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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537762/creation-of-an-integrated-knowledge-translation-process-to-improve-pediatric-emergency-care-in-canada
#1
Robin M Featherstone, Carly Leggett, Lisa Knisley, Mona Jabbour, Terry P Klassen, Shannon D Scott, Greg Van De Mosselaer, Lisa Hartling
TREKK (Translating Emergency Knowledge for Kids) was established to address knowledge needs to support care of children in general emergency departments. To achieve this goal, we developed an integrated knowledge translation (KT) process based on identified priorities to create the TREKK Evidence Repository, containing "knowledge pyramids" and Bottom Line Recommendations (summary documents) on the diagnosis and treatment of emergency pediatric conditions. The objective of this article is to describe our methods for developing and disseminating the TREKK Evidence Repository to improve pediatric emergency care in Canada...
May 24, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528173/school-wellness-team-best-practices-to-promote-wellness-policy-implementation
#2
Erika Profili, Diana S Rubio, Hannah G Lane, Lea H Jaspers, Megan S Lopes, Maureen M Black, Erin R Hager
Schools with wellness teams are more likely to implement federally mandated Local Wellness Policies (LWPs, Local Education Agency-level policies for healthy eating/physical activity). Best practices have been developed for wellness teams based on minimal empirical evidence. The purpose of this study is to determine, among schools with wellness teams, associations between LWP implementation and six wellness team best practices (individually and as a sum score). An online survey targeting Maryland school wellness leaders/administrators (52...
May 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525883/-don-t-let-kids-play-football-a-killer-idea
#3
EDITORIAL
James MacDonald, Gregory D Myer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 8, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523937/attentional-set-shifting-and-social-abilities-in-children-with-schizotypal-and-comorbid-autism-spectrum-disorders
#4
Ahmad Abu-Akel, Renee R Testa, Harvey P Jones, Nola Ross, Efstratios Skafidas, Bruce Tonge, Christos Pantelis
OBJECTIVE: While diagnostically independent, autism and schizotypal disorders can co-occur. Their concurrent impact on outcomes and phenotypes has not been investigated. We investigated the impact of comorbid autism and schizotypal disorders in children on executive functioning and socio-pragmatic skills - core features of both disorders. METHOD: Executive functioning (assessed with the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery) and socio-pragmatic skills (assessed using the Melbourne Assessment of Schizotypy in Kids) were investigated in a total of 67 (6-12 year old) children with autism ( n = 15; M/F = 10/5), schizotypal disorder ( n = 8; M/F = 5/3) and comorbid autism and schizotypal disorder ( n = 12; M/F = 5/7) and typically developing children ( n = 32; M/F = 17/15)...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511297/-the-effect-of-complement-c3a-receptor-antagonist-in-the-kidney-immune-injury-in-trichloroethylene-sensitized-mice
#5
P Yang, D D Zang, X D Yang, B D Li, X Wang, J X Zhang, Q X Zhu
Objective: To explore the effect of complement C3 a-C3a receptor in the kidney immune inju-ry in trichloroethylene-sensitized mice by using C3a receptor specific antagonist C3aRA and discuss the patho-genesis of kidney injury in occupational dermatitis medicamentosa-like of trichloroethylene (ODMLT) . Methods: 42 female 6~8 weeks old BALB/c mice of specific pathogen free were randomly divided into blank control group (5) , solvent control group (5) , TCE treatment group (16) and TCE+C3aRA treatment group (16) ...
March 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511153/-morbidity-rate-of-obesity-in-children-in-ukraine-overweight-as-noncontagious-disease-risk-factor
#6
Ірина Е Заболотна
INTRODUCTION: The upsurge of prevalence rate of obesity and overweight that in the majority of cases traces back to childhood is a risk factor of the most common noncontagious diseases in adults. THE AIM: The aim was to analyze prevalence of obesity in children in Ukraine and to conduct the pilot study of medical condition of overweight children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Official state statistics of prevalence rate of obesity in kids and screening data of anthropometric characteristics, arterial tension levels, physical performance decrement and medical condition of children (boys - 50, girls - 90, average age - 15,1±0,1 years) was used in research...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510572/1-2-million-kids-and-counting-mobile-science-laboratories-drive-student-interest-in-stem
#7
Amanda L Jones, Mary K Stapleton
In today's increasingly technological society, a workforce proficient in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) skills is essential. Research has shown that active engagement by K-12 students in hands-on science activities that use authentic science tools promotes student learning and retention. Mobile laboratory programs provide this type of learning in schools and communities across the United States and internationally. Many programs are members of the Mobile Lab Coalition (MLC), a nonprofit organization of mobile and other laboratory-based education programs built on scientist and educator collaborations...
