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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913690/self-reported-visual-impairment-physical-activity-and-all-cause-mortality-the-hunt-study
#1
Audun Brunes, W Dana Flanders, Liv Berit Augestad
AIMS: To examine the associations of self-reported visual impairment and physical activity (PA) with all-cause mortality. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 65,236 Norwegians aged ⩾20 years who had participated in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT2, 1995-1997). Of these participants, 11,074 (17.0%) had self-reported visual impairment (SRVI). The participants' data were linked to Norway's Cause of Death Registry and followed throughout 2012. Hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were assessed using Cox regression analyses with age as the time-scale...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912941/effects-of-dance-interventions-on-cardiovascular-risk-with-ageing-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Juliano Boufleur Farinha, Mauricio Krause, Álvaro Reischak-Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Exercising, including dancing, has been recommended to improve cardiovascular health of older people. Herein, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis verifying the effects of dance interventions on cardiovascular risk (CVR) in the elderly, comparing dancers to non-exercise controls and other types of exercise, in randomised (RCTs) and non-randomised control trials (nRCTs). Primary/Secondary outcomes: peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak)/anthropometric measurements (body weight, BMI), and lipid profile...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912773/china-s-health-assistance-to-africa-opportunism-or-altruism
#3
REVIEW
Shuang Lin, Liangmin Gao, Melissa Reyes, Feng Cheng, Joan Kaufman, Wafaa M El-Sadr
China has made substantial health commitments to Africa in the past several decades. However, while much has been written regarding China-Africa aid overall, relatively little attention has been given to China's health aid. To better understand these investments, we provide an overview of the current framework and characteristics of China's health aid to Africa. China's health assistance has been perceived by some as opportunistic, largely as a demonstration of China's engagement in "soft power" and an attempt to enhance its access to natural resources and political favors by African countries...
December 3, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912766/non-random-distribution-of-child-undernutrition-in-ethiopia-spatial-analysis-from-the-2011-ethiopia-demographic-and-health-survey
#4
Zewdie Aderaw Alemu, Ahmed Ali Ahmed, Alemayehu Worku Yalew, Belay Simanie Birhanu
BACKGROUND: Child undernutrition showed geographical inequalities due to variations in contextual determinants from area to area which indicates that location is an important factor in child undernutrition. However, there are limited studies on spatial epidemiology of child undernutrition in Ethiopia. This study was aimed to identify the SaTScan spatial clusters of child undernutrition in Ethiopia. METHODS: Nutritional indices of children (0-59 months) with Global Positioning System (GPS) location data were accessed from the 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) after getting permission from the MEASURES Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) Program...
December 3, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912741/impact-of-a-school-based-intervention-on-nutritional-education-and-physical-activity-in-primary-public-schools-in-chile-kind-programme-study-protocol-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Nelly Bustos, Sonia Olivares, Bárbara Leyton, Marcelo Cano, Cecilia Albala
BACKGROUND: Chile has suffered a fast increase in childhood obesity in the last 10 years. As a result, several school programmes have been implemented, however the effectiveness of these needs to be evaluated to identify and prioritize strategies to curve this trend. METHODS: Cluster randomized controlled trial. Twelve primary public schools chosen at random over three regions of the country will take part in this study. The sample size consisted of a total of 1,655 children...
December 3, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912156/health-benefits-of-aerobic-training-programs-in-adults-aged-70-and-over-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Walid Bouaziz, Thomas Vogel, Elise Schmitt, Georges Kaltenbach, Bernard Geny, Pierre Olivier Lang
Aging is intrinsically associated with a progressive decline in muscle strength and mass, and aerobic capacity. This contributes to reduced mobility and impaired quality of life (QoL) among seniors. Regular physical activity, and more particularly aerobic training (AT), has demonstrated benefits on adults' health. The aim of this review was to assess the current level of evidence regarding the health benefits of AT in the population aged 70 years and over. A comprehensive, systematic database search for manuscripts was performed...
October 31, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911621/exergaming-for-health-a-randomized-study-of-community-based-exergaming-curriculum-in-pediatric-weight-management
#7
Amy L Christison, Tyler A Evans, Brandon B Bleess, Huaping Wang, Jean C Aldag, Helen J Binns
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and sustainable impact of a multifaceted community-based weight intervention program for children, including exergaming curriculum. METHODS: Eighty overweight or obese children, aged 8-12 years, were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to an Exergaming for Health intervention group, comprising both exergaming and classroom curriculum, or to a control group with classroom curriculum alone. Outcome measures included body mass index (BMI), z-score change, and shuttle runs to assess cardiorespiratory endurance...
