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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338921/the-relationship-between-objectively-measured-walking-and-risk-of-pedestrian-motor-vehicle-collision
#1
D Alex Quistberg, Eric J Howard, Philip M Hurvitz, Anne V Moudon, Beth E Ebel, Frederick P Rivara, Brian E Saelens
Safe urban walking environments may improve health by encouraging physical activity, but the relationship between an individual's location and walking pattern and the risk of pedestrian-motor vehicle collision is unknown. We examined associations between individuals' walking bouts and walking risk, measured as mean exposure to the risk of pedestrian-vehicle collision. Walking bouts were ascertained through integrated accelerometry and global positioning system data and from individual travel-diary data obtained from adults in the Travel Assessment and Community Study (King County, Washington) in 2008-2009...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326355/high-prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-2-17%C3%A2-year-olds-presenting-with-acute-fractures-in-southern-australia
#2
Dae Hwan Kwon, David Krieser, Chris Harris, Abhay Khot, Peter R Ebeling, Christine P Rodda
AIM: To determine vitamin D deficiency risk and other lifestyle factors in children aged 2-17 years presenting with an acute fracture to Sunshine Hospital. METHODS: A prospective observational study was undertaken using a convenience sample data collected from children aged 2-17 years of age presenting with an acute fracture. Recruitment was undertaken over a 3-month period from February to May 2014. Risk factors for vitamin D deficiency (skin pigmentation, hours spent outdoors, sunscreen use and obesity) were identified...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295495/variation-in-passing-standards-for-graduation-level-knowledge-items-at-uk-medical-schools
#3
Celia A Taylor, Mark Gurnell, Colin R Melville, David C Kluth, Neil Johnson, Val Wass
OBJECTIVES: Given the absence of a common passing standard for students at UK medical schools, this paper compares independently set standards for common 'one from five' single-best-answer (multiple-choice) items used in graduation-level applied knowledge examinations and explores potential reasons for any differences. METHODS: A repeated cross-sectional study was conducted. Participating schools were sent a common set of graduation-level items (55 in 2013-2014; 60 in 2014-2015)...
March 13, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257439/diminished-liver-microperfusion-in-fontan-patients-a-biexponential-dwi-study
#4
Hildebrand Dijkstra, Djoeke Wolff, Joost P van Melle, Beatrijs Bartelds, Tineke P Willems, Matthijs Oudkerk, Hans Hillege, Aad P van den Berg, Tjark Ebels, Rolf M F Berger, Paul E Sijens
It has been demonstrated that hepatic apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) are decreasing in patients with a Fontan circulation. It remains however unclear whether this is a true decrease of molecular diffusion, or rather reflects decreased microperfusion due to decreased portal blood flow. The purpose of this study was therefore to differentiate diffusion and microperfusion using intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) modeled diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for different liver segments in patients with a Fontan circulation, compare to a control group, and relate with liver function, chronic hepatic congestion and hepatic disease...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230640/disparities-in-waitlist-and-posttransplantation-outcomes-in-liver-transplant-registrants-and-recipients-18-24-years-old-analysis-of-the-unos-database
#5
Noelle H Ebel, Evelyn K Hsu, Kristin Berry, Simon P Horslen, George N Ioannou
BACKGROUND: We evaluated liver transplantation waitlist and posttransplantation outcomes in 18-24 year olds compared to both younger (0-17 year old) and older (25-34 year old) registrants and recipients. METHODS: Utilizing national data from the United Network for Organ Sharing, competing risk, Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed on first-time liver transplant registrants (n=13,979) and recipients (n=8,718) ages 0-34 years old between 2002 to 2015...
February 22, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155056/nutrient-status-9%C3%A2-years-after-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch-bpd-ds-an-observational-study
#6
Gladys Witt Strain, Mehyar Hefazi Torghabeh, Michel Gagner, Faith Ebel, Gregory F Dakin, Daniel Connolly, Elizabeth Goldenberg, Alfons Pomp
BACKGROUND: Since biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS) produces hypoabsorption, evaluation of long-term nutrient changes is appropriate. METHODS: Measurements of micronutrients, trace elements, PTH, iron studies, and protein were completed for consented patients at baseline prior to surgery and at yearly intervals. The patients were advised and supplements were adjusted by blood studies with compliance checks. Independent t tests and ANOVAs compared changes between cross-sectional cohorts based on follow-up time from surgery...
