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Temporomandibular joint diagnosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599446/giant-cell-tumor-of-the-tendon-sheath-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-38-patients
#1
Chao Wang, Rui-Rui Song, Ping-Ding Kuang, Liu-Hong Wang, Min-Ming Zhang
The present study aimed to investigate the value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath (GCTTS), including localized (L-) and diffuse (D-) types. A total of 38 patients with GCTTS, including 31 with L-GCTTS and 7 with D-GCTTS, diagnosed by surgery and pathology, were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent MRI examination. Of the 31 patients with L-GCTTS, the tumors were located in the hand and wrist (18 patients), the ankle and foot (10 cases), the knee joint (2 cases) and the temporomandibular joint (1 case)...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566870/temporomandibular-joint-dislocation-in-an-18-month-old-child
#2
Jaeson Mohanan Painatt, Ravi Veeraraghavan, Ushass Puthalath
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation in children is extremely rare. In our case, an 18-month-old child presented with a history of inability to close her mouth. To confirm the clinical diagnosis, a computed tomogram was taken. Clinical examination and X-ray of the TMJ revealed bilateral TMJ dislocation. Bilateral TMJ reduction was achieved manually after giving analgesia and procedural sedation. This is one of the few case reports of an acute dislocation in a toddler.
January 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552281/diagnosis-of-disk-displacement-using-real-time-mri-clinical-report-of-two-patients
#3
Sebastian Krohn, Jens Frahm, Klaus-Dietmar Merboldt, Torsten Wassmann, Arun A Joseph, Ralf Bürgers
The clinical application of real-time magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the diagnosis of temporomandibular joint disk displacement (DD) with and without reduction is presented. In 2 patients with presumed DD, real-time MRI at 15 frames per second was performed during the natural opening and closing of the mouth. In one patient unilateral DD with reduction and in the other patient bilateral DD without reduction were observed. In contrast with conventional static MRI, real-time MRI moving images of temporomandibular joint DD offer comprehensive information about the dynamics of all involved structures, which in turn promises more reliable diagnoses...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514370/-acute-otitis-media-in-a-5-year-old-child-complicated-by-mastoiditis-and-abscess-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#4
M R Bogomil'sky, M M Polunin, Yu L Soldatsky, A V Timofeeva, A A Polyakov, S A Kul'makov
This article was designed to report a case of otogenic abscess of the temporomandibular joint in a 5 year-old child. The specific feature of this observation is a rare complication of acute otitis media (otogenic abscess of the temporomandibular joint). Of crucial importance for the establishment of the correct diagnosis was the timely evaluation of the state of the temporomandibular bones by means of CT examination.
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462150/development-of-electromyographic-indicators-for-the-diagnosis-of-temporomandibular-disorders-a-protocol-for-an-assessor-blinded-cross-sectional-study
#5
Kwang-Ho Choi, O Sang Kwon, Ui Min Jerng, So Min Lee, Lak-Hyung Kim, Jeeyoun Jung
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive and easy-to-use surface electromyography (EMG) is frequently utilized for the diagnosis of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). However, few EMG parameters that consider TMDs in addition to the cranio-cervical-mandibular system have been regarded as important in traditional Korean medicine. METHODS: This clinical trial will be conducted as an assessor-blinded cross-sectional study. The participants will be classified based on the Diagnostic Criteria for TMDs Symptom Questionnaire (DC/TMD SQ) and 30 TMD patients and 30 healthy controls will be enrolled...
March 2017: Integrative medicine research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459248/frontline-temporomandibular-joint-orofacial-pain-therapy-for-every-dental-practice
#6
Lisa Germain, Louis Malcmacher
Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a group of conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint and/or muscles of mastication. TMD may present along with many comorbid pain syndromes such as myofascial pain, headache, and neck and back stiffness with limited range of motion, as well as fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome. The diagnosis and management of TMD is complex and, many times, multidisciplinary. However, dentists can provide their patients with frontline temporomandibular/orofacial pain therapy with didactic and hands-on training that provides a better understanding and a conservative approach for treatment of TMDs...
