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Health and fitness

Rocío Carmona, Cristina Linares, Cristina Ortiz, Blanca Vázquez, Julio Díaz
BACKGROUND: Although the effects of noise on population morbidity and mortality have been observed both in the short and long term, the morbidity and mortality indicators used to date have not enabled information on such health effects to be accessed in real time. At an international level, there are relatively few studies, mostly recent, which have considered an alternative indicator, such as the demand for medical attention provided by emergency services, taking into account environmental factors other than noise...
October 19, 2016: Environmental Research
Katsiaryna Holl, Christophe Sauboin, Emanuele Amodio, Paolo Bonanni, Giovanni Gabutti
BACKGROUND: Varicella is a highly infectious disease with a significant public health and economic burden, which can be prevented with childhood routine varicella vaccination. Vaccination strategies differ by country. Some factors are known to play an important role (number of doses, coverage, dosing interval, efficacy and catch-up programmes), however, their relative impact on the reduction of varicella in the population remains unclear. This paper aims to help policy makers prioritise the critical factors to achieve the most successful vaccination programme with the available budget...
October 21, 2016: BMC Public Health
Cornelia Mahler, Sarah Berger, Katherine Pollard, Johannes Krisam, Sven Karstens, Joachim Szecsenyi, Katja Krug
The implementation of a bachelor degree in Interprofessional Health Care at the University of Heidelberg, Germany, has fostered the need to evaluate the impact of this innovative programme. The University of the West of England Interprofessional Questionnaire (UWE-IP) was developed for longitudinal evaluation of an interprofessional curriculum. The UWE-IP consists of 35 items in four scales: "Communication and Teamwork Scale," "Interprofessional Learning Scale," "Interprofessional Interaction Scale," and "Interprofessional Relationships Scale...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Marian L Neuhouser, Ashley Wilder Smith, Stephanie M George, James T Gibson, Kathy B Baumgartner, Richard Baumgartner, Catherine Duggan, Leslie Bernstein, Anne McTiernan, Rachel Ballard
PURPOSE: Use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is common among breast cancer patients, but less is known about whether CAM influences breast cancer survival. METHODS: Health Eating, Activity, and Lifestyle (HEAL) Study participants (n = 707) were diagnosed with stage I-IIIA breast cancer. Participants completed a 30-month post-diagnosis interview including questions on CAM use (natural products such as dietary and botanical supplements, alternative health practices, and alternative medical systems), weight, physical activity, and comorbidities...
October 21, 2016: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Corey H Basch, Jennifer Mongiovi, Alyssa Berdnik, Charles E Basch
Background: Use of multivitamin/multimineral (MVM) and other dietary supplements is common among American adults. The purpose of this study was to describe the source and content of the most widely viewed YouTube videos associated with MVM supplements. Methods: Videos were filtered by number of views and the source of the video upload was recorded. A comparison of video characteristics and differences in video content was conducted. Results: Cumulatively, the videos in this sample were viewed 25 573 055 times...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
Lidiane Raquel Verola Mataveli, Márcia Liane Buzzo, Luciana Juncioni de Arauz, Maria de Fátima Henriques Carvalho, Edna Emy Kumagai Arakaki, Richard Matsuzaki, Paulo Tiglea
This study is aimed at investigating a suitable method for rice sample preparation as well as validating and applying the method for monitoring the concentration of total arsenic, cadmium, and lead in rice by using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry (ICP-MS). Various rice sample preparation procedures were evaluated. The analytical method was validated by measuring several parameters including limit of detection (LOD), limit of quantification (LOQ), linearity, relative bias, and repeatability. Regarding the sample preparation, recoveries of spiked samples were within the acceptable range from 89...
2016: Journal of Analytical Methods in Chemistry
Ben Schram, Wayne Hing, Mike Climstein
BACKGROUND: Stand up paddle boarding (SUP) is a rapidly growing sport and recreational activity where anecdotal evidence exists for its proposed health, fitness and injury rehabilitation benefits. While limited scientific evidence exists to substantiate these claims, previous studies have shown that high levels of fitness, strength and balance exists amongst participants of this sport. The purpose of this study was to conduct a training intervention on a group of previously untrained individuals to ascertain the potential of SUP on various health parameters...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
Jafra D Thomas, J Mark Vanness, Bradley J Cardinal
The purpose of this study was to perform a construct validity assessment of Kendzierski's exercise self-schema theory questionnaire using objective measures of health-related physical fitness. This study tested the hypothesis that individuals with an exercise self-schema would possess significantly greater physical fitness than those who did not across three domains of health-related physical fitness: Body composition, cardiovascular fitness, and upper-body muscular endurance. Undergraduate student participants from one private university on the west coast of the United States completed informed consent forms and the exercise self-schema questionnaire within a classroom setting or at an on-campus outside tabling session...
2016: International Journal of Exercise Science
Barna Konkolÿ Thege, Elke Ham, Laura C Ball
Recovery is understood as living a life with hope, purpose, autonomy, productivity, and community engagement despite a mental illness. The aim of this study was to provide further information on the psychometric properties of the Person-in-Recovery and Provider versions of the Revised Recovery Self-Assessment (RSA-R), a widely used measure of recovery orientation. Data from 654 individuals were analyzed, 519 of whom were treatment providers (63.6% female), while 135 were inpatients (10.4% female) of a Canadian tertiary-level psychiatric hospital...
