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David Allis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302490/a-systematic-review-of-intraoperative-process-mapping-in-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Ru Dee Chung, David J Hunter-Smith, Robert T Spychal, Venkat V Ramakrishnan, Warren Matthew Rozen
Process mapping has been identified as a strategy to improve surgical efficiency but has been inconsistently applied in the literature and underutilised in surgical practice. In this journal, we recently described our utilisation of these approaches when applied to breast reconstruction. We showed that in surgery as complex as autologous breast reconstruction, process mapping can improve efficiency, and may improve surgical teaching, education and audit. The intraoperative period specifically is an area that can be applied not only to breast reconstruction, but to a much broader range of surgical procedures...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273008/implementation-of-guidelines-for-multidisciplinary-team-management-of-pregnancy-in-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes-or-cardiac-conditions-results-from-a-uk-national-survey
#2
Cath Taylor, David R McCance, Lucy Chappell, Catherine Nelson-Piercy, Sara A Thorne, Khaled M K Ismail, James S A Green, Debra Bick
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous publications stating the importance of multidisciplinary care for women with pre-existing medical conditions, there is a lack of evidence regarding structure or processes of multidisciplinary working, nor impact on maternal or infant outcomes. This study aimed to evaluate the implementation of guidelines for multidisciplinary team (MDT) management in pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes or cardiac conditions. These conditions were selected as exemplars of increasingly common medical conditions in pregnancy for which MDT management is recommended to prevent or reduce adverse maternal and fetal outcomes...
December 22, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261346/using-the-theoretical-domains-framework-to-identify-barriers-and-enablers-to-pediatric-asthma-management-in-primary-care-settings
#3
Janet Yamada, Melissa L Potestio, Andrew J Cave, Heather Sharpe, David W Johnson, Andrea M Patey, Justin Presseau, Jeremy M Grimshaw
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to apply a theory-based approach to identify barriers and enablers to implementing the Alberta Primary Care Asthma Pediatric Pathway (PCAPP) into clinical practice. Phase 1 included an assessment of assumptions underlying the intervention from the perspectives of the developers. Phase 2 determined the perceived barriers and enablers for: 1) primary care physicians' prescribing practices, 2) allied health care professionals' provision of asthma education to parents, and 3) children and parents' adherence to their treatment plans...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248401/health-economic-implications-of-complications-associated-with-pancreaticoduodenectomy-at-a-university-hospital-a%C3%A2-retrospective-cohort-cost-study
#4
Jason Wang, Ronald Ma, Paul Eleftheriou, Leonid Churilov, David Debono, Ray Robbins, Mehrdad Nikfarjam, Chris Christophi, Laurence Weinberg
BACKGROUND: A cost analyses of complications following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) was performed in a high volume hepato-biliary-pancreatic service. We hypothesised that costs are increased with both severity and number of complications; we investigated the relationship between complications and specific cost centres. METHODS: 100 patients from 2011 to 2016 were included. Data relating to their perioperative course were collected. Complications were documented by the Clavien-Dindo classification and costs were inflated and converted to 2017 USD...
December 13, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239647/the-transfer-of-category-knowledge-by-macaques-macaca-mulatta-and-humans-homo-sapiens
#5
Alexandria C Zakrzewski, Barbara A Church, J David Smith
Cognitive psychologists distinguish implicit, procedural category learning (stimulus-response associations learned outside declarative cognition) from explicit-declarative category learning (conscious category rules). These systems are dissociated by category learning tasks with either a multidimensional, information-integration (II) solution or a unidimensional, rule-based (RB) solution. In the present experiments, humans and two monkeys learned II and RB category tasks fostering implicit and explicit learning, respectively...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236535/a-social-work-approach-to-policy-implications-for-population-health
#6
Daniel P Miller, Angela R Bazzi, Heidi L Allen, Melissa L Martinson, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Kathryn Jantz, Katherine Crevi, David L Rosenbloom
The substantial disparities in health and poorer outcomes in the United States relative to peer nations suggest the need to refocus health policy. Through direct contact with the most vulnerable segments of the population, social workers have developed an approach to policy that recognizes the importance of the social environment, the value of social relationships, and the significance of value-driven policymaking. This approach could be used to reorient health, health care, and social policies. Accordingly, social workers can be allies to public health professionals in efforts to eliminate disparities and improve population health...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183314/does-clinical-supervision-of-healthcare-professionals-improve-effectiveness-of-care-and-patient-experience-a-systematic-review
#7
David A Snowdon, Sandra G Leggat, Nicholas F Taylor
BACKGROUND: To ensure quality of care delivery clinical supervision has been implemented in health services. While clinical supervision of health professionals has been shown to improve patient safety, its effect on other dimensions of quality of care is unknown. The purpose of this systematic review is to determine whether clinical supervision of health professionals improves effectiveness of care and patient experience. METHODS: Databases MEDLINE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, EMBASE and AMED were searched from earliest date available...
