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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338555/retinal-detachment-and-retrobulbar-cysts-in-a-large-cohort-of-optic-nerve-coloboma
#1
Yufeng N Chen, C K Patel, Peter J Kertes, Robert G Devenyi, Susan Blaser, Wai-Ching Lam
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between retinal detachment and retrobulbar cysts in patients with optic nerve coloboma (ONC) and Morning Glory syndrome (MGS). METHODS: Patients diagnosed with either ONC or MGS were identified through a search of the Sick Kids database. Seventy-one patients either agreed to come in for a B-scan or had an incidental orbital B-scan or magnetic resonance imaging or both. Eyes with orbital B-scan ultrasound and/or magnetic resonance imaging images were assessed independently by two ophthalmologists and a radiologist for the presence of retrobulbar cysts...
March 23, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337159/hey-teacher-don-t-leave-them-kids-alone-action-is-better-for-memory-than-reading
#2
Mathieu Hainselin, Laurence Picard, Patrick Manolli, Sophie Vankerkore-Candas, Béatrice Bourdin
There is no consensus on how the enactment effect (EE), although it is robust, enhances memory. Researchers are currently investigating the cognitive processes underlying this effect, mostly during adulthood; the link between EE and crucial function identified in adulthood such as episodic memory and binding process remains elusive. Therefore, this study aims to verify the existence of EE in 6-10 years old and assess cognitive functions potentially linked to this effect in order to shed light on the mechanisms underlying the EE during childhood...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332362/signal-detection-of-imipenem-compared-to-other-drugs-from-korea-adverse-event-reporting-system-database
#3
Kyounghoon Park, Mick Soukavong, Jungmee Kim, Kyoung Eun Kwon, Xue Mei Jin, Joongyub Lee, Bo Ram Yang, Byung Joo Park
PURPOSE: To detect signals of adverse drug events after imipenem treatment using the Korea Institute of Drug Safety & Risk Management-Korea adverse event reporting system database (KIDS-KD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed data mining using KIDS-KD, which was constructed using spontaneously reported adverse event (AE) reports between December 1988 and June 2014. We detected signals calculated the proportional reporting ratio, reporting odds ratio, and information component of imipenem...
May 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325486/mri-utilization-and-the-associated-use-of-sedation-and-anesthesia-in-a-pediatric-aco
#4
Joshua C Uffman, Dmitry Tumin, Vidya Raman, Arlyne Thung, Brent Adler, Joseph D Tobias
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: MRI is commonly used in the pediatric population and often requires sedation or general anesthesia to complete. This study used data from a pediatric accountable care organization (ACO) to investigate trends in MRI utilization and in the requirement for anesthesia to complete MRI examinations. METHODS: The Partners for Kids (PFK) ACO claims database was queried for MRI examination encounters involving patients 0 to 18 years old from 2009 to 2014, with utilization expressed as encounters per 10,000 PFK members-months...
March 15, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302692/dnajc21-the-new-kid-on-the-sds-block
#5
Lucy A Godley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301674/single-cell-transcriptome-profiling-revealed-differences-in-gene-expression-during-oocyte-maturation-in-haimen-white-goats
#6
X Y Yin, G H Cheng, H Y Guo, Q Wang, Y J Li, H Zhang
Juvenile in vitro embryo transfer is an important animal reproductive technology that can shorten the generation interval of livestock, explore the reproductive potential of dams with excellent genetic traits, accelerate genetic progress and production efficiency of the herd, and provide a wealth of genetic resources for livestock breeding. However, oocytes from kids do not develop as well as those from female goats during in vitro maturation. To identify differences during different stages of oocyte maturation, we used single cell transcriptome sequencing to compare gene expression in mature oocytes from kids and female goats...
March 15, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295530/the-fanny-pack-no-ifs-ands-or-buts
#7
Kaiane Habeshian, Anna Yasmine Kirkorian, Kalyani Marathe
Although the white coat is central to the practice of adult medicine, pediatricians often shed it to avoid creating negative associations and provoking fear in children. In our pediatric dermatology practice, the fanny pack (FP) has replaced many of the functional elements of the white coat. The FP is a kid-friendly way to readily carry key medical supplies from one patient encounter to the next. It is more hygienic, light weight, and affordable than traditional doctor's bags and white coats. In this article we outline the benefits of the FP, which include storage, ergonomics, efficiency, cleanliness, kid-friendliness, and cost-effectiveness...
