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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100820/support-for-the-reproductive-ground-plan-hypothesis-in-a-solitary-bee-links-between-sucrose-response-and-reproductive-status
#1
Karen M Kapheim, Makenna M Johnson
In social bees, foraging behaviour is correlated with reproductive status and sucrose sensitivity via endocrine pathways. This association led to the hypothesis that division of labour in social insect societies is derived from an ancestral ground plan that functions to synchronize dietary preferences with reproductive needs in solitary insects. However, the relationship between these traits is unknown for solitary bees, which represent the ancestral state of social bees. We used the proboscis extension response assay to measure sucrose response among reproductive females of the solitary alkali bee (Nomia melanderi) as a function of acute juvenile hormone (JH) treatments and reproductive physiology...
January 25, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069628/cushing-s-syndrome-a-practical-approach-to-diagnosis-and-differential-diagnoses
#2
Joseph M Pappachan, Christian Hariman, Mahamood Edavalath, Julian Waldron, Fahmy W Hanna
Diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome (CS) and identification of the aetiology of hypercortisolism can be challenging. The Endocrine Society clinical practice guidelines recommends one of the four tests for initial screening of CS, namely, urinary-free cortisol, late night salivary cortisol, overnight dexamethasone suppression test or a longer low-dose dexamethasone suppression test, for 48 hours. Confirmation and localisation of CS requires additional biochemical and radiological tests. Radiological evaluation involves different imaging modalities including MRI with or without different radio-nuclear imaging techniques...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053622/role-of-ovarian-function-suppression-in-premenopausal-women-with-early-breast-cancer
#3
REVIEW
Woo-Chan Park
Historically, endocrine therapy for breast cancer began with ovarian ablation (OA) for the treatment of premenopausal patients. After the identification of estrogen receptors and the development of many antiestrogens, tamoxifen has been approved and used as the standard endocrine therapy for hormonal receptor (HR)-positive premenopausal patients to date. With the development of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists, the paradigm of endocrine therapy for premenopausal women with HR-positive breast cancer began to change from OA to ovarian function suppression (OFS)...
December 2016: Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043088/fulvestrant-for-hormone-sensitive-metastatic-breast-cancer
#4
REVIEW
Clara I Lee, Annabel Goodwin, Nicholas Wilcken
BACKGROUND: Fulvestrant is a selective oestrogen receptor down-regulator (SERD), which by blocking proliferation of breast cancer cells, is an effective endocrine treatment for women with hormone-sensitive advanced breast cancer. The goal of such systemic therapy in this setting is to reduce symptoms, improve quality of life, and increase survival time. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of fulvestrant for hormone-sensitive locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer in postmenopausal women, as compared to other standard endocrine agents...
January 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029029/obesity-and-hyperglycemia-in-korean-men-with-klinefelter-syndrome-the-korean-endocrine-society-registry
#5
Seung Jin Han, Kyung Soo Kim, Wonjin Kim, Jung Hee Kim, Yong Ho Lee, Ji Sun Nam, Ji A Seo, Bu Kyung Kim, Jihyun Lee, Jin Ook Chung, Min Hee Kim, Tae Seo Sohn, Han Seok Choi, Seong Bin Hong, Yoon Sok Chung
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of obesity in Korean men with Klinefelter syndrome (KS) and the associated risk factors for obesity and hyperglycemia. METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively from medical records from 11 university hospitals in Korea between 1994 and 2014. Subjects aged ≥18 years with newly diagnosed KS were enrolled. The following parameters were recorded at baseline before treatment: chief complaint, height, weight, fasting glucose level, lipid panel, blood pressure, testosterone, luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, karyotyping patterns, and history of hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia...
December 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029022/how-to-begin-molecular-research-of-metabolic-diseases
#6
REVIEW
Bo Kyung Yoon, Jae Woo Kim
Advancing higher education is an important goal within the scientific and medical communities. The Korean Endocrine Society has worked with medical researchers who hope to conduct molecular research in addition to their clinical education. Based on concepts developed at a 2016 educational workshop, this article summarizes the requirement for a strong foundation in the performance of molecular research. Specifically, recent articles in metabolic research are highlighted to provide examples of commonly used techniques in this field of study...
December 2016: Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024968/assessing-the-variability-in-insurance-coverage-transparency-for-male-sexual-health-conditions-in-the-united-states
#7
Brian V Le, Sarah McAchran, David Paolone, Daniel R Gralneck, Daniel Williams, Wade Bushman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the degree of transparency of health insurer policies regarding coverage of male sexual health conditions, we examined the publicly available policy coverage documents of the largest US medical insurance plans. METHODS: We selected two index patients across the male sexual health spectrum: (1) a PDE5 refractory erectile dysfunction patient requiring intracavernosal injection therapy or penile prosthesis, (2) a 50 yo male patient with laboratory-confirmed, symptomatic hypogonadism requiring testosterone replacement therapy as defined by endocrine society criteria...