February 2, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146470/rare-and-low-frequency-coding-variants-alter-human-adult-height
#7
Eirini Marouli, Mariaelisa Graff, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Ken Sin Lo, Andrew R Wood, Troels R Kjaer, Rebecca S Fine, Yingchang Lu, Claudia Schurmann, Heather M Highland, Sina Rüeger, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Anne E Justice, David Lamparter, Kathleen E Stirrups, Valérie Turcot, Kristin L Young, Thomas W Winkler, Tõnu Esko, Tugce Karaderi, Adam E Locke, Nicholas G D Masca, Maggie C Y Ng, Poorva Mudgal, Manuel A Rivas, Sailaja Vedantam, Anubha Mahajan, Xiuqing Guo, Goncalo Abecasis, Katja K Aben, Linda S Adair, Dewan S Alam, Eva Albrecht, Kristine H Allin, Matthew Allison, Philippe Amouyel, Emil V Appel, Dominique Arveiler, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul L Auer, Beverley Balkau, Bernhard Banas, Lia E Bang, Marianne Benn, Sven Bergmann, Lawrence F Bielak, Matthias Blüher, Heiner Boeing, Eric Boerwinkle, Carsten A Böger, Lori L Bonnycastle, Jette Bork-Jensen, Michiel L Bots, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Ivan Brandslund, Gerome Breen, Murray H Brilliant, Linda Broer, Amber A Burt, Adam S Butterworth, David J Carey, Mark J Caulfield, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Rajiv Chowdhury, Cramer Christensen, Audrey Y Chu, Massimiliano Cocca, Francis S Collins, James P Cook, Janie Corley, Jordi Corominas Galbany, Amanda J Cox, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, John Danesh, Gail Davies, Paul I W de Bakker, Gert J de Borst, Simon de Denus, Mark C H de Groot, Renée de Mutsert, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Ellen W Demerath, Anneke I den Hollander, Joe G Dennis, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Fotios Drenos, Mengmeng Du, Alison M Dunning, Douglas F Easton, Tapani Ebeling, Todd L Edwards, Patrick T Ellinor, Paul Elliott, Evangelos Evangelou, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Jessica D Faul, Mary F Feitosa, Shuang Feng, Ele Ferrannini, Marco M Ferrario, Jean Ferrieres, Jose C Florez, Ian Ford, Myriam Fornage, Paul W Franks, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Tessel E Galesloot, Wei Gan, Ilaria Gandin, Paolo Gasparini, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Ayush Giri, Giorgia Girotto, Scott D Gordon, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Mathias Gorski, Niels Grarup, Megan L Grove, Vilmundur Gudnason, Stefan Gustafsson, Torben Hansen, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Tamara B Harris, Andrew T Hattersley, Caroline Hayward, Liang He, Iris M Heid, Kauko Heikkilä, Øyvind Helgeland, Jussi Hernesniemi, Alex W Hewitt, Lynne J Hocking, Mette Hollensted, Oddgeir L Holmen, G Kees Hovingh, Joanna M M Howson, Carel B Hoyng, Paul L Huang, Kristian Hveem, M Arfan Ikram, Erik Ingelsson, Anne U Jackson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Gail P Jarvik, Gorm B Jensen, Min A Jhun, Yucheng Jia, Xuejuan Jiang, Stefan Johansson, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, Pekka Jousilahti, J Wouter Jukema, Bratati Kahali, René S Kahn, Mika Kähönen, Pia R Kamstrup, Stavroula Kanoni, Jaakko Kaprio, Maria Karaleftheri, Sharon L R Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Frank Kee, Renske Keeman, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Hidetoshi Kitajima, Kirsten B Kluivers, Thomas Kocher, Pirjo Komulainen, Jukka Kontto, Jaspal S Kooner, Charles Kooperberg, Peter Kovacs, Jennifer Kriebel, Helena Kuivaniemi, Sébastien Küry, Johanna Kuusisto, Martina La Bianca, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, Ethan M Lange, Leslie A Lange, Carl D Langefeld, Claudia Langenberg, Eric B Larson, I-Te Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Cora E Lewis, Huaixing Li, Jin Li, Ruifang Li-Gao, Honghuang Lin, Li-An Lin, Xu Lin, Lars Lind, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Yeheng