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Temporomandibular joint diagnosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216845/analysis-of-helkimo-index-for-temporomandibular-disorder-diagnosis-in-the-dental-students-of-faridabad-city-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Sapna Rani, Salil Pawah, Sunil Gola, Mansha Bakshi
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) by the use of Helkimo's index (anamnestic [Ai] and clinical dysfunction [Di] component) in the nonpatient population (dental students) of Faridabad college. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A questionnaire-based survey was carried out among students of dental college for signs and symptoms of TMD and also clinical examination was done. The results were scored and according to scoring severity of TMD were assessed in the specified population...
January 2017: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213879/arthrogryposis-multiplex-congenita-classification-diagnosis-perioperative-care-and-anesthesia
#2
REVIEW
Lulu Ma, Xuerong Yu
Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a rare disorder characterized by non-progressive, multiple contractures. In addition to affected extremities, patients may also present microstomia, decreased temporomandibular joint mobility. Although the etiology of AMC is unclear, any factor that decreases fetal movement is responsible for AMC. Thus, accurate diagnosis and classification are crucial to the appropriate treatment of AMC. The development of ultrasound technology has enabled prenatal diagnosis. Very early treatment is favorable, and multidisciplinary treatment is necessary to improve the function of AMC patients...
February 17, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181442/history-of-facial-pain-diagnosis
#3
Joanna M Zakrzewska, Troels S Jensen
Premise Facial pain refers to a heterogeneous group of clinically and etiologically different conditions with the common clinical feature of pain in the facial area. Among these conditions, trigeminal neuralgia (TN), persistent idiopathic facial pain, temporomandibular joint pain, and trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TAC) are the most well described conditions. Conclusion TN has been known for centuries, and is recognised by its characteristic and almost pathognomonic clinical features. The other facial pain conditions are less well defined, and over the years there has been confusion about their classification...
January 1, 2017: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176754/magnetic-resonance-imaging-mri-evaluation-for-anterior-disc-displacement-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#4
Zhongjun Yang, Mingguo Wang, Yingwei Ma, Qingguo Lai, Dongdong Tong, Fenghe Zhang, Lili Dong
BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the criterion standard imaging technique for visualization of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) region, and is currently considered the optimum modality for comprehensive evaluation in patients with temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD). This study was aimed at finding the value of MRI in pre-clinical diagnosis of TMJ disc displacement. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients primarily diagnosed as having anterior disc displacement by clinical symptoms and X-ray were selected in the present study...
February 8, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116443/-synovial-chondromatosis-in-the-temporomandibular-joint-report-of-2-cases
#5
Xin Dai, Yuan-Yong Feng, Ling-Xue Bu, Kai Song, Qian-Qian Gao, Wei Shang
The clinical manifestations, radiographic findings, intraoperative view, histopathologic features of synovial chondromatosis(SC) in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) were summarized in 2 cases. Preoperative symptoms included preauricular pain(2/2), swelling(2/2) and limitation of mouth opening (0/2). X-ray findings showed widened joint space. The articular surface destructed and irregular stippled calcifications were seen in the infratemporal fossa by CT scan in one case. MRI showed multiple small nodular formations in the articular cavity...
October 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108240/degenerative-temporomandibular-joint-changes-associated-with-recent-onset-disc-displacement-without-reduction-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#6
Jie Lei, Jianhui Han, Muqing Liu, Yi Zhang, Adrian U-Jin Yap, Kai-Yuan Fu
This study evaluated the occurrence of degenerative temporomandibular joint (TMJ) changes in adolescents and young adults with recent on-set disc displacement without reduction (DDw/oR) using high-resolution cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The associations between types of osteoarthrosis (OA) changes and clinical factors including disease duration were also examined. CBCT and clinical data of 300 patients (84.70% females, mean age 20.93 ± 4.77 years) diagnosed with unilateral DDw/oR (≤12 months) based on RDC/TMD were acquired...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087283/benefits-of-using-the-ultrasonic-bonescalpel%C3%A2-in-temporomandibular-joint-reconstruction
#7
Rebeka Silva, Rishi Gupta, Gianluca Tartaglia, Stephen Connelly
PURPOSE: The main objective of this retrospective study is to analyze and report on our operative experiences and outcomes using the ultrasonic BoneScalpel™ (BoneScalpel) versus a conventional reciprocating saw (RecipSaw) for the purpose of completing the osteotomies in total temporomandibular joint reconstruction (TJR) surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 23 consecutive patients presented with a diagnosis of either degenerative joint disease (n = 23), a failing autogenous TJR (n = 1), heterotrophic bone formation (n = 1) or a subcondylar fracture (n = 1) for a total of 26 joints that received a TJR...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064031/frequency-of-temporomandibular-osteoarthritis-and-related-symptoms-in-a-hand-osteoarthritis-cohort
#8
A-K Abrahamsson, M Kristensen, L Z Arvidsson, T K Kvien, T A Larheim, I K Haugen
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA) in the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) in hand OA patients is largely unknown. Our aims were to explore (1) The frequency of TMJ-related symptoms and clinical findings; (2) The TMJ OA frequency defined by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT); and (3) The relationship between TMJ-related symptoms/clinical findings and CBCT-defined TMJ OA, in a hand OA cohort. METHODS: We calculated the frequencies of TMJ-related symptoms, clinical findings and diagnosis of TMJ OA by CBCT and clinical examination in 54 patients from the Oslo hand OA cohort (88% women, mean (range) age 71 (61-83) years)...