May 2017: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458938/septic-arthritis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-secondary-to-acute-otitis-media-in-an-adult-a-rare-case-with-achromobacter-xylosoxidans
#7
Ryan Chin Taw Cheong, Laura Harding
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (SATMJ) is a rare complication of acute otitis media (AOM) with only four reported cases in the English and Japanese literature. Based on the unusual nature of this clinical condition, we discuss the first documented case due to Achromobacter xylosoxidans and the utility of myringotomy with long-term intravenous antibiotics via a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC). We describe the case of a 76-year-old male patient that was brought in by ambulance to the accident and emergency (A&E) department due to severe right-sided otalgia with increased hearing impairment...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458805/the-tongue-mandible-hyoid-system
#8
Giuseppe Messina
The craniocervical-mandibular system works in harmony and allows different functional tasks as the postural control of the cervical region. This system is formed by the temporomandibular joint, the masticatory muscles and ligaments connecting the temporomandibular joint and the cervical region. It has been seen to affect human posture, and many disorders of the temporomandibular joints may affect this functional arrangement. Notwithstanding this system considered as a functional arrangement, may offer various clinical explanations, it does not hold anatomical connections with the posterior region of the cranium, thus it should not be refered to as a craniocervical arrangement...
February 24, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458495/hemifacial-microsomia-clinicoradiological-insight-and-report-of-a-case
#9
Nidhi Chhabra, Anuj Chhabra
BACKGROUND: Hemifacial microsomia is a congenital malformation characterized by deficiency in the amount of hard and soft tissue on one side of the face. It is primarily a syndrome of the first branchial arch, involving underdevelopment of the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, mandibular ramus, ear and, occasionally, defects in facial nerve and muscles. CASE DETAILS: The clinical and radiological manifestations of a 14-year-old male patient having hemifacial microsomia is highlighted in this article to enhance our knowledge and diagnostic skill of this rare entity...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437516/a-rare-case-of-misdiagnosed-silent-lung-cancer-with-solitary-metastasis-to-the-temporomandibular-joint-condyle
#10
Luca Guarda-Nardini, Edoardo Stellini, Adolfo Di Fiore, Daniele Manfredini
This article describes the case history of a 59-year-old female patient who sought advice for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain and sounds but who was actually diagnosed with a primary lung cancer with metastasis to the TMJ. The patient had a history of TMJ pain and deflection in jaw movement that progressively worsened over a few months and did not improve with the usual standard of care treatment provided by an orofacial pain practitioner. Magnetic resonance and computed tomography (CT) prescribed at a tertiary clinic showed an osteolytic bone mass within the right TMJ condyle...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437514/a-retrospective-study-on-possible-predictive-factors-for-long-term-temporomandibular-joint-degeneration-and-impaired-mobility-in-juvenile-arthritis-patients
#11
Stanimira I Kalaykova, Adriaan T Klitsie, Corine M Visscher, Machiel Naeije, Frank Lobbezoo
AIMS: To determine possible predictive factors for long-term temporomandibular joint (TMJ) degeneration and dysfunction in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) patients. METHODS: A total of 94 patients (77% female) who had received a JIA diagnosis in an outpatient rheumatology clinic from 1993 to 1994 at a mean ± standard deviation age of 8.3 ± 4.53 years were included in the study. At inclusion, TMJ status regarding condylar degeneration was assessed orthopantomographically and given a Rohlin and Petersson score of 0 or ≥ 1...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437513/prevalence-of-temporomandibular-disorders-in-the-northern-finland-birth-cohort-1966
#12
Päivi Jussila, Heikki Kiviahde, Ritva Näpänkangas, Jari Päkkilä, Paula Pesonen, Kirsi Sipilä, Pertti Pirttiniemi, Aune Raustia
AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in the 46-year-old cohort subjects from the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (NFBC 1966). METHODS: Altogether, 1,962 subjects (1,050 women, 912 men) participated in a clinical medical and dental examination and responded to questionnaires in 2012 to 2013. The stomatognathic examination was performed according to a modified protocol of the Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (DC/TMD)...
April 2017: Journal of Oral & Facial Pain and Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434828/correlation-between-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-and-histopathologic-findings-in-condylar-hyperplasia-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#13
Rafael Martin-Granizo, José Ma Garcia-Rielo, Oscar De la Sen, Lourdes Maniegas, Alberto Berguer, Manuel De Pedro
PURPOSE: To analyse the correlation between the level of activity measured in the single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and the pathological findings in patients with condylar hyperplasia (CH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients evaluated in our department between 2007 and 2014 with a diagnosis of condylar hyperplasia who had undergone SPECT, evidenced signs of activity, and had undergone surgery were included. We included 28 patients, of whom 20 were women and 8 men...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420009/temporal-summation-and-motor-function-modulation-during-repeated-jaw-movements-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorder-pain-and-healthy-controls
#14
Yuanxiu Zhang, Sheng Shao, Jinglu Zhang, Lin Wang, Kelun Wang, Peter Svensson
Temporal summation of nociceptive inputs may be an important pathophysiological mechanism in temporomandibular disorders (TMD) pain; however, it remains unknown how natural jaw function relates to underlying pain mechanisms. This study evaluated changes in pain and movement patterns during repeated jaw movements in patients with painful temporomandibular joints (TMJ) compared with healthy controls. Twenty patients with TMD with TMJ pain, and an anterior disk displacement without reduction and 20 age- and gender-matched healthy volunteers were included...
