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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146660/changing-physical-activity-behaviour-for-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-trial-istep-ms
#1
Jennifer M Ryan, Jennifer Fortune, Andrea Stennett, Cherry Kilbride, Nana Anokye, Christina Victor, Wendy Hendrie, Mohamed Abdul, Lorraine DeSouza, Grace Lavelle, Debbie Brewin, Lee David, Meriel Norris
INTRODUCTION: Although physical activity may reduce disease burden, fatigue and disability, and improve quality of life among people with multiple sclerosis (MS), many people with MS are physically inactive and spend significant time in sedentary behaviour. Behaviour change interventions may assist people with MS to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behaviour. However, few studies have investigated their effectiveness using objective measures of physical activity, particularly in the long term...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144534/building-and-strengthening-capacity-for-cardiovascular-research-in-africa-through-technical-training-workshops-a-report-of-the-joint-course-on-health-research-methods-by-the-clinical-research-education-networking-and-consultancy-and-the-ivorian-society-of-cardiology
#2
Bonaventure Suiru Dzekem, Jean Baptiste Kacou, Martin Abanda, Euloge Kramoh, Yves Yapobi, Samuel Kingue, Andre Pascal Kengne, Anastase Dzudie
Africa bears a quarter of the global burden of disease but contributes less than 2% of the global research publications on health, partially due to a lack of expertise and skills to carry out scientific research. We report on a short course on research methods organised by the Clinical Research Education Networking and Consultancy (CRENC) during the third international congress of the Ivorian Cardiac Society (SICARD) in Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire. Results from the pre- and post-test evaluation during this course showed that African researchers could contribute more to scientific research and publications, provided adequate support and investment is geared towards the identification and training of motivated early-career scientists...
September 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132933/long-term-follow-up-of-the-advance-%C3%A2-advancexp-%C3%A2-sling-what-are-the-surgeons-impressions-what-are-the-patients
#3
A Romero Hoyuela, L Reina Alcaina, E Izquierdo Morejon, A Rosino Sanchez, C Carrillo George, A Rivero Guerra, I Barcelo Bayonas, A Pardo Martinez, V Muñoz Guillermo, B Pietricica, T Fernandez Aparicio, G Hita Villaplana, B Miñana Lopez
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the safety, efficacy and quality of life of patients with male stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy treated with the AdVance(®) and AdvanceXP(®) slings. PATIENTS AND METHOD: The study included 92 patients with stress urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy treated with the AdVance(®) and AdVanceXP(®) sling between May 2008 and December 2015. A perineal repositioning test was performed in all cases with sphincter coaptation of≥1...
November 10, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118053/international-variations-in-primary-care-physician-consultation-time-a-systematic-review-of-67-countries
#4
Greg Irving, Ana Luisa Neves, Hajira Dambha-Miller, Ai Oishi, Hiroko Tagashira, Anistasiya Verho, John Holden
OBJECTIVE: To describe the average primary care physician consultation length in economically developed and low-income/middle-income countries, and to examine the relationship between consultation length and organisational-level economic, and health outcomes. DESIGN AND OUTCOME MEASURES: This is a systematic review of published and grey literature in English, Chinese, Japanese, Spanish, Portuguese and Russian languages from 1946 to 2016, for articles reporting on primary care physician consultation lengths...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117796/effects-of-varenicline-therapy-in-combination-with-advanced-behavioral-support-on-smoking-cessation-and-quality-of-life-in-inpatients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-copd-bronchial-asthma-or-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-prospective-open-label-preference-based
#5
Alexios Politis, Vasileios Ioannidis, Konstantinos I Gourgoulianis, Zoe Daniil, Chrissi Hatzoglou
Quitting smoking is the most important element in the therapeutic management of chronic respiratory diseases. Combining pharmacotherapy with behavioral support increases smoking cessation success rates. In addition, hospitalized smokers have increased motivation to quit. We investigated the efficacy on smoking cessation, of varenicline in combination with behavioral support, in smokers hospitalized due to (a) acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or (b) bronchial asthma attack, or (c) community-acquired pneumonia (CAP)...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110512/short-term-clinical-and-radiographic-results-of-the-salto-mobile-total-ankle-prosthesis
#6
Dong Dong Wan, Woo Jin Choi, Dong Woo Shim, Yeokgu Hwang, Yoo Jung Park, Jin Woo Lee
BACKGROUND: The mobile-bearing Salto total ankle prosthesis has been reported to have promising outcomes. However, clinical reports on this prosthesis are few, and most have been published by the inventors and disclosed consultants. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 59 patients who received Salto prosthesis unilaterally. The average follow-up was 35.9 (range, 6-56) months. Clinical and radiologic results were evaluated. Clinical results were evaluated according to visual analog scale (VAS), American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, Ankle Osteoarthritis Scale (AOS) pain and disability score, and ankle range of motion (ROM) in dorsiflexion/plantarflexion...