Liu, Yongmei Liu, Artitaya Lophatananon, Jian'an Luan, Steven A Lubitz, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, David A Mackey, Pamela A F Madden, Alisa K Manning, Satu Männistö, Gaëlle Marenne, Jonathan Marten, Nicholas G Martin, Angela L Mazul, Karina Meidtner, Andres Metspalu, Paul Mitchell, Karen L Mohlke, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Anna Morgan, Andrew D Morris, Andrew P Morris, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Patricia B Munroe, Mike A Nalls, Matthias Nauck, Christopher P Nelson, Matt Neville, Sune F Nielsen, Kjell Nikus, Pål R Njølstad, Børge G Nordestgaard, Ioanna Ntalla, Jeffrey R O'Connel, Heikki Oksa, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Roel A Ophoff, Katharine R Owen, Chris J Packard, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Colin N A Palmer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Aniruddh P Patel, Alison Pattie, Oluf Pedersen, Peggy L Peissig, Gina M Peloso, Craig E Pennell, Markus Perola, James A Perry, John R B Perry, Thomas N Person, Ailith Pirie, Ozren Polasek, Danielle Posthuma, Olli T Raitakari, Asif Rasheed, Rainer Rauramaa, Dermot F Reilly, Alex P Reiner, Frida Renström, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Neil Robertson, Antonietta Robino, Olov Rolandsson, Igor Rudan, Katherine S Ruth, Danish Saleheen, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J Samani, Kevin Sandow, Yadav Sapkota, Naveed Sattar, Marjanka K Schmidt, Pamela J Schreiner, Matthias B Schulze, Robert A Scott, Marcelo P Segura-Lepe, Svati Shah, Xueling Sim, Suthesh Sivapalaratnam, Kerrin S Small, Albert Vernon Smith, Jennifer A Smith, Lorraine Southam, Timothy D Spector, Elizabeth K Speliotes, John M Starr, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Heather M Stringham, Michael Stumvoll, Praveen Surendran, Leen M 't Hart, Katherine E Tansey, Jean-Claude Tardif, Kent D Taylor, Alexander Teumer, Deborah J Thompson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Betina H Thuesen, Anke Tönjes, Gerard Tromp, Stella Trompet, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen, Jonathan P Tyrer, Rudolf Uher, André G Uitterlinden, Sheila Ulivi, Sander W van der Laan, Andries R Van Der Leij, Cornelia M van Duijn, Natasja M van Schoor, Jessica van Setten, Anette Varbo, Tibor V Varga, Rohit Varma, Digna R Velez Edwards, Sita H Vermeulen, Henrik Vestergaard, Veronique Vitart, Thomas F Vogt, Diego Vozzi, Mark Walker, Feijie Wang, Carol A Wang, Shuai Wang, Yiqin Wang, Nicholas J Wareham, Helen R Warren, Jennifer Wessel, Sara M Willems, James G Wilson, Daniel R Witte, Michael O Woods, Ying Wu, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Jie Yao, Pang Yao, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Robin Young, Eleftheria Zeggini, Xiaowei Zhan, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhao, He Zheng, Wei Zhou, Jerome I Rotter, Michael Boehnke, Sekar Kathiresan, Mark I McCarthy, Cristen J Willer, Kari Stefansson, Ingrid B Borecki, Dajiang J Liu, Kari E North, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Tune H Pers, Cecilia M Lindgren, Claus Oxvig, Zoltán Kutalik, Fernando Rivadeneira, Ruth J F Loos, Timothy M Frayling, Joel N Hirschhorn, Panos Deloukas, Guillaume Lettre
Height is a highly heritable, classic polygenic trait with approximately 700 common associated variants identified through genome-wide association studies so far. Here, we report 83 height-associated coding variants with lower minor-allele frequencies (in the range of 0.1-4.8%) and effects of up to 2 centimetres per allele (such as those in IHH, STC2, AR and CRISPLD2), greater than ten times the average effect of common variants. In functional follow-up studies, rare height-increasing alleles of STC2 (giving an increase of 1-2 centimetres per allele) compromised proteolytic inhibition of PAPP-A and increased cleavage of IGFBP-4 in vitro, resulting in higher bioavailability of insulin-like growth factors...
