensity score (PS)-matched analysis compared outcomes associated with weekend vs. weekday LA and OA. RESULTS: Overall, 103,501 cases of complicated appendicitis were identified...
April 6, 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621527/transmammary-transfer-of-toxicity-to-nursing-kids-from-isocoma-pluriflora-rayless-goldenrod-dosed-to-lactating-goats
#10
James A Pfister, Bryan L Stegelmeier, Stephen T Lee, T Zane Davis, Ben T Green
Rayless goldenrod (RG; Isocoma pluriflora) poisons livestock in the southwestern U.S., west Texas, and northern Mexico. The putative toxin(s) have historically been thought to be benzofuran ketones. Goats have been used successfully as a model of RG poisoning. The transmammary transfer of toxicity to offspring from lactating goats has not been studied, thus the objective of this study was to determine if nursing kids would become poisoned via mother's milk when the dams were dosed with RG. Twelve lactating goats (6 controls and 6 treated; all with twin kids) were dosed via oral gavage with alfalfa or rayless goldenrod at 2% of BW per day for 14 days...
April 2, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614788/new-kids-on-the-block-rna-based-influenza-virus-vaccines
#11
REVIEW
Francesco Berlanda Scorza, Norbert Pardi
RNA-based immunization strategies have emerged as promising alternatives to conventional vaccine approaches. A substantial body of published work demonstrates that RNA vaccines can elicit potent, protective immune responses against various pathogens. Consonant with its huge impact on public health, influenza virus is one of the best studied targets of RNA vaccine research. Currently licensed influenza vaccines show variable levels of protection against seasonal influenza virus strains but are inadequate against drifted and pandemic viruses...
April 1, 2018: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614145/purl-treating-migraines-it-s-different-for-kids
#12
Matthew Hawks, Anne Mounsey
Certain medications used for migraine prevention in adults do not perform the same way in children and adolescents and can actually cause harm.
April 2018: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605576/effects-of-maternal-dietary-selenium-se-enriched-yeast-on-testis-development-testosterone-level-and-testicular-steroidogenesis-related-gene-expression-of-their-male-kids-in-taihang-black-goats
#13
Lei Shi, Ruigao Song, Xiaolei Yao, Yunli Duan, Youshe Ren, Chunxiang Zhang, Wenbin Yue, Fulin Lei
To investigate the effects of maternal dietary selenium (Se-enriched yeast) on testis development, testosterone level and steroidogenesis-related gene expression in testis of their male kids, selected pregnant Taihang Black Goats were randomly allotted to four treatment groups. They were fed the basal gestation and lactation diets supplemented with 0 (control), 0.5, 2.0 and 4.0 mg of Se/kg DM. Thirty days after weaning, testes were collected from the kids. After the morphological development status of testis was examined, tissue samples were collected for analyzing testosterone concentration and histological parameters...
March 26, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605269/is-isomerism-a-risk-factor-for-intestinal-volvulus
#14
Rachel M Landisch, Rohit S Loomba, Jose H Salazar, Matthew W Buelow, Michele Frommelt, Robert H Anderson, Amy J Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Isomerism, or heterotaxy syndrome, affects many organ systems anatomically and functionally. Intestinal malrotation is common in patients with isomerism. Despite a low reported risk of volvulus, some physicians perform routine screening and prophylactic Ladd procedures on asymptomatic patients with isomerism who are found to have intestinal malrotation. The primary aim of this study was to determine if isomerism is an independent risk factor for volvulus. METHODS: Kid's Inpatient Database data from 1997 to 2012 was utilized for this study...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601922/family-food-involvement-is-related-to-healthier-dietary-intake-in-preschool-aged-children
#15
Jessica Jarick Metcalfe, Barbara H Fiese
Children in the United States fall far short of meeting federal dietary recommendations. The unhealthy diets common amongst young children are of crucial public health concern, given that they can inhibit healthy development and are predictive of chronic diseases in adulthood. Research investigating behaviors that are related to dietary habits is crucial to allow a better understanding of the causes of unhealthy dietary practices. Involvement in food preparation is known to be associated with healthy dietary behaviors in school-aged children, but little is known about these behaviors and their correlates in younger children...
March 27, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596227/the-kids-are-not-alright
#16
Maureen Shawn Kennedy
Several articles highlight the need for more child-friendly policies, programs, and practices.
April 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594963/the-effects-of-ppr-on-the-reproductive-health-of-black-bengal-goats-and-the-possible-role-played-by-oxidative-stress
#17
Pankaj Kumar, Amitava Dey, Abhay Kumar, Pradeep Kumar Ray, Poolangulam Chinnakkan Chandran, Rashmi Rekha Kumari, Manish Kumar
Outbreaks of Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) viral disease in Black Bengal goats were investigated from the middle Indo-Gangetic Plains of India. Clinical profile of PPR-affected flocks was recorded from four different outbreak sites of the region. The PPR outbreak was diagnosed serologically using commercially available sandwich ELISA kit. Relatively, low mortality rate (mean 26.75%) for PPR outbreak was recorded due to the endemic status of the disease. To understand the role of oxidative stress in PPR virus pathogenesis, various oxidant and antioxidant parameters in goats infected with PPR were estimated and compared with the uninfected/healthy goats of the same flock...
March 28, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590538/stat3-gof-a-new-kid-on-the-block-in-interstitial-lung-diseases
#18
Alexandre Fabre, Sarah Marchal, Lisa Renee Forbes, Tiphanie Phillips Vogel, Vincent Barlogis, Valérie Triolo, Pierre-Simon Rohrlich, Etienne Bérard, Diane Frankel, Damien Ambrosetti, Christine Soler, Marie Hoflack, Marie Baque, Emmanuelle Bosdure, Mélisande Baravalle, Ania Carsin, Jean-Christophe Dubus, Lisa Giovannini-Chami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590416/opportunistic-screening-for-alcohol-use-problems-in-adolescents-attending-emergency-departments-an-evaluation-of-screening-tools
#19
Simon Coulton, M Fasihul Alam, Sadie Boniface, Paolo Deluca, Kim Donoghue, Eilish Gilvarry, Eileen Kaner, Ellen Lynch, Ian Maconochie, Paul McArdle, Ruth McGovern, Dorothy Newbury-Birch, Robert Patton, Ceri J Phillips, Thomas Phillips, Hannah Rose, Ian Russell, John Strang, Colin Drummond
Objective: To estimate and compare the optimal cut-off score of Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and AUDIT-C in identifying at-risk alcohol consumption, heavy episodic alcohol use, ICD-10 alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence in adolescents attending ED in England. Design: Opportunistic cross-sectional survey. Setting: 10 emergency departments across England. Participants: Adolescents (n = 5377) aged between their 10th and 18th birthday who attended emergency departments between December 2012 and May 2013...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589482/psychosocial-determinants-of-food-acquisition-and-preparation-in-low-income-urban-african-american-households
#20
JaWanna L Henry, Angela C B Trude, Pamela J Surkan, Elizabeth Anderson Steeves, Laura C Hopkins, Joel Gittelsohn
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors are important determinants of health behaviors and diet-related outcomes, yet relatively little work has explored their relation to food-purchasing and preparation behaviors in low-income populations. AIM: To evaluate the psychosocial factors associated with food-related behaviors. METHODS: Cross-sectional data collected from 465 low-income African American adult caregivers in the baseline evaluation of the B'more Healthy Communities for Kids obesity prevention trial...
March 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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