May 2017: PLoS Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507337/identification-and-comparative-analysis-of-the-ovarian-micrornas-of-prolific-and-non-prolific-goats-during-the-follicular-phase-using-high-throughput-sequencing
#8
Xiang-Dong Zi, Jian-Yuan Lu, Li Ma
The kidding rate is one of the most important economic traits for goat production, but the genetic mechanism that is associated with ovulation rate is poorly understood. Recently, increasing evidence has suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs) influence ovarian biological processes. The present study provides the first comparison of the ovarian miRNAs of prolific Jintang black goats (JTGs) and non-prolific Tibetan goats (TBGs) during the follicular phase using RNA-Seq technology. We generated 11.19 million (M) and 11...
May 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505550/histological-differences-in-the-adrenal-glands-and-cortisol-levels-of-suckling-dairy-goat-kids-in-enriched-and-non-enriched-environments
#9
A P Rosas-Trigueros, I E Candanosa-Aranda, A E Ducoing-Watty, J Gutiérrez-Molotla, F Galindo, A M Sisto-Burt
Intensive production systems can negatively affect the welfare of goats. Environmental enrichment techniques can be used to reduce stress. The aim of this study was analyze the effect of environmental enrichment on the histological characteristics of adrenal glands, cortisol levels and weekly weight gain of suckling Alpine French male kids under confinement. A randomised design was used to test the effect of the treatment. The animals (n=20) were randomly assigned to two treatments (enriched and non-enriched) with two replicates each...
May 6, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504097/humoral-immune-responses-of-experimentally-eimeria-ninakholyakimovae-infected-goat-kids
#10
Lorena Matos, María Del Carmen Muñoz, José Manuel Molina, Otilia Ferrer, Francisco Rodríguez, Davinia Pérez, Adassa María López, Sergio Martín, Carlos Hermosilla, Anja Taubert, Antonio Ruiz
Although cellular immune reactions seem to be crucial for protective immune responses in Eimeria spp. infections, there are also evidences on an active involvement of the humoral counterpart. In the present study, we have analyzed the humoral response of goat kids subjected to primary and challenge infections with Eimeria ninakholyakimovae. Specific levels of IgG and IgM in serum samples and IgA in the ileal mucus were estimated. In infected kids, significantly increased levels of IgG were observed from 3 weeks post infection onwards in addition to an enhancement of specific IgM and secretory IgA levels...
April 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503704/use-of-eeg-in-critically-ill-children-and-neonates-in-the-united-states-of-america
#11
Marina Gaínza-Lein, Iván Sánchez Fernández, Tobias Loddenkemper
The objective of the study was to estimate the proportion of patients who receive an electroencephalogram (EEG) among five common indications for EEG monitoring in the intensive care unit: traumatic brain injury (TBI), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), cardiac arrest, cardiac surgery and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). We performed a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study utilizing the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) for the years 2010-2012. The KID is the largest pediatric inpatient database in the USA and it is based on discharge reports created by hospitals for billing purposes...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501899/is-there-a-july-effect-in-pediatric-neurosurgery
#12
Yimo Lin, Rory R Mayer, Terence Verla, Jeffrey S Raskin, Sandi Lam
PURPOSE: The belief that July, when resident physicians' training year begins, may be associated with increased risk of patient morbidity and mortality is known as the "July effect." This study aimed to compare complication rates after pediatric neurosurgical procedures in the first versus last academic quarters in two national datasets. METHODS: Data were extracted from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatrics (NSQIP-P) database for year 2012 for 30-day complication events and the Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) for year 2012 for in-hospital complication events after pediatric neurosurgical procedures...
May 13, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501132/association-between-climatic-elements-and-acute-appendicitis-in-japan
#13
Yasuto Sato, Noriko Kojimahara, Kosuke Kiyohara, Motoki Endo, Naohito Yamaguchi
BACKGROUND: In Japan, it has been reported that an increase in atmospheric pressure is associated with a higher incidence of acute appendicitis. The aim of this epidemiologic study was to investigate the association between climatic elements and the incidence of acute appendicitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case-crossover design was used in the present study. Two wk before diagnosis was used for the target period. The same 2-wk period, but 1, 2, and 3 y before diagnosis, was used for the control period...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498005/school-protective-factors-and-substance-use-among-lesbian-gay-and-bisexual-adolescents-in-california-public-schools
#14
Kris Tunac De Pedro, Monica Christina Esqueda, Tamika D Gilreath
PURPOSE: The majority of studies examining substance use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth have focused on a wide array of risk factors (e.g., victimization). Few studies have explored the protective role of schools. This study aims to fill this gap in the literature and inform programs aimed at reducing substance use among LGB youth. More specifically, this study explores the extent to which school connectedness and support from teachers and other adults at school are associated with substance use among LGB youth in school and within the past 30 days...