February 9, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146350/organocatalytic-imidazolium-ionic-liquids-h-d-exchange-catalysts
#8
Marcileia Zanatta, Francisco P Dos Santos, Cristina Biehl, Graciane Marin, Gunter Ebeling, Paulo A Netz, Jairton Dupont
Simple 1,2,3-trialkylimidazolium cation associated with basic anions, such as hydrogen carbonate, prolinate, and imidazolate, is an active catalyst for the H/D exchange reaction of various substrates using CDCl3 as D source, without the addition of any extra bases or metal. High deuterium incorporation (up to 49%) in acidic C-H bonds of ketone and alkyne substrates (pKa from 18.7 to 28.8) was found at room temperature. The reaction proceeds through the fast and reversible deuteration of the 2-methyl H of the imidazolium cation followed by D transfer to the substrate...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112768/dietary-quality-is-associated-with-abdominal-aortic-calcification-a-mean-of-18-year-longitudinal-study-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#9
X Shang, D Scott, A Hodge, B Khan, N Khan, D R English, G G Giles, P R Ebeling, K M Sanders
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association between baseline and changes in dietary quality assessed by the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010) and abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) among community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Population-based longitudinal study. SETTING: A subset of the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (MCCS). PARTICIPANTS: 262 community-dwelling adults (60% female) aged 53 ± 5 years at baseline...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064549/mother-to-child-transmission-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-among-hiv-infected-pregnant-women-on-highly-active-anti-retroviral-therapy-with-premature-rupture-of-membranes-at-term
#10
George Uchenna Eleje, Emeka Stephen Edokwe, Joseph Ifeanyichukwu Ikechebelu, Chinyere Ukamaka Onubogu, Ebele Francesca Ugochukwu, Princeston Chukwuemeka Okam, Adaobi Maryann Ibekwe
PURPOSE: To determine mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) rate and associated risk factors of human immune-deficiency virus (HIV) among HIV-infected pregnant women with term premature rupture of membranes (PROM) in comparison with those without PROM at term. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All optimally managed HIV-positive pregnant women of Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, on highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) who had PROM at term were enrolled. Maternal HIV-1 viral load was not assessed...
January 23, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997660/serologic-screening-for-genital-herpes-an-updated-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#11
REVIEW
Cynthia Feltner, Catherine Grodensky, Charles Ebel, Jennifer C Middleton, Russell P Harris, Mahima Ashok, Daniel E Jonas
Importance: Genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection is a prevalent sexually transmitted infection. Vertical transmission of HSV can lead to fetal morbidity and mortality. Objective: To assess the evidence on serologic screening and preventive interventions for genital HSV infection in asymptomatic adults and adolescents to support the US Preventive Services Task Force for an updated recommendation statement. Data Sources: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and trial registries through March 31, 2016...