July 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408955/masticatory-muscle-tendon-aponeurosis-hyperplasia-a-new-clinical-entity-of-limited-mouth-opening
#15
REVIEW
Tsuyoshi Sato, Tetsuya Yoda
Limited mouth opening is a common health problem that interferes with eating, makes examination of the oral cavity difficult, and may increase the mortality rate during emergency intubation. Here we introduce a disease designated as masticatory muscle tendon-aponeurosis hyperplasia, which is a new clinical condition of limited mouth opening. Most oral surgeons and dentists are still unaware of this disease condition, thus increasing the risk of incorrect diagnosis as some other disease, such as temporomandibular joint disorder...
May 2016: Japanese Dental Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393815/assessment-of-treatment-response-to-splint-therapy-and-evaluation-of-tmj-function-using-joint-vibration-analysis-in-patients-exhibiting-tmj-disc-displacement-with-reduction-a-clinical-study
#16
Jyoti Devi, Mahesh Verma, Rekha Gupta
Context, Aim, and Objectives: Diagnosis of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc displacement with reduction (DDR) is difficult. Literature combining different subjective parameters of TMJ function with an objective evaluation of TMJ function using joint vibration analysis (JVA) is limited. Hence, the study was planned to diagnose temporomandibular disorder accurately, to do a subjective and objective evaluation of TMJ function, and to assess the effectiveness of different types of splint therapy over the conventional anterior repositioning appliance (ARA) group...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383601/temporomandibular-joint-involvement-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-association-between-clinical-and-tomographic-data
#17
Patrícia Cf Cordeiro, Josemar P Guimaraes, Viviane A de Souza, Isabela M Dias, Jesca Nn Silva, Karina L Devito, Leticia L Bonato
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation and synovial hyperplasia, which usually affects multiple joints. The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) becomes susceptible to the development of changes resulting from RA. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of TMD and degenerative bone changes in TMJ in patients diagnosed with RA (rheumatoid arthritis). The Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/ TMD) questionnaire was used for clinical evaluation of the TMJ and for TMD classification of 49 patients of both sexes and all ages...
December 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366448/histomorphometric-analysis-of-unilateral-condylar-hyperplasia-in-the-temporomandibular-joint-the-value-of-the-condylar-layer-and-cartilage-island
#18
B Vásquez, S Olate, M Cantín, C Sandoval, M Del Sol, M de Moraes
This study aimed to describe the condylar layer and cartilage island in subjects with unilateral condylar hyperplasia (UCH). Five individuals (15-18 years old) with a diagnosis of UCH, treated in a university hospital in Temuco, Chile, were included. The analysis examined the presence, extension, and thickness of the layers on the condylar surface, the number, depth, and area of the cartilage islands, and the argyrophilic proteins of the nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR) score. Statistical significance was set at P<0...
July 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361031/recurrent-osteochondroma-of-the-mandibular-condyle-a-case-report
#19
Young-Eun Kwon, Karp-Shik Choi, Chang-Hyeon An, So-Young Choi, Jae-Seo Lee, Seo-Young An
A 21-year-old woman presented with facial asymmetry. Crepitus and clicking of the temporomandibular joint were noted. The midline deviated 5.5 mm to the left, and secondary malocclusion was observed. Panoramic and cone-beam computed tomographic images showed an irregular and exophytic bony mass on the anteromedial surface of the right mandibular condyle. A 3-phase bone scan revealed increased tracer uptake on the affected side. The lesion was treated with excision and reshaping under the diagnosis of osteochondroma confirmed by a histopathological examination...
March 2017: Imaging Science in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298998/condylar-intramedullary-intraosseous-lipoma-contribution-of-a-new-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Alba Sanjuan, Alicia Dean, Blas Garcia, Francisco Alamillos, Elisa Roldan, Antonio Blanco
BACKGROUND: Lipoma is the most common benign tumour of the human body, being intraosseous involvement very rare. Just 1 to 4% of all cases of lipoma are located in the oral cavity, only 0.1% being intraosseous. The jaw is its most uncommon bone location. Etiology of intraosseous lipoma (IOL) is unknown, although several theories have been proposed. Usually asymptomatic, the symptoms, when present, will depend on its location and size. Its origin may be intraosseous or juxtacortical. A biopsy is essential for diagnosis, and definitive treatment involves resection or curettage of the lesion...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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