March 10, 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292747/-kids-save-lives-educating-schoolchildren-in-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-is-a-civic-duty-that-needs-support-for-implementation
#8
EDITORIAL
Bernd W Böttiger, Federico Semeraro, Sabine Wingen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292193/raters-interpret-positively-and-negatively-worded-items-similarly-in-a-quality-of-life-instrument-for-children
#9
Chung-Ying Lin, Carol Strong, Meng-Che Tsai, Chih-Ting Lee
Measurement invariance is an important assumption to meaningfully compare children's quality of life (QoL) between different raters (eg, children and parents) and across genders. Moreover, QoL instruments may combine using negatively and positively worded items-a common method to reduce response bias. However, the wording effects may have different levels of impact on different raters and genders. Our aim was to investigate the measurement invariance of Kid-KINDL, a commonly used QoL instrument, across genders and raters and to consider the wording effects simultaneously...
January 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289049/kids-in-communities-study-kics-study-protocol-a-cross-sectional-mixed-methods-approach-to-measuring-community-level-factors-influencing-early-child-development-in-australia
#10
Sharon Goldfeld, Karen Villanueva, Robert Tanton, Ilan Katz, Sally Brinkman, Geoffrey Woolcock, Billie Giles-Corti
INTRODUCTION: Healthy childhood development in the early years is critical for later adult health and well-being. Early childhood development (ECD) research has focused primarily on individual, family and school factors, but largely ignored community factors. The Kids in Communities Study (KiCS) will test and investigate community-level influences on child development across Australia. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Cross-sectional mixed-methods study exploring community-level effects in 25 Australian local communities; selection based on community socioeconomic status (SES) and ECD using the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC), a population measure of child development, to create a local community 'diagonality type', that is, those performing better or worse (off-diagonal), or as expected (on-diagonal) on the AEDC relative to their SES...
March 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287365/the-gaps-gefs-gdis-and%C3%A2-now-gems-new-kids-on-the-heterotrimeric-g-protein-signaling-block
#11
Pradipta Ghosh, Padmini Rangamani, Irina Kufareva
The canonical process of activation of heterotrimeric G proteins by G protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) is well studied. Recently, a rapidly emerging paradigm has revealed the existence of a new, non-canonical set of cytosolic G protein modulators, guanine exchange modulators (GEMs). Among G proteins regulators, GEMs are uniquely capable of initiating pleiotropic signals: these bifunctional modulators can activate cAMP inhibitory (Gi) proteins and inhibit cAMP-stimulatory (Gs) proteins through a single short evolutionarily conserved module...
March 13, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281775/epidemiology-and-effect-of-gastrointestinal-nematodes-on-dairy-goats-in-argentina
#12
Victor H Suarez, Gabriela M Martínez, Alberto E Viñabal, José R Alfaro
The aim of this work was to study the epidemiology and harmful effects of gastrointestinal nematodes (GINs) on dairy goats maintained in an intensive system. Two groups of goats were studied: untreated group (UG) (subdivided into UGjun goats that kidded in June, and UGjul goats that kidded in July) and treated group (TG) (with no subgroups, treated with monepantel: 3.75 mg/kg, orally, monthly). Eggs per gram (epg) in faeces were counted, faecal culture was performed to differentiate nematode genera and milk production was measured...
February 28, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279139/the-feagaiga-and-faife-au-kids-fks-an-examination-of-the-experiences-of-parsonage-children-of-the-samoan-congregational-denomination-in-new-zealand
#13
Sadat Petelo Muaiava
This article examines the experiences of faife'au 'kids' (clergy children) of the Samoan Congregational Christian Church denomination in New Zealand. The paper investigates the effects the indigenous concept of feagaiga (covenant) has on faife'au kids (FKs) parsonage experiences. Additionally, the Eurocentric concept of 'tagata'ese' (stranger) is also investigated. As part of a master's research study, Talanoa sessions were conducted with eight FKs of the Congregational denomination in New Zealand. Participants were mainly from the Wellington and Auckland regions...