December 20, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997198/in-vivo-drug-delivery-performance-of-lipiodol-based-emulsion-or-drug-eluting-beads-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#12
Elsa Lilienberg, Ilse R Dubbelboer, Amar Karalli, Rimma Axelsson, Torkel B Brismar, Charlotte Ebeling Barbier, Agneta Norén, Frans Duraj, Mikael Hedeland, Ulf Bondesson, Erik Sjögren, Per Stål, Rickard Nyman, Hans Lennernäs
Doxorubicin (DOX) delivered in a lipiodol-based emulsion (LIPDOX) or in drug-eluting beads (DEBDOX) is used as palliative treatment in patients with intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the in vivo delivery performance of DOX from LIPDOX or DEBDOX in HCC patients using the local and systemic pharmacokinetics of DOX and its main metabolite doxorubicinol (DOXol). Urinary excretion of DOX and DOXol and their short-term safety and antitumor effects were also evaluated...
January 5, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993579/does-the-gross-prosector-impact-pt3-subclassification-or-lymph-node-counts-in-bladder-cancer
#13
Eric M Tretter, Joshua J Ebel, Kamal S Pohar, Debra L Zynger
Gross prosector analysis of perivesicular adipose tumor invasion is the sole differentiator between pT3 substages, and gross evaluation is critical to lymph node identification. Gross prosector impact on pT3 subclassification and lymph node counts in cystectomy specimens resected for bladder cancer has not been previously analyzed. Both pT3 subclassification and total number of lymph nodes removed at radical cystectomy for bladder cancer are considered important components of the pathology report; however, both have controversial prognostic significance...
December 16, 2016: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928886/f376a-m388a-solulin-a-new-promising-antifibrinolytic-for-severe-haemophilia-a
#14
J Parcq, K U Petersen, A Borel-Derlon, P Gautier, M Ebel, D Vivien, Y Repessé
INTRODUCTION: Haemophilia is a major bleeding disorder due to a deficiency of procoagulant factor VIII (type A) or IX (type B). The treatment is substitutive and based on infusion of factor concentrates. Main limitations of this therapy are cost, short factor half-life and the development of inhibitors (up to 30% of severe HA patients). An important aggravating factor of haemophilia is due to a premature fibrinolysis, directing attention to the therapeutic potential of suitable antifibrinolytics...
March 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916865/associations-of-vitamin-d-with-inter-and-intra-muscular-adipose-tissue-and-insulin-resistance-in-women-with-and-without-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#15
David Scott, Anju Joham, Helena Teede, Melanie Gibson-Helm, Cheryce Harrison, Samantha Cassar, Samantha Hutchison, Peter R Ebeling, Nigel Stepto, Barbora de Courten
Low vitamin D and insulin resistance are common in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and associated with higher inter- and intra-muscular adipose tissue (IMAT). We investigated associations between vitamin D, IMAT and insulin resistance in a cross-sectional study of 40 women with PCOS and 30 women without PCOS, and pre- and post-exercise in a 12-week intervention in 16 overweight participants (10 with PCOS and six without PCOS). A non-classical body mass index (BMI) threshold was used to differentiate lean and overweight women (BMI ≥ 27 kg/m²)...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883324/hormone-therapy-reduces-bone-resorption-but-not-bone-formation-in-postmenopausal-athletes
#16
Suzy Y Honisett, David Pagliaro, Kathy Tangalakis, Bronwyn Kingwell, Peter Ebeling, Robyn Craven, Juliana Antonopillai, Vasso Apostolopoulos, Lily Stojanovska
INTRODUCTION: Independently, hormone therapy and exercise have well-established protective effects on bone parameters. The combined effects of hormone therapy and exercise, however, are less clear. We, therefore, examined the effects of hormone therapy on bone turnover markers in postmenopausal women undergoing regular high intensity exercise. METHODS: In a randomised, double blind study, postmenopausal athletes competing at Masters level, received either hormone therapy (50 μg transdermal oestradiol, 5 mg MPA, n = 8) or placebo (n = 7) for 20 weeks...
