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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741328/-short-term-results-of-weils-osteotomy-in-patients-with-propulsive-metatarsalgia
#1
J C Hernández-Martínez, J Vázquez-Escamilla, M Coronado-Puente
INTRODUCTION: Metatarsalgia is the most common reason for consultation in orthopedic pathology of the foot. The key to its treatment lies in the correct determination of the symptoms, which are biological, morphological and mechanical alterations responsible for pain. Weil´s osteotomy is commonly used for multiple forefoot pathologies, including metatarsalgias. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included patients with first-line failure syndrome and associated mechanical metatarsalgia-producing deformities...
January 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735645/psychiatric-consultation-in-the-collaborative-care-model-the-bipolar-sieve-effect
#2
James R Phelps, James James
Around the world, psychiatrists are in exceptionally short supply. The majority of mental health treatment is delivered in primary care. In the United States, the Collaborative Care Model (CCM) addresses the shortfall of psychiatrists by providing indirect consultation in primary care. A Cochrane meta-analysis affirms the efficacy this model for depression and anxiety. However, our experience with the CCM suggests that most patients referred for consultation have problems far more complex than simple depression and anxiety...
August 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732477/a-web-based-clinical-decision-tool-to-support-treatment-decision-making-in-psychiatry-a-pilot-focus-group-study-with-clinicians-patients-and-carers
#3
Catherine Henshall, Lisa Marzano, Katharine Smith, Mary-Jane Attenburrow, Stephen Puntis, Jakov Zlodre, Kathleen Kelly, Matthew R Broome, Susan Shaw, Alvaro Barrera, Andrew Molodynski, Alastair Reid, John R Geddes, Andrea Cipriani
BACKGROUND: Treatment decision tools have been developed in many fields of medicine, including psychiatry, however benefits for patients have not been sustained once the support is withdrawn. We have developed a web-based computerised clinical decision support tool (CDST), which can provide patients and clinicians with continuous, up-to-date, personalised information about the efficacy and tolerability of competing interventions. To test the feasibility and acceptability of the CDST we conducted a focus group study, aimed to explore the views of clinicians, patients and carers...
July 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731926/history-of-anaesthesia-the-ketamine-story-past-present-and-future
#4
Georges Mion
: Ketamine's history begins in the 1950s in Detroit, Michigan, at Parke-Davis Laboratories. On 26 March 1956, Harold V. Maddox synthesised phencyclidine or PCP. Domino studied PCP effects in animals and in 1958, Greifenstein made the first trials of PCP in humans under the name of Sernyl. Sernyl did not cause depression of cardiovascular and respiratory functions, but elicited severe excitation with a very prolonged postoperative recovery. Because of its psychedelic effects, it became a street drug under the name of 'angel dust' and was placed on schedule II of Federal Controlled Substance Act (CSA) in 1978...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724423/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-telephone-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-primary-care-study-protocol-of-tide-telephone-intervention-for-depression
#5
Birgit Watzke, Elisa Haller, Maya Steinmann, Daniela Heddaeus, Martin Härter, Hans-Helmut König, Karl Wegscheider, Thomas Rosemann
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of evidence-based treatments for depression, a large proportion of patients remains untreated or adequate treatment is initiated with delay. This situation is particularly critical in primary care, where not only most individuals first seek help for their mental health problems, but also depressive disorders - particularly mild to moderate levels of severity - are highly prevalent given the high comorbidity of chronic somatic conditions and depression...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723368/definition-of-success-after-surgery-for-female-stress-incontinence-or-voiding-dysfunction-an-attempt-at-standardization
#6
REVIEW
Maude E Carmel, Donna Y Deng, Tamsin J Greenwell, Philippe E Zimmern
CONTEXT: There is currently no standardized definition of success for surgery for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and voiding dysfunction (VD) in women. OBJECTIVE: To review the use of outcome measures (OMs) and definitions of success in the literature on SUI and VD surgery in women in an attempt to provide recommendations for future publications. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A PubMed search of all English language full-text articles on SUI and VD surgery in women published between 2010 and 2015 was performed...