January 5, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059446/elimination-of-pain-improves-specificity-of-clinical-diagnostic-criteria-for-adult-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#9
Scott D Hirsch, Evan R Reiter, Laurence J DiNardo, Wen Wan, Theodore A Schuman
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether the elimination of pain improves accuracy of clinical diagnostic criteria for adult chronic rhinosinusitis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: History, symptoms, nasal endoscopy, and computed tomography (CT) results were analyzed for 1,186 adults referred to an academic otolaryngology clinic with presumptive diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis. Clinical diagnosis was rendered using the 1997 Rhinosinusitis Taskforce (RSTF) Guidelines and a modified version eliminating facial pain, ear pain, dental pain, and headache...
January 6, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056123/the-interface-of-mechanics-and-nociception-in-joint-pathophysiology-insights-from-the-facet-and-temporomandibular-joints
#10
Megan M Sperry, Meagan E Ita, Sonia Kartha, Sijia Zhang, Ya-Hsin Yu, Beth Winkelstein
Chronic joint pain is a widespread problem that frequently occurs with aging and trauma. Pain occurs most often in synovial joints, the body's load bearing joints. The mechanical and molecular mechanisms contributing to synovial joint pain are reviewed using two examples, the cervical spinal facet joints and the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Although much work has focused on the macroscale mechanics of joints in health and disease, the combined influence of tissue mechanics, molecular processes, and nociception in joint pain has only recently become a focus...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005732/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-clinicophysiologic-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-of-the-temporomandibular-disorder-patients
#11
Salih Onur Basat, Mehmet Surmeli, Oguzhan Demirel, Fatih Ceran, Funda Akoz Saydam, Karaca Basaran
Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJDs) are a complex group of disorders that comprise dysfunctions of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). In this study, we analyzed the objective and subjective findings of the TMJD patients by using Helkimo anamnesis (Ai) and clinical dysfunction (Di) indices, and tried to document a relation between these findings and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results.Ninety-eight patients who were admitted to our clinic were included in the study. The clinical evaluation was performed by using Ai, an 8-question-survey based on the objective symptoms of patients; Di, concluded as the score of 5 objective measurements of physical examination...
November 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003132/frequency-and-morbidity-of-temporomandibular-joint-involvement-in-adult-patients-with-a-history-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#12
Cory M Resnick, Rushil Dang, Lauren A Henderson, David A Zander, Kimberly M Daniels, Peter A Nigrovic, Leonard B Kaban
PURPOSE: Most patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) have temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement, but little is known about the natural history of TMJ disease as these children enter adulthood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate adults with a history of JIA to document the frequency and severity of TMJ abnormalities and morbidity. The authors hypothesized that most would have persistent TMJ disease as adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included adults (>19 years of age) with JIA who were managed at Boston Children's Hospital (BCH) as children and at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) as adults...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987512/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-diffuse-tenosynovial-giant-cell-tumor-arising-from-temporomandibular-joints
#13
J H Meng, Y X Guo, H Y Luo, C B Guo, X C Ma
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze the clinical features, treatment and prognosis to the diffuse tenosynovial giant cell tumor (D-TSGCT) arising from the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), and to give a reference for the early diagnosis and treatment of this disease. METHODS: In this study, 15 patients finally diagnosed as D-TSGCT of TMJ histopathologically at the Peking University Hospital of Stomatology from October 2003 to August 2015 were selected and reviewed...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973465/should-incidental-findings-in-diagnostic-imaging-be-reported
#14
Karina C Santos, Mariko Fujita, Jefferson X Oliveira, Yoshinobu Yanagi, Junichi Asaumi
BACKGROUND: Recent improvements in image quality have contributed to an increasing number of incidental findings (IF). Also called as "incidentalomas", this generic term refers to an entity discovered unexpectedly on an imaging examination performed for other reason. Commonly, normal variants, minor developmental anomalies and imaging artifacts are described as potential pathology. Some IF were reported in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) exam of temporomandibular joint (TMJ), including IF in the brain, maxillary sinus, ethmoidal cells, mastoid cells, salivary glands, muscles...