November 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175969/time-and-motion-studies-of-national-health-service-cataract-theatre-lists-to-determine-strategies-to-improve-efficiency
#8
Harry W Roberts, James Myerscough, Simone Borsci, Melody Ni, David P S O'Brart
AIM: To provide a quantitative assessment of cataract theatre lists focusing on productivity and staffing levels/tasks using time and motion studies. METHODS: National Health Service (NHS) cataract theatre lists were prospectively observed in five different institutions (four NHS hospitals and one private hospital). Individual tasks and their timings of every member of staff were recorded. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed to investigate possible associations between individual timings and tasks...
November 24, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172687/european-cardiovascular-nurses-and-allied-professionals-knowledge-and-practical-skills-regarding-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#9
Trond R Pettersen, Jan Mårtensson, Åsa Axelsson, Marianne Jørgensen, Anna Strömberg, David Thompson, Tone M Norekvål
PURPOSE: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) remains a cornerstone in the treatment of cardiac arrest, and is directly linked to survival rates. Nurses are often first responders and need to be skilled in the performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. As cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills deteriorate rapidly, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether there was an association between participants' cardiopulmonary resuscitation training and their practical cardiopulmonary resuscitation test results...
November 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132780/sustainable-wineries-through-waste-valorisation-a-review-of-grape-marc-utilisation-for-value-added-products
#10
REVIEW
Richard A Muhlack, Ravichandra Potumarthi, David W Jeffery
Grapes are one of the most cultivated fruits worldwide, with one third of total production used in winemaking. Both red and white winemaking processes result in substantial quantities of solid organic waste, such as grape marc (pomace) and stalks, which requires suitable disposal. Grape marc accounts for approximately 10-30% of the mass of grapes crushed and contains unfermented sugars, alcohol, polyphenols, tannins, pigments, and other valuable products. Being a natural plant product rich in lignocellulosic compounds, grape marc is also a promising feedstock for renewable energy production...
November 10, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123913/sex-hormone-status-in-women-with-chronic-kidney-disease-survey-of-nephrologists-and-renal-allied-health-care-providers-perceptions
#11
Sharanya Ramesh, Matthew T James, Jayna M Holroyd-Leduc, Stephen B Wilton, Ellen W Seely, David C Wheeler, Sofia B Ahmed
Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) in reproductive-age women is accompanied by menstrual and fertility disorders and premature menopause. Objective: We sought to determine nephrologists' and allied health care providers' perceptions on management of sex hormone status in women with CKD. Methods: An anonymous, Internet-based survey was sent to nephrology society members from Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom, and the Canadian Association of Nephrology Nurses and Technologists (February-November 2015)...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120265/do-journal-clubs-work-the-effectiveness-of-journal-clubs-in-a-clinical-pastoral-education-residency-program
#12
David Fleenor, Vanshdeep Sharma, Jo Hirschmann, Heidi Swarts
Journal clubs are an established means of ongoing learning in medicine. Beginning with physicians in the nineteenth century, journal clubs have gradually become established in nursing and other allied health professions. However, their use in Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE) is relatively new. We describe the creation of a journal club for CPE residents and discuss the lessons learned from this effort. Over two years, a journal club was conducted with two different cohorts of residents. Residents were surveyed regarding the perceived strengths and weaknesses of the journal club and their recommendations for improvement...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119235/effect-of-probiotics-and-synbiotics-consumption-on-serum-concentrations-of-liver-function-test-enzymes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Saman Khalesi, David Wayne Johnson, Katrin Campbell, Susan Williams, Andrew Fenning, Sonia Saluja, Christopher Irwin
PURPOSE: The gut-liver interaction suggests that modification of gut bacterial flora using probiotics and synbiotics may improve liver function. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify the effect of probiotics and synbiotics consumption on the serum concentration of liver function enzymes. METHODS: PubMed (MEDLINE), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Cochrane Library (Central) were searched from 1980 to August 2017 for studies where adults consumed probiotics and/or synbiotics in controlled trials and changes in liver function enzymes were examined...