August 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721482/the-impact-of-urodynamics-on-treatment-and-outcomes-in-women-with-an-overactive-bladder-a-longitudinal-prospective-follow-up-study
#7
Tina Sara Verghese, Lee J Middleton, Jane P Daniels, Jonathan J Deeks, Pallavi Manish Latthe
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to establish if the management of women with overactive bladder (OAB) and patient-reported outcomes differed based on the findings of urodynamics (UDS). METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal observational study conducted in urogynaecology clinics in 22 UK hospitals participating in the Diagnostic Accuracy of Bladder Ultrasound Study (BUS). A total of 687 women with OAB symptoms or urgency-predominant mixed urinary incontinence were recruited into a diagnostic study that used UDS as the reference standard...
July 18, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720424/participation-of-colon-and-rectal-fellows-in-robotic-rectal-cancer-surgery-effect-on-surgical-outcomes
#8
Danielle Collins, Nikolaos Machairas, Emilie Duchalais, Ron G Landmann, Amit Merchea, Dorin T Colibaseanu, Scott R Kelley, Kellie L Mathis, Eric J Dozois, David W Larson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether involvement of colon and rectal fellows has an effect on short-term surgical and oncological outcomes in robotic rectal cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From a dataset of 263 robotic-assisted rectal cancer operations, 114 case-matched patients over a 5-year period (January 2010-December 2015) were included in the study. Patients who underwent resection with and without fellow involvement were compared. Cases were matched according to age, body mass index, neoadjuvant therapy, and tumor location...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720133/developing-a-questionnaire-to-determine-the-impact-of-self-management-in-diabetes-giving-people-with-diabetes-a-voice
#9
J Carlton, J Elliott, D Rowen, K Stevens, H Basarir, K Meadows, J Brazier
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is increasing dramatically, placing considerable financial burden on the healthcare budget of each country. Patient self-management is crucial for the control of blood glucose, which largely determines the chances of developing diabetes-related complications. Self-management interventions vary widely, and a method is required for assessing the impact of self-management. This paper describes the development of a questionnaire intended for use to measure the impact of self-management in diabetes...
July 18, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719697/diagnosis-and-management-of-asthma-in-adults-a-review
#10
Jennifer L McCracken, Sreenivas P Veeranki, Bill T Ameredes, William J Calhoun
Importance: Asthma affects about 7.5% of the adult population. Evidence-based diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment can improve functioning and quality of life in adult patients with asthma. Observations: Asthma is a heterogeneous clinical syndrome primarily affecting the lower respiratory tract, characterized by episodic or persistent symptoms of wheezing, dyspnea, and cough. The diagnosis of asthma requires these symptoms and demonstration of reversible airway obstruction using spirometry...
July 18, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718604/-sexual-medicine-in-lausanne-past-present-and-future
#11
Sandra Fornage, Francesco Bianchi-Demicheli
Sexuality is a natural function, part of global health and has to be evaluated in every patient. When difficulties or dyfunctions happen in this domain, a specific mangement should be proposed. Sexual medicine is a « young » transversal discipline developping these last years in the french-speaking area of Switzerland. We present in this article a short history of sexual medicine in Lausanne and the recent activity in the Sexual Medicine Consultation of the Maternity in the CHUV.
March 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718223/self-management-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-via-a-mobile-app-2-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Victoria Hoffman, Lars Söderström, Eva Samuelsson
We investigated the long-term effects of using a mobile app to treat stress urinary incontinence with a focus on pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) MATERIAL AND METHODS: A previous randomized controlled trial of 123 women aged 27-72 years found that 3 months of self-managing stress urinary incontinence with support from the Tät(®) app was effective. We followed-up the women in the app group (n=62) two years after the initial trial with the same primary outcomes for symptom severity (International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form [ICIQ-UI SF]) and condition-specific quality of life (ICIQ-Lower Urinary Tract Symptom Quality of Life [ICIQ-LUTSqol]) and compared the scores with those at baseline RESULTS: Of the 62 women, 61 and 46 (75...
July 17, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713597/ketamine-use-for-successful-resolution-of-post-ercp-acute-pancreatitis-abdominal-pain
#13
Suneel M Agerwala, Divya Sundarapandiyan, Garret Weber
We report a case in which a patient with intractable pain secondary to post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) acute pancreatitis is successfully treated with a subanesthetic ketamine infusion. Shortly after ERCP, the patient reported severe stabbing epigastric pain. She exhibited voluntary guarding and tenderness without distension. Amylase and lipase levels were elevated. Pain persisted for hours despite hydromorphone PCA, hydromorphone boluses, fentanyl boluses, and postprocedure anxiolytics...