December 14, 2016: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930895/osteoarthrosis-of-temporomandibular-joint-related-to-the-defects-of-posterior-dentition-a-retrospective-study
#15
Jitka Levorová, Vladimír Machoň, Anasuya Guha, René Foltán
Osteoarthrosis (OA) of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a progressive degenerative disease, gradually affecting cartilage, synovial membrane and bone structures. OA of TMJ clinically manifests with joint noises, pain and restricted mouth opening. In late stages, it results in severe damage of TMJ structures and development of ankylosis. Osteoarthrosis is a multifactorial disease; the occurrence is associated with TMJ overloading. The cohort included 619 patients [538 women (87%) and 81 men (13%), with average age 40...
2016: Prague Medical Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930467/ankylosis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-and-reconstruction-with-a-costochondral-graft-in-a-patient-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#16
Valtuir Barbosa Felix, Dhayanna Rolemberg Gama Cabral, Alana Beatriz Wanderley de Almeida, Elionai Dias Soares, Katharina Jucá de Moraes Fernandes
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), the most common inflammatory autoimmune rheumatic disease in children, consists of a heterogeneous group of diseases with 7 distinct subtypes. Involvement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in JIA varies from 17% to 87%, and can alter craniofacial growth due to damage to the condylar growth center. This study was a literature review and clinical report of bilateral ankylosis of the TMJ in a 13-year-old patient with polyarticular JIA. Temporomandibular joint reconstruction with a costochondral graft was carried out...
January 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911133/changes-in-cervical-movement-impairment-and-pain-following-orofacial-treatment-in-patients-with-chronic-arthralgic-temporomandibular-disorder-with-pain-a-prospective-case-series
#17
Francis Grondin, Toby Hall
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of isolated temporomandibular joint (TMJ) manual therapy on pain and range of motion (ROM) of the TMJ and cervical spine including flexion-rotation test (FRT) in people suffering chronic pain arising from chronic arthralgic temporomandibular disorder (TMD). An experienced clinician managed a case series of 12 patients with TMD (mean duration 28.6 months +/- 26.9). The intervention comprised four-weekly sessions of transverse medial accessory TMJ mobilization and advice...
January 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907820/preauricular-pilomatricoma-an-uncommon-entity-in-a-dental-pediatric-patient
#18
Poyzan Bozkurt, Mehmet Eray Kolsuz, Ömer Günhan, Erdal Erdem, Kaan Orhan
INTRODUCTION: Pilomatricomas are benign follicular skin appendage tumors, commonly occurring in children and young adults. Most patients admit to dermatologists to seek treatment and are well known by them; however, dental professionals, especially pediatric dentists are not familiar with these tumors. PRESENTATION OF CASE: This report presents a 16-year-old female with preauricular pilomatricoma, located beneath the overlying skin of the temporomandibular region...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891491/mri-in-dentistry-a-future-towards-radiation-free-imaging-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Lav Kumar Niraj, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Irfan Ali, Kuldeep Dhama, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Monika Prasad
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), being a technique with huge potential, has become the primary diagnostic investigation for many clinical problems. Its application now has been successfully used in dentistry to maximize the diagnostic certainty. AIM: The present review aims to analyze the applicability, feasibility and efficacy of MRI in the field of dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed in main databases like Pub Med Central, Cochrane Library, Embase and Google Scholar from 1970 up to December 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889533/temporomandibular-joint-disorder-management-in-oral-and-maxillofacial%C3%A2-surgery
#20
Louis G Mercuri
PURPOSE: This article discusses why the management of temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) cases leads to some oral and maxillofacial surgeons to actively avoid attracting such patients to their practices, offers some evidence-based explanations, and provides recommendations for resolution that will benefit not only the specialty, but more importantly the patients it serves. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of the reasons some surgeons state they do not wish to manage TMD cases is presented, followed by an updated review of the TMD and orthopedic literature discussing not only the importance of a proper diagnosis but also the impact of comorbid conditions, genetics, clinical experience, and patient expectations important to achieving good TMD management outcomes...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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