May 12, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497993/personal-variation-in-preference-for-sweetness-effects-of-age-and-obesity
#15
Nuala Bobowski, Julie A Mennella
BACKGROUND: Use of nonnutritive sweeteners (NNSs), which provide sweet taste with few to no calories, has increased, but data on whether children's hedonic responses to NNSs differ from nutritive sugars or from adults' hedonic responses are limited. METHODS: Most preferred levels of sucrose and the NNS sucralose were determined via a forced-choice tracking procedure in 48 children, 7-14 years (mean = 10 years), and 34 adults. Each participant also rated the liking of these taste stimuli, as well as varying concentrations of aspartame on 3- and 5-point facial hedonic scales...
May 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497243/-kids-save-lives-resuscitation-training-for-schoolchildren-systematic-review
#16
D C Schroeder, H Ecker, S Wingen, F Semeraro, B W Böttiger
BACKGROUND: Even in western developed countries, the probability of survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is only 6-10%. In order to improve survival after OHCA, early initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by laypersons is essential. Introduction of CPR training in schoolchildren seems to be effective to increase lay-CPR rates. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present investigation was to elucidate educational aspects of teaching schoolchildren in CPR and to summarize campaigns related to a comprehensive establishment of lay-CPR worldwide...
May 11, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492501/urinary-metabolomics-in-pediatric-obesity-and-nafld-identifies-metabolic-pathways-metabolites-related-to-dietary-habits-and-gut-liver-axis-perturbations
#17
Jacopo Troisi, Luca Pierri, Annamaria Landolfi, Francesca Marciano, Antonella Bisogno, Federica Belmonte, Carmen Palladino, Salvatore Guercio Nuzio, Pietro Campiglia, Pietro Vajro
To get insight into still elusive pathomechanisms of pediatric obesity and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) we explored the interplay among GC-MS studied urinary metabolomic signature, gut liver axis (GLA) abnormalities, and food preferences (Kid-Med). Intestinal permeability (IP), small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), and homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance were investigated in forty children (mean age 9.8 years) categorized as normal weight (NW) or obese (body mass index <85th or >95th percentile, respectively) ± ultrasonographic bright liver and hypertransaminasemia (NAFLD)...
May 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492203/assessment-of-tobacco-control-efforts-in-three-sub-saharan-african-countries
#18
Akindele O Adebiyi, Akinbode Oluwafemi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco industry's undermining of tobacco control goes on unabated in sub-Saharan African countries, especially in Kenya, Nigeria, and Uganda. The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) contains provisions aimed at curbing these activities. However, the level to which FCTC is implemented and the strength of each country's tobacco control law will determine its usefulness in this regard. We determined the implementation status and strength of tobacco control laws in Kenya, Nigeria, and Uganda...
January 2017: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484868/treatment-patterns-of-children-with-spine-and-spinal-cord-tumors-national-outcomes-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Faris Shweikeh, Carolyn Quinsey, Roger Murayi, Ryan Randle, Miriam Nuño, Mark D Krieger, J Patrick Johnson
BACKGROUND: Tumors of the spine in children are rare, and further clinical description is necessary. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated epidemiology, interventions, and outcomes of pediatric patients with spine and spinal cord tumors. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample and Kids' Inpatient Database were used for the study. Outcomes were studied, and bivariate significant trends were analyzed in a multivariate setting. RESULTS: Analysis of 2870 patients between 2000 and 2009 found a median age of diagnosis of 11 years (Tables 1 and 2)...
May 8, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481643/the-kids-insight-into-dementia-survey-kids-development-and-preliminary-psychometric-properties
#20
Jess R Baker, Lee-Fay Low, Belinda Goodenough, Yun-Hee Jeon, Ruby S M Tsang, Christine Bryden, Karen Hutchinson
OBJECTIVES: Children may have a foundational role in efforts to raise community awareness about dementia. There is some qualitative work with children with a relative with dementia, but little work into the insights of children as general citizens without affected family. One issue is an absence of measurement tools; thus the study aimed to design and pilot a psychometrically sound self-report measure of dementia attitudes for children. METHOD: Using a multi-staged scale development process, stakeholder and expert input informed a 52-item Kids Insight into Dementia Survey (KIDS)...
May 8, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
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