December 2, 2016: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911135/development-of-a-new-measurement-scale-for-interprofessional-collaborative-competency-the-chiba-interprofessional-competency-scale-cics29
#8
Ikuko Sakai, Takeshi Yamamoto, Yoshinori Takahashi, Takashi Maeda, Yuuko Kunii, Kana Kurokochi
AVSTRACT The purpose of this study was to refine the items on a scale measuring interprofessional collaborative competency that was developed by the authors in an earlier pilot study. A questionnaire-based study was conducted with a sample of 2133 health professionals using the reformulated questionnaire. Construct validity was tested by comparing the survey results with a covariance structure analysis and the domains of interprofessional collaboration competencies presented in previous studies. A second survey was conducted 2 weeks later with a sample of 571 nursing professionals, using the same survey form to test its reliability...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911089/don-t-say-that-to-me-opposition-to-targeting-in-weight-centric-intervention-messages
#9
Becky Robinson, Samantha Coveleski
Obesity is a global health issue. Despite well-intentioned efforts by public institutions, traditional health promotion techniques often lead to offending those most in need of weight loss. For example, when Bryn Mawr College targeted overweight students to offer a free fitness and nutrition program, it was met with accusations of fat-shaming, indicating that weight-centric messages operate in a more complex sociocultural system than many public health concerns. To better understand reactions to weight-centric health messages, college-aged women evaluated the Bryn Mawr College e-mail...
December 2, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910118/motivational-factors-associated-with-physical-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#10
Anders Farholm, Marit Sørensen, Hallgeir Halvari
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing interest for investigating the role of motivation in physical activity among people with severe mental illness (SMI). Autonomous motivation has been suggested to have a potentially important role in adoption and maintenance of physical activity. However, the knowledge about factors that facilitate autonomous motivation among people with SMI is scarce. AIM: The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with motivation for physical activity as well as the relationships between motivation, physical activity and health-related quality of life in individuals with SMI that were currently physically active...
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910113/diagnostic-accuracy-of-faecal-biomarkers-in-detecting-colorectal-cancer-and-adenoma-in-symptomatic-patients
#11
M M Widlak, C L Thomas, M G Thomas, C Tomkins, S Smith, N O'Connell, S Wurie, L Burns, C Harmston, C Evans, C U Nwokolo, B Singh, R P Arasaradnam
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC) can be difficult as symptoms are variable with poor specificity. Thus, there is a quest for simple, non-invasive testing that can help streamline those with significant colonic pathology. AIM: To assess using faecal immunochemical test for haemoglobin (FIT) or faecal calprotectin (FCP) to detect CRC and adenoma in symptomatic patients referred from primary care. METHODS: A total of 799 referred for urgent lower gastrointestinal investigations were prospectively recruited...
December 1, 2016: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910099/physician-engagement-strategies-in-care-coordination-findings-from-the-centers-for-medicare-medicaid-services-health-care-innovation-awards-program
#12
Megan Skillman, Caitlin Cross-Barnet, Rachel Friedman Singer, Sarah Ruiz, Christina Rotondo, Roy Ahn, Lynne Page Snyder, Erin M Colligan, Katherine Giuriceo, Adil Moiduddin
OBJECTIVE: To identify roles physicians assumed as part of new health care delivery models and related strategies that facilitated physician engagement across 21 Health Care Innovation Award (HCIA) programs. DATA SOURCES: Site-level in-depth interviews, conducted from 2014 to 2015 (N = 672) with program staff, leadership, and partners (including 95 physicians) and direct observations. STUDY DESIGN: NORC conducted a mixed-method evaluation, including two rounds of qualitative data collected via site visits and telephone interviews...
December 2, 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909646/the-neural-mechanisms-of-meditative-practices-novel-approaches-for-healthy-aging
#13
REVIEW
Bianca P Acevedo, Sarah Pospos, Helen Lavretsky
OBJECTIVES: Meditation has been shown to have physical, cognitive, and psychological health benefits that can be used to promote healthy aging. However, the common and specific mechanisms of response remain elusive due to the diverse nature of mind-body practices. METHODS: In this review, we aim to compare the neural circuits implicated in focused-attention meditative practices that focus on present-moment awareness to those involved in active-type meditative practices (e...
2016: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909390/child-welfare-involved-parents-and-pathways-triple-p-perceptions-of-program-acceptability-and-appropriateness
#14
Ericka M Lewis, Megan Feely, Kristen D Seay, Nicole Fedoravicis, Patricia L Kohl
Nearly half of children in the child welfare system have clinically significant behavior problems and are at risk of developing disruptive behavioral disorders. Yet, behavioral parent training interventions, which are the most effective way to treat these problems, are rarely provided to child welfare involved families. As a result, little is known about the acceptability and appropriateness of these parent training interventions with these families. This qualitative study explored implementation outcomes of an evidenced-based parenting intervention, Pathways Triple P, with families in the child welfare system...