2017: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708202/experience-after-12-cases-with-the-adjustable-transobturator-male-sling-for-postprostatectomy-stress-urinary-incontinence
#14
Andrea Vismara Fugini, Luca Giovanessi, Michelangelo Tosana
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was the prospective evaluation of the efficacy of the adjustable transobturator male system (ArgusT®) for the treatment of postprostatectomy stress urinary incontinence (PPI). METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients were treated with ArgusT system for PPI. All patients were comprehensively evaluated preoperatively and after 3 and 6 months regarding daily pad use, residual urine, Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (I-QoL) score and International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form (ICIQ-SF) score...
July 1, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698886/the-prevalence-subtypes-and-obstetric-risk-factors-of-urinary-incontinence-in-reproductive-age-women-referred-to-community-health-care-centers-of-dezful-iran-2015
#15
Roghaye Komeilifar, Nahid Javadifar, Poorandokht Afshari, Mohammad Hosein Haghighizade, Azam Honarmandpour
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is a common health problem and has a profound effect on the quality of life and psychosocial aspects of the affected women. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of UI in reproductive age women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 2000 reproductive age women from February to June 2015. The women were selected from all of the primary health care centers of Dezful, using easy access sampling method...
July 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695343/posterior-colporrhaphy-does-not-affect-the-urethral-closure-mechanism
#16
Yasmine Khayyami, Gunnar Lose, Niels Klarskov
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Studies have suggested that a posterior vaginal wall prolapse might compress the urethra and mask stress urinary incontinence (SUI), much like an anterior vaginal wall prolapse. A recent study with urethral pressure reflectometry (UPR) has shown that the urethral closure mechanism deteriorates after anterior colporrhaphy; this could explain the occurrence of postoperative de novo SUI. We hypothesized that urethral pressure would also decrease after posterior colporrhaphy...
July 10, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693651/models-of-care-for-traumatically-injured-patients-at-trauma-centres-in-british-columbia-variability-and-sustainability
#17
Benjamin Tuyp, Kasra Hassani, Lisa Constable, Joseph Haegert
BACKGROUND: Successful trauma systems employ a network of variably-resourced hospitals, staffed by experienced providers, to deliver optimal care for injured patients. The "model of care"-the manner by which inpatients are admitted and overseen, is an important determinant of patient outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To describe the models of inpatient trauma care at British Columbia's (BC's) ten adult trauma centres, their sustainability, and their compatibility with accreditation guidelines...
July 11, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691520/caring-for-me-and-you-the-co-production-of-a-computerised-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-ccbt-package-for-carers-of-people-with-dementia
#18
Susie A Hales, Jane Fossey
OBJECTIVES: Carers of people with dementia face barriers in accessing therapy for mental health difficulties. Computerised cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) packages can be effective in treating a range of presentations; however, tailored packages for carers' unique needs are lacking. Our aim was to design a cCBT package for carers to address the limitations of previous online interventions, by including users and experts as consultants and collaborators throughout the project. METHOD: We adopted a three-phase approach to the development process...
July 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667921/primary-and-isolated-thyroid-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-a-case-report
#19
Mohammed Moutaa Tatari, Said Anajar, Sami Rouadi, Reda Abada, Mohammed Roubal, Mohammed Mahtar
INTRODUCTION: Hodgkin's lymphoma rarely involves the thyroid gland. It is typically presented as a fast growing neck mass that is sometimes accompanied by respiratory compression symptoms. CASE REPORT: We report one of the few (the seventeenth) case of primary and isolated Hodgkin's thyroid lymphoma presented by a 65 years old man, consulting for a fast growing neck mass with Hodgkin's symptoms. The patient had total thyroidectomy and short courses of chemotherapy, then total resolution of symptomatology...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666062/a-populational-based-survey-on-the-prevalence-incidence-and-risk-factors-of-urinary-incontinence-in-older-adults-results-from-the-sabe-study
#20
José Tadeu Nunes Tamanini, Letícia Valério Pallone, Marair Grácio Ferreira Sartori, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Jair Lício Ferreira Dos Santos, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Philip E V A van Kerrebroeck
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence and incidence of urinary incontinence (UI) and identify the associated risk factors in a cohort of elderly individuals in Brazil. METHODS: In 2006, individuals aged ≥60 years were selected from the SABE Study (Health, Well-being, and Aging). The dependent variable was reported UI in 2009. UI was assessed using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Urinary Incontinence-Short Form (ICIQ-UI SF). Incidence was measured in units of 1000 person-years, and Cox regression was applied for data analysis...
June 30, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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