October 20, 2016: Evaluation & the Health Professions
Shu-Min Chan, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk, Angela Chia-Chen Chen
BACKGROUND: Taiwanese adolescents' unhealthy lifestyles (e.g., unhealthy eating and sedentary behavior) are associated with excess weight and obesity, which affect their physical and mental health (e.g., depression). Because adolescents' beliefs about healthy lifestyles predict their actual lifestyles, a valid and reliable tool to measure their beliefs about healthy lifestyles is needed. METHODS: The Healthy Lifestyle Behavior Scale (HLBS) was translated into Chinese based on recommended guidelines...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
Janet D Morrison, Lori Mayer
PURPOSE: To identify and synthesize the research evidence concerning (1) the relationship between physical activity and cognitive performance in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) and (2) to review the reported effects of physical activity interventions on neurocognitive performance conducted in this population. METHODS: Relevant peer-reviewed journal articles were identified by searching PubMed, PsychINFO, and SPORTDiscus through May 2016. Full-text articles meeting the inclusion criteria were evaluated for quality using tools developed by the National Institutes of Health...
October 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Liang Chen, Jian Kuang, Jian-Hao Pei, Hong-Mei Chen, Zhong Chen, Zhong-Wen Li, Hua-Zhang Yang, Xiao-Ying Fu, Long Wang, Zhi-Jiang Chen, Shui-Qing Lai, Shu-Ting Zhang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to explore factors affecting cardiorespiratory fitness in males and females with different body mass index. METHODS: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2004 data were used for this retrospective study. Estimated maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) is surrogate for cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Univariate and multivariate linear regression analyses were performed to explore whether study variables were associated with estimated VO2max stratified by gender and BMI categories...
October 21, 2016: Annals of Medicine
Sook-Yee Chong, Oliver Röhrle
A satisfactorily fitted socket interacts dynamically with the stump in order to support body weight, transmit load effectively, enhance dynamic stability, and enable the control and stabilization of the residual limb. The internal dynamics occurring within a socket is important in determining optimal fit. Many measurement and imaging techniques, such as X-rays, have been utilized to investigate the movement of the residual femur within the stump during gait. However, due to associated health risks and costs, none of the current techniques have been extended to clinical prosthetics...
2016: PloS One
Erin A Bampton, Steven T Johnson, Jeff K Vallance
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of resistance training among older adults in Alberta, Canada, has never been measured. Hence, there is no clear understanding of the demographic and health-related factors associated with resistance training, or older adults' resistance training programming preferences. The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of resistance training behaviours among older adults in Alberta. METHODS: Older adults (>55 years) from across Alberta were invited to participate in this study...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Jessica E Middlemiss, Carmel M McEniery
Obesity is an ongoing global epidemic and has adverse consequences for cardiovascular health. Obesity is often associated with hypertension, which is, itself, a common condition and an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although animal models of obesity have provided extensive data on the links between obesity and hypertension, a greater understanding of the pathways linking obesity and hypertension in humans is likely to assist translation of animal data, and may, itself, identify important treatment strategies...
October 20, 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Fiona H McKay, Christina Cheng, Annemarie Wright, Jane Shill, Hugh Stephens, Mary Uccellini
INTRODUCTION: Increasing smartphones access has allowed for increasing development and use of smart phone applications (apps). Mobile health interventions have previously relied on voice or text-based short message services (SMS), however, the increasing availability and ease of use of apps has allowed for significant growth of smartphone apps that can be used for health behaviour change. This review considers the current body of knowledge relating to the evaluation of apps for health behaviour change...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Young Sun Kim, T Greg Rhee, Hee Yun Lee, Byung Hyun Park, Monica L Sharratt
BACKGROUND: Existing literature suggests that mental health literacy is positively associated with mental health services utilization. Despite an aging population that faces significant mental health concerns in Korea, the role of mental health literacy on mental health services utilization is not known among older adults in Korea. This study aimed to (1) identify whether mental health literacy mediates the association between population characteristics and mental health services utilization and (2) identify an optimal path model for mental health services utilization among Korean older adults...
October 20, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
Denis Valle, Justin Millar, Punam Amratia
BACKGROUND: Considerable debate has arisen regarding the appropriateness of the test and treat malaria policy broadly recommended by the World Health Organization. While presumptive treatment has important drawbacks, the effectiveness of the test and treat policy can vary considerably across regions, depending on several factors such as baseline malaria prevalence and rapid diagnostic test (RDT) performance. METHODS: To compare presumptive treatment with test and treat, generalized linear mixed effects models were fitted to data from 6510 children under five years of age from Burkina Faso's 2010 Demographic and Health Survey...
October 19, 2016: Malaria Journal
H Felix Fischer, Matthias Rose
BACKGROUND: Recently, a growing number of Item-Response Theory (IRT) models has been published, which allow estimation of a common latent variable from data derived by different Patient Reported Outcomes (PROs). When using data from different PROs, direct estimation of the latent variable has some advantages over the use of sum score conversion tables. It requires substantial proficiency in the field of psychometrics to fit such models using contemporary IRT software. We developed a web application ( http://www...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
Anna G Mirer, Terry Young, Mari Palta, Ruth M Benca, Amanda Rasmuson, Paul E Peppard
OBJECTIVE: Menopause is widely believed to be an established cause of sleep disorders, but evidence for this theory is inconclusive. Attributing any sleep problem to normal processes of menopause may lead to underdiagnosis of treatable sleep disorders in midlife women. This study uses detailed longitudinal data on sleep and menopausal health from participants in the Sleep in Midlife Women Study to investigate whether risk and severity of sleep-disordered breathing increase with progression through menopause, accounting for changes in age and body habitus...
October 10, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
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