March 2017: Journal of Pastoral Care & Counseling: JPCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273602/reference-values-for-running-sprint-field-tests-in-preschool-children-a-population-based-study
#14
Pedro Ángel Latorre-Román, David Mora-López, Melchor Martínez-Redondo, Felipe García-Pinillos
The purpose of this study was to determine reference values in the 20m sprint test for Spanish preschool children and to examine the influence of age, sex and anthropometrics characteristics in sprint performance. A cross-sectional study was used. A total of 3076 children, aged 3 to 6 years, participated in this study (1539 girls and 1537 boys). To measure running speed, the 20m sprint test was used. In the analysis of reliability, using test-retest with 89 children (48% boys), the following descriptive results were obtained (mean, SD): at pretest=5...
December 13, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273057/the-association-of-accessory-auricular-tissue-with-solid-organ-abnormalities-and-its-effect-on-auditory-and-vestibular-function
#15
Hillary E Jenny, Benjamin B Massenburg, E Hope Weissler, Peter J Taub
BACKGROUND: Accessory auricular tissue is a common congenital anomaly ranging from an accessory skin appendage to a separate pinna. The association between auditory or vestibular dysfunction and accessory auricular tissue is debated, and little is known about related solid organ abnormalities. We examine the prevalence of accessory auricular tissue, its association between solid organ abnormalities and auditory/vestibular dysfunction, and its management. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed using the 2000 to 2012 HCUP kids' inpatient database...
April 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259382/regional-variation-in-rates-of-pediatric-perforated-appendicitis
#16
Samir Sarda, Heather L Short, Jason M Hockenberry, Ian McCarthy, Mehul V Raval
BACKGROUND: While trends in perforated appendicitis (PA) rates have been studied, regional variability in pediatric admissions for PA remains unknown. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional analysis of the 2006-2012 Kids' Inpatient Database was conducted to examine variation in PA admission rates by region of the United States and insurance status. PA rates were calculated and reported as per 1000 admissions in accordance with national quality measure specifications...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258863/-involving-children-and-young-people-in-clinical-research-in-france-the-france-kids-challenge
#17
S Malik, T Cotte, N Jomard, M Fodor, M Gillet, B Kassaï
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258541/effect-of-changes-in-the-nutritional-status-on-the-performances-of-growing-creole-kids-during-an-established-nematode-parasite-infection
#18
W Ceï, H Archimède, R Arquet, Y Félicité, D Feuillet, A Nepos, P Mulciba, T Etienne, G Alexandre, J C Bambou
In this study, we evaluated the effect of changes in the nutritional status on the performances of growing Creole kids during an established experimental gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infection. Eighteen 6-month-old Creole kids were distributed in two main groups infected (I) and non-infected (NI) and were placed for a period of 4 weeks on each of three diets differing in their nutritional values: (1) fresh grass (FG, 6.7 MJ/kg dry matter (DM) and 7.9% crude protein (CP)) non-supplemented, (2) FG supplemented with a commercial concentrate (CC, 12...
March 3, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257857/generation-of-a-transgenic-cashmere-goat-using-the-piggybac-transposition-system
#19
Ding-Ping Bai, Ming-Ming Yang, Lei Qu, Yu-Lin Chen
The development of transgenic technologies in the Cashmere goat (Capra hircus) has the potential to improve the quality of the meat and wool. The piggyBac (PB) transposon system is highly efficient and can be used to transpose specific target genes into the genome. Here, we developed a PB transposon system to produce transgenic Cashmere goat fetal fibroblasts (GFFs) with the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP). We then used the genetically modified GFFs as nuclear donors to generate transgenic embryos by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT)...
April 15, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257651/care-coordination-for-children-with-special-health-care-needs-a-cohort-study
#20
Elisa Zanello, Simona Calugi, Lee M Sanders, Jacopo Lenzi, Giacomo Faldella, Paola Rucci, Maria Pia Fantini
BACKGROUND: Care coordination is widely recognized as a key element of care for patients with chronic and complex medical conditions and their families. In care for children with special health care needs the Family Pediatrician (FP) plays a central role as care coordinator. This study aims to evaluate the FPs' activities of care coordination for children with special health care needs in the pediatric primary care setting, using an on-line measurement tool. METHODS: Within the prospective cohort study SpeNK (Special Needs Kids), newborns and children with special health care needs were recruited at discharge from three hospital facilities in Bologna province, from October 1st 2012 to September 30th 2014...
February 3, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
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