December 23, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018978/clinical-practice-guideline-for-management-of-primary-aldosteronism-what-is-new-in-the-2016-update
#8
Damian G Romero, Licy L Yanes Cardozo
Primary Aldosteronism is the single most common cause of secondary hypertension and is associated with increased target organ injury. The Endocrine Society has recently released the updated Clinical Practice Guideline for Primary Aldosteronism entitled "The Management of Primary Aldosteronism: Case Detection, Diagnosis, and Treatment: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline". We review the updated Clinical Practice Guideline, highlighting the new recommendations and the implications that they may have in clinical practice...
2016: Int J Endocrinol Metab Disord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007789/reproductive-hormones-of-icsi-conceived-young-adult-men-the-first-results
#9
Florence Belva, Mathieu Roelants, Jean De Schepper, André Van Steirteghem, Herman Tournaye, Maryse Bonduelle
STUDY QUESTION: Are reproductive hormone levels (FSH, LH, inhibin B and testosterone) in male offspring conceived by ICSI because of male infertility comparable with those from peers born after spontaneous conception? SUMMARY ANSWER: In this cohort of 54 young men conceived by ICSI because of male-factor infertility, mean and median reproductive hormone levels were found to be comparable with results from spontaneously conceived peers, but ICSI-conceived men were more likely to have low inhibin B (<10th percentile) and high FSH (>90th percentile) levels...
December 21, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004606/abstracts-for-acta-clinica-belgica-26th-meeting-of-the-belgian-endocrine-society
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004605/abstracts-for-acta-clinica-belgica-25th-meeting-of-the-belgian-endocrine-society
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003569/assessment-criteria-for-vitamin-d-deficiency-insufficiency-in-japan-proposal-by-an-expert-panel-supported-by-research-program-of-intractable-diseases-ministry-of-health-labour-and-welfare-japan-the-japanese-society-for-bone-and-mineral-research-and-the-japan
#12
Ryo Okazaki, Keiichi Ozono, Seiji Fukumoto, Daisuke Inoue, Mika Yamauchi, Masanori Minagawa, Toshimi Michigami, Yasuhiro Takeuchi, Toshio Matsumoto, Toshitsugu Sugimoto
Vitamin D is indispensable for the maintenance of bone and mineral health. Inadequate vitamin D action increases the risk for various musculoskeletal/mineral events including fracture, fall, secondary hyperparathyroidism, diminished response to antiresorptives, rickets/osteomalacia, and hypocalcemia. Its most common cause in recent years is vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency, clinically defined by low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level. Guidelines for vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency defined by serum 25(OH)D concentrations have been published all over the world...
December 20, 2016: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001017/improvement-of-bone-turnover-markers-and-bone-mineral-density-following-treatment-of-primary-aldosteronism
#13
Huai H Loh, Nor A Kamaruddin, Rozman Zakaria, Norlela Sukor
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed association between hyperaldosteronism and low bone density among patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) due to secondary hyperparathyroidism. Our objective is to assess bone turnover markers (BTM) and bone mineral density (BMD) of PA patients compared to essential hypertension. METHODS: This was an open-label, prospective, case-controlled study, conducted over 12 months. Fifty-two consecutive patients referred for secondary hypertension were screened...
December 20, 2016: Minerva Endocrinologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981511/the-emergence-of-levothyroxine-as-a-treatment-for-hypothyroidism
#14
REVIEW
James V Hennessey
OBJECTIVE: To describe the historical refinements, understanding of physiology and clinical outcomes observed with thyroid hormone replacement strategies. METHODS: A Medline search was initiated using the search terms, levothyroxine, thyroid hormone history, levothyroxine mono therapy, thyroid hormone replacement, combination LT4 therapy, levothyroxine Bioequivalence. Pertinent articles of interest were identified by title and where available abstract for further review...
January 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935817/society-for-endocrinology-endocrine-emergency-guidance-emergency-management-of-pituitary-apoplexy-in-adult-patients
#15
Stephanie E Baldeweg, Mark Vanderpump, Will Drake, Narendra Reddy, Andrew Markey, Gordon T Plant, Michael Powell, Saurabh Sinha, John Wass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935816/society-for-endocrinology-endocrine-emergency-guidance-emergency-management-of-acute-hypercalcaemia-in-adult-patients
#16
Jennifer Walsh, Neil Gittoes, Peter Selby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935815/society-for-endocrinology-endocrine-emergency-guidance-emergency-management-of-acute-hypocalcaemia-in-adult-patients
#17
Jeremy Turner, Neil Gittoes, Peter Selby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935814/society-for-endocrinology-endocrine-emergency-guidance-emergency-management-of-severe-symptomatic-hyponatraemia-in-adult-patients
#18
Stephen Ball, Julian Barth, Miles Levy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935813/society-for-endocrinology-endocrine-emergency-guidance-emergency-management-of-acute-adrenal-insufficiency-adrenal-crisis-in-adult-patients
#19
Wiebke Arlt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935812/society-for-endocrinology-endocrine-emergency-guidance
#20
EDITORIAL
Marie Freel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Endocrine Connections
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