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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665462/urinary-phthalate-metabolites-and-environmental-phenols-in-university-students-in-south-china
#1
Xue-Mei Zhang, Xiang-Ying Lou, Liu-Hong Wu, Cong Huang, Da Chen, Ying Guo
In China, university students have unique lifestyles compared with the rest of the youth population, as they are almost entirely isolated in campuses. The number of university students is large, and since students represent the future of human reproduction, exposure to environmental endocrine disruptors (EEDs) may have a large impact on society. In this study, levels of several EEDs, including phthalate metabolites, parabens, bisphenol A (BPA) and its analogues, triclosan (TCS), and benzophenone-3, were determined in 169 urine samples collected from university students in Guangzhou, South China...
April 14, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655877/endocrine-and-haemodynamic-changes-in-resistant-hypertension-and-blood-pressure-responses-to-spironolactone-or-amiloride-the-pathway-2-mechanisms-substudies
#2
Bryan Williams, Thomas M MacDonald, Steve V Morant, David J Webb, Peter Sever, Gordon T McInnes, Ian Ford, J Kennedy Cruickshank, Mark J Caulfield, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Isla S Mackenzie, Jackie Salsbury, Morris J Brown
BACKGROUND: In the PATHWAY-2 study of resistant hypertension, spironolactone reduced blood pressure substantially more than conventional antihypertensive drugs. We did three substudies to assess the mechanisms underlying this superiority and the pathogenesis of resistant hypertension. METHODS: PATHWAY-2 was a randomised, double-blind crossover trial done at 14 UK primary and secondary care sites in 314 patients with resistant hypertension. Patients were given 12 weeks of once daily treatment with each of placebo, spironolactone 25-50 mg, bisoprolol 5-10 mg, and doxazosin 4-8 mg and the change in home systolic blood pressure was assessed as the primary outcome...
April 11, 2018: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644951/vitamin-d-deficiency-and-insufficiency-among-us-adults-prevalence-predictors-and-clinical-implications
#3
Xuefeng Liu, Ana Baylin, Phillip D Levy
Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and insufficiency (VDI) are increasing at a global level, and they are associated with increased risk of various diseases. However, little information is available on the prevalence and predictors of VDD and VDI in a representative population of US adults. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) measurements were collected from 26 010 adults aged ≥18 years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001-2010. Using thresholds recommended by the Endocrine Society, VDD was defined as 25(OH)D<50 nmol/l and VDI as 50≤25(OH)D<75 nmol/l...
April 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626394/microbiome-and-health-ramifications-of-intelligent-deception
#4
George B Stefano, Rachel Fine, Richard M Kream
Ten thousand years ago, the foundation for agricultural development and animal domestication was laid. Neolithic founder crops were carbohydrate-laden cereal grasses that facilitated transformation of hunter-gather societies into ancient civilizations with realistic capabilities for population expansion. In the last 3-4 decades, however, debilitating medical consequences of a progressively narrowed high caloric diet incorporating processed carbohydrates, animal protein, saturated fat and cholesterol, are translated into a global epidemic of obesity linked to metabolic and endocrine disorders, which, in part, emerged from the enhancement of our longevity...
April 7, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601844/in-memorium-clara-m-szego-1916-2017
#5
Richard J Pietras
Dr. Clara M. Szego passed away recently at the age of 101. She was a pioneer in the study of steroid hormone action, particularly the role of estrogens in target tissues. She was first to report on steroid hormone binding with proteins in the circulation in 1946. This observation led to a Ciba Foundation Award of the Endocrine Society in 1953. Claire then followed the steroid hormone and reported on interactions with membrane-associated and nuclear proteins in target cells of the reproductive tract and breast...
March 27, 2018: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582520/pediatric-endocrine-society-survey-of-diabetes-practices-in-the-united-states-what-is-the-current-state
#6
Ines Guttmann-Bauman, Paul Thornton, Soumya Adhikari, Kent Reifschneider, Michael A Wood, Tyler Hamby, Karen Rubin
The Practice Management Committee (PMC) of the Pediatric Endocrine Society (PES) conducted a survey of its membership in February/March 2016 to assess the current state of pediatric diabetes care delivery across multiple practice types in the United States. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The PES distributed an anonymous electronic survey (Survey Monkey) via email to its membership and requested that only one survey be completed for each practice. RESULTS: Ninety-three unique entries from the US were entered into analysis...
March 26, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582168/underutilized-and-under-threat-environmental-policy-as-a-tool-to-address-diabetes-risk
#7
REVIEW
Sabina Shaikh, Jyotsna S Jagai, Colette Ashley, Shuhan Zhou, Robert M Sargis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diabetes is a burgeoning threat to public health in the USA. Importantly, the burden of diabetes is not equally borne across society with marked disparities based on geography, race/ethnicity, and income. The etiology of global and population-specific diabetes risk remains incompletely understood; however, evidence linking environmental toxicants acting as endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), such as particulate matter and arsenic, with diabetes suggests that environmental policies could play an important role in diabetes risk reduction...