November 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109115/use-of-an-electronic-consultation-system-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-interview-study
#7
Jon Banks, Michelle Farr, Chris Salisbury, Elly Bernard, Kate Northstone, Hannah Edwards, Jeremy Horwood
BACKGROUND: The level of demand on primary care continues to increase. Electronic or e-consultations enable patients to consult their GP online and have been promoted as having potential to improve access and efficiency. AIM: To evaluate whether an e-consultation system improves the ability of practice staff to manage workload and access. DESIGN AND SETTING: A qualitative interview study in general practices in the West of England that piloted an e-consultation system for 15 months during 2015 and 2016...
November 6, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107131/the-impact-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-on-individual-components-of-quality-of-life-in-malaysian-women
#8
Renly Lim, Men Long Liong, Wing Seng Leong, Yong Khee Lau, Nurzalina Abdul Karim Khan, Kah Hay Yuen
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) on individual components of quality of life (QoL) using both condition-specific and generic questionnaires, and to compare the results of the two instruments with a control group. METHODS: Women with or without SUI aged ≥21 years old were recruited. Subjects completed the International Consultation of Incontinence-Urinary Incontinence Short Form (ICIQ-UI-SF), International Consultation of Incontinence-Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms Quality of Life (ICIQ-LUTSqol) and EQ-5D questionnaires...
October 26, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103165/the-urethral-closure-mechanism-is-deteriorated-after-anterior-colporrhaphy
#9
Yasmine Khayyami, Gunnar Lose, Niels Klarskov
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Urethral pressure reflectometry (UPR) has proven highly reproducible in women with pelvic organ prolapse. We hypothesized that urethral parameters would decrease after anterior colporrhaphy. METHODS: A prospective, observational study where women with anterior vaginal wall prolapse ≥stage II were assessed before and after anterior colporrhaphy. Assessments consisted of prolapse staging according to the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification system, UPR measurements at rest, during squeezing and straining (at a standardized abdominal pressure of 50 cmH2O, PO-Abd 50), standardized stress tests with 300 ml saline, and answering the International Consultation on Incontinence - Urinary incontinence short form...
November 4, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102062/do-doctors-attachment-styles-and-emotional-intelligence-influence-patients-emotional-expressions-in-primary-care-consultations-an-exploratory-study-using-multilevel-analysis
#10
M Gemma Cherry, Ian Fletcher, Damon Berridge, Helen O'Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether and how doctors' attachment styles and emotional intelligence (EI) might influence patients' emotional expressions in general practice consultations. METHODS: Video recordings of 26 junior doctors consulting with 173 patients were coded using the Verona Coding Definition of Emotional Sequences (VR-CoDES). Doctors' attachment style was scored across two dimensions, avoidance and anxiety, using the Experiences in Close Relationships: Short Form questionnaire...
October 26, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101134/-well-it-literally-stops-me-from-having-a-life-when-it-s-really-bad-a-nested-qualitative-interview-study-of-patient-views-on-the-use-of-self-management-treatments-for-the-management-of-recurrent-sinusitis-snifs-trial
#11
Geraldine M Leydon, Lisa McDermott, Tammy Thomas, Amy Halls, Ben Holdstock-Brown, Stephen Petley, Clare Wiseman, Paul Little
OBJECTIVE: To explore the experience and perceptions of illness, the decision to consult a general practitioner and the use of self-management approaches for chronic or recurrent sinusitis. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured interview study. SETTING: UK primary care. PARTICIPANTS: 32 participants who had been participating in the 'SNIFS' (Steam inhalation and Nasal Irrigation For recurrent Sinusitis) trial in the South of England...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097039/long-term-outcomes-of-i-stop-toms%C3%A2-male-sling-implantation-for-post-prostatectomy-incontinence-management
#12
B Malval, J-D Rebibo, M Baron, F-X Nouhaud, C Pfister, J-N Cornu, P Grise
OBJECTIVES: To report long-term outcomes after I-Stop TOMS™ implantation for PPI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective evaluation was conducted in three tertiary reference centers. All consecutive patients implanted with an I-Stop TOMS™ sling between 2007 and 2012 for mild to moderate PPI (24-hour Pad test<400g) without history of pelvic radiation therapy were included. Evaluation had been conducted preoperatively, at one and six months postoperative and yearly thereafter...
October 30, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095509/urinary-incontinence-in-pregnant-adolescents-a-case-series
#13
Leila Barbosa, Thamiris Cruz, Amanda Carvalho, Elise Torres, Isabel Porto, Kaylla Nascimento, Andrea Lemos
AIMS: Determine the severity of urinary incontinence (UI) and its effect on the quality of life (QoL) of pregnant adolescents, as well as explore the strategies used to manage UI and the reporting/investigation of this condition by healthcare professionals. METHODS: A case series was conducted in three Brazilian public hospitals that offer prenatal care. Inclusion criteria were: age between 10 and 19 years, gestational age of 27 weeks or more, and reported UI in the third trimester of pregnancy...