November 1, 2016: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863461/pooled-genome-wide-association-detects-association-upstream-of-fcrl3-with-graves-disease
#17
Jwu Jin Khong, Kathryn P Burdon, Yi Lu, Kate Laurie, Lefta Leonardos, Paul N Baird, Srujana Sahebjada, John P Walsh, Adam Gajdatsy, Peter R Ebeling, Peter Shane Hamblin, Rosemary Wong, Simon P Forehan, Spiros Fourlanos, Anthony P Roberts, Matthew Doogue, Dinesh Selva, Grant W Montgomery, Stuart Macgregor, Jamie E Craig
BACKGROUND: Graves' disease is an autoimmune thyroid disease of complex inheritance. Multiple genetic susceptibility loci are thought to be involved in Graves' disease and it is therefore likely that these can be identified by genome wide association studies. This study aimed to determine if a genome wide association study, using a pooling methodology, could detect genomic loci associated with Graves' disease. RESULTS: Nineteen of the top ranking single nucleotide polymorphisms including HLA-DQA1 and C6orf10, were clustered within the Major Histo-compatibility Complex region on chromosome 6p21, with rs1613056 reaching genome wide significance (p = 5 × 10(-8))...
November 18, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862146/maternal-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-is-inversely-correlated-with-foetal-serotonin
#18
Padma Murthi, Miranda Davies-Tuck, Martha Lappas, Harmeet Singh, Joanne Mockler, Rahana Rahman, Rebecca Lim, Bryan Leaw, James Doery, Euan M Wallace, Peter R Ebeling
OBJECTIVE: Maternal vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy has been linked to impaired neurocognitive development in childhood. The mechanism by which vitamin D affects childhood neurocognition is unclear but may be via interactions with serotonin, a neurotransmitter involved in foetal brain development. In this study, we aimed to explore associations between maternal and foetal vitamin D concentrations, and foetal serotonin concentrations at term. STUDY DESIGN AND MEASUREMENTS: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D, nmol/l) and serotonin (5-HT, nmol/l) concentrations were measured in maternal and umbilical cord blood from mother-infant pairs (n = 64)...
March 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826435/bambara-wheat-composite-flour-rheological-behavior-of-dough-and-functionality-in-bread
#19
Ochuko L Erukainure, Jane N C Okafor, Akinyele Ogunji, Happiness Ukazu, Ebele N Okafor, Ijeoma L Eboagwu
The rheological behavior and functional properties of doughs from bambara-wheat composite flour was investigated. Bambara-wheat composite flour was prepared by substituting wheat with 0%, 10%, 15%, and 20% of bambara flour. The rheological behavior of their dough was analyzed with Mixolab. Breads produced from the flour were analyzed for physical characteristics. Organoleptic analysis was carried out by 20 panelists. Mixolab analysis revealed, except for stability time, depreciating values for dough consistency (C1), protein weakening (C2), starch gelatinization (C3), amylase activity (C4), and retrogradation (C5) as the inclusion of bambara flour increased...
November 2016: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777981/extrapulmonary-aspergillus-infection-in-patients-with-card9-deficiency
#20
Nikolaus Rieber, Roel P Gazendam, Alexandra F Freeman, Amy P Hsu, Amanda L Collar, Janyce A Sugui, Rebecca A Drummond, Chokechai Rongkavilit, Kevin Hoffman, Carolyn Henderson, Lily Clark, Markus Mezger, Muthulekha Swamydas, Maik Engeholm, Rebecca Schüle, Bettina Neumayer, Frank Ebel, Constantinos M Mikelis, Stefania Pittaluga, Vinod K Prasad, Anurag Singh, Joshua D Milner, Kelli W Williams, Jean K Lim, Kyung J Kwon-Chung, Steven M Holland, Dominik Hartl, Taco W Kuijpers, Michail S Lionakis
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis is a life-threatening mycosis that only affects patients with immunosuppression, chemotherapy-induced neutropenia, transplantation, or congenital immunodeficiency. We studied the clinical, genetic, histological, and immunological features of 2 unrelated patients without known immunodeficiency who developed extrapulmonary invasive aspergillosis at the ages of 8 and 18. One patient died at age 12 with progressive intra-abdominal aspergillosis. The other patient had presented with intra-abdominal candidiasis at age 9, and developed central nervous system aspergillosis at age 18 and intra-abdominal aspergillosis at age 25...
October 20, 2016: JCI Insight
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