March 26, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579362/barriers-to-the-recognition-of-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-on-fna-implications-relevant-to-the-new-american-thyroid-association-guidelines
#8
Kathryn S Dyhdalo, Deborah J Chute
BACKGROUND: The 2016 American Thyroid Association guidelines recommend multiple endocrine neoplasia testing and evaluation for pheochromocytoma before thyroidectomy after a thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNA) is positive for medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). In the current study, the authors examined the reasons why FNA was unable to definitively diagnose MTC preoperatively, with attention to morphologic patterns that can be misleading. METHODS: Cases of MTC diagnosed on thyroid surgical resection for which there was a prior FNA and slides available for review were included (28 cases)...
March 26, 2018: Cancer Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576599/new-diagnostic-criteria-of-adrenal-subclinical-cushing-s-syndrome-opinion-from-the-japan-endocrine-society
#9
Toshihiko Yanase, Yutaka Oki, Takuyuki Katabami, Michio Otsuki, Kazunori Kageyama, Tomoaki Tanaka, Hisaya Kawate, Makito Tanabe, Masaru Doi, Yuko Akehi, Takamasa Ichijo
New diagnostic criteria and the treatment policy for adrenal subclinical Cushing's syndrome (SCS) are proposed on behalf of the Japan Endocrine Society. The Japanese version has been published, and the essential contents are presented in this English-language version. The current diagnostic criteria for SCS have elicited two main problems: (i) the relatively low reliability of a low range of serum cortisol essential for the diagnosis by an overnight 1-mg dexamethasone suppression test (DST); (ii) different cutoff values for serum cortisol after a 1-mg DST compared with those of other countries...
March 23, 2018: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566135/european-heart-rhythm-association-ehra-position-paper-on-arrhythmia-management-and-device-therapies-in-endocrine-disorders-endorsed-by-asia-pacific-heart-rhythm-society-aphrs-and-latin-american-heart-rhythm-society-lahrs
#10
Bulent Gorenek, Giuseppe Boriani, Gheorge-Andrei Dan, Laurent Fauchier, Guilherme Fenelon, He Huang, Gulmira Kudaiberdieva, Gregory Y H Lip, Rajiv Mahajan, Tatjana Potpara, Juan David Ramirez, Marc A Vos, Francisco Marin
Endocrine disorders are associated with various tachyarrhythmias, including atrial fibrillation (AF), ventricular tachycardia (VT), ventricular fibrillation (VF), and bradyarrhythmias. Along with underlying arrhythmia substrate, electrolyte disturbances, glucose, and hormone levels, accompanying endocrine disorders contribute to development of arrhythmia. Arrhythmias may be life-threatening, facilitate cardiogenic shock development and increase mortality. The knowledge on the incidence of tachy- and bradyarrhythmias, clinical and prognostic significance as well as their management is limited; it is represented in observational studies and mostly in case reports on management of challenging cases...
March 16, 2018: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562364/testosterone-therapy-in-men-with-hypogonadism-an-endocrine-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#11
Shalender Bhasin, Juan P Brito, Glenn R Cunningham, Frances J Hayes, Howard N Hodis, Alvin M Matsumoto, Peter J Snyder, Ronald S Swerdloff, Frederick C Wu, Maria A Yialamas
Objective: To update the "Testosterone Therapy in Men With Androgen Deficiency Syndromes" guideline published in 2010. Participants: The participants include an Endocrine Society-appointed task force of 10 medical content experts and a clinical practice guideline methodologist. Evidence: This evidence-based guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach to describe the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557879/current-management-and-predictive-factors-of-lymph-node-metastasis-of-appendix-neuroendocrine-tumors-a-national-study-from-the-french-group-of-endocrine-tumors-gte
#12
Bérénice Rault-Petit, Christine Do Cao, Serge Guyétant, Rosine Guimbaud, Vincent Rohmer, Catherine Julié, Eric Baudin, Bernard Goichot, Romain Coriat, Antoine Tabarin, Jeanne Ramos, Pierre Goudet, Valérie Hervieu, Jean-Yves Scoazec, Thomas Walter
OBJECTIVE: The primary endpoint was to analyze the predictive factors of lymph node involvement (LN+). BACKGROUND: Indications for additional right hemicolectomy (RHC) with lymph node (LN) resection after appendectomy for appendix neuroendocrine tumor (A-NET) remain controversial, especially for tumors between 1 and 2 cm in size. METHODS: National study including all patients with nonmetastatic A-NET diagnosed after January, 2010 in France...