December 2016: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909117/when-is-the-ideal-time-to-operate-on-a-patient-with-a-fracture-of-the-hip-a-review-of-the-available-literature
#15
REVIEW
P M Lewis, J P Waddell
Fractures of the hip are common, often occurring in frail elderly patients, but also in younger fit healthy patients following trauma. They have a significant associated mortality and major social and financial implications to patients and health care providers. Many guidelines are available for the management of these patients, mostly recommending early surgery for the best outcomes. As a result, healthcare authorities now put pressure on surgical teams to 'fast track' patients with a fracture of the hip, often misquoting the available literature, which in itself can be confusing and even conflicting...
December 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908276/changes-in-physical-functioning-among-men-and-women-aged-50-79-years-in-germany-an-analysis-of-national-health-interview-and-examination-surveys-1997-1999-and-2008-2011
#16
A K Buttery, Y Du, M A Busch, J Fuchs, B Gaertner, H Knopf, C Scheidt-Nave
BACKGROUND: This study examines changes in physical functioning among adults aged 50-79 years in Germany based on data from two German National Health Interview and Examination Surveys conducted in 1997-1999 (GNHIES98) and 2008-2011 (DEGS1). METHODS: Using cross-sectional data from the two surveys (GNHIES98, n = 2884 and DEGS1, n = 3732), we examined changes in self-reported physical functioning scores (Short Form-36 physical functioning subscale (SF-36 PF)) by sex and age groups (50-64 and 65-79 years)...
December 1, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907073/how-do-allied-health-professionals-construe-the-role-of-the-remote-workforce-new-insight-into-their-recruitment-and-retention
#17
Narelle Campbell, Diann S Eley, Lindy McAllister
PURPOSE: Allied health workforce recruitment and retention in remote areas is a global problem. Using case studies from the Australian allied health workforce, this paper adds new information by combining personality trait information with a detailed understanding of how the cases construe the demands of remote work, which may be useful in addressing this problem. METHODS: Four cases (two urban, two remote) are presented from a mixed methods study (n = 562), which used (1) the Temperament and Character Inventory to investigate personality traits of allied health professionals; and (2) repertory grid interviews to reveal quantitatively and qualitatively how the cases construed their Ideal work role compared with their Current and a Remote role...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906448/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multicomponent-targeted-low-literacy-educational-intervention-compared-with-a-nontargeted-intervention-to-boost-colorectal-cancer-screening-with-fecal-immunochemical-testing-in-community-clinics
#18
Stacy N Davis, Shannon M Christy, Enmanuel A Chavarria, Rania Abdulla, Steven K Sutton, Alyssa R Schmidt, Susan T Vadaparampil, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Vani N Simmons, Chukwudi B Ufondu, Chitra Ravindra, Ida Schultz, Richard G Roetzheim, David Shibata, Cathy D Meade, Clement K Gwede
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to improve colorectal cancer (CRC) screening uptake with the fecal immunochemical test (FIT). The current study investigated the differential impact of a multicomponent, targeted, low-literacy educational intervention compared with a standard, nontargeted educational intervention. METHODS: Patients aged 50 to 75 years who were of average CRC risk and not up-to-date with CRC screening were recruited from either a federally qualified health center or a primary care community health clinic...
December 1, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906041/implementation-of-the-better-2-program-a-qualitative-study-exploring-barriers-and-facilitators-of-a-novel-way-to-improve-chronic-disease-prevention-and-screening-in-primary-care
#19
Nicolette Sopcak, Carolina Aguilar, Mary Ann O'Brien, Candace Nykiforuk, Kris Aubrey-Bassler, Richard Cullen, Eva Grunfeld, Donna Patricia Manca
BACKGROUND: BETTER (Building on Existing Tools to Improve Chronic Disease Prevention and Screening in Primary Care) is a patient-based intervention to improve chronic disease prevention and screening (CDPS) for cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and associated lifestyle factors in patients aged 40 to 65. The key component of BETTER is a prevention practitioner (PP), a health care professional with specialized skills in CDPS who meets with patients to develop a personalized prevention prescription, using the BETTER toolkit and Brief Action Planning...
December 1, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905956/summarizing-health-related-quality-of-life-hrqol-development-and-testing-of-a-one-factor-model
#20
Shaoman Yin, Rashid Njai, Lawrence Barker, Paul Z Siegel, Youlian Liao
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is a multi-dimensional concept commonly used to examine the impact of health status on quality of life. HRQOL is often measured by four core questions that asked about general health status and number of unhealthy days in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Use of these measures individually, however, may not provide a cohesive picture of overall HRQOL. To address this concern, this study developed and tested a method for combining these four measures into a summary score...
July 11, 2016: Population Health Metrics
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