November 2, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093969/interpreting-mobile-and-handheld-air-sensor-readings-in-relation-to-air-quality-standards-and-health-effect-reference-values-tackling-the-challenges
#14
George M Woodall, Mark D Hoover, Ronald Williams, Kristen Benedict, Martin Harper, Jhy-Charm Soo, Annie M Jarabek, Michael J Stewart, James S Brown, Janis E Hulla, Motria Caudill, Andrea L Clements, Amanda Kaufman, Alison J Parker, Martha Keating, David Balshaw, Kevin Garrahan, Laureen Burton, Sheila Batka, Vijay S Limaye, Pertti J Hakkinen, Bob Thompson
The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other federal agencies face a number of challenges in interpreting and reconciling short-duration (seconds to minutes) readings from mobile and handheld air sensors with the longer duration averages (hours to days) associated with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for the criteria pollutants-particulate matter (PM), ozone, carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen oxides, and sulfur oxides. Similar issues are equally relevant to the hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) where chemical-specific health effect reference values are the best indicators of exposure limits; values which are often based on a lifetime of continuous exposure...
2017: Atmosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092898/patient-preference-and-choice-of-healthcare-providers-in-shanghai-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Wenya Yu, Meina Li, Feng Ye, Chen Xue, Lulu Zhang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess patients' healthcare-seeking preferences in mild, chronic, and serious illness; identify influential factors; and examine the reasons underlying patients' healthcare-seeking preference. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: The study was conducted in 14 tertiary hospitals in Shanghai, China. PARTICIPANTS: Questionnaires were distributed to 1519 patients, and 1114 were completed and returned...
November 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083971/patient-outcomes-health-care-resource-use-and-costs-associated-with-high-versus-low-hedis-asthma-medication-ratio
#16
Allan T Luskin, Evgeniya N Antonova, Michael S Broder, Eunice Chang, Karina Raimundo, Paul G Solari
BACKGROUND: The Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) quality measures for asthma include the asthma medication ratio (AMR) as a marker of quality of care for patients with asthma. Few data are available to describe the association between health care use and costs in patients with high versus low AMR. OBJECTIVE: To characterize health care use and costs associated with high versus low AMR in patients participating in commercial health plans...
November 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079591/fifteen-minute-consultation-diabulimia-and-disordered-eating-in-childhood-diabetes
#17
Toby Candler, Rhian Murphy, Aisling Pigott, John W Gregory
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a common chronic disease in children and young people. Living with diabetes can pose many challenges both medical and psychological. Disordered eating behaviours, intentional insulin omission and recognised eating disorders are common among young people with diabetes and are associated with increased risk of short-term and long-term complications and death. Recognition of these behaviours is important to ensure that relevant support is provided. Joint working between diabetes and mental health teams has challenges but is essential to ensure all needs are met during treatment and recovery...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079373/longest-delayed-hemothorax-reported-after-blunt-chest-injury
#18
Darren Yap, Miane Ng, Madhu Chaudhury, Nik Mbakada
INTRODUCTION: Blunt chest injury is a common presentation to the emergency department. However, a delayed hemothorax after blunt trauma is rare; current literature reports a delay of up to 30days. We present a case of 44-day delay in hemothorax which has not been previously reported in current literature. CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old Caucasian male first presented to the emergency department complaining of persistent right sided chest pain 2weeks after having slipped on a wet surface at home...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078996/ambulatory-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-short-outcome-of-50-first-cases
#19
N Ruiz, X Buisson, G Filippi, M Roulet, H Robert
INTRODUCTION: The reduction in length of stay (LOS) in orthopaedic surgery has been steady for several years. For the past 3 or 4 years in France, the trend towards outpatient surgery has been growing up, as it is a goal for hospital administration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective, continuous,mono-centric, single operator study on 56 UKAs. Included were all UKAs carried out between January 2014 and December 2015, meeting the following criteria: voluntary patients, supportive family environment, absence of comorbidity (oral anticoagulants, diabetes, obesity), ASA score ≤ 3...
October 24, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076570/validity-and-reliability-of-the-japanese-version-of-the-care-transitions-measure
#20
Mai Yoshimura, Miho Sato, Naomi Sumi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity and reliability of the Japanese Version of the Care Transitions Measure (J-CTM-15). DESIGN: Questionnaire items were translated, and a longitudinal study was conducted. SETTING: Three urban hospitals: a special functioning hospital, a regional-designated cancer care hospital, and a private hospital in the northern part of Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Patients, aged 20 years and older, who were discharged from hospitals...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
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