March 19, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550872/8th-biennial-congress-of-the-european-society-of-endocrine-surgeons
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 17, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550461/british-society-for-sexual-medicine-guidelines-on-the-management-of-erectile-dysfunction-in-men-2017
#14
REVIEW
Geoff Hackett, Mike Kirby, Kevan Wylie, Adrian Heald, Nick Ossei-Gerning, David Edwards, Asif Muneer
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the 2008 British Society for Sexual Medicine (BSSM) guidelines. AIM: To provide up-to-date guidance for U.K. (and international) health care professionals managing male sexual dysfunction. METHODS: Source information was obtained from peer-reviewed articles, meetings, and presentations. A search of Embase, MEDLINE, and Cochrane Reviews was performed, covering the search terms "hypogonadism," "eugonadal or hypogonadism or hypogonadal or gonadal," and "low or lower testosterone," starting from 2009 with a cut-off date of September 2017...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538673/recurrent-pregnancy-loss-evaluation-combined-with-24-chromosome-microarray-of-miscarriage-tissue-provides-a-probable-or-definite-cause-of-pregnancy-loss-in-over-90-of-patients
#15
F Popescu, C R Jaslow, W H Kutteh
STUDY QUESTION: Will the addition of 24-chromosome microarray analysis on miscarriage tissue combined with the standard American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) evaluation for recurrent miscarriage explain most losses? SUMMARY ANSWER: Over 90% of patients with recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) will have a probable or definitive cause identified when combining genetic testing on miscarriage tissue with the standard ASRM evaluation for recurrent miscarriage...
March 12, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528872/case-detection-in-primary-aldosteronism-high-diagnostic-value-of-the-aldosterone-to-renin-ratio-when-performed-under-standardized-conditions
#16
Wessel M C M Vorselaars, Gerlof D Valk, Menno R Vriens, Jan Westerink, Wilko Spiering
OBJECTIVE: The aldosterone-to-renin ratio is widely used and is the recommended screening modality for primary aldosteronism by the Endocrine Society Guideline. However, studies on its diagnostic accuracy have been inconsistent, which is mainly because of methodological limitations. We set out to evaluate this diagnostic value by using a highly standardized study protocol, which is in line with the Endocrine Society Guideline recommendations regarding indications for screening, testing conditions and reference standards in daily clinical practice...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527855/thyroid-disease-in-pregnancy-a-clinical-survey-among-endocrinologists-gynecologists-and-obstetricians-in-israel
#17
Ronit Koren, Yifat Wiener, Karen Or, Carlos A Benbassat, Shlomit Koren
OBJECTIVES: To study the current practices in the management of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and thyroid nodules during pregnancy of obstetricians/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) and endocrinologists in Israel. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire was sent by email to all members of the Israeli Endocrine Society and the Israel Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Questionnaires included demographic data and clinical scenarios with questions regarding the screening and management of pregnant women with SCH, hypothyroxinemia, and a palpable thyroid nodule...
March 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522147/evaluation-and-treatment-of-hirsutism-in-premenopausal-women-an-endocrine-society-clinical-practice-guideline
#18
Kathryn A Martin, R Rox Anderson, R Jeffrey Chang, David A Ehrmann, Rogerio A Lobo, M Hassan Murad, Michel M Pugeat, Robert L Rosenfield
Objective: To update the "Evaluation and Treatment of Hirsutism in Premenopausal Women: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline," published by the Endocrine Society in 2008. Participants: The participants include an Endocrine Society-appointed task force of seven medical experts and a methodologist. Evidence: This evidence-based guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation system to describe the strength of recommendations and the quality of evidence...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518206/the-science-of-obesity-management-an-endocrine-society-scientific-statement
#19
George A Bray, William E Heisel, Ashkan Afshin, Michael D Jensen, William H Dietz, Michael Long, Robert F Kushner, Stephen R Daniels, Thomas A Wadden, Adam G Tsai, Frank B Hu, John M Jakicic, Donna H Ryan, Bruce M Wolfe, Thomas H Inge
The prevalence of obesity, measured by body mass index, has risen to unacceptable levels in both men and women in the United States and worldwide with resultant hazardous health implications. Genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors influence the development of obesity, and both the general public and health professionals stigmatize those who suffer from the disease. Obesity is associated with and contributes to a shortened life span, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnea, gout, osteoarthritis, and hepatobiliary disease, among others...
March 6, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513247/acceptance-of-disease-and-the-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-enteric-stoma
#20
Katarzyna Szpilewska, Jan Juzwiszyn, Zofia Bolanowska, Zofia Bolanowska, Magdalena Milan, Mariusz Chabowski, Dariusz Janczak
INTRODUCTION: The main reason of the emergence of enteric stoma is colorectal cancer. Enteric stoma is a serious health, as well as life problem. In Poland, there are about 6,000 stoma surgeries yearly. It changes the functioning of patients, restricts their daily activity and influences their quality of life significantly. Therefore, in the modern treatment process, all spheres of human life and its surroundings are considered. The evaluation of the quality of life and the level of acceptance of the disease enables us to identify the regions in which patients require attention and help, as well as places to which health promotion among patients with a stoma should be directed...
February 28, 2018: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
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