November 8, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110686/oncology-practitioners-perspectives-and-practice-patterns-of-post-treatment-cancer-survivorship-care-in-the-asia-pacific-region-results-from-the-step-study
#14
Raymond Javan Chan, Patsy Yates, Qiuping Li, Hiroko Komatsu, Violeta Lopez, Myat Thandar, Selva Titus Chacko, Winnie Kwok Wei So, Kanaungnit Pongthavornkamol, Myungsun Yi, Pongpak Pittayapan, Jessica Butcon, David Wyld, Alex Molassiotis
BACKGROUND: Most efforts to advance cancer survivorship care have occurred in Western countries. There has been limited research towards gaining a comprehensive understanding of survivorship care provision in the Asia-Pacific region. This study aimed to establish the perceptions of responsibility, confidence, and frequency of survivorship care practices of oncology practitioners and examine their perspectives on factors that impede quality survivorship care. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of hospital-based oncology practitioners in 10 Asia-Pacific countries was undertaken between May 2015-October 2016...
November 6, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105870/service-learning-partnerships-features-that-promote-transformational-and-sustainable-rural-and-remote-health-partnerships-and-services
#15
Debra Jones, Lindy McAllister, Robert Dyson, David Lyle
OBJECTIVE: To describe features that promote transformational and sustainable community engaged health partnerships and services in rural and remote Australian locations. DESIGN: A pragmatic qualitative study using focus groups and individual semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed using four stages of data comparison. SETTING: Far west New South Wales, Australia. The health partnership, initiated by primary school principals in 2008, aimed to address allied health service inequities experienced by regional children...
November 6, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098981/what-is-the-definition-of-sports-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Paul McCrory, Nina Feddermann-Demont, Jiří Dvořák, J David Cassidy, Andrew McIntosh, Pieter E Vos, Ruben J Echemendia, Willem Meeuwisse, Alexander A Tarnutzer
OBJECTIVES: Various definitions for concussion have been proposed, each having its strengths and weaknesses. We reviewed and compared current definitions and identified criteria necessary for an operational definition of sports-related concussion (SRC) in preparation of the 5th Concussion Consensus Conference (Berlin, Germany). We also assessed the role of biomechanical studies in informing an operational definition of SRC. DESIGN: This is a systematic literature review...
June 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091200/patterns-of-dispensed-non-medical-prescriber-prescriptions-for-antibiotics-in-primary-care-across-england-a-retrospective-analysis
#17
Molly Courtenay, David Gillespie, Rosemary Lim
Objectives: To describe the patterns of dispensed non-medical prescriber (NMP) prescriptions for antibiotics in primary care across England between 2011 and 2015. Methods: A retrospective analysis of dispensed antibiotic prescriptions, written by NMPs and medical prescribers between 2011 and 2015 in primary care in England, obtained from the National Health Service Business Services Authority. Results: Between 2011 and 2015, the number of NMPs (mainly nurses but also pharmacists and small numbers of allied health professionals) in England, who have independent prescribing capability, has risen by over one-third to nearly 30000...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084100/efficacy-of-telerehabilitation-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#18
Tamara Ownsworth, Urska Arnautovska, Elizabeth Beadle, David H K Shum, Wendy Moyle
OBJECTIVE: To identify and appraise studies evaluating the efficacy of telerehabilitation for adults with traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: A systematic search of Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature), and PsycINFO databases was conducted from January 1980 to April 23, 2017, for studies evaluating the efficacy of telerehabilitation for adults with TBI. Two reviewers independently assessed articles for eligibility and rated methodological quality using 16 criteria related to internal validity, descriptive, and statistical characteristics...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073202/questionnaire-survey-of-the-pan-african-trade-in-lion-body-parts
#19
Vivienne L Williams, Andrew J Loveridge, David J Newton, David W Macdonald
The African lion is in decline across its range, and consumptive utilisation and trade of their body parts and skins has been postulated as a cause for concern. We undertook a pan-African questionnaire and literature survey to document informed opinion and evidence for the occurrence of domestic and international trade and consumption in African lion body parts across current and former range states. Sixty-five people from 18 countries participated in the online questionnaire survey (run from July 2014 to May 2015), with information provided for 28 countries (including 20 out of 24 countries believed to have extant populations)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061619/a-scoping-review-protocol-on-the-roles-and-tasks-of-peer-reviewers-in-the-manuscript-review-process-in-biomedical-journals
#20
Ketevan Glonti, Daniel Cauchi, Erik Cobo, Isabelle Boutron, David Moher, Darko Hren
INTRODUCTION: The primary functions of peer reviewers are poorly defined. Thus far no body of literature has systematically identified the roles and tasks of peer reviewers of biomedical journals. A clear establishment of these can lead to improvements in the peer review process. The purpose of this scoping review is to determine what is known on the roles and tasks of peer reviewers. METHODS: We will use the methodological framework first proposed by Arksey and O'Malley and subsequently adapted by Levac et al and the Joanna Briggs Institute...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
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